Skip to main content

Full text of "The Holy Bible : consisting of the Old and New Covenants, translated according to the letter and idioms of the original languages"

See other formats


BS 195 .Y75 1898 
Young, Robert 
The holy Bible 



"P) \^\p : ^ - <' "^^v. \f^°ip> Vc 



NE^V EDITION— MINION TYPE. 



THE HOLY BIBLE, 



CONSISTING OF 



THE OLD AND NEW COVENANTS, 



TRANSLATED ACCORDING TO 



Clj^ i^etter anb |bioms of i\t #ri;i9mal languages. 



EGBERT YOUNG, LL.D., 

AUTHOR OF SEVERAL WORKS IN HEBREW, CHALDEE, SAMARITAN, SYRIAC, GREEK, 
LATIN, GUJARATI, ETC. 



REVISED EDITION. 



EDINBURGH : G. A. YOUNG & CO., BIBLE PUBLISHERS. 

SOLD BY ALL BOOKSELLERS IN THE KINGDOM. 

1898. 



PUBLISHERS' NOTE TO THE THIRD EDITION. 



Notwithstanding the fact that the Eevised Version of the Old and the New 
Testament has come into the field since the learned and lamented author 
first issued his Literal Translation of the Bible, the demand for it from year 
to year has continued remarkably steady. This indicates that it still fills a 
place of its own among helps to the earnest student of Holy Scripture. In 
1887 Dr Young issued a Revised Edition, of which two impressions are ex- 
hausted. The work has been subjected to a fresh revision, making no alteration 
on the principles on which the Translation proceeds, but endeavouring to make 
it as nearly perfect in point of accuracy on its present lines as possible. The 
Publishers accordingly issue this new Revised Edition in the hope that earnest 
students of the Bible, by attaining to a clearer apprehension of the meaning 
of the inspired writer, may more clearly and fully apprehend the mind of the 
Spirit by whom all Holy Scripture has been given to us. 

Edinburgh, January 1898. 



PEEEACE TO THE EEVISED EDITION. 



THE following Translation of the New Testament is based upon the belief that every word 
of the original is " God-breathed," as the Apostle Paid says in his Second Epistle to Timothy, 
chap. 3. 16. That language is, indeed, applicable, in the lirst place, only to the Writings of 
the "Old Testament," in which Timothy had been instructed, but as the Apostle Peter, in 
his Second Epistle, chap. 3. 15, 16, expressly ranks the "Epistles" of his beloved brother 
Paul along with "the other Scriptures," as the " Grospels "_ and the "Acts" of the Apostles 
were undoubtedly written before the date of Peter's writing, by men to whom the Savioiu- 
promised and gave the Holy Spirit, to guide them to all truth, to teach them all things, and 
to remind them of aU things tnat Jesus said and did, there can be uo reasonable ground for 
denying the inspii-ation of the New Testament by any one who holds that pf the Old, or who 
is willing to take the plain unsophisticated meaning of God's Word regarding either. 

This inspiration extends only to the original text, as it came from the pens of the writers, 
not to any translations ever made by man, however aged, venerable, or good ; andonly in so 
far as any of these adhere to the original — neither adding to nor omitting from it one par- 
ticle—are they of any real value, for, to the extent that_ they vary from the original, the 
doctrine of verbal inspiration is lost, so far as that version is concerned. 

If a translation gives a present teiue when the original gives a past, or a past when it has 
a, present; a perfect for & future, or a, future for a, perfect; an a for a tM, or a the for an a; an 
imperative ior a. subjunctive, or a subjunctive for an imperative; a verb for a noun, oTa,nou7i 
for a verb, it is clear that verbal inspiration is as much overlooked as if it had no existence. 
The Wokd of God is made void by the tkaditions of jien. 

A strictly literal rendering may not be so pleasant to the ear as one where the apparent 
amise is chiefly aimed at, yet it is not euphony tjut truth that ought to be sought, and where 
in such a version as the one commonly in use in this country, there are scarcely two consecu- 
live verses where there is not some departure from the original such as those indicated, and 
where these variations may be coimted by tens of thousands, as admitted on all hands, it is 
difficult to see how verbal inspiration can be of the least practical use to those who depend 
upon that version alone. 

Modern scholarship is beginning to be alive to the inconsistency of thus gratuitously 
obscuring, and really cliangiug, the meaning of the sacred writers by subjective notions of 
what they ought to have written, rather than what they did write, for if we admit that in a 
single case it can be lawfid to render a past tense by a present, where shall we end? who islto 
be judge? if we do so in one passage, to bring out what may appear to us might, could, 
woidd, or should, be the Scriptural meaning, we cannot deny the same privilege to others 
who may twist other passages in like manner. The alteration of an a for a thema,j appear 
a small matter not woi-th speaking of, but an attentive comparison of the following Transla- 
tion with the common one ■will discover numerous passages where the entire force of the verse 
depends upon the insertion or non-insertion of the article. 

For example, in Mat. 2. 4, Herod is represented as enquiring "where Christ" shoiUd be 
bom. But "Christ" is the surname of the man Jesus, \vho was quite unknown to Herod, 
who could not conseqiiently ask for a person of whose existence he was ignorant. _ The true 
explanation is, ; that King James' Translator omitted the definite arxicle which, occurs 
in the original. The correct translation is, where "the Christ" should be born. Herod 
knew of " (lie Chi-ist," tlie Messiah, tlve long promised Saviour and King of the Jews, and his 
enquiry was, where He was to be born, whose kingdom was to be over alL The simple 
article clears up the whole. There are aboiit two thousand instances in the New Testament 
where these translators have thus omitted all notice of the definite article, not to say any- 
thing of the great number of passages where they have inserted it, though not in the original. 

The following translation need not, and ought not, to be considered,^ in any sense, as 
coming into competition with the Common Version, but as one to be used in connection with 
it, and as auxiliary to it ; and not a few assurances have been received from clergymen and 
others that they thus use it, and find it at once interesting and profitable. The change of a 
single word, or collocation of words, is often found to throw an entirely new shade of meaning 
over the Scripture. This advantage is well known to all who have compared the various 
ancient versions, or even the English versions that successively formed what was popularly 
called "the authorized version," i.e., Tyndale, Coverdale, Geneva, Bishops, &c. 

The Greek Text followed is that generally recognized as the " Received Text," not because 
it is thought perfect, but because the department of Translation is qiiite distinct from that 
of Textual Criticism, and few are qualified for both. If the original text be altered bya 
translator, (except he give his reasons for and against each emendation,) the reader is left in 
uncertainty whether the translation given is to be considered as that of the old or of the 
new reading. And, after aU, the difi'erences in sense to be found in the 100,000 various Greek 
readings are so trifling compared with those to be derived from an exact translation of the 
Received Text, that the writer willingly leaves them to other hands ; at the same time, it is 
contemplated, in a future edition, to give, in an Appendix, all the various readings of the 
Greek MSS. that are capable of being expressed in English. 

With gratefid thanks to the Father of Lights, this x-evised edition is presented to the 
friends of Divine Truth, with tlie hope that it may be a means, in the hands of the Divine 
Spirit, of quickening tlieir faith, and encouraging their hearts, in the work of the Lord. 

E. Y. 



PEEf ACE TO THE FUiST EDITION 



THIS WORK, in its present form, is not to be considered as intended to come into competition 
with the ordinary use of the commonly received English Version of the Holy Scriptures, 
but simply as a strictly literal and idiomatic rendering of the Original Hebrew and Greek 
Texts. For about twenty years — fully half his life-time — the Translator has had a desire to 
execute such a work, and has been engaged in Biblical piirsuits tending to tliis end more or 
less exclusively ; and now, at last, in the good providence of God, the desire has been accom- 
plished. How far he has been able to carry out the just principles of Biblical Translation, 
founded on a solid and immoveable foundation, time alone will tell, and for this he confi- 
dently waits. As these principles are to some extent new, and adhered to with a severity 
never hitherto attempted, and as the Translator has perfect confidence in their accuracy and 
simplicity, he proceeds at once to state them distinctly and broadly, that not merely the 
learned, but the wayfaring man need not err in appreciating their value. 

There are two modes of translation which may be adopted in rendering into our own langu- 
age the Avritings of an ancient author; the one is, to bring him before us in such a manner as 
that we may regard him as our oion; the other, to transport ourselves, on the contrary, over 
to Mm, adopting his situation, modes of speaking, thinking, acting,— peculiarities of age and 
race, air, gesture, voice, Ac. Each of these plans has its ad.vantages, but the latter is incom- 
parably the better of the two, being suited — not for the ever-varjdng modes of thinking and 
acting of the men of the lifth, or the tenth, or the fifteenth, or some other century, but — for 
all ages alike. All attempts to make Moses or Paid act, or speak, or reason, as if they were 
Englishmen of the nineteenth centiiry, must inevitably tend to change the translator into a 
paraphrast or a commentator, characters which, however useful, stand altogether apart from 
that of him, who, with a work before him in one language, seeks only to transfer it into 
another. 

In prosecuting the plan thus adopted, a literal translation was indispensable. No other 
kind of rendering could place the reader in the position contemplated, side by side with the 
writer — prepared to think as he does, to see as lie sees, to reason, to feel, to weep, and to 
exult along with him. His very conception of time, even in the minor accidents of the gram 
matical past, present, future, are to become pur own. If he speaks of an event, as now passing, 
tve are not, on the logical ground of its having in reality ah-eady transjiired, to translate his 
present as if it were a past ; or if, on the other hand, his imagination pictiu-es the future as 
if even at this moment present, we are not translators but expounders, and that of a tam( 
description, if we take the liberty to convert his time, and tense— the grammatical expression 
of his time— into our own. King James' translators were almost entirely unacquainted with 
the two distinctive peculiarities of the Hebrew mode of thinking and speaking, admitted by 
the most profound Hebrew scholars in theory, though, from undue timidity, never carried 
ontivL practice, viz: — 

I. That the Hebrews were in the habit of using the past tense to express the certainty 
of an action taking place, even though the action might not really be performed for some 
time. And 

II. That the Hebrews, in referring to events which might be either past or future, were 
accustomed to act on the principle of transferring themselves mentally to the period and place 
of the events themselves, and were not content with coldly viewing them as those of a bygone 
or still coming time ; hence the very frequent use of the present tense. 

These two great principles of the Hebrew langiiage are substantially to be found in the 
works of Lee, Gesenius, Ewald, &c. ; but the present •writer has carried them out in transla- 
tion much beyond what any of these ever contemplated, on the simple groimd tliat, if they 
are true, they ought to be gone through with. While they afl'ect very considerably the out- 
ward /o?-7«. of the translation, it is a matter of thankfulness that they do not touch the truth 
of a single Scripture doctrine -not even one. 

Every effort lias been made to secure a comparative degree of uniformity in rendering the 
original words and phrases. Thus, for example, the Hebrew verb natlian, which is ren- 
dered by King James' translators in sixty-seven different ways (see in the subsequent page, 
entitled ' Lax Renderings,') has been restricted and reduced to tw, and so with many otners. 
It is the Translator's ever-growing conviction, that even this smaller number may be reduced 
stiU further. 

It has l)een no part of tlie Translator's plan to attempt to form a New Hebrew or Greek 
Text— he has therefore somewhat rigidly adhered to the received ones. Where lie has dif- 
fered, it is generally in reference to the imnctuation and accentuation, the division of words 
and sentences, ^yhich, Ijeing merclv traaitional, are, of course, often imperfect. For an ex- 
planation and vindication of these differences, tlie reader is referred to the "Concise Cora 
uientarv," wliicli is designed to supplement the ]irc.seiit volume. 

The Translator has often had occasion to regret the want of a mariJiinal column to insert 
the various renderiiigs of passages whei-e he has been unable to satisfvhis own mind — he lias, 
however, cast the chief of these into an ai'pendix, under the title, ''Additions and Corroo 
tions," and still more elaborately in the supplementary voliune. 

SouiBDBaB, lutft Sevt. 1862. 



style of the Sacred Writers, and of this Translation. 

ONE of the first things that is likely to attract the attention of the Readers of this New- 
Translation is its lively, picturesque, dramatic style, by which the inimitable beauty of the 
Original Text is more vividly brought out than by any previous Translation. It is true that 
the Revisers appointed by King James have occasionally imitated it, but only in a few familiar 
phrases and colloquialisms, chiefly in the Gospel Narrative, and without having any settled 
principles of translation to guide them on the point. The exact force of the Hebrew tenses has 
long been a vexed question with critics, but the time cannot be far distant when the general 
principles of the late learned Professor Samuel Lee of Cambridge, with some modification, will 
be generally adopted in Sundance, if not in theory. It would be entirely out of place here to 
enter into details on this important subject, but a very few remarks appear necessary, and may 
not be unacceptable to the student. 

I. It would appear that the Hebrew writers, when narrating or describing events which 
might be either past ov future (such as the case of Moses in reference to the Creation or ihe. 
Deluge, on the one hand, and to the Coming of the Messiah or the Calamities which were to 
befall Israel, on the other), uniformly wrote as if they were alive at the time of the occurrence of 
the events mentioned, and as eye-witnesses of what they are narrating. 

It would be needless to refer to special passages in elucidation or vindication of this 
principle essential to the proper understanding of the Sacred Text, as every page of this Trans- 
lation affords abundant exam^iles. It is only what common country people do in this land at 
the present day, and what not a few of the most popular writers in England aim at and 
accomjilish — placing themselves and their readers in the times and places of the circumstances 
related. 

This principle of translation has long been admitted by the best Biblical Expositors in 
reference to the Prophetic Delineation of Gospel times, but it is equally applicable and necessary 
to the historical narratives of Genesis, Ruth, etc. 

II. The Hebrew writers often express the certainty of a thing taking jilace by putting it in 
WiQ 2jast tense, though the actual fulfilment may not take place for ages. This is easily under- 
stood and appreciated when the language is used by God, as when He says, in Gen. xv. 18, 
"Unto thy seed / have given this land ; " and in xvii. 4, " I, lo, My covenant is with thee, and 
Ihou hast become a father of a multitude of nations." 

The same thing is found in Gen. xxiii. 11, where Ephron answers Abraham : " Nay, my lord, 
hear me ; the field / have given to thee, and the cave that is in it ; to thee I have giveti it ; before 
the eyes of the sons of my people / have given it to thee ; bury thy dead." And again in 
Abraham's answer to Ephron : "Only — if thou wouldst hear me — 1 have given the money of the 
field ; accept from me, and I bury my dead there." Again in 2 Kings v. 6, the King of Syria, 
^vriting to the King of Israel, says : "Lo, I have sent unto thee Naaman, my servant, and tho7i 
hast recovered hitn from his lejirosy," — considering the King of Israel as his servant, a mere 
expression of the master's purpose is sufficient. In Judges viii. 19, Gideon says to Zebah and 
Zalmunnah, "If ye had kept them alive, / had not slain you." So in Dent. xxxi. 18, " For all 
the evils that they have done" — shall have done. 

It would be easy to multiply examples, but the above may suffice for the present. Some of 
these forms of expression are preceded by the conjunction "and " (waw, in Hebrew), and a very 
common opinion has been that the conjunction in these cases has a conversive ])ower, and that the 
verb is not to be translated ^X(s< (though so in grammatical form), \>vX future. This is, of course, 
only an evasio7i of the supposed difticulty, not a solution, and requires to be supported by the 
equally untenable hypothesis that a (so-called) future tense, when preceded by the same conjunc- 
tion waw {" a.nd.,") often becomes a. pecs f. Notwithstanding these two converting hypotheses, 
there are numerous passages which have no conjunction before them, which can only be explained 
by the principle stated above. 

III. The Hebrew writers are accustomed to express laws, commands, etc., in four ways: 

1st. By the regular imperative form, e.g., " SiJeah unto the people." 

^Ind. By the infinitive, " Every male of you is to he circumcised." 

3rd. By the (so-called) future, "Ze< there be light;" "Thou shall do no murder;" 

" Six days is work done." 
Wi. By the past tense, " Speak unto the sons of Israel, and thou hast said unto them." 
There can be no good reason why these several peculiarities should not be exhibited in the 
translation of the Bible, or that they should be confounded, as they often are, in the Common 
Version. In common life among ourselves, these forms of expression are frequently used for 
imperatives, e.g., "Go and do this," — "This is to be done first," — "You shall go," — "You go 
and finish it." There are few languages which aff'ord such opportunities of a literal and idiomatic 
rendering of the Sacred Scriptures as the English tongue, and the present attempt will be found, 
it is believed, to exhibit this more than any other Translation. 

The three preceding particulars embrace all that appears necessary for the Reader to bear 
in mind in reference to the Style of the New Translation. In the Supplementary "Concise 
Critical Commentary," which is now in the course of being issued, abundant proofs and illustra- 
tions will be found adduced at length. 



TITE BATTLE OF THE HEBREW TEXSEa 



Tli'R iinmrtain state of Hebrew criMcism in reference to the Tenses is so fully exliiliiteA in 
the following extracts from one of the latest, and in some respects one of the best, pxam- 
matical Commentaries (by the Rev. J. A. Alexander, of Princeton, New Jersey), on the Book 
of Isaiah, that the reader s attention to them is specially requested. 

On Fsa. 5. 13, Prof. A. remarks: — 'Luther, Gesenius, and Hendewerk take [the verb] as a 
future, which is not to be assumed without necessity. Most recent writers evade the diffi- 
culty by rendering it in the present tense. The only natural construction is the old one 
(Septuagint, Vulgate, Vitringa, Barnes), which gives the preterite its proper meaning, and 
either supposes the future to be here, as often elsewhere, spoken of as already past,' &c. 

[This principle, though admitted and maintained by Gesenius, Lee, &c., nas never been 
acted upon, to any extent, by any Translator till the present. It is the only principle, how- 
ever, that can carry us through every difficulty in the Sacred Scriptures.] 

On chap. 5. 25, ''^The future form given to the verbs by Clericus is altogether arbitrary. 
Most of the later writers follow Luther in translating them as presents. But, if this verse is 
not descriptive of the past, as distinguished from the present and the future, the Hebrew 
language is incapable or making any such distinction.' 

[Let this principle be carried out, as it ought to be, and nine-tenths of the common critical 
works on the Bible are rendered perfectly useless, and positively injurious.] 

On chap. 5. 26, ' Here, as in v. 25, the older %vriters understand the verbs as future, but the 
later ones as present. The verbs in the last clause have waw prefixed, but its conversive 
power commonly depends upon a future verb preceding, which is wanting here.' 

[And so it is in dozens of places where Prof. A. follows in the usual wake of critics.] 

Ou chap. 5. 27, ' The English Version follows Calvin in translating aU the verbs as future. 
The Vulgate supplies the present in the first clause, and makes the others future. But as 
the whole is evidently one description, the translation should be uniform, and as the T)re- 
terite and future forms are intermingled, both seem to be here used for the present, which is 
given by Luther, and most of the late writers.' 

[Here, leaving all certainty and settled principles behind him, Prof. A. tells us how he 
thinks the inspired -writer ought to have written, not what he did write.] 

On chap. 8. 2, 'The Vulgate takes the verb as a preterite, and Gesenius, Maurer, Knohel 
read accordingly with waw conversive. The Septuagint, Targum, and Peshito make it 
imperative, and Hitzig accordingly. Gesenius formerly preferrea an indirect or suhjunctivt 
construction, which is still retained by Henderson.' [Here are/owr ancieat versions and^ve 
modern critics at fives and sixes regarding what is as simple as can well be imagined!] 

On chap. 9. 7, ' Another false antithesis is that between the verbs, referring one to past 
time, and the other to the future. This is adopted even by Ewald, but according to the usage 
of the language [rather of modern Hebrew grammar], Waw is conversive of the preterite only 
when preceded by a future, expressed or implied.^ 

[By this very extraordinary rule the critic can never have any difficulty, for it is very easy 
to consider a verbal form implied when it suits his convenience ! Yet this egregious absurdity 
is very commonly adopted in all existing translations, including the Common English Ver- 
sion; e. g.. Gen, 9. 12-14, where the Hebrew Text ha,s four verbs all in the past tense, yet the 
first is translated as a present ('I do set'), and the remaining three as futiu-es ! The first 
verb is undoubtedly in the past, ' I have set,' the other three as undoubtedly, seeing the Waw 
by which they are preceded cannot be conversive, except when preceded by a future or an 
imperative, neither of which occur in this place. The solution of the supposed difficulty is 
only to be found in the principle stated above by Prof. A., and which is the basis of the New 
Translation, and maintained by Gesenius and Lee, that the Hebrews were in the habit of 
using the past to denote the qertainty of an event taking place.] 

On chai). 9. 19, 'Ewald refers the first clause to the past, and the second to the present, 
Umbreit the first to toe present, and the second to the future. But the very intermingling 
of the past and the futui-e forms shows that the whole was meant to be descriptive.' 

[Would they not be descriptive had they been all past, or all present, or all future?] 

On chap. 10. 14, 'The present form, which Hendewerk adopts throughout the verses, \9 
equally grammatical ' — [though the first verb is a perfect, and the second a perfect!] 

On chap. 14. 24, ' Kimchi ex|ilains [the verb] to be a preterite used for a future, and this 
construction is adopted in most versions, ancient and modern. It is, however, altogether 
arbitrary, and in violation of the only safe nde as to the use of the tenses, \nz., that they 
should have their proper and distinctive force, unless forbidden by the context or the nature 
of the subject, which is very far from being the case here, as we shall see below. Gesenius 
and De Wette evade the difficulty by rendering both the verbs as presents, a construction 
which is often admissible, and even necessary (!) in a descriptive context, but when used in- 
di8crinii)iat(!ly f)r inappropriately, tends both to weaken ana obscure the sense. Ewald and 
Umbreit make the first verb present, and the second future, which is scarcely, if at all, lees 
objectionable.' 

The above extracts are surely sufficient to show that Hebrew criticism, as hitherto taught, 
is capable of being used to any purpose, or moulded to any form the Critic may wish. Such 
a state of things surely cannot continue any longer, or be adojited by any one who regard* 
Bimplicity more than ingenious guesses, truth more than tradition. 



VIEW OF HEBREW TENSES AS SEEN IN THE NEW TRANSLATION. 

THE HEBREW has only two tenses, wliich, for want of better terms, may be called Past 
and Present. 

The pas< is either perfect or imperfect, e.g., ^1 lived in this house five years,' or 'I have 
lived in this house five years;' this distinction may and can only be known by the context, 
which must in all cases oe viewed from the writer's standing-point. 

In every other instance of its occurrence, it points out either — 

1) A gentle imperative, e. g., "Lo, I have sent unto thee Naaman my servant, and thou Jiast 
recovered him from his leprosy;" see also Zech. 1. 3, &c. ; or 

2) A fixed determination that a certain thing shall be done, e. g., " Nay, my lord, hear me, 
the field / have given to thee, and the cave that is in it ; to thee / have given it ; before the 
eyes of the sons of my people / have given it to thee ; bury thy dead ; " and in the answer, 

Only — if thou wouldst hear me — / have given the money of the field." 

T\\Q present tense — as in the Modern Arabic, Syriac, and Amharic, the only living remains 
of the Semitic languages — besides its proper use, is used rhetorically for the future, there 
being no grammatical form to distinguish them ; this, however, causes no more difficulty 
than it does in English, Turkish, Greek, Sanscrit, &c., the usages of which may be seen in the 
Extracts from the principal grammarians. 

In every other instance of its occurrence, it points out an imperative, not so gently as when 
a preterite is used for this _purj)ose, nor so stern as when the regular imperative form is em- 
ployed, but more like the mlinitive, Thou art to write no more ; thou mayest write no more. 

The present participle differs from the present tense just in the same manner and to the 
same extent as "I am writing, or, I am a writer," does irom, "I write, or, 1 do write." 

THE ABOVE VIEW of the Hebrew tenses is equally applicable to all the Semitic langu- 
ages, including the Ancient and Modern Arabic, the Ancient and Modern Syriac, the Ancient 
and Modern Ethiopic, the Samaritan, the Chaldee, and the Rabbinical Hebrew — not one of 
which is admitted to have the Waw Conversive. 

It may be added, that all the Teutonic languages — fourteen in number — agree with the 
Semitic in rejecting a future tense ; the futurity of an event being indicated either by auxi- 
liary verbs, adverbs, and other particles, or by the context. 



Analysis of the Verbs in Genesis ix. 12-15. 

'^ "And God saith. This is the token of the covenant that / am making between Me and 
you, and every living creature that is with you, for generations age-during; ^^My bowl 
have given in the cloud, and it hath been for a token of a covenant between Me and the 
earth ; ^* and it hath come to pass, in My sending a cloud over the earth, that the bow hath 
been seen in the cloud, i' and 1 have remembered My covenant, that is between Me and you, 
and every living creature of all flesh, and the waters become no more a deluge to destroy all 
flesh." 

Verse 12. And God saith.] The present "tense is used, according to the almost universal 
custom of the Hebrews, &c., to bring up the narrative to the present time. The conjunction 
and has no special or logical significance, but is used simply to break the abruptness of the 
opening sentence, as the Hebrews scarcely ever allow a verb in the present or past tense to 
commence a sentence, especially in prose, without some other word preceding it ; the only 
other way would have been toput the nominative before the verb, but this, though occasion- 
ally used, is not agreeable to Hebrew taste. 

This (is) the token.] The Hebrew substantive verbis, in the present tense, very frequently 
omitted ; in the past tense, it is very rarely, if ever, omitted. 

That I arn making, lit. giving.] The participle is more strikingly expressive of present 
action than if the present tense had been employed. 

That (is) with you.] The present tense of the substantive verb is understood as above, 
according to the usus loquendi. 

V. 13. My bow I have given in the cloud.] The past tense here is used to express a fi,xed 
determination that the circiunstauce mentioned is undoubtedly to take place ; most unwar- 
rantably does the Common Version translate as a present, ' I do set ; ' while the theory of the 
Waw (Jonversive has no place here, since there is no Waw to work on. 

And it hath become.] The fixed determination is here continued from the preceding 
clause ; on no grammatical principle can it be rendered present, much less future, as it is in 
the Common Version ; the Waw here can have no converting power, there being no future 
preceding it to rest on, as the rules of Waw Conversive imperatively demand. 

V. 14. It hath come to pass — the bow hath been seen — I have remembered]— though ren- 
dered future in the Common Version, are all past, being preceded by pasts, and are to be 
explained by the same principle — of expressing the certainty of a future action by putting it 
in the past, owing to the determination of the speaker that it must be. 

The only remaining verb in the 15th verse is correctly put in the present tense ; the 
speaker, going forward in thought to the period when the events alluded to take place, de- 
clares graphically that 'the waters become no more a deluge to destroy all flesh.' 



"WAW COm^EESIVE" A FICTION -NOT A FACT. 



THE doctrine of " Waw Conversive," according to the common Hebrew Grammars, is:-- 

" The past tense, with the prefix ^va7v, expresses /?f<?tre time wlien preceded by a verb in 
the futuref or hy an imperative." And again: — 

" The /w<Mrc tense, with the prefix waw.nnd. datiesh in the following letter, is used to 
express the past." [See the Grammars of Hitrwitz, Gesenius, &c.] 

Tlie objections to this doctrine may be summed up in four particulars .— 

L It is insufficient to explain the many thousands of passages in the Hebrew Bible where 
a past tense is preceded neither by a future nor by an imperative, yet where it is " converted" 
in the Common English Bible, and with as miich propriety as in any of those instances that 
are supposed to be indisputable : e.g. 

Ge. 9. 12, "This [is) the token of the covenant that I am making between Mc and you . . 
my bow I have set in the cloud, and it hath become the token of the covenant . . . and it 
liath come to pass . . . and it hath been seen . . . and I /taw remembered . . . and the waters 
do no more," &c. 

Ge. 17. 4, " Lo, My covenant {is) with thee, and thou hast become the father of a multitude 
of nations." 

The true solution of the principle involved in these passages is: That the Hebrews were 
in the habit of exjwessing the certainty of an action taking place by putting it in the past tense 
(see particularly Ge. 23. 11, ^' I Jiave given . . . I have given . . . I have given;" aLso in verse 
13, " / Jmve given"), taking its fulfilment for granted. 

II. It leads to results rather startling, viz., that most, if not all, of the Hebrew particles 
are conversive ! Grammarians have already been driven to admit, or rather assert, that az 
then, and terem not yet, are conversive as well as waw. 

But the list might be enlarged with such as the following: — 

1 Kings 10. 22 — ahath, once. . . . 'once in three years cometh.^ 
Num. 3. 23 — akari, behind . . . ' behind they do encamp westward. 

Judg. 5. 8 — im, not 'there J5 not seew.' 

Judg. 5. 29 — aph, yea 'yea, she retumeth.'' 

Gen. 6. 4 — asher, vfhen. . . . 'when they come in.' 
Deut. 12. 30 — aicah, how?. . . . 'how do they serve?' 

Ezek. 21. 32 — gam, also ' this also hath not 6eew.' 

1 Sa. 21. 14 — hinneh, lo 'lo, you see the man is mad.' 

Exod. 18. 15 — ki, because .... 'because the people co7ne unto me.' 

Exod. 1. 12 — ken, so 'so they multiply. 

Gen. 32. 26 — ki im, except . . . ' except thou Jiast blessed me.' 

Ruth 2. 13 — lo, not 'and I — I am not as one.' 

1 a. 21. 14 — lamah, why? . , . 'why do ye bring him imto me? 

19. 24 — al ken, therefore . ' therefore they say.' 
Josh. 9. 8 — me-ayin, whencef. 'whence come ye? 

Gen. 37. 12 — ma, what? ' what dost thou seek ?' 

21. 7 — mi, who? ' who hath saidV 

This is only a small specimen of what might be adduced. It is not too much to say that the 
above twenty particles (including az, waw, and terem) might be doubled, if not tripled, in 
number. 

III. It requires us to admit that the form yigtol is essentially a future tense, while from 
the analogy of the Modern and Ancient Arabic, as well as from its use in the follo\ving 
passages (which might easily be multiplied), it is evidently an indefinite present, expressive 
of habitual action, which may very naturally be viewed as being or continuing in operation 
at some period afterwards as well as at present. 



Ge. 2. 10 — yippared, it is parted. 
19 — yikra, he calletn. 
6. 4 — yavou, they come in. 
10. 9 — yeamar, it is said. 
31. 39 — aJiattenah, I repay it. 

-tevakslienah, thou dost seek it. 



1 Sa. 13. 17 — yiphneh, he turneth. 
14. 47 — yarshia, he vexeth. 
21. 14 — taviu, do ye bring ; tini, you see. 
Isa. 1. 11 — yomar, he saith. 
Job 3. 11 — amuth, do I die. 

3 — ivvaled, I am born. 



None of these passages can with any propriety be regarded as expressive of future action ; 
and there seems no rational way oi solving the problem but by regarding the tense as is 
done above. 

rV. It is not found in any other language ; and in particular, it is unknown in all the 
cognate Semitic dialects, viz., the Samaritan, Chaldee, Syriac, Arabic, and Etliiopic, and 
in all the voluminous uninsjured literature of the Jews. Attempts liave been made to find 
something like it in the use of the Arabic particle pha, but, as rrofcssor Lee has well re- 
marked (in his Hebrew Grammar and Lexicon), the same tiling might be alleged of most, 
other Arabic particles, such as la, no, lam, not, lamma, why, suvima, then, &c., which no 
one has ever as yet thought of doing. 

The Arabs, in order to lessen the occasional ambiguity arising from the same form of the 
verb being used indifferently for the present and the future, sometimes prefix to it the particle 
aa (a contraction of soufa, at last, hereafter), which makes it strictly future, and sometimes 
the word ammal (an agent), which makes it strictly present. 



THE WAW CONYEESIYE-IMPF.RFECT. 



rmi , t3-QK ipw na tit K-ip^ JtVi , d^ij ]'iDn 3^<'7 n>"'m , ]nH Tini nin ^» 

Common Version: — "As for Me, behold, My covenant is with thee, and thou SHALT be a 
father of many nations ; neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name 
shall be Abraham, for a father of many nations HAVE I made thee." 

New Version: — "I — lo. My covenant is with thee, and thou HAST become a father of a 
multitude of nations, and thy name is no more called Abram, but thy name hath been Abra- 
ham, for a father of a multitude of nations HAVE I made thee."- -Gen. 17. 4, 5. 



It is the first and the last of the verbs in the above verses to which the reader's attention 
is specially requested, viz., those translated in the Common Version, "Thou sJialt be," and 
" I have made," and in the New Version, " Thou hast become," and " I have made." 

Both Versions agree in translating the last verb as a preterite, "I Aaye made;" as the form 
of the verb is admitted on all hands to be that of a preterite. 

The versions differ, however, in the translation of the first verb, the one rendering it by the 
future "shall," the other by the preterite "hast." 

The question at issue is : Which of the two is right ? both cannot be right — one must be 
wrong. 

It is undoubtedly in the preterite form, precisely like the last verb in the sentence, admit- 
ted on all hands to be a preterite. Why then should this not be translated as a preterite 
Ukewise ? 

If it be said, that tne sense requires it to be translated as a ruture, seeing it is not literally 
true that Abraham was a father of many nations at the moment that God addressed these 
words to him, then, on precisely the same principle, the last verb ought to be translated as a 
future, "I will make thee," — not "T have made thee," as both versions agree in doing— as it 
is not literally true, that, at the moment when God thus addressed him, He Jiad made him a 
father of many nations. 

If no one will venture to translate the last verb as a future, why should the first be so 
rendered ? 

If it be said that the first verb has a conjunction before it, called Waio, signifying "and," 
and that the Hebrew Grammarians have laid it down as an kliom of the language, that, in 
certain circumstances, Waw before a preterite indicates that the preterite is to be reckoned 
as a future, the answer is : These circumstances do not exist in the present case. 

The fimdamental Rule laid down by all Hebrew Grammarians to regulate Waw Conversive 
is: that the first verb to be converted must be preceded by one of a different tense, e.g., a 
preterite must be preceded by a future, and a future by a preterite. 

But, in the passage before us, there is, in the Hebrew, no verb at all preceding the one sup- 
posed to be converted, and consequently the Rule cannot operate. 

On no principle of Hebrew Grammar, as commonly taught, can the Conversive Piinciple 
come into operation in this passage, and it is only one out of hundreds of similar instances. 

The solution of the matter is foimd in the principle : That the Hebrews were in the habit 
of using the preterite form of the verb to denote a fixed determination that the things men- 
tioned shall and must take place ; this principle is common to all the Semitic languages; it is 
distinctly admitted by the best Hebrew Grammarians ; it is common to the New Testament 
Writers, and to the whole series of Greek and Latin Classics, (see Winer, Stuart, Kilhner, 
fee.) and it is the only one that meets all cases. 

The Waw Conversive, on the contrary, is unknown in every other Hebrew composition — ^in 
tvery other Semitic dialect — in e.very other language on earth. 



HEBREW TENSES ILLUSTEATED BY THOSE OF OTHER T-ANGUAGES 



RABBINICAL WRITINGS. 

THE oldest writings in the Hebrew language, after the Old Testament, are the Tahnuds, 
large portions of which we have examined to find some examples of Waw Conversive, but in 
vain ; -we liave not found a single instance of a preterite converted into a future, or any thing 
that bears the slightest resemblance to it. 

With the same \dew we have read large portions of the best Rabbinical Commentators, 
Kimchi, Jarchi, Aben-Ezra; the Jewish Frayer-books, the Hebrew translations of the New 
Testament, of the Pilgrim's Progress, of Dr M 'Cavil's Old Paths, and have looked over other 
Hebrew works too numerous to mention, and all mth the same negative result. How is it 
at all possible that the Hebrew language, as found in the Old Testament, can have a Waw 
Conversive, if it be wanting in all the oldest and most valued later Hebrew wiitings ? Can 
credulity go farther ? 

The astounding fact is : that, out of the hundreds of languages which are, and have been, 
spoken on the earth, not one, except the Hebrew, is supposed to have tlie Waw Conversive; 
while, oiit of the hundreds of volimies which . have been published in the Hebrew language, 
not one, except the Old Testament, has the Waw Conversive ! 

SAMARITAN. 

NICHOLLS lorites: — "Some verbs include, imder the perfect form, both a perfect and 
present tense, . . . we sometimes find a f utm-e circumstance related in the perfect tense, as 
something that has actually taken place, the design of the writers in this case was to mark 
the future occurrence as something already evidently decreed and decided on, and therefore 
as it were acc9mplished : thus Ge. 15. 18, To thy sons have 1 given the laud. ' 

"The peculiar use of Waw, called Waiv Conversive among tlie Hebrews, is unknown to the 
Samaritans, Chaldees, and Syrians. 

"The future tense, besides the force of a future, seems to have the force of a present ; as 
Ge. 37. 15, ' What seekest thou ?' Ex. 5. 15, ' Why do ye do so ? ' "—Orammar, p. 93, 94. 

ETHIOPIC-ANCIENT. 

LUDOLPH vn'ites: — ''^ Praesens tantum in subjunctivo occurrit: nam indicativi futuro 
utuntur pro praesenti ; quod quidem nostro idiomati assuetis oppido incommodum \adetur, 
sensus tamen, constructio, longusque iisns, huic defectui succurrit. 

"Praeteritum • . ._ continet autem sub se caetera praeterita latinonim, imperfectivum, et 
plusquam jjerfectum indicativi et subjuuctivi, nee non futurimi subjunctiva, si particulae id 
poscant, ut Ps. 50. 17; 54 12, 13. 

"Excipe lixile, defectum, quod praesentis et imperfect! indicativi significationem habet, est, 
erat, adest, aderat." 

"Putitrum, ut dixemus, hie etiam pro presenti indicativi est." — Oram. p. 19, 20. 

AMHARIC. 

ISENBERG im<cs: — " The Abyssinians have not, strictly speaking, more than two divi 
sions of time, i. e., the past and the present; the present being used also for the future. . . . 
The present, which might be perhaps with propriety called aorist [?] because it is applicable 
to the future, as well as to the present tense, is a form composed of the contingent and the 
auxiliary. 

" Whether this form, when it occurs, is intended for the present or the future, generally 
depends on the context. In order, however, to have no doubt when they speak of future 
things, they use the simple contingent form with additional particles, I have [am] to be hon- 
ourable ; time is for nie [to come] that I am to be honourable.' 

"The simple preterite of the indicative is used . . . for the present or immediate future. 
... 'I am gone,' i. e., if you allow me I go now; or when a person is frequently called, and 
does not come, he at last answers, [I have come, I have come, i. e.] ' 1 come, I come.' 

"The present indicative is used for both the present and the future tenses. 

" The future time is geyierally ex])Tessed by the same forms which serve for the present, 
excei)t the aoristic construction. In page 66 of tliis work we pointed out a decidedly future 
form, besides which they make use of the contingent with al and dohonal; but these two 
latter forms are not confined to the future; they are also used for the present tense." 

MALTESE. 
GESENIUS ivrites:—" Ich folge der Anordnung der Grammatiker fiir die arabische vulgar- 
gprache, in welcher bekantlich, wie in Maltese, das Fut. jyraesent ist. — P. 16. 

COPTIC. 

TATTAM tm<€« :—" Instances frequently occur, in which the present tense is used for the 
perfect, and also for the future. 

" 'Jlie future tense and future participles are sometimes used to express the present and 
perfect tenses." — Orammar, ]>. 61-66. 



ireBREW TENSES n.LUSTRATEP BY THOSE OF OTHEPt LANGUAGES. 

ARABIC-ANCIENT. 

RICHARDSON im-ites :—" The preterite is used also in place of the future, and other 
tenses, which an attention to the construction only can render familiar. 

"The particle la, 'not,' gives to the preterite the signification of the present, 'the fruit of 

timidity does not gain [hath not gained], and doth not lose [hath not lost] Per- 

ceded by az, or aza, 'when,' it becomes the future of the subjunctive, 'when you shall be 

Eiave been] among strange people, to whom you do not belong, then eat whatever is set 
efore you, whether it be bad or good.' 

*^ The future corresponds more frequently to owv present than to any other tense, as may be 
remarked in almost every passage. ... It is frequently restrained to a future tense when the 
particle sa is prefixed . . . the negative lana, ' not at all,' together with the particles saufa, 
saf, saw, say, give it likewise the future sense. Wlien preceded by ma, 'not, it has for the 
most part a present signification. . . . lam a,nd lama, 'not yet,' gives it, according to Erpenius, 
the sense of the preterite." — Grammar, p. 81-89 

ARABIC-MODERN. 

FARIS EL-SHIDIAC writes: — "The form for the future of the verb is also applicable for 
the present. The modern Arabs, therefore, make it a real present by joining it to some other 
word. Thus hoivayaktuha, signifies he writes, or he will lorite. But liowa ammal yaktuba, 
has the single signification of lie is writing. 

"Although in the classical Arabic there are two particles, sa and saufa, employed to con- 
fine the verb to the futiu-e, they are very seldom used in ordinary books." — Oramma", p. 38, 

SYR] AC-ANCIENT. 

HOFFMAN writes: — "Praet. pro Fut. in sermonihiis propheticls, asseveranonibus, velin 
expectatione interdum, sed miilto rarius, quam in Hebraicis Ubris usurpattir (Praet. propheti- 
cum), ita ut viva loqiientis imaginatione id, quod futurum est, tanquam praeteritum aut 
certe praesens fingatur; e.g., Es. 9. 1, Ge. 17. 20; 40. 14, Job 19. 27, Jo. 5. 24. 

" Praet. pro Imper. ut quamquam non omnino prohibititm, tameu in imo fere verbo hewo 
rulgare est, idque in sermonibus timi affirmantibus tum negantibus, praecipue \ibi cum 
Adject, aut Partic. conjunctum legitur, ut Mat. 5. 25; 6. 7, Mar. 5. 34; 13. 37, Lu. 10. 37 ; 11. 
2; 13. 14, Rom. 12. 9-14, 16, 1 Cor. 11. 24; 14. 20, Eph. 4 32, Tit. 3. 1, 1 Jo. 4. 1. 

"Praet. pro Fut. exacto poni, non singulare putarim, quia hoc tern pus praeteriti notionem 
certo incluoit ; ita in his sententiis hypotheticis, De. 4. 30, 1 Sa. 10. 2. 

The future is used: "pro^?ae5. neque tamen tam crebro, quam in Hebraico sermone, e.g. 
1 Sa. 1. 8, Ei^hr. 1. 119, f., Ge. 4. 15, Es. 43. 17. 

"Fut. Syriaco ea quoque iudicantur, quae Romani ^raes. conjunct, designant; itaque a) 
Optativus, ut Ps. 7. 10, Cant. 7. 9, 1 Reg. 17. 21, delude b) Germanorum formulae loquendi 
verbo quodam auxiliari (mogen, durfer,lconnen, sollen), effectae, ut Ps. 7. 10, Es. 19. 12; 47. 13. 
Esdr. 19. 14, Ge. 2. 16 ; 3. 2 ; 30. 31, Ju. 14. 16, Pr. 20. 9, Non minus c) Imper. hoc tempore 
signatur, quid? quod in praeceptis ad aliquid prohibendum datis, cum Imper. prohibitivt 
usurpari nequeat (? 132, 1), vulgo eo utimtur, e.g., Ge. 46. 3, Ex. 20. 13-17, Ruth 1. 20."— 
Grammar, p. 332-336. 

UHLEMANN writes:— ^ The^as^ designates the present tense a) in prophecies, asseverations, 
and the like, which are viewed as already fulfilled and accomplished. 

" The /M<Mr-e stands for . . . the j>j-ese7j<, although more rarely than in Hebrew. 

"The preterite also stands for the imperative." — Grammar, p. 171-7. 

SYRIAC-MODERN. 

STODDART writes: — ^ Present tense. This is sometimes used . . . &% a. future, 'we are 
going after a month ; [ so in Ge. 6. 17, where in the modern language we have the present 
tense, and in the ancient the active participle. 

"Preterite tense. — 1) Used as a present: e.g., a man in distress says, '/ died, i.e., I am 
dead ; / choked, i.e., I am choked, or I am drowned.' A boy in recitation, if confused, will 
say, 't< lost on me,'' i.e., I have lost it. Ask a man how his business is to-day, and he may 
reply, ' It remained [remains] just so.' Persons coming to make a petition will tell us, 'we 

goured {i.e., we now place) our hope on you.' Compare Ancient Syriac, (Hoff. § 129, 4. b. c.) 
bmpare also Ps. 1. 1, in the Ancient and Modern. 

"4) As a, future ; e.g., if you died to-morrow, you perished; if you believe, Christ just 
now {i.e., at this moment) received [wiU receive] you;' this is no doubt an emphatic future. 
Compare Nordh. § 966. 1, c. 

" 5) As a subjunctive present. . . . Many of the idioms mentioned above give force and 
vivacity to the langitage. We are thus allowed to speak of events and actions which are 
present or future, though definite, or future and contmgent, as if they had actually trans- 
pired and were recorded in the past. On this account the preterite is often used in Hebrew 
m the language of prophecy. 

"It is not strange that these different idioms lead to ambiguity, which no acquaintance 
with the language will fully remove ; e.g., [a cei-tain given phrase] may be translated, ' our 
sweet voices let us all raise ;_ or we do all raise, or we will all raise.' The perplexity thus 
caused, however, is as nothing compared Mith the puzzling expressions we often find in 
Hebrew."— Gramma?-, p. 158-164- 



REBREW TENSES ILLUSTRATED BY THOSE OF OTHER LANGUAGE& 



TURKISH. 



BARKER iimies: — "The first tense [i.e., the iiresent] has also a future si;^ification ; 
aidrm is used for ' I do' and ' 1 will do' equally. It is therefore called aorist [?] by Mr Red- 
house." The present participle airfer, 'doing,' has, Mr Barker says, a future sense also.— 
Orammar, p. 27, 28. 

PERSIAN, 

BLEECK r<;?-jtes:— "In narration, when, after a verb in the preterite, a second verb occurs, 
which in English would also be naturally in a pant tense, the Persians employ the present 
(or aorist), as, ' The young tiger saw that he has not the power of resisting.' 

"Similarly, in recounting a conversation, the Persians always make use of a dramatic 
style, i.e., they report the very words, as, llattim told her that he would not eat — lit., Hattim 
said to her thus, I will not eat." — Orammar, p. 79. 

SANSCRIT. 

WILLI AMiS v;rites: — ^^ Present tense. This tense, besides its proper use, is frequently 
used for the future-^ as, ' whetlier shall [do] I go? when shall [dol 1 see thee?' 

" In narrative it is commonly used for the past tense; as, ' he having touclied the ground, 
touches his ears, and says.' . . . The particle sma, when used with the present, gives it the 
force of a. perfect."— Orammar, p. 198, 199. 

GUJARATI. 

CLARKSON writes: — " Pre^eni [tense expresses] in familiar conversation action as about 
to take place immediately, ' I am sending (^going to send] a servant with you ; [also] action 
originating in past time, and not yet completed, where the English uses the perfect of the 
auxiliary, 'How many days have you been fare you] studying Gujarati.' 

" It is used iu narrative of ^jasi events, when writing seriatim. 

" It expresses /M<2/re action, which, on account of its certainty, is viewed as present by the 
speaker, e.g., I go [shall go] this year to Bombay. 

"The iirst future . . . is used . . . where the English uses the present, especially when 
preceded by ^'are, ' when,' — when my brother comes, lit. shall come." — Orammar, y>. 73, 74. 

HINDUSTANI. 

Shakeaitear vrrites : — " The pas< indefinite of a verb seems at times used in a present oi 
future sense. . . . The present, when celerity in the performance of any enterprise is em- 
phatically denoted, may be used in the sense oi the future. . . . The indetinite future or 
aorist may not only convey a present meaning, but it may even be construed with an auxiliary 
verb as a present participle even." — Oraminar, p. 136. 

SIAMESE. 

LOW writes: — " The present ten.oe of this [indicative] mood is in its nature indefinite^ . . 
1 remain or I will remain; you are not to go yonder, i.e. , yon will [shall?] not go. ... ' I shot 
a bird,' as it stands, might be also rendered, ' I shoot a bird.' — Orammar, p. 47. 

TELOOGOO. 

CAMPBELL twites: — "It is of much importance for the reader to imderstand that the 
two forms of the future tense are seldom used ; the present or the aorist being commonly 
substituted for them." — Orammar, p. 99. 

MALAY. 

CRAWFORD tvrites:—" Time is often left to be inferred from the context, and, indeed, is 
expressed only wlien it is indispensable to the sense that it should be specified. 

The tenses, when they viv^t be specified, are formed by auxiliaries, which are either verba 
or adverbs." — Grammar, p. ^. 

NEW ZEALAND. 

WILLIAMS writes:— "The present and perfect, when formed hy ka, will generally be 
distinguished by the sense." — p. 63. 

YORUBA. 

GROWTHER ivrites: — "The present and imjKrfect tenses are botli alike; as moh loh, I go, I 
went; aioa de, we return, we returned; o sung, he sleeps, he slept ; ojoho, thou aittest, thou 
sattest. . . . The present tense, strictly speaking, is more frequently expressed by the sign 
of the particle -"g, and [it] is then understood that the action is not yet past ; as a^ng — Imh 
Uthardah, we are writing a book." — Vocabulary, p. 16. 



HEBBEW TENSES ILLUSTRATED BY THOSE OF OTHER LANGUAGES. 



ENGLISH. 



PRIESTLEY writes: — "A little reflection may, I tMnk, suffice to convince auy person 
that we have no more business with a ficture tense in our language than we have with the 
whole system of Latin moods and tenses; because we have no modification of our verbs t(> 
correspond to it; and if we had never heard of a future tense in some other language, we 
should no more have given a particular name to the combination of the verb with the 
auxiliary shall or will, than to those that are made with the auxiliaries do, Iiavc, can, must, 
or any other." — English Grammar, 

LATHA^l writes : — " Notwithstanding its name, the present tense, in English, does not 
express a strictly present action ; it rather expresses an habitual one. _ He speaks well=he is 
a good speaker. If a man means to say that he is in the act of speaking, he says, 7 am speak- 
ing. It has also, especially when combined with a subjimctive mood, a future power, I beat 
you (=1 will beat you) if you don't leave off." — English Language, p. 455. 

JLINDLEY MURRAY twites;— "The present tense, preceded by the words when, before, 
after, as soon as, &c., is sometimes [often?] used to point ont the relative tivue oi a. future 
action; as, ' When he arrives he will hear the news;' 'He will hear the news before he 
arrives;' or, 'As soon as he arrives,' or, 'At farthest, soon a/ter he arrives ; ' 'The more 
Bhe improves, the more amiable she will be.' _ 

" In animated historical narratives, this tense is sometimes [always ?] substituted for the 
hnperfect tense ; as, ' He en<e?'5 the territory of the peacefiil inhabitants, he fights and con- 
quers, takes an immense booty, which he divides among his soldiers, and returns home to 
enjoy an empty triimiph.' 

The perfect tense, preceded by the words tohen, after, as soon as, &c., is often used to de- 
note the relative time of a future action ; as, ' When i have flnished my letter, I will attend 
to his reqiiest;' 'I will attend to this business, as soon as I have flnished my letter.' 

" It is to be observed, that in the subjunctive mood . . . the verb itself in the present, and 
the auxiliary both of the present and past-imperfect tenses, often carry with them somewhat 
of a future sense ; as, ' If he come to-morrow, I may speak to him ; if he should or would 
come to-morrow, I might, could, woidd, or should spealc to him.' 

"Observe also, that the auxiliaries shoidd and would, in the imperfect tenses, are used to 
express the present and future as well as the past : as, ' It is my desire, that he should, oi 
wovdd, come now, or to-morrow;' as well as, ' It was my desire, that he should or would 
come yesterday;' so that, in this mood, the precise time of the verb is very much determined 
by the nature and drift of the sentence." — Grammar, p. 11&— 119. 

PICKBOURN writes: — "The first of these English tenses, viz., I ivrite, is an aorist [?], or 
indefinite of the present time. 

"Even those compound jjarticiples, which denote completed or finished actions, maybe 
applied to future, as well as past and present time. Thus : " Whenever that ambitious young 
prince comes to the throne, being supported by a veteran army, and having got possession or 
the treasures which will be [are] found in his father's coff"ers, he," &c. — English Verb, p. 111. 

MARSH imtes.- — "It is a curioiis fact that the Romance languages, as well as the Romaic, 
at one period of their history, all rejected the ancient inflected futures, and formed new 
compound or auxiliary ones, employingfor that purpose the verbs ivill and shall, or have in 
the sense of duty or necessity, though French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese, have now 
agglutinated the inflnite and auxiliary into a simple future. 

" Wliy is it that the Gothic languages have always possessed a. past tense, never a future? 
Why did the Romance dialects retain the Latin past forms, and reject the Latin futiire?" 

"If the expression of time is an inherent necessity of the verb, special forms for the future 
as well as the present and the past ought to be universal, but in most modern European 
languages, the future is a compound, the elements of which are a present auxiliary and an 
aorist iufinitivej for in the phrases I shall go, he will go, shall and will are in the present tense, 
and go is aoristic. 

" The Anglo-Saxon, with a single exception in the case of a substantive verb, had ab- 
solutely no mode of expressing the future by any verbal form, simple or compound. The 
context alone determined the time, and in German, in the Scandinavian dialects, and in 
English, we still very commonly, as the Anglo-Saxons did, express the future by a present. 
Ich geJie morgen nach London, I go, or I am going, to London to-morrow, are more frequently 
used by Germans and Englishmen, than ich werde gehen, I shall or will go; and the adverbial 
nouns morgen and to-morrow, not the verbs gehen and go, are the true time-words. 

"The use of the present for the past, too, especially in spirited narrative and in poetry, is 
not less familiar, and in both these cases the expression of time belongs to the gramjnatical 
period, not to the verb." — Lectures, p. 204. 



SUMMARY OF THE NEW VIEW OF THE HEBREW VERB 



From these pages the scholar can scarcely fail to infer thai: — 

I. The form of the Hebrew verb yiqtol, denotes a real present, and not a, future : 

1) Because it is admitted by Ewald, Gesenius, Lee, Rodiger, and every other Hebrew 
Grammarian of name, that it is so in numberless places, and because there are thou- 
sands of instances where the Common English Version, and all other versions, an(nent 
and modern, do rightly translate it as a present. 

2) Because there are numerous passages where it cannot possibly be a, future; and as it is 
impossible, in the very nature of things, for a real future to express present time, 
—whereas it is very common, in almost all languages, rhetorically to express futurity 
by a present — it must be a present, and not a future. 

3) Because in all the Cognate Semitic Dialects it is regarded as a present. 

II. Tlie form of the Hebrew verb qatal denotes a past (perfect or imperfect). It is also 
used idiomatically: — 

1) To express a gentle imj}erative ; this is universally agreed by all Hebrew Grammarians 
to be the case when it is preceded by a regular imperative, e.g., " Speak and say," lit.. 
Speak, and tliou hast said ; but this limitation of tneira arises from imperfect acquaint- 
ance with the facts of the case, as there are many passages where there is no impera- 
tive preceding, yet where the past tense is usedto express a command, e. q., Zech. 1. 
3, " And thou hast said," i.e., " Say thou." This idiom is also admitted to be common 
in all the Cognate Semitic Dialects. 

2) To express a fixed determination that a certain thing must and shall be. This idiom 
is distmctly admitted by the above-mentioned Hebrew Grammarians, and is common, 
not only in the Cognate Semitic Dialects, but in the Oreek Neio Testament, and also 
in the Greek and Latin Classics, as shown by Stuart, Winer, Macknight, Kiihner, 
and others. 

HI. The Waw Conversive is Unnecessary. It is based upon superficial data, for: — 

1) It supposes yiqtol to be an exclusively future form, which is not the case. 

2) It ignores the idiomatic use of the past tense to express a "fixed determination," 
which is admitted by all Hebrew Grammarians. 

3) It casts the utmost imcertainty over the language, as, on the very same principles by 
which waw is supi^osed to be conversive, the particles once, behind, not, yea, token, 
how ? also, lo, because, so, except, why ? therefore, wlience ? what ? and ivho ? must be 
held to be conversive likewise — which no sane man mil venture to maintain. 

4) It does not explain all the phenomena of the case, for there are numberless i>assages 
" where a past tense is preceded neither by a future nor by an imjierativc (as the rules 
of Waw Conversive imi)eratively require), yet, when it is converted in the Common 
English Version, and witli as much propriety as in any of those instances which are 
supposed to be indisputable." 

5) It is unparalleled among all the other languages of the world — ancient and modern, 
eastern and western. 

It is found in no other composition in the Hebrew Language; in all the most 
ancient, and valued, and voluminous Hebrew writings it is wanting ; — the Talmudim, 
the Penishim, the Midrashim, have it not. If the Hebrew language ever had a Waw 
Conversive, is it at all likely that it should suddenly, totally, and unobservedly drop out 
of existence? 

The residt of the whole is: That the Waio Conversive does not exist in the Hebrew Biljle, and 
is Unnecessary, Imperfect, and Unexampled in any language. 

It has only a traditional existence, being the too hasty yeneralization of some ancient gram- 
marians, who observed that the Septuapnt Translators had— with the freedom which 
characterizes their whole work both in style and sentiments deemed the Hebrew 
idioms too colloquial for the fastidious Greeks, and too simple for the dignity of literary 
composition ; and as all succeeding ti»anslators, without an exception, were under the 
Bpelt of the sacred cliaracter of that Version, it is no wonder, though much to be re- 
gretted, that tlieir exam])le was followed. Of late years there has been a very strong 
tendency in translators and expositors to adhere more than ever to the exact form of the 
Hebrew and (Jreek Tenses, but the present Translation is the first and only one in which 
it ia carried out systematically. 



CONFUSED KENDEKINGS OE KING JMIES' KEVibEiiS. 



The English verl) ' destroy^ is, in the Com- 
mon Version, the representative of not less 
than forty-nine different Hebrew words (as 
may be seen in the 'Englishman's Hebrew 
Concordance,' p. 1510 of second edition) ; — 
the verb '<o set,'' oi forty, and 'to bring, ^ of 
thirty-nine, &c. It is evident, therefore, that 
the use of 'Cruden's Concordance,' and all 
others based on the Common Version, can 
onlv mislead the mere English reader. 

The following list of words, with the num- 
ber of their Hebrew representatives (accord- 
ing to the Common Version) expressed in 
niimerals, will surprise all who have not 
hitherto attended to this subject ; viz: — 

To abhor 12, abide 13, abundance 11, aflBic- 
tion 12, to be afraid 22, after 13, against 13, 
among 11, to be angry 10, another 11, to ap- 
point 24, appointed 10, army 10, at 13, to 
bear 13, beauty 15, before 22, beside 14, to 
bind 15, body 12, border 13, bough 13, branch 
20, to break 33, bright 10, to bring 39, to 
bring forth 21, broken 12, to be broken 16, 
to biirn 19, burning 12, but 15, by 14, captain 
16, capti^'ity 10, to carry away 10, to carry 

12, to cast 19, to cast down 19, to cast out 15, 
to catch 12, to cease 21, chain 10, chamber 10, 
change 16, to be changed 10, chief 10, to cleave 

15, coast 10, to come 32, commandment 12, 
companion 10, company 22, to consider 18, to 
consume 21, consiuned 10, to continue 11, 
comer 10, country 10, to cover 21, covering 

13, to cry 17, to cut down 10, to be cut down 
13, to cut off 18, to be cut off 14, dark 11, 
darkness 10, to declare 11, decree 11, to be 
defiled 10, to deliver 26, to depart 18, desire 
13, to desire 13, desolate 16, to be desolate 11, 
desolation 12, to despise 10, to destroy 49, to 
be destroyed 17, destruction 35, to di\'ide 19, 
to draw oiit 10, dung 10, to dwell 14, dwelling 
11, east 10, end 26, to establish 13, to be ex- 
alted 11, excellent 10, to fail 30, to faint 18, 
to fall 14, fear 16, to fear 10, flood 10, for 21, 
foundation 11, from 17, fruit 12, garment 14, 
to gather 23, to gather together 16, to be 
gathered 10, to be gathered together 14, to get 

16, gift 12, to give 15, glorious 12, glory 10, to 
go 22, goodly 15, governor 12, great 'M, grief 

10, to be grieved 17, grievous 10, to grow 13, 
habitation 17, to harden 10, haste 11, to make 
haste 10, height 11, to hide 14, to hide self 12, 
high 18, to hold 12, hurt 11, idol 11, if 10, in 
13. to increase 17, iniquity 11, to be joined 10, 
judgment 10, to keep 11, to kindle 15, know- 
ledge 12, labour 10, to be laid 10, to lay 24, 
to lead 12, to leave 15, to be left 11, to lift up 
15, light 13, to long 10, to look 16, to be made 

11, majesty 10, to make 23, man 12, to mark 
10; measure 13, meat 14, to meet 10, midst 10, 
mi^ht 12, mighty 26, to mourn 12, to move 15, 
to be moved 13, much 10, multitude 14, net 
10, not 14, now 13, of 10, to offer 22, offering 
10, old 13, only 11, to oppress 10, to ordain 12, 
over 10, to overthrow 11, palace 10, part 14, 
people 10, to perceive 10, to perish 13, pit 12, 
place 13, pleasant 17, pleasure 10, poor 10, 
portion 13, to poirr out 12, power 17, to pre- 
pare 14, to prevail 15, prid^ 10, prince 11, 



proud 16, to put 28, to regard 17, rejoice 19, 
to remain 16, remnant 11, to remove 20, to be 
removed 11, to repair 10, to rest 17, reward 
16, riches 10, right 16, river 11, ruler 13, to 
run 14, scatter 12, to oe scattered 10, secret 
12, to set 40, to be set 13, to set up 18, to shake 
15, to shew 19, to shine 11, to shut 11, side 13, 
to be slain 14, slaughter 12, to slay 15, to smite 
12, sorrow 28, to s]jeak 22, speech 10, spoil 10, 
to spoil 16, to spread 15, to stay 14, to stop 10, 
strength 33, to strengthen 12, strong 26, sub- 
stance 14, to take 34, to take away 24, to be 
taken away 10, to tarry 16, to teach 10, to tell 
12, terror 10, that 16, these 16, think 12, this 
20, thought 11, through 11, thus 10, to 12, 
tremble 13, trouble 14, to trouble 12, to be 
troubled 14, truth 11, to turn 15, to turn aside 
10, to be turned 10, understanding 14, to utter 
15, to vex 16, to wait 10, wall 13, waste 10, to 
waste 10, when 12, where 13, which 11, wisdom 
12, with 18, within 12, without 12, word 10, 
work 15, wrath 10, yet 10, youth 11. 

To make afraid 8, ancient 8, army 8, ask 8, 
assembly 8, back 9, band 9, battle 8, beat 9, 
because of 8, to behold 9, bottom 8, break 
down 8, to be brought 9, burden 8, to be 
burned 8, cast down 9, cause 9, to charge 8, 
chariot 8, clean 8, come upon 8, commit 8, to 
compass 9, confirm 9, cry out 8, to cut 8, to 
dance 8, deceitful 8, deep 9, defence 8, to be 
delivered 9, destroyer 8, devoiir 9, to direct 9, 
to do 9, to be done 8, to draw 9, to drive 8, 
drive away 8, dry 8, edge 8, enemy 9, even 8, 
ever 8, excellency 8, except 8, fair 8, fall 
down 8, fat 8, favour 8, to feed 9, fellow 9, 
first 9, flame 9, folly 9, foolish 9, form 9, 
friend 9, fidl 9, to gather selves together 8, 
be glad 9, going 9, be gone 9, goods 8, grieve 
9, guide 8, heart 8, here 8, be hid 9, hole 8, 
honour 9, hope 9, image 9, increase 9, it 8, 
kill 9, lamb 9, to lament 9 to lay up 9, to 
leap 8, lift up self 8, to be lifted up 9, like 8, 
to be liked 8, line 8, little one 8, long 8, lord 
8, lying 8, majesty 8, manner 9, to melt 9, mis- 
chief 8, to mock 8, mourning 8, none 8, officer 

8, one 8, to open 9, oppressor 8, other 8, pain 

9, to part 8, path 9, perfect 9, to perform 8, 
to pervert 8, piece 9, plain 8, jiluck 8, pol- 
luted 9, possession 9, pray 9, precious 8, pre- 
serve 8, price 8, prison 9, prosper 9, pure 9, 
purpose 9, put away 9, put on 9, raise up 9, 
ready 8, receive 9, rejoicing 9, rest 8, return 

8, niin 8, to rule 9, to be sanctified 8, save 8, 
to say 8, search S, see 9, shame 9, sheep 8, to 
shoot 8, to shout 8, shut up 8, sv.\ 9, since 8, 
to sing 8, small 9, snare 9, son 8, sore 9, to 
sound 8, space 8, spring 8, staff 9, step 8, stir 
up 8, stranger 9, stream 9, strike 8, strive 9, 
stronghold 9, subdue 8, such 8, surely 8, sweet 

9, to be taken 8, tear 9, thick 8. 

The above are taken from amost useful book, 
entitled ' The Englishman's HebrewConcord- 
ance,' which only requires the insertion of the 
Hebrew Particles to make it a complete work. 

' The Biblfi Student's Guide,' by the Rev. 
W. Wilson, D.D., cannot be suiEciently com- 
mended as an accurate and elaborate Key to 
the mixed renderings of King James' Reviser* 



LAX RENDEIMGS OE KIJNU JMEtS' KEVISEKS. 



NATHAN, 'to give,' is rendered (in the Kal 
conjugation) by such words as: to add, 
apply, appoint, ascribe, assign, bestow, 
bring, bring forth^ cast, cause, _ charge, 
come, commit, consider, count, deliver, de- 
liver up, direct, distribute, fasten, frame, 
give, rive forth, give over, give up, gi'ant, 
hang, liang up, lay, lay to charge, lay up, 
leave, lend, let, let out, lift up, make, 
that, occu])y, offer, ordain, pay, perform, 
place, pom-, print, put, put forth, recom- 
pense, render, requite, restore, send, send 
out, set, set forth, shew, shoot forth, shoot 
up, strike, suffer, thrust, trade, turn, utter, 
woiUd God, yield; besides seventeen varie- 
ties in idiomatic renderings'=8i ! 

ASAH, 'to do,' f jw Kalj by: to accomplish, 
advance, appoint, to be at, bear, bestow, 
bring forth, oring to pass, bruise, be busy. 
have charge, commit, deal, deal with, deck, 
do, dress, execute, exercise, fashion, finish, 
fit, fulfil, furnish, gather, get, go about, 
govern, grant, hold, keep, labour, maintain, 
make ready, make, observe, offer, pare, 
perform, practise, prepare, procure, provide, 
put, require, sacrifice, serve, set, shew, 
spend, take, trim, work, yield; besides 
twenty idiomatic renderings=lA\ 

DABA^, 'a word,' is rendered by : act, ad- 
vice, affair, answer, anything, book, busi- 
ness, care, case, cause, certain rate, com- 
mandment, communication, coimael, de- 
cree, deed, due, duty, effect, errant, hurt, 
language, manner, matter, message, oracle, 
ought, parts, pertaining, portion, promise, 
proWsion, purpose, question, rate, reason, 
report, request, sake, saying, sentence, 
something to say, speech, talk, task, thing, 
thought, tidings, what, wherewith, whit, 
word, work; besides thirty-one idiomatic 
renderings==84 ! 

ANIM, 'face,' is rendered by: afore, afore- 
time, against, anger, at, because of, before, 
beforetime, countenance, edge, face, favour, 
fear of, for, forefront, forepart, foi-m, former 
time, forward, from, front, heaviness, it, as 
long as, looks, mouth, of, off, of old, old 
time, open, over-against, person, presence, 
prospect, was purposed, by reason of, right 
forth, sight, state, straight, through, till, 
time past, times past, to, toward, unto, 
upon, upside, with, within; besides forty- 
two idioinatic re7ideri7igs=94 ! 

SUM or SIM, 'to set,' is (in Kal J rendered 
by: appoint, bring, care, cast in, change, 
charge, commit, consider, convey, deter- 
mine, dispose, do, get, give, lieap up, hold, 
impute, De laid, lay, lay down, lay up, 
leave, look, be made, make, make out, 
mark, ordain, order, place, be placed, pre- 
serve, purijose, put, put on, rehearse, re- 
ward, set, cause to be set, set on, set uji, 
flhew, take, turn, worlc ; besides fourteen 
idiomatic r('nderings==59 ! 

8HUB, (inlliphil) 'to turn back,' is rendered 
by: to answer, cause to answer, bring, bring 
back, bring again, Ijriug home again, carry 
back, carry again, convert, deliver, deliver 
draw back, fetch home again, give 



again, hinder, let, pidl in again, put, put 
again, put up again, recall, recompense, 
recover, refresh, relieve, render, render 
again, be rendered, requite, rescue, restore, 
retrieve, return, cause to return, make to 
retiirn, reverse, reward, send back, set 
again, take back, take off, turn away, turn 
back, cause to turn, make to turn, with- 
draw; besides fifteen idiomatic renderings 
=60! 
NASAH, ' to lift up,' is (in Kal) rendered by: 
accept, arise, able to bear, bear up, be borne, 
bring, bring forth, burn, be burned, carry, 
carry away, cast, contain ease, exact, ex- 
alt, retch, forgive, go on, hold up, lade, be 
laid, lay, lift up, pluck up, marry, obtain, 
offer, pardon, raise, raise up, receive, re- 
gard, respect, set, set up, spare, stir up, 
suffer, take, take away, take up, wear, yield; 
besides four idiomatic renderings=45l 
OBAE, 'to pass over,' is (in Kal) rendered 
by: to alienate, be altered, come, come 
over, come on, be delivered, enter, escape, 
fail, get over, go, go away, go beyond, go 
by, go forth, go his way, go in, go on, go 
over, go through, be gone, have more, 
overcome, overpass, overpast, ovemm, 
pass, pass along, pass away, pass beyond, 
pass by, pass on, pass out. pass over, pass 
through, give passage, he past, perish, 
transgress; besides three idiomatic render- 
iw(73=42! 
RAB, 'many, much,' is rendered by: abound, 
abundance, abundant, captain, elder, com- 
mon, enough, exceedingly, full, great, great 
multitude, great man, great one, greatly, 
increase, long, long enough, manifold, 
many, many a time, do many, have many, 
many things, master, mighty, more, much, 
too much, very much, miiltiply, multitude, 
ofl&cer, plenteous, populous, prince, suffice, 
sufficient; besides seven idiomatic render- 
itig»=44l 
TOB, ' good,^ is rendered by : beautiful, best, 
better, bountiful, cheerful, at ease, fair, fair 
word, to favour, be in favour, liue, glad, 
good, good deed, goodlier, goodliest, goodly, 
goodness, tjoods, graciously, joyful, kindly, 
kindness, liketh, liketh best, loving, merry, 
pleasant, pleasure, precious, ]irosperity, 
ready, sweet, wealtli, welfare, well, to be 
well ; besides four idiomatic rcnderings=A\\ 
It would be easy to multiiily examples of lax 
renderings did space ])cnuit. The follo\ving 
are some tliat have been marked; e. g. 

Ahad by 2.3, Ahar -2^y, Ish 31, Al 36, Im 23, 
Amar 37, Aphes 23, Asher 27, Bo 32, Bin 20, 
Ben 20, Gam 20, Halak 36, Ze 21, Hul 27, 
Hazak 2;l Hai 22, Havil 26, Tob 37, Jad 36, 
Jada 36, Yom 32, Hatil) 28, Yalak '24, Jatza 
37, Ysh 31, Yashab 20, Ki 36, Kol 20, KaJah 
21, Lakah 20, Meod 21, Moed 20, Matza 22, 
Maneh 20, Mishpat 27, NatMli 21, Na].lial 20, 
Nepliesh 35, Sabab 20, Ad 22, Ou.l 26. Oulam 
24, AIM, Alah 37, Im 21. A mad 23, Anah 
20, Arak 20, Be 29, Banal i 20, i'agod 25, Qiim 
27, Qarah 24, Raah 32, Rosh 21, ITirbah 30, 
Ra 37, Shub 35, Shalom 28, Shillah 27, Sliilleh 
20, Shama 20. 



GENESIS. 



CflAP. 1. • IN the begiiiruQ;,' of God's pre- 
paring the heavens aud the earth—- the earth 
liath existed waste aud void, and darkness is 
on the face of the deep, and tlie Spirit of God 
liuttering on the face of the waters, •^ and 
God saith, ' Let light be ; ' and light is. 

*And God seefcli the light that it is good, 
aud God separatetli between the light and 
the darkness, ^ and God oalleth to the light 
'Day,' and to the darkness He hath called 
'Night;' and there is an evening, and tbei-e 
is a morning — day one. 

"Ajid God saith, 'Let an expanse be in 
the midst of tlie waters, and let ib be separ- 
ating between M'aters and waters.' ^ And 
God maketh the expanse, and it separateth 
between tlie waters whicli are imder the ex- 
panse, and the waters which are above the 
expanse: and it is so. ^And God calleth to 
tlie expanse ' Heavens ;' and there is an even- 
ing, and there is a morning — day second. 

''And God saith, 'Let the waters imder the 
heavens be collected unto one place, and let 
the dry land be seen:' and it is so. ^"And 
God calleth to the dryland 'Earth,' and to 
the collection of the waters He hath called 
'Seas ;' and God seeth that it is good. 

^1 And God saith, ' Let the earth yield 
tender grass, herb sowing seed, fruit-tree 
(whose seed is in itself) making fniit after its 
kind, on the eartli : ' aud it is so. i- Aud the 
earth briugeth forth tender gi-ass, herb sow- 
ing seed after its kind, aud tree making fruit 
(\vuose seed is in itseK) after its kind; and 
God seeth that it is good ; ^^ a,ud there is an 
evening, and there is a moruing — day third. 

^••And God saith, 'Let luminaries be in 
the expanse of the heavens, to make a sepa- 
ration between the day aud the night, then 
they have lieen for signs, and for seasons, 
and for days and years, ^^ and they have been 
for limiinaries in the expanse of the heavens 
bo give light upon the earth :' and it is so. 

J'' And God maketh the two gi-eat liunin- 
aries, the great luminary for the rule of the 
day, aud the small luminary — and the stars 
— for the rule of tlie night ; ^'' and God giveth 
them in the erijanse of the heavens to give 
light upon the earth, '^ jmfi to rule over day 
and over night, and to make a separation 
between tlie light and the darkness; and God 
seeth that it is good ; ^^ and there is an even- 
ing, and there is a morning — day fourth. 

^^ And God saith, ' Let the waters teem 
with the teeming living creature, and fowl let 
tlv on the earth on the face of the expanse 
ot the heavens.' ^i And God prep.areth the 



gi-eat monsters, aud every living creature that 
is creeping, Avliich the waters have teemed 
with, after their land, and every fowl with 
\ving, after its kind, aud God seeth that it is 
good. ^^ And God blessetli them, saying, ' Be 
fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in 
the seas, and the fowl let multiply in the 
earth:' "^and there is an evening, aud there 
is a morning — day fifth. 

" And God saith, ' Let the earth bring forth 
the living creature after its kind, cattle and 
creeping thiua and beast of the earth after 
its kind:' and it is so. "'And God maketh 
the beast of the earth after its kind, and the 
cattle after then- Idnd, and every creeping 
thing of the ground after its kind, and Goa 
seeth that it is good. 

-"And God saith, 'Let Us make man in 
Our image, according to Our likeness, and let 
them rule over fish of the sea, and over fowl 
of the heavens, and over cattle, and over al] 
the earth, and over every creeping thing that 
is creepino; on the earth. 

"^ And God preiiareth the man in His image ; 
in the image of God He prepared him, a male 
and a female He prepared them. 

-^ And God blesseth them, and God saith 
to them, ' Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill 
the earth, and subdue it, and rule over fish of 
the sea, and over fowl of the heavens, and 
over every living thing that is creeping upon 
the earth.' 

-8 And God saith, ' Lo, I have given to you 
every herb sowing seed, which is upon the 
face of all the earth, and every tree in whicli 
is the fruit of a tree sowing seed, to you it is 
for food; ^'^ and to every beast of the earth, 
and to every fowl of the heavens, and to every 
creeping thing on the earth, in which is breatn 
of life, every green herb is for food:' and it ip 
so. 

31 And God seeth all that He hath done, 
and lo, very good ; and there is an evening, 
and there is a morning — day the sixth. 

II. 1 And the heavens and the earth are 
completed, and all their host ; - and God 
comi)leteth by the seventh day His work 
which He hath made, and ceaseth by the 
seventh day from all His work which He hath 
made. 

2 And God blesseth the seventh day, and 
sanctifieth it, for in it He hath ceased from 
all His work which God had prepared for 
making. 

* THESE are births of the heavens and of 
the earth in their being i^repared, in the day 
of JeKovah God's making earth and heavena ; 
J 



77te garden of Eden, 



II. 5. -GENESIS. —III. 2i. 



Tlie fall of vtan 



* and no shrub of the field is yet in the earth, 
and no licrb of the field yet spronteth, for 
Jehovah God hath not rained upon the earth, 
and a man there is not to serve the ground. 
^ and a mist fcoeth u]) from tlie earth, and 
hath watered the whole face of the .t,Tound. 

''And Jehovah God fonneth the man- 
dust from the gi'ouud, and breatheth into his 
nostrils breath of life, and the man becometh 
a liviu.u' creature. 

8 And Jehovah God plantetli a garden in 
Eden, at the east, and He setteth there the 
man whom He hath formed ; "and Jehovah 
God causeth to sprout from the ground every 
tree desirable for appearance, and good for 
food, and the tree of life in the midst of the 
garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and 
evil. 

^^ And a river is going out from Eden to 
water the garden, and from thence it is part- 
ed, and hath become four chief rivers; '' the 
name of the one is Pison, it is that which is 
surrounding the whole land of the Havilah 
where the gold is, '^ and the gold of that land 
is good, there is the bdolach and the shoham 
stone ; ^'^ and the name of the second river is 
Gibon, it is that which is surrounding the 
whole land of Gush ; ^■*aud the name of the 
third river is Hiddekel, it is that which is go- 
ing east of Asshur ; and tlie fom-th river is 
Phrat. 

1^ And Jehovah God taketh the man, and 
causeth him to rest in the garden of Eden, to 
serve it, and to keep it. 

^'' And Jehovah God layeth a charge on the 
man, saying, ' Of every tree of the garden 
eating thou dost eat ; ^'' and of the tree of 
knowledge of good and evil, thou dost not eat 
of it, for in the day of thine eating of it — 
dying thou dost die.' 

i^And Jehovah God saith, 'Not good for 
the man to ])e alone, 1 do make to him an 
helper — as his counterpart.' 

i^And Jehovah God formetli from the 
pi'ound every beast of the field, and every 
fowl of the heavens, and l)ringeth in unto 
the man, to see what he doth call it; and 
whatever the man calleth a living creature, 
that is its name. ""And the man calleth 
names to all the cattle, and to fowl of the 
heavens, and to every beast of the field; and 
to man liatli not been found an helper — as his 
cotinterpart. 

^'And Jehovah God causeth a dee]) sle-ej^ 
to fall ui]on the man, and he sleei)eth, and He 
taketh one of his ribs, and closeth up flesh in 
its stead. 

''^ And Jehovah God bnildcth u]) the rib 
which He liath taken out of the man into a 
woman, and bringeth her in unto the man ; 
^ and the man saith, ' Tliis is the proper step ! 
bone of my bone, and flesh of my flesh!' 
for this it is called Woman, for from a 
man hath tliis been taken ; '-^therefore doth a 
man leave his father and his mother, and hath 
cleaved unto his wife, and thev have become 
one flesh. ^^ Aiul tliey are both of them 
naked, the man and his wife, and they are 
not ashamed of tliemselves. 

III. 'AND tlie serjjcnt liath been subtile 
above every beast of tlie field wliieh Jeliovah 
2 



God hath made, and he saith unto tlie woman, 
' Is it true that God hath said, Ye do not eat 
of every ti'ce of the garden ?' 

-And the woman saith unto the serpent, 
' Of the fruit of the trees of the garden we do 
eat, 3 and of the fruit of the tree which w in 
the midst of tlie garden God hath said, Yo 
do not eat of it, nor touch it, lest ve die.' 

^Aud the serpent saith unto the woman, 
'Dying, ye do not die, ^for God doth know 
that in the day of your eating of it — your 
eyes have been opened, and ve have been a,a 
God, knowing good and evil.' 

"And the woman seetli that the tree ia 
good for food, and that it is pleasant to the 
eyes, and the tree is desirable to make one 
wise, and she taketh of its fruit and eateth. 
and giveth also to her husband with her, and 
he doth eat; "and the eyes of them both 
arc opened, and tliey know that they a»*e 
nakect, and they sew fig-leaves, and make to 
themselves girdles. 

^ And they hear the sound of Jehovah God 
walking up and down in the garden at the 
breeze of tlie day, and the man and his wife 
hide themselves from the face of Jeliovah 
God in the midst of the trees of the garden. 

^ And Jehovah God calletli unto the man, 
and saith to him, ' 'W^ierc ru'< thou ? ' ^^and 
he saith, 'Thy sound I have heard in the 
garden, and I am afraid, for I am naked, and 
I hide myself.' 

11 And He saith, '"Who hath declared to 
thee that thou arl naked? of the tree of 
which I have commanded thee not to eat, 
hast thou eaten ?' i- and the man saith, 'The 
woman whom Thou didst place with me — she 
hath given to me of the tree — and I do eat.' 

13 And Jeliovah God saith to the woman, 
''Wliat is this thou hast done?' and the wo- 
man saith, 'The serpent hath caused me to 
forget — and 1 do cat. 

"And Jehovah God saith unto the serjient, 
'Because thou hast done this, cursed «?•< thoii 
above all the cattle, and above every beast 
of the field: on thy belly dost thou go, and 
dust thou dost cat, all days of thy life; I'aud 
enmity I put between thee and the woman, 
and between thy seed and her seed; he dotli 
bruise thee — the head, and thou dost bruise 
him — the heel.' 

i^Unto the woman Ho said. 'Multiplying 
1 multiply thy sorrow and thy conception, 
in sorrow do.st thou bear children, and to- 
ward thy husband is thy desire, and he dotli 
rule over thee.' 

i"And to tlie man He said, ' Because tlion 
ha.st hearkened to the voice of thy ^\^fe, and 
dost eat of the tree concerning which I liavo 
charged thee, saying. Thou dost not eat of it, 
cursed is the ground on thine account : in 
sorrow thou dost eat of it all davs of thy life, 
'■''and thorn and l>i-ainble it doth bring fortJi 
to thee, and thou hast eaten tlie herb of the 
field; I'^by the sweat of thy face thou dost 
eat bread till thy return unto the ground, for 
out of it hast thou been taken, for dust thou 
art, and unto <lust thou tnrnest f)ack.' 

'-'"And the man calleth his wife's name Eve: 
for she hath been mother of all living. 

'-' And Jehovah God doth make to the man 



Cai?i and AbeL 



ni. 22.— GENESIS.— V 18. 



Birllis of A dcum. 



and to his wife coats of skin, and doth clothe 
them. 

^^And Jehovah God saith, 'Lo, the man 
was as one of Us, as to the knowledge of 
good and evil; and now, lest he send forth 
his hauil, and have taken also of the tree of 
life, and eaten, and lived to the ac;e,'—"'' Je- 
hovah God sendeth him forth from the garden 
of Eden to serve the gi'ovmd from which he 
hath been taken; -^yea, he casteth out the 
man, and causeth to dwell at the east of the 
garden of Eden the cherubs and the llame of 
the sword which is tm-niug itself roimd to 
guard the way of the tree of life. 

rV. ^ AND the man knew Eve his wife, and 
she conceiveth and beareth Cain, and saith, 
' I have gotten a man by Jehovah ; ' - and 
she addeth to bear his brother, even Abel. 
And Abel is feeding a flock, and Cain hath 
been servant of the gi'oimd. 

3 And it cometh to pass at the end of days 
that Cain bringeth from the frmt of the 
gi'ound a present to Jehovah ; ■* and Abel, 
he hath brought, he also, from the female 
tiiv'tlings of his flock, even from their fat 
ones; and Jehovah looketh imto Abel and 
ujito his present, ^and imto Cain and unto 
his present He hath not looked; and it is 
very displeasing to Cain, and his coimtenance 
is fallen. 

"And Jehovah saith unto Cain, ' VVliy hast 
thou displeasure? and why hath thy counte- 
nance fallen? "Is there not, if thou dost 
well, acceptance? and if thou dost not well, 
at the opening a sin-offering is croiichiug, and 
unto thee its desire, and thou rulest over it.' 

^And Cain saith imto Abel his brother, 
* Let us go into tlie. field, -^ and it cometh to 
pass in their being in the Meld, that Cain 
liseth up against Abel his brother, and slay- 
eth him. 

"And Jehovah saith unto Cain, 'Where is 
Abel thy brother?' and he saith, 'I have 
not kno'wn ; my brother's keeper — I?' 

"And He saith, 'What hast thou done? 
the voice of thy brother's blood is crying 
unto ]\Ie from the gi-oimd ; ^^ and now, 
cm-sed art thou from the groimd, which hath 
opened her mouth to receive the blood of thy 
brother from thy hand ; ^^ when thou tillest 
the ground, it doth not add to give its 
strength to thee — a wanderer, even a trem- 
bling one, thou art in the earth.' 

'■^And Cain saith imto Jehovah, 'Greater 
is my punishment than to be borne ; ■'^ lo. 
Thou hast driven me to-day from off the face 
of the gi'ouud, and from Thy face I am hid ; 
and I have been a wanderer, even a trem- 
bling one, in the earth, and it hath been — 
every one finding me doth slay me.' 

^^ And Jehovah saith to him, ' Therefore 
— of any slayer of Cain sevenfold it is re- 
quired ;' and Jehovah settetli to Cain a token 
that none finding him doth slay him. 

I'^Aud Cain goeth out from before Jehovah, 
and dwelleth in the land, mo\'iug about east 
of Eden ; "'And Cain knoweth his wife, and 
she conceiveth, and beareth Euofh ; and he 
is building a city, and he calleth the name of 
the city, according to the name of his son — 
Enoch. 



1** And born to Enoch is Irad ; and Irad hath 
begotten Mehujacl; and Mehujael hath 1)g- 
gotten Methusael; and Methusael hath be- 
gotten Lamcch. 

1'' And Lamech taketh to himself two wives, 
the name of the one Adah, and the name ol 
the second Zillah. 

-"And Adah beareth Jabal, he hath been 
father of those inhabiting tents and purchased 
possessions ; -^ and the name of his brother 
is Jubal, he hath been father of every one 
handling harp and organ. 

-- And Zillah she also bare Tubal-Cain, au 
instructor of every artificer in brass and iron ; 
and a sister of Tubal-Cain is Naamah. 

^ And Lamech saith to his wives : — 
' Adah and Zillah, hear my voice ; 
Wives of Lamech, give ear to my saying; 
For a man I have slain for my woimd, 
Even a yoimg man for my hiu-t ; 

-•' For sevenfold is required for Cain, 
And for Lamech seventy and sevenfold.' 

-^And Adam again Icnoweth his wife, anj 
she beareth a son, and calleth his name Seth, 
' for God hath appointed for me another seed 
instead of Abel : for Cain had slain him. 

^ And to Seth, to him also a son hath been 
bom, and he calleth his name Enos ; then a 
beginning was made of preaching in the name 
of Jehovah. 

V. ^THIS is au account of the births of 
Adam : In the day of God's preparing man, 
in the likeness of God He hath made him ; 
''a male and a female He hath prepared 
them, and He blesseth them, and calleth their 
name Man, in the day of their being prepared. 

'^ And Adam livetli an hundred and thirty 
years, and begetteth a son in his likeness, 
according to his image, and calleth his name 
Seth. ■'And the days of Adam after his beget- 
ting Seth are eight hundi-ed years, and ho be- 
getteth sons and daughters. ^Aud all tlie 
days of Adam which he lived are nine hun- 
dred and thirty years, and he dieth. 

^ And Seth liveth an hundred and five years, 
and begetteth Enos. '' And Seth liveth after 
his begettiim Enos eight himcb-ed and seven 
years, and i)egetteth sons aud_ daughters. 
'And all the days of Seth are nine hundred 
and twelve years, and he dieth. 

" And Enos liveth ninety years, and beget- 
teth Cainan. i" And Enos liveth after nis 
begetting Cainan eight himdi'ed and fifteen 
years, and begetteth sons and daughters. 
" And all the days of Enos are uiue himdred 
and five years, and he dieth. 

^- And Cainan liveth seventy years, and be- 
getteth Mahalaleel. ^^Aud Cainan livetli 
after his begetting Mahalaleel ei^ht huncb-ed 
and forty years, and begetteth sons and 
daughters. "And all the days of Cainan 
are nine hundred and ten years, and he 
dieth. 

i^And Mahalaleel liveth five and sixty 
years, and begetteth Jared. ^^And Mahala- 
leel liveth after his begetting .Tared eight 
hundred and thirty years, and begettetli sons 
and daughters. ^^ And all the days of Maha- 
laleel are eight hundred and ninety and five 
years, and he dieth. 

IS And Jared liveth an himdred and sixty 
3 



The depravity of the world. 



V. 19.— GENESIS.— VII. 11. 



Noah invited into the ark. 



Rnd two years, and bcjietteth_ Enoch. ^'•' And 
•Tared livcth after bis begettius Enoch eight 
huudi'ed years, and bcgctteth sons and daugh- 
ters. -•'And all the davs of Jared arc nine 
hundred and sixty and two years, and he 
dieth. 

-1 And Enoch liveth five and sixty years, 
and bcgetteth Methuselah. -"And Enoch 
valketh hal^itually with God after his be- 
getting Methuselah tln'cc hundred years, 
and bcgetteth sons and daugliters. "''And 
all tlie days of Enoch are tliree hundred 
and sixty and five yeans. -'•And Enoch 
walkcth habitually ^vith God, and he is not, 
for God hath taken him. 

-•''Aud Methuselah livcth an hundred and 
eighty and seven years, and bcgetteth La- 
)nech. -''And Methuselah liveth after his 
begetting Laraech seven Imndrcd and eighty 
and two years, and ])egetteth sons and daugh- 
tei-s. -'" And all the days of Methuselah are 
nine liundi-ed aiul sixty and nine years, and 
lie dieth. 

'■^^ And Lamcch liveth an lumdred and eighty 
and two years, and 1 >egetteth a son, -'' and eall- 
eth his name Noah, saying, 'This one doth 
comfort us concerning oiir work, and concern- 
ing the labour of om- hands, because of the 
ground which Jehovah liath cursed.' ^"Aud 
Lamecli liveth after his begetting Noah five 
lumdred and ninety and five years, and bc- 
getteth sons aud daughters. •*' And all the 
days of Lamech are seven hundred and seventy 
and seven years, and he dieth. 

•*" And Noah is a son of five hundred years, 
and Noah bcgetteth Shem, Ham, and Ja- 
pheth. 

VI. ' AND it Cometh to pass that mankind 
have begun to multiply on the face of the 
ground, and daughters have been boi'u to 
them, - and sons of God see the daughters of 
men that they are fair, and they take to 
themselves women of all wliom they have 
chosen. 

''And Jehovah saith, 'My Spirit doth not 
strive in man — to the age ; in their erring they 
aiv ilesli : ' and his days have been an liundi'cd 
aud twenty years. 

•*The fallen ones were in the earth in thosr 
days, aud even afterwards when sons of God 
come in unto daughters of men, and they have 
borne to them -they are the lieroes, who, 
from of old, air. the men of nanac. 

''And Jehovah seeth tliat abundant is the 
wickedness of man in the eartli, and evei-y 
imagination of tlie thonglits of his heart only 
evil all the day ; '' aud Jehovah rejienteth that 
lie hatli made man in the earth, aud He 
gi'ieveth Himself — unto His heart. "And Je- 
hovah saitl), 'I wipe away man wlu)m I have 
prepared from olF tne face of the ground, from 
man unto beast, unto creei)iug thing, aud unto 
fowl of the heavens, for Iliave rcjtcntcd that 
1 have made them.' ''And Noah foimd grace 
in tlie eyes of .leliovah. 

^ These arc birtlis of Noah : Noah is a righte- 
ous man; iierfect he hath bc(!n among his 
generations; with (4od hatli Noah walked 
abitually. ^" A iid Noah bcgetteth three sous, 
Shem, Ham, ;iiid .Tajiheth. 

"And the eaitii is corrupt before God, aud 
4 



the earth is filled with violence. ^''And God 
seeth the earth, and lo, it hath been cor- 
rupted, for all llesli hath corrupted its way 
on the earth. ^^And God saul to Noab, 
'An end of all flesh hath come before Me, 
for the earth hath been full of vnolence from 
their presence ; aud lo, I am destroying them 
^\^th tlie earth. 

'■•'Make for thyself an ark of gopher- 
wood ; rooms dost thou make with tlie ark, 
and thou hast covered it witliin and without 
with cyjiress ; ''and this /.t that wliicli thou 
dost with it : three hundred cubits is the 
length of the ark, fifty cubits its breadth, 
and thirty cid)its its height ; ^^ a window 
dost thou make for tlie ark, and unto a cu- 
bit thou dost restrain it from above ; and 
tlie ojieniug of the ark thou dost put in its 
side, — lower, second, and third s(v7'ies dost 
thou make it. 

1'' ' And I, lo, I am bringing in the deluge of 
waters on the earth to destroy all flesh, in 
which is a living spirit, from under the hea- 
vens ; all that is in the earth doth expire. 

^8 'And 1 have established My covenant 
with thee, and thou hast come iu iirito the 
ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, aud 
thy son's Avives ^^ath thee ; '^and of all that 
liveth, of all flesh, two of every sort thou 
dost bring iu unto the ark, to keep alive Axnth 
thee ; male and female are they. -" Of the 
fowl after its kind, and of tlie cattle after 
their kind, of every creeping thing of the 
ground after its land, two of every sort they 
come in unto thee, to keep alive. 

-I'And thou, take to thyself of all food 
that is eaten ; and thou hast gathered unto 
thyself, and it hath liecn to thee and to them 
for food.' -"And Noah doth according to all 
that God hath commanded him ; so hath he 
done. 

VII. 1 AND Jehovah saith to Noah, 'Come 
in, thou and all thy house, unto the ark, for 
thee I have seen righteous before Me iu this 
generation ; ^ of all the clean beasts tliou 
dost take to thee seven pairs, a male and its 
female; and of the licasts which are not 
clean two, a male and its female; ^also, of 
fowl of the heavens seven pairs, a male and 
a female, to keep alive seed on the f.ace of 
all the earth ; ■• for after other seven days I 
am sending rain on the earth forty days and 
forty nights, and have wiped away all the 
substance that I have made from olf the face 
of the ground.' 

•''And Noah dotli according to all that 
Jehovah hatli eommauded him: "and Noah 
is a sou of six liundred years, and the deluge 
of waters hatli been upon the earth. 

"And Noah goeth in, and liis sous, and hia 
wife, and his sous' wives witli him, unto the 
ark, from the presence of the waters of the 
deluge ; * of the clean lieasts and of the 
beasts tliat are not clean, aud of the fowl, 
and of every tiling that is creciiing ujion tlio 
ground, -'two by two ilu'y have come in unto 
No.ah. unto (lie ark, .-i male and a female, as 
God hatli coiiinianded Noah. '" And it cometh 
to pass, after the seventli of the <lays, tlvat 
waters of tlie deluge have been on the earth. 

'' In the SIX huudi'edth year of the life of 



The Deluge. 



vii. 12.— GENESIS.— IX. 7. 



Noali'a Sacrifice. 



Noah, in the second month, in the seven- 
teenth (hiy of the month, iu this day liave 
been liroken up all fountains of tlie UTcat 
deep, and the net-work of the licavcns hath 
been opened, ^-aud the shower is on the 
eartli forty days and forty nights. 

'^ In this self-same day went in Noah, and 
5hem, and Ham, and Japheth, sons of Noali, 
and Noah's \nie and the three wives of his 
sons with them, unto the ark; "they, and 
every living creature after its kind, and every 
beast after its Idnd, and every creeping thing 
that is creeping on tlie earth after its kind, 
and every fowl after its kind, every bird — 
every wing. ^^ And they come in iinto Noah, 
nnto tlie ark, two by two of all the Hesh in 
vvliich is a living spirit ; ^^ and they that are 
coming in, male and female of all rfesli, have 
come in as God liath commanded liim, and 
Jeliovah doth close it for liim. 

i''And the deluge is forty days on the 
earth, and the waters multi]ily, and lift up 
the ark, and it is raised \\\\ from off the 
eai-th ; ^^ and the waters arc mighty, and 
multiply exceedingly uj^on the eaiiih ; and 
the arli goeth on the face of the waters. 

'" And the waters liave been very very 
mighty on the earth, and covered are all the 
high mountains which are under the whole 
heavens ; -" fifteen cubits u]iwards have the 
waters become mighty, and the mountains 
are covered ; -^ and expire doth all tlesh 
that is moving on the earth, among fowl, 
and among cattle, and among beasts, and 
among all the teeming things which are teem- 
ing on the earth, and all mankind; --all in 
whose nostrils is breath of a living spirit 
— of all that is iu the dry land — have died. 

-•* And wiped away is all the substance that 
is on the face of the ground, from man unto 
beast, unto creeiiing thing, and unto fowl of 
the heavens ; yea they are mjied away from 
the earth, and only Noah is left, and those 
who are with liim in the ark ; -•'and the 
waters are mighty on the earth a himdred 
and fifty days. 

VIII. 1 AND God remembereth Noah, and 
every living thing, and all the cattle which 
are with him iu the ai-k, and God causeth a 
wind to pass over the earth, and the waters 
subside, -and closed are the fountains of 
the deep and the net-work of the heavens, and 
restrained is the shower from the heavens. 

^ And turn back do the waters from off the 
earth, going on and returning; and the waters 
are lacking at the end of a himdred and fifty 
days. 

* And the ark resteth, in the seventh month, 
in the seventeenth day of the month, on 
mountains of Ararat ; ^ and the waters have 
been going and becoming lacking till the 
tenth month ; in the tenth month, on the 
first of the month, appeared the heads of the 
mountains. 

* And it cometh to pass, at the end of forty 
days, that Noah openeth the ^vindow of the 
ark which he made, ^and he sendeth fortli 
the raven, and it goeth out, going out and 
turning back till the drying of the waters 
from off the earth. 

*And he sendeth forth the dove from 



him to see wlicthcr the waters have been 
lightened from oil the face of tlio ground, 
*• and the dove hath not found rest for the 
sole of her foot, and she turneth back unto 
him, unto the ark, for waters are on the face 
of all the earth, and he putteth out his hand, 
and taketh her, and bringeth her in imto him, 
luito the ark. 

1'^ And lie stayeth yet other seven days, and 
addeth to send forth the dove from the ark , 
11 and the dove cometh in unto him at even- 
time, and lo, an olive leaf torn oil in her 
mouth ; and Noah knoweth that the waters 
have been lightened from off the earth. 
1- And he stayeth yet other seveu days, and 
sendeth forth the dove, and it added not to 
tiu'n back unto liim any more. 

!•' And it cometh to pass in the six hundredth 
and first yoai', in the first month, iu the first 
of the mouth, the waters have been cb-ied from 
off the earth; and Noah tiu-neth aside the 
covering of the ark, and looketh, and lo, the 
face of the gi-ound hath been dried. ^* And 
iu the second month, in the seven and twenti- 
eth day of the month, the earth hath become 
dry. 

i°And God speakctli imto Noah, s.aying, 
' Go out from the ark, thou, and thy wife, 
and thy sons, and thy sons' wives with thee ; 
1" every living thing that is with thee, of all 
flesh, among fowl, and among cattle, and 
among every creeping thing which is creeping 
on the earth, bring out with thee ; i'' and they 
have teemed in the earth, and been fruitful, 
and have multiplied on the earth.' 

i^And Noah goeth out, and his sons, and 
Ids wife, and his sons' wives with him ; i'' every 
beast, every creeping thing, and every fowl ; 
every creeping thing ou the earth, after their 
families, have goue out from the ark. 

-"And Noah biiildcth an altar to Jehovah, 
and taketh of every clean beast, and of every 
clean fowl, and causeth biu-nt-offerings to as- 
cend on the altar; -i and Jehovah smelleth 
the sweet fragrance, and Jehovah saith unto 
His heart, 'I continue not to disesteem any 
niore the ground because of man, though the 
imagination of the heart of man is evil from 
his youth; and I continue not to smite any 
more all living, as I have done ; -- during aE 
days of the earth, seed-time and harvest, and 
cold and heat, and summer and winter, and 
day and night, do not cease.' 

IX. lAND God blesseth Noah, and his 
sons, and saith to them, ' Be fruitful, and 
multiply, and fill the earth; -and your fear 
and yom" dread is on every beast of tne earth, 
and on every fowl of the heavens, on all that 
creepeth on the ground, and on all fishes of 
the sea^ — into your hand they have been given. 
^ Every creeping thing that is alive, to you it 
is for food ; as the green herb I have given to 
you the whole; ''only flesh in its life— ita 
blood — ye do not eat. 

® 'And only your blood for yotir lives do I 
require ; from the hand of every living thing 
I require it, and from the hand of man, from 
the hand of every man's brother I require the 
life of man ; " whoso sheddeth man's blood, 
by man is his blood shed : for in the image or 
God hath He made man. ''And ye, be fruit- 
5 



God's covenant icith Noalu 



IX. S.— GENESIS.— XI. 2. 



Births of Noah, 



fill ,in(T multiply, teem ia the earth, and mul- 
tiply in it.' 

^And God spcahcth unto Noah, and unto 
his sons ■with him, saying, •' ' And I, lo, I am 
cstahlishin,;^ My covenant with you, and \vitli 
your seed after yon, i"* and with every livin.;^ 
creatiire which is with you, among fowl, 
among cattle, and among every beast of the 
earth with you, from all who are going out of 
tlie ark — to every beast of the earth. ^^ And 
I liave established My covenant with yon, 
and all llesli is not any more cut off by waters 
of a deluge, and there is not any more a de- 
luge to destroy the eartli.' 

I'^And God saitli, 'This is a token of the 
covenant which I am giving between Mo and 
yon, and e\'ery living creature that is ■with 
you, to generations age-during ; ^^ My bow I 
have given in the cloud, and it hath been for 
a token of a covenant between Me and the 
earth ; ^■* and it hath come to pass (in My 
sending a cloud over the earth) tliat the bow 
hath been seen in the cloud, ^^ and I have re- 
membered My covenant which is between Me 
and you, and every liv-ing creature among all 
fiesli, and the waters become no more a deluge 
to destroy all flesh ; ^'' and the bow hath been 
in the cloud, and I have seen it — to remember 
the covenant age-during between God and 
every li^'ing creature among all flesh which is 
on the earth.' 

^''And God saith imto Noah, 'This is a 
token of the covenant which I have establish- 
ed between Me and all flesh that is upon the 
earth.' 

18 And the sons of Noah who are going out 
of the ark are Shem, and Ham, and Japheth; 
and Ham is father of Canaan. ^^ These three 
are sons of Noah, and from these hath all the 
earth been overspread. 

"" And Noah remaineth a man of the ground, 
and planteth a vdneyard, -^ and drinketh of 
the ^vine, and is drunken, and uncovereth 
himself in the midst of the tent. -- And Ham, 
father of Canaan, seeth the nakedness of his 
father, and declareth to his two brethren 
without. -^ And Shem takcth— Japheth also 
— the garment, and they place on the shoul- 
der of them both, and go backward, and 
cover the nakedness of their father; and their 
faces are backward, and their father's naked- 
ness they have not seen. 

-■'And Noah awakcth from his wine, and 
kno^vveth that which his young son hath done 
to him, -'' and saith : 
' Cursed is Canaan, 
Servant of servants he is to his brethren.' 

"" And he saith : 
' Blessed of Jehovah my God is Shem, 
And Canaan is servant to him. 

^ God doth give beauty to Japheth, 
And he dwelletli in tents of Shem, 
And Canaan is servant to him.' 

**And Noah liveth after the deluge three 
hundred and fifty years ; -" and all the days 
of Noah are niiK! hundred and fifty years, and 
he dicth. 

X. 1 And these are births of the sons of 
Noah, Sliem, Ham, and .Japheth ; and born to 
tlicm are sons after the deluge. 

"Sons of Japlietli are Gomer, and Magog, 
G 



and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and 
Moshech, and Tiras. *And sons of Gomer 
are Ashkenaz, and Kiphath, and Togannah. 
•'And sons of Javan acf Elishah, and Tarshisli, 
Kittim, and Dodanim. •'"'By these have the 
isles of the nations l)een parted in their lands, 
each by his tongue, by their families, in their 
nations. 

"And sons of Ham are Cush, and Mitzraim, 
and Plmt, and Canaan. "And sons of Cush 
are Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and 
Raamah, and Sabtechah ; and sons of Raamah 
are Sheba and Dcdan. 

8 And Cush hath begotten Nimrod ; ^ he 
hath begun to be a hero in the laud ; he hath 
been a hero in hunting before Jehovah; there- 
fore it is said, 'As Nimrod the hero in hunt- 
ing before Jehovah.' I'^And the first part of 
his kingdom is Babel, and Ereeli, and Accad, 
and Calneh, in the land of Shinar ; ^^ from 
that land he hath gone out to Asshur, and 
bmldeth Nineveh, even the broad places of 
the city, and Calah, '"and Resen, between 
Nineveh and Calah ; it is the great city. 

'^And Mitzraim hath begotten the Ludim, 
and the Anamim, and tlie Lehabim, and the 
Nai>htuhim, '•'and the Pathrusini, and the 
Casluliim, (whence have come out Philistim,) 
and the Ca|;ihtorim. 

'5 And Canaan hath begotten Sidon his 
first-born, and Heth, '" and the Jebusite, and 
the Amorite, and the Girgashite, '"and tho 
Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, '^and 
the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and tho 
Hamathite; and afterwards have the families 
of the Canaanite been scattereth 

I'' And the border of the Canaanite is from 
Sidon, in thy coming towards Gerar, unto 
Gaza; in thy coming towards Sodom, and 
Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zelioim, \mto 
Lasha. ™ These are sons of Ham, by their 
families, by their tongues, in their lands, in 
their nations. 

-'As to Shem, father of all sons of Eber, 
brother of Japheth the elder, he hath also 
begotten : 

--Sons of Shem are Elam, and Asshur, and 
Arphaxad, and TiUd, and Aram. '-"-'And sons 
of Aram are Uz, and Ihil, and Gcthcr, and 
Alash. -•'And Ariihaxad hath begotten Sa- 
1 ah, and Salah hath begotten Eber. -'And 
to Eber have two sons been born ; the name 
of the one is Peleg (for in his days hath the 
earth been divided), and his brother's name 
is Joktan. -"And Joktan hath begotten Al- 
modad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and 
Jerah, -"and Hadoram. and Uzal, and Dik- 
lah, "-^and Obal. and Abimael. and Sheba, 
-•'and Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab; .all 
these are sous of Joktan ; ^^ and their dwell- 
ing is from Mcsha, in thy coming towards 
Sepliar, a mount of the cast. ■*' These are 
sons of Shem, by their families, by their 
tongues, in their lands, by their nations. 

^^These are families of the sons of Noah, 
by their births, in tlieir nations, and by these 
liave the nations been parted in tho earth 
after the deluge. 

XI. ' AND the whole earth is of one pro- 
nunciation, and of the same words, ^ and it 
Cometh to pass, in their journeying from the 



The confusion of tongiies. 



XT. 3.— GENESIS.— XII. 16. 



The call of Abram.. 



east, that tlicy find .1 v.illcy in the land of 
Sliiuar, and dwell there ; ^and they say each 
one to his noigldHMir, 'Give help, let lis make 
bricks, and hnrn them thoroughly:' and the 
brick is to them for stone, and the bitu- 
men hath been to them for mortal-. ■'And 
they say, 'Give help, let us build for our- 
selves a city and tower, and its head in the 
heavens, and make for ourselves a name, lest 
we be scattered over the face of all the 
earth.' 

^ And Jehovah cometh down to see the city 
and the tower which the sous of men have 
biiilded ; " and Jehovah saith, ' Lo, the people 
Is one, and one pronunciation Is to them all, 
and this it hath dreamed of doinp; ; and now, 
nothing is restrained from them of that which 
they have piirposed to do. '' Give help, let Us 
go down, and mingle there theu" pronuncia- 
tion, so that a man doth not understand the 
pronunciation of his companion.' 

^And Jeliovah doth scatter them from 
thence o\ev the face of all the earth, and 
they cease to build the city ; ^ therefore hath 
one called its name Babel, for there hatli 
Jehovah mingled the prommciation of all the 
eartli, and from thence hath Jehovah scat- 
tered them over the face of all the earth. 

^^ These are births of Shem : Shem is a sou 
of an hundred years, and begetteth Ar- 
phaxad two years after the deluge. i^And 
Shem livetli after his begetting Arphaxad 
five hundred years, and begetteth sons and 
daughters. 

^-And Arphaxad hath lived five and thirty 
years, and begetteth Salah. i-' And Arphaxacl 
liveth after his begetting Salah four hun- 
dred and three years, and begetteth sous and 
daughters. 

^■'And Salah hath lived thirty years, and 
begetteth Eber. ^^^^^^ Salah liveth after 
his begetting Eber fom- huucb-ed and three 
years, and begetteth sons and daughters. 

i''And Eber liveth foxir and thirty years, 
and iDcgetteth Peleg. i'' And Eber liveth after 
his begetting Peleg four himdred and thirty 
years, and begetteth sous and daughters. 

'^And Peleg liveth thirty years, and be- 
getteth Reu. 13 And Peleg liveth after his 
begetting Reu two hundred and nine years, 
and begetteth sons and daughters. 

-" And Reu liveth two and thirty years, 
and begetteth Serii^. "'And Reu liveth 
after his begetting Serug two hundred and 
seven years, and begetteth sons and daughters. 

"And Serug liveth thirty years, and be- 
getteth Nahor. -^And Serug liveth after 
his begetting Nahor two hundred years, and 
begetteth sons and daughters. 

^ And Nahor liveth nine and twenty years, 
and begetteth Terah. -■''And Nahor liveth 
after his begetting Terah an hundred and 
nineteen years, and begetteth sons and daugh- 
ters. 

-^ And Terah liveth seventy years, and be- 
getteth Abram, Nahor, and Haran. 

■■^And these are births of Terah: Terah 
hath begotten Abram, Nahor, and Haran; 
and Haran hath begotten Lot ; -^ and Haran 
dieth in the presence of Terah his father, in 
the land of his birth, in Ur of the Chaldees. 



='' And Abram and Nahor take to them- 
selves wives; the name of Abram's wife is 
Sarai, and the name of Nahor's wife is Milcah, 
daughter of Haran, father of Milcah, and 
fatlier of Iscah. ^"And Sarai is barren— she 
hath no child. 

31 And Terah takcth Abram his sou, and 
Lot, son of Haran, his sou's son, and Sarai 
his daughter-in-law, wife of Abram his son, 
and they go out with them from Ur of the 
Chaldees, to go towards the land of Canaan ; 
and they come unto Charau, and dwell there. 

■*- Aud the days of Terah are two hundred 
and five years, and Terah dicth in Charau. 

XII. lAND Jehovah saith unto Abram, 
' Go for thyself, from thy land, and from thy 
kindred, aud from the house of thy father, 
unto the land which I shew thee. ^And I 
make thee become a great nation, and bless 
thee, aud make thy name great; and be 
thou a blessing. ^Aud I bless those bless- 
ing thee, aud him who is disesteeming thee I 
cm-se, aud blessed iu thee have been all fami- 
lies of the ground.' 

■'And Abram goeth on, as Jehovah hath 
spoken unto him, and Lot goeth with him, 
and Abram is a sou of five and seventy years 
in his going out from Charau. '' And Abram 
taketh Sarai his wife, aud Lot his brother's 
son, and all their substance that they have 
gained, _ aud the ]3ersons that they have ob- 
tained iu Charau ; and they go out to go to- 
wards the land of Canaan ; and they come in 
to the land of Canaan. '' And Abram passeth 
over into the laud, unto the place Sheehein, 
imto the oak of Moreh ; and the Cauaanite is 
then in the land. 

^And Jehovah appeareth unto Abram, and 
saith, 'To thy seed I give this laud;' and he 
buildeth there an altar to Jehovah, who hath 
appeared unto him. ^ And he remo veth from 
thence towards a mountain at the east of 
Beth-El, and stretcheth out the tent (Betli-El 
at the west, and Hai at the east), and he 
buildeth there an altar to Jehovah, and 
preacheth in the name of Jehovah. 

'■' And Abram journeyeth, going on and joiir- 
neyiug towards the south. 

'"And there is a famine in the land, and 
Abram goeth down towards Egypt to sojourn 
there, for the famine is grievous iu the land ; 
11 and it cometh to pass as he hath drawn 
near to enter Egypt, that he saith unto Sarai 
his wife, ' Lo, I pray thee, I have known that 
thou art a woman of beautiful appearance; 
1^ and it hath come to pass that the Egyp- 
tians see thee, and they have said, ' This is 
his wife,' aud they have slain me, and thee 
they keep alive: '^say, I pray thee, ihoMart 
my sister, so that it is well with me because 
of thee, and my soul hath lived for thy 
sake.' 

1* And it cometh to pass, at the entering of 
Abram into Egypt, that the Egyptians see the 
woman that she is exceeding fair ; 1^ and 
princes of Pharaoh see her, and praise her 
unto Pharaoh, and the woman is taken to 
Pharaoh's house ; '^and to Abram he hath 
done good because of her, and he bath sheep 
and oxen, and he-asses, and men-servants, 
and handmaids, and she-asses, and camels. 



Lot's separation from Abram. xii. 17. — GENESIS. — xiv. 23. Lot's caplui-e and rescue. 



^^Aud Jehovah plagueth Pharaoh and his 
house — great i)la,u;ue3 — for the matter of Sarai, 
Abram's wife. '* AikI Pharaoh callcth for 
Abram, and saiLh, '\\niat is this thou liast 
done to me? why hast thou not decLarcd to 
me that she is thy \vife? ^^Why hast thou 
said, She is my sister, and I take her to my- 
self for a wife? and now, lo, thy ^\^fe, take 
and go.' ^"And Pliaraoli chargeth men con- 
cerning him, and tliey scud him away, and 
his wife, and all tliat he hath. 

XTII. ' AND Abram goeth u]i from Egyi)t 
(he and his wife, and all that he hath, and 
Lot with him) towards the south ; -and 
Abram is exceedingly wealtliy in cattle, in 
silver, and in gold. ^And he goeth on his 
journey ings from the so^ith, even unto Bethel, 
unto the place where his tent had been at the 
commencement, between Bethel ami Hai — 
■•unto the place of the altar which he made 
there at tne iirst, and there doth Abram 
preach in the name of Jehovah. 

^ And also to Lot, wlio is going with Abram, 
there hath been sheep and oxen and tents ; 
"and the land hath not suil'crcd them to dwell 
together, for their substance liath been much, 
and they have not been able to dwell together ; 
'and there is a strife Ijetween those feeding 
Abram's cattle and those feeding Lot's cattle ; 
and the Canaauite and the Perizzite are then 
dwelling in the laud. 

8 And Abram saith unto Lot, ' Let there not, 
I pray thee, be strife between me and thee, 
and between my shepherds and thy shepherds, 
for we a7-e men — brethren. "Is not all the 
land before thee? be i>arted, I pray thee, from 
me; if to the left, then I to the right; and if 
to the right, then I to the left.' 

^^ And Lot lifteth up his eyes, and seeth the 
whole circuit of the Jordan that it is all a 
watered country (before Jehovah's destroying 
Sodom and Gomorrali, as Jehovah's garden, as 
the land of Egyijt,) m tliy coming toward 
Zoar, " and Lot chooseth for himself the 
whole circuit of tlie Jordan; and Lot jour- 
ueyeth from the east, and they are parted — a 
man from his companion ; ^- Abram liatli dwelt 
in the land of Canaan, and Lot liatli dwelt in 
the cities of the circuit, and tenteth luito 
Sodom ; ^''and the men of Sodom are evil, 
and sinners before Jehovah exceedingly. 

^■•And Jehovah said unto Abram, after 
Lot's being parted from him, ' Lift up, I pray 
thee, tliine eyes, and look from the place 
where tliou art, northward, and southward, 
and eastward, and westward; ^'"'for the whole 
of the land wliich thou are seeing, to thee I 

f've it, and to thy seed — to the age. 'i^And 
have set thy seed as dust of the earth, so 
that, if one is able to number the dust of the 
earth, even thy seed is niunbered; ^''rise, go 
up and down tlirough the land, to its length, 
and to its breadth, for to thee 1 give it.' 

'^And Abram tcntetli, and cometh, and 
dwelleth among tlie oaks of Mamre, v/liicli 
are in Hebron, and buildeth there an altar 
to Jehovah. 

XIV. ^ AND it cometh to pass in tlie days 

of Amraphel king of Shiuar, Arioch king of 

Ellasar, Cliedorlaomer king of ELani, and 

Tidal king of Goyim. -they have made \va,v 

S 



witli Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha 
king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, 
and Sheme])er king of Z('l)oim, and the king 
of Bcila, which is Zoar. ■* All these have been 
joined together unto the valley of Siddim, 
which is the Salt Sea; ■* twelve years they 
served Chedorlaomer, and the thirteenth year 
they rebelled. 

''And in tlie fourteenth year came Che- 
dorlaomer, and the kings who are with Mm, 
and tliey smite the Rephaim in Ashteroth 
Karnaim, and the Zuzim in Hain, and the 
Emim in Shaveh Kiriathaim, ''and the Hor- 
itcs in their mount Seir, unto El-Paran, which 
is by the wilderness ; ^aud they turn back 
and come in unto En-Mislqiat, which is 
Kadesh, and smite the whole iield of the 
Anialekite, and also the Amoritc who is 
dwelling in Hazezon-Tamar. 

'^And the Idng of Sodom goeth out, and 
the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Ad- 
mah, and the king of Zeboim, and the king 
of Bela, which is Zoar ; and they set the 
liattle in array with them in the valley of 
Siddim, " with Chedorlaomer king of Elam, 
and Tidal king of Goyim, and Amraphel king 
of Shiuar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four 
kings with the five. ^^Aud the valley of 
Siddim is full of bitumen-pits ; and the kings 
of Sodom and Gomorrali flee, and fall there, 
and those left have lied to the mountain. 

^^And they take the wliole substance of 
Sodom and Gomorrah, and the whole of their 
food, and go away ; '- and they take Lot, 
Abram's brother's son (seeing he is dwelling 
in Sodom), and his substance, and go away. 

13 And one who is escaping cometh and 
declareth to Abram the Hebrew, and he is 
dwelling among tlie oaks of Mamre the Amor- 
ite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Ancr, 
and they are Abram's allies. ^^ And Abram 
heareth that his brother hath l)een taken 
captive, and he di-aweth out his trained 
domestics, three hundred and eighteen, and 
pursueth unto Dan. 

1^ And he divideth himself against them by 
night, he and Iiis servants, and smitcth them, 
and pursueth them unto Hobah, which is at 
the left of Damascus ; ''' and he bringeth 
back the whole of the substance, and also 
Lot his brother and his substance hath lie 
brought back, and also the women and tlie 
people. 

1" And the king of Sodom goeth out to meet 
him (after his turning back from the smiting 
of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings who are 
with him), unto the valley of Shaveh, which 
is the kiu^^'s valley. ^^ And Melchizedek king 
of Salem hath brought out bread and wine, 
and he is priest of God Most High ; '"and he 
blesseth him, and saith, 'Blessed is Abram to 
God Most High, jiossessing heaven and earth ; 
-"and l)Icssed is God Most High, who hath 
delivered thine advei"sarics into thy hand;' 
and he givcth to him a tenth of all. 

'■^\ And the Icing of Sodom saith unto Abi-am, 
' Give to me tlie ])er3ons, and the substance 
take to tliyself,' ■-- and Abram saith unto the 
kiug of Sodom, ' 1 have liftc<l up my hand 
unto Jehovah, (Jod Most High, possessing 
licaven and earth — -■' from a thread e\en unto 



OoiTs covenant icith Ahram. xiv. 24.— GEi^ESlS.— xvii. 7. 



Birth of JahmaeL 



a shoe-latchet I tal^e not of anything which 
thou hast, that thou say not, I— I have made 
Abramrich ; ^ save only that whicli the yoting 
men have eaten, and the j-iortion of the men 
who have gone with me — Aner, Eshcol, and 
Mamre — thev take their portion.' 

XV. 1 AFTER these things hath the word 
of Jehovah been unto Abram in a \'ision, say- 
ing, ' Fear not, Abram, I mn a sliield to thee, 
thy reward is exceeding great.' - And Ab- 
ram saith, ' Loi'd Jehovah, what dost Thou 
give to me, and I am going childless? and an j 
acquired sou in my house is DemmesekEliezer.' I 
3 And Abram saith, ' Lo, to me Thou hast j 
not given seed, and lo, a domestic doth heir 
ine.' 

■* And lo, the word of Jehovah is unto him, 
saying, ' This one doth not heir thee ; but he 
who cometh out from thy bowels, he doth 
heir thee ; ' ^ and He bringeth him out with- 
•lut, and saith, ' Look attentively, I pi'ay 
thee, towards the heavens, and count the 
stars, if thou art able to count them ;' and He 
saith to him, 'Thus is thy seed.' "And he 
hath believed in Jehovah, and He reckoneth 
it to him — righteousness. 

^ And He saith unto him, ' I am Jehovah 
who brought thee out from Ur of the Chal- 
dees, to give to thee this land to possess it ; ' 
8 and he saith, ' Lord Jehovah, whereby do I 
Icnow that I possess it?' 

^ And He saith unto him, ' Take for Me a 
heifer of three years, and a she-goat of three 
years, and a ram of three years, and a tm-tle- 
dove, and a yoimg bird ; ' i" and he taketh to 
him all these, and separateth them in the 
midst, and putteth each piece over against its 
fellow, but the bird he hath not divided; 
'^ and the ravenous birds come do^vn upon 
the carcases, and Abram causeth them to turn 
back. 

12 And the sun is about to go in, and deep 
sleep hath fallen upon Abram, and lo, a ter- 
ror of great darkness is falling upon him ; 
13 and He saith to Abram, ' Knowing — loiow 
that thy seed is a sojourner in a land not 
theirs, and they have served them, and they 
have afHicted them fourhundi-ed years, "and 
the nation also whom they serve 1 judge, and 
after this they go out with gi-eat substance ; 
]^ and thou — thou comest in unto thy fathers 
in peace ; thou art buried in a good old age ; 
1" and the fourth generation doth turn back 
hither, for the iniquity of the Amorite is not 
yet complete.' 

i^And it cometh to pass — the sun hath 
gone in, and thick darkness hath been — and 
lo, a furnace of smoke, and a lamp of fire, 
which hath passed over between those pieces. 

18 In that day hath Jehovah made with 
Abram a covenant, saying, 'To thy seed I 
have given this land, from the river of Egypt 
unto the great river, the river Phrat, i^ with 
the Keuite, and the Keuizzite, and the Kad- 
inouite, -<* and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, 
and the Rephaim, ^i and the Amorite, and 
the Canaauite, and the Girgashite, and the 
Jebusite.' 

XVI. 1 AND Sarai, Abrani's wife, hath not 
borne to him, and she hath an hancbnaid, an 
Egyptian, and her name is Hagar ; * and 



Rarai saith unto Abram, 'Lo, I pray thee, 
.Jehovah hath restrained me from bearing, go 
in, I pray thcc, unto my handmaid; perhaiis 
I am built ui3 from her ;_' and Abram hearken- 
eth to the voice of Sarai. 

3 And Sarai, Abram's wife, taketh Hagar 
the Egyi^tian, her handmaid, at the end of the 
tenth year of Abram's dwelling in the land of 
Canaan, and giveth her to Abram her hus- 
band, to him for a wife, •* and he goeth in 
unto Hagar, and she conceiveth, and she 
seeth that she hath conceived, and her mis- 
tress is lightly esteemed in her eyes. 

^ And Sai-ai saith imto Abram, My violence 
is for thee ; I — I have given mine handmaid 
into thy bosom, and she seeth that she hath 
conceived, and I am lightly esteemed in her 
eyes ; Jehovah doth judge between me and 
thee.' "And Abram saith imto Sarai, ' Lo, 
thine handmaid is in thine hand, do to her 
that which is good in thine eyes;' and Sarai 
afHicted her, and she fleeth from her pre- 
sence. 

'' And a messenger of Jehovah findcth her 
by the fountain of water in the wilderness, l^y 
the fountain in the way to Sluir, *^ and ho 
saith, ' Hagar, Sarai's handmaid, whence 
hast thou come, and whither dost thou go?' 
and she saith, ' From the presence of Sarai, 
my mistress, I am fleeing.' 

■'And the messenger of Jehovah saith to 
her, ' Tiu-n back unto thy mistress, and 
humble thyself imder her hands ; ' i" and the 
messenger of Jehovah saith to her, ' Multi- 
plying I multiply thy seed, and it is not nimi- 
bered from multitiide ; ' " and the messenger 
of Jehovah saith to her, ' Behold thou art 
conceiving, and bearing a son, and hast called 
his name Ishmael, for Jehovah hath hearken- 
ed unto thine affliction ; ^"^ and he is a wild-ass 
man, his hand against every one, and every 
one's hand against him — and before the face 
of all his brethren he dwelleth.' 

13 And she calleth the name of Jehovah who 
is speaking unto her, 'Thou art, God, my 
beholder ; ' for she said, ' Even here have I 
looked behind my beholder ? ' i-* therefore 
hath one called the weU, 'The well of the 
Living One, my beholder;' lo, between Ka- 
desh and Bered, i^ And Hagar beareth to 
Abram a son; and Abram calleth the name 
of his son, whom Hagar hath borne, Ishmael ; 
1" and Abram is a son of eighty and six years 
in Hagar's bearing Ishmael to Abram. 

XVII. 1 AND Abram is a son of ninety and 
nine years, and Jehovah appeareth unto Ab- 
ram, and saith imto him, 'I am God Almighty, 
walk habitually before Me, and be thou per- 
fect ; " and I give My covenant between Me 
and thee, and multiply thee very exceed- 
ingly.' 

3 And Abram falleth upon his face, and God 
speaketh with him, saying, *'I^o, My cove- 
nant is with thee, and thou hast become father 
of a multitude of nations ; ^ and thy name is 
no more called Abram, biit thy name hath 
been Abraham, for father of a multitude of 
nations have I made thee ; " and I have made 
thee exceeding fruitful, and made thee be- 
come nations, and kings go out from thee. 

'^ 'And I have established My covenant be 
9 



The covenant renewed. xvii. 8.— GENESIS. — xviii. 22. Abraham with the messengers. 



tween Mc .and tlieo, imd tliy f?ee(l after tlice, 
to their geiier.ations, for a covenant atce-dur- 
ing, to become God to thee, and to tliy seed 
after thee; *and I liave <(ivon to thee, and 
to thy seed after thee, the Land of thy so- 
joiirnings, the whole Land of Canaan, for an 

Eossession age-during, and 1 have become their 
lod.' 

^ And God saith unto Abraham, 'And thoit 
'dost keeji My covcn.ant, thou and thy seed 
after thee, to their generations ; I'^this is 
My covenant which ye keep between Me and 
you, and thy seed after thee : Every male of 
you is to be circumcised ; ^^ and ye have cir- 
cumcised the llesli of your foreskin, and it 
hath become a token of a covenant between 
Me and you. 

1^ 'And a son of eight days is circumcised by 
you ; every male to your generations, born in 
the house, or bought with money from any 
son of a stranger, who is not of thy seed ; ^-^ he 
is certainly circumcised who is born in thine 
house, or bought with thy money; and My 
covenant hath become in your flesh a cove- 
nant age-during : " and an imcircumcised 
one, a male, the flesh of whose foreskin is not 
circumcised, even that person hath been cut 
off from his people ; My covenant he hath 
broken.' 

'^ And God saith unto Abraham, ' Sarai 
thy wife — thou dost not call her name Sarai, 
for Sarah is her name ; '^^ and I have bless- 
ed her, and have also given to thee a son from 
her; and I have blessed her, and she hath 
become nations — kings of peoples are from 
her.' 

^^ And Abraham falleth upon his face, and 
laugheth, and saith in his heart, ' To the son 
of an hundred years is one born? or doth 
Sarah — daughter of ninety years — bear?' 

^8 And Abraham saith unto God, ' that 
Ishmael may live before Thee;' ^'-^and God 
saith, ' Sarah thy Avife is certainly bearing a 
son to thee, and thou hast called his name 
Isaac, and I have established My _ covenant 
with him, for an covenant age-during, to his 
seed after him. -" As to Ishmael, I have heard 
thee ; lo, I have blessed him, and made him 
fruitful, and multiplied him, very exceeding- 
ly ; twelve jirinces doth he beget, .and I have 
made him become a great nation ; -^ and My 
covenant I establish with Isaac, whom Sarah 
doth l)ear to thee at this appointed time \\\ 
the next year;' -- and He hnislieth speaking 
with him, and God gocth up from Abraham. 

''•^And Abraham taketh Ishmael his son, 
and all those born in his house, and all those 
Iwught witli his money — every male among 
tlic men of Al)raham's house — and circum- 
cisetli the flesh of their foreskin, in this self- 
B.ame day, as God hath spoken with him. 

^ And Abraham is a son of ninety aiul nine 
years in the ilcsii of liis foreskin being cir- 
cumci.sed; -''and Ishmael his son is a son of 
tliirteen years in tlie flcali of his foreskin be- 
ing circiuncised ; -''in this self-same day hath 
Abrali.am l)ccn circumcised, and Ishmael his 
son; -'and .all the men of his house— born in 
the house, an<l bought wth money from the 
son of a str.anger — have been circumcised with 
tiim. 

10 



XVIII. 1 AND .Tehov.ah appeareth unto 
liim among the oaks of Mami-e, and he is sit- 
ting at the opening of tlie tent, about the heat 
of tlie day; ^and he lifteth u]) liis eyes .and 
looketh, and lo, three men standing by him, 
and he seeth, and runneth to meet them from 
the opening of the tent, and boweth himself 
towards the earth, 

3 And he saith, ' My Lord, if, I pray thee, I 
iiave found grace in thine eyes, do not, I pray 
tliee, pass on from thy servant ; ^ let, I iir.ay 
tliee, a little water be accepted, and wash your 
feet, and recline under the tree ; ^ and I 
bring a piece of bread, and support ye your 
heart ; afterwards pass on, for therefore nave 
ye T:>assed over unto yoiu- servant;' and they 
say, 'So mawst thon do as thou has spoken.' 

'' And Abraham hasteth towards the tent, 
unto S.arah, and s.aith, ' Hasten three mea- 
sures of flour-meal, knead, and make cakes;' 
'' and Abr.aham ran unto the herd, and t.ak- 
eth a son of the herd, tender and good, and 
giveth unto the young man, and he hasbeth 
to prepare it; ^and he taketli butter and 
milk, and tlie son of the herd which he h.ath 
]>repared, and setteth before them; and he is 
standing by them under the tree, and they do 
eat, 

" And they say unto him. ' Where is Sarah 
thy wife?' and lie saith, Lo — in the tent;' 
1" and he saith, ' Returning I return unto 
thee, about the time of life, and lo, to Sarali 
thy wife a son.' 

^1 And Sarah is hearkening at the opening 
of the tent, which is behind him ; i- and 
Abraham and Sarah are aged, entering into 
days- -the way of women hath ceased to be to 
Sarah ; ^^ and Sarah laugheth in her he.art. 
saying, ' After I have waxed old I have had 
pleasure! — my lord also is old!' 

i-'Aud Jehovah saith unto Abraham, '\Vliy 
is this? Sarah hath laughed, saying. Is it true 
really — I bear — and I am aged ? Is any thing 
too wonderful for Jehovah ? at the appointed 
time I return unto thee, .about the time of 
life, and Sarah hath a son.' 

^^And Sarah denieth, saying, 'I did not 
laugh;' for she hath lieen afraid; and Ho 
saith, ' Nay, but thou didst Laugh.' 

^''Andthemen rise from thence, and look 
on the face of Sodom, and Abraham is going 
with them to send them away ; ^^ and Jeho- 
vah said, 'Am I concealing from Abrali.am 
tli.at which I am doing, ^^ and Abraham cer- 
t.ainly becometh a nation gre.at and mighty, 
and blessed in him have been all nations of 
the earth? ^^for I h.ave known him, that ho 
commandeth his children, and his house after 
him (and they have kept the way of Jehovah), 
to do righteousness and judgment, th.at Jeho- 
v.ali may bring on Abrah.am that which He 
h.ath spoken concerning him.' 

-"And Jehov.ali saith, 'The cry of Sodom 
and Gomorrah — because great ; and their sin 
— because exceeding gi-ievous : -^ I go do^^^l 
now, and see whether according to its cry 
vvliicli is coming unto Mc tlicy liavo dono 
completely— and if not — I know;' -'-.and tho 
men turn from tlience, and go to\yard3 Sod- 
om ; and Abr.aliam is yet standing before 
.Jehovah. 



Abraham pleadeth for Sodom, xviii. 23.— GENESIS.— xix. 20. 



Lot is sent out of Sodom, 



''And Abrah.am drawetb nigh and saith, 
'Dost Thou also consume righteous with wick- 
ed? ■-'■iperadventure there are fifty righteous 
in the midst of the city; dost Thou also con- 
Bume, and not bear with the place for the 
sake of the fifty— the righteous who are in its 
midst? "^ Far be it from Thee to do according 
to this thing, to put to death the rigliteous 
with the wicked; that it hath been — as the 
righteous so the wicked — far bo it from Thee ; 
doth the Judge of all the earth not do justice V 
^^ And Jehovah saith, ' If I find in Sodom 
fifty righteous iu the midst of the city, then 
have I borne with all the place for their 
sake.' 

^ And Abraham answereth and saith, ' Lo, 
I pray thee, I have willed to speak imto the 
Lord, and I — dust and aslies ; "^peradveu- 
ture there are lacking five of the fifty righte- 
ous — dost Thou destroy for five the whole of 
the city ?' and He saith, ' I destroy it not, if I 
find there forty and five.' 

"" And he addeth again to speak imto Him 
and saith, ' Peradventure there are found 
there forty?' and He saith, 'I do ii not, be- 
cause of the forty.' 

20 And he saith, 'Let it not be, I pray thee, 
displeasing to the Lord, and I speali : perad- 
venture there are found there thirty?' and 
He saith, 'I do it not, if I find there thirty.' 

3^ And he saith, Lo, I pray thee, I have 
willed to speak unto the Lord : peradventure 
there are found there twenty?' and He saith, 
' I do not destroy it, because of the twenty. ' 

^- And he saith, ' Let it not be, I pray Thee, 
displeasing to the Lord, and I speak only this 
time : peradventure there are found there 
ten?' and He saith, 'I do not destroy it, be- 
cause of the ten.' 

22 And Jehovah goeth on, when He hath 
finished speaking imto Abraham, and Abra- 
ham hath turned back to his place. 

XIX. 1 AND two of the messengers come 
towards Sodom at even, and Lot is sitting at 
the gate of Sodom, and Lot seeth, and riseth 
to meet them, and boweth himself — face to 
the earth, "and he saith, 'Lo, I pray yoii, 
my lords, turn aside, I pray yon, imto the 
house of your servant, and lodge, and wash 
your feet— then ye have risen early and gone 
ou your Avay;' and they say, 'Nay, but in 
the broad place we do lodge.' 

2 And he presseth on them greatly, and 
they tiirn aside imto him, and come iu tmto 
his house ; and he maketh for them a ban- 
quet, and hath baked unleavened things ; 
and they do eat. 

■* Before they lie down, the men of the 
city — men of Sodom — have come round about 
against the house, from young even unto 
aged, all the people from the extremity; 
* and they call unto Lot and say to him, 
' Where are the men who have come in unto 
thee to-night? bring them oiit imto us, and 
we know them.' 

^ And Lot goeth out unto them, to the 
opening, aud the door hath shut behind him, 
'and saith, 'Do not, I pray yoiu my breth- 
ren, do evil ; ''lo. I pray you, I have two 
daughters, who nave not known any one ; 
let me, I pray yon, bring them out unto yon. 



and do to them as is good in your eyes ; only 
to these men do not anything, for therefore 
have they come in within the shadow of my 
roof.' 

" And they say, ' Come nigh hither ; ' they 
say also, ' This one hath come in to sojourn, 
and he certainly judgeth ! now, we do evil to 
thee more than to them;' and they pre.ss 
against_ the man, against Lot greatly, and 
come nigh to break the door. 

i"Aridthemen pxit forth their hand, and 
bring in Lot unto them, into the house, and 
have shut the door ; " aud the men who 
are at the opening of the house they have 
smitten vfith. blindness, from small even 
unto great, and they weary themselves to 
find the opening. 

12 And the men say unto Lot, ' Wliom hast 
thoxi .here still? son-in-law, thy sons also, 
and thy daughters, and all whom thou hast 
in the city, bring otit from this place ; " for 
we are destroying this place, for their cry 
liath been gi-eat before tne face of Jehovah, 
and Jehovah doth send us to destroy it.' 

"And Lot goeth out, and speaketh unto 
his sons-iu'law, those taking his daughters, 
and saithj ' Rise, go out from this place, for 
Jehovah is destroying the city ; ' and he is as 
one mocking in the eyes of his sons-in-law. 

1^ And when the dawn hath ascended, then 
the messengers press upon Lot, saying, 'Rise, 
take thy WTfe, and thy two daughters who 
are foimd present, lest thou be consumed in 
the iniquity of the city.' 

1^ And he lingereth, and the men lay hold 
on his hand, and on the hand of his wife, 
and on the hand of his two daughters, 
through the mercy of Jehovah unto laim, 
and they bring him out, and cause him to 
rest without the city. 

1' And it Cometh to pass when he hath 
brought them out without, that he saith, 
'Escape for thy life ; look not expectingly 
behind thee, nor stand thou in all the cir- 
cuit; to the moimtain escape, lest thou be 
consumed. 

18 And Lot saith unto them, ' Not so, 1 pray 
thee, my lord ; i" lo, 1 pray thee, thy servant 
hath foimd grace in thme eyes, and thou dost 
make jjreat thy kindness which thou hast 
done with me by saving my life, and I am un- 
able to escape to the mountain, lest the evil 
cleave to me, and 1 have died ; -" lo, I pray 
thee, this city is near to flee thither, and it is 
little ; let me escape, I pray thee, thither, (is 
it not little?) and my soul doth live.' 

'1 And he saith unto him, ' Lo, I have ac- 
cepted thy face also for this thing, without 
overthrowing the city for which thou hast 
spoken ; -- haste, escape thither, for I am 
not able to do anything till thine entering 
thither;' therefore hath he calleth the name 
of the city Zoar. 

-2 The sun hath gone out on the earth, and 
Lot hath entered into Zoar, ^ and Jehovah 
hath rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah 
brimstone and fiie from Jehovah, from the 
heavens ; -^ and He overthroweth these cities, 
aud all the circuit, and all the inhabitants of 
the cities, and that which is shooting up from 
the groimd. -•'And his wife look etn expect- 
11 



Sodom tt- Gomorrah destroijed. xix. 27.— GENESIS.— xxi. 11. Abraham's denial of his \mfe. 



ingly from beliiiul liim, and she is— ai^illar of 
salt"! 

^ And Abraham riseth early in tlie momin;j, 
onto the Y)lace where lie hath stood before, the 
face of .Tchovah ; "^ and lie looketh on the 
face of Sodom and Gomorrah, aiid on all the 
face of the land of the circuit, and seeth, and 
lo, the smoke of the land went up as smoke of 
the furnace. 

^ And it Cometh to pass, in God's destroying 
the cities of the circuit, that God rememljcr- 
eth Al)raham, and sendeth Lot out of the 
midst of the overthrow in the overthrowing 
of the cities in which Lot dwelt. 

^o And Lot goeth up out of Zoar, and dwell- 
eth in the mountain, and his two daughters 
with him, for he hath been afraid of dwelling 
in Zoar, and he dwelleth in a cave, he and his 
two daughters. 

^1 And the iirst-born saith unto the younger, 
' Our father is old, and a man there is not in 
the earth to come in unto us, as is the way of 
all the earth ; ^'- come, we cause owv father 
to drink wine, and lie with him, and preserve 
from our father — a seed.' 

33 And they cause their father to drink wine 
on that night; and the first-born goeth in, 
and lieth with her father, and he ha,th not 
known in her lying down, or in her rising up. 
3^ And it cometh to ])ass, on the morrow, 
that the first-born saith unto the younger, 
'Lo, I have lain yesterday-night \vith my 
father : we cause nim to drink wine also 
to-night, and go thon in, lie with him, and 
we preserve from our father — a seed.' ^s And 
they cause their father to drink wine on that 
night also, and the younger riseth and lieth 
with him, and he hath not known in her lying 
down, or in her rising u]i. 

^^And the two daughters of Lot conceive 
from their father, 37aud the first-born beareth 
a son, and calleth his name Moab ; he is father 
of Moab unto this day ; ^s iig to the younger, 
she also hath born a son, and calleth his name 
Ben-Ammi : he is father of the Beni-Ammou 
unto this day. 

XX. ^ AND Abraham journeyeth from 
thence toward the land of the south, and 
dwelleth between Kadesh and Shur, and so- 
journeth in Gerar ; " and Abraham saith con- 
cerning Sarah his wife, 'She is my sister;' 
and Abimelech king of Gerar sendeth and 
takoth Sarah. 

3 And God cometh in unto Abimelech in a 
dream of the night, and saith to him, 'Lo, 
thou art a dead man, because of the woman 
whom thou hast taken — and she married to a 
husband.' 

* And Abimelech hath not tlrawn near im- 
to her, and he saith, ' Lord, also a righteous 
nation dost thou slay? ^hath not he himself 
said to me, She is ray sister! and she, even 
she herself, said. He is my brother ; in the 
integrity of my heart, and in tlie innocency 
of my liands, I have done this.' 

*And God saith unto hiin in the dream, 
'Yea, I — I have known that in the integrity 
of thy heart thon hast done tliis, and I with- 
hold thee, even I, from sinning against Me ; 
therefore I have not snUered thee to come 
icainst her ;^and now scnid back the man's 
12 



wife, for he is inspired, and he doth pray for 
thee, and live thou ; and if thon do Tiot send 
back, know tliat dying thou dost die, thou, 
and all that thou hast.' 

•* And Abimelech riseth e.arly in the morn- 
ing, and calleth for all his servants, and 
speaketh all these words in their ears ; and 
the men fear exceedingly ; and ^ Abimelech 
calleth for Abraham, and saith to him. 'What 
hast thou done to us? and what have I sinned 
against thee, that thou liast brought upon 
me, and upon my kingdom, a great sin? works 
which are not done thon liast done ^\^th 
me.' ^"Abimelech also saith imto A})raham, 
'^V^lat hast thou seen that thou hast done 
this thing?' 

" And Abraham saith, ' Because I said, 
' Surely the fear of God is not in this place, 
and they have slain me for the sake of my 
wife ; ^" and also, truly she is my sister, 
daughter of my father, only not daugliter of 
my mother, and she becometh my wife ; 
^3 and it cometh to pass, when God hath 
caused me to wander from my father's house, 
that I say to her, This is thy kindness wliich 
thou dost with me: at every jilace whither 
we come, say of me. He is my brotlier.' 

^^And Abimelech taketh sheej) and oxen, 
and servants and handmaids, and giveth to 
Abraham, and sendeth back to him Sarali 
his wife; ^'aud Abimelech saith, ' Lo, my 
land is before thee, where it is good in thine 
eyes, dwell;' ^'^aud to Sarah he liath saifl, 
'Lo, I have given a thousand silverlings td 
thy brother; lo, it is to thee a covei-ing of 
eyes, to all who are with thee ;' and by all 
tiiis she is reasoned with. 

^^And Abraham prayeth unto God, and 
God healeth Abimelech and his wife, and his 
handmaids, and they bear : ^^ for .Tehovah 
restraining had restrained every womb of the 
house of Abimelech, because of Sarah, Abra- 
ham's wife. 

XXI. lAND Jehovah hath looked after 
Sarah as He hath said, and .Tchovah doth to 
Sarah as He hath spoken ; -and Sarah con- 
ceiveth, and beareth a son to Abraham, to 
his old age, at the ai^pointed time that God 
hath si)oken of with him ; ^ and Abraham 
calleth the name of his son who is born to 
him, whom Sarah liath born to him— ^Isaac ; 
* and Abraham circxmiciseth Isaac his son, 
being a son of eight days, as God hath com- 
manded him. 

^ And Abrah.am is a son of a hundred years 
in Isaac his son being born to him, "and Sarah 
saith, ' God hath made laughter for me ; every 
one who is hearing laugheth for me.' "She 
saith also, '\Vlio hath said to Abraham, 
Sarah hath suckled sons, that 1 have born 
a son for his old age?' 

® And the lad groweth, and is weaned, and 
Abraham maketli a great banquet in the dav 
of Isaac's being weaned; '-'and Sarah seeth 
the son of Ifagar the Eg^-jitian, whom she 
hath borni; to Abraham, mocldn^, '"and she 
saith to Abraham, ' (Jast out this handmaid 
and her son ; for the son of this handmaid 
hath no possession with my son — with 
Isaac.' 
" And the thing is very wrong in the eyca 



Hagar and TsJanad cast forth, xxi. 12.— GENESIS.— xxii. 18. Cvmmand fo sacrifice Isaac. 



of Abraham, for his son's sake ; i- aud God 
Baith iiuto Abraham, ' Let it not be -wronj^ in 
thine eyes because of the youth, and because 
of thy handmaid : all that Sarah saith unto 
thee — licarken to her voice, for in Isaac is a 
seed called to thee. i^As to the son of the 
handmaid also, for a nation I set him, because 
he is thy seed.' 

1^ And Abraham risetli early in the morn- 
ing, and taketh bread, and a bottle of water, 
and Kiveth unto Hagar (placing it on her 
shoulder), also the lad, and sendeth her out ; 
and she goetli on, and goeth astray in the 
wilderness of Becr-Sheba ; ^•' and the water is 
consmned from the bottle, and she placeth 
the lad imder one of the slirubs. 

^^ And she goeth and sitteth by lierseK over- 
agaiust, afar off, about a bow-shot, for she 
said, ' Let me not look on the death of the 
lad ; ' and she sitteth over-against, and lifteth 
up her voice, and weepeth. 

^~ And God heareth the voice of the youth ; 
and the messenger of God calleth imto Hagar 
from tlie heavens, and saith to her, ' What to 
thee, Hagar? fear not; for God hath hearkened 
unto the voice of the youth where he is; ^^ rise, 
lift lip the youth, and lay hold on him ^vith 
thy hand, for for a great nation I set him.' 

^3 And God openetli lier eyes, and she seeth 
a well of water, and slie goeth and lilleth the 
bottle ivitk water, and causcth the youth to 
drink ; '-'" and God is with the youth, and he 
groweth, and dwellcth in the wilderness, and 
13 an archer ; '^ and lie dwelleth in the %vild- 
erness of Paran, and his mother taketh for 
him a wife from the land of Egyjit. 

"■- And it Cometh to pass at that time that 
Abimelech speaketh — Phichol also, head of 
his host — unto Abraham, saying, ' God is with 
thee in all that thou art doing; "'^and now, 
swear to me by God here : thou dost not 
lie to me, or to my continuator, or to my suc- 
cessor; according to the kindness which I 
have done with thee thou dost with me, and 
with the land in which thou hast sojourned.' 
^ And Abraham saith, ' I — I do swear. ' 

'-'■''And Abraham reasoned ^vith Abimelech 
concerning the matter of a well of water which 
Abimelecn's servants have taken \dolently 
away, -'' and Abimelech saith, ' I have not 
known who hath done this thing, and even 
thou didst not declare to me, and I also, I 
have not heard save to-day.' 

^And Abraham taketh sheep and oxen, 
and giveth to Alnmelech, and they make, both 
of them, a covenant; -*and Abraham setteth 
seven lambs of the flock by themselves. 
'^ And Abimelech saith unto Abraham, ' Wliat 
are they — these seven lamljs which thou hast 
set by themselves?' ^'•And he saith, 'For 
— the seven lambs thou dost accept from my 
hand, so that it becometh a witness for me 
that I have digged this well ; ' ^' therefore hath 
he called that place ' Beer-Sheba,' for there 
have both of them sworn. 

^^And they make a covenant in Beer-Sheba, 
and Abimelech riseth — Phichol also, head of 
his host — and they turn back unto the land 
of the Philistines ; ^'^ and Ahrahnm planteth 
a tamarask in Beer-Sheba, and preaclietli 
there in the name of Jehovah, God aKC-during ; 



^■*aud Abraham so.journeth in the land of the 
Philistines many days. 

XXII. 1 AND it Cometh to jiass after these 
things that God hath tried Abraham, and 
saith unto him, 'Abraliam;' and he saith, 
'Here;<z/?i I.' ^^ud He saith, 'Take, I pray 
thee, tliyson, thine only one, whom thou hast 
loved, even Isaac, and go for thyself unto the 
land of Moriah, and cause him to ascend there 
for a burnt-olleriug on one of the mountains 
of which I speak unto thee.' 

^ And Abraham riseth early in the morning, 
and saddleth his ass, and taketh two of his 
yoimg men with him, and Isaac his son, and 
he cleaveth the wood of the biu-nt-oflering, 
and riseth and goeth imto the place of which 
God hath sjioken to him. 

* On the third day— Abraham lifteth up his 
eyes, and seeth the place from afar; ^and 
Abraham saith \into his yoimg men, ' Beinain 
by yourselves here with the ass, and I and the 
youth go yonder and worship, and turn back 
unto you. 

^And Abraham taketh the wood of the 
burnt-offering, and placeth on Isaac his son, 
and he taketh in his hand the fire, and the 
kuife; and they go on both of them together. 

''And Isaac speaketh imto Abraham his 
father, and saith, ' My father,' and he saith, 
'Hero am I, my son.' And he saith, ' Lo, the 
tire and the wood, and where the lamb for a 
burnt-offering?' ^^ud Abraham saith, 'God 
doth pro\ade for Himself the Iamb for a burnt- 
offering, my son ; ' and they go on both of them 
together. 

" And they come in imto the place of which 
God hath spoken to him, and tliere Abraham 
buildeth the altar, and arrangeth the wood, 
and bindeth Isaac his sou, and placeth him 
upon the altar above the wood; "and Abra- 
liam puttcth forth his hand, and taketh the 
knife — to slaughter liis son. 

"And the messenger of Jehovah calleth 
unto him from the heavens, and saith, 'Abra- 
ham, Abraham;' and he saith, 'Here am I;' 
I'-^and He saith, 'Put not fortli thine hand 
unto the youth, nor do anjiihing to him, for 
now I have known that thou art fearing God, 
and hast not withheld thy son, thine only one, 
from Me.' 

^■'And Abraham lifteth up his eyes, and 
looketh, and lo, a ram behind, seized in a 
thicket by its horns ; and Abraham goeth, and 
taketh the ram, and causeth it to ascend for 
a burut-offerin;^ instead of his son; I'land 
Abraham calleth the name of that place ' Je- 
hovah-Jireh,' because it is said this day in the 
mount, 'Jehovah doth x)ro\ade.' 

15 And the niesseuger of Jehovah calleth 
unto Abraham a second time from the heavens, 
^''and saith, 'By Myself I have sworn— the 
affirmation of Jehovah — that because thou 
hast done tliis thing, and liast not withheld 
thy son, thine only one — ^"that blessing I bless 
thee, and multiplying 1 multiply thy seed as 
stars of the heavens, and as sand which is on 
the sea-shore ; and thy seed doth possess the 
gate of his enemies; ^^and blessed themselves 
in thy seed have all nations of the cartli, 
because that thou hast hearkened to My 
voice.' 

13 



Death of Sarah. 



XXII. 19.— GENESIS.— XXIV. 15. 



Burial of Sarah, 



•^Aud Abraham turnctli back unto his 
yoiinp: men, and they rise and go together 
unto Beer-Sheba; and Abraham dwelleth in 
Bcer-Slieba. 

"" And it Cometh to pass after these things 
that it is declared to Abraham, saying, 'TjO, 
Milcah hath borne, even she, sons tf) Nahor 
thy])rother: -^Huz his first-born, and Buz his 
brother; and Kcmuel father of Aram, --and 
Chesed, and Hazo, and Pildash, and Jidhxpli, 
and Bcthnel; "^and Bethiiel hath begotten 
Eebekah ; ' tlicse eight hath Milcali borne to 
Nahor, Abraham's brother ; -■• and his con- 
cnbifle, whose name is Beimiah, she also hath 
borne Tebah, and Gaham, and Tahash, and 
Maachah. 

XXIII. lAND the life of Sarah is a hun- 
dred and twenty and seven years — years of 
tlie life of Sarali; -and Sarah dieth in Ivir- 
jath-Arba, which is Hebron, in the laud of 
Caanan, and Abraham goeth in to mourn for 
Sarah, and to bewail her. 

^ And Abraham risetli up from the ]3reseuce 
of his dead, and speaketn imto the sons of 
Heth, saying, ^ ' A sojourner and a settler I 
am Avith you; give to me a possession of a 
burying-placc with you, and I bury my dead 
from before me.' 

^And the sons of Heth answer Abraham, 
Baying to him, " ' Hear us, my lord ; a prince 
of God art thou in our midst; in tlie choice of 
our bm-yiug-places bury thy dead: none of us 
his burying-placc doth withhold from thee, 
from buryiiig thy dead.' 

^ And Abraham riseth and boweth himself 
to the people of the land, to the sons of Heth, 
^ and lie speaketh with them, saying, ' If it is 
Vom- desire to bury my dead from before me, 
hear me, and meet for me with Eiihrou, son 
of Zoar; ^ and he jjiveth to me the cave of 
Machpclah, which he hath, which is in the 
extremity of his field ; for full money doth he 
give it to mc, in yoiu- midst, for a i^ossessiou 
of a burying-place.' 

1° And Ephrou is sitting in the midst of the 
sons of Heth, and Ephron the Hittite an- 
swcrcth Al)raham in the cars of the sons of 
Heth, of all those entering the gate of his 
city, saying, ^^ ' Nay, my lord, hear me : the 
field I have given to thee, and the cave that 
is in it, to tliee I have given it; before the 
eyes of the sons of my iieople I have given it 
to thee — bury thy dead.' 

^'^ And Abraham boweth himself before tlic 
people of the land, ^^ and speaketh unto 
Ejihron in the cars of the people of the laud, 
saying, ' Oidy — if thou wouldst hear me — 1 
have given the money of tlic field — accept 
from mc, ami 1 1niry my dead there.' 

1* And Ephrou auswcreth Abraham, saying 
to him, '■'' 'My lord, hear me: the laud — ^four 
hundred shekels of silver; between me and 
tliec, wliat is it? — thy dead bury.' 

'•'And Abraham henrkcneth unto Ephrou, 
an<l Abi'aliam wcighctli to Ephron tlie silver 
wliich lie hatli siiokeu of in the ears of the 
sous of ITeth, fmir hun<1rcd silver shekels, 
passing with the merchant. 

i^And cst.iblish.d an; the field of Enlu'ou, 
whicli ('.sin Marliprlah, whicli wbef(jrc Alamre, 
the lield and tlie civc wliich is in it, and all 
14 



the trees which are in the field, which are in 
all its border round about, '^ to Abraham by 
])urchasc, before the eyes of the .sons of Heth, 
among all entering the gate of his city. 

i''And_ after this hath Abraham buried 
Sarah his ^\^fe at the cave of the field of 
Machpelah before Mamre (which is Hebron), 
in the land of Canaan ; -^ and established are 
the field, and the cave which is in it, to Abra- 
ham for a possession of a burying-place, from 
the sons or Heth. 

XXIV. 1 AND Abraham is old, he hath 
entered into days, and Jehovah hath blessed 
Aljraham in all tldngs; -and Abraham saith 
unto his servant, the eldest of his house, who 
is ruling over all tliat he hath, ' Put, I pray 
tliee, thy hand imiler my thigh, ^ and I cause 
thee to swear by Jehovah, God of the heavens, 
and God of the earth, that thou dost not take 
a wife for my sou fi-om the daughters f>f tlie 
Canaanite, in the midst of whom I am dwell 
iug; ^ but unto my land and unto my kiudi-cd 
dost thou go, and hast taken a wife for my 
son, for Isaac' 

^ And the servant saith imto him, ' It may 
be the woman is not willing to come after me 
unto this land ; do 1 at all cause thy son to 
turn back imto the land from whence thou 
earnest out?' 

8 And Abraham saith tmto him, ' Take 
heed to thyself, lest thou cause my son to 
turn back thither; '' Jehovali, God of thehea- 
veus, who hath taken me from the house of 
my father, and from the land of my birth, 
and who hath spoken to me, and who hath 
sworn to me, saying, To thy seed I give 
this land. He doth send His messeuger be- 
fore thee, and thou hast taken a wife for my 
sou from tlience ; *and if the woman be not 
willing to come after thee, then thou hast 
been acquitted from this mine oath : onlv 
my son thou dost not cause to turn back 
thither.' 

"And the servant putteth his hand under 
the thigh of Abraham his lord, and sweareth 
to him concerning this mattei'. 

^"And the servant takcth ten camels of 
the camels of his lord and goeth, also of all 
the goods of his lord iu his hand, aiul he 
riseth, and goeth unto Aram-Naharaiin, unto 
the city of Nahor ; ^^ and he causeth the 
camels to kneel at the outside of the cityj at 
tlie well of watc)-, at even-time, at the time 
of the coming out of the women who draw 
\\'ater. 

"And he saith, 'Jehovah, God of my lord 
Abraham, cause to meet, I pray Tliee, be- 
fore me this day — (and ilo kindness with my 
lord Abraham; '•'lo, I am standing by the 
fountain of water, and daughters of the men 
of the city are coming out to draw water ; 
'^and it hath becu, the young person unto 
whom I say, Incline, I pray thee, thy pit- 
cher, aud I drink, and she hath said. Drink, 
and I water also tliy camels) — her Thou hast 
ilecidcd for Thy servant, for Isaac ; aud by it 
1 know that Thou liast done kiuducss with 
my lord.' 

'•'And it CDiiiclli to ])ass, before lie liath 
finished spcal<inL', that lo, Iveljcliah (who 
was born to Bcthuel, sou of Milcah, wife of 



Journey of Abraham's servant xxiv. IG.— GENESIS.— xxiv. 55. 



to seek a xoife for laaac 



Nalior, brother of Abraham) is coining out, 
aud her pitcher on her shouklcr, ^^ and the 
young person is of very good ai)]3earance, a 
virgin, and a man hath not known her ; and 
she goetli down to the fountain, and tiUeth 
her pitcher, and cometh up. 

i^And the servant runneth to meet her, 
and saith, 'Let me swallow, I pray thee, a 
little water from thy pitcher;' ^''aud she 
saith, ' Drink, my lord ; ' and she hasteth, 
aad letteth down her pitcher upon her haud, 
aud giveth him diink. 

I'' And she fiuisheth giving him drink, aud 
saith, ' Also for thj^ camels I draw till they 
have finished driukiug ;' "'^ and she hasteth, 
aud emjitieth her pitcher into the drinkiug- 
trough, aud runnetli again uuto tlie well to 
ilraw, aud di'aweth for all his camels. 

'' Aud the man, wondering at her, remain- 
eth silent, to know whether Jehovah hath 
made his way prosperous or uot. 

"And it cometh to pass when the camels 
have finished di'inking, that the man taketh 
a goldeu ring (whose weight is a bckah), aud 
two bracelets for her hands (whose weight is 
ten bekahs of gold), --'and saith, 'Wliose 
daughter art thou ? declare to me, I in-ay 
thee, is the house of thy father a place for us 
to lodge in ? ' 

"^ Aud she saith uuto him, ' I am daughter 
of Bethuel, sou of jNIilcah, whom she hath 
borue to Nahor.' -^She saith also unto him, 
'Both straw aud provender are abundant 
with us, also a place to lodge iu.' 

^'JAucl the man boweth, aud doth obeis- 
ance to Jehovah, -"and saith, ' Blessed is Je- 
hovah, God of my lord Abraham, who hath 
not left ofi'His kindness and His truth with 
my lord; — I being in the way, Jehovah hath 
led me to the house of my lord's brethren.' 

-8 And the young person runneth, aud de- 
clareth to the house of her mother according 
to these words. ™'Aud Eebckah hath a 
brother, and his name is Laban, aud Labau 
runneth unto the man who is without, uuto 
the fountain; 3" yea, it cometh to pass, when 
lie seeth the ring, and the bracelets on the 
hands of his sister, aud when he heareth the 
words of Eebekah his sister, saying, 'Thiis 
hath the man spoken unto me,' tliat he 
cometh in uuto the niau, aud lo, he is stand- 
ing 1;iy the camels by the fountain. -^^ Aud he 
saith, ' Come in, blessed one of Jehovah, 
why standest thou without, and I — I have 
prepared the house and pjlace for the camels!' 

•*-And he bringeth iu the man into the 
house, aud looseth the camels, aud giveth 
straw aud provender for tlie camels, and 
water to wash his feet, and the feet of the 
men who are with him: -'-'and setteth before 
him to eat ; but he saith, ' I do uot eat till 
I liave spoken my word ;' aud he saith, 
'Speak.' 

•'"'And he saith, ' I avi Abraham's servant ; 
^= and Jehovah hath blessed my lord exceed- 
ingly, aud he is great ; aud lie giveth to him 
tiock, aud lierd, and silver, aiul gold, and 
men-servants, and maid-servants, and camels, 
and asse« ; ^''aiul Sarah, my lord's wife, bear- 
eth a son to my lord, after she hath been 
aged, aud he giveth to him all t}iat he hath. 



37 ' And my lord causeth mc to swear, say- 
ing. Thou dost uot take a wife to my son 
from the daugliters of the Canaanite, in 
whose land I am dwelling, ^ajf uot— unto 
the house of my father thou dost go, and unto 
my family, aud thou hast takcu a wife for 
my son. 

^'^ 'And I say uuto my lord, It may be the 
woman doth uot come after me ; ^° and he 
saith uuto uie, Jehovah, before whom I have 
walked habitually, doth send His messenger 
with thee, aud hath prosjiered thy way, and 
thou hast taken a wife for my sou from mv fa- 
mily, and from the house of my father ; ^i then 
art thou acquitted from my oath, when thou 
comest uuto my family, and if they give uot 
one to thee; then thou hast been acquittetl 
from my oath. 

*^ 'And I come to-day uuto the fountain, 
and I say, Jehovah, God of my lord Abra- 
ham, if Ihou art, I pray Thee, maldng pros- 
] )erous my way iu which I am going — « (lo, I 
am staucliug by the fountain of water), then 
the \drgin who is coming out to draw, and I 
have said imto her. Let mc diiuk, I pray 
thee, a little water from thy pitcher, ^and 
she hath said uuto me, Both chink thou, aud 
also for thy camels I di-aw — she is the woman 
whom Jehovah hath decided for my lord's 
son. 

'*^ ' Before I finish speaking unto my heart, 
theu lo, Rebekah is coming out, aud her 
pitcher on her shoulder, aud she goeth down 
to the fountain, and di-aweth ; aud I say 
uuto her. Let me drink, I pray thee, ^"and 
she hasteth and letteth down her pitclier 
from off her, and saith. Drink, and thy 
camels also I water; and I drink, aud the 
camels also she hath watered. 

■*'' ' Aud I ask her, aud say, Whose daugh- 
ter art thou ? aud she saith. Daughter of 
Bethuel, sou of Nahor, whom Milcah hath 
borne to him. aud I put the ring on her nose, 
and the bracelets on her bauds, •'^aud I bow, 
and do obeisance before Jehovah, aud I bless 
Jehovah, God of my lord Abraham, who hath 
led me iu the true way to receive the daugh- 
ter of my lord's brother for his sou. 

*"And now, if ye are dealing kindly and 
tndy A\ith my lord, declare to me ; and if 
uot, declare to me ; aud I turu imto the right 
or imto the left.' 

^"Aud Laban auswereth^ — Bethuel also — 
aud they say, 'The thing hath gone out from 
Jehovah; we are not able to si>eak unto thee 
bad or good ; '•'^ lo, Eebekah is before thee, 
take aucl go, aud she is a wife to thy lord's 
sou, as Jehovah hath spoken.' 

^^ Aud it cometh to pass, when the servant 
of Abraham hath heard theii' words, that he 
boweth himself towards the earth before Je- 
hovah ; ^3 and the servant taketh out vessels 
of silver, and vessels of gold, and garments, 
aud giveth to Eebekah ; precious things also 
he hath given to her brother aud to her 
mother. 

'''* Aud they eat aud drink, he and the men 
who a7'e Avith him, aud lodge all uight; and 
they rise in the morning, and he saith, 'Send 
me to my lord ;' ^^ aud her brother saith — her 
mother also — 'Let the young person abide 
l.j 



Departure of Rchekah. 



XXIV. 56.— GENESIS.— XXVI. 2. 



Birth of Esau and Jacob. 



with lis a week or ten days, afterwards doth 
she go.' 

^^ A ud he saith iinto them, ' Do not delay me, 
seeing Jehovah hath jirospered my way ; send 
me away, and I go to my lord ;' ^^aud they 
say, ' Let us call for the yoimg person, and 
ask at her mouth ; ' '•'^ and they call for Ke- 
bckali, and say unto her, ' Dost thou go with 
tliis man?' and she saith, 'I go.' 

'^"And tliey send away Heljekah their sis- 
ter, and lier nurse, and Abraham's servant, 
.and his men ; "" and they bless Kebekali, and 
say to her, ' Thou art om* sister ; become thou 
thousands of myriads, and thy seed doth pos- 
sess the gate of those hating it.' 

^^ And Rebekah and lier young women 
ai'ise, and ride on the camels, and go after 
the man ; and the servant takcth Ilebekah 
and goeth. 

''- And Isaac hath come in from the entrance 
of the Well of the Living One, my Beholder; 
and he is dwellinj' in the land of the south, 
"•' and Isaac goetli out to meditate in the 
field, at the turuiug of the evening, and he 
lifteth up his eyes, and looketh, and lo, 
camels arc coming. 

•^And Rcbckali lifteth \\\i her eyes, and 
seeth Isaac, and alighteth from off the camel ; 
''^ and she saith unto the servant, ' \Vlio is 
this man who is walldng in the field to meet 
us?' and the servant saitli, 'It is my lord;' 
and she taketh the veil, and co^'ereth her- 
self. 

'''•And the servant rccountetli to Isaac all 
the tilings that he hath done, "'' and Isaac 
bringeth her in unto the tent of Sarah his 
motliei-, and he taketli Ilebekah, and she 
becometh his wife, and he loveth her, and 
Isaac is comforted after the death of his 
mother. 

XXV. 1 AND Abraham addeth and taketh 
a wife, and her name in Keturah ; " and she 
boarcth to him Zimrau, and Jokshan, and 
Mcdan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Sliuah. 

•* And Jokslian hath Ijegotten Sheba and 
Dedan ; and the sons of Dedan were As- 
shurim, and Letushim, and Leimimim ; •* and 
the sons of Midian are Epliali, and Epher, 
and Hanoch, and Abidah, and Eldaah: all 
tlicse are sons of Keturah. 

''And Aliraham givcth all that lie liath to 
Isaac; "and to tlie sous of the concubines 
wiiora Abraiiam hath, Abraliam hath given 
gifts, and sendctli them away from Isaac his 
son (in his being yet alive) eastward, unto 
the east country. 

" And tliese are tlic days of the years of the 
life of Al)raham. wliich he lived, a hundi-ed 
and seventy and five years; ^and Abraham 
c.xpiretli, and dieth in a good old age, aged 
.and satislicd, and is gatlicrcd unto his people. 
'■' And Isaac and Ishniael his sons bury him 
at the cave of Machpelali, at the Held of 
Ei)bron, son of Zoar the Ilittite, wliich in 
before Mamre— J^thc field which Abraham 
bought from the sons of Tletli — there hath 
Abraham been buried, and Sarah his wife. 

" And it conicth to pass after the death 
of Al)rahani, that ( Jod bJesseth Isaac liis son ; 
and Isaac dwelleth by tlie Well of the Living 
One, my Beholder. 

IG 



'-And these are births of Ishmacl, Abra- 
liam's son, whom Hagar the Egyiitiau, Sarah's 
handmaid, hath borne to Abraham ; i^ and 
these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, 
by their names, according to their births: 
first-born of Ishmael, Nebajoth ; and Kedar, 
and Adbeel, and Mibsam, i-" and Mishma, 
and Dumali, and Massa, ^^ Hadar, and Tema, 
Jctur, Naphish, and Kedemah: '•'these are 
sons of Ishmael, and these their names, by 
their villages, and by their towers ; twelve 
lirinces according to their peoples. 

'''And these are the years of the life of 
Ishmael, a hundred and thirty and seven 
years ; and he expireth, and dieth, and is 
gathered unto his people ; '^ and they taber- 
nacle from Ilavilah unto Shur, wdiich is 
before Egypt, in tliy going towards Assliur ; 
in the presence of all his brethren hath he 
fallen. 

'''And these are births of Isaac, Abra- 
ham's son: Abraham hath begotten Isaac; 
-" and Isaac is a son of forty years in his taking 
Reliekah, daughter of Bethuel the Aramjean, 
from Padau-Arani, sister of Laban the Aram- 
asan, to him for a wife. 

"' And Isaac maketli entreaty to Jehovah 
before his wife, for she is barren: and Je- 
hovah is entreated of him, and Rebekah hia 
^^^fe conceiveth, —and the children struggle 
together \^athin her, and she saith, ' If it is 
right — why am I tints?' and she goeth to seek 
Jehovah. 

"3 And Jehovah saith to her, ' Two nations 
are in thy womb, and two peoples from thy 
bowels are X'^rted ; and the one people than 
the other people is stronger ; and the elder 
doth serve the younger.' 

"■' And her days to bear are fulfilled, and lo, 
twins are in her womb ; -^ and the first cometh 
out all red as a hairy robe, and they call his 
name Esau; -"and afterwards hath his bro- 
ther come out, and his hand is taking hold on 
Esau's liccl, and one callcth his name Jacob; 
and Isaac is a son of sixty years in her bear- 
ing them. 

-" And the youtlis grew, and Esau is a man 
acouainted inlli, liunting, a man of the field ; 
and Jacob is a plain man, inhabiting tents ; 
-^aud Isaac loveth Esau, for /«> hunting is 
in his mouth; and Rebekah is loving Jacob. 

-"And Jacob boileth pottage^ and Esau 
cometh in from the tield, and lie is weary ; 
■'"and Esau saith unto Jacob, 'Let me cat, 1 
pray thee, some of this red red thing, for I am 
weary;' therefore hath one called his name 
Edom [Red] ; ^' and Jacoli saith, ' Sell to-day 
tliv birthright to me.' 

^'- And Esau saith, ' Lo, I am going to die, 
and wliat is this to me — birthright?' -"and 
Jacob saith, 'Swear to me to-day:' and )ic 
swcareth to him, and selletli his birthright to 
Jacob ; ''^ and .lacob hath given to Esau bread 
and pottage of lentiles, and he eateth, and 
drinketh, and riseth, and goeth ; and Esau de- 
spisctli the birthriglit. 

XXVI. ' AND there is a famine in the 
land, besides the first famine wliich was iu 
the flavs of Abraham, and Isaac goeth unto 
Abimelech king of the rhilistiucs, to Gerar. 

-And Jehovah appcareth unto him, and 



Isaacs prosperity. 



XXVI. 3.-GENESIS.— xxvn. 10. 



Isaac at Beer-Sheha. 



saitli, ' Go not down towards E.!,^it, taber- 
uaolo iu the land concerning which I speak 
unto tliee, •'sojourn iu this laud, and I am 
with thee, and bless thee, for to thee and to 
thy seed I give all these lands, and I have 
established the oath which I liave sworn to 
Abraham thy father; ■^ and I have nudtiplied 
thy seed as stars of the heavens, and I 
have given to thy seed all these lands; and 
blessed themselves in thy seed have all na- 
tions of the earth- ^because that Abraham 
hath hearkened to My voice, and keepeth My 
charge, My commands, My statutes, and My 
laws. ' 

^ And Isaac dwelleth in Gerar ; ^ and men 
cf the place ask him of his wife, and he saith, 
' She is my sister : ' for lie hath been afraid to 
say, ' My wife — lest the men of the place kill 
me for Rebekah, for she is of good appearance.' 

8 And it cometh to pass, when the days 
have been prolonged to him there, that Abime- 
lech Iving of the rhili.-tines looketh through 
the window, and seetu, and lo, Isaac is play- 
ing with Rebekah his ^vife. 

f And Abimelech calleth for Isaac, and 
saith, ' Lo, she is surely thy wife ; and how 
hast thou said. She is my sister?' and Isaac 
saith unto him, ' Because I said, Lest I die 
for her.' 

^" And Abimelech saith, ' What is this thou 
hast done to us? as a little thing one of the 
people had lain with thy wife, and thou hadst 
brought upon us guilt ;' '■^ and Abimelech com- 
mandeth all the people, saying, ' He who 
Cometh against this man or against his wife, 
dying dotli die.' 

^'^ And Isaac soweth in that land, and find- 
eth in that year a hundred-fold, and Jehovah 
blesseth him ; '^ and the man is gi-eat, and 
goeth on, going on and becoming great, till 
that he hath been veiy great, "and he hath 
possession of a flock, and possession of a herd, 
and an abundant service • and the Philistines 
envy him, i^ and all the wells which his 
father's servants digged in the days of Abra- 
ham his father, the Philistines have stopped 
them, and fill them with dust. 

^''And Abimelech saith imto Isaac, *Go 
from us ; for thou hast become mucb mightier 
than we ;' ^^ and Isaac goeth from thence, and 
encamiietli in the valley of Gerar, and dwell- 
eth there ; ^^ and Isaac turneth back, and 
diggeth the wells of water which they digged 
in the days of Abraham his father, Avhich the 
Philistines do stop after the death of Abra- 
ham, and he calleth to them names according 
to the names which his father called them. 

^"And Isaac's servants dig in the valley, 
and find there a well of living water, -•'and 
shepherds of Gerar strive with shepherds of 
Isaac, saying, ' The water is ours ; ' and he 
calleth the name of the well ' Strife,' be- 
cause they have striven habitually with him ; 
*^ and they dig another well, and they strive 
also for it, and he calleth its name ' Hatred.' 

"'•'Aud he rcmoveth from thence, and dig- 
geth another well, and they have not striven 
for it, and he calleth its name Enlargements, 
and saith, ' For — now hath Jehovah given 
enlargement to us, and we have been fruitful 
in the land.' 



^^ And he goeth up from thence to Beer- 
eheba, **aud Jehovali appcareth unto him 
during that night, and saitli, ' I am the God 
of Abraham thy father, fear not, for I am 
with thee, and have blessed thee, and have 
nudtiphed thy seed, because of Abraham My 
servant ; ' -s and he buildeth there an altar, 
and preacheth in the name of Jehovah, and 
stretcheth out there liis tent, and there Isaac's 
servants dig a well. 

-" And Abimelech hath gone unto him from 
Gerar, and Ahuzzath his friend, and Phichol 
head of his host ; '^ and Isaac saith unto them 
' Wherefore have yecomeuntome, and ye have 
hated me, and ye send me away from you ? ' 

-*And they say, 'We have certainly seen 
that Jehovah hath been with thee, and we 
say, ' Let there be, we pray thee, an oath be- 
tween us, between us and. thee, and let us 
make a covenant with thee; -'•'do not evil 
with us, as we have not touched thee, and as 
we have only done good with thee, and send 
thee away in peace; thou art now blessed ot 
Jehovah. 

3" And he maketh for them a banquet, and 
they eat and drink, ^i and rise early in the 
morning, and swear one to another, and Isaac 
sendeth them away, and they go from him in 
peace. 

^- And it cometh to passdiu-iug that day that 
Isaac's servants come and declare to him con- 
cerning the circumstances of the well which 
tliey have digged, and say to liim, ' We havo 
found water;' ^s^nd he caUeth it Shebah, 
\oath], therefore the name of the city is Beer- 
Sheba, hvell of the oath], unto this day. 

^ Ahd Esau is a son of forty years, and he 
taketh a wife, Judith, daughter of Beeri the 
Hittite, and Bashemath, daughter of Elon 
the Hittite, ^5 and they are a bitterness of 
spirit to Isaac and to Ptcbekah. 

XXVII. 1 AND it cometh to pass that Isaac 
is aged, and his eyes are too dim for seeing, 
and he calleth Esau his elder son, and saith 
unto him, ' My son ;' and he saith unto him, 
'Here am I.' 

^ And he saith, ' Lo, I pray thee, I have be- 
come aged, I have not known the day of my 
death ; ■^ and now, take up, I pray thee, thy 
instruments, thy quiver, and thy bow, and 
go out to the field, and hunt for me ijrovision, 
^and make for me tastefid things, such as I 
have loved, and bring in to me, and I do eat, 
so that my soid doth bless thee before I die.' 

* And Rebekah is heai-kening while Isaac is 
spealdug unto Esau his son ; and Esau goeth 
to the held to hunt provision — to bring in; 
"and Rebekah hath spoken imto Jacob her 
son, saying, 'Lo, I have heard thy father 
speakinj^ unto Esau thy brother, saying, 
^ Bring for me provision, and make for me 
tdstefid things, and I do eat, and bless thee 
before Jehovah before my death. 

^ ' And now, my sou, hearken to my voice, 
to that which I am commanding thee: "Go, 
I pray thee, imto the Hock, and take for me 
from thence two good kids of the goats, and 
I make them tastefid thiugs for thy father, 
■mch as he hath loved ; i" and thou hast taken 
in to thy father, and he hath eaten, so that 
his soul doth bless thee before liis deatli. 
17 



Jacob deceives his father xxvii. 11. — GENESIS.— xxviii. 3. and sent to Padan-Aram. 



^1 And Jacob saitli imtoRebokali liis mother, 
' Lo, Esau my brother is a hairy mau, aud I a 
smooth man, i- it may be my fatlier doth feel 
me, and I have been in liis eyes as a deceiver, 
and have brought mion mc disesteem, and not 
a blessing;' ^^and his mother saith to him, 
' On me thy disesteem, my son ; only hearken 
to my voice, and go, take for me.' 

"And he goeth, and taketh, and bringeth 
to his mother, and his mother maketh taste- 
ful things, such as his father liath loved; 
'^ and Rebekah taketh the desirable gar- 
ments of Esau her elder son, which are with 
her in the house, and doth put on Jacob her 
younger son ; ^^ and the sldns of the kids of 
the goats she hath put on his hands, and on the 
smooth of his neck, ^''and she giveth the 
tasteful things, and the bread which she hath 
made, into the hand of Jacob her son. 

^'^AJid he Cometh in unto his father, and 
.saith, ' My father ; ' and he saith, ' Here am 
I; who ai-t thou, my son?' ^^ And Jacob 
saith unto his father, ' I avi Esau thy first- 
born ; I have done as thou hast spoken unto 
me ; rise, I pray thee, sit, and eat of my pro- 
vision, so that thy soul doth bless me.' 

-''And Isaac saith imto his son, 'What is 
this thou hast hasted to find, my son ?' and 
he saith, ' That which Jehovah thy God hath 
caused to come before me.' 

-* And Isaac saith unto Jacob, ' Come nigh, 
1 pray thee, and I feel thee, my son, whether 
thou art he, my son Esau, or not.' 

""And Jacob cometh nigh unto Isaac his 
father, and he feeleth him, and saith, 'The 
voice is the voice of Jacob, aud the hands 
hands of Esau.' -^ And ho hath not dis- 
cerned him, for his hands have been hairy, as 
the hands of Esau his brother, and he bless- 
eth him, ^ and saith, ' Thou art he — my son 
Esau?' and he saith ' I am.\ 

-"And he saith, 'Bring nigh to me, and I 
do eat of my son's provision, so that my soul 
doth bless thee;' and he bringeth nigh to 
him, and he eateth ; aud he bringeth to him 
wine, and lie drinketh. 

"'' And Isaac his father saith to him, ' Come 
nigh, I pray thee, aud kiss me. iny son ; ' 
'-''' and he cometh nigh, and liissetli him, and 
he smelleth the fragrance of his garments, 
and blesseth him, aud saith, 'Sec, the fra- 
i^ance of my sou is as tlie fragrance of a 
held which Jehovah hath blessed: "^and God 
doth give to thee of the dew of Iieaven, and 
of the fatness of the earth, and abundance 
of corn and wine; -^ peoples serve thee, and 
nations bow themselves to thee, be thou 
mighty over thy brethren, and the sons of thy 
mother bow themselves to thee ; tliose who 
curse thee are cursed, and those who bless 
thee are blessed.' 

^"And it cometh to pass, as Isaac hath 
finished blessing Jacob, and Jacob is only 
just going out from the presence of Isaac 
his father, that Esau his brother hath come 
in from his hunting; ^^and he also maketh 
tasteful things, and bringeth to his father, 
and saith to his father, ' Let my father arise, 
and eat of his son's provision, so that thy 
Boul doth bless me.' 

3- Aud Isaac his father saith to him, ' \Vlio 
18 



art thou?' and he saith, 'I am thy son, thy 
tirst-born, Esau ;' •'^ and Isaac trembleth a 
very great trembling, and saith, ' Wlio, now, 
is he who hath i^rovided i)rovisi()n, and bring- 
eth in to me, and I eat of all before thou 
comest in, and I bless him? — yea, blessed 
is he.' 

^■' When Esau heareth the words of his 
father, then he crieth a very great and bitter 
cry, and saith to his father, 'Bless me, me 
also, my father ; ' ^^ and he saith, ' Thy 
brother hath come with subtilty, and taketn 
thy blessing.' 

^'And he saith, 'Is it because one called 
his name Jacob that he doth take me by tlie 
heel these two times ? my birthright he hath 
taken ; and lo, now, he hath taken my bless- 
ing ; ' lie saith also, ' Hast thou not kept back 
a blessing for me?' 

3'' And Isaac answereth and saith to Esau, 
' Lo, a miglity one have I set liim over thee, 
and all his brethren have I given to him for 
servants, and with corn and \vine have I sus- 
tained mm; and for thee now, what shall I 
do, my son?' 

38 And Esan saith unto his father, 'One 
blessing hast thou my father? bless me, me 
also, my father;' and Esau lifteth up Ids 
voice, and weepeth. 

38 And Isaac liis father answereth and saith 
imto liim, ' Lo, of the fatness of the earth is 
thy dwelling, and of the dew of the heavens 
from above; '"'and by thy sword dost thou 
live, and thy brother dost thou serve ; and it 
hath come to pass when thou rulest, that 
thou hast broken his yoke from off thy neck.' 

••^Ajid Esau hateth Jacob, because of the 
blessing with which his fatuer blessed him, 
and Esau saith in his heart, 'The da^ys of 
mourning for my father draw near, and I slay 
Jacob my brother.' 

*- And the words of Esau her elder son are 
declared to Rebekah, and she sendeth and 
calleth for Jacob her younger son, and saith 
unto him, ' Lo, Esau thy brother is comfort- 
ing himself in regard to thee — to sla,y thee ; 
■*3and now, my son, hearken to my voice, and 
rise, flee for thyself imto Laban my brotlicr, 
to Haran, ■"and thou hast dwelt wtli him 
some days, till thy brother's fm-y turn back, 
^^till thy brother's anger turn back from thee, 
and lie hath forgotten that wliich thou hast 
done to him, and I liave scut and taken thee 
from thence; why am I bereaved even of you 
both the same day?' 

^'' And Rebekah saith unto Isaac, ' I have 
been tlisgusted with my life because of tlic 
presence of the daughters of Heth ; if Jacob 
talce a wife of the daughters of Heth, like 
these — from the dauglitcrs of the land — why 
do I live?' 

XXVIII. 1 AND Isaac calleth unto Jacob, 
and blesseth him, and commandeth him, and 
saitli to him, 'Thou dost not take a \viie of 
the daughters of Caanan; -rise, go to Padan- 
Arani, to the liouse of Bcthuel. thy mother's 
fatlier, and take for thyself irom thence a 
wife, of the daughters of Laban, thy mother's 
brotlier: ^and God Almighty doth bless thee, 
and make thee friutful, and multhily thee, 
and thou hast become an assembly of peoples; 



JacoVa dream. 



xxTiii. 4— GENESIS.— XXIX. 24. 



Jacob at Padan-Aram. 



*and lie doth give to tliee the blessing of 
Abraham, to thee and to thy seed ^\^tll thee, 
to cause thee to possess the hand of thy so- 
journiugs, which God gave to Abraham.' 

'And Isaac sendeth away Jacob, and he 
goeth to Padan-Aram, unto Laban, son of 
Bethuel the Aramrean, brother of Rcbekali, 
mother of Jacob and Esau. 

"And Esaii seeth that Isaac hatli blessed 
Jacob, and hath sent him to Padan-Aram 
to take to himseK from thence a wife — in his 
blessing him that he layeth a charge upon 
him, saying, Thou dost not take a wife from 
the daughters of Canaan — '' that Jacob heark- 
eneth imto his father and unto his mother, 
and goeth to Padan-Aram — ** and Esau seeth 
that the daughters of Canaan are evil in the 
eyes of Isaac his father, ^ and Esau goeth 
imto Ishmael, aud taketh Mahalath, daugh- 
ter of Ishmael, Abraham's sou, sister of 
Nebajoth, imto his wives, to himself, for a 
wife. 

^"And Jacob goeth out from Beer-Sheba, 
and goeth toward Haran, ^^ and he toucheth 
at a certain place, and lodgeth there, for the 
sun hath gone in, and he taketh of the stones 
of the place, and maketh them his pillows, 
and lieth down in that place. 

1" Aud he dreameth, and lo,_a ladder set up 
on the earth, and its head is touching the 
heavens ; and lo, messengers of God are go- 
ing up and coming down by it ; '^andlo, Je- 
hovah is standing iq^on it, and He saith, ' I 
am, Jehovah, God of Abraham thy father, 
and God of Isaac; the land on which thou 
art lying, to thee I give it, and to thy seed ; 
1* and tiiy seed hath been as the dust of the 
land, and thou hast broken forth westward, 
and eastward, and northward, and south- 
ward, and all families of the gi'ound have 
been blessed in thee and in thy seed. 

^^ ' And lo, I am with thee, and have kept 
thee whithersoever thou goest, and have 
caused thee to tui-n back unto tliis ground ; 
for I leave thee not till that I have surely 
done that which I have spoken to thee.' 

^^ And Jacob aM'aketh out of his sleep, and 
saith, ' Siu'cly Jehovah is in this place, and I 
knew not ;' ^'' and he feareth, and saith, ' How 
fearfid is this place ; this is nothing but a 
house of God, and this a gateof the heavens.' 

^* And Jacol) riseth early in the morning, 
and taketh the stone which he hath made 
his pillows, and maketh it a standing jiillar, 
and poureth oil upon its top, i" and he call- 
eth tlie name of that place Bethel, [house of 
God], and yet, Luz is the name of the city at 
the first. 

-* And Jacob voweth a vow, saying, ' See- 
ing God is with me, aud hath kept me in 
this way which I am going, and hath given to 
me bread to cat, and a "arment to put on — 
^^ when I have turned back in peace imto the 
house of rny father, and Jehovah hath be- 
come my G-od, -" then this stone which I 
have made a standing pillar is a house of 
God, and all that Thou dost give to me — tith- 
ing I tithe to Thee.' 

XXIX. 1 AND Jacob lifteth up liis feet, 
and goeth towards the laud of the sons of 
the east ; " and he looketh, and lo a well in 



the field, and lo, there three droves of a flock 
crouching by it, for fi-om that well they 
water the droves, and the great stone is on 
the mouth of the well. 

3 (When thither have all the droves been 
gathered, and they have rolled the stone from 
off the mouth of the well, aud have watered 
the Hock, then they have turned back the 
stone on the mouth of the well to its place.) 

•* And Jacob saith to them, ' My bretliren, 
from whence are ye?' and they say, 'We 
are from Haran.' ' ^nd he saith to them, 
'Have ye known Laban, son of Nahor?' and 
they say, 'We have known.' "And he saith 
to them, 'Hath he peace?' and they say, 
' Peace ; and lo, Rachel his daughter is com- 
ing with the flock.' 

''And he saith, ' Lo, the day is still great, 
it is not time for the cattle to be gathered ; 
water ye the flock, and go, delight your- 
selves.' 8 And they say, 'We are not able, 
till that all the droves be gathered together, 
and they have rolled away the stone from 
the mouth of the well, and we have watered 
the flock.' 

" He is yet speaking with them, and Rachel 
hath come with the flock which her father 
hath, for she is shepherdess ; '" and it com- 
eth to pass when Jacob hath seen Rachel, 
daughter of Laban his mother's l^rother, and 
the flock of Laban his mother's brother, that 
Jacob cometh nigh and rolleth the stone 
from off the mouth of the well, and watereth 
the flock of Laban his mother's brother. 

11 And Jacob kisseth Rachel, aud lifteth 
up his voice, and weepeth, I'^and Jacob de- 
clareth to Rachel that he is her father's 
brother, and that he is Rebekah's son, and 
she nmneth and declareth to her father. 

13 And it cometh to pass, when Laban hear- 
eth the report of Jacob his sister's son, that 
he runneth to meet him, and embraceth him, 
and kisseth him, and bringeth him in unto 
his house ; and he recounteth to Laban all 
these things, i^ and Laban saith to him, 
' Only my bone and my flesh a7-t thou ; ' and 
he dwelleth with him a month of days. 

1' And Laban saith to Jacob, ' Is it because 
thou art my brother that thou hast served 
me for nought? declare to me what is thy 
hire.' i" And Laban hath two daughters, the 
name of the elder is Leah, and the name of 
the younger Rachel, ^''and the eyes of Leah 
«?'e tender, and Rachel hath been fair of 
form and fair of appearance. 

18 And Jacob loveth Rachel, and saith, ' I 
serve thee seven years for Rachel thy younger 
daughter:' i^ and Laban saith, 'It is better 
for me to give her to thee than to give her 
to another man ; dwell with me ;' "* and Jacob 
sei-veth for Rachel seven years ; and they are 
in his eyes as some days, because of his lov- 
ing her. 

-1 And Jacob saith unto Laban, ' Give up 
my wife, for my days have been fulfilled, and 
I go in unto her ; ' -^ and Laban gathereth all 
the men of the place, and maketh a banquet. 
-•' And it cometh to pass in the evening, that 
he taketh Leah, his daughter, and bringeth 
her in imto him, and he goeth in unto her ; 
"* aud Laban giveth to her Zilpah, his maid- 
19 



Jaeofs marriage. 



XXIX. 25.— GENESIS.— XXX. 33. 



Birth ofJaeoVs children. 



aerv.ant, to Lnah his fl.angliter, a maid-ser- 
vant. 

"^And it cometli to ])aRa in the morninf?, 
that ]o, it /.9 Lpah ; and ho. saith unto Laban, 
' What is this thou hast done to me ? for Ra- 
chel have I not sorved with thee ? and wliy 
hast thou deceived mo?' 

"'• And Laban saith, ' It is not done so in 
our place, to jjive the younger before the 
lirst-porn ; -■' fulfil the week of this one, and 
we ijive to thee also this one, for the service 
which thou dost serve witli me yet seven 
other years.' 

"8 And Jacob doth so, and fulfilleth the 
week of this one, and he giveth to him Eachel 
his daughter, to him for a wife; --'and Laban 
e^veth to Rachel his daughter Bilhah his 
maid-servant, for a maid-servant to her. 
^*And he goeth in also unto Rachel, and he 
also loveth Rachel more than Leah ; and he 
serveth with him yet seven other years. 

^1 And Jehovah seeth that Leah is the hated 
one, and He openeth her womb, and Rachel 
w barren; ^"and Leah conceiveth, andbeareth 
a son, and calletli his name Reuben, for slie 
said, ' Because .Jehovah liath looked on mine 
affliction ; because now doth my husband love 
me.' 

3^ And she conceiveth again, and beareth 
a son, and saith, 'Because Jehovah hath 
heard that I avi the hated one. He also giv- 
eth to me even this one;' and she calleth his 
name Simeon. 

^■'And she conceiveth again, and beareth 
a son, and saith, ' Now is the time, my hus- 
band is joined unto me, because I liave born 
to him three sons,' therefore hath one called 
his name Levi. 

^'And she conceiveth again, and beareth 
a son, and saith this time, ' I praise Jehovah ; ' 
tlierefore hath she called his name Judah ; 
and slio ceaseth from bearing. 

XXX. lAND Racliel seetli that she hatli 
not borne to Jacob, and Rachel is envious of 
her sister, and saith imto Jacob, 'Give me 
sons, and if there is none — I die.' ^And 
Jacob's anger burneth against Rachel, and he 
saith, 'Am I in stead of God who hath with- 
held from thee the fruit of the womb?' 

^ And she saith, 'Ivo, my handmaid Bilhah, 
go in imto her, and she doth bear on my 
Icnees, and I am built up, even I, from her;' 
■•and she giveth to liim Bilhah lier maid-sei'- 
vant for a wife, and Jacob goeth in imto her; 
*and Bilhah conceiveth, and beareth to .Jacob 
a_ son, "and Rachel saitli, 'God hatli de- 
cided for me, and also hath hearkened to my 
voice, and givcith to me a son ;' therefore hatli 
she called his name Dan. 

^And Bilhah, Rachel's maid-servant, con- 
ceivetli again, and bearetli a second son to 
Jacob, 8 and Rachel saitli, ' With wrestlings 
of God I liave wrestled with my sister, yea, 
I have prevailed;' and she calleth his name 
Na] ithali. 

* ALud Loali seeth that she hath ceased from 
bearing, and she taketh Ziljiah her maid- 
servant, and givctli lier to .Jacob fora^vife; 
"*and Ziljiah, Leah's niaidsisrvant, Ix'.uctli 
to Jacob a son, "and Leali saitli, 'A troop 
is coming;' and slie calleth his name GacL 
20 



J' And Zilpah, Le.ah's maid-servant, beareth 
a second son to .Jacob, '•' and Tjoali saith, 
' Because of my happiness, for d.iughtors liave 
pronoimced me haxipy;' and she calleth his 
name Asher. 

^'* And Reuben goeth in the days of wheat- 
liarvcst, and findeth love-.-vjijiles in the field, 
and bringeth them in unto Leah, his mother, 
and Rachel saith unto Leah, ' Give to me, I 
pray thee, of the love-apples of thy son.' 

^^And she saith to her, 'Is thy taking my 
husband a little thing, that thoTi hast taken 
also the love-apples oif my son ?' and Rachel 
saith, 'Therefore doth he lie with thee to- 
night, for thy son's love-apples.' 

i^And Jacob cometh in from the field at 
evening; and Leah goeth to meet him, and 
saith, 'Unto me dost thou come in, for hiring 
I have hired thee with my son's love-apples ;' 
and he lieth %vith lier during that night. 

i^And God hearkeneth unto Leah, and she 
conceiveth, and beareth to .Jacob a son, a fifth, 
^^and Leah saith, 'God hath given my hire, 
because I have given my maid-servant to 
my Inisband;' and she calleth his name 
Issachar. 

^''And conceive again doth Leah, and she 
beareth a sixth son to Jacob, ""and Leah 
saith, ' God Iiath endowed me — a good do^vTy; 
this time doth my husband dwell with me, 
for I have borne to him six sons;' and she 
calleth his name Zebulun ; -^ and afterwards 
hath she born a daughter, and calleth her 
name Dinah. 

" And God remembereth Rachel, and God 
liearkeneth unto her, and openeth her womb, 
-'■* and she conceiveth and beareth a son, 
and saith, 'God hath gathered up my re- 
proach;' '^ and she calleth his name Joseph, 
saying, 'Jehovah is adding to me another 
son.' 

-''And it cometh to pass, when Rachel hatli 
borne Joseph, that Jacol) saith tmto Laban, 
' Send me away, and I go unto my place, and 
to my land ; "" give up my \vives and mv 
children, for whom I have served thee, and t 
go; for thou — thou hast lvno"\\Ti my service 
which I have served thee.' 

-^And Laban saith unto him, 'If, I pray 
tliee, I have found grace in thine eyes — I 
liavc observed diligently that Jehovah doth 
bless me for tliy sake.' -'*'He saith also, ' De- 
line thy hire to me, and I give.' 

-•'And he saith unto him, 'Thoii — thou 
liast knoA\T] that whicli I have sei-ved thee 
?■??, and that wliich thy substance was with 
me; 3" for it. is little which thou hast had 
at my appearance, and it breaketh forth into 
a multitude, and Jehov.ah blcsseth thee at 
my coming; and now, when do I make, 1 
also, for mine own house?' 

31 And ho saith, ' What do I give to thee ?' 
And Jacob saith, 'Thou dost not give me 
anything ; if thou do for me this thing, 1 
turn back ; I have delight; thy flock I watch; 
■'-I pass through all thy flock to-day to turn 
aside from thence every sheep speckled and 
s] lotted, and every brown slieep among the 
lambs, and siteckled and sjiotted among 
the goats— and it liath been my iiirc; •'■'ana 
my righteousness hath answered for me in 



JacoVs bargain with Lahan. xxx. 34 — GENEStS. — xxxi. 31. 



Jacob's deparhtfe. 



the day to come, when it cometh in for my 
hire before thy face ; — every one which is 
not speckled and spotted amonp viy goats, 
and brown among viy lambs — it is stolen 
with me.' 

^■* And Laban saith, ' Lo, that it were 
according to thy word;' ^^ and he tnrneth aside 
during that day the ring-straked and the 
spotted he-goats, and all the speckled and 
the spotted she-goats, every one that Jiaih 
white in it, and every brown one among the 
lambs, and he givetli into the hand oi his 
sons, 3^ and setteth a journey of three days 
between himself and Jacob ; and Jacob is 
feeding the rest of the flock of Laban. 

37 And Jacob taketli to himself a rod of 
fresh poplar, and of the hazel and chesnut, 
and doth peel in them white peelings, mak- 
ing bare the white that is on the rods, ^ and 
setteth )ip the rods which he hath peeled 
in the gntters in the wate^in^ troughs (when 
the flock cometli in to drink), over-again.st 
the flock, that they may conceive in their 
coming in to di-iuk ; ^s and the flocks conceive 
at the rods, and the flock beareth ring- 
straked, speckled, and spotted ones. 

^"And tlie lambs hath Jacob parted, and 
lie pntteth the face of the flock towards the 
ring-straked, also all the brown in the flock 
of Laban, and he setteth his own di-oves by 
themselves, and hath not set them near 
Laban's flock. ^^ And it hath come to pass 
whenever the strong ones of the flock con- 
ceive, that Jacob set the rods before the eyes 
of the flock in the .irutters, to cause them to 
conceive bv the rods, ■*" and when the flock 
is feeble, he doth not set them : and the 
feeble ones have been Laban's, and the strong 
ones Jacob's. 

^3 And the man increaseth very exceed- 
ingly, and liath many flocks, and maid-ser- 
vants, and men-servants, and camels, and 
asses. 

XXXI. 1 AND he lieareth the words of 
Laban's sons, saying, 'Jacob hath taken all 
that our father liatli ; yea, from that which 
our father hath, lie liath made all this 
honour ;' - and Jacob seeth the face of Laban, 
and lo, it is not with him as heretofore. 

•' And Jehovah saith imto Jacob, ' Turn 
back unto the land of thy fathers, and to 
thy kindred, and I am with thee.' 

^ And Jacob seudeth and calleth for Rachel 
and for Leali to the field unto his flock ; 
'and saith to them, 'I am beholding your 
father's face— that it is not towards me as 
heretofore, and the God of my father hath 
been with me, " and ye— ye have known that 
with all my power I have served your father, 
' and your father hath played upon me, 
and hath changed my hire ten times; and 
God hath not sufiered him to do evil with 
me. 

8 ' If he say thus : The speckled are thy 
hire, then bare all the flock speckled ones ; 
and if he say thus : The ring-straked are thy 
hire, then bare all the flock ring-straked ; 
8 and God taketh away the substance of your 
father, and doth give to me. 

^"'And it cometh to pass at the time of 
the flock conceiving, that I lift up mine eyes 



and see in a dream, and lo. the he-goats, 
which are going up on the flock, are ring- 
straked, speckled, and grisled ; ^i and the 
messenger of God saith iinto me in the dream, 
Jacob, and I say, Here aiii I. 

^2 'And He saith, Lift up, I pray thee, thine 
eyes, and see — all the he-goats which are 
going up on the flock are ring-straked. 
speckled, and grisled, for I have seen all 
that Laban is doing to thee ; ^^ I am the 
God of Bethel where thou hast anointed a 
standing pillar, where thou hast vowed a 
vow to me ; now, arise, go out from this 
land, and turn back unto the land of thv 
birth.' 

^■*And Rachel answereth — Leah also — and 
saith to him, ' Have we yet a portion and in- 
heritance in the house of our father? ^'have 
we not been reckoned strangers to him ? for 
he hath sold us, and he also utterly consum- 
eth our money; ^"for all the wealth which 
God hath taken away from our father, it is 
ours, and our children's; and now, all that 
God hath said unto thee — do.' 

17 And Jacob riseth, and lifteth up his 
sons and his wives on the camels, ^^ and 
leadeth all his cattle, and all his substance 
which he hath acqmred, the cattle of his 
getting, which he hath acquired in Padan- 
Aram, to go unto Isaac his father, to the land 
of Canaan. 

1^ And Laban hath gone to shear his flock, 
and Rachel stealetli the teraphim which her 
father hath ; ^^ and Jacob deceiveth the 
heart of Laban the Aramaean, because he 
hath not declared to him that he is fleeing : 
^^ and he fleeth, he and all that he hath, and 
riseth, and passeth over the River, and set- 
teth his face toward the moimt of Gilead. 

-^ And it is told to Laban on the third day 
that Jacob hath fled, -^and he taketh his 
brethren with him, and pursueth after him 
a journey of seven days, and overtaketh him 
in the mount of Gilead. 

^ And God cometh in unto Laban the Ara- 
masau in a dream of the night, and saith to 
him, 'Take heed to thyself lest thou speak 
with Jacob from good unto evil.' ^* And 
Laban overtaketh Jacob ; and Jacob hath 
fixed his tent in the mount ; and Laban with 
his brethren have fixed theirs in the mount of 
Gilead. 

^^And Laban saith to Jacob, 'Wliat hast 
thou doJie that thou dost deceive my heart, 
and lead away my daughters as captives of 
the sword ? "'' Wliy hast thou hidden thyself 
to flee, and deceivest me, and hast not de- 
clared to me, and I send thee away with joy 
and with songs, with tabret and with harji, 
-8 and hast not sufi"ered me to kiss my sons 
and my daughters? — now thou hast acted 
foolishly in doing so; ""my hand is to God 
to do evil with you, but the God of your 
father yesternight hath s])oken imto me, say- 
ing. Take heed to thyself from speaking vnth 
Jacob from good unto evil. 

3" 'And now, thou hast certainly gone, be- 
cause thou hast been very desirous for the 
house of thy father; why hast thou stolen 
my gods?' 

31 And Jacob answereth and saith to lift- 
21 



Jacob's expostulation. 



XXXI. 32.— GENESIS.— XXXII. 16. 



Jacob's distress. 



han, 'Because I was afraid, for I said, Lest 
thou take violently away thy daughters from 
me ; ^" with whomsoever thou fiudest thy gods 
— he doth not live ; before our brethren dis- 
tern for thyself what is with me, and take to 
thyself:' and Jacob hath not kxio\vn that 
Rachel hath stolen them. 

^ And Laban goeth into the tent of Jacob, 
and into the tent of Leah, and into the tent 
of the two hand-maidens, and hath not foimd ; 
and he goeth out from the tent of Leah, and 
goeth into tlie tent of Rachel. 

^^And Rachel hath taken the teraphim, 
and putteth them in the furniture of the 
camel, and sitteth ujion them ; and Laban 
feeleth all the tent, and hath not found; 
3' and she sajtli imto her father, ' Let it not be 
displeasing in the eves of my lord tliat I am 
not able to rise at thy presence, for the way 
of women is on me;' and he searcheth, and 
hath not found the teraphim. 

3^ And it is displeasing to Jacob, and he 
striveth with Laban ; and Jacob answereth 
And saith to Laban, ' Wliat is my transgres- 
sion? what my sin, that tliou hast burned 
after me? ^''iov thou hast felt all my vessels: 
tvhat hast thou found of all the vessels of thy 
house? set here before my brethren, and thy 
brethren, and they decide between us both. 

^^ ' These twenty years I am with thee : thy 
ewes and thy she-goats have not miscarried, 
and the rams of thy flock I have not eaten ; 
^"the torn I have not brought in imto thee — 
1, I repay it — from my hand thou dost seek 
it ; I have been deceived by day, and I have 
been deceived by night ; *" I have been thus : 
in the day consimied me hath drought, and 
frost by night, and wander doth my sleep from 
mine eyes. 

^1 ' This is to me twenty years in thy house : 
[ have served thee foiu-teen years for thy two 
daugliters, and six years for thy flock ; and 
thou changest my hire ten times; *- unless 
the God of my father, the God of Abraham, 
and the Fear of Isaac, had l^een for me, 
surely now empty thou hadst sent me away ; 
mine affliction and the labour of my hands 
hath God seen, and rcproveth yesternight.' 

^''Aud Laban answereth and saith unto 
Jacob, 'The daiighters a?"e my daughters, and 
the sons my sons, and the flock my nock, 
and all that thou art seeing w? mine ; and to 
my daughters — what do I to these to-day, oi- 
to their sons whom tliey have born? ^'and 
now, come, let us make a covenant, I and 
thou, and it hath been for a ^vitness betweeii 
me and tliee.' 

■"' And Jacob taketh a stone, and liftcth it 
u\} for a standing pillar; '"\ind Jacob saith 
to nis brethren, 'Gather stones,' and they 
take stones, and make a heap ; and tliey eat 
there on the heap; ^^and Laban calleth it 
Jegar-Sahadutha; and Jacob hath called it 
Galced. 

^''And Laban saith, 'This lieap ts \vitness 
between me and thee to-day;' therefore hath 
he called its name Galecd; *'Miz])ah also, 
for he said, 'Jehovah doth watch between me 
and thee, for we are hidden one from an- 
other; ''"if thou alliict my daughters, or take 
wives beside my dauglitora — there is no man 
22 



with us — see, God is witness between me and 

tliee.' 

51 A nd Laban saith to Jacob, ' Lo, this heap, 
and lo, the standing pillar which I have cast 
between me and thee; ^-this heap is witness, 
and the standing pillar is witness, that I do 
not pass over this neap unto thee, and that 
thou dost not pass over this heap and this 
standing pillar \uito me — for evU ; ^^ the God 
of Abraham and the God of Nahor, doth judge 
Ijctween us — the God of their father, and 
Jacob sweareth by the Fear of liis father Isaac. 

^■'And Jacob sacrificeth a sacrifice in the 
mount, and calleth to his brethren to eat 
bread, and they eat bread, and lodge in the 
moimt ; ^^ and Laban riseth early in the morn- 
ing, and kisseth his sons and his daughters, 
and blesseth them ; and Laban goeth on, and 
turneth back to his place. 

XXXII. lAKD Jacob hath gone on his 
way, and messengers of God come upon 
him; -and Jacob saith, when he hath seen 
them, ' This is the camp of God ; ' and he call- 
eth the name of that place 'Two Camps.' 

•* And Jacob sendetn messengers before him 
imto Esau his brother, towards the land of 
Seir, the field of Edom, *and commandeth 
them, saying, ' Thus do ye say to my lord, to 
Esau : Thus said thy servant Jacob, With 
Laban I have sojourned, and I tarry imtil 
now ; 5 and I ha^'c ox, and ass, flock, and man- 
servant, and maid-servant, and I send to 
declare to my lord, to find grace in his 
eyes.' 

^ And the messengers turn back ^mto Jacob, 
saying, ' We came in imto thy brother, unto 
Esau, and he also is coming to meet thee, and 
four himdi-ed men with him;' ''and Jacob 
feareth exceedingly, and is distressed, and he 
divideth the people who are with him, and the 
flock, and the herd, and the camels, into two 
camps, ^ and saith, ' If Esau come in imto the 
one camp, and have smitten it — then the 
camp which is left hath been for an escape.' 

''And Jacob saith, 'God of my father Abra- 
ham, and God of my father Isaac, Jehovah 
who saith imto me, Turn back to thy land, 
and to thy Idndred, and I do good with thee : 
1" I have been imworthy of all the kind acts, 
and of all the truth which Thou hast done 
with thy servant — for, \vith my staff I passed 
over this Jordan, and now 1 have become two 
camps. 

11 Deliver me, I pray Thee, from the hand 
of my brother, from the hand of Esau : for I 
am fearing him, less he come and have smit- 
ten me — mother beside sons ; i-and Thoii — 
Thou hast said, I certainly do good •with 
thee, and have set tliy seed as tiic sand of the 
sea, which is not nimiburcd because of the 
multitude.' 

" And he lodgeth there during that night, 
and taketh from that which is coming into hia 
hand, a preafent for Esau his brother: "she- 
goats two hundred, and he-goats twenty, 
ewes two hundred, and rams twenty, ''suck- 
ling camels and their young ones thirty, cows 
forty, and bullocks ten, she -asses twenty, 
and foals ten ; i" and he givcth into the 
hand of Ids servants, every drove by itself, 
and saith imto his servants, 'Pass over before 



Jacob's meeting with Esau. xxxii. 17.— GENESIS.— xxxiv. 6. 



Dinah dishonoured. 



me, and a space ye do put between di'ovo 
ana drove.' 

^^And he conamandeth the first, saying, 
* When Esau my brother meeteth thee, and 
hath asked thee, saying, Wliose ai't thou? 
and whither goest thou ? and whose are these 
before thee ? ^^ then thou hast said, Thy ser- 
vant Jacob's : it is a present sent to my lord, 
to Esau ; and lo, he also is behind us.' 

^^ And he commaudeth also the second, also 
the third, also all who are going after the 
droves, saying, ' According to this manner do 
ye speak imto Esau in your finding him, 
^° and ye have said also, Lo, thy servant Jacob 
w behind us ;' for he said, ' I pacify his face 
with the present which is going before me, 
and afterwards I see his face ; it may be he 
lifteth up my face ;' -^ and the present passeth 
over before his face, and he hath lodged dm-- 
ing that night in the camp. 

^^And he riseth in that night, and taketh 
his twp wives, and his two maid-servants, 
and his eleven children, and passeth over 
the passage of Jabbok ; -^and he taketh 
them, and causeth them to i)ass over the 
brook, and he causeth that which he hath to 
X^ass over. 

_"Aud Jacob is left alone, and one wi-estleth 
with him till the ascending of the dawn; 
"^ and he seeth that he is not able for him, 
and he cometh against the hollow of his thigh, 
and the hollow of Jacob's thigh is disjointed 
in his wrestling with him; -''and he saith, 
' Send me away, for the dawn hath ascended : ' 
and he saith, ' I send thee not away, excej^t 
thou hast blessed me.' 

-''And he saith unto him, 'What is thy 
name?' and lie saith, 'Jacob.' -^ And he saith, 
' Thy name is no more called Jacob, but Israel ; 
for thou hast been a prince with God and 
with men, and dost prevail.' ^^And Jacob 
asketh. and saith, ' Declare, I pray thee, thy 
name; and he saith, 'Wliy is this, thou 
askest for My name?' and lie blesseth him 
there. 

■ ^•'And Jacol> calleth the name of the place 
Peuiel : for _' I have seen God face imto face, 
and my life is delivered ;' ^^ and the sim riseth 
on him when he hath passed over Penuel, and 
lie is halting on his thigh; ^- therefore the 
sons of Israel do not eat the sinew which 
shi-ank, which is on the hollow of the thigh, 
unto this day, because He came against the 
hollow of Jacob's thigh, against the sinew 
which shrank. 

XXXIII. 1 AND Jacob lifteth up his eyes 
and looketh, and lo, Esau is coming, and 
with him four hundred men ; and he di\T[d- 
eth the children unto Leah, and unto Rachel, 
and unto the two maid-servants ; " and he 
setteth the maid-servants and their chilcb-en 
first, and Leah and her children behind, and 
Rachel and Joseph last. 

^ And he himself passed over before tliem, 
and boweth himself to the earth seven times, 
imtil liis drawing nigh imto his brother, 
■•and Esau runneth to meet him, and em- 
braceth him, and falletli on his neck, and 
kissetli him, and they weep ; ^ and he lifteth 
lip his eyes, and seeth the women and the 
children, and saitli, 'What ai'e these to 



thee?' And he saith, 'The children with 
whom God hath favoured thy servant.' 

^And the maid-servants draw nigh, they 
and their children, and bow themselves ; 
''and Leah also clraweth nigh, and her chil- 
dren, and they bow themselves; and after- 
wards Joseph hath drawn nigh vnth Rachel, 
and they bow themselves. 

8 And he saith, 'What to thee is all this 
camp which I have met?' and he saith, 'To 
find grace in the eyes of my lord.' ^And 
Esau saith, ' I have abundance, my brother, 
let it be to thyself that which tliou'liast.' 

i^And Jacob saith, 'Nay, I pray thee, if, I 
pray thee, I have found grace in thine eyes, 
then thou hast received my present from my 
hand, because that I have seen thy face, as 
the seeing of the face of God, and thou art 
pleased with me ; ^i receive, I pray thee, my 
blessing, which is brought to thee, because 
God hath favoured me, and because I have 
all things;^ and he presseth on him, and he 
receiveth, ^^and saith, 'Let us journey and 
go on, and I go on before thee.' 

^^And he saith unto him, 'My lord know- 
eth that the children are tender, a.ad tb; 
suckling fiock and the herd are with me ; 
when they have beaten them one day, then 
hath aU the fiock died. " Let my lord, I 
pray thee, pass over before his servant, and 
I — I lead on gently, according to the fo-.it of 
the work which is before me and to tlie foot 
of the children, until that I come uutc my 
lord, to Seir.' 

15 And Esau saith, 'Let me, I pray (liee, 
place with thee some of the iieople wlio are 
with me ;' and he said, ' Wliy is this ? I find 
grace in the eyes of my lord.' 

_i<'And turn back on that day doth Esaii on 
his way to Seii* ; i'' and Jacob hath journeyed 
to Succoth, and buildeth to himself a lioi ise, 
and for his cattle hath made booths, tln-.re- 
fore hath he called the name of tlic xiJacc 
Succoth. 

18 And Jacob cometh in to Slialem, a (ity 
of Shechcm, wliich is in the land of Canaan, 
in his coming from Padan-Aram, and en- 
campeth before the city, ^^ and he buy(!th 
the portion of the field where he hath 
stretched out his tent, from the hand of i he 
sons of Hamor, father of Shcchem, for a 
himdred kesitah; -"and he setteth up there 
an altar, and proclaimeth at it God — tlic 
God of Israel. 

XXXIV. lAND Dinah, daughter of Leali, 
Avhom she hath borne to Jacob, goeth ont 
to look on the daughters of the land, -and 
Shechem, son of Hamor the Hivite, a prince 
of the land, seeth her, and taketh her 
and lieth with her, and humbleth her; ^aml 
his soul cleaveth to Dinah, daughter of Ja- 
cob, and he lovetli the yoimg person, and 
speaketh imto the heart of the yoimg per 
son. 

■^Aud Shcchem speaketh unto Hamor his 
father, saying, ' Take for me this damsel 
for a wife. ^ And Jacob liath lieard that he 
hath defiled Dinah his daughter, and his sons 
were with his cattle in the field, and Jacob 
kept silent till their coming. 

''And Hamor, father of Shcchem, goctL 
23 



The Shcchem'des slain. 



xxxiv. 7.— GENliSlS.— XXXV. lo. 



Jacob at Bethels 



out iinto J.acob to speak with him ; " ami 
the sous of Jacoh came iu from the fiehl 
when they lieard, and the men gi-ieve them- 
selves, and it is very displeasing to tliem. 
for folly lie hath done against Israel, to lie 
with tlie duugliter of Jacob — and so it is not 
done. 

8 And Hamor speak eth with them, saying, 
' Shechem, my son, his sonl hatli cleaved to 
vour daughter ; give her, I pray you, to him 
for a wife, ^and join ye in marriage Math 
us; your daughters ye give to us, and our 
daughters ye take to yourselves, ^^ and Avith 
us ye dwell, and the land is before you_; dwell 
ye and trade in it, and have possessions in 
It.' 

11 And Shechem saith unto her father, and 
nnto her brethren, 'Let me find grace in 
vour eyes, and that which ye say unto me, 
I give ; 1" multiply on me exceedingly dowry 
and gift, and I give as ye say unto me, and 
give to me the young person for a ^^ife.' 

" And the sons of Jacob answer Shechem 
and Hamor his father deceitfully, and they 
speak (because he defiled Dinah their sister), 
"and say unto them, ' We arc not able to do 
this thing, to give our sister to one who hath 
a foreskin : for it is a reproach to us. 

15 ' Only for this we consent to you ; if ye be 
as we, to have every male of you circumcised, 
1^ then we have given our daughters to you, 
and your daughters we take to ourselves, 
and we have dwelt with you, and have be- 
come one people; ^''aud if ye liearken not 
unto us to be circumcised, then we have 
taken our daughter, and have goue.' 

18 And their words are good in the eyes of 
Hamor, and in the eyes of Shechem, Hamor's 
son ; 1^ and the young man delayed not to 
do the thing, for he had delight in Jacob's 
daughter, and lie is honom-able above all the 
house of his father. 

^"And Hamor cometh — Shechem his son 
also— unto the gate of their cit>;, and they 
speak unto the men of their city, saying, 
-1 'Tliese men are ]ieaceable with us; tlien let 
them dwell in the land, and trade in it ; and 
the land, lo, is \n(\e before them; their daugh- 
ters let us take to ourselves for wives, and 
our daughters give to them. 

* ' Only for this do the men consent to us, 
to dwell with us, to become one people, iu 
every male of us being circumcised, as they 
are circumcised; -^ their cattle, and their 
substance, and all tlieir beasts— are they uot 
ours? only let us consent to them, and they 
dwell witli us.' 

^* And unto Hamor, and unto Shechem his 
son, hearken do all those going out of the 
gate of his city, and every male is circum- 
cised, all those going out of the gate of his 
city. 

* And it cometh to pass, on tlie tliird day, 
ill their being paiucd, that two of the sous 
of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinali's brethren, 
take each liis sword, and come in against tlie 
city confidentlv, and ,shiv every male ; -''and 
Hamor, and Sliccliein liis son, tliey liave 
slain by the month of the sword, and tlioy 
take Dmah out of Shecijcui's liousc, aud go 
out. 

24 



^ Jacob's sons have come in upon the 
wounded, and they sjioil the city, TCcause 
they had detiled their sister; -•* their flock and 
their herd, and their asses, aud that which 19 
iu the city, and that which is iu the field, have 
they taken ; ^ and all their wealth, and all 
their infants, aud their ■wives they have taken 
captive, and they spoil also all that is in the 
liouse. 

3" And Jacob saith uuto Simeon and unto 
Levi, ' Ye have troubled me, by causing me 
to stink among tlie inhabitants of the land, 
among the Cauaanite, and among the Periz- 
zite: and I am few in number, aud they liave 
been gathered against me, and liavo smitten 
me, and I have been destroyed, I and my 
house.' ^1 And they say, 'As a harlot doth 
he make our sister?* 

XXXV. lAND God saith uuto Jacob. 
' Rise, go up to Bethel, and dwell there, aud 
make there an altar to God, who appeared un- 
to thee in thy fleeing from the face of Esau 
thy brother.' 

^ And Jacob saith unto his hcusehold, and 
uuto all who are with liim, ' Turn aside the 
gods of tlie stranger which are iu your midst, 
and cleanse yourselves, and change your gar- 
ments; 3 and we rise, aud go up to Bethel, 
aud I make there an altar to God, who is 
answering me iu the day of my distress, and is 
with me iu the way that I have gone.' 

* And they give unto Jacob all the gods of 
the stranger tbat are iu tlicir hand, aud the 
rings that are in their eai^s, aud Jacob hideth 
them under the oak which is by Shechem ; 
^ and they journey, and the terror of God is 
ou the cities which are round aboTit them, and 
they have not pursued after the sons of 
Jacob. 

"And Jacob cometh in to Luz which is in 
the laud of Canaan (it is Bethel), he aud all 
the jieople who are w'ith him, " aud lie build- 
eth there an altar, and pioclaimeth at the 
place the God of Bethel : for there had God 
been revealed unto him, iu his fleeing from 
the face of his brother. 

8 And Deborah, Bebekah's nurse, dieth, aud 
she is buried at the lower part of Bethel, im- 
der the oak, aud he calleth its name ' Oak of 
weeping.' 

"And God appearcth uuto Jacob again, in 
his coming from Padau-Aram, and bleaseth 
him; I'^and God saith to him, 'Tliy name is 
Jacob : thy name is no more called Jacob, but 
Israel is thy uame;' and He calleth his uamo 
Israel. 

11 And God saith to him, ' I am God Al- 
mighty; be fruitful and midtiply, a nation 
aud an assembly of natious is from thee, aud 
kings from thy loius go out ; '- and the laud 
which I have given to Abraham and to Isaac 
—to thee I give it, yea to thy seed after thco 
I give the land.' I'^Aud God goeth up from 
him, iu the place where He hath spoken wth 
him. 

^•'Aud Jacob setteth un a standiug pillar 
in the place where He hath spoken with him, 
a staudini; i>il]ar of stone, aud ho iiowreth on 
it an oblation, and he iiouietli on it oil; 
'•"'and Jacob calleth the nanie of the jilaw 
where God si)akc with him Bethel. 



The generations of Esau. xxxv. IC- GENESIS.— xxxvi. 40. 



The chiefs of Edom 



1" Aud tliey joTirney from Bethel, .and there 
is yet a kibrath of land before enterin<j; Eph- 
ratha, and Rachel beareth, and is sharply 
pained in her bearing ; ^^ and it cometli to pass, 
in her being sharply pained in her bearing, 
that the midwife saith to her, ' Fear not, for 
this also is a son for thee.' 

^'^ And it cometh to pass in the going out of 
^er soul (for she died), that she calleth his 
name Pen-Oni • and his father called him Ben- 
jamin; i"and Ilachel dieth^ and is bnried in 
the way to Ephratha, which is Bethlehem, 
'" aud Jacob setteth up a standing pillar over 
lier grave; which is the standing pillar of 
Rachel's grave unto this day. 

-' And Israel journeyeth, aud stretcheth out 
his tent beyond the tower of Edar ; ^■- aud it 
cometh to pass in Israel's dwelling in that 
laud, that Reuben goeth, and lieth Avith Bil- 
hah his father's concubine ; aud Israel hear- 
eth. 

^ Aud the sous of Jacob are twelve. Sons 
of Leah: Jacob's first-born Reuben, aud 
Simeon, aud Levi, aud Judah, aud Issachar, 
aud Zebulun. -■* Sous of Rachel : Joseph and 
Benjamin. -^ Aud sons of Bilhah, Rachel's | 
maid-servaut : Dau and Naphtali. ^"And 
sous of Zilpah, Leah's maid-servant: Gad aud 
Asher. Tliese are sons of Jacob, who have 
been born to him iu Padan-Aram. 

^^ And Jacob cometli unto Isaac his father, 
at Mainre, the city of Arba (which is Heb- 
ron), where Abraham and Isaac have so- 
journed. '^ And the days of Isaac are a hun- 
dred and eighty^ years, -''and Isaac expircth, 
and dieth, and is gathered unto his people, 
aged and satisfied with days; and bury him 
do Esau and Jacob his sous. 

XXXVI. 1 AND these are births of Esau, 
who is Edom. - Esau hath taken his wives 
from the daughters of Canaan : Adah daugh- 
ter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah 
daughter of Anah, daughter of Zibeon the 
Hi\ate, -^ and Bashemath daughter of Ish- 
mael, sister of Nebajoth. '•And Adah bear- 
eth to Esau, Eliphaz; aud Basliematli hath 
born Reuel ; ^ aud Aholibamah hath born 
Jeusli, and Jaalam, aud Korah. These are 
sons of Esau, who were born to him in the 
laud of Canaan. 

" And Esau taketh his %\n ves, aud his sons, 
and his daughters, and all the persons of his 
house, aud his cattle, aud all his beasts, aud 
all his substance which he hath acquired iu 
the laud of Canaan, aud goeth into the coim- 
tryfrom the face of Jacob his brother; ''for 
their substance was more abundant than to 
dwell together, aud the land of their sojouru- 
ings was not able to bear them because of 
their cattle; ^and Esau dwelleth iu moiuit 
Seir: Esau is Edom. 

^And_ these arc, births of Esau, father of 
Edom, in mouut vScir. '" These are the names 
of_ the sons of Esau: Eliphaz son of Adah, 
wife of Esau; Reuel sou of Bashemath, wife 
of Esau. 

i^Aud tlic sons of Eliphaz are Temaii, 
Omar, Zcpho, and Gatam, aud Kciiaz ; ^" and 
Timnath liatli been coneubiue to Elipl)az scui 
of Esau, aud she beareth to Eliphaz, Amalek ; 
these arc sous of Adah wife of Esau. 



" And these are sons of Reuel : Nahath and 
Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah ; these were 
sous of Bashemath wife of Esau. 

" And these have been the sons of Aholi- 
bamah daughter of Anah, daughter of Zibeon, 
wife of Esau ; aud she beareth to Esau, Jeush 
and Jaalam and Korah. 

^^ These are chiefs of the sons of Esau : sons 
of Eliphaz, first-born of Esau: chief Teman, 
chief Omar, chief Zcpho, chief Kenaz, i^ chief 
Korah, chief Gatam, chief Amalek; these 
are chiefs of Eliphaz, iu the land of Edom ; 
these are sons of Adah. 

1'' And these are sous of Reuel son of Esau : 
chief Nahath, chief Zerah, chief Shammah, 
chief Mizzah; these are chiefs of Reuel, in 
the land of Edom; these 07"e sons of Bashe- 
math Avife of Esau. 

^8 Aud these are sons of Aholibamah wife 
of Esau: chief Jeush, chief Jaalam, chief 
Korah; these are chiefs of Aholibamah 
daughter of Anah, wife of Esau. 

I'' These are sons of Esau (who is Edoui), 
and these their chiefs. 

""These are sons of Seir the Horite, the iu- 
habitauts of the land: Lotan, and Sliobal, 
and Zibeon, aud Anah, "^ aud Dishon, and 
Ezer, and Dishauj tlicsc are chiefs of the 
Horites, sons of Seir, iu the land of Edom. 

" Aud the sons of Lotan are Hori and He- 
man : and a sister of Lotau is Timna. 

-' And these are sous of Shobal : Alvan aud 
Mauahath, and Ebal, Shepho and Onam. 

-•'And these are sous of Zibeon, both Ajah 
and Anah: it is Anah that hath found the 
Imim iu the wilderness, iu his feeding the 
asses of Zibeon his father. 

-'' Aud these are sons of Auali: Dishon, aud 
Aholibamah daughter of Anah. 

-''And these are sons of Dishon : Hemdan, 
and Eshban, aud Ithran, and Chcian. 

'^ These are sous of Ezer : Bilhau, and Zaa- 
van, and Akau. 

"8 These are sons of Dishau: Uz and Aran. 

-" These are chiefs of the Horite : chief Lo- 
tau, chief Shobal, cliief Zibeon, chief Anah, 
^^ chief Dishon, chief Ezer, chief Dishau : the.se 
are chiefs of the Horite iu reference to their 
chiefs in the laud of Seir. 

31 And these are the kings who liavc i-cigned 
in the laud of Edom before the reigning of a 
king over the sons of Israel. ^" Aud Bcla son 
of Beor reigiieth iu Edom, aud the name of his 
city is Dinhabah ; ^^ aud I5ela dicth, and reigu 
in liis stead doth Jobab sou of Zerah from Boz- 
rah ; ^* aud Jobab dieth, aud reign in his stead 
doth Husham from the laud of the Teiuauite. 

3s And Husham dieth, aud reigu iu his stead 
doth Hadad son of Bed ad (who siuiteth 
Midian in the field of Moab), and the name of 
his city is Avitli; ^G.iud Hadad dieth, and 
reigu in his stead doth Samlah of Masrekah ; 
•^' and Samlah dieth. aud reign in his stead 
doth Saul from Rehoboth of the River; 3»aud 
Saul dieth, aud reigu iu his stead doth Baal- 
hauau son of AchW; ''" aud Baal-hanau sou 
i>f Achbor dieth, aud riign in his stead doth 
Hadar, aud the uauie of his city is Pau; aud 
liis -wafc's name is TVlclictabel daughter of Mat- 
red, daughter of Me-zaliab. 

*" And these are the names of the uhiefB 
25 



JosepKs dreams. 



XXXVI. 41.- GENESIS.— XXXVIII. 2. 



Ilis hrethren^s cruelty. 



of Esau, according to their families, accord- 
ing to their places, by their names : chief 
Timnah, chief Alvali, chief Jetheth, ^ chief 
Aholibamah, chief Elah, chief Pinon, ''^ chief 
Kenaz, chief Teman, chief Mibzar, ^^ chief 
Magdiel, chief Iram : these are. chiefs of 
Edom, in reference to their dwellings, in the 
land of their possession ; he is Esau father of 
Edom. 

XXXVII. iANT> Jacob dwelleth in the 
land of his father's sojourniugs^in the land 
of Canaan. - These are births of Jacob : 
Joseph, a son of seventeen years, hath been 
enjoying himself -with his brethren among 
thef^ock, (and he is a youth,) with the sons of 
Bilhah, and with the sons of Zilpah, his 
father's wives, and .Joseph bringetn in an 
account of their evil unto their father. 

^ And Israel hath loved Joseph more than 
any of his sons, for he is a son of his old age, 
and hath made for him a long coat ; ^ and his 
brethren see that their father hath loved 
him more than any of his brethren, and they 
Iiate him, and have not been able to speak to 
him peaceably. 

^And .Tosei)h dreameth a dream, and de- 
clai'cth to his bi'cthren, and they add still 
more to hate him. " And he saith unto them, 
'Hear ye, I pray you, this dream which I 
iiave dreamed: "that, lo, wo are binding 
bundles iu the midst of the field, and lo, my 
V)undle hatli arisen, and hath also stood up, 
and lo, your bundles are round about, and 
bow themselves to my bundle.' 

8 And his brethren say to him, ' Dost thou 
certainly reign over us? dost thoti certainly 
rule over us ? ' and they add still more to 
hate him, for his cb-eams, and for his words. 

''And he dreameth yet another dream, and 
recoimteth it to his brethren, and saith, ' Lo, 
I have dreamed a dream again, and lo, the 
sun and the moon, and eleven stars, are bow- 
ing themselves to me.' 

^'' And he rccountcth unto his father, and 
imto his brethren ; and his father pushetl> 
against him, and saith to him, ' Wliat is this 
dream wliich thou liast dreamt? do wc cer- 
tainly come — I, and thy mother, and thy 
brethren — to bow ourselves to thee, to tlie 
earth?' ^^and his brethren arc zealous against 
him, and ins father hath watched the matter. 

^" And his brethren go to feed the flock of 
tiieir father in Shcchem, "and Israel saith 
unto Joscpli, 'Arc not thy brethren feeding 
in Sheclicm? come, and I send thee unto 
them ;' and he saitli to him, ' Here am I ; ' 
" and he saith to liim, 'Go, I pray thee, see 
the peace of thy brethren, and tlie peace of 
the nock, and bring me back word; and he 
sendeth liim from the valley of Hebron, and 
lie cometli to Shcclicin. 

'^ And a man findeth him, and lo, he is 
wandering in tlic field, and the man asketh 
him, saying, 'What seekest thou ?' ^^ and he 
eaith, ' My brethren I am seeking, declare 
to tne, I ]jray thee, where they are feeding?' 
'^ And the luan saith, 'They have journeved 
from this, for I liave lieard some saying. Let 
us go to Dotlian,' and Joseph goeth after his 
brethren, and fiudcth them in I)otiian. 

'^And they sec him from afar, even bc- 
26 



fore he draweth near unto them, and they 
consinre against him to put liim to death. 

'^^ And they say one unto another. ' Lo, 
this man of the dreams cometh ; -*' and now, 
come, and we slay him, and cast him into 
one of the pits, and have said. An evil beast 
hath devoured him; and we see what his 
dreams are.' 

-1 And Reuben heareth, and delivereth him 
out of their hand, and saith, ' Let us not 
siuite the life;' -and Reuben saith unto 
them, ' Shed no blood ; cast him into this pit 
which is in the wilderness, and put not forth 
a hand upon him,' — in order to deliver him 
out of their hand, to bring him back iinto his 
father. 

-3 And it cometh to pass, when Joseph 
hath come \into his brethren, that they strip 
Joseph of his coat, the long coat which ts 
upon him, ^"^ and take him and cast him into 
the pit, and the pit is empty, there is no 
water in it. 

'"'And they sit down to eat bread, and 
they lift up tlieir eyes, and look, and lo, a 
company of Tshmaelites coming from Gi- 
lead, and their camels bearing spices, and 
balm, and myrrh, going to take them down 
to Egyr)t. 

-•' And Judah saith unto his brethren, 
'WHiat gain when wo slay our brother, and 
have concealed his blood? -"Come, and wc 
sell him to the Ishmaelites, and our hands 
are not on him, for he is oxvc brother— our 
flesh ;' and his bretliren hearken. 

^ And Midianite merchantmen pass by, 
and they draw out and bring up .Joseph out 
of the pit, and sell Joseph to the Tshmaelites 
for twenty silverlings, and they bring Joseph 
into Egypt. 

-3 And Reuben returneth unto the ijit, and 
lo, Joseph is not in the pit, and he rendeth 
his garments, ^^ and he returneth unto his 
brethren, and saith, 'Tlie lad is not, and 1 
— whither am I going ?' 

^'And they take the coat of Joseph, and 
slaugliter a kid of the goats, and dip the coat 
in the blood, 3- and send the long coat, and 
they bring it in unto their father, and say, 
' This have we found ; discern, wc pray thee, 
whether it is thy son's coat or not?' ^ Ann 
he discernctli it, and saith, 'My son's coat! 
an evil beast hath devoured him; torn — torn 
is Joseph ! ' 

^•' And Jacob rendeth his raiment, and 
liutteth sackcloth on his loins, and becom- 
eth a mourner for his son many days, ^'and 
all his sons and all his daughters rise to 
comfort him, and he refusetli to comfort him- 
self, and saith, 'For — I go down mourning 
unto my son, to Sheol,' and his fatlier weep- 
eth for Ijim. 

3'' And tlic Medanites have sold him unto 
Egypt, to Potiphar, a eunuch of Pharaoh, 
head of the executioners. 

XXXVIII. 1 And it cometh to pass, at 
tliat time, that .Judah goeth down iron) his 
breiJircn, and turneth aside unto a man, an 
Adullaniitc, whose name is Ilirah ; -and Ju- 
dah sceth there the daughter of a man, a 
Canaanite, whose name is Sluiah, and takcth 
her, and goeth in unto hor. 



Judaic s profligacy. 



XXXVIII. 3.— GENESIS.--XXXIX. 9. Birth of Pharez A Zarah. 



3 And she conceivetli, aud bearetli a sou, 
and he calleth his name Er; ^and she con- 
ceiveth again, and beareth a son, and calleth 
his name Onan ; ^ and she addeth again, 
and beareth a son, and calleth his name 
Shelah ; and he was in Chezib in her bear- 
ing him. 

*• And Judah taketh a wife for Er, his first- 
born, and her name is Tamar ; ^ and Er, 
Judah's first-born, is evil in the eyes of Je- 
hovah, and Jehovah doth put him to death. 

8 And Jiidah saith to Onan, 'Go in unto 
the ^vife of thy brother, and maiTy her, and 
raise up seed to thy brother ; ' ^ and Onan 
Icnowetn that the seed is not reckoned his; 
and it hath come to jiass, if he hath gone in 
unto his brother's wife, that he hath de- 
stroyed it to the earth, so as not to give 
seed to Iiis brother ; ^'^ and that which he 
hath done is evil in the eyes of Jehovah, and 
He putteth him also to death. 

11 And Jiidah saith to Tamar his daughter- 
in-law, ' Abide a widow at thy father's house, 
till Shelah my son gi-oweth up ;' for he said, 
' Lest he die — even he — like Jiis brethren ; ' 
and Tamar goeth aud dwelleth at her father's 
house. 

1- And the days are multiplied, and the 
daughter of Shuah, Judah's wife, dieth; and 
Judah is comforted, and goeth up imto liis 
slieep-shearers, he aud Hirah his friend the 
AdulIamitCj to Timuath. 

1^ And it IS declared to Tamar, saying, ' Lo, 
thy husband's father is going up to Timnath 
to shear his Hock;' i'*and she tui-neth aside 
the garments of her widowhood from off 
her, and covereth herself with a vail, and 
\vrappeth herself up, and sitteth in the open- 
ing of Euayim, which is by the way to Tim- 
uath, for she hath seen that Shelah hath 
grown up, aud she hath not been given to 
liim for a wife. 

1^ And Judah seeth her, and reckoneth 
her for a harlot, for she hath covered her face, 
1" and he tiu-neth aside uuto her by the way, 
and saith, ' Come, I i)ray thee, let me come 
in imto thee,' (for he hath not known that 
she is his daughter-in-law) ; aud she saith, 
' What dost thou give to me, that thou 
mayest come in unto me?' ^''and he saith, 
' I — I send a kid of the goats from the 
flock.' 

Aud she saith, 'Dost thou give a pledge 
till thou send ?<.?' i^aud he saith, 'What is 
the pled.L^e that I give to thee?' and sne 
saith, 'Thy seal, aud thy ribbon, and thv 
staff which is in thy hand ;' and he giveth 
to her, and goeth in imto her, and she con- 
ceivetli to liim ; !•' aud she riseth, and goeth, 
and turneth aside her vail from off her, 
and putteth on the garments of her widow- 
hood. 

-" And Judah sendeth the kid of the goats 
by the hand of his fiieud the Adullamite, 
to receive the pledge from the hand of the 
woman, and he hath not foimd her. -lAnd 
he asketh the men of her place, saying, 
' Where is the separated ouc — sne in Euayim, 
by the way?' aud tliey say, 'There hath not 
been in this place a separated one.' 
--And he turneth back unto Judah, and 



saith, ' I have not found her ; and the men of 
the place also have said. There hath not been 
in this place a separated one,' -^and Judah 
saith, 'Let her take to herself, lest we be- 
come despised ; lo, I sent this kid, and thou 
hast not found her.' 

2^ And it Cometh to pass about three months 
after, that it is declared to Judah, saying, 
'Tamar thy daughter-in-law liath committed 
fornication ; and also, lo, she hath conceived 
by fornication:' and Judah saith, 'Bring 
her out — and she is burnt.' -^ She is brought 
out, and she hath sent unto her husband's 
father, saying, ' To a man whose these are, 
I am pregnant;' and she saith, 'Discern, I 
pray thee, whose are tliese — the seal, aud the 
ribbons, and the staff.' 

-'' And Judah discerneth and saith, ' She 
hath been more righteous than I, because 
that I did not give her to Shelah my son ; ' 
and he hath not added to Icnow her again. 

-''And it Cometh to pass in the time of 
her bearing, that lo, twins are in her womb ; 
-8 and it cometh to pass in her bearing, that 
one giveth out a hand, and the midwife 
taketh and bindeth on his hand a scarlet 
thread, saying, 'This hath come out first.' 
-^ And it Cometh to pass as ho di-aweth back 
his hand, that lo, his In-other hath come out, 
and she saith, ' Wliat ! thou hast broken 
forth — on thee is the breach;' and he calleth 
liis name Pharez ; ^'^ and afterwards hath his 
brother come out, on whose liand is the scar- 
let thread, and he calleth his name Zarah. ' 

XXXLK. 1 AND Joseph hath been brought 
down to Egypt, and Potiphar, a eunuch 
of Pharaoh, head of the executioners, an 
Egyiitian man, buyeth him out of the hands 
of the Ishmaelites who have brought him 
thither. 

2 And Jehovah is with Joseph, and he is 
a prosperous man, and he is in the house O; 
his lord the Egyi^iau, -^ and his lord seeth 
that Jehovah is ■with him, and all that ho 
is doing Jehovah is causing to prosper in his 
baud, *and Joseph findeth grace in Jiis eyes 
and serveth him, and he appointeth him 
over his house, and all that he hath he hath 
given into his hand. 

^ And it cometh to pass from the time 
that he hath appointed him over his house, 
and over all that he hath, that Jehovah bless- 
eth the house of the Egyptian for Joseph's 
sake, and the blessing of Jehovah is on all 
that he hath, in the house, and^ in the field ; 
8 and he leaveth aU that he hath in the ha.na 
of Joseph, and he hath not known anything 
that he hath, except the bread which he is 
eating. And Joseph is of a fair form, and of 
a fair appearance. 

7 And it cometh to pass after these things, 
that his lord's mfe hfteth up her eyes unto 
Joseph, and saith, ' Lie with me;' «and he 
refuseth, and saith imto his lord's wife, ' Lo, 
my lord hath not kno\vn what is with me in 
tlie house, aud all that he hath he hath given 
into my hand ; ^ none is greater in this house 
than I, and he hath not withheld from me 
anything, except thee, because thou art his 
wife; and how shall I do this great evil?— 
then have I sinned against God.' 
27 



Joseph's chastUy tried. 



XXXIX. 10.— GENESIS.— XLi. G. Pharaoh's butler and baker. 



1" AnJ it conietli to pass at her speaking un- 
to Joseph day by day, tliat he hath not heark- 
ened irnto her, to lie near lier, to be with her ; 
'^ and it cometh to pass about this day, that 
he goeth into the house to do his work, and 
there is none of the men of the house there in 
the house, ^"and she catcheth him by his 
garment, saying, ' Lie with me ;' and he leav- 
eth his garment in her hand, and tleeth, and 
goeth without. 

^3 And it cometh to pass when she seeth 
that he hath left his garment in her hand, and 
fleeth without, '^^ that slie calleth for the men 
of her house, and speaketh to them, saying, 
' See, he hath brought in to us a man, a He- 
brew, to plaj^ ■with us ; lie hath come in imto 
me, to lie witli me, and I call with a loud 
voice, 1^ and it cometh to pass, when he hear- 
eth that I have lifted up my voice and call, 
that he leaveth his garment near me, and 
tleeth, and goeth witliout.' 

^^ And she phaceth his garment near her, 
until the coming in of his lord imto his house. 
^~ And she speaketh imto him according to 
these words, saying, ' The Hebrew servant 
whom thou hast brought luito us, hath come 
in unto me to play with me ; ^''aud it cometh to 
pass, when I lift my voice and call, that lie 
leaveth his garment near me, and fleeth \vith- 
out.' 

'" And it cometh to pass when his lord hear- 
oth the words of his wife, which she hatli 
spoken unto him, saying, ' According to these 
tilings hath thy servant done to me, that his 
anger burnetii; ^"aud Joseph's lord taketh 
him, and putteth liim unto the round-house, a 
place where the king's prisoners are boimd ; 
and he is there in the round-house. 

^^ And Jehovah is with Joseph, and stretch- 
ctli out kindness imto him, and putteth his 
grace in the eyes of the cliief of the round- 
house; — and the chief of the round-house 
giveth into the hand of Joseph all tlie prisoners 
who are in the roimd-house, and of all that 
they are doing there, hehatlibecn doer; -■*the 
chief of the round-house seeth not anything 
under his hand, because Jehovah is with him, 
and that which he is doing Jehovah is causing 
to prospei-. 

XL. ^ AND it cometli to pass, after these 
things — the butler of the king oi Egyi^t and 
the uaker liave sinned against their lord, 
against the king of Egypt ; - and Pharaoh is 
wroth against his two eunuchs, against tlic 
chief of the butlers, and against the chief of 
the bakers, ^ and giveth them in charge in tlic 
house of tlic chief of the executioners, unto 
the round-house, the ijlacc wlicrc Josepli is a 
prisoner, * and the cliief of the executioners 
chargcth Joseph with them, and lie serveth 
them ; and they are days in charge. 

^ And they dream a dream both of them, 
each his dream in one nif;ht, each according 
to the interpretation of his dream, the butler 
and the baker whom the king of Egypt hath, 
who are prisoners in the i-ounil-hoiise. 

"And Joseph conictli in unto them in the 
morning, and seeth thein, and lo, they arc 
morose; ^and he asketh Pliaraoh's eunuchs 
who a,re with him in charge in the house of 
his lord, saying, ' Wherefore are your faces 
28 



sad to-day?' ^And they say imto him, 'A 
dream we have dreamed, and there is no in- 
terpreter of it;' and Joseph saith unto them, 
' Are not interpretations with God? recount, 
I pray you, to me.' 

■' And the chief of the butlers recounteth hia 
dream to Joseph, and saith to him, ' In my 
dream, then lo. a vine is before me! '" and in 
the ^'ine arc turee branches, and it is as it 
were flourishing ; gone up hath its blossom, 
its clusters have ripened grapes ; ^^ and Plia- 
raoh's cup is in my hand, and I take the 
grapes andi^ress them into the cup of Pharaoh, 
and I give the cup into the hand of Pharaoh.' 

^^ And Joseph saith to him, 'This w its in- 
terjjretation : the three branches are three 
days ; '^ yet, within three days doth Pharaoh 
lift up thy head, and hath put thee back on 
thy station, and thou hast given the cup of 
Pharaoh into his hand, according to the for- 
mer custom when thou wast his butler. 

" ' Surely if thou hast remembered me Avith 
thee, when it is well with thee, and hast done 
(I ]iray thee) kindness with me, and hast 
made mention of me unto Pharaoh, then hast 
thou brought me out from this house, ^* for I 
was really stolen from the land of the He- 
brews ; and here also have I done nothing that 
they have put me in the pit.' 

^'' And the chief of the bakers seeth that he 
hath iutcnireted good, and he saith unto 
Joseph, ' 1 also am in a dream, and lo, three 
baskets of white bread are on my head, '^ and 
in the uppermost basket are of all kinds 
of Pharaou's food, work of a baker ; and 
the birds arc eating them out of the basket, 
from oft' my head. ' 

i^And Josei)h auswereth and saith, 'This 
is its interpretation: the three baskets are 
three days : ^^ yet, ivithin three days doth 
Pharaoh lift up thy head from oft" thee, and 
hath hanged tliee on a tree, and tlic birds 
have eaten thy flesh from oft" thee.' 

""And it cometh to pass, on the third day, 
Pharaoh's birthday, that he raaketh a banquet 
to all his servants, and lifteth up the head of 
the chief of the butlers, and the head of the 
chief of the bakers among his servants, "' and 
he putteth back the chief of the butlers to his 
nitlcrship, r 



1 
hand 



■ship, and he giveth the cup into the 
of Pharaoh ; -'- and the chief of the 
bakers he hath hanged, as Joseph hath inter- 
preted to them ; -■' and the chief of the butlers 
Iiath not remembered Joseph, but forgetteth 
him. 

XLI. ^ AND it cometh to pass, at the end 
of two years of days that Pharaoh is di-caming, 
and lo, he is standing by the River, - and lo, 
from the River coming up arc seven kinc, of 
fair appearance, and fat in flesh, and they 
feed among the reeds ; ^ and lo, seven other 
kino are coming uj) after them out of the 
River, of bad aiipcarancc, and lean in llesh, 
and they stand near the kinc on the edge of 
the River, * and the kino of bad appca,rauce 
and lean in flesh cat up the seven kinc of 
fair appearance, and fat — and Pliaraoh awak- 
cth. 

^ And he slecpeth, and drcameth a second 
time, and lo, seven ears arc coming up on 
one stalk, fat and good, ^ and lo, seven care, 



Pharaoh's dreams interpreted. XLi. 7.— GENESIS.— xli. 51. Joseph made nder in Egypt. 



thin, and Ijlastod Avitli an east wind, are 
springiiij; lip after tliem ; ''and the tliin ear.=i 
swallow the scn'cn fat and full ears — and 
Fliaraoli awaketli, and lo, a dre.arn. 

''And it Cometh to pass in the morning 
that liis spirit is moved, and he sendeth and 
calleth all the scribes of Eg^ypt, and all its 
wise men, and Pharaoh reconnteth to them 
his dream, and there is no interjireter of 
tliem to Pharaoh. 

* And the chief of the butlers speaketh 
with Pharaoh, saying. 'My sin I mention 
tliis day : ^^ Pliaraoh hath been wi'oth against 
his servants, and giveth me into charge in 
the house of the cnief of the execntioners, 
me and the chief of the bakers ; ^^ and we 
dream a dream in one night, I and he, each 
according to the iutei'pretation of his dream 
we have dreamed. 

^- And there is with us a youth, a Hebrew, 
servant to the chief of the executioners, and 
we recoimt to him, and ho interpreteth to us 
our (b-eams, to each according to his dream hath 
he interpreted, ^^ and it cometli to pass, as he 
hath interpreted to us so it hath been, me he 
put back on my station, and him he hanged.' 
" And Pharaoh sendeth and calleth Joseph, 
and they cause him to run out of the pit, 
and he shaveth, and changeth his garments, 
and Cometh in imto Pharaon. 

^^ And Pharaoh saith imto Josephj 'A dream 
I have di-eamed, and there is no interpreter 
of it, and I — I have heard concerning thee, 
saying. Thou tinderstandest a dream to in- 
terpret it.' I'^and Joseph an swereth Pharaoh, 
saying, 'Witliout me — God doth answer Pha- 
raoh with peace.' 

'^ And Pharaoh speaketh unto Joseph : ' In 
my dream, lo, I am standing by the edge of 
the River, ^^ and lo, out of the Kiver coming 
up are seven kine, fat in flesh, and of fair 
form, and they feed among the reeds ; ^^ aiul 
lo,_ seven otlier kine are coming up after tliem, 
thin, and of very bad form, and lean in flesh ; 
1 have not seen like these in all the land of 
Egyijt for badness. 

_ -" And the lean and the bad kine eat up the 
Hrst seven fat kine, "• and they come in unto 
their midst, and it hath not been known that 
they have come in unto their midst, and 
their appearance is bad as at the commence- 
ment ; and I awake. 

" ' And I see in my dream, and lo, seven 
ears are coming u\) on one stalk, full and 
good; -^and lo, seven ears, withered, thin, 
blasted with an cast wind, are springing up 
after them ; ^ and the thin ears swallow the 
seven good ears ; and I tell unto the scribes, 
and there is none declaring to me.' 

^^And Josepli saith imto Pharaoh, 'Tlie 
dream of Pharaoh is one: that which God is 
doing he hath declared to Pharaoh ; "^ the 
seven good kine are seven years, and the 
seven good ears are seven years, the di-eam is 
one ; -^ and the seven thin and bad kine which 
are coming up after them are seven years, 
and the seven empty ears, blasted with an 
east wind, are seven years of famine ; ^^ this 
is the thing whicli I liave spoken imto Pha- 
raoh : That which God is doing, he hath 
sliewn Pharaoh. 



-5 ' Lo, seven years arc coming of groat 
alnmdance in all tlie land of Egypt, '^^ a,m\ 
seven years of famine have arisen .after tliem, 
and all the plenty is forgotten in the land of 
E.gy]3t, and the famine hath finished the land, 
■'1 and the plenty is not known in the land 
because of that famine afterwards, for it is 
very giievous. 

32 ' And because of the repeating of the 
dream unto Pharaoh twice, surely the thing 
is established by God, and God is hastening 
to do it. 

33 'And now, let Pharaoh provide a man, 
intelligent and wise, and set him over the 
land of Egyijt; 3-J let Pharaoh make and ap- 
point overseers over the land, and receive a 
fifth of the land of Egyiit in the seven years 
of plenty, ^ and they gather all the food of 
these good years that are coming, and heap 
up corn under the hand of Phai-aoh— food in 
the cities ; and they have keptii!, ^Cand the food 
hath been for a store for the land, for the 
seven years of famine whicli are in the land 
of Egypt ; and the land is cut off by the 
famine. 

3'' And the thing is good in the eyes of 
Pharaoli, and in the eyes of all liis servants, 
38 and Pharaoh saith unto his servants, 'Do 
we And like this, a man in whom the spirit 
of God is f 39 and Pharaoh saith unto Joseph, 
' After God's causing thee to know all this, 
there is none intelligent and wise as thou; 
■"' thou— thou art over my house, and at thy 
mouth do all my people kiss ; only in the 
throne I am greater than thou.' 

^^And Pharaoh saitli unto Josepli, 'See, 
I have put thee over all the land of Egypt.' 

''^And Pharaoh tiirneth aside his seal-ring 
from off his hand, and putteth it on the 
liand of Joseph, and clotheth him ^oith gar- 
ments of flne linen, and placeth a chain of 
gold on his neck, ^3 and causeth him to ride 
in the second chariot which lie hath, and 
they 7iroclaim before him, ' Bow the knee ! ' 
and— to put him over all the land of Egypt. 

** And Pharaoli saith nnto Joseph, 'I am 
Pharaolij and without thee a man doth not 
lift up his hand and his foot in all the land 
of Egjrpt;' 45 and Pharaoh calleth Joseph's 
name Zaphnath-Paaneah, and he giveth to 
him Asenath daughter of Poti-Pherali, priest 
of On, for a wife, and Joseph goctli out over 
the land of Egypt. 

*' And Joseph is a son of thirty years in 
his standing before Pharaoh king of Egypt, 
and Joseph goeth out from the presence of 
Pharaoh, and passeth over through all the 
land of Egypt; •'"and the land maketli in the 
seven years of plenty liy handfiils. 

*8 And he gathereth all tlic food of the seven 
years which have been in tlie land of Egypt, 
and putteth food in the cities; the food of 
the fleld which ?.<; round about each city hath 
he put in its midst ; ^ and Joseph gathereth 
corn as sand of the sea, multiplying exceed- 
ingly, until that he hatli ceased to number, 
for there is no number. 

^^ And to Joseph were born two sons before 

the year of famine cometh,_ whom Asenath 

daughter of Poti-Pherah, priest of On, hath 

borne to him, ^' and Joseph calleth the name 

29 



ffis brethren come to Egypt. XLi. 52.— GENESIS.— xlii. 38. 



Simeon heptfor a pledge. 



of the first-hom Manaaseh : ' for, God hath 
made me to forjiet all jny labour, and all the 
house of mj' father;' •''"and the name of tin; 
second he liath called E]ihraim : 'foi-, God hath 
caused me to he fniitful in the land of mine 
affliction.' 

^■' And the seven years of plenty are com- 
i)leted which have been in the land of Egypt, 
•^ and the seven years of famine bepdn to come, 
as Josejih said, and famine is in all the lands, 
but in all the land of Egyfit hath been bread ; 
'•'■ and all the land of Egypt is famished, and 
the people crieth unto Pharaoh for bread, and 
Pharaoh .saith to all the E.gyptians, ' Go unto 
Josej^h ; that which he saitn to j'ou — do.' 

'''' Anci the famine has been over all the face 
of the land, and Joseph openeth all places 
which have corn in them, and selleth to the 
E.ii^.'ptians ; and the famine is severe in the 
land of Egyjit, ^'' and all the earth hath come to 
Egypt, to buy, unto Joseph, for the famine was 
severe in all the earth. 

XLII. 1 AND Jacob seeth that there is corn 
in Egypt, and Jacob saith to his sons, 'Why 
do you look at each other?' " he saith also, 
' Lo, I have heard that there is corn in Egypt, 
go down thither, and buy for us from thence, 
and we live and do not die ;' ' and the ten bre- 
thren of Josei)h go douTi to buy corn in E^ypt, 
*and Benjamin, Joseph's brother, Jacob hath 
not sent with his brethren, for he said, 'Lest 
mischief meet him.' 

p And the sons of Israel come to buy in the 
midst of those coming, for the famine hath 
been in the land of Canaan, " and Joseph is 
the rider over the land, he who is selling to 
all the people of the land, and Joseph's bre- 
thren come and bow themselves to him — face 
to the earth. 

^And Joseph seeth his brethren, and dis- 
cerneth them, and maketh himself strange 
unto them, and speaketh with them sharp 
things, and saith unto them, 'From whence 
have ye come ? ' and they say, ' From the land 
of Canaan— to buy food.' 

8 And Joseph discerneth his brethren, but 
they have not discerned him, "and Joseph 
remembereth the dreams which he dreamed 
of them, and saith unto them, ' Ye are spies : 
to see the nakedness of the land ye have come. 
'" And they say unto him, ' No, my lord, but 
thy servants have come to buy food ; ^^ we are 
all of us sons of one man, we are right men; 
thy servants have not been spies;' ^^and he 
saith unto them, ' No, but the nakedness of 
the land ye have come to see ; ' ^^ and they say, 
'Thy servants are twelve brethren; we are 
sons of one man in the land of Canaan, and lo, 
the young one /,s with our father to-day, and 
the one is not.' 

"And .loseph saith unto them, 'This is 
that which I have si)oken imto you, saying. 
Ye are spies, ^^ by this ye are proved : 
Pharaoh liveth ! if ye go out from this — ex- 
cept by your young brother coming hither ; 
"■ send one of you, and let him liring your 
brother, and yc, remain ye liouud, and let 
your words be proved, whether truth he with 
you: and if not — Pharaoh liveth! surely ye 
are spies;' '''and he removcth them unto 
charge three days. 

30 



18 And Joseph saith unto them on the third 
day, 'This do and live; God I fear! '''if ye 
are right men, let one of your brethren be 
liound in the house of your ward, and ye, go, 
carry in corn for the famine of your houses, 
-o and your young brother ye bring unto me, 
and your words are established, and ye die 
not ; ' and they do so. 

-' And they say one unto another, ' Verily 
we are guilty concerning our brother, be- 
cause we saw the distress of his soul, in his 
making supplication unto ua, and we did not 
hearken: therefore hath this distress come 
upon us.' 2- And Reuben answereth them, 
saying, ' Spake I not unto you, saying, Sin 
not against the lad ? and ye hearkened not ; 
and his blood also, lo, it is required.' 

^And they have not known that Joseph 
iinderstandeth, for the interpreter is between 
them; "^and he turneth roimd from them, 
and weepeth, and turneth back unto them, 
and speaketh imto them, and taketh from 
them Simeon, and bindeth him before their 
eyes. 

-^ And Joseph commandeth, and they fill 
their vessels with corUj also to put back the 
money of each unto his sack, and to give to 
them provision for the way ; and one doth 
to them so. 

^8 And they lift up their corn upon their 
asses, and go from thence, ^ and the one 
openeth his sack to give provender to his 
ass at a lodging- place, and he seeth his 
money, and lo, it is in the mouth of his bag, 
-*and he saith unto his brethren, 'My money 
hath been put back, and also, lo, in my bag : ' 
and their heart goeth out, and they tremble, 
one to another sajdng, 'Wliat ia this God 
hath done to us ! ' 

^ And they come in unto Jacob their 
father, to the land of Canaan, and they de- 
clare to him all the things meeting them, say- 
ing, so ' The man, the lord of the land, hath 
spoken with us sharp things, and maketh us 
as spies of the land ; ^^ and we sav unto him. 
We are right men, we have not l^een spies, 
^- we are twelve brethren, sons of our father, 
the one is not, and the young one (5 to-day 
with onr father in the land of Canaan. 

2^ ' And the man, the lord of the land, saith 
imto us, By this I know that ye are right 
men — one of your brethren leave with me, 
and for the famine of your houses take ye 
and go, ^ and bring^ your young brother im- 
to me, and I know that ye are not spies, but 
ye are right men ; your brother I give to you. 
and ye trade with the land.' 

35 And it cometh to pass, they are cm]ity- 
ing their sacks, and lo, the bimdle of each 
man's silver is in his sack, and thay see 
their bimdles of silver, they and their fa- 
tlier, and arc afraid ; S'' and Jacob their 
father saith unto them, ' Me ye have be- 
reaved; .losciih is not, .and Simeon is not, 
and Benjamin ye take — against me have been 
.all these.' 

3^ And Reuben speaketh imto his father, 
saying, ' My two sous thou dost put to death, 
if I bring uim not in unto thee ; give him 
into my h.and, and I — I bring him back unto 
tlioo;' 3f"a.nd he saith, 'My sou doth not go 



Beniamin is sent to Egypt. xliii. 1.— GENESIS.— xliv. 4. Joseph receives his brethren. 



down with yon, for his brother is dead, and 
he by liimself is left ; when mischief hath 
met him in the way in which ye gOj then ye 
have bronght down my grey hairs m sorrow 
to sheoL' 

XLIII. 1 AND the famine is severe in the 
land ; - and it cometh to pass, when tliey 
have finished eating the corn which they 
brought from Egyjit, that their father saith 
unto them, 'Turn back, buy for us a little 
food.' 

2 And Judah speaketh unto him, saying, 
' The man protesting protested to us, saying. 
Ye do not see my face without your brother 
being with you ; •• if thou art sending our 
Iwother with us, we go down, and buy for 
thee food, ^ and if thou art not sending — we 
do not go down, for the man said unto us. 
Ye do not see my face without your brother 
being with yoii.' 

" And Israel saith, ' Wliy did ye evil to me, 
l)y declaring to the man that yo had yet a 
brother?' ''and they say, 'The man asked 
diligently concerning us, and concerning our 
kinclred, saying, Is your father yet alive? 
have ye a brother? and we declare to him 
according to the tenor of these tilings ; do wo 
certainly know that he will say. Bring dowTi 
your brother ? ' 

8 And Judah saith imto Israel his fatlier, 
' Send the youth with me, and we arise, and 
go, and live, and do not die, both we, and 
thou, and our infants. '•'I — I am surety /or 
him, from my hand thou dost require him ; if 
I have not brought him in imto thee, and set 
liim before thee — then I have sinned aijainst 
thee all the days; ^^forif we had not linger- 
ed, surely now we had returned these two 
times.' 

" And Israel their father saith imto them, 
' If so, now. this do : take of the praised 
thing of the land in your vessels, and take 
down to the man a present, a little balm, 
and a little honey, spices and myrrh, nuts 
and almonds ; ^- and double money take i n 
your hand, even the money which is brought 
back in the mouth of your bags, ye take back 
in your hand, it may be it is an oversight. 

^■''And take your brother, and rise, turn 
back unto the man ; ^* and God Almighty 
give to you mercies before the man, so that 
he hath sent to you your other brother and 
Benjamin ; and I, when I am bereaved — I am 
bereaved.' 

I'And the men take this present, double 
monev also they have taken in their hand, 
and Benjamin ; and they rise, and go down 
to ECTqjt, and stand before Joseph ; ^^ and 
Joseph seeth Benjamin with them, and saith 
to him who is over his house, ' Bring the men 
into the liouse, and slaughter an animal, and 
make ready, for with me do the men eat at 
noon.' 

1'' And the man doth as Joseph hath said, 
and the man bringeth in the men into the 
house of Jose])h, ^^and the men are afraid 
because they have been brought into the 
house of Joseph, and they say, ' For the 
matter of the money which Avas put back 
in our bags at the commencement are we 
brought in — to roll himself upon us, and to 



throw himself on us, and to take us for ser- 
vants — our asses also.' 

^"And they come nigh unto the man who 
/.9 over the house of Joseph, and speak unto 
him at the opening of the house, -"and say, 
' 0, my lord, we really come down at the 
commencement to buy food ; -' and it com- 
eth to pass, when we have come in unto the 
lodging-place, and open our bags, that lo, 
each one's money is in the mouth of his 
liag, our money in its weight, and we bring 
it back in our hand ; ^^and other money have 
we brought down in our hand to buy food ; 
we have not known who |)ut our money in 
our bags.' 

-^ And he saith, ' Peace to you, fear not : 
your God and the God of your father hath 
given to you hidden treasure in ycnir bags, 
your money came imto me ; ' and he bringeth 
out Simeon unto them. -■' And the man 
bringeth in the men into Joseph's house, 
and giveth water, and they wash their feet ; 
and he giveth provender for their asses, 
-^ and they pre]iare the present until the 
coming of Joseph at noon, for they have 
heard that there they do eat bread. 

-"And Joseph cometh into the house, and 
tliey bring to him the present which is in 
their hand, into the house, and bow them- 
selves to him, to the earth ; -'' and he ask- 
oth of them of i:)eace, and saith, ' Is your 
father well ? the aged man of whom ye have 
spoken, is he yet alive?' -^ and they say, 
' Thy servant our father is well, he is yet 
alive ; ' and they bow, and do obeisance. 

^"And he_ lifteth up his eyes, and seeth 
Benjamin his brother, his mother's son, and 
saith, ' Is this your yoxmg brother, of whom 
ye have spoken unto me?' and he saith, 
' God favour thee, my son.' 

2" And Joseph hasteth, for his bowels have 
been moved for his brother, and he seeketh 
to weep, and entereth the inner chamber, 
and weepeth there ; ^i and he washeth his 
face, and goetli out, and refraineth himself, 
and saith, ' Place bread.' 

32 And they place for him by himself, and 
for tliem by tliemselves, and for the Egyp- 
tians who are eating with him by themselves: 
for tlie Egyptians are unable to eat bread 
\vith the Hebrews, for it is an abomination 
to the Egyptians. 

3^ And they sit before him, the first-born 
according to his birthright, and the young 
one according to his youtli, and the men 
wonder one at anotlier; ^•*and he liftetli up 
gifts from before him unto them, and the 
gift of Benjamin is five hands more than the 
gifts of all of them ; and they drink, yea, they 
drink abundantly with him. 

XLIV. 1 AND he commandeth him who w 
over his house, saying, 'Fill the bags of the 
men imth food, as they arc able to bear, and 
put the money of each in the mouth of his 
bag; -and my cup, the silver cup, thou dost 
put in the mouth of the bag of the young 
one, and his corn-money;' and he doth ac- 
cording to the word of Joseph which he hath 
spoken. 

^The morning is bright, and the men have 
been sent away, they and their asses — ''they 
31 



His policy to detain tliem. 



XLiv. 5.— GENESIS.— XLv. 12. 



Jnsf'ph is made hiotOK 



have gone out of the city— they have not gone 
far on -and Jo.sepli hath said to him who w 
over liis house, 'Rise, ])nrsTio after the inciti ; 
and thou liast overtaken them, and tliou liast 
said unto them. Why have ye recompensed 
evil for i^ood ? 'Is not this that witli 
whicli my lord drinketh? and he observeth 
diligently with it; ye have done evil in that 
which ye have done.' 

"And he ovcrtaketh them, and speaketh 
unto them these words, ^ and they say unto 
him, ' Wliy doth my lord speak aceording to 
these words? far be it from thy servants to 
do according to this word; ^lo, the money 
wliicli we found in the mouth of our bags 
we brought back unto thee from the land of 
Canaan, and liow do we steal from the house 
of thy lord silver or gold ? '■' with whomsoever 
of thy scrvauts it is found, he hath died, and 
we also are to my lord for servants.' 

^"And he saitli, 'Now, also, according to 
your words, so it is ; he with whom it is found 
becometh my servant, and ye are acquitted;' 
^^and they hasten and take down each his 
bag to the earth, and each openeth his bag; 
^-and lie scarolieth — at the eldest he hath 
begun, and at the youngest he hath com- 
pleted — and the cup is found in the bag of 
Benjamin; ^''and they rend their garments, 
and each ladeth his ass, and they turn bacl" 
to the city. 

"And .Judah — his brethren also— cometh in 
unto the house of Josepli, and he is yet there, 
and they fall befoi'e him to the earth- ^''ana 
Joseph saith to them, 'What is this deed 
that ye have done? have ye not known that a 
man like me doth diligently observe?' 

'"And Judah saith, 'Wliat do we say to 
ray lord? what do we speak? and what— do 
we justify ourselves? God hatli found out 
the iniquity of thy servants ; lo, we_ are ser- 
vants to my lord, both we, and he in whose 
hand the cup hath beeu found ;' '^aud he saith, 
' Far bo it from me to do this ; the man in 
whose hand the cup hath been found, he be- 
cometh my servant ; and ye, go ye up in peace 
UQto your fatlier.' 

'^And Judah cometh nigh unto him, and 
saith, ' 0, my lord, let thy servant speak, I 
liray thee, a word in the ears of my lord, 
and let not thine anger burn against thy 
servant — for thou art as Pharaoh. ^^My 
lord hath asked his servants, saying. Have 
ye a fatlier or Itrother? -"and we say unto 
my lord, We have a father, an aged one, and 
a child of old age, a little one; and his 
brother died, and he is left alone of his 
mother, and his father hath loved him. 

-1 'And tliou saycst unto thy servants, Bring 
him down unto me, and I set mine eye upon 
him ; --and we say unto my lord, Tlie youth 
is not able to leave his father, when lie hatli 
left his father, then he hath died; '-"'and thou 
sayc^st unto thy servants. If your young 
Iirother come not down witli you, ye add not 
to see my face. 

-•' ' And it cometh to pass, that we have 
come up unto thy servant my father, that wc j 
declare to liiin tlie words of my lord ; -''and 
our father saitli. Turn back, buy for us a 
Little food, ""and we say, We arc not ablo 
32 



to go down ; if our young bmtlier is witli 
ns, then we have gone down ; for we are not 
able to see the man's face, and our young 
Ijrotlier nf)t witli us. 

-"'And thy servant my father saith unto 
us. Ye — ye have Icnown that two did my wife 
bare to me, -'^and the one goeth out from me, 
and I say. Surely he is torn — torn ! and I 
have not seen him since ; -^ when ye have 
taken also this from my presence, and mis- 
chief hath met him, then ye have brouglit 
down my grey hairs with evil to sheol. 

3" ' And now, at my coming in unto thy 
servant my father, and the youth not with 
us (and his soul is bound uj) in his soul), 
3' then it hath come to pass when he seetli 
that the youth is not, that he hath died, and 
thy servants have brought down the grey 
liairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to 
sheol; 3- for thy servant obtained the youtli 
by surety from my father, saying. If I bring 
hira not in unto thee — then I have sinned 
against my father all the days. 

^■' ' And now, let thy servant, I pray thee, 
abide instead of the youtli a servant to mj 
lord, and the youth goeth up with his brethren, 
3^ for how do I go up unto my father, and the 
youtli not with me? lost I look on the evil 
which doth find my father.' 

XLV. ^ AND .Joseph hath not been able to 
refrain himself before all those standing by 
hira, and he calleth, 'Put out every man from 
me ;' and no man hath stood with him when 
Joseph maketh himself known unto his 
brethren . - and he giveth forth his voice in 
weeping, and the Egyptians hear, and the 
house of Pharaoli heareth. 

* And Joseph saith unto his brethren, ' 1 
am Joseph, is my father yet alive?' and his 
brethren have not Iteen able to answer him. 
for they have been troubled at his iiresence. 

^ And _ Joseph saith unto his brethi-eu, 
'Come nigh unto me, I pray you,' and they 
come nigh; and he saith, ' I avi Joseph, your 
b'-other, wlioin ye sold into Egyj)t- "and 
now, be not grieved, nor let it be displeasing 
in your eyes that ye sold me hither, for to 
preserve life hath God sent me before you. 

" 'Because these two years tlie famine is in 
the heart of the land, and yet are five years, 
in which there is neither iiloughing nor har 
vest; "and God sendeth me before you, to 
place of you a remnant in the land, and to 
give life to you by a great escajie ; ^ and now, 
ye — ye have not sent me hither, but God, 
and He doth set me for a fatlier to Pharaoh, 
and for lord to all his house, and ruler over 
all the land of Egypt. 

" ' IIaste,_ and go up unto my father, then 
ye liave said to him. Thus said Josciih thy 
son, God hatli set me for lord to all Egypt ; 
come down unto me, stay not, '" and thou 
hast dwelt in tlie laud of Goshen, and been 
near unto me, tliou and thy sons, and thy 
son's sons, and thy ilock, and thy herd, and 
all that thou hast, '' and 1 liave nourished 
thee there — for yet are live years of famine — 
lest thou become ])oor, thou and thy house- 
hold, and all that tliou hast. 

'-'And lo, your eyes are aceing, and the 
ey(!S of my brother Benjamin, that it »> my 



Joseph sendelhfor hia father, xlv. I'i. — GJiiNESliS. — xi.vi. 31. 



Isi-aei goelh into Egypt. 



mouth wliicli is spe.akinj:; uuto you ; '^ aud 
ye have declared to my father all my honour 
in Egypt, and all that ye have seen, aud ye 
have hasted, and have brought dowu my 
father hither.' 

^•*And he falleth on the neck of Benjamin 
his brotherj and weepeth, and Benjamin hatli 
wept on his neck ; ^ and he kissctli all his 
brethren, and weepeth over them ; aud after- 
wards have his brethren spoken with him. 

i^And the sound hath been heard in the 
house of Pharaoh, saying, 'Come have the 
brethren of Joseph ; ' and it is good in the 
eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of liis ser- 
vants, 1^ and Pharaoh saith unto Joseph, 
'ISay unto thy brethren. This do ye: lade 
your beasts, and go, enter ye the laud of Ca- 
naan, i^and take your fatlier, and your house- 
holds, and come imto me, aud I give to you 
the good of the land of Egypt, and eat ye the 
fat of the land. 

'"'Yea, thou — thou hast been commanded : 
this do ye, take for yourselves out of the 
land of Egypt, waggons for your infants, and 
for your wives, and ye have brought your 
father, and come; ""and your eye hath no 
pity on voiu- vessels, for the good of all the 
laud of Egypt is yours.' 

'-'' And the sons of Israel do so, and Joseph 
giveth waggons to tliem by the command of 
Pharaoh, aud he giveth to tliem provision for 
the way ; - to all of them hath he given — to 
each changes of garments, and to Benjamin 
he hath given three hundred silverlings, aud 
five changes of garments ; ^ and to his father 
he hath sent thus : ten asses bearing of 
tlie good things of Egypt, and ten she-asses 
bearing corn and bread, even food for his 
father for the way. 

^■* And he sendeth his brethren away, and 
tliey go ; and he saith unto them, ' Be not 
augry in the way.' 

-^ And they go up out of Egypt, and come 
in to the land of Canaan, unto Jacob their 
father, ^^ and they declare to him, saying, 
' Joseph is yet alive,' and that he is ruler over 
all the land of E;,ypt; aud his heart ceaseth, 
for he heath not given credence to them. 

^^ And they speak imto him all the words 
of Joseph, which he hath spoken unto them, 
and he seeth the waggons which Joseph hath 
sent to bear him away, and live doth the 
spirit of Jacob their father ; "^ and Israel 
saith, ' Enough ! Joseph my son is yet alive ; 
I go and see him before I die.' 

XLVI. 1 AND Israel iourneyeth, and aU 
that he hath, aud cometli in to Beer-Sheba, 
and sacrificeth sacrifices to the God of his 
father Isaac ; ^ and God speaketh to Israel in 
visions of the night, and saith, 'Jacob, Jacob;' 
and he saith, ' Here am I.' 

^And He saith, 'I am God, God of thy 
fatlier, be not afraid of going down to Egypt, 
for for a great nation I set thee there ; ^I — I 
go down with thee to Egypt, and I — I also 
certainly bring thee up, and Joseph doth put 
his hand on thine eyes.' 

' And Jacob riseth from Beer-Sheba, and the 
sons of Israel bear away Jacob their fatlier, 
and their infants, and theu* wives, in the wag- 
gons which Pharaohhathsenttobearhini, "aiul 



they take their cattle, and their goods which 
they have acquired in the land of Canaan, and 
come into Egypt— Jacob, and all his seed with 
him, '' his sons, and his sons' sons with him, 
liis daughters, and his sons' daughters, yea, 
all his seed he brought with him into Egypt. 

8 And these are the names of the sons of 
Israel who are coming into Egypt: Jacob and 
his sons, Jacob's first-born, Betiben. "And 
sons of Reuben: Hanoch, aud Phallu, and 
Hezron, and Carmi. 

'"And sous of Simeon: Jemuel, and Jamin, 
and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul 
son of the Canaanitess. 

" And sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, aud 
Merari. 

1^ And sons of Judah : Er, and Onau, and 
Shelah, and Pliarez, and Zarah, (and Er and 
Ouan die in the land of Canaan.) And sons 
of Pharez are Hezron and Hamid. 

13 And sons of Issachar: Tola, and Phuvah, 
and Job, and Shimron. 

^•*And sons of Zebulim: Sered, and Elou, 
and Jahleel. 

1^ These are sons of Leah whom she bare to 
Jacob in Padan-Aram, and Dinah his daugh- 
ter ; all the persons of his sons end nis 
daughters are thirty aud three. 

I'^And sons of Gad: Ziphion, and Haggi, 
Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli. 

1^ And sons of Aslier : Jimnah, and Isliuah, 
and Isui, and Beriah, aud Serah their sister. 
And sons of Beriah : Heber and Malchiel. 

18 These are sons of Zilpah, whom Laban 
gave to Leah his daughter, and she beareth 
these to Jacolj — sixteen persons. 

'"Sons of Eachel, Jacob's wife: Joseph and 
Benjamin. ™ And l»orn to Joseph in the land 
of Egypt (whom Asenath daughter of Poti- 
Plicrali, priest of On, hath borne to him) are 
Manassen and Ephraim. 

-1 And sous of Benjamin : Belah, and Becher, 
and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and 
Bosh, Mupjiim, aud Huppim, and Ard. 

^"^ These are sous of Rachel, who were born 
to Jacob; all the persons are fom-teen. 

'^ And sons of Dan : Husliim. 

"•* And sons of Naphtali: Jahzeel, and Guni, 
and Jezer, and Shillera. 

^^ These are sons of Bilhah, whom Laban 
gave to Rachel his daughter; aud slie beareth 
these to Jacob — all the persons are seven. 

-'' All the persons who are coming to Jacob 
to Egypt, coming out of his thigh, apart from 
the wives of Jacob's sous, all the persons are 
sixty and six. ^ And the sons of Joseph who 
liave been born to him in Egypt are two per- 
sons. All the persons of tlie house of Jacob 
who are coming into Egypt are seventy. 

"8 And Judaii he hath sent before him unto 
Joseph, to direct before him to Goshen, and 
tliey come into tlie land of Goshen; -"and 
Joseph harnessetli his chariot, and goeth up 
to meet Israel his fatlur, to Goshen, and 
appeareth unto him, and falleth on his neck, 
and weepeth on his neck again; ^o and Israel 
saith unto Joseph, 'Let me die this time, 
after my seeing thy face, for thou art yet alive. ' 

31 And Joseph saith unto his brethren, and 
unto the house of his father, ' I go up, and 
declare to Pharaoh, and say unto liini. My 
.-{.3 



Joseph settle? his father 



XL VI. 32.— GENESIS.— XL VIII. 1. His dealing in the famine. 



brethren, and the house of my father who a?"e 
iu the laud of Cauaau have come iu unto rue ; 
^^ aud the men are feeders of a flock, for they 
have been men of cattle; and their nock, and 
their herd, and all that they have, they have 
brought.' 

^3 ' And it hath come to pass wheu Pharaoh 
calleth for you, aud hath said, What are yoiu- 
works? ^■'that ye have said, Thy servants 
have been men of cattle from om- youth, even 
until now, both we and oiu- fathers, — in order 
that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen, 
for the abomiuation of the Egyptians is every 
one feeding a Hock.' 

XLVII. 1 AND Josei)h coraeth, aud declar- 
eth to Pharaoh, and saith, ' My father, and 
my brethren, aud their flock, aud their herd, 
aud all they have, have come from the laud of 
Cauaau, aud lo, they a7-e in the laud of Goshcu. ' 

- And out of Jiis brethren he hath takeu five 
men, and setteth them before Pharaoh ; ^ aud 
Pharaoh saith unto his brethren, ' What arc 
your works?' aud they say rmto Pharaoh, 
' Thy servants are feeders of a Mock, both we 
and om- fathers ; ' •• aud they say imto Pharaoh , 
' To sojourn in the land we have come, for 
there is uo pastui-e for the flock which thy 
servants have, for grievous is the famine iu 
the land of Cauaau ; aud now, let thy servants, 
we pray thee, dwell iu the laud of Gosheu.' 

''And Pharaoh s])eakcth unto Joseph, say- 
iug, ' Thy father aud thy brethren have come 
unto thee : ^ the laud of Egypt is before thee ; 
iu the best of the laud cause thy father aud 
thy brethren to dwell— they dwell iu the laud 
of Goshen, aud if thou hast known, aud there 
are among them men of ability, then thou 
hast set them heads over the cattle I have.' 

''And Joseph bringeth iu Jacob his father, 
aud causetli liim to staud before Pharaoh ; 
aud Jacob l^lesscth Pharaoh. 8 And Pharaoh 
saith unto Jacob, ' How many are the days of 
the years of thy life?' "And Jacob saith uuto 
Pharaoh, ' The days of the years of my so- 
jouruiurrs ai-e an hundred aud thirty years; 
lew and evil have been the days of the vears 
of my life, and they have not reached the 
days of the years of the life of my fathers, in 
the days of their sojouruings.' i'' And Jacob 
blesseth Pharaoh, and gocth out from before 
Pharaoh. 

11 And Joseph settlcth his father and his 
brethren, and giveth to them a possession 
iu the laud of Egypt, iu the best of the laud, 
in tlie land of llauieses, as Pharaoh com- 
manded; i^aud Joseph uoiirisheth his father, 
aud his brethren, and all the house of his 
father juith bread, according to the mouth of 
the infants. 

!•' And there is no bread in all the land, for 
the famine is very grievous, aud the land of 
Egypt and the land of Canaan are fccljlc Ijc- 
cause of the famine; "and Joseph gathercth 
all the silver that is found in the laud of 
Egypt, and in tlie land of Cauaau, for the 
corn that they are "buying, and Josejih briug- 
etli the silver into the liouse of Pharaoh. 

^''And the silver is consumed out of the 

land of Egypt, and out of tlio land of Canaan, 

aud all the Egy))tians come in uuto Joseph, 

saying, 'Give to us bread— why do we die 

•M 



before thee, though the money hath ceased?' 
1'' and Joseph saith, ' Give vour cattle ; and 
1 give to you for yom- cattle, if the mouey hath 
ceased.' 

1" And they brin^ in their cattle unto Joseph, 
and Joseph givetli to them bread, for the 
horses, and for the cattle of the flock, and for 
the cattle of the herd, and for the asses ; and 
he tendeth them with bread, for all their 
cattle, during that year. 

1** Aud that year is finished, and they come 
iu imto him on the second year, aud say to 
him, 'We do not hide from my lord, that 
since the money hath been finished, and pos- 
session of the cattle is unto my lord, there 
hath not been left before my lord save our 
bodies, aud om' groimd; ^^why do we die 
before thine eyes, both we aud our groimd? 
buy us aud our ground for bread, and we and 
our groimd are servants to Pharaoh ; aud give 
seed, and we live, aud die not, aud the gi'ound 
is not desolate.' 

-"And Joseph buyeth all the ground of 
Egy])t for Pharaoh, for the Egj'ptiaiis have 
sold each his field, for the famine liath been 
severe iipon them, and the laud bccnuieth 
Pharaoh's ; -^ as to the iicople he liatli removed 
them to cities from the one end of the Irorder 
of Egypt even unto its other end. 

-'-Only the ground of the priests he hath 
not bought, f(U- the priests have a portion from 
Pharaoh, and they have eaten tneir portion 
which Pharaoh hath given to them, thei-cforc 
they have not sold their gi-ound, 

-^ And Joseph saith uuto the people, ' Lo, 
I have bought you to-day aud your ground 
for Pharaoh; lo! seed for you, and ye have 
sown the gTouud, -•*and it hath come to pass 
in the increases, that ye have given a fifth to 
Pharaoh, and four of the parts are for your- 
selves, for seed of the field, aud for your food, 
and for those who ai-e in your houses, aud for 
food for youi- infants.' 

-'^ Aud they say, 'Thou hast revived us; we 
find grace in the eves of my lord, and have 
been servants to Pharaoh ; ' ^^ and Joseph 
setteth it for a statute uuto this day, con- 
cerning the ground of Egypt, that Pharaoh 
hath a fifth; only the ground of the priests 
alone hath not become Pharaoh's. 

-" And Israel dwcUeth iu the land of Egyi)t, 
in the laud of Gosheu, aud they have ]>os- 
session iu it, aud are fruitful, and multiply 
exceedingly ; -^ aud Jacob liveth in the laud 
of Egypt seventeen years, and tlie days of 
Jacob, the years of his life, arc au hundied 
aud forty aud seven years. 

-"And the days of Israel are near to die, 
aud he calleth for his son, for Josei)h, aud 
saith to liim, ' If, 1 pray thee, I have found 
grace iu thine eyes, put, I pray thee, thy 
hand imder my thigh, aud thou hast done 
with mc kindness and truth ; bm-y mo uot, 1 
pray tliee, in Egji)t, 3" and I have lain with 
my fathers, and thou hast borne me out of 
Egyi)t, aud buried me in their burying-placc.' 

And he saith, '1—1 do according to thy 
word;' ^'and he saith, 'Swear to me;' and 
he sweareth to him, aud Israel boweth him- 
self on the head nf tlie bed. 

XLVIII. 1 AND it cometh to pass, after 



JacobbttsaethJosepfi's sons. XLViii. 2.— GENESIS.— xlix. 18. 



Jacob's prophecy. 



these tliiuj^s, that one saitli to Joscpli, ' Lo, 
thy fatlifn- is sick;' aucl he taketh his two 
sous with liiin, iVIauasseh aucl Ephraim. 
^ Aud one declareth to Jacob, and saith, ' Lo, 
thy sou Joseph is comiug uuto tliee;' aud 
Israel doth strengthen himself, aud sit upou 
the bed. 

•* Aud Jacob saith uuto Joseph, ' God Al- 
mighty liath appeared uuto me, in Luz, in the 
laud of Cauaau, aud blesseth me, * aud saith 
uuto me, Lo, I am making thee fruitful, and 
have multiplied thee, aud given thee for an 
assembly of peoples, aud given this laud to 
thy seed after thee, a possession age-duriug. 

° ' And now, thy two sous, who are boru to 
thee in tlie laud of Egypt, before my comiug 
unto thee to Egypt, mine they a?'e; Ephraim 
aud Mauasseh, as Reuben aud Simeon they 
are mine; "^aud thy family wliich thou hast 
begotten after them are thiue ; by the uame 
of their bretlii-en they are called in their in- 
heritance. 

^ ' And I — in my coming in from Padan- 
Arani Rachel hath died by me in the land of 
Canaan, in the way, while yet a kibrath of 
laud to euter Ephrata, aud I bury her there in 
the way of Ephrata, which is Bethleliem.' 

8 And Israel seeth the sous of Joseph, and 
saith, 'Wlioa/'e these?' "and Joseph saith 
uuto his father, 'They are my sous, whom 
God hath given to me in tiiis j!)^ace ; ' aud he 
saitli, ' Bring them, I pray thee, uuto me, and 
I bless tliem.' 

'" Aud the eyes of Israel have been heavy 
from age, he is unable to see; aud he brinj'- 
eth them nigh uuto him, aud he kisseth 
them, and cleavetli to theui; ^^ and Israel 
saifch uuto Joseph, 'To see thy face I had 
not thought, aud lo, God hathi shewed me 
also thy seed.' 

'■' Aud Joseph bringeth them out from be- 
tween liis knees, and boweth liimself on his 
face to the earth ; ^'^ aud Joseph taketh them 
both, Ephraim iu his right liand towards 
Israel's left, aud Manasseh iu his left towards 
Israel's riglit, aud bringeth tJiem uigli to him. 

'^Aud Israel putteth out his right hand, 
au<l placeth it upou the head of Ephraim, who 
16 the younger, and his left hand upou the head 
of Mauasseh ; he hath guidedhishauds wisely, 
for Mauasseh in the first-born. 

'^ Aud lie blesseth Joseph, aud saith, 'God, 
before whom my fathers Abraham aud Isaac 
walked habitually: God who is feeding me 
from my being unto this day: ^" the Messenger 
who is redeemiug me from all evil doth bless 
the youths, aud my uame iscalled upou them, 
and the uame of my fathers Abraham and 
Isaac; aud they increase into a multitude iu 
the midst of the land.' 

!■' And Josejjh seeth that his father setteth 
his right baud on the liead of Ephraim, aud it 
is wrong iu his eyes, aud he supporteth the 
hand of his father to turn it aside from off the 
head of Ephraim to the liead of Mauasseh'j 
1^ aud Jose])h saith unto his father, ' IN'ot so, 
my father, for this is the lirst-boru ; set thy 
right hand on his head.' 

1'' Aud his father ref useth, and saith, 'I have 
known, my sou, 1 have known ; he also be- 
cometli a people, aud he also is great, aud yet, 



his young brother is greater thau he, and his 
seed is the fuluess of the nations;' '-'^and he 
l)lesseth them iu that day, saying, ' By thee 
doth Israel bless, saying, God set thee as 
Ei)hraim aud as Mauasseh;' and he setteth 
Ephraim before Mauasseh. 

-] Aud Israel saith unto Joseph, ' Lo, I am 
dying, and God hath been with you, aud liatli 
brought you back uuto the land of your 
fathers ; ''•^and I— I have given to thee one por- 
tion above thy brethren, which I have taken 
out of the hand of the Amorite by my sword 
and by my bow.' 

XlilX. ^ AND Jacob calleth imto his sous 
and saith, ' Be gathered together, aud I de- 
clare to you that which doth happen with you 
in the latter end of the days. 
- ' Be assembled, aud hear, sons of Jacob, 

Aud hearken uuto Israel your father. 
■* Reuben ! my hrst-boru thou. 

My power, aud beginning of my strength, 

The abundance of exaltation, 

Aud the abundance of strength ; 
* Unstable as water, thou art not abimdaut ; 

For thou hast gone up thy father's bed; 

Then thou hast polluted : 

My couch he weut up ! 
^Simeon and Levi are brethren! 

Instruments of violence —their espousals ! 
•^ Into their secret, come not, my soul ! 

Unto their assembly be uot united, 

miue honour; 

For iu their auger they slew a man, 
And in their self-will eradicated a prince. 
^ Cursed is their anger, for it is tierce. 
And their wrath, for it is sharp ; 

1 divide them in Jacob, 
And I scatter them iu Israel. 

^ Judah! thou— thy brethren praise thee I 
Thy hand is on the neck of thine enemies, 
Sous of thy father bow themselves to thee. 
" A lion's whelp is Judah, 
For prey, my sou, thou hast gone up; 
He hath beut, he hath crouched as a lion, 
Aud as a liouess ; who causeth him to arise? 

^^ The sceptre turneth uot aside from Judah, 
Aud a lawgiver from between his feet. 
Till his Seed come; 
Aud his is the oljedience of peoples. 

" Binding to the vine his ass. 
And to the choice vine the colt of his ass. 
He hath washed in wiue his clothing, 
And iu the blood of grapes his covering; 

1- Red are eyes with wiue, 

Aud white are teeth with milk ! 

^^ ZebiUuu at a haven of the seas doth dwell, 
Aud he is for a haven of ships j 
And his side is uuto Zidon. 

1^ Issacher is a strong ass, 
Crouching between the two folds ; 

1^ Aud he seeth rest that it is good, 
Aud the land that it is pleasant, 
Aud he incliueth his shoulder to bear, 
Aud is to tribute a servaut. 

1" Dan doth .judge his iieople. 
As one of the tribes of Israel; 

I'' Dan is a serpent by the way, 
All adder by the path. 
Which is biting the liorse's heels, 
And its rider falleth backward. 

IS For Tliy salvation 1 have waited, Jehovah 1 
35 



Jacob's death and funeral. 



xLix. 19. -GENESIS. —L. 26. 



Death of Joseph. 



" Gad! a troop assaulteth him, 

But lie assaulteth last. 
-'' Out of Asher his bread is fat; 

And he jjiveth daiuties of a kiug. 
-^ Naphtah is a hiud seot away, 

Wlio is giving beauteous yoiuig oues. 
'-" Joseph is a f riutfid son ; 
A fruitfid son by a fountain , 
Daughters step over the wall; 
-■' And embitter him — yea, they have striven. 

Yea, hate him do archers ; 
-^ And his bow abideth in strength. 
And strengthened are the arms of his liauds 
By the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob, 
mience is a shepherd, a son of Israel. 
-5 By the God of thy father who helpeth thee, 
And the Mighty One wlio blesseth thee, 
Blessings of the lieavens from above, 
lilessings of tlie deep lying imder, 
Blessin;^s of breasts and womb ; — 
-'■ Thy father's blessings have been mighty 
Above the blessings of my progenitors. 
Unto tlie limit of the heights age-diuiug 
Tliey are for the head of Joseph, 
And for tlie crown of the one 
Separate /ro?M his brethren. 
-' Benjamin! a wolf tearetli ; 
In the moi'ning he eateth ])rey, 
And at evening he apportioueth spoil.' 
-'^ All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, 
and this is that which their father hath spoken 
unto them, and he blesseth them ; each ac- 
cording to his blessing he hath blessed them. 
-•• And he commandeth them, and saith un- 
to tliem, ' I am being gathered unto my people; 
l)ury me by my fathers, at the cave wiich is 
in the field of Ephron the Hittite; ^o in the 
cave which is in the field of Machpelah, which 
is on the front of Mamre, in the land of Ca- 
naan, which Abraham bouglit wth tlie field 
from Eiihron tlie Hittite for a possession of a 
burying-place ; ^' (there they buried Abraham 
and Sarah his wife ; there they buried Isaac 
and Bebekah his wife,; and there I buried 
Leah); ^"the purchase of the field and of the 
cave which is in it, vi from Sous of Hcth.' 

■*''Aud Jacob fiuisheth commanding his 
sons, and gathercth up his feet unto the bed, 
and expireth, and is gathered xinto his people. 
L. lAND Joseph falleth on his father's 
face, and weepetli over liim, and kisseth 
liim ; - and Joseph commandeth his servants, 
the physicians, to embalm his father, and the 
physicians embalm Israel ; •' and they fidlil 
lor him forty days, for so they fulfil the days 
of the embalmed, and the Egyptians weep for 
him seventy days. 

■* And the days of his weeping pass away, 
and Joseph spcaketh unto the house of 
I'liaraoh, saying, 'If, I pray you, I have 
found grace in your eyes, speak, I pray you, 
in the ears of Pharaoh, saying, f* My father 
caused me to swear, saying, Lo, I am dying ; 
in my buiying-place which I have prepared 
for myself in the land' of Canaan, there dost 
thou bui-y me ; and now, let me go uii, I i)ray 
thee, and bury my father, and return ;' ''and 
Pharaoh saith 'Go uj) and bury thy father, 
as he caused tiiec to swear.' 

7 And Joseph goeth up to bury his father, 
and go up with him do all the servants of 
30 



Pharaoh, elders of his house, and all tho 
elders of the land of Egypt, "and all the 
house of Joseph, and his brethren, and the 
house of his tatlier ; only their infants, and 
their flock, and their herd, have they left 
in the land of Goshen ; " and there go uj^ 
mth him both chariot and horsemen, ana 
the camp is very great. 

^^ And they come unto tlie threshing-floor 
of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, and 
they lament there, a lamentation great and 
very grievous ; and he rnaketh for his father 
a mourning seven days, J^^ and the inhabitant 
of the land, the Canaanite. see the mourning 
in the threshing-tioor of Atad, and say, 'A 
grievous mourning is this to the Egyi^tians ; ' 
therefore hath ane called its name 'The 
mom-ning of the Egyiitians,' which is beyond 
the Jordan. 

i-Aud his sous do to him so as he com 
mauded them, ^^ and his sons bear him away 
to the land of Canaan, and bury him in the 
cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abra- 
ham bought with the field for a possession of 
a burjring-place, from Ephron the Hittite, on 
the front of Mami'e. 

"And Joseph tm-neth back to Egypt, he 
and his brethren, and all who are going up 
^vith him to bury his father, after his burying 
his father. 

i^Aiid the brethren of Joseph see that 
their father is dead, and say, ' Peradventure 
Joseph doth hate us, and doth certainly return 
to us all the evil which we did with him.' 

'^ And they give a charge for Joseph, sayiiif,, 
' Thy father commanded before his death, 
saying, I'Tluis ye do say to Joseph, I pray 
tliee, bear, I pray thee, with the transgres- 
sion of thy brethren, and their sin, for they 
have done thee e\'il; and now, bear, we pray 
thee, Avith the transgression of the servants 
of the God of thy father ; ' and Joseph weep- 
etli in their speaking unto them. 

'8 And his brethren also go and fall before 
him, and say, 'Lo, we are to thee for servants.' 

1^ And Joseph saith unto them, ' Fear not, 
for am I in the place of God? -" As for you, 
ye devised against me evil — God devised it 
for good, in order to do as at this day, to 
keep aUve a nmnerous pcox)le ; '^ and now, 
fear not: I do nourish you and your infants ;' 
and he comforteth them, and spcaketh unto 
their heart. 

"-And Joseph dwelleth in Egji^t, he and 
the house of his father, and Joseph liveth 
a hundred and ten years, -•' and Joseph look- 
cth on Ephraim's sons of the tliird genera- 
tion; sons also of Machir, son of Mauasseh, 
liave been born on the knees of Joseph. 

'-'■'And Josejih saith unto his brethren, 'I 
am dying, and God doth certainly inspect 
vou, and hath caused you to go up from this 
land, imto the land whicJi He hath sworn to 
Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.' 

" And Joseph causeth the sons of Israel to 



swear, saying, ' God doth certainly inspect 
you, and ye ha 
this place.' 



you, and ye have brought up my bones from 



'•"And Joseph dicth, a son of an hundred 
and ten years, and they embalm him, and be 
is )uit into a coliiu in i5gypt. 



EXODUS. 



CHAP. 1. ' AND tliese are the names of the 
sons of Israel Avbo are coming into EL!;ypt 
with Jacob; a man and his household have 
they come : - Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and 
Judah, ^Issachar, Zcbiilun, and Benjamin, 
* Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Aslier. ^ And 
all the persons coming out of the thigh of 
Jacob are seventy persons ; as to Joseph, he 
was in E^pt. 

"And Josei^h dieth, and all his brethren, 
and all that generation; ''and the sons of 
Israel have been fruitful, and they teem, and 
multiply, and are v^ery very mighty, and the 
land IS filled with them. 

" And there riseth a new king over Egypt, 
who hath not known .Joseph, "and he saitli 
unto his people, ' Lo, the people of the sons 
of Israel is more numerous and mighty than 
we: 1" give help! let us act wisely concerning 
it, lest it midtiply, and it hath come to pass, 
when war happeueth, that it hath been I'oin- 
ed, even it, unto those hating us, and nath 
fought against us. and hath gone out up of the 
land.' 

1' And they set over it princes of tribute, 
so as to afflict it witli their burdens, and it 
buildeth store-cities for Pharaoh, Pithom and 
Raamses ; ^- and as they afltlict it, so it multi- 
filieth, and so it breaketh forth, and they are 
vexed because of the sons of Israel; ^^and 
the Egyjitians cause the sons of Israel to 
serve with rigour, i'^ and make their lives 
bitter in hard aervice,_in clay, and in brick, and 
in every kind of service in the field; all their 
service in which they have served is with 
rigour. 

^•'And the kin^ of Egjrpt speaketh to the 
midwives, the Hebrewesses, (of whom the 
name of the one is Shiphrah, and the name 
of the second Puah), ^'^ and saith, ' When ye 
cause the Hebrew women to bear, and have 
looked on the children ; if it is a son — then 
ye have put him to death ; and if it is a daugh- 
ter — then she hath lived.' 

i^And the midwives fear God, and have 
not done as the king of ECTrpt hath spoken 
unto them, and keep the lads alive; ^^and 
the kinf? of Egypt calleth for the midwives, 
and .saith to them, 'Wlierefore have ye 
done this thing, and keep the lads alive?' 
•"And the midwives say unto Pharaoh, 'Be- 
cause the Hebrew women are not as the 
Egyptian women, for they are lively ; before 
the midwife cometh in unto them — they have 
l)orne ! ' 

'■"And God doth good to the midwives, and 
the people midtiply, and arc very mighty; 
-' and it cometh to pass, because the midwives 
have feared God, that He maketh for them 
liouseholds; -'-and Pharaoh layeth a charge 
tin all his p"ople, saying, 'Every son who is 
bom — into the River ye do cast him, and every 
daughter ve do keep alive.' 

11. ' AND there goetli a man of the house 
of Levi, and lie takotli tlie daughter of Jjo.vi. 



-and the woman conceiveth, and licarcth a 
son, and she seeth him that he is fair, an(^ 
she hideth him three months, •* and slie hatli 
not been al)le any more to hide him, and sho 
taketh for him an ark of rushes, and daubeth 
it with bitiimen and with pitch, and putteth 
the lad in it, and putteth it in the weeds by 
the edge of the River ; •* and his sister station- 
eth herself afar of!', to know what is done to 
him. 

^ And a daughter of Pharaoh cometh down 
to bathe at the River, and her damsels are 
walking by the side of the River, and she 
seeth the ark in the midst of the weeds, and 
sendeth her handmaid, and she taketh it, 
"and openeth, and seeth him — the lad, an(l 
lo, a child weeping! and she hath pity on 
him, and saith. This is one of the Hebrews' 
children.' 

' And his sister saith unto the daughter of 
Pharaoh, 'Do I go? when I have called for 
thee a suckling woman of the Hebrews, then 
she doth sucklu thu lad fur thee;' ^and the 
daughter of Pharaoh saith to her, ' Go ;' and 
the virgin goeth, and calleth the mother 
of the lad, "and the_ daughter of Pharaoh 
saith to her, ' Take this lad away, and suckle 
him for me, and I — I give thy hire;' and 
the woman taketh the lad, and suckleth 
him. 

•"And the lad groweth, and she bringeth 
him in to the daughter of Pharaoh, and he 
is to her for a son, and she calleth his name 
Moses, and saith, 'Because — from the water 
I have drawn him.' 

'• And it cometh to pass, in those days, 
that Moses is grown, and he goeth out unto 
his brethren, and looketh on their burdens, 
and seeth a man, an Egyptian, smiting a man, 
a Hebrew, one of his brethren, •'- and lie turn- 
cth hither and thither, and seeth that there 
is no man, and smiteth the Egyptian, and 
hideth him in the sand. 

1^ And he goeth out on the second day, and 
lo, two men, Hebrews, striving! and he saith 
to the wrong-doer, ' Wliy dost thou smite thy 
neighbour?' ^■*and he saith, 'Wlio set thee 
for a head and a judge over us? to slay mo 
art thou saying it, as thou hast slain the 
Egyptian?' and Moses feareth, and saith, 
' Surely the thing hath been known.' _ 

^'And Pharaoh heareth of this thing, and 
seeketh to slay Moses, and Moses fleeth from 
the face of Pharaoh, and dwelleth in the land 
of Midian, and dwelleth by the well. 

i"And to a priest of Midian are seven 
daughters, and they come and draw, and 
fill the troughs, to water the flock of their 
father, ^'and the shepherds come and drive 
them away, and Moses ariseth, and saveth 
them, and watereth their flock. 

"* And they come in to Rcuel their father, 

and he saith, 'Wlierefore have ye hastened 

to come in to-day?' '"and they say, ' A man, 

an Egyptian, hath delivered us out of the 

.37 



Tli£ burning hush, from wliich ii. 20.— EXODUS.— iv. 7. 



Ood communes with Moses, 



hand of tlie sliciilierds, and also liath dili- 
gently drawn for ns, and watereth the flock ;' 
'"' and he saith nnto his daughters, ' And 
where is he ? why is this?— ye left the man! 
call for him, and lie doth eat bread.' 

^^ And Moses is willing to dwell with the 
man, and he givetli Zipporah his daiighter 
to MoseSj --and she bearetli a son, and he 
calleth his name Gershom, for he said, 'A 
sojourner I have been in a strange land.' 

-3 And it Cometh to pass during these many 
days, that the king of Egypt dieth, and the 
sons of Israel sigh because of the service, and 
cry, and their cry goeth up unto God, be- 
cause of the service ; -•* and God hearetli 
their groaning, and God remembereth His 
covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and 
^vith Jacob ; -^ and God seeth the sons of 
Israel, and God knoweth. 

III. lAND Moses bath been feeding the 
flock of Jethro his father-in-law, priest of 
Midian, and he leadeth the flock beliind the 
wilderness, and cometh in unto the mount of 
God, to Horeb ; - and there appeareth unto 
him a messenger of Jebovah in a flame of 
fire, out of the midst of the bush, and he 
seeth, and lo, the bush is burning with fire, 
and the bush is not consimied. 

^ And Moses saitli, ' Let me turn aside, I 
pray thee, and I see this great appearance ; 
wherefore is the bush not Inu-ned ? ' •* and 
Jehovah seeth that he hath tiirned aside to 
see, and God calleth unto him out of the 
midst of the bush, and saith, ' Moses, Moses;' 
and he saith, ' Here a7n I.' 

^ And He saith, ' Come not near hither : 
cast thy shoes from off' thy feet, for the place 
on whicli thou art standing is holy ground.' 
" He saith also, ' I am the God of thy father, 
God of Abraham, God of Isaac, and God of 
Jacob ;' and Moses hideth his face, for he is 
afraid to look towards God. 

7 And Jehovah saith, 'I have certainly seen 
the affliction of T\Iy people who are in figy]it, 
and their cry I have heard, because of its 
exactors, for I have known its pains ; ^ and 
I go down to deliver it out of the hand of the 
Egyptians, and to cause it to go up out of 
that land, unto a land good and broad, imto 
a land flowing with milk and honey — unto 
the place of the Canaanite, and the Hittite, 
and the Amorite, and the Perizzite, and the 
Hivite, and the Jcbusite. 

" ' And now, lo, the cry of the sons of Israel 
hath come in unto Me, and I have also seen 
the oppression with wliich the Egyptians are 
ojipressing them, ^° and now, come, and I 
send thee unto rharaoh, and bring thou out 
My people, the sons of Israel, out of Egypt.' 

" And Moses saith unto God, ' Who am 
I, that I go unto Pharaoh, and that I bring 
out the sons of Israel from Egypt?' '-and 
He saith, 'Because I am ■\^^th thee, and this 
is to thee the sign that I have sent thee: in 
tliy bringing out the peojile from Egyjit — ye 
do serve God on this mount.' 

'■' And Moses saith unto God, ' Lo, I am 
coming unto the sons of Israel, and have 
said to them, The God of your fathers hath 
sent mc imto you, and they have said to me, 
What w His name ? what do I say unto 



them?' '^ And God saith unto Moses, ' I AM 
THAT WHICH I AM;' He saith also, 
'Thus dost tliou say to the sons of Israel, 
I AM hath sent me unto you.' 

1^ And God saith again unto Moses, 'Thus 
dost thou say unto the sons of Israel. Je- 
hovah, God of your fathers, God of Abra- 
ham, God of Isaac, and God of Jacob, hath 
sent me unto you ; this is My name — to the 
age, and this My memorial, to generation — 
generation. 

1" ' Go, and thou hast gathered the elders of 
Israel, and hast said imto them: Jehovah, 
God of your fathers, hath appeareth unto me, 
God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, 1 
have certainly inspected you, and that which 
is done to you in Eg>^it; i'' and I say, I bring 
you up out of the affliction of Egypt, unto the 
land of the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and 
the Amorite, and the Perizzite, andthe Hivite, 
and the Jebusite, imto a land flowing with 
milk and honey. 

's ' And they have hearkened to thy voice, 
and tlioii hast entered, thou and the elders of 
Israel, unto the king of Eg;\'pt, and ye liavo 
said unto him, Jehovah, God of the Hebrews, 
hath met with us ; and now, let us go, we pray 
thee, a journey of three days into the wil- 
derness, and we sacrifice to Jehovah our God. 

'■' ' And I — I have kno^vn that the king of 
Egy{:)t doth not permit you to go, unless by 
a strong hand, -"and I have put forth My 
hand, and have smitten Egyjit vnth. all My 
wonders, which I do in its midst — and after- 
wards he doth send you away. 

-1 ' And I have given the grace of this people 
in the eyes of the Egyptians, and it hath como 
to pass, when ye go, ye go not empty; --and 
ever?/ woman hath asked from her neigh- 
bour, and from her who is sojourning in her 
house, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, 
and garments, and ye have juit them on your 
sons and on your daughters, and have spoiled 
the Egyptians. 

IV. 1 AND Moses answereth and saith, 
' And, if they do not give credence to me, nor 
hearken to my voice, and say, Jehovah hath 
not appeared imto thee?' 

-And Jehovah saith imto him, 'Wliat m 
this in thy hand?' and he saith, 'A rod;' 
■* and He saith, ' Cast it to the earth :' and he 
casteth it to the earth, and it becometh a ser- 
lient — and Moses fleeth from its presence. 

■* And Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' Put forth 
thy hand, and lay hold on the tail of it ;' and he 
]iiitteth forth his hand, andlayeth hold on it, 
and it becometh a rod in his hand — 

^ ' — so that they believe that Jehovah, God 
of their fathers, hath a]i]iearcd unto thee, 
God of Abraham, God of Isaac, and God of 
Jacob.' 

^ And Jehovah saith to him again, ' Put in, 
I pray thee, thy hand into thy bosom ; ' and he 
putteth in his hand into his bosom, and ho 
bringcth it out, and lo, his hand is leprous as 
snow; ''and He saith, 'Put liack thy hand 
unto thy bosom;' and he putteth back his 
hand unto his bosom, and he bringcth it out 
from his bosom, and lo, it hath turned back as 
his flesh — 

8' — and it hath come to pass, if they do not 



Afoses rehima unto Egypt. 



rv. 9.— EXODUS.— V. 16, 



The mexitage to Pharaoh 



give credence to thee, and hearken not to the 
voice of tlie first sign, tliat they have given 
credence to the voice of the Latter sign. 

^ ' And it hath come to pass, if they do not 
give credence even to tliese two signs, nor 
hearken to thy voice, that thou liast taken of 
the waters of the River, and hast poured on 
tlie dry land, and the waters wnich thou 
takest from the River have been, yea, they 
have become — blood on the dry land.' 

'"And Moses saith unto Jeliovah, '0, my 
Lord, I a??j not a man of words, either yes- 
terday, or before, or since Thy speaking unto 
Thy servant, for I am slow of moiith, and 
slow of tongue.' 

'1 And Jehovah saith unto him, ' Wlio ap- 
pointed a mouth for man ? or who appointeth 
the dumb, or deaf, or open, or bhud? is it 
not I, Jehovah? '" and now, go, and I — I am 
with thy mouth, and have directed thee that 
which tliou speakest ; '^ and he saith, ' 0, my 
Lord, send, I ijray tliee, by the hand Thou 
do.st send.' 

i'' And the anger of Jehovah burneth against 
Moses, and He saith, 'Is not Aaron the 
Levite thy brother? I have known that he 
speak eth well, and also, lo, he is coming out 
to meet thee ; when he hath seen thee, then 
he hath rejoiced in his heart, ^^ and thou 
hast spoken imto him, and hast set the words 
in his mouth, and I — I am vnth thy mouth, 
and with his mouth, and have directed yoxi 
that which ye do ; '" and he, he hath spoken 
for thee unto the people, and it hath come to 
pass, he — he is to thee for a mouth, and thou 
— thou art to him for God ; ''' and this rod 
thou dost take in thy hand, with which thou 
doest the signs.' 

1^ And Moses goeth and turueth back unto 
Jethro his father-in-law, and saith to him, 
' Let me go, I pray thee, and I turn back imto 
my lirethren wlio are in Egypt, and I see 
whether they are yet alive.' And Jethro 
saith to Moses, 'Go in peace.' 

I'^And Jeliovah saith unto Moses in Mi- 
dian, 'Go, turn back to Egyi^t, for all the 
men have died who seek thy life;' -° and 
Moses taketh his wife, and his sons, and 
causeth them to ride on the ass, and turneth 
Imck to the land of Egypt, and Moses taketh 
the rod of God in his hand. 

-1 And Jehovah saith imto Moses, ' In thy 
going to turn back to Egyi)t, see — all the 
wonders which I have pait in thy hand — that 
thou hast done them before Pharaoli, and T 
— I strengthen his heart, and he doth not 
send the people away ; "^ and thou hast said 
unto Pharaoh, Thus said Jehovah, My son, 
My first born is Israel, -^ and I say imto thee. 
Send away My son, and he doth serve Me ; 
and — thou dost refuse to send him away — lo, 
I am slaying thy son, tliy first-born.' 

^ And it cojneth to pass in the way, in a 
lodging place, that Jehovah meeteth him, 
and seeketh to init him to death ; -' and 
Zipporah taketli a fiint, and cutteth off the 
foreskin of her son, and causeth it to tovich 
his feet, and saith, ' Surely a bridegroom of 
blood art thou to me;' -''and He dcsisteth 
from him: then she said, 'A bridegroom of 
blood,' in reference to the circumcision. 



"^ And Jehovah saith unto Aaron, ' Go to 
meet Moses into the wilderness;' and lie 
goeth, and meeteth him in the mount of God, 
and kisseth him, -^ and Moses declarcth to 
Aaron all the words of Jehovah witli which 
Hehath sent him, and all the signs with 
which He hath charged him. 

^3 And Moses goeth — Aaron also— and they 
gather all the elders of the sons of Israel, 
^"and Aaron speaketh all the words whicli 
Jehovah hath spoken unto Moses, and dotli 
the sims before the eyes of the people ; 
^1 and tlie people believe when they hear that 
Jehovah hath looked after the sons of Israel, 
and that He hath seen their affliction ; and 
they bow and do obeisance. 

V. 1 AND afterwards liave Moses and 
Aaron entered, and they say unto Pharaoh, 
' Thus said Jehovah, God of Israel, Send My 
people away, and they keep a feast to Me in 
the wilderness;' ^and Pharaoh saith, 'Wlio 
is Jehovah, that I hearken to His voice, to 
send Israel away? I have not known Je- 
hovah, and Israel also I do not send away.' 

3 And they say, ' The God of the Hebrews 
hath met with us, let us go, we pray thee, 
a journey of three days into the wilderness, 
and we sacrifice to Jehovah our God, lest 
He meet us with pestilence or with sword.' 

■* And the king of Egyi^t saith unto them, 
' Why, Moses and Aaron, do ye free the 
people from its works? go to your burdens.' 
^ Pharaoh also saith, ' Lo, numerous now is 
the people of the land, and ye liave caused 
them to cease from their bm-dens ! ' 

•^ And Pharaoh commandeth, on that day, 
the exactors among the peojile and its author- 
ities, saying, '' ' Ye do not add to give straw 
to the people for the making of the bricks, as 
lieretofore — they go and have gathered straw 
for themselves ; ^ and the proper quantity of 
the bricks which they are maldng heretofore 
ye do put on them, ye do not diminish from 
it, for they are remiss, tlierefore they are 
crying, saying. Let us go, let us sacrifice to 
our God; "let the service be 'heavy on the 
men, and let them work at it, and not be 
dazzled by lying words.' 

'"And the exactors of the people, and its 
authorities, go out, and speak unto the people, 
saying, ' Thus said Pharaoh, I do not give you 
straw, '1 ye — go ye, take for yourselves straw 
where ye find it, for there is nothing of your 
service diminished.' 

'" And the people is scattered over all the 
land of Egypt, to gather stubble for straw, 
'■'and the exactors are making haste, saying, 
' Complete your works, tlie matter of a day 
in its day, as when there is straw.' 

'•* And the autliorities of the sons of Israel, 
whom the exactors of Pharaoh have placed 
over them, are beaten, saying, 'Wlierefore 
have ye not comi>]cted your portion in mak- 
ing brick as heretofore, both yesterday and 
to-day?' 

1' And the authorities of the sons of Israel 
come in and cry imto Pharaoh, saying, ' Wliy 
dost thou thus to thy servants ? '" Straw is 
not given to thy servants, and they arc say- 
ing to us, Make bricks, and lo, thy servanta 
are smitten — and thv pconlc liatli sinned. 
" .'59 



Ood promises to deliver Israel. v. 17.— EXODUS.— vii. Ti. Authority of Moses cnlarrjf a. 



^^ And lie saitli, ' Remiss — ye arc remiss, 
therefore yc are savings I^efc xis go, let lis sac- 
rifice to J ehovali; ''''aiul uow, KG, serve; and 
straw is not given to you, and tlie measure of 
bricks ye do give.' 

i'-* And the authorities of the sons of Israel 
see them in afliiction, saying, 'Ye do not di- 
minish from your bricks ; the matter of a day 
in its day.' 

^"And they meet Moses and Aaron .standing 
to meet them, in their coming out from Pha- 
raoh, "1 and say imto them, ' Jehovah look 
upon you, and judge, because ye liavc caused 
our fra^ance to stink in the eyes of Pharaoli, 
and in tiie eyes of his servants— to give a sword 
into their hand to slay us.' 

"And Moses turueth back uuto Jehovah, 
and saith, ' Lord, why hast Thou done e\dl 
to this people? why is tliis? — Tliou hast sent 
me ! -^ and since I liave come uuto Pharaoli, 
to speak in Thy name, he hath doue evil to 
this people, and Thou liast not at all delivered 
Thy people.' 

VI. 1 AND Jehovah saith unto Moses, 
' Now dost thou see that which I do to Pha- 
raoh, for with a strong hand he doth send 
them away, yea, with a strong hand he doth 
cast them out of his laud.' 

^ And God sj)eakcth unto Moses, and saith 
(into him, ' I am Jehovah, ^ and I juipear 
unto A brail am, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, 
as God Almighty ; as to My name Jehovah, 
I have not been known to them ; * and also I 
have established My covenant witli them, to 
^ve to them tlie land of Canaan, the land 
of their sojouruings, wlicrein they have so- 
journed ; ^ and also I have heard the groan- 
ing of the sons of Israel, whom the Egyjit- 
ians arc causing to serve, and I remember My 
covenant. 

" 'Therefore say to the sons of Israel, I am 
Jehovah, and I have brought you out from 
under the burdens of the Egyptians, and 
have delivered you from their service, and 
have redeemed you by a stretclied-out arm, 
and by gi'cat judgments, ''and have taken 
you to Me for a iieople, and I have been to you 
for God, and ye have known that I am Je- 
hovah your God, wlio is bringing you out 
from under the burdens of tlie Egyptians; 
^and I have brought you in unto the land 
which I have lifted up My hand to give it to 
Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, and have 
given it to you — a possession; I am Je- 
hovah.' 

*Aud Moses speaketh so uuto the sons of 
Israel, and they hearkened not uuto Moses, 
for anguish of siiirit, and for liar.sh service. 

1^ And Jchovali siieaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, ^^ 'Go in, speak unto I'haraoh king of 
Egypt, and lie doth scud the sons of Israel 
out of his land ; i- and Moses speaketh 
before Jehovah, saying, ' Lo, the sons of 
[srael have not hearkened unto me, and how 
doth Pharaoh hear me, and I of uncircum- 
cised li])S?' 

^* And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, and 
unto Aaron, and cliargcth them for the sons 
of Israel, and for Pharaoh king of Egyi)t, to 
bring out the sons of Israel from the land of 
Egypt. 

40 



"These are heads of the house of their 
fathers : Sons of Reuben first-born of Israel 
are Hanoch, and Pliallu, Hezron, and Carmi: 
these are f.amilies of Reuben. 

^■' And sons of Simeon are Jemiiel, and 
Jamin, and Oliad, and Jachin, and Zohar, 
and Shaul, son of the Ganaanitess: these are 
families of Simeon. 

'"And these are the names of the sons of 
Tjcvi, as to their births : Gerslion, and Ko- 
hath, and Merari : and the years of the life 
of Levi are a hundred and thirty and seven 
vears. '^The sons of Gershon are Libni, and 
vShimi, as to their families. '^And the sons 
of Koliath are Amram, and Izliar, and Heb- 
ron, and Uzzicl : and the years of the life of 
Kohath are a hundred and thirty and three 
years. '-'Andthe sons of Merari are Mahli 
and Mushi : these arc families of Levi, as to 
their births. 

-" And Amram taketh Jochcljed his aunt 
to himself for a \vife, and she beareth to 
him Aaron and Moses : and the vears of the 
life of Amram are a lumdred and thirty and 
seven years. 

'^i And sons of Izhar are Korah, and Nep- 
hog, and Zichri. ""'And sons of Uzsriel are 
Mishael, and Elzaphan, and Sithri. 

^•' And Aaron talteth Elisheba daughter of 
Amminadab, sister of Naashon, to himself 
1( r a wife, and she beareth to him Nadab, 
and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. 

'■'And sons of Koraii are Assir, and El- 
kanah, and Abiasajih : these are families of 
the Korhite. 

"^ And Eleazar, Aaron's son, hath taken to 
him one of the daughters of Putiel for a Avife 
to himself, ami she beareth to him Phinehas: 
these are heads of the fathers of the Levites, 
as to their families. 

-"This IS Aaron — and Moses — to whom 
.Tehov%ah said, 'Bring ye out the sons of 
Israel from the land of Egyi^t, by their 
hosts ; ' -^ these are they who are s]ieaking unto 
Pharaoh king of Egyjit, to bring out the 
sons of Israel from Egypt, this is Moses — 
and Aaron. 

-** And it cometh to pass in the day of .Te- 
hovah's siieaking unto Moses in the laud of 
Egyjit, -" that Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, 
saying, ' I am Jehovah, speak unto Pharaoli 
king of Egypt all that I am speaking unto 
thee.' ^^ And Moses saith before Jehovah, 
' Lo, I am of uncircumcised lips, and how 
doth Pharaoh hearken unto me? 

VII. 1 AND Jehovah saith unto Moses, 
'See, I have given thee a god to Pharaoh, 
and Aaron thy brother is thy proi)liet ; "thou 
—thou dost speak all that I command thee, 
and Aaron thy brother doth speak unto 
Pharaohj and he hath sent the sons of Israel 
out of his laud. 

■''And I harden the heart of Pharaoh, and 
have multii)licd My signs and My wonders in 
the land of Eg>'pt, •• and Ph.araoli doth not 
hearken, and I have ])ut Mv hand on Egypt, 
and have ln-oiight out My lio.sts. My ]iooplc, 
tlie sons of Israel, from tlie land of Eg>iit 
l)y great judgments; °and the Egyi)tiana 
have known that I am Jehovah, in My 
stretching out My hand against Egjqit ; .and 



The sorcerers of Egypt. 



VII. 6.— EXODUS.— nn. 18. 



The plar/ues of JUgypt. 



I have l)roiight out tlie sous of Israel from 1 
their midst.' 

*' Aud Moses dotli — Aaron also — as Jeliovali 
commanded tbem ; so have they done ; '' and 
Moses is a son of eighty years, and Aaron is 
a son of eifflity and three years, in their speak- 
ing xmto Pharaoh. 

^And Jehovah spealceth unto Moses and 
unto Aaron, saying, " ' Wlien Pliaraoh speak- 
eth unto you, saying. Give for yourselves a 
wonder; then thou hast said unto Aaron, 
Take thy rod, and cast before Pharaoh — it be- 
cometh a monster.' 

^° And Moses goeth in — Aaron also — unto 
Pharaoh, aud they do so as Jehovah liath 
commanded; and Aaron casteth his rod 1)C- 
fore Pharaoh, and before his servants, aud it 
becometh a monster. 

^' And Pharaoh also calleth for wise men, 
and for sorcerers ; and the scribes of Egy^it, 
they also, with their ilashings, do so, ^-and 
tliey cast down each his rod, and they become 
monsters, and the rod of Aaron swalloweth 
their rods ; " and the heart of Piiaraoh is 
strong, and he hatli not hearkened unto them, 
as Jeliovali liatli spoken. 

i^Aud Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'The 
heart of Pliaraoh hath been liard, he hath re- 
fused to send the people away; ^_^go unto 
Pharaoh in the morning, lo, he is going out to 
the water, and thou hast stood to meet him 
by the edge of the River, aud tlie rod which 
was turned to a serpent thou dost take in tliy 
hand, '"and thou liast said unto him: Je- 
liovali, God of the Hebrews, hath sent me un- 
to thee, saying. Send My people away, and 
they sers'e Me in the wilderness ; and lo, thou 
liast not hearkened hitherto. 

'^ ' Thus said Jehovah : By this thou know- 
est that I am Jehovah ; lo, I am smiting with 
the rod which is in my hand, on the waters 
which are in the River, and they have been 
turned to blood, '^ and the fish that are in the 
River die, and the River hath stank, and the 
Egyiitians liave been wearied of drinking 
water from the R iver. ' 

^^ And Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' Say 
unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and stretch out 
thy hand against the waters of Egypt, against 
their streams, against their rivers, and against 
their ponds, and against all their collections 
of waters ; and they are blood — and there hath 
been blood in all the laud of Egjqit, both in 
vessels of wood, aud in those of stone.' 

^^ And Moses and Aaron do so, as .Jehovah 
hath commanded, and he lifteth up his hand 
with the rod, and smitetli the waters which 
are in the River, before the eyes of Pharaoh, 
and before the eyes of his servants, aud all 
the waters which are in the River are turned 
to blood, ^'^ and the fish which is in the River 
hath died, and the River stinketh, and the 
Egyptians have not been able to drink water 
from the River ; aud the blood is in all the 
land of Egypt. 

-- And the scribes of Egypt do so with their 
flashings, and the heart of Pharaoh is strong, 
and lie hath not hearkened unto thcni, as Je- 
hovah hath spoken, -^ and Pharaoh turneth 
and goetli in unto his house, and hath not set 
his lieart even to this • ^ aud all tlie E.^j ptians 



seek water round .about the River to drink, 
for they have not been able to drink of the 
waters of the River. 

-^ And seven days are completed after Je- 
hovah's smiting the River, 

VIII. 1 AND Jehovah saith unto Moses, 
'Go in unto Pharaoh: and thou liast said 
unto him. Thus said Jehovah, Send My 
I)eople away, and they serve Me ; - and if thou 
art refusing to send away, lo, I am smiting 
all thy border with frogs ; ^ and the River 
liath teemed untlb frogs, aud tliey have gone 
up and gone into thy house, and into the inner- 
chamber of thy bed, and on thy couch, and in- 
to the house of thy servants, and among thy 
people, and into thine ovens, and into thy 
kneading-troughs ; * yea, on thee, and on thy 
people, and on all thy servants do the frogs go 
up.' 

■'' And Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' Say unto 
Aaron, Stretch out thy hand, with thy rod, 
against the streams, against the rivers, and 
against the ponds, and cause the frogs to come 
up against tlie laud of Egypt.' 

^ And Aaron stretcheth out his hand against 
the waters of Egyjit, and tlie frog cometh up, 
and covereth the land of Egypt ; '^ and the 
scribes do so with their flashings, and cause 
the frogs to come up against the land of 
Egyiit. 

** And Pharaoh calleth for Moses and for 
Aaron, and saith, ' Make supplication unto 
.Jehovah, that he turn aside the frogs from me, 
and from my people, and I send the i:)eople 
away, and tJiey sacrifice to Jehovah.' 

■' And Moses saith to Pharaoli, ' Beautify 
thyself over me ; when do I make supplication 
for thee, and for thy servants, and for thy 
people, to cut off the frogs from thee and from 
thy houses — only in the River they do re- 
main?' 1" and he saith, 'To-morrow.' 

And he saith, ' According to thy word it is, 
so that thou kuowest that there is none like 
Jehovah our God, '' and tlie frogs have turned 
aside from thee, and from thy houses, and. 
from thy servants, and from thy people ; only 
in the River they do remain.' 

1- And Moses — Aaron also — goeth out from 
Pharaoh, and Moses crietli unto Jehovah, 
concerning the matter of the frogs which He 
hath set on Pharaoh; '^and Jehovah doth 
according to the word of Moses, and the frogs 
die out of the houses, out of the courts, and 
out of the fields, '^^ aud they heap them up to- 
gether, aud the land stinketh. 

15 And Pliaraoh seetli that there hath been a 
respite, and he hath hardened his heart, and 
hatli not hearkened unto them, as Jehovah 
hath spoken. 

I*' And Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' Say un- 
to Aaron, Stretch out thy rod, and smite the 
dust of the laud, and it hath become gnats in 
all the land of Egypt.' 

I'' And tliey do so, aud Aaron stretcheth out 
his hand with his rod, and smitetli the dust 
of the laud, aud the gnats arc on man and on 
beast; all the dust of the land hath been gnats 
in all the laud of Egyjit. 

18 And the scril)es do so with their flash- 
ings, to bring out the gnats, and they have not 
been able, and the gnats are on man and on 
41 



TJie swamn of beetles. 



vTii. 19.— EXODUS.— IX. 24. 



The pla/jue of It nil and fire. 



he.ast ; "and the scribes say unto Pliaraoh, 
'It i,s the finsjer of God;' and the lieart of 
Pharaoh is stronir, and he hath not hearkened 
vnto them, as Jehovali hath spoken. 

^"And Jehovah saith Tinto Moses, 'Hise 
early in the niornins;, and station thyself be- 
fore Pharaoh, lo, he is poinc; out to the 
waters, and thou hast said unto him, Thus 
said Jehovah, Send My people away, and 
they serve Me ; -^ for, if thou art. not sending 
My people away, lo, I am scndius against 
thee, and against thy servants, and against 
thy peojilc, and against tliy honses, the 
beetle, and the houses of the Egyjitians have 
been full of the beetle, and also the gi-ound 
on wliicli tliey are. 

-^ ' And I have separated in that day the 
land of Goshen, in whicli My people are stay- 
ing, that the beetle is not there, so that thou 
knowest that I am Jehovah in the midst of 
the land, -^ and I have put a division between 
My people and thy people : to-morrow is this 
sign.' 

■•^And .Tehovah doth so, and the grievous 
beetle entcreth the house of Pharaoh, and 
the house of his servants, and in all the 
land of Egypt the land is corrupted from 
the presence of the beetle. 

-'And Pharaoh calleth unto Moses and to 
Aaron, and saith, ' Go, sacrifice to your God 
in the land;' -"and Moses saith. 'Not right 
to do so, for the abomination of the Egyii- 
tians we do sacrifice to .Jehovali our God ; lo, 
we sacrifice the abomination of the Egy|i- 
tians before their eyes — and they do not 
stone us ! -'' A journey of tliree days we go 
into the Avilderness, and liave sacrificed to 
Jehovah our God, as He saitli unto tis.' 

-8 And Pliaraoh saith, ' I send you away. 
and ye liave sacrificed to Jehovah your God 
in the wilderness, only go not very far off; 
make ye su]iplication for me;' -"and Moses 
saitli, ' Lo, I am going out from thee, and 
have made supplication unto Jeliovah, and 
the beetle liath turned aside from Pharaoh, 
from liis servants, and from liis people — to- 
morrow, only let not Pharaoli add to deceive 
—in not sending the people away to sacrifice 
to Jehovah.' 

3" And Moses goeth out from Pharaoh, and 
maketli supplication unto Jeliovah, ^^ and 
Jehovah doth according to the word of !Mo- 
ses, and turncth aside the beetle from Pha- 
raoh, from his servants, and from liis people 
-—there hath not been left one; ^-and Pha- 
raoh hardeneth his heart also at this time, 
and hath not sent the people away. 

IX. 1 AND Jehovah saith unto'^Moses, ' Go 
in unto Pharaoh, and thou hast spoken unto 
him. Thus said Jehovah, God of the He- 
brews, Send My people away, and they sen'e 
me, - for, if thou art refusing to send 
away, and art still keeping hold uiion them, 
'lo, the hand of .Jehovah is on thy cattle 
which are in the field, on horses, on asses, 
on camels, on herd, and on Hock— a pesti- 
lence very grievous. 

■* 'And Jehovah hath separated between the 

cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egy]>t, and 

ihere doth not die a thing of all the sons of 

Iflrael's ; "and Jehovah sctteth an appoint- 

42 



ed time, saying. To-morrow doth Jehovah 
do this thing in the land.' 

•' And Jehovah doth this thing on the mor- 
row, and all the cattle of Egy|it die, and of 
the cattle of the sons of Israel not one hath 
died ; ^ and Pharaoh sendeth, and lo, not 
even one of the cattle of Israel hath died, 
and the heart of Pharaoh is hard, and he 
hath not sent the people away. 

" And Jehovah saitli unto Moses and imto 
Aaron, 'Take to you the fulness of your 
hands of soot of a furnace, and ISToses hath 
sprinkled it towards the heavens, before the 
eyes of Pharaoh, -'and it hath become small 
dust over all the land of Egypt, and it hatli 
become on man and on cattle a boil breaking 
forth rm.th blains, in all the land of Egypt.' 

'° And they take the soot of the furnace, 
and stand before Pharaoh, and Moses sprin- 
kletli it towards the heavens, and it is a boil 
with blains, breakinjj forth, on man and on 
beast ; " and the scribes have not been able 
to stand before Moses, because of the boil, 
for the boil hath been on the scribes, and on 
all the Egyptians. 

^- And Jehovah strengtheneth the heart 
of Pharaoh, and he hath not hearkened unto 
them, as Jehovah hath spoken unto Closes. 

" And .Jehovah saith unto INIoses, ' Rise 
early in the morning, and station thyself 
before Pharaoh, and thou hast said unto 
him, Thus said Jeliovah, God of the ite- 
brews. Send My people .away, and they serve 
Me, '■^ for, at this time I am sending all My 
pl.agues unto thy heart, and on thy servants, 
and on thy people, so that thou knowest 
that there is none like ISIe in all tln' earth, 
15 for now I have put forth My hand, and 1 
smite thee, and thy peojile, with pestilence, 
and thou art hidden from the earth. 

1" ' And yet for this I have caused thee to 
stand, so as to show thee My power, and for 
the sake of declaring My Name in all the 
earth ; ^^ still thou art exalting thyself 
against My people— so as not to send them 
away; ^^lo, I am raining about this time to- 
morrow hail very gi'icvous, such as hath 
not been in Egyi>t, even from the day of its 
being founded, even until now. 

i'''And, now, send, strengthen thy cattle 
and all that thou hast in the field ; every 
man and beast which is found in the field, 
and is not gathered into the house — come 
down on them hath the hail, and they have 
died.' 

'^0 He who is fearing the word of Jehov.ah 
among the servants of Pharaoh hath causo<l 
his servants and his cattle to fiee unto the 
houses ; -^ and he who hath not set hi9_ heart 
unto the word of Jehovah leavcth his ser- 
vants and his cattle in the field. 

■-'-And .Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Stretch 
forth thy hand towards the heavens, and 
there is hail in all the land of Egyjit, on nian. 
and on beast, and on every herb of the field 
in the land of Egj'pt.' 

'-■' And Moses "strctcheth out his rod to- 
w.ards the heavens, and .Jehovah hath given 
voices and hail, and fire gocth towards the 
earth, anil .JehoA'ah raineth hail on the land 
of Egj-pt, -' and there is hail, and fire 



The mfenvgs nf EgVl't. 



IX. 2.').-EX0DUS.-x. 24. 



The. Incvxtx and the (Inrl-ncx.i 



c.iteliiiicr itself in tlie mirlst of the hail, 
very firiev'oiis, such as hath not 1ioen in all 
the land of E.gypt since it hath become a 
nation. 

-^And the hail smiteth in all the land of 
Egyiit all that is in the field, from man even 
unto beast, and every herb of tlie field hath 
the liail smitten, and every tree of tlie field 
it hath broken; 2" only in the land of Go- 
shen, where the sons of Israel arc, there 
hath been no hail. 

-'' And Pharaoh sendeth, and callcth for 
Moses and for Aaron, and saith nnto them, 
' I have sinned this time, Jehovah w the 
Righteous, and I and rny people arc the 
Wicked, -^make ye supplication unto Jeho- 
\'ah, and plead that there bo no voices of 
God and hail, and T send you away, and ye 
add not to remain.' 

-■' Anil Moses saith unto him, 'At my going 
out of the city, T spread my palms unto Je- 
hovah — the voices cease, and the hail is not 
any more, so that thou knowest that the 
earth is Jehovah's ; ^'' but thou and thy ser- 
vants — I have known that ye are not yet 
afraid of the face of Jehovah God.' 

'^ And the flax and the barley have been 
smitten, for the barley is Imdding, and the 
flax foi'miug flowers, ^-and the wheat and 
the rye have not been smitten, for they are 
late. 

■*■' And Moses goeth rnit from Pharaoh, 
from the city, and spreadeth his hands un- 
to Jehovah, and the voices and the hail 
cease, and rain hath not been poured out to 
the eartli ; ^* and Pharaoh seeth that the 
rain hath ceased, and the hail and the 
voices, and he continueth to sin, and harden - 
eth his heart, he and his servants ; ^^ and the 
heart of Pharaoh is strong, and he hath not 
sent the sons of Israel away, as Jehovali 
hath spoken by the hand of Moses. 

X. 1 AND Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' Go 
in unto Pharaoh, for I have declared hard his 
heart, and the heart of his sen-ants, so that 
I set these My signs in their midst, "and so 
that thou recountest in the ears of thy son, 
and of thy son's son, that which I have done 
in Eiryjit, and My signs which I have set 
among them, and ye have known that T am 
Jehovah.' 

^ And jNIoses cometh in — Aaron also — unto 
Pharaoh, and they say unto him, ' Thus said 
Jehovah, God of the Hebrews, Until when 
hast thou refused to be humbled at My pres- 
ence ? send My people away, and they serve 
Me, ■'for if thou art refusing to send My 
people away, lo, I am bringing in to-morrow 
the locust into thv border, ^ and it hath 
covered the eye of the land, and none is 
able to see the land, and it hath eaten the 
remnant of that which is escaped, which is 
left to yoii from the hail, and it hath eaten 
every tree which is springing for you out of 
the ifield ; ^and tliey have filled thy houses, 
and the houses of all thy servants, and the 
liouses of all the Egjrptians, which neither 
thy fathers nor thy father's fathers have 
seen, since the d.ay of their being on the 
ground unto this day,'— and he turneth and 
Koeth out from Pharaoh 



/ And the servants of Pharaoli sav unto 
him, 'Until wlion doth this o«e become a 
snare to us? send the men away, and they 
servo Jehovah their God ; knowest thou not 
yet that Egy^it hath perished?' 

8 And Moses is brought back— Aaron also 
—unto Pharaoh, and he saith unto them, 
'Go, serve Jehovah your God; — who an(l 
who are those going?' !*And Moses saith, 
'With our young ones, and with oiir aged 
ones, we go,_ with our sons, and with our 
daughters, with our flock, and our herd, we 
go, for we have a festival to Jehovah 

1" And he saith unto them, ' Bo it so, Je- 
hovali he with you when I send you and 
your infants aAvay ; see — for evil is before 
your faces; ^^not so! so nov,% ye who are 
men, and serve Jehovah, for that ye are 
seeking;' and o;?e casteth them out from the 
presence of Pharaoh. 

^^ And Jehovah saith imto INIoses, ' Stretch 
out thy hand against the land of Egy])t for 
the locust, and it goeth up against the land 
of Egypt, and doth eat every herb of the 
land — all that the hail hath left.' 

''^ And Moses stretcheth out his rod against 
the land of Egypt, and Jehovah hath led 
an east wind over the laTid all that day, and 
all the ni^ht ; the mornhig hath been, and 
the east wind hath lifted up the locust. 

"And the locust goeth up against all the 
land of Egypt, and resteth in all the border 
of E.gypt — very grievous : before it there 
hath not been such a locust as it, and after 
it there is none such ; ^-^ and it covercth the 
eye of all the land, and the land is darkened: 
and it eateth every herb of the land, and all 
the fruit of the trees which the hail hath 
left, and there hath not been left any .creen 
thina; in the trees, or in the herb of the field, 
in all the land of Egy^it. ' 

i" And Pharaoh hasteth to call for Moses 
and for Aaron, and saith, 'I li.ave sinned 
against Jehovah your God, and accainst you, 
''"and now, bear with, I pray you, my sin, 
only this time, and make ye supplication to 
Jehovah your God, that He tui'n aside from 
off me only this death.' 

^^And lie goeth out from Pharaoh, and 
maketh supplication unto Jehovah, ^^ and 
Jehovah tumeth a very strong sea wind, 
and it lifteth up the locust, and bloweth it 
into the Red Sea —there hath not been left 
one locust in all the border of Egypit ; -'^ and 
Jehovah stren.gtheneth the heart of Pha- 
raoh, and he hath not sent the sons of Israel 
away. 

-1 And Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' Stretch 
out thy hand towards the heavens, and 
there is darkness over the land of Egypt, and 
the darkness is felt.' 

--And Tyloses stretcheth outhis hand to- 
wards the heavens, and tliero is darkness- 
thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three 
days ; -^ they have not seen one another, and 
none hath risen from his place three days ; 
and to all the sons of Israel there hath been 
light in their dwellings.' 

•'•*And Pharaoh callctli unto Moses and 
saith, ' Go ye, serve Jehovah, only your 
flock and your herd are stayed, your infants 
43 



The passoiter appointed. 



X. 2rj.— EXODUS.— XTT. 22. 



Feust of unleavened food. 



filao fjo with you ;' -■' anrl Moses saitli, 'Thou 
also (lost ffive in our hand sacrifices and 
burnt-olTcrinjia, and we have prepared for 
Jehovah our God ; ^^ and also our cattle doth 
Ko with us, there is not left a hoof, for from 
it we do take to serve Jehovah our God ; and 
we — we know not how we do serve Jehovah 
till our goint? thither.' 

-^And Jehovah strcntrthoneth the heart 
of Pharaoh, and ho hath not been willinj; 
to send them away; -^and Pharaoh saitli 
to him, ' Go from me, take heed to thyself, 
add not to see my face, for in the day thou 
seest my face thou diesu;' -"and Moses saith, 
' Rightly hast thou spoken, 1 add not any 
more to see thy face.' 

XT. ^ AND Jehovah saith unto Moses, 
'One plague more I do bring in on Pliaraoh, 
and on Egypt, afterwards ho doth send you 
away from this ; when he is sending you 
away, he surely casteth von o\it altogether 
from this place ; - speak, 1 pray thee, in the 
ears of the people, and they ask — each man 
from his neighbour, and each woman from 
her neighbour, vessels of silver, and vessels 
pi gold.' 

3 And Jehovah .giveth the grace of the 
fieople in the eyes of the Egyi">tians ; also 
t,he man Moses is very great in the land of 
Egypt, in the eyes of the servants of Pharaoh, 
ftnd in the eyes of the people. 

••And Moses saith, 'Thus said Jehovah, 
About midnight I am going out into the 
midst of Eiryiit, " and every first-born in the 
fand of E'gypt hath died, from the_ first-born 
f)f Pharaoh who is sitting on his throne, 
unto the first-born of the maid-servant who 
».f behind the mill -stones, and all the first- 
born of beasts ; " and there hath been a great 
cry in all the lanil of Egypit, such as there 
hath not been, and such as there is not again. 

" 'And againstall the sons of Israel a dog 
sharpeneth not its tongue, from man even 
unto beast, so that ye know that Jehovah 
doth make a se])aration between the Egjqit- 
ians and Israel ; ^ and all these thy servants 
have come down unto nic, and liowed them- 
selves to me, saying. Go out, thou and all 
the people who are at tliy foet; and after- 
wards I do go out;' — and he goeth out from 
Pharaoh in the heat of anger. 

"And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Pharaoh 
doth not hearken unto you, so as to multiply 
My wonders in the land of Ecypt;' ^^ and 
Moses and Aaron have done all these won- 
ders before Pharaoh, and Jehovah streng-th- 
cneth Pharaoh's heart, and he hath not sent 
the sons of Israel out of his land. 

XII. ' ANT) Jehovah speaketh unto Moses 
and unto Aaron, in the land of Egypt, say- 
ing, ^'Tliis month is to you the chief of 
months — it is the first to you of the months 
of the year ; "sjieak ye unto all the company 
of Israel, sayinir, Tn the tenth of tin's month 
— they take to them each man a lamb for tlio 
house of the fathers, a lamb for a house. 

^'(.^nd if the household be too few for a 
lamb, then hath he taken, he and his neigh- 
bour who is near unto his house, for tlie 
number of persons, each according to his 
eating ye do count for the lamb,) '''a lamb, a 
44 



perfect one, a male, a son of a year, let be to 
you ; from the sheep or from the goats ye do 
take it. 

" ' And it hath become a charge to you, 
until the fourteenth day of this month, and 
the whole assembly of the comp.any of Israel 
have slaughtered it between the" evenings; 
' and they have taken of the blood, and 
have put on the two side-posts, and on the 
lintel over the houses in which they eat it. 

_8 'And they have eaten the flesh in this 
night, roast with fire ; with unleavened things 
and bitters they do eat it ; "ye do not eat of 
it raw. or boiled .at all in water, but roast 
with fire, its head with its legs, and with 
its inwards ; '" and ye do not leave of it till 
rriorning,_ and that which is remaining of it 
till morning with fire yo do burn. 

'I'And thus ye do eat it: your loins girded, 
your sandals on your feet, and your staff in 
your hand, and ye have eaten it in haste : 
it is Jehovah's passover, '-and T have passed 
oyer through the land of Egypt during this 
night, and have smitten every first-born in 
the land of Egvpt, from man even unto 
l)east, and on all the gods of Egypt I do 
judgments ; I am .Tehovah. 

"'And tlie blood hath become a sign for 
you on the houses where ye are, and I have 
seen the blood, and have passed over you, 
and a plague is not on you for destruction in 
My smiting in the laud of E.gypt. 

" _' And tins day hath become to you a me- 
morial, and yc have kept it a feast to Jehovah 
to vour generations; — a statute age-during; 
ve keeji it a feast. '" Seven days ye eat un 
leavened things; only — in the first day ye 
cause leaven to cease out of your houses; for 
any one eating anything fermented from the 
first day till the seventh day, even that 
person hath been cut off from Israel. 
_ '" ' And in the first day is a holy convoca- 
tion, and in the seventh day ye have a holy 
convocation; any work is not done in them, 
only that which is eaten by any person — it 
alone is done bv you, ^^and ye have observed 
the unleavened things, for in this self-same 
day I have brought out your hosts from the 
land of Egy|it, and ye have observed this day 
to your generations — a statute age-during. 

'^ ' In the first month, in the fourteenth day 
of the month, in the evening, ye do eat un- 
leavened things until the one and twentieth 
d.ay of the month, at evening; '-'seven days 
leaven is not found in your houses, for any 
nnr eating anything fermented — that person 
hath been cut ofl' from the company of Israel, 
among the soiourners or among the natives of 
the land; ""an\'tliin'_,' fermented yc do not eat, 
in all your dwellings yc do eat unleavened 
things.*^ 

"'And Moses calleth for all the elders of 
fsracl, and saith unto them, ' Draw out and 
take for yourselves from tlie flock, for your 
families, and slaughter the passover-sacrifice; 
— and ve have taken a bunch of hyssop, and 
have dipped it in tlie blood which w in the 
l)asin, and have struck it on the lintelj and on 
the two side-posts, from the blood which is in 
the basin, and ye, ye go not out each from the 
opening of his liouse till morning. 



Departure of the Israelites. 



XII. 23.-EXODgS.— XIII. \3. 



"3 ' And Jeliovah hatli passed on to smite 
the Egyptians, and hath seen the blood on the 
lintel, and on the two side-posts, and Jehovah 
hath passed over the opening, and doth not 

Eermit the destruction to come into your 
onses to smite. 

^ ' And ye have observed this thing, for a 
statute to thee, and to tliy sons — unto the 
age ; -^ and it hath been, when ye come in un- 
to the land which Jeliovah giveth to you, as 
He hath spoken, that ye have kept this ser- 
vice ; -^ and it hath come to pass when your 
sons say unto you, Wliat is this service ye 
have? -^ that ye have said, A sacrifice of pass- 
over it is to Jehovah, who ^lassed over the 
houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt, in His 
smiting the Egyptians, and our houses He de- 
livered.' 

"8 And the people bow and do obeisance, 
and the sons of Israel go and do as Jehovah 
commanded Moses and Aaron ; so have they 
done. 

-'* And it Cometh to pass, at midnight, that 
Jehovah hath smitten every first-born in the 
land of Egypt, from the first-born of Pharaoh 
who is sitting on his tlirone, unto the first- 
born of the captive who is in the prison-house, 
and every first-born of beasts. 

_^'' And Pharaoli riseth by night, he and all 
nis servants, and all the Egyiitiaus, and there 
is a great cry in Egypt, for tnere is not a house 
where there is not 07ie dead, ^^ and he calleth 
for Moses and for Aaron by night, and saith, 
' Rise, go out from the midst of my people, 
lioth ye and the sons of Israel, and go, serve 
Jehovah according to your word ; ^^ both your 
flock and your herd take ye, as ye have spoken, 
and go; then ye have blessed also me.' 

33 And the Egyptians are urgent on the 
people, hasting to send them away out of the 
land, for they said, ' We are all dead ; ' ^ and 
the people taketh up its dough before it is 
fermented, their kneading-troughs are boxmd 
up in their garments on their shoulder. 

35 And the sons of Israel have done accord- 
ing to the word of Moses, and they ask from 
the Egyi)tians vessels of silver and vessels of 
gold, and garments ; ^c and Jehovah hath 
given the grace of the jieople in the eyes of 
the Egyptians, and they cause them to ask, 
and thev spoil the E^iyptiaus. 

3'' And the sons of Israel journey from Ra- 
meses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand 
men on foot, apart from infants ; 38 and a gi-eat 
rabble also liatn gone up with them, and flock 
and herd— very much cattle. 

39 And they bake with tlie dough which 
they have brought out from Egypt unleavened 
cakes, for it hatli not fermented; for they 
have been cast out of Egypt, and have not 
been able to delay, and also provision they 
have not made for themselves. 

■'"And the dwelling of the sons of Israel 
which they have dwelt in Egypt is four hun- 
dred and thirty years ; ^^ and it cometh to 
pass, at the end of four hundred and tliirty 
years — vea, it cometh to pass in this self-same 
day — all the hosts of Jehovah have gone out 
from the laud of Egypt. ^- A night of watch- 
ings it is to Jehovah, to bring them out from 
the land of Egypt ; it is this night to Jehovah 



The first-born sanctified 

of watchings to all the sons of Israel to their 
generations. 

^3 And Jehovah saith unto Moses an d A aron , 
' This is a statute of the passover ; Any son 
of a stranger doth not eat of it ; •" and any 
man's servant, the purchase of money, when 
thou hast circumcised him— then he dotli eat 
of it ; ^ a settler or hired servant doth not eat 
of it ; ■"' in one house it is eaten, thou dost not 
carry out of the house any of the flesh with- 
out, and a bone ye do not break of it ; '"' all 
the company of Israel do keep it. 

^ ' And when a sojourner sojourneth witli 
thee, and hath made a passover to Jehovah, 
every male of his is to be circumcised, and 
then he doth come near to keep it. and he 
hath been_ as a native of the land, but any 
uncircumcised_ one doth not eat of it; '•"one 
law is to a native, and to a sojourner who is 
sojourning in your midst.' 

'" And all the sons of Israel do as Jeliovah 
commanded Moses and Aaron ; so have they 
done. 51 And it cometh to pass in this self- 
same day, Jehovah hath brought out the sons 
of Israel from the land of Egypt, by their 
hosts. 

XIII. ^AND Jehovah speaketh unto Mo- 
ses, saying, - 'Sanctify to Me every first- 
born, opening any womb among the sons of 
Israel, among man and among beast; it is 
Mine.' 

3 And Moses saith unto the people, 'Re 
member this day in wliich ye have gone out 
from Egypt, from the house of servants, for 
by strength of hand hath Jeliovah brought 
you out from this, and any thing fermented 
13 not eaten ; ^ To-day yc are going out, in 
the month of Abib. 

5 'And it hath been, when Jehovah bring- 
cth thee in unto the land of tlie Canaanite, 
and of the Hittite, and of the Amorite. ana 
of the Hivite, and of the Jebusite, which He 
hath sworn to thy fathers to give to thee, a 
laud flowing with nailk and honey, that thon 
hast done this service in this month. 

^ * Seven days thou dost cat unleavened 
things, and in the seventh day is a feast to 
Jehovah ; ^ imleavened things ai'c eaten the 
seven days, and any thing fennented is not 
seen with thee ; yea, leaven is not seen with 
thee in all thy border. 

8 'And thou hast declared to thy son in 
that day, saying, '/< is because of what 
Jehovah did to me, in my going out fi'om 
Egypt, ^and it hath been to thee for a 
sign on thy hand, and for a memorial be- 
tween thine eyes, so that the law of Jeliovah 
is in thy mouth, for by a strong hand hath 
Jehovah brought thee out from Egy^it; ^^and 
thou hast kept this statute at its appointed 
season from days to days. 

" 'And it hath been, when Jehovah bring- 
eth thee in unto the laud of the Canaanite, 
as He hath sworn to thee and to thy fathers, 
.and hath given it to thee, ^-that thou hast 
caused every one opening a womb to pass 
over to .Jehovah, and every firstling — the in- 
crease of beasts which thou hast : the males 
are Jehovah's. 

13 'And every firstling of an ass thou dost 
ransom with a lamb, and if thou dost not 
45 



The Egyptians pursue Israel, xiii. 14.— EXODUS.— xiv. 26. God fightclh against them. 

men, and liis force, overtake them, en- 
canniius by the sea, by Pi-HahuH)th, before 
Baat-Zeplion. 

'" Aud Pharaoh hath d^a^\^l near, and the 
ROUS of Israel lift np their eyes, aud lo, the 
Egyptians are jouruejang after them, and 
they fear exceedingly, and the sons of Israel 
cry nnto Jehovah. 

^1 And they say imto Moses, 'Because there 
are no gi'avcs in Egypt, hast then taken \is 
away to die in a wildei-ness? what is this 
tliou liast done to us — to bring iis out from 
Egyi)t ? ^" Is not this the word which we 
spake imto thee in Egypt, saying. Cease from 
us, and we serve the Egy|itiaus ; for better 
for lis to serve the Egyptians than to die in a 
wilderness?' 

13 And Moses saith \into the people, ' Fear 
not, station yourselves, and see the salvation 
of Jehovah, which He doth for you to-day, 
for, as ye have seen the Egyptians to-day, 
ve add no more to see them — to the age; 
^^ Jehovah doth ^ght for yon, and ye keep 
silent.' 

15 And Jehovah saith imto Moses, ''Wliat? 
thou criest unto _me — speak unto the sons of 
Israel, andthey jouruey; ^^ aud thou, lift up 
thy rod, aud stretch out thy hand towards 
the sea, aud cleave it, aud the sous of Israel 
go into the midst of the sea on dry laud. 

1' 'And I — lo, I am strengthening the heart 
of the Egyiitiaus, aud they go in after them, 
and I am honoured on Pharaoh, aud on all 
his force, on his chariots, aud on his horse- 
men ; 18 and the Egyjitians have known that 
I am Jehovah, in Aly being honoured on Pha- 
raoh, on his chariots, and on lus horsemen.' 

i** And the messenger of God, who is going 
before the cam]) of Israel, journeyeth and 
goeth at their rear ; and the pillar of the 
cloud journeyeth from their front, aud stand- 
eth at their rear, -"and cometh in between 
the camp of the Egyi)tians and the camp of 
Israel, and the cloud and the darkucss are, 
aud he enligliteneth the night, and the one 
hath not drawn near unto the other all the 
night. 

"lAud Moses strctcheth out his hand to- 
wards the sea, and Jehovah causeth the sea 
to go on by a strong east wind all the night, 
and makcth the sea become dry ground, and 
the waters are cleaved, --and the sous of 
Israel go into the midst of the sea, on dry 
laud, and tlie waters arc to them a wall, on 
their right and on their left. 

-^ And the Egyi^tlans pursue, and go in after 
them (all the horses of Pharaoh, his chariots, 
and his horsemen) unto the midst of the sea, 
-••aud it cometli to pass, in the morning 
watch, that Jehovah looketh unto the camp 
of the Egyiitians through the ]iillar of firo 
and of the cloud, and troubleth tlio camp of 
tlio Egvptians, -■' aud turueth aside the wlieels 
of their chariots, and they lead them with 
diflicidty, and the E.gJ^)tiaus say, ' Let us 
flee from the face of Israel, for Jehov.ah is 
figliting for them against the Eg^^^tians.' 

'-" And Jehovah saith unto Moses. ' Stretch 
<int thy hand toward the sea, and the watoi-s 
turn back on the Egyptians, on theii- chariots, 
and on their horsemen.' 



ransom it, then thou hast beheaded it: and 
every first-born of mau among thy sons thou 
dost ransom. 

1* 'And it hath been, when thy son ask- 
eth thee hereafter, saving, \Vliat is this? that 
thou hast said unto liim. By strength of 
hand hath Jehovah brought ns out from 
Egyjit, from a house of servants: ^''yea, it 
cometli to pass, when Pharaoh hath been 
]>ained to send us away, that Jehovah doth 
slay every first-born in the land of EgjTit, 
from the first-born of man even unto tlie 
first-born of beast ; therefore I am sacrificing 
to Jehovali all opening a womb who are 
males, and every first-born of my sons I 
ransom ; i** and it hath been for a token on 
thy hand, and for froutlets between thine 
eyes, for by strength of hand hath Jehovah 
brought us out of Egypt.' 

1'' And it cometh to pass in Pharaoh's send- 
ing the people away, that God hath not led 
them the way of the land of the Philistines, 
for it is near ; for God said, ' Lest the people 
repent in their seeing war, and have turned 
back towards Eg;^'pt;' i"* and God turnetli 
roimd the peo])le the way of the ^\•ilderness 
of the Eed Sea, and by fifties have the sous 
of Israel gone iip from the laud of Egypt. 

" And Moses taketh the bones of Joseph 
\vith him, for he certainly caused the sons 
of Israel to swear, saying, 'God doth cer- 
tainly inspect you, and ye have brought \V{^ 
my bones from this with you,' 

^*And they jouruey from Succoth, aud en- 
camp in Etham at the extremity of the wil- 
derness, -1 and Jehovah is going before them 
by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them in 
the way, and by night iu a pillar of fire, to 
give light to them, to go by day and by 
night; -'-He removeth not the pillar of the 
cloud by day, and the pillar of the fire by 
night, from before the i)cople. 

XIV. lAND Jehovah speaketh uuto Mo- 
ses, sajaug, -'Speak uuto the sous of Israel, 
and thev turn back and encamit before Pi- 
Hahirotn, between I^Iigdol and the sea, before 
Baal-Zephon; over-against it ye do eucam]i 
by the sea, ^ aud Pliaraoli hath said of the 
sons of Israel, Tliey are entangled in the 
land, the wilderness hatli slnit uiion them; 
* and I have strengthened the heart of Pha- 
raoh, aud he hath pursued after them, aud \ 
am honoured on Pharaoh, and on all his 
force, and the Egyptians have known that I 
avfi Jehovah ; ' and they do so. 

2 And it is declared to the king of Egyijt 
that the people hath iled, aud the heart of 
Pharaoh and of his servants is tm-ned against 
the people, aud they say, 'What if this we 
nave done? that we have sent Israel away 
from our sci'vice.' 

"Aud he harucsseth his chariot, and his 
people lie hath taken with him, "and ho tak- 
eth six hundred chosen chariots, even all the 
chariots of Egypt, and captains over them 
all; 8 and Jeliovah strcngthcneth the heart 
of Pharaoh kiug of Egypt, and he pursucth 
after the sons of Israel, and the sons of Is 
racl are going out with a liigli hand, "and 
the Egyptians pursue after tiieni. and all 
the chariot horses of Pliaraoh ;ind his horse- 
4fi 



The Erjyptiaii overthrow, and xiv. 27 — EXODUS. — xvi. 3. 



Moses' song of triumph. 



''^Ancl Moses stretclicth out his liand to- 
wards the sea, aud the sea turnetli hack, at 
the tiiruiufi of the morning, to its ]>crennial 
flow, and the Egyptians are fleeing at its com- 
ing, and Jehovah shaketh off the Egyptians in 
the midst of the sea, -^ and the waters turn 
back, and cover the chariots and the horse- 
men, even all the force of Pharaoh, who are 
coming in after them into the sea — there hath 
not been left of them even one. 

^^ And the sons of Israel have gone on dry 
land in the midst of the sea, and the waters 
are to them a wall, on their right and on tlieir 
left ; ^*' and Jehovah saveth Israel in that day 
ont of the hand of the Eg>qitians, and Israel 
seeth the Egy]^itians dead on the sea-shore, 
^^ and Israel seeth the great hand with wliich 
Jehovah hath wrought against the Egyptians, 
and the people fear Jehovah, and remain sted- 
fast in Jehovah, and in Moses His servant. 

XV. iTHEN singeth Moses and the sons 
of Israel this song to Jehovah, and they speak, 
6a^'^ng : — 
' t sing to Jehovah, 

For triumphing He hath triumphed ; 

The horse and its rider 

He hath thrown into the sea. 
" My strength aud song is Jah, 

And He is become my salvation : 

This is my God, and I glorify Him ; 

God of my father, aud I exalt Him. 
' Jehovah is a man of battle ; 

Jehovah is His name. 

* Chariots of Pharaoh and his force 
He hath cast into the sea ; 

Aud tlic choice of his ca])tains 

Have sunk in the Red Sea! 
' The depths do cover them ; 

They went down into the de])ths as a stouc. 
« Thy right liand, Jehovah, 

Is become honourable iu power • 

Thy right hand, Jehovah, 

Doth crush an enemy. 
^ Aud iu the abundance of Thine excellency 

Thou tlirowest down Tby withstaudci-.s 

Thou sendest forth Thy wrath — 

It consumeth them as stubble. 

* Aud by the spirit of Thine anger 
Have waters been lieaped together ; 
Stood as a heap liave uowiugs ; 
Ccingealed have been depths 

In the heart of a sea. 
^ The enemy said, I purstic, T overtake ; 

T apportion spoil ; 

Filled is my soul with them ; 

I draw out my sword; 

My hand destroyctJi them: — 
'" Tliou hast blown witli Thy wqnd 

The sea hath covered tliem ; 

'lliey sanli as lead in mighty waters. 
'' Wlio(',slikeTheeamongthegods, Jeliovnli? 

Who is like Tlioe — honourable in holiness — 

Fearful iu praises — doing wonders? 
" Thou hast stretclied out Thy right hand- 
Earth swalloweth them ! 
'^ Thou hast led forth in Thy Idnduess 

The people whom Thou hast redeemed. 

Thou hast led on in Thy strength 

Unto thy holy liabitation. 

* Peoples have heard, they arc troubled ; 
Pain hath seized iuliabitauts of Philistia 



'^ Then have chiefs of Edom been troubled : 

Miglity ones of Moab — 

Trembling doth seize them! 

Melted have all inhabitants of Canaan! 
1'' Fall on them doth terror and dread; 

By the gi-eatness of Thine arm 

They are still as a stone. 

Till Thy peojile pass over, Jehovah; 

Till the people pass over 

Whom Thou hast purchased. 
^^ Thou dost bring them iu. 

And dost plant them 

In a mountain of Thine inheritance 

A fixed place for Thy dwelliug 

Thou hast made, Jel>ovah; 

A sanctuary, Lord, 

Thy hands have established; 
^* Jeliovah reigueth— to the age, and for ever !' 

" For the horse of Piiaraoh hath gone in 
with his chariots aud with his horsemen into 
tlie sea, and Jehovah tm-neth back ou them 
the waters of the sea, aud the sons of Israel 
have gone on dry land iu the midst of the 
sea. 

^" Aud Miriam the inspired one, sister of 
Aaron, taketh the timbrel iu her haiul, and 
all the women go out after her, with timbrels 
and -with choruses; "^ aud Miriam answeretli 
to them : — 

' Sing ye to Jehovah, 
For triumphing He liath triumphed; 
The horse aud its rider 
He hath thrown into the sea ! ' 

" Aud Moses causetli Israel to joiu-noy 
from the Pcd Sea, aud they go out imto the 
wilderness of Shur, aud they go three day& 
in the wilderness, and have not found water, 
-^and they come in to Marah, aud have not 
been able to drink the watei'S of Marah, for 
they are bitter ; therefore hath one called its 
name Marah. 

-^ Aud the ])eople murmxir against Moses, 
sayiug, ' What do m'c di-ink?' -^ and he crietli 
unto Jehovah, and Jehovah sheweth him a 
ti:ee, and he casteth luito the waters, aud the 
waters become sweet. 

There He hath made for them a statute, 
aud an ordinance, aud there He liath tried 
them, -•' and He saith, ' If thou dost really 
hearkeu to the voice of Jehovah thy God, and 
dost that which is right iu His eyes, and hast 
liearkened to His commands, and kept all His 
statutes: none of the sickness which I laid 
on the Egyvitians do I lay on thee, for I, Je- 
hovah, am healing thee. 

-'' And they come to Elim, aud there are 
twelve fountains of water, aud seventy jialm 
trees ; aud they encamp there by the waters. 

XVI. lAND they journey from Elim, and 
all the com]iany of the sons of Israel come iu 
unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between 
Elim and Sinai, ou the fifteenth day of the 
second month of their going out from the land 
of E.gypt. 

- And all the company of the sons of Israel 
murmur against Moses and against Aaron iu 
the wilderness ; ^ and the sons of Israel say 
unto them, 'Oh that we had died by the hand 
of Jehovah iu the land_ of Eg-jqit^ in our sit- 
tiuj; by the flesh-pot, iu om- eatuig bread to 
satiety —for ye have brought us out imto this 
47 



Manna rained frcrni heaven. xvr. 4. — EXODUS. — xvii. 5. The ijeople munnur for ttxitcT. 

morning, each according to hia eating ; when 
the sun hath been warm, then it hath melted. 

" And it Cometh to pass on the sixth day, 
they have gathered a second bread, two oniers 
I for one, and all the princes of the company 
come in, and declare to Moses. 

-3 And he saith unto them, 'It is tliat 
which Jehovah hath spoken of; a rest— a 
lioly sabbath to Jehovah — is to-morrow; that 
which ye bake, bake ; and that whicli ye 
boil, boil; and all that is over, let rest for 
yourselves in charge till the morning.' '^ And 
they let it rest until the morning, as Moses 
hath commanded, and it hath not stank, and 
a worm hath not been in it. 

"'And Moses saith, 'Eat it to-day, for to- 
day is n sabbath to Jehovah; to-day ye find 
it not in the field : "" six days ye do gather it, 
and in the seventh day — the sabbath — in it 
there is noue.' 

^^ And it Cometh to pass on the seventh day, 
some of the people have gone out to gather, 
and have not found. 

^ And Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' How 
long have ye refused to keep My commands, 
and my laws? -^see. because Jehovah_ liath 
given to you the sabliath, therefore He is giv- 
ing to you on the sixth day bread of two days ; 
abide yo each in his place, no one doth go out 
from his place on the seventh day.' 

•''o And the people rest on the seventh day, 
^1 and the house of Israel call its name Mannn, 
and it is as coriander seed, white; and its 
taste is as a cake with honey. 

•■'■-' And Moses saith, ' Tliis is tlie thing whicli 
Jehovah hath commanded: Fill the omcr 
witli it, for a charge for yoiir generations, so 
that they see the bread which I have caused 
you to eat in the wilderness, in My bringing 
you out from the land of Egypt.' 

•*•' And Moses saith imto Aaron, 'Take one 
]iot, and put there the fulness of the omcr of 
manna, and let it I'est before Jehovali, for a 
charge for your generations;' ^^as Jehovah 
hath given commandment unto Moses, so 
doth A aron let it rest before the Testimony, 
for a charge. 

•""And the sons of Israel have _ eaten the 
manna forty years, until their coming in unto 
tlic land to bo inhabited; the manna they 
Iiavc eaten till tlioir coming in unto the ex- 
tremity of the land of Canaan. 3" And the 
omcr is a tenth of the ei)hah. 

XVir. 1 AND all the company of the sons 
of Israel journey from tlio wilderness of Sin, 
on their journeyings, by tlu' command of Je- 
liovali, andeucami)in Rejihidim, and there is 
no water for the ]ieoplc todriidv; ^ and the 
people strive with Moses, and say, ' Give us 
water, and we drink.' 

And Moses saith to thciri, ' What ? -ye strive 
with me, what? — ye try Jehovah?' ^andtlio 
lieojile tliirst there for water, and tlie people 
murmur against Moses, and say, ' Wliy is 
this?— thou hast bronglit us up out of Egypt, 
to put us to death, also our sons and our 
cattle, with thirst.' ■'And Moses crieth to Jc- 
Iiovah, saying, '^V^latdo I to this iicople? 
yet a little, and they liavo stoned me.' 

•''And Jehovah .saith unto Moses, ' Pass ovei* 
before the people, and take with theo of the 



wilderness to piit all this assembly to death 
with hunger.' 

* And Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' Lo, I 
am raining to you bread from tlic heavens — 
and the peojile have gone out and gathered 
the matter of a day in its day — so that I try 
them whether they walk in My law, or not ; 
^ and it hath been on the sixth day, that they 
have ]irepared that which they brm^ in, and 
it hath 1)een double above that which they 
gather day hi/ day.'_ 

'And Moses saith — Aaron also— imto all 
the sons of Israel, 'Evening — and yc have 
known tliat Jehovah hath brought you out 
from the land of Egypt ; '' and moruin<j — and 
ve have seen the honour of Jehovali m His 
hearing your murmtirings against Jehovali, 
and what ai-e we, that yc murmur against 
us?' 

8 And Moses saith, ' In Jehovah's giving to 
you in the evening fiesli to eat, and bread 
in the morning to_ satiety — in Jehovah's hear- 
ing your murmurings, whicli ye are murmur- 
ing against Him, and what ((rr. we? your 
murmurings are not against us, but against 
Jehovah.' 

"And Moses saith unto Aaron, 'Say unto 
all the com]iany of the sous of Israel, Come 
ye near before Jehovah, for He hath heard 
your murmurings;' ^'and it cometh to pass, 
when Aaron is speaking unto all the com- 
pany of the sons of Israel, that they turn 
towards the wilderness, and lo, the honour 
of Jehovah is seen in the cloud. 

1^ And Jehovah spcaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, 1- ' I have lieard the murmurings of the 
sons of Israel ; speak unto them, saying, 
BetAveen the evenings ye eat ilcsh, and in 
the morning ye are satisfied with bread, 
and ye have known that I am Jehovah your 
God.'' 

'* And it cometh to pass in the evening, 
that the quail cometh uj), and covcreth the 
camj), and in the morning there hath been 
the lying of dew round about the camp, 
'■* and the lying of the dew goeth u]), and lo, 
on the face of the wilderness a thin, bare 
thing, thin as lioar-frost on tlie earth. 

^^' And the sons of Israel sec, and say one 
unto another, ' \Vliat is it?' for they have 
not known what it is ,• and IMoses saitli unto 
them, ' It is tlie bread which Jehovah hath 
given to you for food. 

'"'This ;.■! the thing which Jehovah hath 
commanded : Gather of it each according to 
his eating, an omer for a iioU; the number 
of your persons, take ye each for those in his 
tent.' 

^^And the sons of Israel do so, and they 
gather, he who is <ialhering much, and he 
who is (jatheriiKj little; ''^and they measure 
with an omer, and he who is f/af/ierin(f inucli 
liath nothing over, and he who is f/alhrrinrr 
little hath no lack, each according to his 
eating they have gathered. 

!■' And Moses saith unto them, 'Let no man 
leave of it till morning ; ' -" and they have not 
hearkened unto Moses, and some of them 
do leave of it till morning, and it bringetli 
up worms and stinketh ; and Moses is wroth 
tvith them. '•' And they gather it moiiiingbv 
4S 



The defeat of Amaiek. 



XVII. G.-EXODUS.— xviii. 27. 



Jethro'a visit to Mot\it. 



eldcra of Taraol, and thy rod witli which thou 
h.ast smitten the River take in thy hcand, and 
tliou hast gone: "Lo, I am standiii'jc before 
thee there on the rock iu Horeb, and thon hast 
smitten on the rock, and waters have come 
out from it, and the people have drunk.' 

And Moses doth so before the eyes of the 
elders of Israel, '' and he calleth the name of 
tlie place Massah, and Meribah, because of 
tlie strife' of the sons of Israel, and because 
of their 'trj^ing' Jehovah, saying, 'Is Jehovah 
in our midst or not?' 

8 And Amaiek cometh, and fightcth with 
Israel in Rephidim, "and Moses saitli unto 
Joshua, ' Choose for us men, and go out, fight 
witli Amaiek : to-morrow I am standing on 
the top of the hill, and the rod of God in my 
hand.' 

_'* And Joshua doth as Moses hath said to 
him, to fi^lit with Amaiek, and Moses, 
Aaron, and Hur, have gone up to the top of 
the height ; ^^ and it hath come to ]3ass, when 
Moses liftetli up his hand, that Israel hath 
been mighty, and when he letteth his hands 
rest, that Amaiek hath been mighty. 

^- And the hands of Moses are heavy, and 
theytake a stone, and set it under him, and 
lie sitteth on it : and Aaron and Hur have 
taken hold on his hands, on this side one, 
and on that one, and his hands are stedfast 
till the going in of the sun ; ^^ and Joshua 
weakeneth Amaiek and his people by the 
mouth of tlie sword. 

i-*And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Write 
this, a memorial in a Book, and set it in the 
ears of Joshua, that I do utterly wipe away 
the remembrance of Amaiek from iinder the 
heavens ; ' ^^ and Moses buildeth an altar, and 
calleth its name Jehovah-Nissi, ^^ and saith, 
'Because a hand is on the throne of Jali, war 
is to Jehovah with Amaiek from generation 
— generation.' 

XVin. lAKD Jethro priest of Midian 
father-in-law of Moses, lieareth all that God 
liath done for Moses, and for Israel his 
people, that Jehovah hath brought out Israel 
from Egypt, ^ and Jethro, father-in-law of 
Moses, taketh Zipporah, wife of Moses, 
besides her presents, ^and her two sous, of 
whom the name of the one is Gershom, for 
lie said, ' a sojourner I have been in a strange 
land : ' ■• and the name of the other is Eliezer, 
for, 'tlie God of my father is for my help, 
and doth deliver me from the sword of Pha- 
raoh.' 

' And Jethro, father-in-law of Moses, 
cometh, and his sons, and his ^vife, unto 
Moses, unto the wilderness where he is en- 
camping — the mount of God; "^and he saith 
unto Moses, ' I, thy father-in-law, Jethro, 
am coming unto thee, and thy wife, and her 
two sons with her.' 

'And Moses goeth out to meet his father- 
in-law, and bowetli himself, and kisseth him, 
and they ask one at another of welfare, 
and come into the tent ; ^ and Moses re- 
counteth to his father-in-law all that Jehovah 
hath done to Pharaoh, and to the Egyptians, 
ou accoimt of Israel, all the travail which 
hath found them in the way, and Jehovah 
doth deliver them. 



'■'And Jethro rejoiceth for all the good 
which Jehovah hath done to Israel, whom 
He hath delivered from tlie hand of the 
Egyptians ; i" and Jethro saith, ' Blessed is 
Jehovah, who hath delivered you from the 
hand of the Egyiitians, and from the hand of 
Pharaoli — who hath delivered this i)eople 
from under the hand of tli'e Egyptians ; 
^1 now I have known that Jehovah is greater 
than all the gods, for iu the thing they have 
acted i^roudly — He is above them ! ' 

12 And Jethro, father-in-law of Moses, tak- 
eth a bm-ut-offering and sacrifices for God ; 
and Aaron cometh in, and all the elders of 
Israel, to eat bread with the father-in-law of 
Moses, before God. 

i^And it cometh to pass on the morrow, 
that Moses sitteth to judge the people, and 
the people stand before Moses, from the 
morning unto the evening ; ^^ and the father- 
in-law of Moses seeth all that he is doing to 
the people, and saith, 'What is this thing 
wliicTi tlioii art doing to the people? where- 
fore art thou sitting by thyself, and all the 
people standing by thee from morning till 
evening ? ' 

I'Aud Moses saith to his fathcr-iu-law, 
' Because the people come unto me to seek 
God ; 1" when they have a matter, it hath 
come unto me, and I have judged between a 
man and his neighbour, and made known 
the statutes of God, and His laws.' 

^''And the father-in-law of Moses saith 
unto him, 'The thing which thou art doing is 
not good ; ^^ thou dost surely wear away, both 
thou, and_ this people whicli is with thee, for 
the thing is too heavy for thee, thou art not 
able to do it by thyself. 

^'■^ ' NoWj hearken to my voice, I counsel thee, 
and God is with thee : be thou for the people 
over-against God, and thou hast brought in 
the things imto God; ""and thou hast warned 
them concerning the statutes and the laws, 
and hast made known to them the way in 
which they go, and the work which they do. 

^1 ' And thou — thou dost provide out of all 
the people men of ability, fearing God, men 
of truth, hating dishonest gain, and hast 
placed these over them, heads of thousands, 
heads of hundreds, heads of fifties, and 
heads of tens, 2- and they have judged the 
people at all times ; and it hath come to pass, 
every great matter they bring in unto thee, 
and every small matter they judge them- 
selves ; and lighten it from oif thyself, and 
they have borne with thee. "^ If thou dost 
this thin^, and God hath commanded thee, 
then thou liast been able to stand, and all this 
people also goeth in unto its place iu peace.' 

-^ Ajid Moses hearkeneth to the voice of 
his father-in-law, and doth all that he said, 
25 and Moses chooseth men of ability out of 
all Israel, and maketh them chiefs over the 
people, heads of thousands, heads of hun- 
dreds, heads of fifties, and heads of tens, 
-8 and they have judged the people at all 
times; the hard matter they bring in unto 
Moses, and every small matter they judge 
themselves. 

-7 And Moses sendeth his father-in-law 
away, and he goeth away unto his own land. 
49 



The covenant of Sinai. 



XTX. 1.— EXODUS.— XX. 18. 



The ten nuiitera. 



XIX. 1 TN the third mouth of the goiuR 
out of the sous of Israel from the Land of 
Rgypt, in this (hay tliey li.ave come into the 
wilderness of Sinai, - and they journey from 
Rephidim, and enter the wilderness of Sinai, 
and encamp in the wilderness ; and Israel 
encampeth there before the mount. 

3 And Moses hath gone up unto God, and 
Jehovah calleth iinto him out of the mount, 
saying, ' Thus dost thou say to the house of 
Jacob, and declare to the sons of Israel, * Ye 
— ye have seen that which I have done to the 
Egyptians, and I bear yon on eagles' wings, 
and bring you in unto Myself. 

^ ' And now, if ye really hearken to My 
voice, then ye have kept My covenant, and 
been to Me a peculiar treasure more than all 
the peoples, for all the earth is Mine ; "^ and 
ye — ye are to Me a kingdom of priests and a 
lioly nation : these are the words which thou 
dost speak imto the sons of Israel.' 

^And Moses cometh, and calleth for the 
ciders of the people, and setteth before them 
all these words which Jehovah hath com- 
manded him ; ^ and all the people answer to- 
gether and say, ' All that Jehovah hath 
spoken wo do;' and Moses returneth the 
words of the people unto Jehovah. 

^And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Lo, 1 
am coming unto thee in the thickness of the 
cloud, so that the peo]ile hear in My speaking 
with thee, and also believe in thee to the age ;' 
and Moses declareth the words of the people 
unto Jehovah. 

" And Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' Go unto 
the people; and thou hast sanctified them 
to-day and to-morrow, and they have washed 
their garments, '' and have been prepared for 
the third day; for on the third day doth Jc- 
novah come down before the eyes of all the 
people, on mount Sinai. 

^- * And thou hast made a border for the 
people round about, saying. Take heed to 
yourselves, going up into the mount,_ or com- 
ing against its extremity ; whoever is coming 
against the mount is certainly put to deatli ; 
'* a hand cometh not against him, for he is 
certainly stoned or shot throu~-h, whether 
beast or man it liveth not ; in the drawing 
out of the jubilee cornet they go up into the 
mount.' 

^•*And Moses cometh down from the mount 
unto the people, and sauctifieth the people, 
and they wash their garments; '-^and lie 
saith unto the ])eople, 'Be ye prepared for 
the third day, come not nigh unto a woman.' 

^^ And it cometh to jiass, on the third day, 
while it is morning, that there are voices, and 
lightnings, and a heavy cloud, on the mount, 
and the sound of a trumpet very strong ; 
and all the people who are in the camp do 
tremble. 

i^And Moses bringeth out the peojile to 
meet God from the camp, and they station 
themselves at the lower i>art of the mount, 
'8 and mount Sinai is wholly a smoke from 
the presence of Jehovah, who hath come 
down on it in fire, and its smoke goeth uj) as 
smoke of the furnace, and the whole mount 
trembleth exceedingly; ^''and the sound of 
the trumpet is going on, and very strong ; 
50 



Moses speaketh, and God doth answer him 
with a voice. 

-"And Jehovah cometh down on mount 
Sinai, unto the top of the mount, and Jeho- 
vah calleth for Moses unto the top of the 
mount, and Moses goeth up. 

-^ And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Go down. 
protest to the people, lest they break through 
tinto Jehovah to see, and many of them have 
fallen ; -- and also the jji-iests who are coming 
nigh unto Jehovah do sanctify themselves, lest 
Jehovah break forth on them.' 

^ And Moses saith luito Jehovah, ' The 
people is ixnable to come up unto mount 
Sinai, for Thou— Thou hast iTotcsted to us, 
saying. Make a border for the mount, then 
thou hast sanctified it.' 

-■*And Jehovah saith unto him, 'Go, des- 
cend, then thou hast come uji, thou, and 
Aaron Avith thee; and the priests and the 
](eople do not break through, to come up 
unto Jehovah, lest He break forth u]ion 
them.' -^And Moses goeth down imto the 
people, and saith unto them : — 

XX. 1 'AND God speaketh all these words, 
saying, "I am Jehovah thy God, who hath 
brought thee out of the land of Egyjit, out 
of a house of servants. 

^ ' Thou hast no other Gods before Me. 

^ ' Thou dost not make to thyself a graven 
image, or any likeness which is in the hea- 
vens above, or which is in the earth lieneath, 
or which is in the waters under the earth. 
^Thou dost not bow thyself to them, nor 
serve them: for I, Jehovah thy God, am a 
zealous God, charging iniqiiity of fathers 
on sons, on the third generation, and on 
the fourth, of those hating Me, "and doing 
kindness to thousands, of those loving Me 
and keeping My commands. 

^ ' Thou dost not take up the name of Jehovah 
thy God for a vain thin^j, for Jehovah acquit- 
teth not him who taketh up His name for a 
vain thing. 

8 ' Remember the Sabbath-day to sanctify 
it; "six days thou dost labour, and hast done 
all thy work, ^^ and the seventh day is a Sab- 
bath to Jehovah thy God; thou dost not do 
any work, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, 
thy man-servant, and thy handmaid, and thy 
cattle, and thy sojourner who is within thy 
gates, — 1' for six days hath Jehovah made 
the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all 
tliat is in them, and resteth in the seventh 
day; therefore hath Jehovah blessed the Sab- 
bath-day, and doth sanctify it. 

12 ' Hcinour thy father and thy mother, so 
that thy days are ]irolonged on the ground 
which Jehovah thy God is giving to tliee, 

'■' 'Thou dost not murder. 

'^ 'Thou dost not commit adulteiy. 

'■'' ' Thou dost not steal. 

"' 'Thou dost not answer against thy neigh- 
bour a false testimony. 

1'' ' Thou dost not desire the house of thy 
neighbour, thou dost not desire the wife of 
thy neighbour, or his man-servant, or his 
liandmaid, or liis ox, or his ass, or anything 
wliich is thy ncighlionr s.' 

18 And all the poojile are seeing the voices, 
and the flames, and the sound of the trum- 



The law concerning altars. 



XX. 19.— EXODUS.— XXII, 1 



Various judicial laws. 



pet, and the mount smoking ; and the people 
see, and move, and stand afar oft', ^•' and say 
unto Moses, 'Speak thou with us, and we 
hear, and let not God speak with us, lest we 
die.' 

"" And Moses saith unto the people, ' Fear 
not, for to try you hath God come, and in 
order that His fear may be before your faces 
^that ye sin not.' -^And the people stand 
afar oft', and Moses hath drawn nigh unto 
the thick darkness where God is. 

22 And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Thus 
dost thou say imto the sons of Israel : Ye — 
ye have seen that from the heavens I have 
spoken with you ; -^ yo do not make with Me 
gods of silver, even gods of gold ye do not 
make to yourselves. 

^ ' Aji altar of earth thou dost make for 
Me, and thou hast sacrificed on it thy burnt- 
offerings and thy peace-off'erings, thy flock 
and thy herd ; in every place where I cause 
My name to be remembered I come in unto 
thee, and have blessed thee. 

^ ' And if an altar of stones thou dost 
make to Me, thou dost not build them 
of hewn work ; when thy tool thou hast 
waved over it, then thou dost pollute it ; 
"^ neither dost thou go up by steps on Mine 
altar, that thy nakedness be not revealed 
upon it. 

XXL 1 'AJND these are the jixdgments 
which thou dost set before them : 

- ' When thou buyest a Hebrew servani? — 
six years he doth serve, and in the seventh he 
goeth out as a freeman for nought ; ^ if by 
himself he cometh in, by himself he goeth 
out ; if he is owner of a wife, then his vnie 
hath gone oiit with him ; ^ if his lord give to 
him a wife, and she hath borne to him sons 
or daughters — the wife and her children are 
her lord's, and he goeth out by himself. 

^ ' And if the servant really say : I have 
loved my lord, my wife, and my sons — I do 
not go out free ; ^ then hath his lord brought 
him nigh unto God, and hath brought him 
nigh xinto the door, or unto the side-post, and 
his lord hath bored his ear with an awl, 
and he hath served him — to the age. 

^ 'And when a man selleth his daughter 
for a handmaid, she doth not go out accord- 
ing to the going out of the men-servants ; 
8 if evil in the eyes of her lord, so that 
he hath not betrothed her, then he hath 
let her be ransomed ; to a strange people he 
hath not power to sell her, in his dealing 
treacherously ^vith her. 

3 ' And if to his son he betroth her, accord- 
ing to the right of daughters he doth to her. 

i" ' If another woman he take for him, her 
food, her covering, and her habitation, he 
doth not withdraw ; ^^ and if these three he 
do not to her, then she hath gone out for 
nought, without money. 

^2 ' He who smiteth a man so that he hath 
died, is certainly put to death ; ^^ as to him 
who hath not laid wait, and God hath brought 
to his hand, I have even set for thee a place 
whither he doth flee. 

J'^ 'And when a man doth j^resume against 
his neighbour to slay him with subtilty, from 
Mine altar thou dost take him to die. 



^5 ' And he who smiteth his father or hia 
mother is certainly put to death. 

^^ ' And he who stealeth a man, and hath 
sold him, and he hath been found in his hand, 
is certainly put to death. 

1'' 'And he who is reviling his father or his 
mother is certainly put to death. 

^8 'And when men contend, and a man 
hath smitten his neighbour with a stone, or 
with the tist, and he die not, but hath fcallen 
on the bed; ^''if he rise, and hath gone up 
and down without on his staff, then bath 
the smiter been accjuitted ; only his cessation 
he giveth, and he is thoroughly healed. 

"" ' And when a man smiteth his man-ser- 
vant or his handmaid, with a rod, and he 
hath died under his hand — he is certainly 
avenged ; "^ only if he remain a day, or two 
days, he is not avenged, for he is his money. 

22 'And when men strive, and have smitten 
a pregnant woman, and her childi-en have 
come ovit, and there is no mischief, he is 
certainly fined, as the husband of the wo- 
man doth lay upon him, and he hath given 
through the judges; ^Sand if there is mis- 
chief, then thou hast given life for life, '^* eye 
for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot 
for foot, -^biu-ning for burning, wound for 
wound, stripe for stripe. 

25 ' And when a man smiteth the eye of his 
man-servant, or the eye of his handmaid, 
and hath destroyed it, as a freeman he doth 
send him away for his eye ; 27 and if a tooth 
of his man-servant or a tooth of his hand- 
maid he Icnock out, as a freeman he doth 
send him away for his tooth. 

28 ' And when an ox doth gore man or wo- 
man, and they have died, the ox is certainly 
stoned, and his flesh is not eaten, and the 
owner of the ox is acquitted ; 29 and if the 
ox is one accustomed to gore heretofore, and 
it hath been testified to its owner, and he 
doth not watch it, and it hath put to death 
a man or woman, the ox is stoned, and its 
owner also is put to death. 

^^ 'If atonement is laid upon him, then 
he hath given the ransom of his life, accord- 
ing to all that is laid upon him ; ^i whether it 
gore a. son or gore a daughter, according to 
this judgment it is done to him. 

3- If the ox gore a man-servant or a hand- 
maid, thirty silver shekels he doth give to 
their lord, and the ox is stoned. 

^^ 'And when a man doth open a pit, or 
when a man doth dig a pit, and doth not 
cover it, and an ox or ass hath fallen thither, 
— ^■^ the owner of the pit doth repay, money 
he doth give back to its owner, and the dead 
is his. 

^^ 'And when a man's ox doth smite the 
ox of his neighbour, and it hath died, then 
they have sold the living ox, and halved its 
money, and also the dead one they do halve ; 
3" or, it hath been known that the ox is one 
accustomed to gore heretofore, and its owner 
doth not watch it, he certainly repay eth ox 
for ox, and the dead is his. 

XXIL 1 'WHEN a man doth steal an ox 
or sheep, and hath slaughtered it or sold it, 
five of the herd he doth repay for the ox, 
and four of the flock for the sheep. 
51 



Moral and ceremonial laws. 



XXII. 2.— EXODUS.— ixin. 16. 



The sabbatical year. 



' ' If in the brealdng through, the thief 
is found, and he hath been smitten, and 
hath died, there is no blood for him ; " if 
the Sim hath risen upon liim, blood is for 
him, _ he doth certainly repay ; if he have 
nothing, then he hath been sold for his 
theft; ^if the theft is certainly found in his 
hand alive, whether ox, or ass, or sheej) — 
double he repayeth. 

^ ' When a man depastureth a field or vine- 
yard, and hath sent out his beast, and it hath 
gastured in the field of another, of the best of 
is field, and the best of his vineyard, he doth 
repay. 

'' ' When fire goeth forth, and hath found 
thorns, and a stack, or the standing corn, or 
the field, hath been consiimed, he who causeth 
tlie burning doth certainly repay. 

' ' Wlien a man doth give unto his neigh- 
bour silver, or vessels to keep, and it hath 
been stolen out of the man's house ; if the 
thief is foiind^ he repayeth double. 

^ ' If the thief is not found, then the master 
of the house hath been brought near unto 
God, whether he hath not imt forth his hand 
against the work of his neighbour ; ^ for every 
matter of transgression, for ox, for ass, for 
sheep, for raiment, for any lost thing of which 
it is said that it is his ; unto God cometh the 
matter of them both; he whom God doth 
condemn, he repayeth double to his neigh- 
bour. 

^^ ' When a man doth give unto his neigh- 
bour an ass, or ox, or sheep, or any beast to 
keep, and it hath died, ov hath been hurt, or 
taken captive, none seeing — ^^ an oath of Je- 
hovah is Between them both, that he hath not 
put forth his hand against the work of his 
neighbour, and its owner hath accepted, and 
he doth not repay ; ^-but if it is certainly stolen 
from him, he doth repay to its owner; ^^ if it 
is certainly torn, he bringeth it in — a mtness ; 
the torn thing he doth not repay. 

^* ' And when a man doth ask anytldng ivova. 
his neighbour, and it hath been hurt or hath 
died— its owner not being with it— he doth 
certainly repay; ^^if its owner is with it, he 
doth not repay, — if it is a hired thing, it hath 
come for its hire. 

1" ' And when a man doth entice a virgin 
who is not betrothed, and hath lain with Jier, 
he doth certainly endow her to himself for a 
wife J ^' if her father utterly refuse to give her 
to him, money ho doth weigh out according 
to the dowry of virgins. 

^8 ' A .witch thou dost uot keep alive. 

19 « Whoever lieth with a beast is certainly 
put to death. 

-o ' He who is sacrificing to a god, save to 
Jehovah alone, is devoted. 

^1 'And a sojourner thou dost not oppress, 
nor crush him, for sojourners ye have been in 
the land of Egypt. 

^ ' Any widow or orphan ye do not afllict ; 
^ if thou dost really afflict him, surely if he 
at all cry unto Me, I certainly hear his cry ; 
"^ and Mine anger hath burned, and 1 have 
slain you by the sword, and your Avives have 
been widows, and your sons orphans. 

^ ' If thou dost lend My poor people with 
thee money, thou art not to iiim as a usurer; 
52 



thou dost not lay on him usury ; -" if thou dost 
at all take in pledge the garment of thy neigli- 
bour, during the going in of the sun thou dost 
return it to him: -''for it alone is his cover- 
ing, it i.s his garment for his skin; wherein 
doth he lie down? and it hath come to j^ass, 
when he doth cry unto Me, that I have heard, 
for I arn gracious. 

-8 ' God thou dost not revile, and a prince 
among thy people thou dost not curse. 

-3 ' Thy fiilness and thy liquids thou dost 
not delay ; the first-born of thy sons thou dost 
give to Me ; 3" so thou dost to thine ox, to thy 
sheep ; seven days it is ^\•ith its dam, on the 
eighth day thou dost give it to Me. 

^^ 'And ye are holy men to Me, and flesh 
torn in the field ye do not eat, to a dog ye do 

XXill. 1 'THOU dost not lift up a vain 
report ; thou dost not put thy hand with a 
wicked man to be a violent witness. 

- ' Thou art not after many to e\'il, nor 
dost thou testify concerning a strife, to turn 
aside after many to cause others to turn 
aside ; ^ and a poor man thou dost not honour 
in his strife. 

■* ' When thou meetest thine enemy's ox or 
his ass going astray, thou dost certainly turn 
it back to lum ; z* when thou seest the ass of 
him who is hating thee crouching under its 
burden, then thou hast ceased from leaving 
it to it — thou dost certainly leave it with him. 

^ ' Thou dost not turn aside the judgment of 
thy needy one in his strife ; " from a false mat- 
ter thou dost keep far off, and an innocent 
and righteous man thou dost not slay ; for I 
do not justify a ^vicked man. 

8 ' And a bribe thou dost not take ; for the 
bribe bindeth the open-eyer/, and perverteth 
the words of the righteous. 

" ' And a sojourner thou dost not oppress, and 
ye — ye have known the soul of the sojoui-ner, 
for sojourners ye have been in the land of 
Egyi)t. 

^" ' And six years thou dost sow thy land, 
and hast gathered its increase ; ^^ and the 
seventh thou dost release it, and hast left it, 
and the needy of thy people have eaten, and 
their leaving doth the beast of the field cat ; 
so dost thou to thy vineyard — to thine olive- 
yard. 

^- ' Six days thou dost do thy work, and on 
the seventh day thou dost rest, so that thine 
ox and thine ass doth rest, and the son of 
thine handmaid and the sojourner is refreshed ; 
^•^ and in all that which I have said imto you 
ye do take heed; and the name of other gods 
ye do not mention ; it is not heard on thy 
mouth. 

14 « Three times thou dost keep a feast to 
Me in a year; '^the Feast of Unleavened 
things thou dost keep; seven days thou dost 
eat unleavened things, as I have commanded 
tliee, at the time appointed in the moutli of 
Abib; for in it thou hast come forth out of 
Egypt, and ye do not appear in My presence 
empty; i" and the Feast of Harvest, the fii-st 
fruits of thy worli.s which thou sowest in the 
field; and the Feast of the In-Gathering, in 
the out-goin" of the year, in thy gathering thy 
works out 01 the field, 



Go<Vs covenant with Israel. xxiii. 17.— EXODUS.— xxv. 9. 



Moses on tlie mount. 



" ' Three times in a year do all thy males 
appear before the face of the Lord .Jehovah. 

1° ' Thou dost not sacrifice on a fermented 
thine; the blood of My sacrifice, and the fat 
of My festival doth not remain till morning ; 
!■' the bei^inning of the first-fruits of thy 
CTOund thou dost bring into the house of 
Jehovah thy God ; thou dost not boil a kid in 
its mother's milk. 

-" ' Lo, 1 am sending a messenger before 
thee to keep thee in the way, and to bring 
thee in imto the place which T have prepared ; 
-^be watchful because of his presence, and 
hearken to his voice, rebel not against him, 
for he beareth not wth your transgression, 
for My name is in his heart ; -^for, if thou 
diligently hearken to his voice, and hast done 
all that which I speak, then I have been at 
enmity with thine enemies, and have dis- 
tressed those distressing thee. 

-^ ' For My messenger goeth before thee, 
and hath brought thee in imto the Amorite, 
and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the 
Canaanite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, and 
I liave cut them off. 

^ ' Thou dost not bow thyself to their god.s, 
nor serve them, nor do according to their 
doings, but dost utterly devote them, and 
thoroughly break their stauding pillars. 

^ ' And ye have served Jehovah your God, 
and He hath blessed thy bread and thy 
water, and I have turned aside sickness from 
thine heart ; -''there is not a miscarrying and 
barren one in thy land ; the number of thy 
Aays I fulfil : "'' My terror I send before thee, 
and T have put to death all the peoiile among 
whom thou comest, and I have given the 
neck of all thine enemies imto thee. 

-® ' And I have sent the hornet before thee, 
and it hath cast out the Hivite, the Canaan- 
ite, and the Hittite, from before thee ; -" I 
cast them not out from before thee in one 
year, lest the land be a desolation, and the 
beast of the field hath multiplied against 
thee ; ^^ little hp little I cast them out from 
before thee, till thou art fruitful, and hast 
inherited the land. 

31 ' And I have set thy border from the 
Red Sea, even unto the sea of the Philis- 
tines, and from the wilderness unto the 
River : for I give into your hand the inhabi- 
tants of the land, and thou hast cast them 
out from Ijefore thee ; ^'- thou dost not make 
a covenant with them, and with their gods ; 
33 they do not dwell in thy land, lest they 
cause thee to sin against Me when thou 
servest their gods, when it becometh a snare 
to thee.' 

XXrV.^i AND imto Moses He said, ' Come 
up imto Jehovah, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, 
and Abihii, and seventy of the elders of 
Israel, and ye have bowed yourselves afar 
off ; ' " and Moses hath drawn nigh by him- 
self unto Jehovah ; and they draw not nigh, 
and the people go not up with him. 

3 And Moses cometh in, and recounteth to 
the people all the words of Jehovah, and all 
the judgments, and all the people answer — 
one voice, and say, 'AH the words which 
Jeliovah hath spoken we do.' 

* And Moaes writeth aU the words of 



Jeliovah, and riseth early in tlie morning, 
and buildcth an altar under the hill, and 
twelve standing pillars for the twelve tribes 
of Israel ; ^ and he sendeth the youths of the 
sons of Israel, and they cause burnt-offerings 
to ascend, and sacrifice sacrifices of peace- 
offerings to Jehovah — calves. 

'^ And Moses taketh half of the blood, and 
putteth in basins, and half of the blood hath 
he sprinkled on the altar ; '' and he taketh 
the Book of the Covenant, and proclaimeth 
in the ears of the people, and they say, 'AJl 
that which Jehovah hath spoken we do, and 
obey.' 

8 And Moses taketh the blood, and sprink- 
leth on the people, and saith, ' Lo, the blood 
of the covenant which .Tehovah hath made 
with you, concerning aU these things.' 

•' And Moses goeth up, Aaron also, Nadab 
and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of 
Israel, ^° and they see the God of Israel, and 
under His feet is as the white work of the 
sapphire, aud as the substance of the heavens 
for purity ; ^^ and unto those of the sous of 
Israel who are near He hath not put forth 
His hand, and they see God, and eat and 
drink. 

1" And Jehovah saith imto Moses, ' Come 
up imto Me to the mount, and be there, and 
I give to thee the tables of stone, and the 
law, and the command, which I have written 
to direct them.' 

13 And Moses riseth— Joshua his minister 
also — and Moses goeth up unto the nioimt 
of God ; 1^ and imto the elders he hath said, 
' Abide ye for us in this place, imtil that wo 
turn back unto you, and lo, Aaron and Hur 
are vnth you — he who hath matters doth 
come nigh unto them.' 

i^And Moses goeth ui) imto the mount, 
and the cloud covereth the moimt ; i" and 
the honour of Jehovah doth tabernacle on 
mount Sinai, aud the cloud covereth it six 
days, and He calleth unto Moses on the 
seventh day from the midst of the cloud. 

1^ And the appearauce of the honour of 
Jehovah is as a consuming fire on the top of 
the moimt, before the eyes of the sons of 
Israel ; ^^ and Moses goeth into the midst of 
the cloud, and goeth up unto the mount, and 
Moses is on the mount forty days and forty 
nights. 

XXV. 1 AND Jehovah spcaketh unto Moses, 
saying, - ' Speak unto the sous of Israel, and 
they take for Me a heave-offering; from every 
man whose heart impelleth him ye do take 
My heave-offering. 

3 ' And this is the heave-offering which yo 
take from them ; gold, and silver, and brass, 
^and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and linen, 
and goats' lutir, ^ and rams' skins made red, 
and badgers' skins, and shittim wood, ^oil 
for the light, spices for the anointing oil, and 
for the perfimie of the spices, '^ shoham 
stones, and stones for setting for an ephod. 
and for a breastplate. 

8 ' And they have made for Me a sanctu- 
ary, and 1 have tabernacled in their midst ; 
"according to all that which I am shewing 
tliee, the pattern of the tabernacle, aud the 
uattern of aU its vessels, even so ye do make it. 
53 



Directions for making 



XXV. 10.— EXODUS.— XXVI. 15. 



tlic ark and tabernacle. 



lO'Aud tliey have maJe an ark of sliittiin 
wood ; two cubits and a half its length, and a 
cubit and a haK its breadth, and a cubit and 
a half its height ; ^^ and thou hast overlaid it 
ivitJi, pure gold, within and without tliou dost 
overlay it, and thou hast made on it a ring of 
gold round about. 

1" ' And thou hast cast for it four rings of 
gold, and hast put tlicm on its four feet, even 
two rings ou its one side, and two rings on its 
second side; "and thou hast made staves of 
shittim wood, and hast overlaid them idih 
gold, ^^ and hast brought the staves into the 
rings on the sides of the ark, to bear the ark 
by them, '^^{n the rings of the ark are the 
staves, they are not tiu-ncd aside from it; 
it^aud thou liast put imto the ark the testi- 
mony which I give unto thee. 

1^ And thou hast made a mercy-seat of pure 
gold, two cubits and a half its length, and a 
cubit and a half its breadtli ; ^^ and thou hast 
made two cherubs of gold, beaten work dost 
thou make them, at the two ends of the mercy- 
seat ; ^'-^ and make thou one cherub at the end 
on this side, and one cherub at the end 
on that; at the mercy-seat ye do make the 
cherubs on its two ends. 

-" ' And the cherubs have been spreading 
out \vings on high, covering the mercy-seat 
over with their wings, and their faces are 
one towards another — towards the mercy- 
scat are the faces of the cherubs. 

-^ 'And thou hast put the mercy-seat on the 
ark above, and imto the ark thou dost put the 
testimony which I give imto thee; ®and I 
have met \vith thee there, and have spoken 
with thee from off the mercy-seat (from be- 
tween the two cherubs, which are on the ark 
of the testimony) all that which I command 
thee concerning the sons of Israel. 

^ ' And thou hast made a table of shittim 
wood, two cubits its length, and a cubit its 
breadth, and a cubit and a half its height, 
-■•and hast overlaid it with pure gold, and 
hast made for it a crown of gold round about, 
-"and hast made for it a border of a liand- 
breadth round about, and hast made a crown 
of gold to its border roimd about. 

-'' 'And thou liast made to it four rings of 
gold, and hast put the rings on the four cor- 
ners, which are to its four feet; -''over- 
against the border are the rings for places for 
staves to bear the table; '^and thou hast 
made the staves of shittim wood, and hast 
overlaid them with gold^ and the table hath 
beenborne with them ; --^and thou hast made 
its dishes, and its bowls, and its covers, and 
its cups, wth which they jiour out ; of pure 
gold thou dost make them ; 3" and thou liast 
put on the table bread of the presence before 
Me continually. 

^^'And thou hast made a candlestick of 
pure gold, of beaten work is the candlestick 
made ; its base, and its branch, its caly.xcs, 
its knops, ajid its flowers are of the same; 
'^and six branches are coming out of its sides, 
three branches of the candlestick out of the 
one side, and three branches of the candle- 
stick out of the second side; ^^tliree calyxes 
made like almonds in the one branch, a 
knop and a flower, and three calyxes made 
54 



like almonds in one branch, a knop and a 
flower; so for the six branches which are 
coming out from the candlestick. 

^ 'And in the candlestick arc four calyxes 
made like almonds, its knops and its flowers ; 
3''' and a knop under two branches of the same, 
and a knop under two branches of the same, 
and a knop under two branches of the same, 
are to the six T)ranches which are coming out 
of the candlestick; •*•' their knoj^s and their 
branches are of tlie same, all of it one beaten 
work of pure gold ; ^' and thou hast made its 
seven lamps, and one hath caused its lights 
to go up, and it hath given light over-against 
its front. 

^8 ' And its snuffers and its snuff dishes are 
of pure gold; ''''of a talent of pure gold he 
dotn make it, with all tliese vessels. *'And 
see thou and do them, by their pattern which 
thou art shevTi in the moimt. 

XXVI. 1 'AND thou dost make the taber- 
nacle : ten curtains of twined linen, and blue, 
and purple, and scarlet; with cherubs, work 
of a designer, thou dost make them; -the 
length of the one curtain is eight and twenty 
by the cubit, and the breadth of the one cur- 
tain four by the cubit, one measure is to all 
the curtains ; ^ flve of the curtains are joining 
one imto another, and five curtains are join- 
ing one to another. 

* 'And thou hast made loops of blue upon 
the edge of the one curtain, at the end in the 
joining; and so thou makest in the edge of 
the outermost curtain, in the joining of the 
second. ^ Fifty loops thou dost make in the 
one curtain, and fifty loops thou dost make 
in the edge of the curtain which is in the join- 
ing of the second, causing the loops to take 
liold one imto another; "and thou hast made 
fifty hooks of gold, and hast joined the cur- 
tains one to another by the hooks, and the 
tabernacle hath been one. 

'■ ' And thou hast made curtains of goats' 
li.air, for a tent over the tabernacle ; thou dost 
make eleven curtains: *the length of the one 
curtain is thirty by the cubit, and the breadth 
of the one curtain four by the cubit ; one mea- 
sure is to the eleven curtains ; ^ and thou hast 
joined the five curtains a]iart.. and the six cur- 
tains apart, and hast doubled the six curtains 
over-against the front of the tent. 

^o'And thou hast made fifty loops on the 
edge of the one curtain, the outermost in the 
joining, and fifty loops on the edge of the cur- 
tain which is joining the second; ^^ and thou 
hast made fifty hooks of brass, and hast 
brought in the hooks into the loops, and hast 
joined the tent, and it hath been one. 

1- ' And the superfluity in the curtains of 
the tent— the half of the curtain which is 
superfluous — hath spread over the hinder jiart 
of the tabernacle ; ^^ and tlie culut on this side, 
and the cubit on that, in the superfluity 
in the length of the curtains of the tent, is 
spi-ead out over th(^ sides of the tabernacle, 
on this and on that, to cover it; '•'and 
thou hast made a covering for the tent, of 
rams' skins made red, and a covering of bad- 
gers' sldns above. 

If* ' And thou hast made the boards for the 
tabernacle, of shittim wood, standing up; 



The vail uf the lahernade. xxvi. 16 —EXODUS.— xxviii, 1. The altar of burnl-offering 



'^ ten cubits is tlie length of the board, and 
a ciibit and a half the breadth of the one 
hoard; ^''two handles are to the one board, 
joined one nnto another ; so thoii dost make 
for all the boards of the tabernacle; ^^and 
thou hast made the boards of the taber- 
nacle: twenty boards for the soiith side 
southward; ^''and forty sockets of silver 
thou dost make under the twenty boards, 
two sockets imder the one board for its two 
liandles, and two sockets under the other 
board for its two handles. 

-" ' And for the second side of the taber- 
nacle, for the north side, are twenty boards, 
"' and their forty sockets of silver, two sock- 
ets imder the one board, and two sockets 
under another board. -And for the sides 
of the tabernacle westward, thou dost make 
six boards. -^ And two boards thou dost 
make for the corners of the tabernacle in the 
two sides. -•'And they are pairs beneath, 
and together they are pairs above its head 
unto the one ring ; so is it for them both, they 
are for the two corners. -^And they have 
been eight boards, and their sockets of silver 
are sixteen sockets, two sockets imder the 
one board, and two sockets under another 
board. 

-^ ' And thou hast made bars of shittim 
wood : five for the boards of the one side of 
the tabernacle,'^'' and five bars for the boards 
of the second side of the tabernacle, and five 
bars for the boards of the side of the taber- 
nacle at the two sides, westward ; -^ and one 
hath caused the middle bar in the midst of 
the boards to reach from end unto end ; -" and 
the boards thou dost overlay with gold, and 
their rings thoii dost make of gold places for 
bars, and hast overlaid their bars with 
gold ; ^^ and thou hast raised up the taber- 
nacle according to its fashion which thou 
hast been shewn in the mount. 

31 ' And thou hast made a vail of blue, and 
purple, and scarlet, and twined linen, work 
of a designer ; he maketh it loitli, cherubs ; 
'2 and thou hast put it on foiu* pillars of 
shittim wood, overlaid loith gold, tlieir pegs 
are of gold, on ioxvc sockets of silver. 

33 ' And thou hast put the vail imder the 
hooks, and hast brought in thither witliiu 
the vail the ark of the testimony ; and the 
vail hath made a separation for you between 
the holy and the holy of holies. 

^ 'And thou hast put the mercy-seat on 
the_ ark of the testimony, in the holy of 
holies. 

35 ' And thou hast set the table at the out- 
side of the vail, and the candlestick over- 
against the table on the side of the taber- 
nacle southward, and the table thou dost put 
on the north side. 

35 ' And thou hast made a covering for the 
opening of the tent, blue, and purple, and 
scarlet, and twined linen, work of an em- 
broiderer ; 37 and thou hast made for the 
covering five pillars of shittim wood, and 
hast overlaid them loith gold, their pegs are 
of gold, and thou hast cast for them five 

SOClvt'ts or 01*1.88 

XXVII. 1 '' AJSTD thou hast made the altar 
of Bliittim wood, five cubits the length, and 



five cubits the breadth — the altar is square 
— and three cubits its height. "And thou 
hast made its horns on its four corners, ita 
horns are of the same, and thou hast over- 
laid it loith brass. 3A.n(^ thou hast made 
its pots to remove its ashes, and its shovels, 
and its bowls, and its forks, and its fire- 
pans, even all its vessels thou dost make of 
brass. 

* 'And thou hast made for it a grate of net- 
woi-k of brass, and hast made on the net 
four rings of brass on its four extremities, 
5 and hast put it imder the compass of the 
altar beneath, and the net hath been unto 
the middle of the altar. 

5 ' And thou hast made staves for the altar, 
staves of shittim wood, and hast overlaid 
them loith brass. ''And the staves have been 
brought into the rings, and the staves have 
been on the two sides of the altar in bear- 
ing it. 8 Hollow with boards thou dost make 
it, as it hath been shewed thee in the mount, 
so do they make it. 

^ 'And thou hast made the court of the 
tabernacle: for the south side southward, 
hangings for the court of twined linen, a 
hundred by the cubit is the length for the 
one side, ^^and its twenty pillars and their 
twenty sockets are of brass, the pegs of the 
pillars and their fillets are of silver; ^^ and 
so for the north side in length, hangings of a 
hundred cuhits in length, and its twenty 
pillars and their twenty sockets are of brass, 
the pegs of the pillars and their fillets are 
of silver. 

1- ' And for the breadth of the court at the 
west side are hangings of fifty cubits, their 
pillars ten, and their sockets ten. ^3^^^ 
for the breadth of the court at the east side, 
eastward, are fifty cubits. ^^ And the hang- 
ings at the side are^ fifteen cubits, their pil- 
lars three, and their sockets three. ^■''And 
at the second side are hangings fifteen 
cubits, their pillars three, and their sockets 
three. 

i" ' And for the gate of the court a covering 
of twenty cubits, blue, and purple, and scar- 
let, and twined linen, work of an embroid- 
erer ; their pillars four, their sockets four. 
^'^ AU the pillars of the coiu-t roimd about are 
filleted ivitk silver, their pegs are silver, and 
their sockets brass. 

18 'The length of the court is a himdred 
by the cubit, and the breadth fifty by fifty, 
and the height five cubits, of twined linen, 
and their sockets are brass, ^^even all the 
vessels of tlie tabernacle, in_ all its service, 
and all its pins, and all the pins of the court, 
are brass. 

"" ' And thou — thou dost command the sona 
of Israel, and they bring unto thee pure 
beaten olive oil for the hght,_ to cause the 
lamp to go up continually; -^in the tent of 
meeting, at the outside or the vail, which is 
over the testimony, doth Aaron — his sons also 
— arrange it from evening till morning before 
Jehovah— a statute age-during to their gen- 
erations, from the sons of Israel. 

XXVIII. 1 ' AND thou, bring thou near un- 
to thee Aaron thy brother, and his sous with 
him, from the midst of the sons of Israel, for 
65 



Aaro7i appointed priest. 



XXVIII. 2.— EXODUS.— XXVIII. 43. The Lights and Perfectloru. 



his being priest to Me, even Aaron, Nadab, 
and Abiliii, Eleaz.ir and Ithamar, sons of 
Aaron; ''and thou hast made holy garments 
for Aaron thy brother, for lionour and for 
l)eautv ; ^ and thou— thou dost speak unto all 
the wise of lieart, whom I have filled ivith a 
spirit of -vvisdom, and they have made the gar- 
ments of Aaron to sanctify him for his being 
priest to Me. 

* ' And these are the garments which they 
make: a breastplate, and an ephod, and an 
upper robe, and an embroidered coat, a mitre, 
and a girdle ; yea, they have made holy gar- 
ments for Aaron thy brother, and for his sons, 
for his being priest to Me. 

® ' And they take the gold, and the Ijlue, 
and the purple, and the scarlet, and the linen, 
^ and have made the ephod of gold, blue, and 
purple, and scarlet, and twined linen, work 
of a designer; ''it hath_t\yo_ shoulders joining 
at its two ends, and it is joined. 

8 ' And the girdle of his ephod which is on 
him, according to its work, is of the same, of 
gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined 
linen. 

9 'And thou hast taken the two slioham 
stones, and hast opened on them the names 
of the sons of Israel; "six of their nameson 
the one stoue, and the names of the remaining 
six on the second stone, according to their 
births; ^'the work of an engraver in stone, 
openings of a signet, thou dost open the two 
stones by the names of the sons of Israel ; 
turned round, embroidered with gold, thou 
dost make them. 

1- ' And thou hast set the two stones on the 
shoulders of the ephod— stones of memorial 
to the sons of Israel— and Aaron hath borne 
their names l)efore Jehovah, on his two shoul- 
ders, for a memorial. 

" ' And thou hast made embroidered things 
of gold, "and two chains of pure gold, 
wreathed work thou dost make them, work 
of thick bands, and thou hast put the thick 
chains on the embroidered things. 

^5 'And thou hast made a breastplate of judg- 
ment, work of a designer; according to the 
work of the ephod thou dost make it ; of gold, 
lilue. and purple, and scarlet, and twined 
linen thou dost make it; ^^^ it is square, 
doid)lcd, a span its length, and a span its 
breadth. 

I'' ' And thou hast set in it settings of stone, 
four rows of stone ; a row of sardius, topaz, 
and carbuncle is the first row; is p,^ the 
second row is emerald, sapiihirc, and diamond ; 
" and the third row is opal, agate, and ame- 
thyst; -"and the fourth roAV ?.9 beryl, and 
onyx, and ias)ier ; embroidered with gold are 
they in their settings, -^ and the stones arc 
according to the names of the sons of Israel, 
twelve, according to their names, openings of 
a signet, each by his name arc they for the 
twelve tribes. 

" ' And tliou hast made on the breastplate 
wreathed chains, work of tliick liands, of 
pure gold ; -3 and thou hast made on the 
1)reastplat(! two rings of gold, and hast put 
the two rinjjs on the two ends of tlie brcast- 
iilatc; "■'and thou hast put the two thick 
bands of gold ou the two rings at the ends 



of the breastplate ; "'' and the two ends ot the 
two thick bauiis thou dost put on the two em- 
In-oidered things, and thou hast put tlicmowiha 
shoulders of the ephod over-against its face. 

"•> ' And thou hast made two rings of gold, 
and hast set them on the two ends of the 
breastplate, on its border, which is over- 
against the ephod within; ^aud thou hast 
made two rings of gold, and hast put them on 
the two shoulders of the ephod, beneath, over- 
against its front, over-against its joining, above 
the girdle of the ephod, "^ and they bind the 
breastplate by its rings unto the rings of the 
ephod Avith a riblion of blue, to l>e above the 
.girdle of the ejihod, and the l)reastplate is not 
loosed from the ephod. 

-" ' And Aaron hath borne the names of the 
sons of Israel in the breastplate of judgment, 
on his heart, in his goinj; in unto the sanctuary, 
for a memorial before Jehovah continuallv. 

•"' ' And thou hast put unto the breastplate 
of judgment the Lights and the Perfections, 
and they have been on tlie heart of Aaron, in 
his going in before Jehovah, and Aaron hath 
borne the judgment of the sons of Israel on 
his heart before Jehovah continually. 

31 ' And thou hast made the uiiper robe of 
the ephod completely of blue, ^' and the open- 
ing for its head hath been in its midst, a Dor- 
der is to its ojiening round about, work of a 
weaver, as the opening of a habergeon there is 
to it ; it is not rent. 

33 ' And tliou liast made ou its hem pome- 
granates of blue, and piu'ple, and scarlet, on 
its hem round about, and bells of gold in 
their midst round about ; ^^ a bell of gold and 
a pomegranate, a bell of gold and a itomc- 
grauate are on the hems of the upper robe 
round about. 

35 'And it hath been on Aaron to minister 
in, and its sound hath been heard in his com- 
ing in unto the sanctuary before Jehovah, aud 
in his going out, aud he doth not die. 

3" ' And thou hast made a flower of jnire 
gold, and hast ojieued on it — openings of a 
signet — ' Holy to Jehovah ;' 37 and thou ha.st 
put it on a blue riljbon, and it hath been on 
the mitre — over-against the front of the mitre 
it is ; 38 and it hath been on the forehead of 
Aaron, and Aaron hath borne the iui<piity of 
tlie holy things which the sons of Israel do 
hallow, even all their holy gifts; audit hath 
been on his forehead continually for a pleas- 
ing tiling for them before Jehovah. 

3'' 'And thou hast embroidered the coat of 
linen, and iiast made a mitre of linen, and a 
girdle tliou dost make — work of an embroid- 
erer. 

•"' ' And for the sous of Aaron thou dost 
make coats, and thou hast made for them 
girdles, yea, bonnets tliou dost make for 
them, for honour and for beauty ; ■" and 
thou hast clotlied Aaron thy brother with 
them, and his sons with hini. and liast an- 
ointed them, and hast consecrated their liaiid, 
and hast sanctified them, and they have been 
jiriests to Me. 

••' 'And make thou for thcui linen trousers 
to cover the naked fiesli : tliey are from tlie 
loins even unto the tliighs; -"and they have 
bueu ou Aaron and ou his sous, in tlicu 



Consecration of the 2»'iests, xxix. 1. — EXODUb. — xxix. 37. and attendant ceremonies. 



going in unto tlie tent of nicetiug, or in tlieir 
drawing nigh nnto tlic altar to minister in 
the sanctuary, and they do not bear iniquity 
nor have they died ; a statute age-during to 
him^ and to liis seed after liim. 

XXIX. 1 ' AND this is the thing which 
thou dost to them, to liallow them, for being 
priests to Me: Take one bullock, a son of 
the herd, and two rams, perfect ones, -and 
bread unleavened, and cakes imleavened an- 
ointed with oil, of fine wheaten flour thou 
dost make them, •' and thou hast put them 
on one basket, and hast brought them near 
in the basket, also the bullock and the two 
rams. 

^ 'And Aaron and his sons thou dost bring 
near unto the opening of the tent of meet- 
ing, and hast bathed them with water ; ^ and 
thou hast taken the garments, and hast 
clothed Aaron with the coat, and the upper 
robe of the e]3hod, and the ephod, and the 
breastplate, and hast girded him with the 
girdle of the ephod, ^ and hast set the mitre 
on his head, and hast put the holy crown on 
the mitre, ^and hast tauen the anointing oil, 
and hast poured it on his head, and hast 
anointed him. 

8 'And his sous thou dost bring near, and 
hast clothed them with coats, ^ and hast 
girded them luitli a girdle (Aaron and his 
sons), and hast bound on them bonnets ; and 
the priesthood hath been theirs by a statute 
age-during, and thou hast consecrated the 
hand of Aaron, and the hand of his sons, 
^o and hast brought near the bullock before the 
tent of meeting, and Aaron hath laid — his sons 
also — their hands on the head of the bullock. 

^^ ' And thou hast slaughtered the bullock 
before Jehovah, at the opening of the tent of 
meeting, i- and hast taken of the blood of 
the bidlock, and hast put it on the horns of 
the altar with thy finger, and all the blood 
thou dost pour out at the foundation of the 
altar ; ^^ and thou hast taken all the fat 
which is covering the inwards, and the re- 
dimdauce on the liver, and the two kidneys, 
and tlie fat which is on them, and hast made 
perfume on the altar; i*aud the flesh of 
the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, tliou 
dost burn Avith Are at the outside of the 
camp; it is a sin-oft'cring. 

1^ 'And the one ram thou dost take, and 
Aaron and his sons have laid their hands on 
the head of the ram, ^^ and thou hast slaugh- 
tered the ram, and hast taken its blood, and 
hast s))rinkled it on the altar round about, 
^^ and the ram thou dost cut into its pieces, and 
hast washed its inwards, and its legs, and 
hast put them on its pieces, and on its head ; 
^® and thou hast made perfume with the 
whole ram on the altar. It is a burut-ofi'er- 
ing to Jehovah, a sweet fragrance; a fire- 
offering it is to Jehovah. 

^^ ' And thou hast taken the second ram, 
and Aaron hath laid — his sons also— their 
hands on the head of the ram, "" and thou 
hast slaughtered the ram, and hast taken 
of its blood, and hast put on the tip of the 
right ear of Aaron, and on the tip of the 
right ear of his sous, and on the thumb of 
their right hand, and on thj great toe of 



their right foot, and hast sprinkled the blood 
on the altar round about ; -^ and thou hast 
taken of the blood which is on the altar, 
and of the anointing oil, and liast spi-inkled 
on Aaron, and on liis garments, and on his 
sous, and on the garments of his sons \vith 
him, and he hath been hallowed, he, and his 
garments, and his sons, and the garments of 
his sons \vith him. 

22 ' And thou hast taken from the ram the 
fat, and the fat tail, and the fat which is 
covering the inwards, and the redundance 
on the liver, and the two kidneys, and the 
fat which is on them, and the right leg, for 
it is a ram of consecration, -^ and one round 
cake of bread, and one cake of oiled bread, 
and one thin cake out of the basket of the 
unleavened things which is before Jehovah. 

"■* ' And thou hast set the whole on the 
hands of Aaron, and on the hands of his 
sons, and hast waved them — a wave-ofl'ering 
before Jehovah ; "^ and thou hast taken them 
out of their hand, and hast made jierfmne 
on the altar beside the burnt-offering, for 
sweet fragi'ance before Jehovah ; a fire-offer- 
ing it is to Jehovah. 

"^ 'And thou hast taken the breast from 
the ram of the consecration which is for 
Aaron, and hast waved it — a wave-offering 
before Jehovah, and it hath become tliy por- 
tion ; 27 and thou hast sanctified the breast 
of the wave-offering, and the leg of the heave- 
offering, which hatli been waved, and which 
hath been lifted up from the ram of the 
consecration, of that which is for Aaron, and 
of that which is for his sons ; '-8 and it hath 
been for Aaron and for his sons, by a statute 
age-during from the sons of Israel, for it is a 
heave-offering ; and it is a heave-oflering 
from the sons of Israel, from the sacrifices of 
their peace-offerings — their heave-offering to 
Jehovah. 

-'^ ' And the holy garments which are 
Aaron's, are for his sons after himj to be 
anointed in them, and to consecrate in them 
their hand ; 3" seven days doth the priest 
in his stead (of his sons) put them on, when 
he goeth in unto the tent of meeting, to minis- 
ter in the sanctuary. 

^1 ' And the ram of the consecration thou 
dost take, and hast boiled its flesh in the 
holy ])lace ; ^" and Aaron hath eaten — his 
sons also — the flesh of the ram, and the 
bread which is in the basket, at the opening 
of the tent of meeting ; _ *' and they have 
eaten those things by which there is atone- 
ment to consecrate their hand, to sanctify 
them ; and a stranger doth not eat— for they 
are holy ; ^^ and if there be left of the flesh 
of the consecration or of the bread till the 
morning, then thou hast burned that wliich 
is left with fire ; it is not eaten, for it is 
holy. 

3" ' And thou hast done thus to Aaron and 
to his sons, according to all that I have com- 
manded thee; seven days thou dost conse- 
crate their hand; •*•' and a bullock, asin-oH'ering, 
thou dost in-epare daily for the atonements, 
and thou hast atoned for the altar, in thy 
malcing atonement on it, and hast anointed 
it to sanctify it ; ^'' seven days thou dost make 
57 



The altar of incense. 



XXIX. 38. -EXODUS.- XXX. 30. 



The ransom of souls. 



atonement for the .iltar, and hast sanctified it, 
and the altar hath been most holy ; all that 
is coming against the altar is holy. 

38 ' And tins is that which thou dost pre- 
pare on the altar ; two lambs, sous of a year, 
daily continually ; 3'' the one lamb thoii dost 
prepaie in the morning, and the second lamb 
thou dost prepare between the evenings; 
*" and a tenth deal of fine flour, mixed \vitli 
beaten oil, a fourth partof a hin, and a liba- 
tion, a fourth part of a hin, of wine, is for the 
one lamb. 

^ ' And the second lamb thou dost prepare 
between the evenings ; according to the pre- 
sent of the morning, and according to its liba- 
tion, thou dost prepare for it, for sweet 
fragi-ance, a fire-ofiering, to Jehovah : — ■*- a 
continual burnt-offering for your generations, 
at the opening of the tent of meeting, before 
Jehovah, whither I am met with you, to 
speak imto thee there, ■'^ and I have met there 
with the sous of Israel, and it hath been 
sanctified by My honom*. 

■" ' And I have sanctified the tent of meet- 
ing, and the altar, and Aaron and liis sons I 
sanctify for being jmests to Me, '*'' and I have 
tabernacled in the midst of the sons of Israel, 
and have become tlieir God, '"' and they have 
known that I am Jehovah their God, who 
hath brought them out of the land of Egy];)t, 
that I may tabernacle in their midst ; 1 am 
Jehovah their God. 

XXX. 1 'AND thou hast made an altar /o?' 
making i^ei-fume ; o/ shittini wood thou dost 
make it; "a cubit its lengtii, and a cubit its 
]>readth, (it is square), and two cubits its 
height; its horns are of the same. 

^ ' And thou hast overlaid it mth pure gold, 
its top, and its sides round about, and its 
horns ; and thou hast made to it a crown of 
gold round about ; ■* and two rings of gold 
thou dost make to it imder its crown; on its 
two ribs thou dost make tliem, on its two 
sides, and they have become places for staves, 
to bear it with them. 

^ ' And thou hast made the staves of shittim 
wood, and hast overlaid them with ^old; 
" and thou hast put it before the vail, which is 
1)y the ark of the testimony, before the inercy- 
seat wliich is over the testimony, whither I 
am met with thee. 

'' ' And Aaron hath made perfume on it, per- 
fume of spices, morning by morning; in his 
making the lamps right he doth perfume it, 
* and in Aaron's causing the lamps to go up 
between the evenings, he doth perfume it ; a 
continual perfume before Jehovah to your 
generations. 

" 'Ye do not cause strange perfume to go uii 
upon it, and burnt-otFci'ing, and present, and 
libation ye do not poiir out on it ; ^^ and Aaron 
hath made atonement on its horns, once 
in a year, by the blood of the sin -offering of 
atonements; once in a year doth he make 
atonement for it, to your generations; it is 
most holy to Jehovah.' 

11 And Jehovah spcaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, 1- ' Wlicu thou takcst up the stim of the 
sons of Israel for tneii* numbers, then they 
have given eacli an atonement /o?' his soul to 
Jehovah in tlieir being numbered, and there 
58 



is no plague among them in their being num- 
bered. 

1^ ' This they do give, every one i^assing over 
unto those nimabered, half a shekel, by the 
shekel of the sanctuary (the shekel is twenty 
gerahs) ; lialf a shekel is the heave-offering Co 
Jehovah ; i* every one passing over xmto those 
niunbered, from a son of twenty years and 
upwazxls, doth give the heave-offering of Je- 
hovah ; 1' the rich doth not multiply, and the 
poor doth not diminish from the half-shekel, 
to give the heave-offering of Jehovah, to make 
atonement for your souls. 

1" ' And thou hast taken the atonement- 
money from the sons of Israel, and hast given 
it for the service of the tent of meeting; .and 
it hath been to the sons of Israel for a me- 
morial before Jehovah, to make atonement 
for your soids.' 
i^'And Jehovah speaketh imto Moses, say- 
ing, 18 ' And thou hast made a laver of brass 
(and its base of brass), for washing ; and thou 
hast jtut it between the tent of meeting and 
the altar, and hast put water there ; i" and 
Aaron and his sons have washed at it their 
hands and their feet, '<' in their going in imto 
the tent of meeting they wash with water, and 
die not; or in their drawing nigli unto the 
altar to minister, to perfume a fire-ofl'eriug to 
Jehovah, -i then they have washed their 
hands and their feet, and they die not, and it 
hath been to them a statute age-diu-iug, to 
him and to his seed to their generations.' 

"- And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
in^', -3 'And thou, take to thyseK principal 
spices, wild honey five lumdred shekels ; and 
spice-cinnamon, the half of that, two himdred 
and fifty; and spice-cane two himdred and 
fifty; ^ and cassia five hundred, by the shekel 
of the sanctuary, and olive oil a hin ; "-^ and 
thou hast made it a holy anointing oil, a 
compound mixture, work of a compoimder ; 
it is a holy anointing oih 

-fi ' And thou hast anointed with it the 
tent of meeting, and the ark of the testi- 
mony, -'' and the table and all its vessels, 
and the candlestick and its vessels, and tlie 
altar of perfume, -^and the altar of burnt- 
oifering and all its vessels, and the laver and 
its base ; "■' and thou hast sanctified them, 
and they have been most holy ; all that is 
coming against them is lioly ;_'•"' aud Aaron 
and his sons thou dost anoint, and hast 
sanctified them for being priests to Me. 

31 ' And unto the sons of Israel thou dost 
speak, saying, A holy anointing oil is this 
to Me, to your generations ; •*- on ilesh of 
man it is not poured, and with its jn-oper 
jiroportion ye make none like it ; it is holy ; 
it is holy to you ; ■^ a man who compoimd- 
eth aril/ like it, or who putteth of it ou a 
stranger — liath even been cut off from his 
people.' 

•'■•And Jehovali saith unto Moses, 'Take 
to thee spices, stactc, and onycha, and gal- 
banum, spices and ])urc frankincense; they 
arc pai-t for pai-t ; '-^^ and thou liast made 
it a ])erfume, a compound, work of a com- 
pounder, salted, ])ure, lioly ; ■"' and tlum hast 
beaten some of it small, and hast put of it 
before the testimony, in the tent of meeting. 



The aacred perfume. 



XXX. 37.— EXODUS. -xxxii. in. 



The golden calf. 



whither I am mot with thee; most holy it 
is to you. 

3^ ' As to the perfume which thou makest, 
with its proper proportion ye do not make to 
yourselves, holy it is to thee to Jehovah; 
*3a man who maketh any like it — to be re- 
freshed by it — hath even been cut off from 
his people.' 

XXXI. 1 AND Jehovah speaketh unto 
Moses, saying, " ' See, I have called by name 
Bezaleel, son of Uri, son of Hur, of the 
tribe of Jiidah, ^and I fill him with the 
Spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understand- 
ing, and in knowledge, and in all work, ■* to 
devise devices to work in gold, and in silver, 
and in brass, ^and in graving of stone for 
settings, and in graving of wood to work in 
all work. 

•^ ' And Ij lo, I have given with him Aholiab, 
son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, and 
in the heart of every wise-hearted one I have 
given Avisdom, and they have made all that 
wliich I have commanded thee. 

'^ ' The tent of meeting, and the ark of 
testimony, and the mercy-seat which is on 
it, and all the vessels of the tent, ^ and the 
table and its vessels, and the pure candle- 
stick and all its vessels, and the altar of the 
perfiune, ^ and the altar of the l^urnt-ofFering 
and all its vessels, and the laver and its 
base, '"and the coloiu'ed garments, and tlie 
holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the 
garments of his sons, for acting as priests in ; 
'^and the anointing oil, and tne perfume of 
the spices for the sanctuary; according to all 
that I have commanded thee — they do.' 

^-And Jehovah speaketh imto Moses, say- 
ing, 13 ' And thou, speak unto the sons of 
Israel, saying. Only, My sabbaths ye do keep, 
for it is a sign between Me and you, to 
your generations, to know that I, Jehovah, 
am sanctifying you ; " and ye have ke]»t 
the sabbath, for it is holy to you, he who 
is polluting it is certainly put to death — for 
any who doeth work in it — that person hath 
even been cut off from the midst of his 
people. 

i^'Six days is work done, and in the 
seventh day is a sabbath of holy rest to 
Jehovah ; any who doeth work in the sab- 
l)ath-day is certainly jjut to death, i" and 
the sons of Israel have observed the sab- 
bath ; to keep the sabbath to their genera- 
tions is a covenant age -dm-ing, ^"^ between 
Me and the sons of Israel it is a sign — to the 
age ; for six days Jehovah made the heavens 
and the earth, and in the seventh day He 
hath ceased, and is refreshed.' 

i^And He giveth imto Moses, when He 
Gnisheth speaking with him in moimt Sinai, 
two tables of the testimony, tables of stone, 
written by the finger of God. 

XXXII. 1 AND the people see that Moses 
is delaying to come down from the mount, 
and the people assemble against Aaron, and 
say imto him, 'Rise, niake for us gods who 
go before us, for this Moses — the man who 
brought us up out of the land of Egypt — 
we have not luiown what hath hapijened to 
him.' 

"And Aaron saith unto them, 'Break off 



the rings of gold which are in the ears of 
your wives, your sons, and your daughters, 
and bring in imto me;' ^and all the people 
thernselves break off the rings of gold which 
are in their ears, and bring in unto Aaron, 
* and he receiveth from their hand, and doth 
fashion it with a graving tool, and doth make 
it g. molten calf, and they say, 'These thy 
gods, Israel, who brought ithee up out of 
the land of Egypt.' 

^And Aaron seeth, and buildeth an altar 
before it, and Aaron calleth, and saith, 'A 
festival to Jehovah — to-morrow;' "and they 
rise early on the morrow, and cause burnt- 
offerings to ascend, and bring nigh peace- 
offerings ; and the people sit down to eat and 
to drink, and rise up to play. 

^And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Go, 
descend, for thy people whom thou hast 
brought up out of the land of E,gypt hath 
done corruptly, ^they have tiu'ned aside 
hastily from the way that I have commanded 
them; they have made for themselves a 
molten call, and bow themselves to it, and 
sacrifice to it, and say. These thy gods, 
Israel, who brought thee up out of the land 
of Egypt.' 

^ And Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' I have 
seen this people, and lo, it is a stiff-necked 
people ; i" and now, let Me alone, and My 
auger doth burn against them, and I con- 
sume them, and I make thee become a great 
nation.' 

11 And Moses appeaseth the face of Je- 
hovah his God, and saith, ' Wliy, Jehovah, 
doth Thine anger burn against Thy people, 
whom Thou hast brought forth out of the 
land of Egypt with .great power and with a 
strong hand? i" why do the Egyptians 
speak, saying, For evil He brought them 
out to slay them among mountains, and to 
consume them from off the face of the 
groimd? turn back from the heat of Thine 
anger, and repent of the evil against Thy 
people. 

1* ' Be mindful of Abraham, of Isaac, and 
of Israel, Tliy servants, to whom Thou hast 
sworn by Thyself, and unto whom Thou 
speakest; I niiiltiply your seed as stars of 
the heavens, and all this laud, as I have 
said, I give to your seed, and they have in- 
herited "to the age ; ' !■* and Jehovah repent- 
eth of the evil which Ho hath spoken of 
doing to His people. 

13 And Moses tiirneth, and goetli down 
from the moimt, and the two tables of the 
testimony are in his hand, tables written on 
botli their sides, on this and on that are 
they written ; i" and the tables are the work of 
God, and the -writing is the writing of God, 
graven on the tables. 

17 And Joshua heareth the voice of the 
people in their shouting, and saith unto Mo- 
ses, 'A noise of battle in the camp!' i^aud 
he saith, ' It is not the voice of the ci-jdng of 
might, nor is it the voice of the crying of 
weakness — a voice of singing I am hearing.' 

1" And it cometh to pass, when he hath 
drawn near imto the camp, that he seeth 
the calf, and the dancing, and the anger of 
Moses Durneth, and he casteth out of liis 

m 



Moses breaketh tlie tables. xxxii. 20.— EXODUS.— xxxiii. 22. He incerceUes for the peopt^ 



hands the tahles, and breaketh them imder 
tlie moiiut ; "" and he taketh tlie calf which 
they have made, and burneth it vnih. fire, 
and griudeth until it is small, and scatter- 
eth on tlie face of the waters, and causeth 
the sons of Israel to drink. 

"1 And Moses saith unto Aaron, ' What 
hath this peoi)le done to thee, that thou 
hast brought in upon it a great sin?' "-and 
Aaron saith, ' Let not the anger of my lord 
burn; thou — thou hast known the people 
that it is in evil ; ^^ and they say tx) me, 
Make for us gods, who go before us, for this 
Moses — the man who brought us up out of 
the land of Egypt — we have not known what 
hath happened to him : "■* and I sa; to them, 
Whoso hath gold, let them break It off, and 
they give to me, and I cast it into the fire, and 
this calf Cometh out.' 

"' And Moses seeth the people that it is 
imbridled, for Aaron hath made it unbridled 
for contempt among its withstauders, '"' and 
Moses standeth in the gate of the camp, and 
saith, 'Who is for Jehovah? — imto me!' 
and all the sons of Levi are gathered unto 
him ; -''and he saith to them, 'Thus said 
Jehovah, God of Israel, Put each his sword 
by his thigh, pass over and turn back from 
gate to gate through the camp, and slay each 
his brother, and each his friend, and each his 
relation.' 

"^ And the sous of Levi do according to the 
word of ]\Ioses, and there fall of the people 
on that day about three thousand men, ^^and 
Moses saith, 'Consecrate your hand to-day 
to Jehovah, for a man is against his son, 
and against his brother, so as to bring on you 
to-day a blessing.' 

■"'And it cometh to pass, on the morrow, 
that Moses saith unto the people, 'Ye — ye 
have sinned a great sin, and now I go uj) 
unto Jehovah, if so be I atone for your 
sin.' 

^1 And Moses turneth back imto Jehovah, 
and saith, ' Oh this people hath sinned a great 
sin, that they make to themselves a god of 
gold ; ■*- and now, if Tliou takcst away their 
sin — and if not — ))lot me, I pray thee, out of 
Thy book which Thou hast Aratten.' 

■*•* And Jehovali saith unto Moses, ' Whoso 
hatli sinned against Mc — I blot him out of 
My book; ^^and now, go, lead the people 
wliithersoever I liavc siiokcu to thee of ; lo, 
My messenger goeth before tlice, and in the 
day of my charging — then I have charged 
upon tliein their sin.' 

■^'' And Jehovah t^jlagucth tlie people, because 
they made tlie call which Aai-on made. 

XXXIIL lAND Jehovah sjtcaketh unto 
Moses, ' Go, ascend from this r;/ace, thou and 
the people, whom tliou hast brought up out 
of the laud of Egypt, unto the land which 
I have sworn to Abraham, to Isaac, and 
to Jacob, saying. To thy seed I give it,' 
- (and I liave sent before thee a messenger, 
and liave cast out the (Janaanitc, the Anioritc, 
and the Ifittitc, and the I'criz/.ite, the ITivite, 
and tlu' .Tubiisiti^,) •' unto a land flowing with 
mill; and lioiuy, for 1 ilo not go uji in thy 
midst, for thou art a stiU'-iiecked people — lest 
I consume thee in the way.' 
GO 



■* And the people hear this sad thing, and 
moiu-n : and none put his ornaments on him. 

^ And Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' Say un- 
to the sons of Israel, Ye a?'e a stiff-necked 
people; one moment — I come up into thy 
midst, and have consimied thee; and now 
put down thine ornaments from ofi'thee, and 1 
know what I do to thee ;' '' and the sons of Israel 
take off their ornaments at moimt Horeb. 

'■ And Moses taketh the tent, and hath 
stretched it out at the outside of the camp, 
afar off from the camp, and hath called it, 
' Tent of Meeting ; ' and it hath come to pass, 
every one seeking Jehovah goeth out imto 
the tent of meeting, which is at the outside of 
the camp. 

^ And it hath come to X)ass, at the going out 
of Moses imto the tent, all the people rise, 
and have stood, each at the opening of his 
tent, and have looked exi^ectingly after Moses, 
imtil his going into the tent. 

^ And it hath come to pass, at the going in 
of Moses to the tent, the pillar of the cloud 
Cometh down, and hath stood at the opening 
of the tent, and He hath spoken \vith Moses ; 
1" and all the people have seen the pillar of the 
cloud standing at the opening of the tent, and 
all the people have risen and bowed them- 
selves, each at the opening of his tent. 

i^And Jehovah hath spoken unto Moses 
face unto face, as a man speaketh unto his 
friend; and he hath turned back unto the 
camp, and his minister Joshua, son of Nun, a 
youtn, departeth not out of the tent. 

'- And Moses saith unto Jehovah, ' See, 
Thou art saying imto nie, Bring up this 
people, and Thou hast not caused me to know 
whom Thou dost send with me; and Thou 
hast said, I have known thee by name, and 
also thou hast found grace in Mine eyes. 

1^ ' And now, if, I pray Thee, I have foimd 
grace in Thine eyes, cause me to know, I pray 
Thee, Thy way, and I know Thee, so that I 
find grace in Thine eyes, and consider that 
this nation !s Thy i^eople:' '■*and He saith, 
' My presence doth go, and I have given rest 
to thee.' 

1^ And he saith unto Him, ' If Thy presence 
is not going— take us not up from this place ; 
i" and in what is it known now, that 1 have 
found grace in Tliinc eyes — I and Tliy people 
— is it not in Thy going with us? and we liave 
been distinguished— I and Tliv people— from 
all the people wlio are on the face of the 
groimd.' ^''And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 
' Even this tiling which thou hast spoken I 
do ; for thou hast found gi-acc in Mine eyes, 
and I know thee by name.' 

i**And he saitli, 'Shew me, I pray Thee, 
Thine honour;' '"and He saitli, '^ I cause all 
Mv goodness to pass before tliy face, and have 
called concerning the Name of Jehovah be- 
fore thee, and favoured him whom I favour, 
and loved him whom I love.' 

-''He saith also, 'Thou art unable to sec 
My face, for man doth not see Me, and live:' 
^•.Tchovah also saith, ' IjO, a place is by Me, 
and thou hast stood on the roclv, -"'and it liatn 
come to pass, in the passing by of Mine hon- 
om', tliat I have set thee in a cleft of the rock, 
and spread out My hands over thee, u util My 



rhe two tables renewed. 



XXXIII. 23.— EXODUS.— XXXV. 2. 



Ood instructs Moses. 



passing by, ^ and I have turned, aside My 
hands, and thou hast seen My back parts, and 
My face is not seen.' 

XXXIV. 1 AND Jehovah saith unto Moses, 
' Hew for thyself two tables of stone like the 
first, and I have written on the tables the 
words which were on the first tables which 
thou hast broken ; ^ and be prepared at morn- 
ing, and thou hast come iip in the morning \into 
mnunt Sinai, and hast stood before Me there, 
on the top of the mount, ^ and no man cometh 
up with thee, and also no man is seen in all 
the moimt, also the f3ock and the herd do not 
feed over-against that moimt.' 

■* And he heweth two tables of stone like 
the first, and Moses riseth early in the morn- 
ing, and goeth up iinto mo\int Sinai, as Je- 
hovah commanded him, and he taketh in his 
hand two tables of stone. 

^ And Jehovah cometh down in a cloud, and 
stationeth Himself with him there, and call- 
eth in the Name of Jehovah, ^ and Jehovah 
passeth over before his face, and calleth : 
Jehovah, Jehovah God, merciful and graci- 
ous, slow to anger, and abundant in kindness 
and. truth, ^ keeping kindness for thousands, 
taking away iniquity, and transgression, and 
sin, and not entirely acquitting, charging ini- 
qiiitv of fathers on childi-en, and on children's 
children, on a third generation, and on a 
fourth.' 

8 And Moses hasteth, and boweth to the 
earth, and doth obeisance, " and saith, ' If, I 
pray Thee, I have found grace in Thine eyes, 
my Lord, let my Lord, I pray Thee, go in 
our midst (for it is a stiff-necked people), and 
thou hast forgiven our iniqiuty and our sin, 
and hast inherited us.' 

^^ And He saith, ' Lo, I am making a cove- 
nant: before all thy people I do wonders, 
which have not been done in all the earth, or 
in any nation, and all the people in whose 
midst thou art have seen the work of Jehovah, 
for it is fearful that which I am doing with 
thee. 

1^ ' Observe for thyself that which I am com- 
mandinrj thee to-day : lo, I am casting out from 
before tnee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, 
and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the 
Hivite, and the Jebusite ; ^" take heed to thy- 
self, lest thou make a covenant with the inha- 
bitant of the land into which thou art going, 
lest it become a snare in thy midst ; ^^ for 
their altars ye break down, and their stand- 
ing pillars ye shiver, and its shrines ye cut 
down; ^^for ye do not bow yourselves to an- 
other god— for Jehovah, whose name is Zeal- 
ous, is a zealous God. 

1° ' Lest thou make a covenant with the in- 
habitant of the land, and they have gone a- 
whoring after their gods, and have sacrificed 
to their gods, and one hath called to thee, and 
thou hast eaten of his sacrifice, ^^and thou 
hast taken of their daughters to thy sons, and 
their daughters have gone a-whoring after 
their gods, and have caused thy sons to go a- 
whoring after their gods ; ^^ a molten god thou 
dost not make to thyself. 

1* ' The feast of xmleavened things thou dost 
keep; seven days thou dost eat unleavened 
things, as I liave commanded thee, at an ap- 



pointed time, the month of Abib : for in the 
month of Abil) thou didst come out from Egyjit. 

^'' ' AH opening a womb are Mine, and every 
firstlino; of thy cattle born a male, ox or sheep ; 
"" and the firstling of an ass thou dost ransom 
with a lamb; and if thou dost not ransom, 
then thou hast beheaded it ; every first-born 
of thy sons thou dost ransom, and they do not 
appear before Me emx>ty. 

^ ' Six days thou dost work, and on the 
seventh day thou dost rest ; in ploughing-time 
and in harvest thou dost rest. 

^- ' And a feast of weeks thou dost observe 
for thyself ; first-fruits of wheat-harvest ; and 
the feast of in-gathering, at the revolution of 
the year. 

-^ ' Three times in a year do all thy males 
appear before the Lord Jehovah, God of Is- 
rael ; "^ for I dispossess nations from before 
thee, and have enlarged thy border, and no 
man doth desire thy land in thv going up to 
appear before Jehovah thy God three times in 
a year. 

-5 ' Thou dost not slaughter with a fermented 
thing the blood of My sacrifice ; and the sacri- 
fice of the feast of the passover doth not re- 
main till morning: -"the first of the first-fruits 
of the land thou dost bring into the hoiise o' 
Jehovah thy God ; thou dost not boil a kid in 
its mother's milk.' 

^^And Jehovah saith imto Moses, 'Write 
for thyself these words, for, according to the 
tenor of these words I have made with thee 
a covenant, and with Israel.' 

"8 And he is there with Jehovah foi-ty day.s 
and forty nights; bread he hath not eaten, 
and water he hath not drimk ; and he writetl) 
on the tables the matters of the covenant— 
the ten matters. 

'^And it cometh to pass, when Moses is 
coming down from moimt Sinai (and the two 
tables of the testimony are in the hand of 
Moses in his coming down from the moimt), 
that Moses hath not known that the skin of 
his face hath shone in His speaking with him, 
3" and Aaron seeth — all the sons oi Israel also 
— Moses, and lo, the skin of his face hath 
shone, and they are afraid of coming nigh 
imto him. 

31 And Moses calleth unto them, and Aaron 
and all the princes in the company return tm- 
to him, and Moses speaketh imto them ; ^- and 
afterwards have all the sons of Israel come 
nigh, and he chargeth them -with all that 
Jehovah hath spoken with him in moimt 
Sinai. 

33 And Moses finisheth speaking with them, 
and putteth on his face a vail ; ^ and in the 
going in of Moses before Jehovah to speak 
with Him, he turneth aside the vail until his 
coming out ; and he hath come out and hath 
spoken imto the sons of Israel that which 
he is commanded ; ^s and the sons of Israel 
have seen the face of Moses that the skin of 
the face of Moses hath shone, and Moses hath 
put back the vail on his face imtil his going 
in to speak with Him. 

XXXV. 1 AND Moses assembleth all the 

companv of the sons of Israel, and saith unto 

them, 'These are the things which Jehovah 

hath commanded— to do them: ^ Six days is 

Gl 



Moses speaks to the people. xxxv. 3. — EXODUS. — xxxvi. 9. Offerings for the tabernacle. 



work donCj and on tlie seventli daj' there is 
to you a lioly day, a sabbath of rest to Je- 
hovah ; any wlio doctli work in it is put to 
death; ^ye do not burn a fire in any or yoxir 
dwellings on the sal)bath-day.' 

* And Moses speaketh unto all the company 
of the sons of Isi-ael, saying, 'This is the 
thing which Jehovah hath commanded, say- 
ing, ^ Take ye from among you a heave-ofi'er- 
ing to Jehovah ; every one whose heart is 
willing doth bring it, — the heave-ofi'ering of 
Jehovah, — gold, and silver, and brass, ^and 
blue, and purple, and scarlet, and linen, and 
goats' hair, ^and rams' skins made red, and 
badgers' skins, and shittim wood, ^ and oil for 
the light, and spices for the anointing oil, 
and for the spice perfume, " and shoham 
stones, and stones for settings, for an ephod, 
and for a breastplate. 

1" ' And all the wise-hearted among you 
come in, and make all that Jehovah hath 
commanded : 

11 ' The tabernacle, its tent, and its cover- 
ing, its hooks, and its boards, its bars, its pil- 
lars, and its sockets, 

1- ' The ark and its staves, the mercy-seat, 
and tht vail of the covering, 

!•* ' The table and its staves, and all its 
vessels, aud the l)read of the presence, 

i^'And the candlestick for the light, and 
its vessels, and its lamiis, and the oil for the 
}ight, 

1* ' And the altar of perfume, and its staves, 
and the anointing oil, and the spice perfume, 
and the covering of the opening at tlie open- 
ing of the tabernacle. 

i*"" 'The altarof Ituriit-oflering and the brazen 
grate which it hath, its staves, and all its 
vessels, the laver aud its base, 

1'' ' The hangings of the court, its pillars, 
and their sockets, aud the covering of the 
gate of the coiui;, 

18 ' The pins of the tabernacle, and the pins 
of the com-t, and their cords, 

1^ ' The coloured garments, to do service in 
tlie sanctuary, tlie holy garments for Aa^ou 
the priest, and the garments of his sons to act 
as priest in.' 

-" And all the company of the sons of Israel 
go out from the xiresence of Moses, '•'i and they 
come in — every man whom his heart hatli 
lifted up, and everyone wliom his spii'it hath 
made willi)ig — they have brought in the heave- 
offering of Jehovah for the work of the tent of 
meeting, and for all its service, aud for the 
holy garments. 

"" And they come in— the men with the wo- 
men — every willing-hearted one — they have 
brought in nose-ring, and ear-ring, and seal- 
ring, and necklace, all golden goods, even 
every one who hath waved a wave-offering of 
gold to Jehovah. 

-^And every man with whom liath been 
found blue, and puri)lc, and scarlet, and linen, 
and goats' hair, and rams' skins made red, 
and l^adgers' skins, have brought thepi in; 
-•'every one lifting up a heave-offering of 
silver and bi-ass have brought in the heave- 
offering of Jehovah; and every one witli 
whom liath been found sliittim wood for any 
work of the service brought it in. 
G2 



'''And every wise-hearted woman hath spun 
with her hands, aud they bring in yarn, the 
l)lue, and the purple, the scarlet, aud the 
linen ; -'' and all the women whose heart hath 
lifted them up in wisdom, have spun the 
goats' hai7: 

'^ And the princes have brought in the sho- 
ham stones, atid the stones for settings, for the 
ephod, and for the breastplate, -^and the 
spices, and the oil for the light, and for the 
anointing oil, and for the spice perfume; 
-" evei-y man and woman (whom their heart 
hath made willing to bring in for all the work 
which Jehovah commanded to be done by the 
hand of Moses) of the sons of Israel brought 
in a willing-offering to Jehovah. 

■^^ And Moses saith imto the sons of Israel, 
' See, .Jehovah hath called by name Bezaleel, 
son of Uri, son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, 
31 and He doth fill him with the Spirit of 
God, in wisdom, in understanding, and in 
knowledge, and in all work, 3- even to devise 
devices to work in gold, and iu silver, and in 
brass, ^^ and in graving of stones for settings, 
and in graving of wood to work in any work 
of design. 

"^ ' And to direct He hath put in his heart, 
he and Aholiab, son of Ahisamach, of the 
tribe of Dan; ^sjje hath filled them with 
wisdom of heart to do every work, of en- 
graver, and designer, and embroiderer (in 
blue, and in purple, in scarlet, and in linen), 
and weaver, who do any work, and of de- 
signers of designs. 

XXXVI. 1 AND Bezaleel, and Aholiab, 
and every wise-hearted man, in whom Jehovah 
hath given wisdom and understanding to 
luiow to do every work of the service of the 
sanctuary, have done according to all that 
Jehovah commanded. 

- And Moses calleth unto Bezaleel, and 
imto Aholiab, and unto every wise-hearted 
man in whose heart Jehovah hath given wis- 
dom, every one whom his heart lifted up, to 
come near unto the work to do it. 

■^ And they take from before Moses all the 
heavc-ofiering wliich the sons of Israel have 
brought in for the work of the ?ervice of 
the .sanctuary to do it ; and still they have 
Inought in unto liim a willing-offering morn- 
ing by morning. 

5^ And all the wise men, who are doing all 
tlie work of the sanctuary, come each from 
liis work which they are aoing, 'and speak 
unto Moses, saying, 'The people are midti- 
plying to bring in more than sufficient for the 
service of the work which Jehovah com- 
manded to make.' 

'' And Moses commandeth, and they cause 
a voice to i)ass over through the camp, 
saying, 'Let not man or woman make any 
more work for the heave-offering of the 
sanctuary;' and the people are restrained 
from bringing, " and the work hath been siiffi- 
cicnt for them, for all the work, to do it, and 
to leave. 

8 And all the v\nse-hearted ones among the 
doers of the work make the tabernacle ; ten 
cm-tains of twined linen, and blue, and pur- 
l>le, and scarlet, vnth cherubs, work of a de- 
signer he hath made them. >♦ The length of 



Thfi work of the tabemrrelf. xxxvi.lO. —EXODUS.— xxxni. 19. 



and ifsfvnnfufe 



the one curtain is eiglit and tweiity oy the cii- 
hit, and tho hrcahth of tlie one curtain fo\U' by 
the cnhit ; one nicaBiire is to all the curtains. 

'"And lie joineth the five curtains one unto 
another, and the other five curtains he hath 
joined one unto another; "and he maketh 
loops of blue on the edge of the one citrtain, 
.at the end, iu the joining ; so he liath made 
in tlie edge of the outmost curtain, in the 
joining of the second; '-fifty loops he liath 
made in the one curtain, and fifty loops hath 
he made in the end of the curtain winch is in 
the joining of the second ; the loops are tak- 
ing hold one on another. 

" And he maketh fifty hooks of gold, and 
joineth the curtains one unto another by the 
nooks, and the tabernacle is one. 

" And he maketh curtains of goats' hair 
for a tent over the tabernacle ; eleven cur- 
tains lie liatli made them ; ^^ the length of 
the one curtain is thirty by the cubit, and 
the breadth of the one ciu'tain is four ciibits ; 
one measure is to the eleven curtains ; "• and 
lie joinetli the five curtains apart, and the six 
curtains apart. 

''^ And he maketh fifty loops on the outer 
edge of the curtain, in the joining ; and fifty 
loops he hath made on the edge of the cur- 
tain which is joining the second ; '^ and he 
maketh fifty hooks of brass to join the tent 
—to be one ; '^ and he maketh a covering for 
tlie tent of rams' skins made red, and a cov- 
ering of badgers' skins above. 

-"And lie maketh the boards for the taber- 
nacle of shittim wood, standing up ; -' ten 
cubits is the length of the 07ie board., and a cubit 
and a half the breadth of the one board ; 
''"two handles are to the one board, joined 
one imto another; so he hath made for all 
the boards of the tabernacle. 

"3 And he maketh the boards for tbe taber- 
nacle ; twenty boards for the south side 
southward ; ^ and forty sockets of silver 
he hath made under the twenty boards, two 
sockets imder the one board for its two 
handles, and two sockets under the other 
board for its two handles. 

2^ And for the second side of the tabernacle, 
for the north side, he hath made twenty 
boards, -^and their forty sockets of silver, 
two sockets under the one board, and two 
sockets under the other board; ^and for 
the sides of the tabernacle, westward, hath 
he made six boards ; "^ and two lioards hath 
he made for the comers of the tabernacle, 
in the two sides ; ^^ and they have _ been 
twins below, and together they are twins at 
its head, at the one ring ; so he hath done to 
both of them at the two corners ;^'' and there 
have been eight boards ; and their sockets of 
silver are sixteen sockets, two sockets under 
the one board. 

21 And he maketh bars of shittim wood, 
five for the boards of the one side of the 
tabernacle, ^" and five bars for the boards of 
the second side of the tabernacle, and five 
bars for the boards of the tabernacle, for the 
sides westward ; 2-' and he maketh the middle 
bar to enter into the midst of tlie boards from 
end to end ; ^* and the boards he hath over- 
laid with gold, and their rings he hath made 



of gold, places for liars, and he overlayeth the 
bars with gold. 

•^^' And ho maketh the vail of blue, and 
]iur])le, and scarlet, and twined linen, work 
of a designer he liath made it, with cherubs ; 
^^ and he maketh for it four pillars of shittim 
wood, and overlayctli tliem ^^^th gold ; their 
pegs are of gold ; and he castetli for them 
four sockets of silver. 

^'' And he maketh a covering for the open- 
ing of the tent, of blue, and purple, and scar- 
let, and twined linen, work of an embroiderer, 
^^ also its five pillars, and their pegs ; and he 
overlaid their tops and their fillets vnth gold, 
and their five sockets are brass. 

XXXyil. 1 AND Bezalcel maketh the ark 
of shittim wood, two cubits and a half its 
length, and a cubit and a half its breadth, 
and a cubit and a h.alf its height ; ^ and he 
overlayeth it with pure gold within and with- 
out, and maketh for it a WTeath of gold 
roimd about ; ^ and he castetli for it four 
rings of gold, on its four feet, even two rings 
on its one side, and two rings on its second 
side; *aud he maketh staves of shittim wood, 
and overlayeth them with gold, ^ and he 
bringeth in the staves into the rings, by the 
sides of the ark, to bear the ark. 

•> And he maketh a mercy-scat of pure gold, 
two cubits and a half its length, and a cubit 
and a half its breadth ; ^ and lie maketh two 
cherubs of gold, of beaten work he hath made 
them, at the two ends of the mercy-seat ; 
^ one cherub at the end on this sidr, and one 
cherub at the end on that, out of the mercy- 
seat he hath made the cherubs, at its two 
ends ; ^ and the cherubs are s]')reading out 
wings on high, covering over the mercy-seat 
with their wings, and their faces are one 
towards another ; towards the mercy-seat 
have the faces of the cherubs been. 

'" And he maketh the table of shittim wood ; 
two cubits its length, and a cubit its l)readth, 
and a cubit and a half its height, " and over- 
layeth it with pure gold, and maketh for it a 
wreath of gold round about. 

'2 And he maketh for it a border of a hand- 
breadth roimd about, and maketh a wreath 
of gold for its border round about; '^ and lie 
casteth for it four rings of gold, and putteth 
the rings on the four corners which «?-e to 
its four feet ; '* over-against the border have 
the rings been, places for staves to bear the 
table. 

's And he maketh the staves of shittim wood, 
and overlayeth them with gold, to bear the 
table ; '" and he maketh the vessels which are 
upon tlie table, its dishes, and its bowls, and 
its cups, and the cups by which they pour out, 
of pure gold. 

'7 And he maketh the candlestick of pure 
gold ; of beaten work he hath made the candle- 
stick, its base, and its branch, its calyxes, its 
knops, and its flowers, have been of the same ; 
'8 and six branches are coming out of its sides, 
three brandies of the candlestick out of its 
one side, and three branches of the candlestick 
out of its second side ; '" three calyxes, made 
like almonds, in the one branch, a knop and 
a flower; and tliree calyxes, made like al- 
monds, in another branch, a knop and a flow- 
63 



Making of the tabernacle xxxvii. 20.— EXODUS.— xxxtx. 2. 



and its ftntiUure. 



er; so to the six branches wbicli are coming 
out of the candlestick. 

-"And in the candlestick are four calyxes, 
made like almonds, its kuops, and its flowers, 
'-' and a knon under the two hranches of the 
same, and a knor) under the two hranches of 
tlie same, and a knoiJ under the two branches 
of the same, are to the six branches which are 
coming out of it ; -- their knops and their 
In-anches have been of the same ; all of it one 
lieaten work of pure gold. 

-■■* And he ma!keth its seven lamps, and its 
snuflers, and its snuff-dishes, of pure gold; 
-^ of a talent of piu-e gold he hatli made it, 
and all its vessels. 

-^ And he maketh the perfume-altar of shit- 
tim wood ; a cubit its length, and a cubit its 
breadth (square), and two cubits its height ; 
its horns have been of the same; -"and he 
overlayeth it ^v^th pure gold, its top and its 
sides roimd about, and its horns ; and he 
maketh for it a wreath of gold roimd about ; 
-'■ and two rings of gold he hath made for it 
under its wreath, at its two corners, at its 
two sides, for places for staves to bear it with 
them. 

-8 And he maketh the staves of shittim 
wood, and overlayeth them with gold ; -^ and 
he maketh the holy anointing oil, and the 
pure spice-perfume— work of a compoimder. 

XXXVin. 1 AND he maketh the altar of 
bm'nt-offering of shittim wood, five cubits its 
length, and rive cubits its breadth (square), 
and three cubits its height ; - and he maketh 
its horns on its four corners ; its horns have 
been of the same ; and he overlayeth it with 
brass ; '•* and he maketh all the vessels of the 
altar, the pots, and the shovels, and the 
siiriukling-pans, the forks, and the fire-pans ; 
all its vessels he hath made of brass. 

■* And ho maketh for the altar a brazen grate 
of net-work, under its border beneath, unto 
its midst ; ' and he casteth four rings for the 
four ends of the brazen grate — places for bars ; 
'■ and he maketh the staves of shittim wood, 
and overlayeth them with brass ; ^ and he 
liringeth in the staves into the rings on the 
sides of the altar, to bear it Avith them ; hol- 
low with boards lie made it. 

8 And he maketh the laver of brass, and its 
base of brass, with the looking-glasses of the 
women assembling, who have assembled at 
the opening of the tent of meeting. 

'■•And he maketh the court; at the south 
side southward, the hangings of the court of 
twined linen, a hundred by the cubit, ^^ their 
pillars are twenty, and their brazen sockets 
twenty, the pegs of the pillars and their fil- 
lets are silver ; ^^ and at the north side, a 
hundred l)y the cubit, their pillars a7-e twenty, 
and their sockets of brass twenty; the pegs 
of the iiillars and their fillets are silver ; ^" and 
at the west side are hangings, fifty by the 
cubit ; their pillars are ten, and their sockets 
ten; the pegs of the pillars and their fillets 
are silver ; ^^ and at the east side eastward 
fifty cubits. 

i*The hangings on the side «?t fifteen cu- 
bits, their pillars three, and their sockets 
three ; '•' and at the second side at the gate of 
the court, on this and on that, are hangings, 
04 



fifteen cubits, tlieir iiillar;; three, and theii 
sockets three ; "' all th(! hangings of the court 
round about are of twined linen, '^ and the 
sockets for the pillars of brass, the pegs of the 
pillars and their fillets of silver, and the over- 
lajdng of their tops of silver, and all the pil- 
lars of the court are filleted with silver. 

^'' And the covering of the gate of the court 
is the work of an embroiderer, of blue, and 
purple, and scarlet, and twined linen ; and 
twenty cubits is the length, and the height 
with the breadth five cubits, over- against the 
hangings of the court ; ^'■' and their pillars are 
four, and their sockets of brass foiir, their 
pegs are of silver, and the overlaying of their 
tops and their fillets are of silver; -"and all 
the pins for the tabernacle, and for the court 
round about, are of brass. 

-^ These are the numberings of the taber- 
nacle (the tabernacle of testimony), which 
hath been numbered by the command of Mo- 
ses, the service of the Levites, by the hand of 
Ithamar son of Aaron the priest. 

-^ And Bezaleel son of Un, son of Hur, of the 
tribe of Judah^ hath made all that Jehovah 
commanded Moses ; -^ and with him is Aho- 
liab son of Ahisamacli, of the tribe of Dan, 
an engraver, and designer, and embroiderer 
in blue, and in purple, and in scarlet, and in 
linen. 

^All the gold which is prepared for the 
work in all the work of the sanctuary (and it 
is the gold of the wave-oflTering) is twenty and 
nine talents, and seven himdred and thirty 
shekels, by the shekel of the sanctuary. 

-' And tlie silver of those niimbered of the 
company is a hxmdred talents, and a thou- 
sand and seven hundred and five and seventy 
shekels, by the shekel of the sanctiiaiy ; -'' a 
bekah for a poll (half a shekel, by the shekel 
of the sanctuary,) for every one who is pass- 
ing over unto those numbered, from a son of 
twenty years and upwards, for six hundred 
thousand, and three thousand, and five hun- 
dred and fifty. 

^7 And a himdred talents of silver are to 
cast the sockets of the sanctuary, and the 
sockets of the vail ; a himdred sockets for 
the himdred talents, a talent for a socket; 
-^ and the thousand and seven hundred and 
five and seventy he hath made pegs for the 
pillars, and overlaid their tops, and filleted 
them. 

^Aud the brass of the wave-ofFeriug is 
seventy talents, and two thousand and four 
hundred shekels; ^"and he maketh with it 
the sockets of the opening of the tent of 
meeting, and the brazen altar, and the 
brazen grate which it hath, and all the 
vessels of the altar, 3' and the sockets of the 
court round about, and the sockets of the 
gate of the coui-t, and all the pins of the 
tabernacle, and all the pins or the court 
round about. 

XXXIX. 1 AISID of the blue, and the 
purple, and the scarlet, they made coloured 
garments, to minister in the sanctuary ; and 
they make the holy garments which art 
f<ir Aaron, as Jehovah hath commandeti 
Moses. 

-And he maketh the ephod, of gold, blue, 



The pgople\? offerings. 



XXXIX. 3. —EXODUS.— XL. 6. 



The dress oftlie chief priest. 



anrl pmrle, and scarlet, and twined linen, 
' and they expand the plates of gold, and have 
cut off wires to work in tlie midst of the blue, 
and in tlie inidst of the purple, and in the 
midst of the scarlet, and in tne midst of the 
linen — work of a designer; * shoulder-pieces 
they have made for it, joining; at its two 
ends it is joined. 

* And the girdle of his ephod which is on it 
is of the same, according to its work, of ^old, 
blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined 
linen, as Jenovah hath commanded Moses. 

" And they prepare the shoham stones, set, 
embroidered vnfJi gold, opened with openings 
of a signet, by the names of the sons of 
Israel ; '' and he setteth them on the shoulders 
of the ejjhod — stones of memorial for the 
sons of Israel, as Jehovah hath commanded 
Moses. 

8 And he maketh the breastplate, work of 
a designer, like the work of the ephod, of 
gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and 
twined linen; ^it hath been square; double 
they have made the breastplate, a span its 
length, and a span its breadth, doubled. 

^^ And they fill in it four rows of stones ; a 
row of a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle 
is the one row ; ^^ and the second row an 
emerald, a sappliire, and a diamond; i"'and 
the third row an opal, an agate, and an 
amethyst ; ^■^ and the fourth row a beryl, an 
onyx, and a jasper— set, embroidered with 
gold, in their settings. 

^^ And the stones, according to the names 
of tlie sons of Israel, are twelve, according 
to their names, openings of a signet, each 
according to his name, for the twelve tribes. 

^^ And they make on the breastplate 
vvreathed chains, work of thick bands, of pure 
gold ; 1^ and they make two embroidered 
things of gold, and two rings of gold, and 

Eut the two rings on the two ends of the 
reastplate, ^^ and they put the two thick 
bands of gold on the two rings on the ends 
of the breastplate; ^'^and the two ends of 
the two thick bands they have put on the 
two embroidered things, and they put them 
on the shoulders of the ephod, over-against 
its front. 

^'■' And they make two rings of gold, and 
set tliem on the two ends of tlie breastplate, 
on its border, which is on the side of the 
ephod within ; -^ and they make two rings of 
gold, and put them on the two shoidders of 
the ephod below, over-against its front, over- 
against its joining, above the girdle of the 
ephod ; "^ and they l)ind the breastplate by 
its rings unto the rings of the ephod, with a 
ribbon of blue, to be above the girdle of the 
ephod, and the breastplate is not loosed from 
off the ephod, as Jehovah hath commanded 
Moses. 

-^And he maketh the upiier robe of the 
ephod, work of a weaver, completely of 
blue ; -^ and the opening of the up])er robe is 
in its midst, as the opening of a habergeon, a 
border is to its opening round about, it is not 
rent; ^and they make on the hems of the 
upper robe pomegranates of blue, and purple, 
and scarlet, twined. 

-' And they make bells of pure gold, and 



put the bells in the midst of the pomegran- 
ates, oil the lienis of the u]ipcr robe, round 
about, in the inidst of tlie pomegi-anates ; -"^ a 
bell and a pomcgTauate, a bell and a pome- 
granate, a7(i on the hems of the upper robo, 
round about, to minister in, as Jehovah hath 
commanded Moses. 

'^ And they make the coats of linen, work 
of a weaver, for Aaron and for his sons 
-8 and the mitre of linen, and the beautiful 
bonnets of linen, and the linen trousers, of 
twined linen, 2&and the girdle of twined 
linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, 
work of an embroiderer, as Jehovah hath 
commanded Moses. 

^^And they make the Hower of the holy 
crown of pure gold, and write on it a writ- 
ing, openings of a signet, 'Holy to Jehovah;' 
^land they put on it a nbbon of blue, to put 
it on the mitre above, as Jehovah hath com- 
manded Moses. 

^- And all the service of the tabernacle of 
the tent of meeting is completed; and the 
sous of Israel do according to all that Je- 
hovah hath commanded Moses ; so they havo 
done. 

^^ And they bring in the tabernacle unto 
Moses, the tent, and all its vessels, its hooks, 
its boards, its bars, and its pillars, and its 
sockets ; ^^ and the covering of rams' skins, 
which are made red, and the covering of 
badgers' skins, and the vail of the covering ; 
'^^ the ark of the testimony and its staves, 
and the mercy-seat; ^''the table, all its ves- 
sels, and the bread of the presence ; ^ the 
pure candlestick, its lamps, the lamps of ar- 
rangement, and all its vessels, and the oil for 
thelight. 

_ 38 And the golden altar, and the anointing 
oil, and the spice-perfume, and the covering 
of the opening of the tent ; ^^ the brazen altar 
and the brazen grate which it hath, its staves, 
and all its vessels, the laver and its base. 

^''The hangings of the court, its pillars, and 
its sockets J and the covering for the gate of 
the court, its cords, and its pins ; and all the 
vessels of the service of the tabernacle, for 
the tent of meeting ; ^^ the coloured clothes 
to minister in the sanctuary, the holy gar- 
ments for Aaron the priest, and the garments 
of his sons, to act as priest in. 

*^ According to all that Jehovah hath com- 
manded Moses, so have the sons of Israel 
done all the service ; ^^ and Moses seeth all 
the work, and lo, they have done it as Je- 
hovah hath commanded ; so they have done. 
And Moses doth bless them. 

XL. 1 AND Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, 
saying, - ' On the first day of the month in 
the first month, thou dost raise up the taber- 
nacle of the tent of meeting, ^ and hast set there 
the ark of the testimony, and hast covered 
over the ark with the vail, ■* and hast brought 
in the table, and set its arrangement in order, 
and hast brought in the candlestick, and 
caused its lamps to go up. 

^ 'And thou hast put the golden altar for 
perfume before the ark of the testimony, and 
hast put the covering of the opening to the 
tabernacle, '' and hast put the altar of the 
burnt-ofteriug before the opening of the taber 
65 



The tabernacle completed. 



Lx. 7.— EXODUS.— XL. 38. 



andJUled with glory. 



nacle of the tent of moctinjr, ^and hast put 
tliolaver })etween the tent of meetiiif,' and tlie 
altar, and hast j)ut water there. 

* 'And thou ha.st set the court round aliout, 
and hast placed the covering of tlie ^'atc of 
the court, "and hast taken the anointinp; oil, 
and anointed the tabernacle, and all that m 
in it, and hallowed it, and all its vessels, and 
it hath been holy; '"and thou hast anointed 
the altar of the burnt-ofli'erinK, and all its 
vessels, and sanctified the altar, and the altar 
hath been most holy ; ^^ and thou ha.st anointed 
the laver and its base, and sanctified it. 

^'- 'And thou hast brought near Aaron and 
his sons unto the ojjeniug of the tent of meet- 
ing, and hast bathed them%vith water; '^and 
thou hast clothed Aaron with the holy gar- 
ments, and anointed him, and sanctified him, 
and he hath acted as priest to Me. 

^^ 'And his sons thou dost bring near, and 
hast clothed tliem with coats, '^and anointed 
them as thou hast anointed their father, and 
they liave acted as jiriests to Me, and their 
anointing hath been to be to them for a 
priesthood age-during, to their generations.' 

^••And Moses doth according to all that 
Jehovah hath com^manded him; so he hath 
done. 

'^ And it Cometh to pass, in the first month, 
in the second year, in the first of tlie mouth, 
the taberiuicle hath been raised up; ^^aad 
Moses raiseth up the tabernacle, and setteth 
its sockets, and ^uaceth its l)oards^ and placeth 
its bars, and raiseth its pillars, '^and spread- 
eth the tent over the tabernacle, and putteth 
the covering of the tent upon it above, as Je- 
Jiovah hath commanded Moses. 

-"And he taketh and putteth the testi- 
mony unto the ark, and setteth the staves 
on the ark, ami putteth the mercy-seat on 
the ark above ; "^ and bringeth in the ark 
unto the tabernacle, and placeth the vail of 
the covering, and covereth ovci- tlie ark of 
the testimony, as Jehovah hath commanded 
Moses. 

^^ And he putteth the table in the tent of 
meeting, on the side of the talieinacle north 
66 



ward, at the outside of the vail, ^ and sottotli 
in order u])on it the arrangement of bread, 
before Jehovah, as Jehovah hath commanded 
Moses. 

^ And he putteth the candlestick in the 
tent of meeting, over-against the table, on 
the side of the tabernacle southward, -^and 
causeth the lamps to go up before Jehovah, 
as Jehovah hath commandwl Moses. 

^"And he setteth the golden altar in the 
tent of meeting, before the vail, -^ and mak- 
eth perfume on it — spice-perfimie — as Jeho- 
vah hath commanded Moses. 

"^ And he setteth the covering of the open- 
ing to the tabernacle, '-^and the altar of the 
burnt-offering he hath set at the opening of 
the tabernacle of tlie tent of meeting, and 
causeth the burnt-ofTering to go up upon it, 
and the present, as Jehovah hath commanded 
Moses. 

•'"'And he putteth the laver between the 
tent of meeting and the altar, and putteth 
water there for washing, ^^ and Moses and 
Aaron and his sons have washed their hands 
and their feet at the same ; ^- in their going 
in unto the tent of meeting, and in their 
drawing near unto the altar, they wash, as 
Jehovah hath commanded Moses. 

•'^ And he raiseth up the court round about 
the tabernacle, and about the altar, and 
placeth the covering of the gate of the court; 
and Moses completeth the work. 

^ And the cloud covereth the tent of meet- 
ing, and the honour of .Tehovah hath filled 
the tabernacle ; •'■'' and Moses hath not been 
able to go in unto the tent of meeting, for 
the cloud hath tabcra-acled on it, and tlie 
honour of .Jehovah hath filled the tabei. 
nacle. 

^''And in the going up of the cloud from 
off" the tabernacle the sons of Israel journey 
in all their journeys; ''^and if the cloud go 
not uj) then they journey not, until the day 
of its going up : •''*for the cloud of Jehovah h 
on the tal)evnacle by day, and lire is in it by 
night, before the eyes of all the houae of 
rsracl in .all their journeys. 



LEVITICUS. 



CHAP. 1. lAND Jehovah callcth unto 
Moses, and speaketh unto him out of the tent 
of meeting, saying, - ' Sjieak unto the sons of 
Israel, ana thou hast said iinto them. Any 
man of you when he doth bring near an offer- 
ing to Jehovah, out of the cattle — out of the 
herd, or out of the flock — ye do bring near 
your offering. 

^ ' If his offering is a burnt-offering out of 
the herd — a male, a perfect one, he doth bring 
near, unto the opening of the tent of meet- 
ing he doth bring it near, at his pleasure, 
betore Jehovah ; ■* and he hath laid his hand 
on the head of the burnt-offering, and it hath 
been accepted for him to make atonement for 
him ; '' and he hath slaughtered the son of the 
herd before Jehovah ; and sons of Aaron, the 
priests, have brought the blood near, and 
sprinkled the blood on the altar round abmit, 
which is at the opening of the tent of meeting. 

" ' And he hatli stripped the burnt-otfering, 
and hath cut it into its pieces ; "^ and the sons 
of Aaron the priest have put fire on the altar, 
and arranged wood on the fire ; ^ and sons 
of Aaron, the jiriests, have arranged the 
pieces, \vith the head and the fat, on the 
wood, which is on the fire, which is on the 
altar ; ^ and its inwards and its legs he doth 
wash with water ; and the priest hath made 
Derfume with the whole on the altar, a burnt- 
)fi"ering, a fire-offering of sweet fragi-ance to 
Jehovah. 

1* 'And if his offering Is out of the flock — out 
of the sheep or out of the goats— for a burnt- 
offering, a male, a perfect one, he doth bring 
near, ^^aud he hath slaughtered it by the 
side of the altar northward, before Jehovah : 
and sons of Aaron, the priests, have sprinlded 
its blood on the altar roiind about ; ^- and he 
hath cut it into its pieces, and its head and 
its fat, and the priest hath arranged them on 
the wood, which is on the fire, which is on the 
altar ; ^^ and the inwards and the legs he doth 
wash vrith water, and the priest hath brought 
the whole near, and hath made perfumeon 
the altar ; it is a bui-nt-offering, a fire-offering 
of sweet fragrance to Jehovah. 

1* ' And if his offering is a burnt-offering o\it 
of the fowl to Jehovah, than he hath brought 
near his offering out of the turtle-doves or out 
of the young jiigeons, ^^ and the priest hath 
brought it near unto the altar, and hath 
^VTung off its head, and hath made perfume 
on the altar, and its Ijlood hath been wrung 
out by the side of the altar ; i'^ and he hath 
turned aside its crop with its feathers, and 
hath cast it near the altar, eastward, unto the 
place of ashes ; i" and he hath cleaved it with 
its wings (he doth not separate i/.), and the 
■priest hath made it a perfume on the altar, 
ou the wood, which is on the fire ; it is a burnt- 
offering, a fire-offering of sweet fragrance to 
Jehovah. 

II. 1 'AND when a person bringeth near 
an offering, a present to Jehovah, of flour 



is his offering, and he hatli poured on it oil, 
and hath put on it frankincense; "and ha 
hath brouglit it in unto the sons of Aaron, 
the priests, and he hath taken from thence 
the fidness of his hand of its flour and of its 
oil, besides all its frankincense, and the 
priest hath made perfume with its memorial 
on the altar, a fire-offering of sweet frag- 
rance to Jehovah ; ^ and the remnant of the 
present is for Aaron and for his sons, most 
noly, of the fire-offerings of Jehovah. 

* 'And when thou bringest near an offer- 
ing, a present baked in an oven, it w of un 
leavened cakes of floitr mixed with oil, oi 
thin unleavened cakes anointed •with oil. 

^ 'And if thine offering is a present mailc 
on the girdel, it is of fiour, mixed with oil, 
unleavened; "divide thou it into parts, and 
thou hast poured on it oil ; it is a present. 

'' 'And if thine offering is a present made 
on the frying-pan, of flour %vith oil it is made, 
^ and thou hast brought in the present which 
is made of these to .Jehovah, and mie hath 
brought it near unto the priest, and he hath 
brought it nigh unto the altar, " and the 
priest hath lifted up from the present its 
memorial, and hath made perfume on the 
altar, a fire-offering of sweet fragrance to 
Jehovah ; i" and the remnant of the present 
is for Aaron and for his sons, most holy, of 
the fire-offerings of Jehovah. ^^ No present 
which ye bring near to Jehovah is made 
fermented, for with any leaven or any honey 
ye perfume no fire-offering to Jehovah. 

*- 'An offering of tvrst-fndts — ye bring them 
near to Jehovah, but on the altar they go 
not up, for sweet fragrance. '^ And every 
offering — thy present— with salt thou dost 
season, and thou dost not let the salt of the 
covenant of thy God cease from thy present ; 
with all thine offerings thou dost Bring near 
salt. 

^•* 'And if thou bring near a present of 
first-ripe fruits to Jehovah, — of green ean:, 
roasted "«ath fire, beaten out corn of a fruit- 
ful field thou dost bring near tlie present of 
thy first-ripe /?-m7s, '^and tliou hast put on 
it oil, and laid on it frankincense, it is a pre- 
sent; i''and the priest hatli made perfume 
with its memorial from its beaten out corn, 
and from its oil, besides all its frankincense 
— a fire-offering to Jehovah. 

III. 1 'AND if his offering is a sacrifice 
of peace-offerings, if out of the herd he is 
bringing near, whether male or female, a 
perfect one he doth bring near before Je- 
hovah, 2 and he hath laid his hand on the 
head of his offering, and hath slaughtered 
it at the opening of the tent of meeting, and 
sons of Aaron, the priests, have sprinkled 
the blood on the altar roiuid about. 

** 'And he hath brought near from the sacri- 
fice of the peace-offerings a fire-oftcring to 
Jehovah, the fat which is covering the in- 
wards, and ail Lhc fat wliich is on the in- 



Law of the peace-offering. 



HL 4.— LEVITICUS.— IV. 23. 



and of the sin-ofering. 



wards, ''and tlie two kidneys, and the fat 
whicli /.■? on them, which is on the Hanks, 
and the redundance above the liver, (beside 
the kidneys he doth turn it aside), ^and sons 
of Aaron have made it a perftmie on the 
altar, on the burnt-offering which is on the 
wood, \vhich is on tlie fire — a tire-offering of 
sweet fragrance to Jehovah. 

•^ ' And if his offering is out of the flock for 
a sacrifice of i^eace-offerings to Jehovah, male 
or female, a perfect one he doth bring near ; 
"■if a sheep he is bringing near for his offer- 
ing, then he hath brought it near before 
Jehovah, 8 and hath laid his hand on the 
head of liis offering, and hath slaughtered it 
before tlie tent of meeting, and sons of Aaron 
have sprinkled its blood on the altar round 
about. 

^ 'And he hath brought near from the 
sacrifice of the peace-offerings a fire-offering 
to Jehovah, its fat, the whole fat tail (over- 
against the bone he doth turn it aside), and 
the fat which is covering the inwards, and 
all the fat which is on the inwards, i" and 
the two kidneys, and the fat which is on 
them, which is on the flanks, and the redun- 
dance above the liver, (beside the kidneys he 
doth turn it aside), "and the priest hath 
made it a perfiune on the altar — bread of a 
fire-offering to Jehovah. 

1^ ' And if his offering is a goat, then he 
hath brought it near before Jehovah, I'^and 
liath laid his hand on its head, and hath 
slauglitered it before the tent of meeting 
and sons of Aaron have sprinkled its blood 
on the altar round about ; ^* and he hath 
brought near from it his offering, a fire-offer- 
ing to Jehovah, the fat which is covering 
the inwards, and all the fat whicSli is on the 
inwards, ^^ and the two kidneys, and the 
fat which is upon them, which is on the 
flanks, and the redundance above the liver, 
(beside the kidneys he doth turn it aside), 
^'^ and the priest hath made them a ]ierfume 
on the altar — bread of a fire-oflering, for 
sweet fragrance ; all the fat is Jehovah's. 

1'' 'A statute age-during to your generations 
in all your jdwellings : any fat or any blood 
ye do not ea!t.' 

IV. 1 AND Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, 
saying, ^ ' Speak unto the sons of Israel, 
saying. When a person doth sin through 
ignorance against any of the commands of 
•Jehovah regarding things which are not to 
be done, and hath done something against one 
of these — 

' ' If the priest who is anointed doth sin 
according to tlie guilt of the people, then he 
hath brought near for his sin which he hath 
sinned a bullock, a son of the herd, a perfect 
one, to Jehovah, for a sin-offering, ""and lie 
hath brought in the bullock imto the openinjj 
of the tent of meeting before Jehovah, and 
hath laid his hand on the head of the bul- 
lock, and hath slaughtered the bullock before 
Jehovah. 

' ' And the priest who is anointed liath 
taken of the blood of the bullock, and hath 
brought it in unto the tent of meeting, "and 
the priest hath dipped his flnger in the blood, 
and sprinkled of the blood seven times before 
68 



Jehovah, at the front of the vail of the sanc- 
tuary ; ' and the priest liath put of the blood 
on the horns of the altar of spice-perfume 
before Jehovah, which is in the tent of meet- 
ing, and all the blood of the bullock he doth 
pour out at the foundation of the altar of the 
tjurat-off'ering, which is at the opening of the 
tent of meeting. 

^ ' And all the fat of the bullock of the sin- 
offering he doth lift up from it, the fat which 
is covering over the inwards, and all the fa+ 
which is on the inwards, ^ and the two kid- 
neys, and the fat which is on them, which ii 
on the flanks, and the redundance above the 
liver, (beside the kidneys he doth turn it 
aside), ^^ as it is lifted up from the ox of the 
sacrifice of the peace-offerings ; and the priest 
hath made them a perfume on the altar of 
the burnt-oftering. 

" ' And the skin of the bullock, and all its 
flesh, besides its head, and besides its legs, 
and its inwards, and its dung — i-hc hath 
even brought out the whole bullock unto the 
outside of the camp, unto a clean place, unto 
the place of the pouring out of the ashes, 
and ne hath burnt it on the wood with Are ; 
beside the j^lace of the pouring out of the 
ashes it is bui-nt. 

^3 ' Ajid if the whole company of Israel err 
ignorantly, and the thing liath been hidden 
from the eyes of the assembly, and they have 
done something against one of all the com- 
mands of Jehovah concerning tilings wliich 
are not to be done, and have been guilty; 
" when the sin which they have sinned con- 
cerning it hath been known, then have the 
assembly brought near a bullock, a son of the 
herd, for a sin-ofl'eriug, and they have brought 
it in before the tent of meeting; ^^and the 
elders of the company have laid their hands 
on the head of the bullock, before Jehovali, 
and one hath slaughtered the buUock before 
Jehovah. 

1^ ' And the priest who is anointed hath 
brought in of the blood of the bullock unto 
the tent of meeting, ^'^and the priest hath 
dipped his finger m the blood, and hath 
sprinkled seven times before Jehovah at tlie 
front of the vail, ^^ and some of the blood he 
doth put on the horns of the altar which is 
before Jehovah, which is in the tent of meet- 
ing; and all the blood he doth pour out at 
the foundation of the altar of the burnt- 
offering, which is at the opening of the tent 
of meeting; ^^and all its fat he doth lift up 
from it, and hath made perfume on the altar. 

-" ' And he hath done to the bidlock as he 
hath done to the bullock of the sin-offering, 
so he doth to it; and the priest hath made 
atonement for them, and it hath lieen for- 
given them ; -^ and he hath brought out the 
bullock unto the outside of the camp, and 
hath burned it as he hath burned the first 
bullock ; it is a sin-offering of the assembly. 

2" 'When a prince doth sin, and hath done 
something against one of all the commands 
of Jehovah his God regarding things which 
are not to be done, through ignorance, and 
hath been guilty — --'or his sin wherein he 
hath sinned hath been made knowu unto him. 
then he hath brought in his offering, a kid 



Law of the sin-offermg. 



TV. 24.- LEVITICUS.— V. 17 



0/ the trespass-ojeriliff 



of the j^oats, a male, a jjerf ect one, -■* and lie 
hath laid his hand on the head of the goat, 
and hath slaughtered it in the place Avhere 
he doth slaughter the burnt-offering before 
Jehovah ; it is a sin-offering. 

2^ ' And the priest hath taken of the blood 
of the sin-offering with his finger, and hath 
put on the horns of the altar of the burnt- 
offering, and its blood he doth pour out at 
the foundation of the altar of the ournt-offer- 
ing, ^^and with all its fat he doth make 
jjerfiime on the altar, as the fat of the sacri- 
hce of the peace-offerings ; and the priest 
hath made atonement for him because of his 
sin, and it hath been forgiven him. 

-'' ' And if any person of the people of the 
land sin thi'ough ignorance, by his doing 
something against one of the commands of 
Jehovah regarding things which are not to 
be done, and hath been guilty — -°or his sin 
which he hath sinned hath been made known 
unto liim, then he hath brought in his offer- 
ing, a Idd of the goats, a perfect one, a fe- 
male, for his sin which he hath sinned, -'■' and 
he hath laid his hand on the head of the sin- 
offering, and hath slaughtered the sin-offer- 
ing in the place of the burnt-ofiferiug. 

^^ ' And the priest hath taken of its blood 
with his fingei', and hath put on the horns 
of the altar of the burnt-offering, and all its 
blood he doth pour out at the foimdation of 
the altar, ^^ and all its fat he doth tiu-n aside, 
as the fat hath been turned aside from off 
the sacrifice of the peace-offerings, and the 
priest hath made perfimie on the altar, for 
sweet fragrance to Jehovah; and the priest 
hath made atonement for him, and it hath 
been forgiven him. 

^" ' And if he bring in a sheep for his 
offering, for a sin-off "eringj a female, a per- 
fect one, he doth bring m, ^^and he hath 
laid his hand on the head of the sin-offer- 
ing, and hath slaughtered it for a sin-offer- 
ing in the place where he slaughtereth the 
burnt-offering. 

^■* ' And the priest hath taken of the blood 
of the sin-offering with his finger, and hath 
put on the horns of the altar of the bm'ut- 
offering, and all its blood he pom-eth out at 
the foimdation of the altar, ^^ and all its fat 
he tm-neth aside, as the fat of the sheep is 
tiu-ned aside from the sacrifice of the peace- 
offerings, and the priest hath made them a 
perfiime on the altar, according to the fire- 
offerings of Jehovah, and the priest hath 
made atonement for him, for his sin which 
he hath sinned, and it hath been forgiven 
him. 

V. 1 'AND when a person doth sin, and 
hath heard the voice of an oath, and he is 
witness, or hath seen, or hath known— if he 
declare not, then he hath borne his ini- 
quity : 

^ 'Or when a person cometh against any 
thing unclean, or against a carcase of an im- 
clean beast, or against a carcase of imclean 
cattle, or against a carcase of an imclean 
teeming creature, and it hath been hidden 
from him, and he unclean, and guilty ; 

■' ' Or when he cometh against imcleannesa 
of man, even any of his uucleanness whereby 



he IS unclean, and it hath been hidden from 
him, and he hath known, and hath been 
guilty 

■* ' Or when a person sweareth, speaking 
wi'ongfully with tne lips to do evil, or to do 
good, even anything which nan speaketh 
Aviongfully with an oath, and it hath been 
hid from him; — when he hath known then 
he hath been guilty of one of these ; 

^ 'And it hath been when he is giulty of 
one of these, that he hath confessed concern- 
ing that which he hath sinned, ^and hath 
brought in his wilt-offering to Jehovah for 
his sin which he nath sinned, a female out of 
the flock, a lamb, or a kid of the goats, for a 
sin-offering, and the priest hath made atone- 
ment for mm, because of his sin. 

^ ' And if his hand reach not to the suffi- 
ciency of a lamb, then he hath brought in 
his guilt-offering — he who hath sinned — two 
turtle-doves or two young pigeons to Jeho- 
vah, one for a sin-offering, and one for a 
bumt-offering ; ^and he hath brought them 
in unto the priest, and hath brought near 
that which is for a sin-offermg first, and 
hath -wrung off its head from its neck, and 
doth not separate it, ^ and he hath sprinkled 
of the blood of the sin-offering on the side of 
the altar, and that which is left of the blood 
is wiimg out at the foimdation of the altar ; 
it is a sin-offering. 

1" 'And the second he maketh a burnt- 
offering, according to the ordinance, and the 
priest hath made atonement for him, because 
of his sin which he hath sinned, and it hath 
been forgiven him. 

11 'And if his hand reach not to two tiuile- 
doves, or to two young pigeons, then he hath 
brought in his offering — he who hath sinned 
— a tenth of an ephah of floiu' for a sin- 
offering ; he putteth no oil on it, nor doth he 
put on it frankincense, for it is a sin-offer- 
ing, i"and he hath brought it in unto the 
priest, and the priest hath taken a handful 
from it — the fulness of his hand — its memo- 
rial — and hath made 7jerfume on the altar, 
according to the lire- offerings of Jehovah ; it 
is a sin-offering. 

1* 'And the priest hath made atonement 
for him, for his sin which he hath sinned 
against one of these, and it hath been for- 
given him, and the remnant hath been to the 
priest, like the present.' 

!■* And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, 1^ ' When a person committeth a trespass, 
and hath sinned through ignorance against 
the holy things of Jehovah, then he hath 
brought in his guilt-offering to Jehovah, a 
ram, a perfect one, out of the flock, at 1;hy 
valuation in silver — shekels by the sliekel of 
the sanctuary — for a guilt -offering. 

!•* 'And that which he hath sinned against 
the holy thing he rejiayeth, and its fifth is 
adding to it, and hath given it to the priest, 
and the priest maketh atonement for him 
with the ram of the guilt-offering, and it 
hath been forgiven him. 

1'' ' And when any person sinneth, and hath 
done something against one of all the com- 
mands of Jehovah regarding things which 
are not to be done, and hath not known, 



Law of the hurat-offering. 



V. 18.— LiSVITICtJS.— VII. 8. Present ana trespass-offerings. 



and he hath been guilty, and hath borne his 
iniquity, 

'8 'Then he hath brought in a ram, a per- 
fect one, out of the flock, at thy valuation, 
for a guilt-offering, unto the priest ; and the 
priest hath made atonement for him, for his 
Ignorance in which he hath erred and he hath 
not known, and it hath been forgiven him • 
^ it is a guilt-offering ; he hath been certainly 
guilty before Jehovah.' 

VL 1 AND Jehovah speaketh imto Moses, 
saying, ^ 'When any person doth sin, and 
hath committed a trespass against Jehovah, 
and hath lied to his fellow concerning a de- 
posit, or concerning fellowship, or concerning 
violent robbeiy, or nath oppressed his fellow; 
3 or hath foimd a lost thing, and hath lied 
concerning it, and hath sworn to a falsehood, 
concerning one of all these which man doth, 
sinning in them : 

* ' Then it hath been, when he sinneth, and 
hath been guilty, that he hath returned the 
plunder which he hath taken violently away, 
or the thing which he hath got by oppres- 
sion, or the deposit which hath been depo- 
sited with him, or the lost thing which he 
hath found ; ^ or all that concerning which 
he sweareth falsely, he hath even repaid it 
in its principal, and its fifth he is adding to 
it ; to him whose it is he giveth it in the day 
of his guilt-offering. 

* ' And his guilt-offering he bringeth in to 
Jehovah, a ram, a perfect one, out of the 
flock, at thy estimation, for a guilt-offering, 
unto the priest, ^and the priest hath made 
atonement for him before Jehovah, and it 
hath been forgiven him, concerning one 
thing of all that he doth, by being guilty 
therein.' 

8 And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, 3 'Command Aaron and his sons, saying, 
This is a law of the burnt-offering (it is the 
burnt-offering, because of tlie burning on the 
altar all the night imto the morning, and 
the fire of the altar is burning on it,) i" that 
the priest hath put on liis long robe of fine 
lineUj and his fine linen trousers he doth put 
on his flesh, and hath lifted up the ashes 
which the lire consumcth with the burnt- 
offering on the altar, and hath put them 
near the altar ; ^^ and he hath stripped off 
his garments, and hatli put on other gar- 
ments, and hath brought out the ashes im- 
to the outside of the camp, unto a clean 
place. 

1- ' And the fire on the altar is burning on 
it, it is not quenched, and the priest hath 
burned on it wood morning by morning, and 
hath arranged on it the burnt-oliering, and 
hath made perfume on it with the fat of the 
peace-offerings ; ^^ fire is continually burning 
on the altar, it is not quenched. 

'■* ' And this is a law of tlie present : 
sons of Aaron have brought it near before 
Jehovah unto the front of the altar, I'and 
one hath lifted up of it with his hand from 
the flour of the present, and from its oil, 
and all the frankincense which is on the 
present, and hath made perfiune on the 
altar, sweet fragrance— its memorial to Je- 
hovah. 

70 



'" 'And the remnant of it do Aaron and 
his sons eat ; with imleavened things it is 
eaten, in the holy place, in the court of the 
tent of meeting they do eat it. ^^ It is not 
baken with any thing fermented, their portion 
I have given it, out of My fire-offerings ; it is 
most holy, like the sin-offering, and like the 
guilt-offenng. ^^ Every male among the sons 
of Aaron doth eat it — a statute age-during 
to your generations, out of the fire-offerings 
of Jehovah: all that cometh against them 
is holy.' 

18 And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, ^^ 'This is an offering of Aaron and of 
]iis sons, which they bring near to Jehovah 
in the day of his being anointed ; a tenth 
of the ephah of flour for a continual present, 
half of it in the morning, and half of it in the 
evening ; ^i on a girdel with oil it is made — 
fried thou dost bring it in ; baked pieces of 
the present thou dost bring near, a sweet 
fragrance to Jehovah. 

"'- ' And tlie priest who is anointed in his 
stead, from among his sons, doth make it, — 
a statute age-durmg of Jehovah : it is com- 
pletely perfumed; ^ a.nA every present of a 
priest is a whole bumt-offenng; it is not 
eaten.' 

^ And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, ^ ' &neak unto Aaron and unto his sons, 
saying. This is a law of the sin-offering: in 
the place where the burnt-offering is slaugh- 
tered is the sin-offering slaughtered before 
Jehovah ; it is most holy. 

J^ 'The priest who is making atonement 
with it doth eat it, in the holy place it is 
eaten, in the court of the tent of rneeting ; 
''^all that cometh against its flesh is holy, 
and when any of its blood is sprinkled on 
the garment, that on which it is sprinkled 
thou dost wash in the holy place ; -° and an 
earthen vessel in which it is boiled is 
broken, and if in a brass vessel it is boiled, 
then it is scoured and rinsed with water. 

'"* ' Every male among the priests doth cat 
it— it is most holy ; 2* and no sin-offering, any 
of whose blood is brought in unto the tent of 
meeting to make atonement in the sanctuary 
is eaten ; with fire it is burnt. 

VIL 1 ' AND this is a law of the guilt- 
offering: it is most holy; "in the ijlaco where 
they slaughter the bm-nt-offeriug thov do 
slaughter the guilt-offering, and its blood 
one doth sprinkle on the altar round about, 
^ and all its fat ho bringeth near out of it, 
the fat tail, and the fat which is covering 
the inwards, •* and the two kidneys, and the 
fat which is on them, which is on the flanks, 
and the redundance above the liver (beside 
the kidneys he doth turn it aside) ; " and 
the priest hath made them a perfume on the 
altar, a lire-offering to Jehovah ; it w a guilt- 
offering. 

" ' Every male among the priests doth eat it ; 
in the holy place it is eaten — it is most holy ; 
^as is a sin-offering, so is a guilt-offering; one 
law is for them ; the priest who maketli atone- 
ment by it — it is his. 

8 ' And the ])riest who is bringing near any 
man's burnt-offering, the skin of the burnt- 
offering which he hath brought near, it is the 



Law of tht peace-offering. vii. 9.— LEVITICUS.— viii. 13. 



The priest's portiotK 



priest's, liis o^\ti ; ° and every present wliich is 
baked in an oven, and every one done in a 
frying-pan, and on a girdel, is the priest's who 
is bringing it near ; it is his ; ^^ and every pre- 
sent, mixed with oil or di-y, is for all the sons 
of Aaron— one as another. 

^1 ' And this is a law of the sacrifice of the 
peace-offerings which 07ie bringeth near to Je- 
hovah : ^^ if for a thank-offering he bring it 
near, then he hath brought near with the 
sacrifice of thank-otfering unleavened cakes 
mixed with oil, and thin unleavened cakes 
anointed with oil, and of fried Hour cakes 
mixed with oil ; ^'^ besides the cakes, fermented 
bread he doth bring near ivith his ofl'eriug, 
besides the sacrifice of thank-ofieiTug of his 
peace-offerings ; ^'^ and he hath brought near 
out of it one of the whole offering — a heave- 
offering to Jehovah ; to the priest who is 
sprinkling the blood of the peace-offerings — it 
is his; ^' as to the flesh of tlie sacrifice of the 
thank-offering of his peace-offerings, in the 
day of his offering it is eaten ; he doth not 
leave of it till morning. 

1® ' And if the sacrifice of his offering is a 
vow or free-will offering, in the day of his 
bringing near his sacrifice it is eaten ; and on 
the moiTow also the remnant of it is eaten ; 
^^and the remnant of the flesh of the sacrifice 
on the third day with fire is burnt ; ^^ and if 
any of the flesh of the saciifice of his peace- 
ofl'eriugs be really eaten on the third day, it 
"s not pleasing ; for him who is Ininging it 
near it is not reckoned ; it is an abominable 
thing, and the person who is eating of it 
his iniquity doth bear. 

'^ ' And the flesh which cometli against any 
unclean thing is not eaten; with fire it is 
burnt; as to the flesh, every clean one doth 
eat of the flesh ; "" and the person who eateth 
of the flesh of the sacrifice of the peace-offer- 
ings which are Jehovah's, and his uncleanness 
upon him, even that person hath been ciit off 
from liis people. 

^1 ' And when a person cometh against any 
thing unclean, of the uncleanness of man, or of 
the uncleanness of beasts, or of any unclean 
teeming creature, and hath eaten of the flesh 
of the sacrifice of the peace-offerings Avliicli 
are Jehovah's, even that person hath been 
cut off from his people.' 

"^ And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, 23 ' Speak unto the sons of Israel, saying. 
Any fat of ox and sheep and goat ye do not 
eat ; -* and the fat of a carcase, and the fat of 
a torn thing is prepared for any work, but ye 
do certainly not eat it ; "'' for whoever eateth 
the fat of the beast, of which 07ie bringeth 
near a fire-offering to Jehovah, even the per- 
son who eateth hath been cut ofl' from his 
people. 

-^ ' And any blood ye do not eat in all your 
dwellings, of fowl, or of beast ; ^ any person 
who eateth any blood, even that person hath 
been cut oft' from his people.' 

-^And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, 2» 'Speak unto the sons of Israel, saying. 
He who IS bringing near tlie sacrifice of his 
peace-offerings to Jehovah doth bring in his 
offering to Jehovah from the sacrifice of his 
peace-offerings ; ^^ his own hands do bring in 



the fire-offerings of Jehovah, the fat beside the 
breast, it he doth bring in with the breast, to 
wave it — a wave-offering before Jehovah. 

'■^^ ' And the priest hath made perfume with 
the fat on the altar, and the breast hath been 
Aaron's and his sons ; 3- and the right leg ye 
do rnake a heave-ofl'ering to the pnest of the 
sacrifices of your peace-offerings ; ^■^ lie of the 
sons of Aaron who is bringing near the blood 
of tiie peace-offerings, and the fat, his is the 
right leg for a portion. 

^* ' For the breast of the wave-offering, and 
the leg of the heave-offering, I have taken from 
the sons of Israel, from the sacrifices of their 
peace-offerings, and I give them to Aaron the 
priest, and to his sons, by a statute age-dui-- 
ing, from the sous of Israel.' 

^^ This is the anointing of Aaron, and the 
anointing of his sons out of the fire-offerings 
of Jehovah, in the day lie hath brought them 
near to act as priest to Jehovah, ^^ which Je- 
hovah liath commanded to give to them in the 
day of His anointing them, from the sons of 
Israel — a statute agediuing to their genera- 
tions. 

37 This is the law for burnt-offering, for pre- 
sent, and for sin-offering, and for guilt-offer- 
ing, and for consecrations, and for a sacrifice 
of the peace-offerings, ^^ which Jehovah hath 
commanded Moses in Mount Sinai, in the day 
of his commaudin;^ the sons of Israel to bring 
near their offerings to Jehovah, in the wilder- 
ness of Sinai. 

VIII. 1 AND Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, 
saying, - ' Take Aaron and his sons with him. 
and tlie garments, and the anointing oil, and 
the bullock of the sin-offering, and the two 
rams, and the basket of unleavened things, 
** and all the comi^any assemble thou unto the 
opening of the tent of meeting.' 

^And Moses doth as Jehovah hatli com- 
manded him, and the company is assembled 
imto the opening of the tent of meeting, '' and 
Moses saitii imto the company, ' This is the 
thing which Jehovah hath commanded to do.' 

"And Moses bringeth near Aaron and his 
sons, and doth bathe them with Avater, " and 
doth put on him the coat, and doth gird him 
with the girdle, and doth clothe him with the 
upper robe, and doth put on iiim the epliod, 
and doth gird him with the gii-dle of the 
ephod, and doth bind it to him with it, ^ and 
doth put on him the breastjilate, and doth put 
unto the breastplate the Lights and tlie Per- 
fections, ^and doth j)ut the mitre on his 
head, and doth put on the mitre, over-against 
its front, the golden flower of the holy crown, 
as Jehovah hath commanded Moses. 

1" And Moses taketli the anointing oil, and 
auoiuteth the tabernacle, and all that is in it, 
and sauctifieth them ; " and he spriukleth of 
it on the altar seven times, and anointeth the 
altar, and aU its vessels, and the laver, and 
its base, to sanctify them ; ^~ and he poureth 
of the anointing oil on the head of Aaron, 
i\.m\ anointeth him to sanctify him. 

13 And Moses bringeth near the sons of 
Aaron, and doth clothe them witJi coats, and 
girdctli them with gircUes, and bindeth for 
them turbans, as Jehovah hath commanded 
Moses. 

71 



Aaron and his sons 



vTii. 14. -LEVITICUS.— IX. 16. 



are contecrated. 



1* And lie bringetli uif;li the bullock of the 
sin-otferiag, and Aaron layeth — liis sons also 
—their hands on the head of the bullock of 
the sin-offering, '•'' and one slaxiglitereth, and 
Moses taketh tlie blood, and piitteth on the 
horns of the altar round about with hia finger, 
and cleanseththe altar, and the blood he hath 
poured out at the foundation of the altar, and 
sanctiHeth it, to make atonement upon it. 

1^ And he taketh all the fat that is on the 
inwards, and the redundance above the liver, 
and the two kidneys, and their fat, and Moses 
maketh perfume on the altar, i^ and the bul- 
lock, and its skin, and its flesh, and its dung, 
he hath burnt ^vith fire, at the outside of the 
camp, as Jehovah hath commanded Moses. 

^®And he bringeth near the ram of the 
burnt-offering, and Aaron and his sons lay 
their hands on the head of the ram, ^^ and one 
slaughtereth, and Moses spriukleth the blood 
on the altar round about; -"and the ram he 
hath cut into its ydeccs, and Moses maketh 
perfume with the head, and the pieces, and 
the fat, -1 and the inwards and the legs he 
hath washed with water, and Moses maketh 
perf lune with the whole ram on the altar ; it 
is a burnt-offering, for sweet fragrance ; it is a 
fire-offering to Jehovah, as Jehovah hath com- 
manded Moses. 

" And he bringeth near the second ram, a 
ram of the consecrations, and Aaron and his 
sons lay their hands on the head of the ram, 
^'' and one slaughtereth, and Moses taketh of 
its blood, and putteth on the tip of the right 
ear of Aaron, and on the thumb of his i-ight 
hand, and on the .great toe of his right foot ; 
^and he bringeth near the sons of Aaron, 
and Moses putteth of the blood on the tip of 
their right ear, and on the tliimib of their 
right hand, and on the great toe of their right 
foot. 

And Moses spriuldeth the blood on the altar 
round about, "-^ aud taketh the fat, and the 
fat tail, aud all the fat that is on the inwards, 
aud the redundance above the liver, and the 
two kidneys, and their fat, and the right leg; 
-'■ and out of the l>asket of unleavened things, 
which is before Jehovah, he hath taken one 
uuleavened cake, and one cake of oiled bread, 
aud one thin calce, aud putteth them on the 
fat, and on the right leg; -"and putteth the 
whole on the hands of Aaron, and on the 
hands of liis sons, and wavcth them- a wave- 
offering before Jehovah. 

-** And Closes taketh them from off their 
hands, aud maketh iK-rfumc on the altar, on 
the burnt-offering, they arc consecrations for 
.sweet fi'agi'ancc; it is a fire-offering to Je- 
hovah; -"and Moses taketh the breast, and 
wavcth it — a wave-offering l)uforc Jehovah; 
of the ram of the consecrations it hath been 
to Moses for a portion, as Jehovah hath com- 
manded Moses. 

■'"And Moses taketh of the anointing oil, 
and of the blood which is on the altar, and 
spriukleth on Aaron, on his garments, aud on 
his sons, and on the garments of his sons with 
liim, aud he satictifieth Aaron, his garments, 
and his sous, aud the garments of his sous 
with him. 

■"And Moses saitli unto Aaron, and unto 



his sons, ' Boil ye the fie.sh at the opening ol 
the tent of meeting, and there ye do eat it and 
the bread which is in the basket of the conse- 
crations, as I have commanded, saying, Aaron 
and his sons do eat it. 

^'•^ ' And the remnant of the flesh and of the 
bread with lire ye bum ; ^^ and from the open- 
ing of the tent of meeting ye go not out seven 
days, till the day of the fulness, the days of 
your consecration — for seven days he doth 
consecrate your hand ; ^ as he hath done on 
this day, Jehovah hath commanded to do, to 
make atonement for you; ^'and at the open- 
ing of the tent of meeting ye abide, by day 
and by night seven days, and ye have kept 
tlie charge of Jehovah, and die not, for so I 
have been commanded.' 

'*'' And Aaron doth — his sons also — all the 
things which Jehovah hath commanded by the 
hand of Moses. 

IX. 1 AND it cometh to pass on the eighth 
day, Moses hath called for Aaron and for 
his sons, aud for the elders of Israel, - and be 
saith unto Aaron, ' Take to thyself a calf, a 
son of the herd, for a sin-offering, and a ram 
for a burnt-offering, iierfect ones, and bring 
near before Jehovah. 

^ ' And unto the sons of Israel thou dost 
speak, saying. Take ye a lud of the goats for 
a sin-offering, and a calf, and a lamb, sons of 
a year, perfect ones, for a burnt-offering, * aud 
a biillock and a ram for peace-ott'erings, to 
sacrifice before Jehovah, and a jiresent mixed 
with oil; for to-day Jehovah hath appeared 
unto you.' 

^And they take that which Moses hath 
commanded unto the front of the tent of meet- 
ing, and all the company draw near and stand 
before Jehovah ; "and Moses saith, 'This is the 
thing which Jehovah hath commanded ; do it, 
aud the honour of Jehovah doth appear unto 
you.' 

^ And Moses saith imto Aaron, ' Draw near 
unto the altar, aud make thy sin-offering, and 
thy burnt-oircriug, and make atouement for 
thyself, and for the peo]de, and make the 
offering of the people, and make atonement 
for them, as Jchovali hath commanded.' 

8 And Aaron draweth near unto the altar, 
and slaughtereth the calf of the sin-offering, 
which is for himself ; " and the sons of Aaron 
bring the blood near imto him, and he dippeth 
liis finger in the blood, and putteth it on the 
horns of the altar, and the blood he liath 
poured out at the foundation of the altar; 
"'and the fat, and the kidneys, and the re- 
dundance of the liver, of the sin-offering, ho 
hath made a ])crfunieon the altar, as Jehovah 
hath commanded Moses ; " aud the ilesh and 
the skin he hath burnt with fire, at the out- 
side of the camp. 

^- And he slaughtereth the burnt-offering, 
aud the sons of Aai'on have presented unto 
him the lilood, and he sprinkletli it on the 
altar round about; "auJ the burnt-offering 
tliey have presented unto him. Ity its pieces, 
;ind the head, and lie umkotli iicrfiimc on the 
altar; '•'and lie washcth the inwards and the 
legs, aud maketh perfume for the burut-offer- 
ing on flic altar. 

'■'And liu bringeth near the offering of the 



S^adah and A bihu slain. 



IX.16,— LEVITICUS. -XL 9. 



Beasts t/iat viay be eaten. 



people, andtaketh the goac of the sin-offering 
which is for the people, ana slaughtered it, 
and maketh it a sin offering, like the first; 
1^ and he bringeth near the burnt-offering, and 
maketh it, according to the ordinance ; ^'^ and 
he bringeth near the present, and filleth his 
palm with it, and maketh perfume on the 
altar, apart from the burnt-offering of the 
morning. 

^8 And he slaughtereth the bullock and the 
ram, a sacrifice of the peace-offerings, which 
ure for the people, and sous of Aaron pre- 
sent the blood imto him (and he sprinkletn it 
on the altar roimd about), ^^ and the fat of the 
bullock, and of the ram, the fat tail, and the 
covering of tlie iniuards, and the kidneys, and 
the redundance above the liver, -" and they 
set the fat on the breasts, and he maketh per- 
fume with the fat on the altar ; -^ and the 
breasts, and the right leg hath Aaron waved 
— a wave-offering before Jehovah, as He hath 
commanded Moses. 

"- And Aaron lifteth up his hand towards 
the people, and blesseth them, and cometh 
down from making the sin-offering, and the 
burnt-offering, and the peace-offerings. 

^And Moses goeth in — Aaron also — unto 
the tent of meeting, and they come out, and 
bless the people, and the honour of Jehovah 
appcareth unto all the people; ^and fire 
cometh out from before Jehovah, and con- 
siuneth on the altar the burnt-offering, and 
the fat ; and aU the people see, and cry aloud, 
and fall on their faces. 

X. ^AND the sons of Aaron, Nadab and 
Abihu, take each Ms censer, and. put in them 
tire, and put on it perfume, and bring near 
before Jehovah strange fire, which He hath 
not commanded them ; - and fire goeth out 
from before Jehovah, and cousumeth thsm, 
and they die before Jehovah. 

^ And Moses saith unto Aaron, ' It is that 
which Jehovah hath sj^oken, saying, By those 
drawing near to Me I am sanctified, and in 
the face of all the people I am honoured;' 
and Aaron is silent. 

* And Moses caEeth unto Mishael and imto 
Elzaphan, sons of Uzziel, uncle of Aaron, 
and saith imto them, ' Come near, bear your 
brethren from the front of the sanctiiary 
onto the outside of the camp;' ''and they 
come near, and bear them m their coats 
unto the outside of the camp, as Moses hath 
spoken. 

^ And Moses saith unto Aaron, and to 
Eleazar, and to Ithamar his sons, ' Your 
heads ye do not uncover, and your garments 
ye do not rend, that ye die not, and on all 
the company He be wroth ; as to yom- breth- 
ren, the whole house of Israel, they bewail 
the burning which Jehovah hath kindled ; 
^ and from the opening of the te^t of meet- 
ing ye do not go out, lest ye die, for the 
anointing oil of Jehovah is upon you;' and 
they do according to the word of Moses. 

^AndJ&hovah speaketh imto Aaron, say- 
ing, '■' ' Wine and strong di-ink thou dost not 
drink, thou, and thy sous with thee, in yom* 
going in unto the tent of meeting, and ye 
die not — a statute ago-dm-ing to youi- genera- 
tions • 1' so us to maJie a separation between 



the holy and the common, and between tha 
imclean and the i)are ; ^^ and to teach the 
sons of Israel all the statutes which Jeho- 
vah hath spoken unto them by the hand of 
Moses.' 

^"And Moses speaketh unto Aaron, and 
unto Eleazar, and unto Ithamar his sons, 
who are left, 'Take ye the present that is 
left from the fire-offerings of Jehovah, and 
eat it unleavened near the altar, for it is 
most holy, I'^and ye have eaten it in the 
holy place, for it Is thy portion, and the por- 
tion of thy sons, from the fire-offerings of Je- 
hovah ; for so I have been commanded. 

I'^'And the breast of the wave-offering, and 
the leg of the heave-offering, ye do eat in a 
clean place, thou, and thy sons, and thy 
daughters with thee ; for thy portion and 
the portion of thy sons they have been 
given, out of the sacrifices of peace-offerings 
of the sons of Israel ; ^^ the leg of the heave- 
offering, and breast of the wave-offering, be- 
sides fire-offerings of the fat, they do bring 
in to wave a wave-offering before Jehovah, 
and it hath been to thee, and to thy sons with 
thee, by a statute age-during, as Jehovah 
hath commanded.' 

IS And the goat of the sin-offering hath 
Moses diligently sought, and lo, it is burnt, 
and he is wroth against Eleazar, and against 
Ithamar, sons of Aaron, who are left, say- 
ing, 1^ ' Wherefore have ye not eaten the sin- 
offering in the holy i^lace, for it is most 
holy— and it He hath given to you to take 
away the iniquity of the company, to make 
atonement for them before Jehovah ? ^^ lo, 
its blood hath not been brought in unto the 
holy place within ; eating ye do eat it in the 
holy place, as I have commanded.' 

^^ And Aaron speaketh imto Moses, ' Lo, 
to-day they have brought near their sin- 
offering and their burnt-offering before Je- 
hovah ; and things like these meet me, yet 
I have eaten a sin-offering to-day ; is it good 
in the eyes of Jehovah ?' -*• And Moses hear- 
keneth, and it is good in his eyes. 

XL lAND Jehovah speaketh imto Moses 
and imto Aaron, saying unto them, - ' Speak 
unto the sons of Israel, saying. This is the 
beast which ye do eat out of all the beasts 
which are on the eai-th : ^ any dividing a 
hoof, and cleaving the cleft of the hoofs, 
bringing up the cud, among the beasts, it ye 
do eat. 

^ ' Only, this ye do not eat— of those bring- 
ing up the cud, and of those dividing the 
hoof— the camel, though it is bringing up the 
cud, yet the hoof not dividing — it is imclean 
to you ; 5 and the rabbit, though it is bring- 
ing up the cud, yet the hoof it divideth not — 
unclean it is to you ; " and the hare, though 
it is bringing up the cud, yet the hoof hath 
not divided— unclean it is to you ; '' and the 
sow, though it is dividing the hoof, and cleav- 
ing the cleft of the hoof, yet the cud it bring- 
eth not u]>^uuclean it is to you. 

s ' Of their flesh yo do not eat, and against 
their carcase ye do not come— unclean they 
are to you. 

^ ' This ye do eat of all which are in the 
waters: any one that hath fins and scales in 
73 



Clean atul unclean animals. xi. 10.— LEVITICUS. — xii. 7. 



Female purificatimis. 



the waters, in the seas, and in the brooks, 
them ye do eat ; '"^aiul any one that liath not 
fins and scales in the seas, and in the brooks, 
of any teeming creature of the waters, and 
of any creature wliich liveth, which is in the 
waters — an abomination they are to you ; 
^1 yea, an abomination thev are to you ; of 
their flesh ye do not eat, and their carcase ye 
abominate. 

'- ' Any one that hath not fins and scales in 
the waters— an abomination it is to you. 

^•* ' And these ye do abominate of the fowl ; 
they are not eaten, an abomination they are : 
the eaalo, and the ossifrage, and the ospray, 
^' and the \-iilture, and the Icitc after its kind, 
'' every raven after its kind, ^'' and the owl, 
and the night-hawk, and the cuckoo, and the 
hawk after its kind, I'and the little owl, 
and tlie cormorant, and the great owl, '^ j^mj 
the swan, and the pelican, and the gier eagle, 
^■•and the stork, tlie heron after its land, 
and the lap-wing, and the bat. 

-" ' Every teeming creature which is fijnng, 
which is going on four — an abomination it is 
to you. 

-} ' Only — tliis j^e do eat of any teeming 
thing which is flying, which is going on four, 
which hath legs above its feet, to move ^vith 
them on the earth ; --these of them ye do 
eat : the locust after its land, and the bald 
locust after its kind, and the beetle after 
its kind, and the grasshopper after its land ; 
-■*and every teeming tiling which is fljang, 
which hath four feet — an abomination it is 
to you. 

^ ' And by these ye are made unclean, any 
one who is coming against their carcase is im- 
clean till the evening; ^and anyone who is lift- 
ing up aught of their carcase doth wash his 
garments, and hath been unclean till the 
evening : — -•' Q\ea every beast which is divid- 
ing the hoof, and is not cloven-footed, and 
the cud is not bringing up — luiclean they are 
to you; any one wlio is coming against them is 
imclean. 

^ ' And any one going, on its paws, among aU 
the beasts which are going on four — imclean 
they are to you ; any one who is coming against 
their carcase is unclean until the evening; 
^ and he who is lifting ux) tlieir carcase dotli 
wash his garments, and hath been imclean 
until the evening — unclean they are to you. 

^'And this is to you the imclean among 
the teeming things which ai-e teeming on the 
earth: the weasel, and the mouse, and the 
tortoise after its kind, 3" and the ferret, and 
the chameleon, and the lizard, and the snail, 
and the mole; '■*' these are the imclean to you 
among all which are teeming ; any one who is 
coming against them in their death is unclean 
till the evening. 

^'•''And anything on which anyone of them 
falleth, in their death, is unclean, of any 
vessel of wood or garment or skin or sack, 
any vessel in which work is done is brought 
into water, and hath been unclean till the 
evening, then it hath been clean; ■^^ and any 
earthen vessel, into the midst of which any 
one of them falleth, all that is in its midst is 
niiclean, and it yo do break. 

*• ' Of all the food which is eaten, that on 
74 



which Cometh suck water, is unclean, and all 
ilrink which is drunk in any such vessel is 
unclean; ■^^and anything on which any of 
their carcase falleth is unclean (oven or double 
pots), it is broken down, unclean they are, 
yea, imclean they are to you. 

■*'' ' Only — a fountain or pit. a collection of 
water, is clean, but that which is coming 
against their carcase is unclean ; ^^ and when 
any of their carcase falleth on any so^vu seed 
which is sowm — it is clean ; ^* and when water 
is put on the seed, and any of its carcase 
hath fallen on it — unclean it is to you. 

^■' ' And when any of the beasts which are 
to you for food dieth, he who is coming 
against its carcase is imclean till the evening ; 
■■"and he who is eatin" of its carcase doth 
^vash his garments, and hath been unclean 
till the evening ; and he who is lifting up its 
carcase doth wash his garments, and hath 
been unclean till the evening. 

■" 'And every teeming thing which is teem- 
ing on the earth is an abomination, it is not 
eaten ;_ '*2 any thing going on the belly, and 
any going on fom% unto every midtiplier of 
feet, to every teeming thing which is teeming 
on the earth — ye do not eat them, for they 
are an abomination ; "'■' ye do not make yoiu"- 
selves abominable -with any teeming thing 
which is teeming, nor do ye make yourselves 
unclean with them, so that ye have been un- 
clean thereby. 

■^ ' For I ani Jehovali your God, and ye 
have sanctified yourselves, and ye have been 
holy, for I am holy; and ye do uot defile 
your persons with any teeming thing which 
is creeping on the earth ; ■*'' for I am Jehovah 
who am bringing you up out of the land of 
Egypt to become your God ; and ye have 
been holy, for T am holy. 

^ 'Tliis is a law of the beasts, and of the 
fowlj and of every li^'ing creature which is 
moving in the waters, and of every creature 
which is teeming on the earth, •*" to make 
se]:iaration between the unclean and the pure, 
and between the beast that is eaten, and the 
beast that is not eaten.' 

XIL 1 AND Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, 
saying, -'Speak unto the sons of Israel, say 
ing, A woman when she giveth seed, and hath 
born a male, then she hath been unclean 
seven davs, according to tlie days of separa- 
tion for her sickness she is unclean ; ^ and 
in the eighth day is the Hcsh of his foreskin 
circumcised ; •• and thirty and three day.s 
she doth abide in the blood of her cleansing ; 
against any holy thing she doth not come, 
and imto the sanctuary she doth not go in, 
till the fulness of the days of her cleansing. 

^ ' And if a female she bear, then she hath 
been imclean two weeks, as in lier sejiara- 
tion- and sixty and six days slie doth abide 
for the blood of her cleansing. 

^ ' And in the fulness of the days of her 
cleansing for son or for daughter she doth 
bring in a lamb, a son of a year, for a burut- 
ollering, and a young ])igeou or a turtle-dove 
for a sin-olForing, unto the opening of the 
tent of meeting, unto the i)riest; "and ho 
hath brought it near before Jehovah, and 
hath made atonement for hor, and she hatii 



(Jerevwniai ptmfication. 



been cleansed from the fountain of lier blood ; 
this is the law of her who is bearing, in re- 
gard to a male or to a female. 

8 'And if her hand tind not the suflicieuey 
of a sheep, then she hath taken two turtle- 
doves, or two youns pigeons, one for a burnt- 
offering, and one for a sin-offering, and the 
Eriest hath made atonement for her, and she 
ath been cleansed.' 

XIII. ^ AND Jehovah speak etli unto Moses, 
and unto Aaron, saying, - ' When a man hath 
in the skin of his ilesh a rising, or scab, or 
bright spot, and it hath become in the skin 
of his flesh a leprous pla.gue, then he hath 
been brought in unto Aaron the priest, or 
unto one of his sons the jiriests ; ^ and the 
priest hath seen the plague in the skin of the 
flesh, and the hair in the X)lague hath turned 
white, and the appearance of the plague is 
deeper than the skin of his flesh — it is a plague 
of leprosy, and the priest hath seen him, and 
hath pronounced him unclean. 

* ' And if the bright spot is white in the skin 
of his flesh, and its appearance is not deeper 
than the skin, and its hair hath not turned 
white, then hath the priest shut up him ivho 
hath the i^lague seven days. 

^ ' And the priest hath seen him on the 
seventh day, and lo, the plagiie liatli stood in 
his eyes, the plague hath not spread in the 
Bkiu, and the priest hath shut him up a second 
seven days. 

® ' And the priest hath seen him on the 
second seventh day, and lo, the plague is be- 
come weak, and tlie plague hath not spread 
m the skin— and the priest hath pronounced 
him clean, it is a scab, and he hath washed 
his garments, and hath been clean. 

^ ' And if the scab spread greatly in the 
skin, after his being seen by the jiriest for his 
cleansing, then he hath been seen a second 
time by the priest ; ^ and the priest hath seen, 
and lo, the scab hath spread in the skin, and 
the priest hath pronounced him unclean; it is 
leprosy. 

* ' When a plague of leprosy is in a man, 
then he hath been brought in unto the priest, 
'1 and the priest hath seen, and lo, a white 
rising in the skin and it hath turned the hair 
white, and a qiuckening of raw ilesh is in tlie 
rising, — 11 an old leprosy it is in the skin of 
his ilesh, and the jjriest hath pronoimced hina 
unclean ; he doth not shut him up, for he t6" 
unclean. 

1^ 'And if the leprosy break out gi'eatly 
iu tlie skin, and the leprosy hath covered all 
the skin of Jdm toko hath the plague, from his 
lieail even imto liis feet, to all that appeareth 
to the eyes of the priest, ^ then hath tlie yriest 
seen, and lo, the leprosy hath covered all his 
flesh, and he hath pronounced hiin who hath 
the plagiie clean ; it hath all tiu-ued white ; 
he w clean. 

^* ' And in the day of raw flesh being seen 
in him he is imcleaa ; i^and the pi-iest hath 
seen the raw fiesli, and hath pronounced 
him unclean ; the raw Hesh is unclean, it is 
leprosy. ^''Or when the raw Ilesh turneth 
back, and liath been turned to white, then 
ne hath come iu unto the ijriest, ■''' and the 
luritist hath seen hini, and lo, the plague hath 



XII. 8.— LEVITICUS. — XIII. 34. Law concerning leprosy. 

heen turned to white, and the priest hath 
pronounced clean him ivho hath the plague 
he is clean. 

18 ' And when flesh hath in it, in its skin, 
an ulcer, and it hath been healed, i"and 
there hath been iu the place of the ulcer a 
wliite rising, or a bright white spot, very 
red, then it hath been seen by the priest, 
-"and the priest hath seen, and lo, its ap- 
pearance is lower than the skin, and its hair 
hath turned white, and the priest hath pro- 
nounced him unclean ; it is a. plagiie of lep- 
rosy—in an vlcev it hath broken out. 

"1 'And if the ])riest see it, and lo, there is 
no white hair in it, and it is not lower than 
the skin, and is become weak, then hath the 
priest shut him up seven days; -^and if it 
spread greatly iu the skin, then hath the 
priest pronounced him imclean, it is a. plague; 
'^'■^ and if in its place the bright spot stay— it 
hath not spread— it is an inflammation of 
the ulcer; and the priest hath pronoimced 
him clean. 

^ 'Or when Hesh hath in its skin a fiery 
burning, and the (juickening of the burn- 
ing, the bright white spot, hath been very 
red or white, -'and the priest hath seen it, 
and lo, the hair hath turned white in the 
bright siiot, and its appearance is deeper 
than the skin ; leprosy it is, in the burn- 
ing it hath broken out, and the priest hath 
pronounced him imclean; it is a plague of 
leprosy. 

^ ' And if the priest see it, and lo, there is 
no white hair on the bright spot, and it is 
not lower than the skin, and it is become 
weak, then the priest hath shut him up 
seven days ; -^ and the priest hath seen him 
on the seventh day, if it spread greatly in the 
skin, then the priest hath pronounced him 
unclean ; a plague of leprosy it is. 

-8 ' And if the bright spot stay in its place, 
it hath not spread in the skin, and is become 
weak ; a rising of the burning it is, and the 
priest hatli pronounced him clean ; for it is 
inflammation of the burning. 

"** ' And when a man (or a woman) hath in 
him a plague in the head or in the beard, 
■"^ then hath the priest seen the plague, and 
lo, its appearance is deeper than the skin, 
and in it a thin shining hair, and the priest 
hath ] ironounced him unclean ; it is a scall 
— it is a leprosy of the head or of the beard. 

_2i ' And when the priest seeth the plague 
of the scall, and lo, its appearance is not 
deeper than the skin, and there is no black 
hair iu it, then hath the ]>riest shut up 
Idm who liatli the plague of the scall seven 
days. 

^■^ 'And the priest hath seen the plagaie on 
the seventli day, and lo, the scall hath not 
sijread, and a shining hair hath not been in 
it, and the appearance of the scall is not 
deeijer than the skin, ^^ then he hath shaved 
himself, but the scall he doth not shave; 
and the priest hath shut up him who hath 
the scall a second seven days. 

■*^ And the priest hath seen the scall on the 

seventh day, and lo, the scall hath not spread 

iu the skin, and its ap]jcarance is not deejjer 

than the skin, and the ] u-iest hath pronounced 

75 



Of discerning tlie leprosy, xiii. 35.— LEVITICUS.— xiv. 12. Of cUanaiiuj the- kpvi 



him clean, aud he hath washed his garments, 
and liath Ijeen clean. 

■'^ 'And if the scall spread greatly in the 
skin after his cleansing, ^^ and the priest hath 
seen him, aud lo, the scall hath spread in tlie 
skin, the priest seeketh not for the shining 
hair, he is unclean ; *'' and if in his eyes the 
scall liath stayed, and black hair hath sprung 
up in it, the scall hath been healed — he is clean 
— and the priest hath pronounced him clean. 

33 'And when a man or woman hath in the 
skin of their flesh bright spots, white bright 
spots, ^''and the priest hath seen, and lo, in 
the skin of their flesh white weak bright 
spots, it is a freckled spot broken out in the 
skin ; he is clean. 

*" 'And when a man's head is polished, he 
is bald, he in clean ; ^i and if from the corner 
of his face his head is polished, he is bald of 
the forehead ; he is clean. 

*2 ' And when there is in the bald back of 
the head, or in the bald forehead, a very red 
white plague, it is a leprosy breaking out in 
the bald back of the head, or in the bald 
forehead ; ^ and the priest hath seen him, 
and lo, the risin.j of the very red white 
plague in the bald back of the head, or in 
the bald forehead, is as the appearance of 
leprosy, in the skiu of the flesh, ^ he is a 
leprous man, he is unclean ; the priest doth 
pronounce him utterly unclean ; his plague 
is in his head. 

f^ ' As to the leper in whom is the i:)lague, 
his garments are rent, and his head is un- 
covered, and he covereth over the upper lip, 
and ' Unclean ! unclean ! ' he calleth ; ^ all 
the days that the plague is in him he is im- 
clean ; he is imclean, alone he doth dwell, at 
the outside of the camp is his dwelling. 

" 'And when there is in any garment a 
plague of leprosy, — in a garment of wool, or 
in a garment of linen, ""^ or in the warp, or in 
the woof, of linen or of wool, or in a skin, 
or in any work of skin, ''^aud the plague hath 
been very green or very red in the garment, 
or in the skin, or in the warp, or in the 
woof, or in any vessel of skin, it is a i)lague 
of leprosy, and it hath been shewn the 
priest. 

^^ 'And the priest hath seen the plague, 
and hath shut up tliat tnlddi Jiath the jilague, 
seven days ; -'^ aud he hath seen the plague 
on the seventh day, and the plague hath 
spread in the garment, or in the warji, or in 
the woof, or in the skin, of all that is made 
of skin for work ; the plague is a fretting 
leprosy, it is unclean. 

"- ' And he hath bm-ut the garment, or the 
warp, or the woof, in wool or in linen, or 
any vessel of skiu in which tlie plague is ; 
for it is a fretting leiirosy; with fire it is 
burnt. 

*^ ' And if the priest see, aud lo, the ]ilague 
hath not spread in the garment, or in the 
warji, or in the woof, or in any vessel of 
skin, ^■' thou hath the i)riest commanded, 
and tlicy liave washed that in which the 
l>lagiic is, ami he liatli shut it u]) a second 
seven days. •''•'' And the jiriest liatli seen t/ial 
which hath the plague after it hath been 
washed, aud lo, the plague hath not chanj;cd 
7G 



its aspect, and the plague hath not spread, 
—it is imclean ; with fire thou dost bum it ; 
it M a fretting in its back-part or in its front- 
part. 

^''' ' And if the priest hath seen, and lo, the 
plague is become weak after it hath been 
washed, then he hath rent it out of the gar- 
ment, or out of the skin, or out of the warp, 
pr out of the woof ; ^^ and if it still be seen 
in the garment, or in the warp, or in the 
woof, or in any vessel of skin, it is a fretting ; 
with tire thou dost burn it — that in which 
the plague is. 

^8 'And the garment, or the warp, or the 
woof, or any vessel of skin which tnou dost 
wash when the plague hath turned aside 
from them, then it hath been washed a se- 
cond tiine, and hath been clean. 

59 ' ij^jg ig ^jjg 2aw of a plague of leprosy 
in a garment of wool or of linen, or of the 
war]) or of the \yoof, or of any vessel of skin, 
to pronounce it clean or to pronounce it 
unclean.' 

XIV. 1 AND Jehovah speaketh unto Mo- 
ses, saying, - ' This is a law of the leper, in 
the day of his cleansing, that he hath been 
brought in imto the ])riest, ^ and the priest 
hath gone out unto the outside of the camp, 
and the priest hath seen, and lo, the plague 
of leprosy hath ceased from the leper, * and 
the priest hath commanded, and he hath 
taken for him who is to be cleansed, two 
clean living birds, and cedar wood, and scar- 
let, and hyssop. 

° ' And the priest hath commanded, and 
he hath slaughtered the one bird upon an 
earthen vessel, over running water; ^as to 
the living bird, he taketh it, and the cedar 
wood, and the scarlet, and the hyssop, and 
hath dipped tliem aud the living l^ird in the 
blood or the slaughtered bii'd, over the run- 
ning water, '' aud iie hath spriukled on him 
who is to be cleansed from tlie leprosy seven 
times, and hath pronounced him clean, and 
hath sent out the liAaug bird on the face of 
the field. 

^ ' And he who is to be cleansed hath 
washed his garments, and hath shaved aU 
his hair, and hath bathed with water, and 
hath been clean, aud aftenvards he doth 
come in imto the camp, and hath dwelt at 
the outside of his tent seven days. 

" 'And it hath been, on the seventh day-;- 
he shaveth all his hair, his head, and liis 
beard, aud his eyebrows, even all his hair 
he doth shave, and he liath washed his gar- 
ments, and hath batlied his llesh \vith water, 
and hath been clean. 

1" ' And on the eighth day he taketh two 
lambs, perfect ones, and one ewe-lamb, (laugh- 
ter of a year, a perfect one, and thrcti tenth 
deals of flour for a present, mixed with oil, 
and one log of oil. 

11 'And the priest who is cleansing hath 
caused the man who is to be cleansed to 
stand with them before Jehovah, at the 
opening of the tent of meeting, '-and the 
priest hath taken the one he lamb, aud hath 
brought it near for a guilt-ofFcring, also the 
log of oU, and hath waved them— a waye- 
oll'cring beiore Jehovah. 



Law concerning leprosy, xiv. 13.— LEVITICUS.— xiv. 50. 



Rites m regard to it. 



13 'And he liath slaughtered the lamb in 
the place where he slaughtereth the siu-oil'cr- 
ing aad the biirnt-offering, in the lioly ]ilace ; 
for like the sin-offering tlie guilt-offering is 
to the priest ; it is most holy. 

" ' And the priest hath taken of the blood 
of the guiJt-offering, and the priest hath put 
on the tip of the right ear of him who is 
to be cleansed, and on the thumb of liis right 
hand, and on the great toe of his right foot ; 
1^ and the priest hath taken of the log of oil, 
and hath poiired on the left palm of the 
priest, ^^ and the priest hath dipped his right 
ringer in the oil which is on his left palm, 
and hath sprinkled of the oil with his finger 
seven times before Jehovah. 

1^ ' And of the residue of the oil which is 
on his palm, the priest putteth on the tip 
of the right ear of him who is to be cleansed, 
and on the thumb of his right hand, and ou 
the .great toe of his right foot, on the blood 
of the guilt-offering ; ^^ and the remnant of 
the oil which is on the jialm of the priest, 
lie putteth on the head of him who is to be 
cleansed, and the priest hath made atone- 
ment for him before Jehovah. 

1" ' And the priest hath made the sin-offer- 
ing, and hath made atonement for him who 
is to be cleansed from his uncleanness, and 
afterwards he doth slaughter the burnt-offer- 
ing ; -<' and the priest hath caused the burnt- 
offering to ascend, also the present, on the 
altar, and the priest hath made atonement 
for him, and he liath been clean. 

-1 ' And if he is poor, and his hand is not 
reaching these things, then he hath taken 
one lamb — a guilt-offering, for a wave-offer- 
ing, to make atonement for him, and one- 
tenth deal of floiu" mixed with oil for a pre- 
sent, and a log of oil, 2" and two turtle-doves, 
or two young i)igeons, which his hand reach- 
eth to, and one hath been a sin-offering, 
and the one a burnt-offering ; ^ and he hath 
brought them in on the eighth day for his 
cleansing unto the priest, imto the opening 
of the tent of meeting, before Jehovah. 

-■* ' And the priest hath taken the lamb of 
the guilt-offering, and the log of oil, and the 
priest liath waved them — a wave-offering 
Ijefore Jehovah ; ^'^ and he hath slaughtered 
the lamb of the guilt-offering, and the priest 
hath taken of the blood of the guilt-offering, 
and hath put on the tip of the right ear 
of him who is to be cleansed, and on the 
thiimb of his right hand, and on the great 
toe of his right foot ; "" and the priest dotli 
pour of the oil on the left palm of the priest ; 
-" and the pi'iest hath sprinkled with his right 
finger of the oil which is on his left palm, 
seven times before Jehovah. 

^ ' And the priest hath put of the oil 
which is on his palm, on the tip of the right 
ear of him who is to be cleansed, and on the 
thumb of his riligt hand, and on the great 
toe of his right foot, on the place of the 
blood of the guilt-offering ; ^^ and the rem- 
nant of tlie oil which is on the palm of the 
priest ho doth put on the head of him who is 
to be cleansed, to make atonement for him, 
before Jehovali. 

^ 'And ho hath made tlie one of the turtle- 



doves, or of the young pigeons (from that 
which liis hand reaeheth to, ^i e,,^,^ tliat 
which his hand reaeheth to), the one a sin- 
offering, and the one a burnt-offering, besides 
the present, and the priest hath made atone- 
ment for him who is to be cleansed l)efore 
Jehovah. ^-This is a law of him in wliom 
is a plague of leprosy, whose hand reaeheth 
not to his cleansing.' 

33 And Jehovah speaketh imto Moses, and 
unto Aaron, saying, ^4 ' Wlien ye come in 
unto the land of Canaan, which t am giving 
to you for a possession, and I have put a 
plague of leprosy in a house in the land of 
your possession ; ^5 then hath he whose the 
noxise is come in and declared to the priest, 
saying, As a pla.gue hath appeared to me in 
the house ; ^s and the priest hath commanded, 
and they have prepared the house before 
the priest cometh in to see the pla.gue (that 
all which is in the house be not unclean), 
and afterwards doth the priest come in to 
see the house ; ^7 and he hath seen the plague, 
and lo, the plague is in the walls of the 
house, holloAV strakes, very green or very 
red, and their appearance is lower than the 
wall, 38 and the priest hath gone out of the 
house unto the opening of the house, and 
hath shut up the house seven days. 

39 'And tne priest hath turned back on 
the seventh day, and hath seen, and lo, the 
plague hath spread in the walls of the house, 
■*" and the priest hath commanded, and they 
have drawn out the stones in which the 
plague is, and have cast them unto the out- 
side of the city, unto an vmclean place; 
^ and the house he doth caiise to be scraped 
within round about, and they have poured 
out the clay_ which they have scraped off, 
at the outside of the city, at an imclean 
place; <-and they have taken other stones, 
and brought them in imto the place of the 
stones, and other clay he taketh and hath 
daubed the house. 

^ 'And if the plague return, and hath, 
broken out in the house, after he hath drawn * 
out the stones, and after the scraping of the 
house, and after the daubing ; ''^then hath 
the priest come in and seen, and lo, the 
plague hath spread in the house ; it is a fret- 
ting lei^rosy in the house ; it is unclean. 

"•^ 'And he hath broken down the liouse, 
its stones, and its wood, and all the clay 
of the house, and he hath broiight them 
forth unto the outside of the city, unto an 
unclean place. 

*^ ' And he who is going in imto the house 
all the days he hath shut it \\\>, is unclean 
till the evening ; *' and he who is lying in 
the house doth wash his garments ; and he 
who is eating in the house doth wash his 
garments. 

^ 'And if the priest certainly come in, 
and hath seen, and lo, the plague hath 
not spread in the house after the daubing or 
the house, then hath the priest pronounced 
the house clean, for the i)lague hath been 
healed. 

^ ' And he hath taken for the cleansing of 
the house two l)irds, and cedar wood, and 
scarlet, and hyssop; ^"and he hath slaugh- 
77 



Law concerning leprosy. 



XTv. 51.— LEVITICUS.— XV. 31. 



Ceremonial purifications. 



tered the one bird upon an earthon vessel, 
over running water ; •''' and lie liatli taken 
the cedar wood, and the liyssop, and the 
scarlet, and the livint; bird, and hath dii)]ied 
tliem in tlie Idood of the slaughtered bii'd, 
and in the running water, and hath sprinkled 
upon the house seven times. 

^'^ 'And he hath cleansed the house with 
the blood of the bird, and with the running 
water, and with the living bird, and with 
the cedar wood, and with the hyssop, and 
with the scarlet ; ''■' and he hath sent away 
the living bird unto the outside of the city 
unto the face of the field, and hath made 
atonement for the house, and it hath been 
clean. 

■''^ 'This is the law for every iilague of the 
leijrosy and for seal], ■''■'' and for leprosy 
of a garment, and of a house, ^"and for a 
rising, and for a scab, and for a bright spot, 
— •''^to direct in the day of being unclean, and 
in the day of being clean ; this is the law of 
the leprosy.' 

XV. 1 AND Jehovah speaketh imto Moses, 
and unto Aaron, saying, - ' Speak unto the 
sons of Israel, and ye have said unto them, 
When there is an issvie out of the flesh of 
any man, for his issue he is unclean ; * and 
this is liis uncleanness in his issue — his 
(lesh hath run with his issue, or his flesh 
hath stopped from his issue ; it is his un- 
cleanness. 

■• 'All the bed on which he lietli who hath 
the issue is unclean, and all the vessel on 
which he sitteth isimelcan ; •''aud anyone who 
cometh against liis bed rloth wash his gar- 
ments, and hath bathed with water, and 
been unclean till the evening. 

'' ' Aud he who is sittinj' on the vessel 
on which he sitteth who hath the issue, 
iloth wash his garments, and hath bathed 
with water, and been unclean till the evening. 

'' 'And he who is coming against the Hesh 
of him who hath the issue, doth wash his 
garments, and hath bathed with water, and 
Iiath been unclean till the evening. 

s ' And when he who hath the issue syiitteth 
on him who is clean, then he hath washed his 
garments, and hath bathed vrith water, and 
been unclean till the (jvening. 

" ' And all the saddle on which he ridetii 
who hath the issue is unclean ; ^^ and any one 
who is coming against anytliing which is under 
him is imclean till the evening, and he who is 
beai-ing them doth wash his garments, and 
hath bathed with water, and been unclean 
till the evening. 

" 'And anyone against whom he cometh who 
hath tiic issue (and his hands hath not rinsed 
with water) hath even washed his garments, 
and bathed with water, and been unclean till 
the evening. 

- ' And the earthen vessel which he who 
hath the issue cometh against is broken ; and 
every wooden vessel is rinsed with water. 

'•* ' And when he who hath the issue is clean 
from his issue, then he hath numbered to him- 
Belf .«tevon days for his cleansing, and hath 
washe(l his garments, and liath bathed his 
flesh with running water, and been clean. 

^*'And on the eighth day he taketii to 
78 



himself two turtle-doves, or two young 
])igeons, and hath come in before .Teliovah un- 
to the opening of the tent of meeting, and 
hath given them unto tlie priest; '^ and the 
priest hath made thetn, one a sin-offering, 
and the one a burut-ollering ; and the priest 
hath made atonement for him before Jehovah, 
because of his issue. 

^^ ' And when a man's seed of cojiulation 
goeth out from him, then he hath bathed ^vith 
water all his fiesh, and been unclean till the 
evening. 

^^ ' And any garment, or any skin on which 
there is seed of copulation, hath also been 
washed with water, and been unclean till the 
evening. 

i^'And a woman with whom a man lieth 
with seed of copulation, they also have bath- 
ed with water, and been unclean till tlie even- 
ing. 

''■' ' And when a woman hath an issue — 
blood is her issue in lier ilesh — seven days she 
is in her separation, and any one who is com- 
ing against lier is unclean till the evening. 

-" ' And anything on whicli she lietli in her 
separation is imclean, and anything on which 
she sitteth is unclean ; -' and any one who is 
coming against her bed doth wash his gar- 
ments, and hath bathed with water, and been 
unclean till the evening. 

'■^^ ' And any one who is coming against any 
vessel on which she sitteth doth wash his gar- 
ments, and hath washed with water, and been 
unclean till the evening. 

-^ ' Aud if it is on the bed, or on the vessel 
on which she is sitting, in his coming against 
it, he is imclean till the evening. 

"■' ' And if a man really lie with her, and 
lier separation is on him, then he hath been 
unclean seven days, and all the bed on which 
lie lieth is unclean. 

"■'' ' And when a woman's issue of blood 
floweth many days within the time of her 
separation, or wlicn it floAveth over her separa- 
tion — all the days of the issue of her unclean- 
ness are as tlie days of her separation ; she in 
unclean. 

-" ' All the bed on which she lieth all the 
days of her issue is as the lied of her separa- 
tion to her, aud all the vessel on which she 
sitteth is uucleau as the uncleanness of lier 
separation ; "" and any one who is coming 
against them is unclean, and hath washetl his 
garments, and hath bathed with water, aud 
been unclean till the evening. 

-8 ' And if she hath been clean from her 
issue, then she hath numbered to lierself 
seven days, and aftei-wards she is clean ; 
-■' and on the eighth day she taketli to her- 
self two turtle-doves, or two young pigeons, 
and hatii brought them in unto the priest, 
unto the opening of the tent of meeting; 
•'" and the priest hath made tlie one a sin-offer- 
ing, and tlie one a biu-nt-otrering, and the 
priest hath made atonement for her before 
Jehovah, because of the issue oi her unclean- 
ncss. 

■'1 * And ye have separated the sons of Israel 
from their uncleanness, and they die not in 
their uncleanness, in tlicii- defiling My tal)er- 
nacle which is in their niidat. 



Ceremonial rnmfications. xv. 32.— LEVITICUS.— xvi. 32. Tlie high priest's sin-offering. 



'^ ' This is the law of liim who hath an issue, 
and of him whose seed of copulation goeth 
out from him, for imcleanness therel)y, ^'^ and 
of her who is sick in her separation, and of 
him who hath an issue, the issue of a male or 
of a female, and of a man who lieth with an 
xmclean woman.' 

XVI. 1 AND Jehovah speak eth unto Moses, 
after the death of the two sons of Aaron, in 
their drawing near before Jehovah, and tliey 
die ; ^ yea, Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' Speak 
unto Aaron thy brother, and he corneth not 
in at all times unto the sanctuary ^vithiu the 
vail, imto the front of the mercy-seat, which 
is upon the ark, and he dieth not, for in a 
cloud I am seen upon the mercy-seat. 

3 ' "With this doth Aaron come in unto the 
sanctuary; with a liullock, a son of the lierd, 
for a sin-offering, and a ram for a biu-nt-offer- 
ing; *a holy linen coat he putteth on, and 
linen trousers are on his flesh, and \vith a 
linen girdle lie girdeth himself, and with a 
linen mitre he •wrappeth himself up ; they ore 
holy garments ; and lie hath bathed with wa- 
ter his flesh, and hath put them on. 

^ ' And from the company of the sons of 
Israel he taketh two kids of the goats for a 
sin-oflFering, and one ram for a burnt-offering; 
* and Aaron hath brought near the bullock of 
the sin-offering which is his own, and hatii 
made atonement for himself, and for his house ; 
' and he hath taken the two goats, and hath 
caused them to stand before Jehovah, at the 
opening of the tent of meeting. 

^ ' And Aaron hath given lots over the two 
goats, one lot for Jehovah, and one lot for a 
goat of departure ; " and Aaron hath Ijrought 
near the goat on which the lot for Jehovah 
hath gone up, and hath made it a sia-offer- 
ing. 

^'' ' And the goat on which the lot for a goat 
of departure hath gone up is caused to stand 
living before Jehovah to make atonement by 
it, to send it away for a goat of dexmi-ture into 
the wilderness. 

^^ ' And Aaron hath brought near the bul- 
lock of the sin-offering whicli is liis o\vn, and 
liath made atonement for himself, and for his 
house, and hath slaughtered the bullock of 
the sin-oflering which is his own, '- and hath 
taken the fulness of the censer of burning 
coals of fire from off the altar, from before Je- 
hovah, and the fulness of his hands of thin 
spice-perfume, and hath brought it within 
the vail ; ^^ and he hath put the perfume on 
the fire before Jehovah, and the cloud of the 
perfume hath covered the mercy-seat which 
is on the testimony, and he dieth not. 

^■* ' And he hath taken of the blood of the 
bullock, and hath sprinkled with his finger 
on the front of the mercy-seat eastward ; even 
at the front of the mercy-seat he doth sprinkle 
seven times of the blood with his finger. 
_ ^' ' And he hath slaughtered the goat of the 
sin-oft'ering which is the people's, and hath 
brought in its blood unto the inside of the vail, 
and hath done with its blood as he hath done 
with the blood of the bullock, and hath 
sprinkled it on the mercy-seat, and at the 
front of the mercy-seat, ^^ and he liath made 
atonement for the sanctuary because of the 



imcleanness of the sons of Israel, and because 
of their transgressions in all their sins ; and 
so he doth for the tent of meeting which 
is tabernacling with them in the midst of their 
uncleannesses. 

^" ' And no man is in the tent of meeting in 
his going in to make atonement in the sanctu- 
ary, till his coming out; and he hath made 
atonement for himself, and for his house, and 
for all the assembly of Israel. 

i^'And he hath gone out unto the altar 
which is before Jehovah, and hath made 
atonement for it ; and he hath taken of the 
blood of the bullock, and of the blood of the 
goat, and hath put on the horns of the altar 
round about ; ^^ and he hath sprinkled on it 
of the blood with his finger seven times, and 
hath cleansed it, and liath hallowed it from 
the uncleannesses of the sons of Israel. 

-** 'And he hath ceased from making atone- 
ment /o?" the sanctuary, and the tent of meet- 
ing, and the altar, anil hath brought near the 
living goat; -land Aaron hath laid his two 
hands on the head of the living goat, and 
hath confessed over it all the iniquities of 
the sons of Israel, and all their transgressions 
in all their sins, and hath put them on the 
head of the goat, and hath sent it away by 
the hand of a fit man into the wilderness; 
-and the goat hath borne on him all their 
iniquities unto a laud of separation. 

'And he hath sent the goat away into the 
wilderness, '-^and Aaron hath come in unto 
tlie tent of meeting, and hath stripped ofi' the 
linen garments which he had put on in his 
going in unto the sanctuary, and hath ]jlaceJ 
them there ; ^ and he hath bathed his flesh 
with water in the holy place, and hath put 
on his garments, and hath come out, and 
hath made his burnt-offering, and the burnt- 
offering of the people, and hath made atone- 
ment for himself and for the people ; ^ and 
with the fat of the sin-offering he doth make 
perfume on the altar. 

"^ ' And he who is sending away the goat 
for a goat of departure doth wash his gar- 
ments, and hath bathed his flesh with water, 
and afterwards he cometh in imto the camp. 

"'' ' And the bullock of the sin-offering, and 
the goat of the sin-offering, whose blood hath 
been brought in to make atonement in the 
sanctuary, doth one bring out unto the out- 
side of the camp, and tliey have burnt with 
fire their skins, and their flesh, and their 
dun^; ^and he who is burning them doth 
wash his garments, and hath bathed his flesh 
with water, and afterwards he cometh in 
unto the camp. 

'^^ ' And it Iiath been to you for a statute 
age-during, in the seventh month, in the 
tenth of the month, ye humble yom-selves, 
and do no work — the native, and the so- 
joiu'ner who is sojourning in your midst ; 
^"for on this day he maketh atonement for 
you, to cleanse you ; from all your sins before 
Jehovah ye are clean ; ^Ut is to you a sabbath 
of rest, and ye have humbled yourselves— a 
statute age-diu-ing. 

^^ ' And the priest whom he doth anoint, 
and whose hand he doth consecrate to act 
as ]U"iest instead of his father, hath made 
70 



Lawa concerning sacrifices. xvi. 33.— LEVITICUS. — xviii. 20. 



Vanous prohiUllona. 



atonement, and liatli pnt on the linen {gar- 
ments, the holy garments; ^^and lie hatli 
made atonement for the holy sanctuary ; and 
for the tent of meeting, even for the altar he 
doth make atonement; yea, for the priests, 
and for all the people of the assembly he 
maketh atonement. 

^ 'And this hatli been to you for a statute 
age-during, to make atonement for the sons 
01 Israel, because of all their sins, once in a 
year-' and he doth as Jehovah hath com- 
manded Moses. 

XVII. ^ AND Jehovah speaketh xmto 
Moses, saying, - ' Speak unto Aaron, and 
unto his sons, and imto all the sons of Israel ; 
and thou hast said unto them. This is the 
thing which .Jehovah hath commanded, say- 
ing, ^ Any man of the house of Israel who 
slaughtereth ox, or lamb, or goat, in the 
camp, or who slaughtereth at the outside 
of the camp, *and imto the openinjj of the 
tent of meeting hath not brought it in to 
bring near an offering to Jehovah before the 
tabernacle of Jehovah, blood is reckoned to 
that man — blood he hath shed — and that man 
hath been cut off from the midst of his 
people ; ^ so that the sons of Israel do bring 
m their sacrifices which they are sacrificing 
on the face of the field, yea, they have 
brought them in to Jehovah, unto the open- 
ing of the tent of meeting, unto the priest, 
and they have sacrificed sacrifices of peace- 
offerings to Jehovah with them. 

^ ' And the priest hath sprinkled the blood 
upon the altar of Jehovjih, at the opening 
of the tent of meeting, and hath made per- 
fume with the fat for sweet fragrance to 
Jehovah; ''and they sacrifice not any more 
their sacrifices to goats after which they are 
going a-whoring; a statute age-during is this 
to them, to their generations. 

* ' And unto them thou sayest : Any man 
of the house of Israel, or of the sojourners, 
who sqjournetli in your midst, who causeth 
burnt- offering or sacrifice to ascend, *and 
unto the opening of the tent of meeting 
doth not bring it in to make it to Jehovah — 
that man hath been cut off from his people. 

1** ' And any man of the house of Israel, or 
of the sojourners, who is sojourniag in your 
midst, who eateth any blood, I have even set 
My face against the person who is eating the 
blood, and have cut him off fi'om the midst 
of his people; "for the life of the Hesh is in 
the blood, and I have given it to you on the 
altar, to make atonement for your souls ; for 
it is the l)lood which maketh atonement for 
the sold, 

1* ' Therefore I have said to the sons of 
Israel, No person among you doth eat blood, 
and the sojourner who is sojourning in your 
midst doth not eat blood* ^^and any man of 
tlie sons of Israel, or of the sojourners, who 
is sojourning in your midst, who hunteth 
venison, bea.st or fowl, which is eaten — hath 
even poured out its blood, and hath covered 
it with dust ; ^* for it is the life of all iiesh, 
its blood is for its life; and I say to the sons 
of Israel, Blood of any fiesh ye do not eat, 
for the hfe of all Heah ia its blood ; any one 
eaf.ijiff i^ ia cut off. 

80 



"'And any person who catctli a carcase 
or torn tiling, among natives or ainoiig so- 
journers — hath botli wa.slic(l iiis garnifnits, 
and hath bathed with water, and hatli l)Con 
unclean until the evening — then lie hatli 
been clean; ^^and if he wash not, and his 
ilesh bathe not — then he hath borne his ini- 
quity.' 

XVm. \ AND Jehovah speaketh unto 
Moses, saying, - ' Speak unto the sons of 
Israel, and thou hast said unto them, I am 
Jehovah your God ; ^ according to the work 
of the land of Egypt in which ye have dwelt 
ye do not, and according to the work of tlin 
land of Canaan whither 1 am bringing you 
in, ye do not, and in their statutes ye walk 
not. 

* ' My judgments ye do, and My statutes 
ye keep, to walk in them ; I am Jehovah 
your God; ^ and ye have keiit My statutes 
and My judgments which mau doth and 
liveth in them; I am Jehovah. 

^ 'None of you unto any relation of his 
flesh doth draw near to imcovcr nakedness ; 
I am Jehovah. 

' 'The nakedness of thy father and the 
nakedness of thy mother thou dost not xm- 
cover, she is thy mother ; thou dost not un- 
cover her nakedness. 

8 ' The nakedness of the wife of thy father 
thou dost not uncover; it is the nakedness ol 
thy father. 

^ 'The nakedness of thy sister, daughter of 
thy father, or daughter of thy mother, born 
at home or bom without ; thou dost not 
uncover their nakedness. 

1" 'The nakedness of thy son's daughter, 
or of thy daughter's daughter : thou dost not 
uncover their nakedness ; for theira is thy 
nakedness. 

^^ ' The nakedness of a daughter of thy 
father's wife, begotten of thy f.ather, she /.> 
thy sister; thou dost not uncover her naked- 
ness. 

^- ' The nakedness of a sister of thy father 
thou dost not uncover ; she is a relation of 
thy father. 

^^ 'The nakedness of thy mother's sister 
thou dost not uncover; for she is thy mother's 
relation. 

^* ' The nakedness of thy father's brother 
thou dost not uncover; unto his wife thou 
dost not draw near ; she is thine aunt. 

^' 'The nakedness of thy daughter-in-law 
thou dost not uncover; she is thy son's wife; 
thou dost not uncover her nakedness. 

^^ 'The nakedness of thy brother's wife 
thou dost not uncover; it is thy brother's 
nakedness. 

1' 'The nakedness of a woman and her 
daughter thou dost not uncover; her son's 
daughter, and her daughter's daughter thou 
dost not take to uncover her nakedness ; they 
are her relations ; it is wckedness. 

^8 'And a woman imto another thou dost 
not tak<?, to be an adversary, to uncover her 
nakedness beside her, in her life. 

^^ 'And unto a woman in the separation of 
her uncleanncss thou dost not draw near to 
uncover her nakedness. 

*• 'And unto the wife of thy fellow thou 



Ceremonial and moral laws, xviii. I'l. — LEVITICUS. — xix. .'^3. a7id ordinances rcptaUd. 



dost not give thy seed of copulatiuu, for iiu- 
cleauuess with her. 

^ 'And of tliy seed tbou dost not give 
to pass over to the Molech ; nor dost thou 
pollute the name of thy God; I am Jeho- 
vah. 

~ ' And with a male thou dost uot lie as one 
lieth witli a woman ; abomination it is. 

^ ' And with any beast thou dost not give 
thy copidatiou, for uncleauness with it ; and 
a woman doth uot stand before a beast to lie 
down with it ; confusion it is. 

^ 'Ye are not defiled with all these, for 
with all these have the nations been defiled 
which I am sending away from before you ; 
^°aud the land is defiled, and I charge its 
iniqiiity upon it, and the land vomiteth out 
its inhabitants : -^ and ye — ye have kept My 
statiites and My judgments, and do not a7iy 
of all these abominations, the native and the 
sojourner who is sojourniug in your midst, 
"'' (for all these abominations have the men 
of the land done who are before you, and 
the laud is defiled), '-^andthe land doth not 
vomit you out in yom- defiling it, as it hath 
vomited out the nation which is before you ; 
"'' for any one who doth any of all these abomi- 
nations — even the persons Avho are doing so, 
have been cut oft' from the midst of their 
people; ^"aud ye have kept JNIy charge, so 
as not to do any of the abominable statutes 
which have been done before you, aud ye do 
not defile yourselves with them ; I avi Jeho- 
vah yom* God.' 

XIX. 1 AND Jehovah speaketh imto Mo- 
ses, saying, - 'Speak uuto all the company 
of the sous of Israel, and thou hast said unto 
them. Ye are holy, for holy am I, Jehovah, 
your God. 

•* 'Each his mother and his father ye do 
fear, and My sabbaths ye do keep ; I aiit 
Jehovah your God. 

■* 'Ye clo not turn unto the idols, aud a 
molten god ye do uot make to yoiu'selves; 
I ain Jehovah your God. 

^ ' Ajid when ye sacrifice a sacrifice of 
peace-offerings to Jehovah, at your ^ileasure 
ye do sacrifice it; "iu the day of your sacri- 
ficing it is eaten, and on the moiTOW, aud 
that which is left imto the third day with iire 
is burnt, "and if it be really eaten on the 
tliird day, it is an abomination, it is uot 
])leasing, ^and he who is eatiug it his iniquity 
rioth bear, for the holy thing of Jehovah 
he hath polluted, and that i^ei'son hath been 
cut off' from his peo]')le. 

'' 'And in your reaping the harvest of yoiu- 
land ye do not completely reap the corner 
of thy field, aud the gleaning of thy harvest 
thou dost uot gather, i" and thy vineyai-d 
thou dost uot glean, even the omitted part 
of tliy vineyard thou dost uot gather, to the 
poor aud to the sojourner thou dost leave 
them ; I avi Jehovah yoiu* God. 

^^ ' Ye do not steal, nor feign, nor lie one 
against his fellow. 

1'- ' And ye do not swear by My name to 
falsehood, or thou hast polluted the name of 
thy Gcd ; I a?« Jehovah. 

^^ 'Thou dost uot oppress thy neighlioiu", 
nor take iilunder; the wages of the hire- 



ling doth uot remain with thee till morn 
iug. 

!■* 'Thou dost uot revile the deaf; and be- 
fore the blind thou dost not put a stumbling 
block ; and thou hast been afraid of thy God; 
I am Jehovah. 

1^ 'Ye do not do perversity in judgment; 
thou dost not lift up the face of the poor, 
nor honour the face of the gi-eat ; in nght- 
eousness thou dost judge thy feUow. 

1'' ' Thou dost not go slauderiug among thy 
people; thou dost uot stand against the blood 
of tny neighbom- ; I am Jehovah. 

1^ 'Thou dost not hate thy brother in thy 
heart ; thou dost certainly reprove thy fellow, 
and uot suffer sin on him. 

^^ ' Thou dost not take veuOTance, nor 
watch the sons of thy people ; and thou hast 
had love to thy neighbour as thyself ; I am 
Jehovah. 

^'^ ' My statutes ye do keep : thy cattle thou 
dost uot cause to gender with diverse kinds ; 
thy field thou dost uot sow with diverse 
kind^ and a garment of diverse lands, shaat- 
nez, doth not go up upon thee. 

f^ ' And when a man lieth with a woman 
Avith seed of copulation, and she a maid-ser- 
vant, betrothed to a man, and not really ran- 
somed, or freedom hath uot been given to her, 
an investigation there is ; they are not put to 
death, for she is uot free. 

-i 'And he hath brought iu his guilt-offer- 
ing to Jehovah, unto the opening of the tent 
of meeting, a ram for a g^lt-onering, ^- and 
the priest hath made atonement for him with 
the ram of the giiilt-offering before Jehovah, 
for his sin which he hath sinned, and it hath 
been forgiven him because of his sin which he 
hath sinned. 

-^ 'And when ye come in uuto the land, 
aud have planted all kinds of trees for food, 
theu ye have reckoned as uncircumcised its 
fi'uit, three years it is to you imcircumcised, 
it is not eaten, ^and in the fourth year 
all its fruit is holy — praises for Jehovah. 
-''And iu the fifth year ye do eat its fruit 
— to add to you its increase; I am Jehovah 
yoiu- God. 

'*' ' Ye do not eat with the blood ; ye do 
uot enchant, nor observe cloiuls. 

-'' ' Ye do uot round the corner of your 
head, uor destroy the corner of thy beard. 

-<* 'And a cutting for the soid ye do uot 
put iu your Hesh ; and a WTiting, a cross- 
mark, ye do not put on yo\i ; I am Je- 
hovah. 

-" ' Thou dost not pollute thy daughter to 
cause her to go a- whoring, that the land go 
not a-whoriug, aud the land hath been fidl of 
wickedness. 

^" 'My sabbaths ye do keep, aud My sanc- 
tuary ye do revereuce ; I uvi Jehovah. 

•*^ 'Ye ;lo not turn uuto tliose ha\ang fami- 
liar spirits ; and unto wizards ye do not seek, 
for uncleanuess by them ; I am Jehovah 
your God. 

•" ' At the presence of grey hairs tliou dost 
rise up, aud tliou hast honoured the presence 
of an old man, aud hast bceu afraid of thy 
God ; 1 am Jehovali. 

^■^ 'Andwlien a soioiirner sojourneth with 
SI 



Laws against iniquity. 



XIX. 34.— LEVITICUS.— XXI. 5. 



Moral Lawn. 



thee in your laud, tliou dost not oppress liim; 
'* as a native among you is the sojourner to 
you who is sojourning with you, and thou 
nast had love to him as to thyself, for so- 
journers ye have been in the land of Egypt ; 
I am Jehovah your God. 

3^ 'Ye do not do perversity in judgment, 
iu mete-yard, in %veiglit, or in liquid mea- 
sure ; '^^ righteous balances, righteous weights, 
a righteous ephah, and a righteous hin ye 
have ; I am Jehovah your God, who hath 
brought you out from the land of Egypt ; 
'^^ and ye have observed all my statutes, and 
all my judgments, and have done them; I 
am Jehovah.' 

XX. lAND Jeliovah speak eth unto Moses, 
saying, ^ ' And imto the sons of Israel thou 
dost say. Any man of tlie sons of Israel, and 
of the sojourners who is sojoiu-niug in Israel, 
who giveth of his seed to the Molech, is 
certainly put to death ; the peojile of the 
land do stone him with stones ; ^ and I — I set 
My face against that man, and ha\'e cut him 
ofl from tlie midst of his people, for of his 
seed he hath given to the Molecli, so as to 
defile My sanctuary, and to pollute My holy 
uame. 

■*'And if the peoi)le of the laud really 
hide their eyes from that man, in his gi\'ing 
of his seed to the Molech, so as not to put 
him to death, ^ then I ha\e set My face 
against that man, and against his family, 
and have cut him oil', and all who are going 
a-whoring after him, even going a-whoring 
after the Molech, from the midst of their 
people. 

^ ' And the person who turuetli imto those 
having familiar spirits, and unto the wizards, 
to go a-whoring after them, I have even set 
My face against that person, and cut him off 
from the midst of his peo]ile. 

" ' And ye have sanctified yourselves, and 
ye have been holy, for I am Jehovah your 
God; Sand ye have kept My statutes and 
have done them; I am Jehovah, sanctifying 
you. 

" 'For any man who rcvileth liis father and 
liis mother is certainly put to death ; liis 
father and liis mother he hath reviled : his 
blood is on him. 

•" ' And a man who coinmitteth adultery 
with a man's wife — who committcth adultery 
with the wife of his neighbour — the adulterer 
and tlie adidteress are surely put to death. 

" 'And a man who lietli witli his father's 
wife — the nakedness of his fatlier he hath un- 
covered — both of them arc certainly put to 
death ; their blood !.v on them. 

^" 'And a man who lieth with his danghter- 
in-law — both of tliem arc certainly put to 
death ; confusion tliey liavc made ; their blood 
I'.v on them. 

!•' 'And a man wlio lieth w'itli a luale as one 
lieth with a woman ; abomination botli of 
them have done; tliey are certainly jmt to 
death ; their Wood {*■ on them. 

"'And a man who taketli tlie woman and 
her mother— it w wickedness ; with fire tliey 
Inuii him and tlieni, and there is no wicked- 
ness iu your midst. 

'-' ' And a man wlu) !;iveth liis lying with a 
H-Z 



beast is certainly put to death, and the beast 
ye do slay. 

'^^ ' And a woman who draweth near unto 
any beast to lie with it— thou hast even slain 
the woman and the beast ; they ai'c certainly 
put to death ; their blood is on them. 

1'' ' And a man who taketh his sister, a 
daughter of his father or daughter of his 
mother, and he hath seen her nakedness, and 
she seeth his nakedness: it is a shame; and 
tliey have been cut ofi' before the eyes of the 
sons of their people; the nakedness of his 
sister he hath uncovered; his iniquity he 
beai-eth. 

1** ' And a man who lieth with a sick wo- 
man, and hath uucoA'ered her nakedness, her 
fountain he hath made bare, and she hath lui- 
covered the fountain of her blood, — even both 
of them liave been cut oft' from the midst of 
their people. 

^" ' And the nakeduessof thy mother's sister, 
and of thy father's sister, thou dost not im- 
cover; because his relation he hath made 
bare ; their iniquity they bear. 

-" ' And a man who lieth with his aimt, the 
nakedness of his uncle he hath uncovered; 
their sin they bear; childless they die. 

-^ ' And a man who taketh his brother's 
wife-— it is impiu'ity; the nakedness of his 
brother he hath uncovered; childless they 
are. 

-- 'And ye have kept all My statutes, and 
all My judgments, and have done them, and 
the land vomiteth vou not out whither I am 
bringing you in to dwell in it; -^and ye walk 
not in the statutes of the nation which I am 
sending away from before you, for all these 
they have done, and I am wearied with them ; 
'-^and 1 say to you, Ye — ye do possess their 
ground, and I — I give it to you to possess it, 
a land flowing mth milk and honey ; I «?/i 
Jehovah your God, who hath separated you 
from the peoples. 

-^ ' And ye have made separation Ijctween 
the pure beasts and the unclean, and between 
the unclean fowl and the pure, and ye do not 
make yoiu'selves abominable by beast or by 
fowl, or by anything which crce|)cth on the 
ground which I have separated to you foi- un- 
clean ; -'' and ye have been holy to Me ; for 
holy avi I, Jeliovah; and I separate you from 
the ])eoples to become Mine. 

-" ' And a man or woman — when thci'c is in 
them a familiar spirit, or who are wizards — 
are certainly iiut to death ; with stones they 
stone them; tlieir blood m on tiiem.' 

XXI. 'AND Jeliovah saith unto ISIoscs 
'iSpcak unto the ]iriests, sons of Aaron, and 
thou hast said uuto them. For (iiii/ i)erson a 
j)rii'sl. is not defiled among his iieople, -except 
for his rehition who is near unto him— for 
liis mother, and for his father, and for his son, 
and for his daughter, and for lii.s brother. 
■* and for his sister, the virgin, wlio is near un- 
to him, who hath not been to a man ; for her 
lie is defiled. 

•*' A master ?)?7r,sf doth not defile liini.self 
among his ]ieoi lie— to iiollute himself; ''tliey 
do not make baldness (in their head, ami tht^ 
cnriier of their beard they dn inii .shave, ,vnd 
ill their flesh they do not make a cuttiuy; 



Ldivs concerning priests, 



XXI. 6.— LEVlTllJtJS.— XXII. 25. 



and concerning sacrtflces. 



* they are holy to tljeir God, and tliey pollute 
not the name of their God, for the fire-ofi'er- 
ings of Jehovah, bread of their God, they are 
bringing near, and have been holy. 

^ ' A woman, a harlot, or polluted, they do 
not take, and a woman cast out from her hus- 
band they do not take, for he is holy to liis 
God; 8 and thou hast sanctified him, for the 
bread of thy God he is bringing near; he is 
holy to thee ; for holy am I, Jehovah, sancti- 
fying you. 

^ ' And a daughter of any priest when she 
polluteth herself by going a-whoring — her 
father she is polluting; with fire she is bui-nt. 

^^ ' And the high- priest of his brethren, on 
whose head is poiu-ed the anointing oil, and 
hath consecrated his hand to put on the gar- 
ments, his head doth uot UJicover. uor rend 
his garments, ^^ uor beside any dead person doth 
he come; for his father and for his motlier 
he doth not defile himself ; ^" uor f i-om the 
sanctuary doth he go out, nor doth he pollute 
the sanctuai-y of his God, for the separation 
of the anointing oil of his God is on him; I 
avi Jehovah. 

^•* ' And he taketli a wife in her virginity ; 
^* widow, or cast out, or polluted one — a liar- 
lot — these he doth uot take, but a virgin of 
his own people he doth take for a wife, 
'^aud he doth not ]iollute his seed among his 
jjeople; for I avi Jehovah, sanctifying him.' 

I'^And .Jehovah s])eaketh uuto Moses, say- 
ing, I'' ' Speak unto Aaron, sayiug, No man of 
thy seed to their generations in whom there is 
blemish doth draw near to bring near the 
bread of Ids God, ^^for no man in whom is 
blemish doth draw near — a man blind, or 
lame or dwarfed, or enlarged, i" or a man in 
whom there is a breach in the foot, or a 
broach in the hand, -'* or liump-backed, or a 
dwarf, or with a mixtiu-e in his eye, or a 
scury\' person, or scabbed, or brokeu-testicled. 

'1 ' No man in whom is blemish (of the seed 
of Aaron the priest) doth come nigh to bring 
near the tire-oneriugs of Jehovah; Ijlemish is 
in him; the bread of Ids God he doth not 
come nigh to bring near. 

-- ' Bread of his God — of the most holy 
thing's, and of the holy things — he doth eat; 
'-'•^ only, unto the vail he doth not enter, and 
uuto the altar he doth uot draw nigh ; for 
blemish is in him ; and he doth not ] lollute My 
sanctuaries; for I am Jehovah, sanctifying 
them.' 

^*And Moses speaketh imto Aaron, and 
uuto his sous, and unto all the sous of Israel. 

XXII. 1 AND. Jehovah speaketh imto Moses, 
saying, - ' Speak imto Aaron, and uuto his 
sons, and they are sejjarated from the holy 
things of the sons of Israel, and they pollute 
not Kiy holy name in what they are hallowing 
to iMe ; I am Jehovah. 

^ ' Say unto them. To your generations, any 
man who draweth near, out of all yoiu- seed, 
unto the holy things which the sons of Israel 
do sanctify to Jehovah, and his uncleanness 
on him— even that person hath been cut off 
from before Me ; I am Jehovah. 

■* ' Any man of the seed of Aaron, and is 
leprous or hath an issue— of the holy things 
he doth uot eat till that he is clean ; and he 



who is coming against any uncleanness of a 
person, or a man whose seed of copulation go- 
eth out from him, ^or a man who cometh 
against any teeming thiug which is unclean 
to him, or against a man who is unclean to 
him, even any of his uncleanness — ^the per- 
son who cometh against it — hath even been 
unclean till the evening, and doth not eat of 
the holy things, but hath bathed his Hesh with 
water, '' aud the sun hath gone :in, and he 
hath been clean, aud afterwards he doth eat 
of the holy things, for it is his food ; ^ a car- 
case or torn thing he doth not eat, for unclean- 
ness thereby ; I ain Jehovah. 

" ' And they have kept My charge, and 
bear no sin for it, that they have died for it 
when they pollute it ; I am Jehovah saucti- 
ing them. 

^^ ''And no stranger doth eat of the holy 
thing; a settler of a priest and an hireling 
doth uot eat of the holy thiug; '' aud when 
a priest buyetli a iiersou, the iiurchase of liis 
money, he cloth eat of it, also one boi-n in liis 
house ; they do eat of his bread. 

^" ' And a ]>riest's daughter, when she is 
a strange uian's, — she, of the heave-offering 
of the holy things doth uot eat ; ^-^ aud a 
priest's daxighter, when she is a widow, or 
cast out, and hath no seed, and hath txu-ned 
back uuto the house of her father, as in her 
youth, of her father's bread she doth eat; 
but no strauger doth eat of it. 

^■* ' And when a man doth eat of a holy 
tiling through ignorance, then he hath added 
its fifth part to it, and liatli given it to the 
priest, with the holy thiug ; i= and they do 
uot pollute the holy things of the soiis of 
Israel — that which they lift up to Jehovah, 
^•^ nor have caused them to bear the iniquity 
of the giiilt-oft'ering in their eating their 
holy things; for I am Jehovah, sanctifying 
them.' 

1" And Jehovah speateth imto Moses, say- 
ing, 18 'Speak uuto Aai'on, aud vinto his sous, 
and unto all the sons of Israel, and thou 
hast said unto them, Any man of the house 
of Israel, or of the sojourners in Israel, who 
bringeth near his oflering, of all his vows, or 
of all his willing offerings which they bring 
near to Jehovah for a biu-nt-offeriug ; ^"at 
your ])leasure a perfect one, a male of the 
herd, of the sheep oi' of the goats ; ^" nothing 
in M'hich is blemish do ye bring near, for it is 
uot for a pleasing thing for you. 

"^ ' And when a man bringeth near a sacri- 
fice of peace-offerings to .leliovah, to com- 
plete a vow, or for a willing-offering, of tlie 
herd or of the Hock, it is perfect for a ])leas- 
iug thiug; no blemish is in it; —blind, or 
broken, or maimed, or having a wen, or 
scm-vy, or scabbed — yc do not bring tliese 
near to Jehovah, and a fire-offering ye do 
not make of them on the altar to Jehovah. 

^•* 'As to an ox or a sheep enlarged or 
dwarfed — -a willing-ottering ye do make it. 
but for a vow it is not pleasing. -*As to a 
bruised, or beaten, or enlarged, or cut thing 
—ye do not biing it, near to Jehovah; even 
in your land ye do not do it. -^ And from 
the hand of a son of a stranger ye do not 
bring near the bread of your God, of any 

sa 



Of divtrs festivals. 



XXII. 26.— LEVITICUS.— XXIII. 38. 



The yearly sacrifices. 



of these, for their corruption is iu them ; 
blemish is in them; they are not pleasing 
for you.' 

2'' And Jehovah speaketli imto Moses, say- 
ing, 2^ ' When ox or lamb or goat is born, 
and it hath been seven days under its dam, 
then from the eighth day and henceforth, 
it is pleasing for an offering, a fire-offering to 
Jehovah; "^ but an ox or sheep — it and its 
young one, ye do not slaughter in one day. 

-^ ' And when ye sacrifice a sacrifice of 
thanksgi\dng to Jehovah, at your _pleasm-e 
ye do sacrifice, ^'^ on that day it is eaten, 
ye do not leave of it till morning ; I am Je- 
hovah; 31 and ye have kept my commands, 
and have done them; I a7n Jehovah; 3- and 
ye do not pollute My holy name, and I have 
been hallov/ed in the midst of the sons of 
Israel; I a??!. Jehovah, sanctif jdng you, ^^who 
am bringing you uji out of the land of Egypt, 
to become your God; I am Jehovah.' 

XXIIl. ^ AND Jehovah speaketh unto 
Moses, saying, - ' Speak imto the sons of 
Israel, and thou hast said unto them. Ap- 
pointed seasons of Jeliovah, which ye pro- 
claim, holy convocations, ewe these : they arc 
My appointed seasons: ^six days is work 
done, and iu the seventh day is a sabbath of 
rest, a holy convocation ; ye do no work ; it 
is a sabbath to Jehovah in all your dwellings. 

^' These are appointed seasons of Jehovah, 
holy convocations, which ye proclaim iu their 
appointed seasons: ''in the first month, on 
the fourteenth of the month, between the 
evenings, is the passover to Jehovah; "and 
on the fifteenth day of this month is the 
feast of imleavened things to Jehovah ; seven 
days unleavened things ye do eat; ''on the 
first day ye have a holy convocation, ye do 
no servile work ; ^ and ye have brought near 
a fire-offering to Jehovah seven days ; iu the 
seventh day w a holy convocation; ye do no 
servile work.' 

^And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, 1" ' Speak unto the sons of Israel, and 
thou hast said unto them, Wlien ye come iu 
unto the laud which I am giving to you, and 
have rea))ed its liarvest, and have brought in 
the sheaf, the l^eginning of your harvest unto 
tlie priest, iifheu he hath waved the sheaf 
before Jehovah for your acceptance; on the 
mori'ow of the sabbath doth the priest wave 
it. 

1" ' And ye have jn-epared in the day of 
your waving the sheaf a lamb, a perfect one, 
a son of a year, for a biu-nt-offering to Je- 
hovah, I''' and its present two teutli deals of 
tlour mixed with oil, a fire-offering to Je- 
hovah, a sweet fragrance, and its driuk-oll'er- 
ing, wine, a foui-th of the bin. 

" ' And bread and roasted corn and f idl ears 
ye do uot eat until this self -same day, until 
your bringing in the offering of your God— 
a statute age-during to your generations, iu 
all your dwellings. 

^•' ' And ye have niunbered to you from the 
morrow of the sabbath, from the day of yom- 
liringing iu the sheaf of the wave-olfering: 
they are seven perfect sabbaths; ^''unto the 
morrow of the seventh sabbath ye do num- 
ber fifty days, and ye have brouglit near a 
84 



new present to Jehovah; '''out of your dwell- 
ings ye bring in bread of a wave-offering, two 
loaves, of two tenth deals of flour they are, 
with yeast they are baken, iirst-fi-uits to Je- 
hovah. 

18 ' And ye have brought near, besides the 
bread, seven lambs, perfect ones, sons of a 
year, and one bullock, a sou of the herd, and 
two rams; they are a burnt-offering to Je- ^ 
hovah, witli their present and their liba- 
tions, a fire-offering of sweet fragrance to 
Jehovah. 

1^ 'And ye have prepared one kid of the 
goats for a sin-offering, and two lambs, sons 
of a year, for a sacrifice of peace-offerings, 
""and the priest hath waved them, besides 
the bread of the iirst-fruits — a wave-offering 
before Jehovah, besides the two lambs ; they 
are holy to Jehovah for the priest ; '^ and ye 
have proclaimed on this self -same day : a holy 
convocation is to you, ye do no servile work 
— a statute age-during iu all your dwellings, to 
yoiu" generations. 

^- ' And iu youj reaping the harvest of your 
land thou dost not complete the corner of thy 
field in thy reaping, and the gleaning of thy 
harvest thou dost not gather, to the poor and 
to the sojourner thou dost leave them; I Je- 
hovah a?7i your God.' 

-3 And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, "^ ' Speak unto the sons of Israel, saying, 
In the seventh month, on the first of the 
month, ye have a sabbath, a memoi'ial of 
shouting, a holy convocation ; -■' ye do no 
servile work, and ye have brought near a 
fire-offering to Jehovah.' 

-"And Jehovah speaketh imto Moses, say- 
ing, -^ ' Only — on the tenth of this seventh 
month is a day of atonements ; ye have a 
holy convocation, and ye have humbled your- 
selves, and have brought near a fire-offering 
to Jehovah ; -^ and ye do no woi'k in this 
self-same day, for it is a day of atonements, to 
make atonement for you, before Jehovah your 
God. 

"^ ' For any person who is not humbled iu 
this self-same day hath even been cut off 
from his people; ^'' and any person who doth 
any work in this self-same day I have even 
destroyed that i:)ersou from the midst of his 
peoiile ; •'^ ye do no work — a statute age-dur- 
ing to your generations in all your dwellings. 
^- It is a sabbath of rest to you, and ye have 
hiunblcd yourselves in the nintli of the mouth 
at even ; from evening tUl evening ye do keep 
your sabbath.' 

2^ And Jehovah s])caketh unto Moses, say- 
iug, '^^ 'Speak unto tlie sous of Israel, saying. 
In the fifteenth day of tliis seventli mouth is 
a feast of booths seven days to Jeliovah; '■'^ on 
the iirst day is a holy convocation, ye do no 
servile work, ^" seven days ye bring near a 
lire-offering to Jehovah, on the eighth day ye 
liave a holy convocation, and ye have brought 
near a tire-offering to Jehovah ; it is a i-e- 
straint, ye do no servile work. 

■'■' ' These are appointed seasons of Jehovah, 
which ye ijroclaim holy convocations, to bring 
near a fire-oli'criug to Jehovah, a biirnt-()ffer- 
ing, and a ])resent, a sacrifice, and libations, 
a thing of a day iu its day, ^^ apart from the 



Solemn /easts. 



XXIII. 39.— LEVITICUS.— XXV. 14. 



TJie reviler stoned. 



labbaths of Jehovah, and apart from your 
gifts, and apart from all your vows, aud apart 
From all your williug-otibrinys, which ye give 
to Jehovah. 

^^ ' Only — in the fifteenth day of the seventh 
month, in your gathering the increase of the 
land, ye do keep the feast of Jehovah seven 
days; on the first day is a sabbath, and on 
the eighth day a sabbath; ■^'^and ye have ta- 
ken to yourselves on the first day the fruit 
of beautiful trees, branches of palms, and 
boughs of thick trees, and willows of a brook, 
and Jiave rejoiced before Jehovah your God 
seven days. 

'^ 'And ye have kept it a feast to Jehovah, 
seven days in a year — a statute age-diiring to 
yoiir generations; in the seventh month ye 
keep it a feast. 

'^ ' In Ijooths ye dwell seven days ; all who 
are natives in Israel dwell in liooths, ^-^ so that 
your generations do liuow that in booths I 
caused the sons of Israel to dwell ; in my 
bi-inging them out of the land of EgyiDt; 1, 
Jehovah, am your God.' 

** And Moses speaketh concerning the ap- 
pointed seasons of Jehovah imto the sons of 
Israel. 

XXIV. 1 AND Jehovah speaketh unto 
Moses, saying, ^ ' Command the sons of Israel, 
and they bring imto thee pm-e olive oil, bea- 
ten, for the lamp, to cause a light to go up 
continually; ^ at the outside of the vail of the 
testimony in the tent of meeting doth Aaron 
arrange it from evening till morning before 
Jehovah continually — a statute age-during to 
your generations ; ■* by the piu'e candlestick 
lie doth arrange tlie lights before Jehovah 
continually. 

^ 'And thou hast taken flour, and hast 
baked twelve cakes with it, two tenth deals 
are in tlie one cake, " a,ud thou hast set them 
two ranks (six in the ranlc) on the pure table 
before Jehovah, '' and thou hast put on the 
rank pure frankincense, and it hath been to 
the bread for a memorial, a fire-otiering to 
Jehovah. 

>* ' On each sabbath-day he arrangeth it be- 
fore Jehovah continually, from the sons of 
Israel — a covenant age-during ; '■' and it hath 
been to Aaron, and to his sons, and they have 
eaten it in the holy place, for it is most holy 
to him, from the rire-otl'erings of Jehovah — a 
statute age-during.' 

1" And a son of an Israelitish woman goeth 
out (and he is son of an Egyjjtian man), in 
the midst of the sons of Israel, and strive in 
the camp do the son of the Israelitish woman 
and a man of Israel, ^^ and the son of the Is- 
raelitisli woman execrateth the Name, and 
reviletli ; and they bring him in unto Moses ; 
and his mother's name is Shelomith daughter 
of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan; ^-and he caus- 
eth him to rest in charge — to explain to them 
by the mouth of Jehovah. 

13 And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, !■* ' Bring out the reviler unto the outside 
of the camp ; and all those hearing have hxid 
tlieir hands on his head, and all the company 
have stoned him. 

1^ 'And unto the sous of Israel thou dost 
speak, saying. When any man revileth his 



God— -then he hath borne his sin ; ^^ and he 
who is execrating the name of Jehovah is 
certainly jiut to death ; all the company do 
certainly cast stones at him; as a sojourner 
so a native, in his execrating the Name, is 
put to death. 

^^ 'And when a man smiteth any soul of 
man, he is certainly put to death. 

1^ ' And he who smiteth a beast repayeth 
it, body for body, 

1" 'And when a man putteth a blemish in 
his fellow, as he hath done so it is done to 
him ; "" breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth 
for tooth ; as he putteth a blemish in a man 
so it is done in him. 

-1 ' And he who smiteth a beast repayeth it, 
and he who smiteth tlie life of man is put to 
death ; *- one judgment is to you ; as a so- 
journer so is a native; for I am Jehovah your 
God.' 

'3 And Moses speaketh imto the sons of 
Israel, and they bring out the reviler unto 
the outside of the camp, and stone him with 
stones ; and the sons of Israel have done as 
Jehovah hath commanded Moses. 

XXV. lAND Jehovah speaketh unto Mo- 
ses, in mount Sinai, saying, ^' Speak unto 
the sdiis (if Israel, and thou hast said unto 
them, When ye come in unto the land whicli 
I am giving to you, then hath the land kept a 
sabbath to Jehovah. 

•* ' Six years thou dost sow thy field, and 
six years thou dost prime thy vineyard, and 
hast gathered its increase, '*and in the seventh 
year a sabbath of rest is to the land, a sab- 
bath to Jehovah ; thy field thou dost not 
sow, and thy vineyard thou cost not in-ime ; 
^ the spontaneous growth of thy harvest thou 
dost not reap, and the gi-apes of thy separated 
thing thou dost not gather, a year of rest 
it is to the land. 

" ' And the sabbath of the land hath been 
to you for food, to thee, and to thy man- 
servant, and to thy handmaid, and to thy 
hireling, and to thy settler, who are sojourning 
with thee ; ■" and to thy cattle, and to the 
beast which is in thy land, is all thine increase 
for food. 

^ ' And thou hast numbered to thee seven 
sabbaths of years, seven years seven times, 
and the days of the seven sabbaths of years 
have been to thee nine and forty years, 
"and thou hast caused a trumpet of shout- 
ing to pass over in the seventh mouth, in 
the tenth of the month ; in the day of the 
atonements ye do cause a trumpet to pass 
over through all yoiu" land ; ^" and ye liave 
hallowed the year, the fiftieth year ; and ye 
have proclaimed liberty in the land to all 
its inhabitants ; a jubilee it is to you ; and 
ye have turned back each unto his posses- 
sion ; yea, each imto his family ye do turn 
back. 

11 ' A jubilee it w, the fiftieth year, a year 
it is to you ; ye sow not, nor reap its si^on- 
taneous growth, nor gather its separated 
things; i- for a jubilee it /.v, holy it is to you ; 
out of the field ye eat its increase; i-*iu tlie 
vear of this jubilee ye turn back each unto 
"his possessicm. 

1^ 'And when thou sellest anything to thy 
85 



The .jnhilpr, <tc. 



XXV. 15.— LEVITICUS.— XXV. 54. 



The Into of gertKints, 



fellow, or l)nycst from tlic naiul of tliy fel- 
low, ye do not oppress one another ; ^^ by 
the number of years after the jubilee thou 
dost buy from tliy fellow ; bj' the number of 
tlie years of inci'ease he doth sell to thee ; 
"' according to the midtitude of the years 
thou dost multiply its j^rice, and according 
to the fewness of the years thou dost dimin- 
ish its price ; for a number of increases he 
is selling to thee; ^' and ye do not oppress one 
another, and thou hast been afraid of tliy 
God; for I am Jehovah your God. 

^8 ' And ye have done My statutes, and My 
judgments ye keep, and have done them, 
and ye have dwelt on the land confidently, 
'^ ami the land hath given its fruit, and ye 
liave eaten to satiety, and have dwelt couli- 
dcntly on it. 

■^" 'And when ye say, What do we eat in 
the seventh year, lo, we do not sow, uor 
gather our increase? '^^then I have com- 
manded My blessing on yoii in the sixth 
year, and it hath made the increase for three 
years ; — and ye have sown the eighth year, 
and have eaten of the old increase ; until the 
ninth year, until the coming in of its increase, 
ye do eat the old. 

'■'^ ' And the land is not sold — to extinction, 
for the laud w Mine, for sojourners and set- 
tlers are ye with Me ; -■' and in all the land 
of your possession a redemjjtion ye do give 
to the laud. 

25 ' wiien thy brother becometh poor, and 
hath sold his possession, then hatli his re- 
deemer who is near unto him come, and he 
hath redeemed the sold thing of his brother ; 
-''and when a man hath no redeemer, and 
his own baud hath attained, and he hath 
found as sutiicient for its redemption, -' then 
he hath reckoned the years of its sale, and 
hath given back that which is over to the 
man to whom he sold it, and he hath returned 
to his possession. 

-" 'And if his hand hath not found suffi- 
ciency to give back to him, then hath his 
sold thing been in the hand of him who buy- 
eth it till the year of jubilee; and it hath 
gone o\it in the jubilee, and he hath returned 
to his possession. 

'■'^ 'And when a man selleth a dwelling- 
house in a walled city, then hath his right 
of redemption been until the completion of 
a year from its selling; days- — is his right 
of redemption; -'"and if it is not redeemed 
until the fulness to him of a perfect j'ear, 
then hath the house which is in a walled 
city been established to extinction to the 
buyer of it, to his geueratious ; it goeth uot 
out in the jubilee ; ^^ and a house of the 
villa<;es which have no wall round about, 
on the field of the country is reckoned; 
redemption is to it, and in the jubilee if 
goctli out. 

•'- 'As to cities of the Levites — houses of 
the cities of their possession — redenijjtion 
age-during is to the Levites ; '•'^ as to him 
wlio rcihxnnetli from the Levites, botli the 
sale of a house and tiie city of his possession 
have gone out in the jid)ilce, for the houses 
of the cities of the; Levites arc their jiosscs- 
8Jon in the midst of tlie sons of Isi-ael. 
8(; 



■'■'And a field, a subui-b of their cities, ia 
not sold ; for a iK)ssessiou age-during it is to 
tliem. 

■^•' ' And when thy Ijrothcr is become jioor, 
and his hand hath failed with thee, then thou 
hast kept hold on him, sqjom-uer and settler, 
ami he hath lived with thee; -'"thou takest 
no usury from him, or increase ; and thou 
hast been afraid of thy God ; and thy brother 
hath lived with thee ; '■" thy money thou giv- 
est not to him in usury, and for increase thou 
givest not thy food; ^^1 am Jehovah your 
God, who hath brought y<Hi out of the laud 
of Egypt, to give to you the land of Canaan, 
to become your God. 

•*■' ' And when thy brother becometh poor 
with thee, and he hath been sold to thee, thou 
dost not lay on him servile service; •'"as an 
hireling, as a settler, he is with thee, till the 
year of the jubilee he doth serve with thee, — 
■'Hhen he hath gone out from thee, he and 
his sous with him, and hath turned back un- 
to his family ; even unto the possession of his 
lathers he doth tiu'u back. 

■'" 'For they are My servants, whom I have 
brought out from the land of Egypt: they are 
not sold with the sale of a servant ; ■*•* thou 
rulest not over him with rigour, and thou hast 
been afraid of thy God. 

■" 'And thy man-servant and thy handmaid 
whom thou hast art of the nations who are 
round about you ; of them ye buy man- 
servant and handmaid, ■"' and also of the 
sons of the settlers who are sojourning with 
you, of them ye buy, and of their families 
who are with you, which they have begotten 
in your land, and they have been to you for a 
possession ; ""' and ye have taken them for 
inheritance to your sons after you, to occupy 
for a ]iossessiou ; to the age ye lay service 
upon them, but upon your brethren, the sons 
of Israel, one with another, thou dost not 
rule over him with rigour. 

■''' ' And when the hand of a sojourner or 
settler with thee attaineth riches, and thy 
brother with him hath become poor, and he 
hath been sold to a sojourner, a settler with 
thee, or to the root of the family of a so- 
journer, ■"* after he hath been sold, there is a 
right of redemption to him; one of his breth- 
ren doth redeem him, •'•' or his uncle, or a son 
of his uncle, doth redeem him, or any of the 
relations of his flesh, of his family, doth re- 
deem him, or — his own hand hath attained— 
then he hath been redeemed. 

^"'And he hath reckoned with his buyer 
from the year of his being sold to him till the 
year of jubilee, and the money of his sale hath 
been by the number of years; as the days of 
an hireling it is with him. 

•'^ ' If yet many years, according to them he 
giveth back his redemption immei/, from the 
money of his purchase. 

■''- ' And if few are left of the years till the 
year of jululee, then he hath reckoned with 
him, according to his years he doth give l)ack 
his redemption money ; ''-'as an hireling, year 
by year, lie is with him, and he doth uot rule 
him with rigour before thine eyes. 

•''■' 'And if he is not i-cdcemed >n these ycarx, 
then he hath gone out in the year of jubilee, 



Rrdemption of servants. xxv. 55. — LEVITICUS. — xxvi. 41. Promises and threatenings. 



lie and his sons with him. ''^ Yor to Me are 
the sons of Israel servants ; My servants they 
fire, whom I liave brought out of the land of 
E'.rypt : I, Jehovah, mn yonr God. 

XxVI. ^ ' YE do not make to yonrselves 
idols ; and lo'aven image or standing image ye 
do not set up to yourselves ; and a stone of 
imagery ye do notput in your land, to bow your- 
selves to it ; for I am Jehovah your God. 

- ' jNIy sabbaths ye do keep, and My sanctii- 
ary ye do reverence ; I avi Jehovah. 

•^ ' If in My statutes ye walk, and My com- 
mands ye keep, and have done them, ■* then 
I have given your rains in their season, and 
the land hath given her produce, and the tree 
of the iield doth give its fruit ; ^ and reached 
to yoii hatli the threshing, the gathering, and 
the gatliering doth reach the soAving-if/me; 
and ye have eaten your bi-ead to satiety, and 
have dwelt confidently in yoiir land. 

*• ' And I have given peace in the laud, and 
ye have lain down, and there is none causing 
trembling ; and I have caused evil beasts to 
cease out of the land, and the sword doth not 
pass over into your land. 

" 'And ye have pursued your enemies, and 
they have fallen before you by the sword; 
^and five of you have pursued a hundred, 
and a hundred of you do pursue a mjrriad; 
and your enemies liave fallen before you by 
the sword. 

"'And I have turned unto you, and have 
made you fruitful, and have multiplied you, 
and have established My covenant with you ; 
'" and ye liave eaten old sto?-e, and the old be- 
cause of the new ye bring out. 

'^ 'And I have given My tabernacle in your 
midst, and My soul doth not loathe you ; 
^- and I have walked habitually in your midst, 
and have become your God, and ye— ye are 
become My people ; ^^ I am Jehovali your God, 
who have brought you out of the land of 
tlie Egy]itians, from being tlieir servants ; and 
I break the bars of your yoke, and cavise yoii 
to "O erect. 

^^ ' And if ye do not hearken to Me, and do 
not all these commands ; ]^ and if at My stat- 
utes ye liick, and if My jiidgments your soul 
loathe, so as not to do all My commands^to 
your breaking My covenant — ^•'1 also do this 
to you, and I have appointed over you trouble, 
the consumption, and the burning fever, con- 
suming eyes, and causing pain of soul ; and 
your seed in vain ye have sowed, and your 
enemies have eaten it ; ^" and I have set My 
face against you, and ye have been smitten 
before your enemies; and those hating you 
have ruled over you, and ye have fled, and 
there is none pursuing you. 

^^'And if unto these ye hearken not to 
Me, — then I liave added to chastise yoTi 
seven times for your sins ; ^^ and I have 
broken the pride of your strength, and have 
made your heavens as iron, and your earth 
as brass ; -" and consumed hath been your 
strength in vain, and your land doth not give 
her j)roduce, and the tree of the laud doth 
not give its fruit. 

-' ' And if ye walk with Me In o]>position, 
and are not willing to hearken to Me, then 
I have added to you a j)lague seven times, 



according to your sins, -- and sent against you 
the beast of the iield, and it hath bereaved 
you; and I have cut oil' your cattle, and have 
made you few, and yoiu* ways have been 
desolate. 

-3 ' And if by these ye are not instructed 
by Me, and have walked Avith Me in opposi- 
tion, '^ then I have walked — I also— witn you 
in opposition, and have smitten you, even I, 
seven times for your sins; "^and I have 
brought in on you a sword, executing the 
vengeance of a covenant; and ye have been 
gathered iinto your cities, and I have sent 
pestilence into your midst, and ve have been 
given into the hand of an enemy. 

-^ ' In My breaking to you the staff of 
bread, _ then ten women have baked your 
bread in one oven, and have given back your 
bread by weight; and ye have eaten, and are 
not satisfied. 

^'' ' And if for this ye hearken not to Me, 
and have walked with Me in opposition, 
'^ then I have walked with you in the ftxry of 
opposition, and have chastised you, even I, 
seven times for your sins. 
• ^^ ' And ye have eaten the flesh of your 
sons; even flesh of your daughters ye do eat. 
■'**And I have destroyed your high places, 
and cut down your images, and have put 
your carcases on the carcases of your idols, 
and My soul hath loathed you ; ^^ and I have 
made your cities a waste, and have made 
desolate your sanctuaries, and I smell not at 
your sweet fragrances ; '■''-' and I have made 
desolate the land, and your enemies, who 
are dwelling in it, have been astonished at it. 
^■^ And you I scatter among nations, and have 
drawn out after you a sword, and your land 
hath been a desolation, and yoiir cities are a 
waste. 

•'■* ' Then doth the land enjoy its sabbaths 
— all the days of the desolation, and ye in 
the land of your enemies — then doth the land 
rest, and hath enjoyed its sabbaths ; '■'^all 
the days of the desolation it resteth that 
which it hath not rested in your sabbaths in 
your dwelling on it. 

^^ ' And those who are left of you — I have 
also brought a faintness into their heart in 
the lands of their enemies, and the sound of 
a leaf driven away hath pursued them, and 
they have fled — flight from a sword — and 
they have fallen, and there is none pursuing. 
^"And they have stumbled one on another, 
as from the face of a sword, and there is 
none pursuing, and ye have no standing be- 
fore your enemies, •*'*and ye have perished 
among the nations, and the land of your 
enemies hath consumed you. 

^3 ' And those who are left of you — they 
consume away in their iniquity, in the lands 
of your enemies; and also in the iniquities 
of their fathers, with them they consume 
away. 

■*" ' And — they have confessed their ini- 
quity, and the iniquity of their fathers, in 
their trespass which they have trespassed 
against Me, and also, that they have walked 
with Me, in opposition, *^ also I walk to them 
in opposition, and have brought them into 
the land of their enemies— or then their un- 
87 



Laws conceiiiina voics. 



XXVI. 42.— LEVITICUS.— xxv^T. 34. 



and things sanctified. 



circumcised heart is Iniinblecl, and then they 
accept the punishment of their iniquity, — 
*^ then I have remembered My covenant with 
Jacob, and also My covenant with Isaac, and 
also My covenant with Abraham I remem- 
ber, and the land I remember. 

^ ' And — the land is left of them, and doth 
enjoy its sabbaths, in the desolation -withont 
them, and they accept the punishment of 
their iniquity, becanse, even because, against 
My judgments they have kicked, and My 
statutes hath their soul loathed, -"and also 
even this, in their being in the land of their 
enemies, I have not rejected them, nor have 
I loathed them, to consume them, to break 
My covenant ^vith them; for I a7n Jehovah 
their God; — ■'^tlien I have remembered for 
them the covenant of the ancestors, whom I 
brought forth out of the land of Egypt before 
the eyes of the nations to become tlieii* God ; 
I am Jehovah.' 

^^ These are the statiites, and the judg- 
ments, and the laws, wliich Jehovah hath 
given between Him and the sons of Israel, in 
mount Sinai, by the hand of Moses. 

XXVII. 1 AND Jehovah speaketh unto' 
Moses, saying, " ' Speak unto the sous of Is- 
rael, and thou hast said unto them, Wlieu a 
man maketh a wonderful vow, by thy valua- 
tion the persons are Jeliovah's. ^ When thy 
valuation hath been of the male from a son of 
twenty years even unto a son of sixty years, 
then hath been thy valuation fifty shekels of 
silver by the shekel of the sanctuary. •• And 
if it is a female — then hath thy valuation 
been thirty shekels ; ^ and if from a son of five 
years even unto a son of twenty years — then 
hath thy valuation been of the male twenty 
shekels, and for the female, ten shekels ; '' and 
if from a son of a month even unto a son of 
five years — then hath thy valuation been of 
the male five shekels of silver, and for the 
female thy valuation is three shekels of silver; 
7 and if from a son of sixty years and above — 
if a male, then hath thy valuation been fifteen 
shekels, and for a female, ten shekels. 

•* ' And if he is poorer than thy valuation, 
then he hath presented himself before the 
priest, and the priest hath valued him; ac- 
cording to that which the hand of him who is 
vowing doth reach doth the priest value him. 
" 'And if it is a beast of which they bring 
near an offering to Jehovah, all tliat one giv- 
eth of it to Jehovah is holy ; ^''ho doth not 
change it nor exchange it, a good for a liad, 
or a V)ad for a good; and if he really change 
beast for beast, — then it hath been— it and its 
exchange is holy. 

-1 ' And if it is any unclean beast of which 
they do not bring near an oflcring to Jehovah, 
tlien he hath presented the beast before the 
priest, ^- and the priest hath valued it ; whe- 
ther good or bad, according to thy valuation, 
priest, so it is ; '^ and if he really redeem 
it, then he hath added its fifth to tliy valua- 
tion. 
" * And when a man sanctifieth his house, 
88 



a holy thing to Jehovah, tlien hath the priest 
valued it, whether good or bad ; as the ju-iest 
doth value it so it standeth ; ^' and if he 
who is sanctifying doth redeem his house, 
tlien he hath added a fifth of the money of 
thy valuation to it, and it hath become his. 

i'' ' And if of the field of liis possession a 
man sanctify to Jehovah, then hath thy valu- 
ation been according to its seed ; a homer of 
liarley-seed at fifty shekels of silver ; '" if from 
the year of the jubilee he sanctify his field, ac- 
cording to thy valuation it standeth ; '* and if 
after the jubilee he sanctify his field, then 
hath the priest reckoned to him the money 
according to the years which are left, unto 
the year of the jubilee, and it hath been 
abated from thy valuation. 

1^ ' And if he really redeem the field — he 
who is sanctifying it — then he hath added a 
fifth of the money of thy valuation to it, and 
it hath been established to him; -''and if he 
do not redeem the field, or if he hath sold the 
field to another man, it is not redeemed any 
more; -' and the field hath been, in its going 
out in the jubilee, holy to Jehovah as a. field 
which is devoted • to the priest is its pos- 
session. 

" ' And if the field of his purchase (which 
is not of the fields of his possession) 07ie sanc- 
tify to Jehovah — -^ then hath the priest reck- 
oned to him the amount of thy valuation 
unto the year of jubilee, and he hath given 
tliy valuation in that day — a holy thing to 
Jehovah ; -"' in the year of the jubilee the field 
returneth to him from whom he bought it, 
to him whose is the possession of the laud. 
-•'' And all thy valuation is by the shekel of 
the sanctuary: twenty gerahs is the shekel. 

"'' ' Only, a firstling which is Jehovah's first- 
ling among beasts — no man doth sanctify it. 
whether ox or sheep; it /s Jehovah's. -"Auo 
if among the unclean beasts, then he hath 
ransomed it at thy valuation, and he hath 
added its fifth to it; and if it is not redeemed, 
then it hath been sold at thy valuation. 

-** ' Only, no devoted thing which a man do- 
voteth to Jehovah, of all that he hath, of 7nan, 
and beast, and of the field of his possession, 
is sold or redeemed; every devoted thing is 
most holy to Jehovah. 

"3 ' No devoted thing, which is devoted of 
man, is ransomed, it is stu-ely put to death. 
■'" And all tithe of the land, of the seed of the 
land, of the fruit of the tree, is Jehovah's— 
lioly to Jehovah. 

^' 'And if a man really redeem an?/ of his 
tithe, its fifth he addeth to it. 

^- ' And all the tithe of the herd and of the 
fiock — all tliat passeth by under the rod— the 
tenth is holy to Jehovah; '"he enquircth not 
between good and bad, nor doth he change it; 
and if he really change it— then it hath been 
—it and its exchange is holy; it is not re- 
deemed.' 

^' These a»T the commands which Jeliovah 
hath commanded Moses for the sons of Israel, 
in mount Sinai. 



NUMBERS. 



CHAP. I. lAND Jehovah speaketh unto 
Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tent 
of meeting, on the first of the second month, 
in the second year of their going out of the 
land of Egypt, saying : 

- 'Take ye np the sum of all the company 
of the sons of Israel by their families, by the 
house of their fathers, in the number of names 
^every male by their polls ; ^ from a son of 
twenty years and upward, eveiy one going 
out to the host in Israel, ye do number them 
by their hosts, thou and Aaron; ''and with 
you there is a man for a tribe, each is a head 
to the ho\ise of his fathers. 

^ ' And these cu-e tlie names of the men who 
stand with you : 

' For Reuben — Elizur sou of Shedeur. 

" ' For Simeon — Shelumiel son of Zurishad- 
dai. 

" ' For .Tudah— Nahshon son of Ammina- 
dab. 

8 ' For Issachar — Nathaneel son of Zuar. 

■' ' For Zebiilun — Eliab son of Helon. 
^^ ' For the sons of .Joseph — for Ephraim : 
Elishama son of Ammihua: lor Manasseh— 
Gamaliel son of Pedahziir. 

^ ' For Benjamin — Abi'dan son of Gideoni. 

'- 'For Dan — Ahiezer sou oi Ammishad 
dai. 

" ' For Asher— Pagiel son of Ocran. 

'j ' For Gad— Eliasaph son of Deuel. 

'° ' For Naphtali — Ahira son of Euan.' 

^_^ These are those called of the comjiany, 
princes of the tribes of their fathers ; they are 
heads of the thousands of Israel. 

^''And Moses taketh — Aaron also — these 
men, who were defined by name, ^^ and all the 
company they assembled on the first of the 
second month, and they declare their births, 
by their families, by the liouse of their fathers, 
in the number of names from a son of twenty 
years and upward, by their polls, ^^as Je- 
hovah hath commanded Moses; and he num- 
bereth them in the Avilderness of Sinai. 

""And the sons of Reid^en, Israel's first- 
bom — their births, by their families, by the 
house of their fathers, in the number of names, 
by their polls,?every male from a son of twenty 
years and upward, every one going out to 
the host — -^ their numbered ones, for the tribe 
of Reulieu, are six and forty thousand and 
five hundred. 

-"Of the sons of Simeon — their births, by 
their families, by the house of their fathers, 
its numbered ones in the number of names, 
by their ]iolls, eveiy male from a son of twenty 
years and upward, every one going out to the 
host — -^ their numbered ones, for the tribe of 
Simeon, are ninetand fifty thousand and three 
hiHidred. 

■■^ Of the sons of Gad — their births, by their 
families, by the house of their fathers, in the 
number of names, from a son of twenty years 
and upward, every one going out to the host 
— 'stiioir niirnbered ones, for the tribe of Gad, 



are five and forty thousand and six hundred 
I and fifty. 

1 "^Of the sons of Judah— their Inrths, by 
j their families, by the house of their fathers, 
I in the number of names, from a son of twenty 
I years and upward, every one going out to the 
i host — "" their numl)ered ones, for the tribe of 
: Judah, are four and seventy thousand and 
j six hundi-ed. 

: ^_0f the sons of Issachar — their births, by 
their familes, by the house of their fathers, 
in the number of names, from a son of twenty 
years and upward, every one going out to the 
host^-^ their nitmbered ones, for the tribe of 
1 Issachar, are four and fifty thousand and four 
j himdred. 

I 3" Of the sons of Zebulim — their births, by 
their families, by the house of their fathers, 
in the number of names, from a son of twenty 
years and upward, every one going oiit to the 
host— -^1 their numbered ones, for the tribe of 
Zebiduu, are seven and fifty thousand and 
. four himdred. 

^"Of the sons of Joseph — of the sons of 
Ephraim — their births, by their families, by 
the house of their fathers, in the number of 
names, from a son of twenty years and up- 
ward, every one, going out to the host — •*■* their 
numbered ones, for the tribe of Ephraim, are 
forty thousand and five hundred. 

^_0f the sons of Manasseh — their births, by 
their families, by the house of their fathers, 
in the number of names, from a!son of twenty 
years and upward, every one going out to the 
host — '^^ tlieir numbered ones, for the tribe of 
Manasseh, are two and thirty thousand and 
two hundred. 

^•^ Of the sons of Benjamin — their births, by 
their families, by the hoiise of their fathers, 
in the nmnlier of names, from a son of twenty 
years and upward, every one going out to the 
host — ^^ their nimibered ones, for the tribe of 
Benjamin, are five and thirty thousand and 
four himdred. 

^^ Of the sons of Dan — their births, by their 
famihes, by the house of their fathers, in the 
number of names, from a son of twenty years 
and upward, every one going out to the host 
— ^^ theh' numbered ones, for the tribe of Dan, 
are two and sixty thousand and seven hun- 
dred. 

■'"Of the sons of Asher— their births, by 
their families, by the house of then- fathers, 
in the number of names, from a son of twenty 
years and upward, every one going out to the 
host — ^^ their numbered ones, for the tribe of 
Asher, are one and forty thousand and five 
hundred. 

*" 0/the sons of Naphtali— their births, by 
their families, by the house of their fathers, in 
the number of names, from a .son of twenty 
vears and upward, every one going out to the 
host — ■'•'their numliered ones, for tlie tribe of 
N'aphtali, are three and fifty thousand and 
four hundred, 

89 



N'umhmnfj of the Ti^arlUcs. 



I. 44.— NUMBERS.— TTT. 1. !^fnf!nn!! offhr tcvcral ti-ihes. 



■*■' Tlicf?o arr those iinmhcrcd, whom INIoscs 
num])crc(l — Aai-oii ;ilso, and tho princes of 
Israel, twelve men — each for the honso of his 
fathers, they have been. '*•'' And they arc, all 
those nnmhered of the sons of Israel, by the 
house of their fathers, from a sou of tw-enty 
years and upward, every one going out to the 
host in Israel, ""'yea, all those mimbered are 
six hundred thousand, and three thousand, 
and five hundred and fifty. 

•*" And the Levitcs, for the tribe of their 
fathers, have not numbered themselves in 
their midst, '*^ seeing Jehovah speaketh unto 
Moses, saying, ■'^ ' Only, the tribe of Levi thou 
dost not nurnber, and their suni thou dost not 
take up in the midst of the sons of Israel; 
'"and thou, appoint the Levitcs over the 
tabernacle of the testimony, and over all its 
vessels, and over all that it hath ; they bear 
the tabernacle, and all its vessels, and they 
serve it; and round al)out the tabernacle 
tliey encamp. 

^' ' And in the journeying of the tabernacle, 
the Levites take it down, and in the encamp- 
ing of tlie tabernacle, the Levites raise it iip; 
and the stranger who is coming near is put to 
death.' 

^'^ And the sons of Israel have encamped, 
each by his camp, and each by his standard, 
by their hosts ; '■* and the Levites encamp 
round about the tabernacle of the testimony; 
and there is no \vTath on the company of the 
sons of Israel, and the Levites have kept the 
charge of the tabernacle of the testimony. 

^' And the sons of Israel do according to all 
that Jehovah hath commanded Moses; so 
they have done. 

IT. ^ AND Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, 
and imto Aaron, saying, - ' Each by his stan- 
dard, witli ensigns of the house of their 
fathers, do the sons of Israel encamp; over- 
against round about the tent of meeting 
they encamp.' 

^And those encamping eastward towards 
the sun-rising, are of the standard of the camp 
of Judah, by their hosts ; and the prince of 
the sons of Judah is Nahshon, son of Am- 
miuadab ; ■* and his host, and their numbered 
ones, arc. four and seventy thousand and six 
liundred. 

^' And those encamping by him are of the 
tribe of Issachar ; and the prince of the sons 
of Issachar is Nethaueel son of Zuar ; " and 
liis host, and its numbered ones, rtj-e four and 
fifty thousand and foirr hundj-cd. 

^The tribe of Zebulun ; and the prince of 
the sons of Zebulun is Eliab son oi Helon ; 
8 and his host, and its numbered ones, are 
seven and fifty thousand and four hundrcnl ; 
•' all those niimberod of the camp of Judah 
are a hundred thousand, and eighty thousand, 
and six thousand, and four hundred, by their 
hosts ; they journey first. 

'"The standard of the camp of Eeuben is 
soutliward, by their hosts ; and the prince of 
the sons of Tlcnben is Elizur son of Shedcur; 
" and his host, and its numbered ones, arc 
six and forty tliousand and live nunnred. 

I'-' And those encamping by him are of the 
tribe of Simeon ; and the prince of the sons of 
90 



Simeon is Sheliiniicl son of Zurishaddai ; 
''and his host, and tlicir numlicred ones, are 
nine and fifty thousand and three hundred. 

^■' And the tribe of Gad; and the prince 
of the sons of Gad is Eliasaiih son of Kouel ; 
^^ and his host, and their numliered ones, ai-e 
five and forty thousand and six hundred aiul 
fifty. 1" All those numbered of the camp of 
Reuben are a hundred thousand, and f)ne and 
fifty thousand, and four hundred and fifty, by 
their hosts; and they journey second. 

^"And the tent of meeting — the camp of 
the Levites — hath journeyed in the midst of 
the camps; as they encamp so they journey, 
each at his station by their standards. 

^8 The standard of the camp of Ephraim, 
by their hosts, is westward ; and the prince 
of the sons of Ephraim is Elishama son of 
Ammihud; '"and his host, and their numbered 
ones, are forty thousand and five hundred. 

'-'" And by him is the trilje of Manasseh ; 
and the prince of the sons of Manasseh w 
Gamaliel son of Pedahzur; -^and his host, 
and their numbered ones, are two and thirty 
thousand, and two hundred. _ 

■-■- And the tribe of Benjamin ; and the 
l)rince of the sons of Benjamin is Abidan son 
of Gideoni ; "^ and his host, and their num- 
bered ones, are five and thirty thousand and 
four himdred. -^All those numbered of 
the camp of Ephraim a?'e a hundred thou- 
sand, and eight thoiisand, and a hundred, by 
their hosts ; and they jom-ney third. 

-^ The standard of the camp of Dan is 
northward, by their hosts ; and the prince 
of the sons of Dan is Ahiezer son of Ammish- 
addai; -"and his host, and their numbere<l 
ones, are two and sixty thoiisand and seven 
hundred. 

-^ And those encamping by him are of tlie 
tribe of Asher ; and the prince of the sons of 
Asher is Pagiel son of Ocran ; -*'and his host, 
and their numbered ones, are one and forty 
tliousand and five lumdred. 

"' And the tribe of Naphtali ; and the 

i)rincc of the sons of Na]ihtaii is Ahira son of 
Cnan ; ^"and his host, and their numbered 
ones, are three and fifty thousand and four 
hundred. ■'' All those numbered of the camp 
of Dan are a hundred thousand, and seven 
and fifty thousand, and six huudri'd; at the 
rear they journey, by their standards. 

•*'- These are those numbered of the sons of 
Israel by the house of their fathers ; all those 
numbered of the camps by their hosts are six 
hundred thousand, and three thousand, and 
live luuulred and fifty. 

*' And the Levitcs have not numbered them- 
selves in the midst of the sons of Israel, as 
Jehovah hath commanded Moses. 

■'^ And the sons of Israel do according to 
all that Jehovah liath commanded Moses ; so 
they have encamiicd by their standards, and 
so tiiey have journeyed ; each by his families, 
by the house of his fathers. 

TIL 1 AND these are births of Aaron .and 
Moses, in the day of Johov.-ih's s] leaking 
with Moses in mount Sinai. - And these are 
the names of tlic sons of Aaron : tlic first- 
born Nadab, and Abihn, Kloaz.ir, and Ith.a- 



F!i'pnration of the Levifen. 



IT!. 3.-NUMBERS.-iir. 40. 



TJie Levites numberod. 



mar; •' tlioso are the names of the sons of 
A;iron, tlie anointed priests, wliose hand he 
hath consecrated for acting as priest. '^And 
Nadab dietli — Ahihu also — before Jehovah, 
in their bringing near strange fire before Je- 
hovah, in the wilderness of Sinai, and sons 
they had not ; and Eleazar — Ithamar also — 
acteth as priest in the presence of Aaron 
tiieir father. 

''And Jehovah speaketli unto Moses, say- 
ing, '' ' Bring near the tribe of Levi, and thon 
liast caused it to stand before Aaron the 
priest, and they have served him, ■' and kept 
his charge, and the charge of all the company 
before the tent of meeting, tc do the ser\'ice 
of the tabernacle; ^and they have kept all 
the vessels of the tent of meeting, and the 
charge of the sons of Israel, to do the service 
of the tabernacle; "and thon hast given the 
Levites to Aaron and to his sons ; they are 
surely given to him out of the sons of Israel. 

'" ' And Aaron and his sons ithon dost 
appoint, and they have kept their priest- 
liood, and tlie stranger who cometh near is 
put to death.' 

^1 And Jehovah speaketh unto INIoses, say- 
ing, I'-'And I, lo, I have taken the Levites 
irom the midst of the sons of Israel instead 
-\f eve.-y first-born opening a womb among 
the sons of Israel, and the Levites have 
been Mine ; ^^ for Mine is every first-born, 
in the day of My smiting every first-born in 
the land of Egypt I have sanctified to My- 
self every first Ijorn in Israel, from man unto 
beast ; Mine they are ; I am Jehovah.' 

1^ And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses in 
the wilderness of Sinai, saying, ^'^' Number 
the sons of Levi by the hotise of their fathers, 
by their families ; every male from a son of a 
month and upward thou dost number them.' 

i®And Moses numbereth them according 
to the command of Jehovah, as he hath been 
commanded. 

'''And these are sons of Levi by their 
names: Ger.shon, and Kohath, and Merari. 

'8 And these are the names of the sons of 
Gershon by their families : Libni and Shimei. 

'^ And the sons of Kohath, by their farnilies, 
are Amram and Izhar, Hebron and_Uzziel._ 

-' And the sons of Merari by their families 
are Mahli and Mushi; these are the families 
of the Levites, by the house of their fathers. 

^^ Of Gershon is the family of the Libnite, 
and the family of the Shimite ; these are 
the families of the Gershonite. ^'^ Their 
numbered ones, in number, every male 
from a son of a, month and iipward, their 
numbered ones are seven thousand and five 
hundred. ^-'The families of the Gershonite, 
behind the tabernacle, do encamp westward. 
^ And the prince of a father's house for the 
Gershonite is Eliasaph son of Lael. 

-'And the charge of the sons of Gershon 
in the tent of meeting is the tabernacle, and 
the tent, its covering, and the vail at the 
opening of the tent of meeting, "-"'and the 
hangings of the court, and th,e vail at the 
opening of the court, which w by the taber- 
nacle and by the altar ro\ind about, and its 
cords, to all its service. 

'^ And of Kohath is the family of the Am- 



ramite, and tlie familv of the Tzharite, 
and the family of tlie iTcltronitc, and the 
family of the Uzzielite ; these are families 
of the Kohathite. ^^ j,^ number, all the 
males, from a son of a month and upward, 
are eight thousand and six hundred, keep- 
ing the charge of the sanctuary. -"The 
families of the sons of Kohath encamp by 
the side of the tabernacle southward. ^^ And 
the prince of a father's house for the fami- 
lies _ of the Kohathite is Elizaphan son of 
Uzziel. 

''^Atid their charge is the ark, and the 
table, and the candlestick, and the altars, 
and the vessels of the sanctxiary witli which 
they serve, and the vail, and all its service. 
•'"And to the prince of the princes of the 
Levites, Eleazar son of Aaron the priest, is 
the oversight of the keepers of the charge of 
the sanctuary. 

^•' Of Merari is the family of the Mahlite, 
and the family of the Mushite; these are 
the families of Merari. ^^And their num- 
bered ones, in number, all the males from 
a sou of a mouth and upward, are six thou- 
sand and two hundred. ■'■'•And the prince 
of a father's house for the families of Merari 
is Znriel son of Abihail ; by tlie side of the 
tabernacle they encamp northward. 

^" And the oversight — the charge of the 
sons of Merari — is the boards of the taber- 
nacle, and its bars, and its pillars, and its 
sockets, and all its vessels, and all its ser- 
vice, ^'and the pillars of the court round 
about, and their sockets, and their pins, and 
their cords. 

^^ And those encampin.g before the taber- 
nacle eastward, before the tent of meeting, 
at the east, are Moses and Aaron, and his 
sons, keeping the charge of the sanctuary for 
the charge of the sons of Israel, and the 
stranger who cometh near is put to death. 

^•' All those numbered of the Levites whom 
Moses numbered — Aaron also — by the com- 
mand of Jehovah, by their families, every 
male from a son of a mouth and upward, are 
two and twenty thousand. 

'"' And Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' Num- 
ber every first-born male of the sons of Israel 
from a son of a month and up%vard, and take 
up the number of their names ; "" and thou 
hast taken the Levites for Me (I am Jehovah), 
instead of every first-born among the sons of 
Israel, and the cattle of the Legates instead 
of every firstling among the cattle of the sons 
of Israel.' 

■*- And Moses numbereth, as Jehovah hath 
commanded him, all the first-born among the 
sons of Israel. ■*•' And all the first-born — 
male — by the number of names, from a son of 
a month and upward, of their numbered ones, 
are two and twenty thousand two hundred 
and seventy and three. 

'^ And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, •*■' 'Take the Legates instead of every 
first-born among tlie sous of Israel, _ and the 
cattle of the Levites instead of their cattle; 
and the Levites have been Mine; I am Jeho- 
vah. 

•"' 'And from those ransomed of the two 
hundred and seventy and three (who are more 
91 



Separation of the Levites. 



Til. 47.— NUMBERS.— rv. 34. 



Office of the LevUes 



than the Levites) of the Hrst-boi-n of the sons 
of Israel, '•"tliou liast even taken five shekels 
a-piece by the poll — by the shekel of the sanc- 
tuary thou takest ; twenty gerahs the shekel 
is ; ■^^ and thou hast given the money to 
Aaron, and to his sons, whereby those over 
and above are ransomed.' 

"••' And Moses taketh the ransora money 
from those over and above those ransomed 
by the Levites; ^^ from the first-born of the 
sons of Israel he hath taken the money, a 
thousand and three hundred and sixty and 
five — by_ the shekel of the sanctuary; ^^ and 
Moses giveth the money of those ransomed to 
Aaron, and to his sous, according to the com- 
mand of .lehovah, as Jehovah hath command- 
ed Moses. 

IV. ^ AND Jehovah spcakcth unto Moses, 
and unto Aaron, saying, - ' Take u]i the sum 
of the sous of Kohath from the midst of the 
sous of Levi, by their famiUes, by the house of 
their fathers ; ■' from a son of thirty years and 
upward, even till a son of fifty years, every 
one going in to the host, to do work in the 
tent of meeting. 

•* ' This is the service of the sons of Kohath 
in the tent of meeting, the holy of holies : 
^ that Aaron and his sons have come in, in the 
Journeying of the camp, and have taken down 
the vail of the hangiug, and have covered 
with it the ark of the testimony; "and have 
imt on it a covering of badger skin, and have 
spread a garment completely of blue above, 
and have placed its staves. 

^ 'And on the table of the presence they 
spread a garment of blue, and have put on it 
the dishes, and the spoons, and the bowls, 
and the cups of the libation, and the bread 
of continuity is on it, ^ and they have spread 
over them a garment of scarlet, and have co- 
vered it with a covering of badger skin, and 
have placed its staves, ■' and have taken a 
garment of blue, and have covered the candle- 
stick of the lamp, and its lights, and its 
snuffers, and its snufi'-dishes, and .all its oil 
vessels wherewith they minister to it ; ^^ and 
they have put it and all its vessels unto a 
covering of badger skin, and have put ii on 
the bar. 

" ' And on the golden altar they s^jread a 
garment of blue, and have covered it witli a 
covering of badger skin, and have placed its 
staves ; '- and have taken all the vessels of 
ministry wherewith they minister in the sanc- 
tuary, and have jnit f/mn unto a garment of 
bine, and have covered them with a covering 
of badger skin, and have put the7n on the 
bar, ^'^ and have removed the ashes of the 
altar, and have s]jrcad over_ it a garment of 
pnri)le; '^ and have ]nit on it all its vessels 
wherewith they minister about it, the censers, 
the hooks, and the shovels, and the bowls, all 
the vessels of the altar, and have spread on 
it a covering of badger skin, and have ]ilaced 
its staves : 

" ' And Aaron hath finished — his sons also 
— covering the sanctuary, and all the vessels 
of the Hanctuary, in the journeying of tlie 
camp, and afterwards do the sous of Koliatli 
come in to bear it, and they do not come unto 
92 



the holy thing, that they have died; theso 
tlumift are the burden of the sons of Kohath 
in the tent of meeting. 

i** ' And the oversight of Eleazar, son of 
Aaron the priest, is tlie oil of the lamp, and 
the spice-perfume, and the present of contin- 
uity, and the anointing oil, the oversight of 
all the tabernacle, and of all that is in it, in 
the sanctuary, and in its vessels.' 

^"And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses and 
unto Aaron, saying, ^^ ' Ye do not cut off 
the tribe of the families of the Kohathite 
from the midst of the Levites; i^but this 
do to them, and they have lived, and do not 
die in their drawing nigh the holy of holies: — 
Aaron and his sons go in, and have set 
them, each man to his service, and unto his 
bm'deu, -" and they go not in to see when the 
holy thing is swallowed, that they have died.' 

-1 And .Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, " ' Take up the sum of the sons of G-er- 
slion also by the house of their fathers, by 
their families ; -■* from a son of thirty years 
and upward, till a son of fifty years thou dost 
number them, every one who is going in to 
serve the host, to do the service in the tent of 
meeting. 

-■* ' This is the service of the families of the 
Gershonite, to serve — and for burden, -'and 
they have borne the curtains of the taber- 
nacle, and the tent of meeting, its covering, 
and the covering of the badger shin which is 
on it above, and the vail at the opening of the 
tent of meeting, ""and the hangings of the 
court, and the vail at the opening of the gate 
of the court which is by the tabernacle, and 
by the altar round about, and their cords, 
and all the vessels of their service, and all 
that is made for them — and they have 
served. 

-'' ' By the command of Aaron and his sons 
is all the service of the sons of the Gershonite 
in all their burden, and in all their service ; 
and ye have laid a charge on them concerning 
the charge of all their burden. -** This is the 
service of the families of the sons of the Ger- 
shonite in the tent of meeting; and their 
charge is under the hand of Ithamar son of 
Aaron the priest. 

^ 'The sons of Merari, by their families, by 
the house of their fathers, thou dost number 
them ; •'<• from a son of thirty years and up- 
ward even imto a son of fifty years thou dost 
nimiber them, every one who is going in to 
the host, to do the ser\ace of the tent of meet- 
ing. 

^1 ' And this is the charge of their burden, 
of all their service in the tent of meeting; the 
boards of the tabernacle, and its bars, and its 
jnllars, and its sockets, ■*- and the pilkars of 
the court i-ound about, and their sockets, and 
their jiina, and their cords, of all their vessels, 
and of all their service ; and by name ye do 
number the vessels of the charge of their 
burden. 

3S ' This is the service of the families of the 
sons of Merari, for all their service, in the 
tent of meeting, by the h.and of Ithamar son 
of A.-iron tlio lu-icst.' 

■"And Moses uumbereth— A.aron also, .and 
the princes of the companv - the sons of the 



Ofice of tlie Levites. 



IV. 35.— NUMBERS.— V. 24. 



The Levites numbered. 



Kohatliite, by their families, and by the 
house of their fathers, '^^ from a sou of thirty 
years ami upward eveu xiuto a sou of fifty 
years, every one who is going iu to the host, 
for service in the tent of meeting, ^''' and their 
nmnbered cues, by their families, are two 
thousand seven hundred and hffcy. ^'' These 
are those numbered of the families of the Ko- 
hathite, eveiy one who is serving iu the teut 
of meeting, whom Moses and Aaron number- 
ed, by the command of Jehovah, by the hand 
of Moses. 

^ And those niimbered of the sons of Ger- 
shon, by their families, and by the house of 
theu" fathers, ^^ from a son of thirty years and 
iipwai-d even unto a son of fifty years, every 
one who is going in to the host, for ser\'ice in 
the tent of meeting, *'eveu their numbered 
oues, by their families, by the house of their 
fathers, are two thoiisaud and six himdred 
and thirty. •*! These are those numbered of 
the families of the sons of Gershon, every one 
who is serving in the tent of meeting, whom 
Moses and Aaron numbered by the command 
of Jehovah. 

•*" And those numbered of the families of 
the sons of Merari, by their families, by the 
house of their fathers, ■^^ from a son of thirty 
years and upward even unto a son of fifty 
years, every one who is going in to the host, 
for serWce in the tent of meeting, "'^even 
their niunbered ones, by their families, are 
three thousand and two hundred. '^^ These 
are those numbered of the families of the sous 
of Merari, wliom Moses and Aaron nima- 
bered, by the command of Jehovah, by the 
hand of Moses. 

■*^ All those nimibered, whom Moses num- 
bered — Aaron also, and the princes of Israel 
— of the LeTites, by their families, and by the 
house of their fathers, '*'' from a son of thirty 
years and upward even unto a son of fifty 
years, every one who is goiug iu to do the 
work of the service, eveu tlie service of bur- 
den in the teut of meeting, ■^^even their 
nmnbered oues are eight thousand and five 
hundred aud eighty; '^''by the command of 
Jehovah hath one numbered them, 1)y the 
hand of Moses, each man by his service, and 
by his burden, with his numbered ones, as 
Jehovah hath commanded Moses. 

V. ^And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, 
saying, - ' Command the sous of Israel, and 
they send out of the camp every leper, and 
every one with an issue, and every one de- 
filed by a body; -'from male unto female ye 
do send out ; unto the outside of the camp 
ye do send them ; and they defile not their 
camps in the midst of which I do taber- 
nacle.' 

■* And the sons of Israel do so, and they 
send them out unto the outside of the camp ; 
as Jehovah hath spoken unto Moses so have 
the sous of Israel done. 

^ Aud Jehovah si^eaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, •> ' Speak unto the sons of Israel, Man or 
woman, when they do any of the sins of 
man, by committing a trespass against Jeho- 
vah, and that person is guilty, " and they 
have confessed their sin which thev have 



done, tlieu he liatli restored his guilt in its 
princii)al, aud its tiftli is adding to it, and 
hath given it to him^ in reference to whom he 
hath l>cen guilty. 

* ' And if the man have no redeemer to re- 
store the guilt to, the giult which is restored 
is Jehovah's, the priest's, ai:)art from the ram 
of the atonements, whereby he maketh atone- 
ment for him. 

^ ' Aud every heave-offering of all the holy 
things of the sons of Israel, which they bring 
near to the priest, becometh his ; i*' and any 
man's hallowed things become his ; that 
which auy man giveth to the priest becom- 
eth his.' 

^1 Aud .Jehovah speaketh vmto Moses, say- 
ing, 1- ' Speak unto the sons of Israel, and 
thou hast said imto them. When any man's 
■wife turueth aside, and hath committed 
against him a trespass, ^^ and a man hath lain 
with her with the seed of copiUation, and it 
hath been hid from the eyes of her husband, 
aud concealed, and she hath been defiled, 
and there is no witness against her, and she 
hath not been caught, ^^and a spirit of jea- 
lousy hath passed over him, and he hath 
been jealous of his ^vife, and she hath been 
defiled; — or, a spirit of jealousy hath passed 
oyer him, aud he hath been jealous of his 
wife, and she hath not been dehled — 

^^ ' Then hath the man brought in his wife 
unto the priest, aud he hath brought in her 
offering for her, a tenth of the ephali of 
barley meal, he doth not pour on it oil, nor 
doth he put on it franldncensc, for it is a 
present of jealousy, a ■present of memorial, 
causing remembrance of iniquity. 

'^^ ' And the X)i'iest hath brought her near, 
aud hath caused her to stand before Jeho- 
vah, 1' and the priest hath taken holy water 
in an earthen vessel, aud of the dust which is 
on the floor of the tabernacle doth the priest 
take, aud hath put it into the water, ^^ and 
the priest hath caused the womau to stand 
before Jehovah, and hath uncovered the 
woman's head, and hath given into her hands 
the ijreseut of the memorial, it is a present of 
jealoiisy, and iu the hand of the priest ar« 
tiie bitter waters which cause the curse. 

13 'And the priest hath caused her to swear, 
aud hath said unto the woman. If no man 
hath lain with thee, and if thou hast not 
turned aside to uucleanness under thy hus- 
band, lie free from these bitter waters which 
cause the ciu'se ; "•* aud thou, if thou hast 
turned aside uuder thy husband, aud if thou 
hast been dehled, aud any man doth give his 
co|iulation to thee liesides thy husband- — 
"1 (then the priest hath caused the woman to 
swear with an oath of execration, and the 
]iriest hath said to the woman) — Jehovah 
doth give thee for an execration, and for a 
ciu'se, in the midst of thy yieople, in Jeho- 
vah's .giving thy thigh to fall, and thy belly 
to swell, " and these waters which cause the 
curse have gone into thy bowels, to cause the 
belly to swell, aud the thiuh to fall ; and the 
womau hath said, Amen, Amen. 

"■* ' And the jiriest hath written these exe- 
crations iu a book, and hath blotted them out 
■with the bitter waters, -■* and hath caused 
93 



i'he hitter loaters o/jealousi/. 



V. 25.— JS^tTT.iiJfiRS.— VII. '6. 



Tfie law of the Nazarite, 



the woman to drink the bitter waters which 
cause the curse, and tlie Avaters whicli cause 
the curse have entered into her for bitter 
things. 

-5 ' And the iiriest hath taken out of the hand 
of the woman the present of jealousy, and 
hath waved the present before Jehovah, and 
iiatli brou'^lit it near unto the altar; -"and 
the priest hath taken a handful of the present, 
its memorial, and hath made perfume on the 
altar, and afterwards doth cause the woman 
to drink the water : '^^ yea, he hath caused her 
to drink the water, and it hath come to pass, 
if she hath been deliled, and doth commit a 
trespass against her husband, that the waters 
which cause the curse have gone into her for 
bitter things, aud her belly liath swelled, 
aud her thigh hath fallen, and the woman 
hath become an execration in the midst of 
her peoiile. 

-^'And if the woman hath not been dehled, 
and is clean, then she hath been acquitted, 
and hath been sown vnth seed. 

-'■' ' Tliis is the law of jealousies, when a wife 
turneth aside under her husband, and hath 
l)een defiled, -'"or when a spirit of jealousy 
passeth over a man, and he hath been jealous 
of his wife, than he hath caused tlie woman 
to stand befox'e Jehovah, and the priest hath 
done to her all this law, •*' and the man hath 
been acqiutted from iniquity, and that woman 
doth bear her iniqiuty.' 

VI. 1 AND Jehovah speakcth unto Moses, 
saying, "'Speak unto the sons of Israel, and 
thou hast said unto them, When a man or 
woman doeth singularly, by vowing a vow of a 
Nazarite, to be separate to Jehovah; ^from 
wine and strong drink he doth keep separate ; 
vinegar of wine, and vinegar of strong dr-iuk 
he doth not drink, aud any juice of grajies 
he doth not drink, aud grapes moist or dry 
he doth not eat ; ■'all days of his sci)aration, 
of anything which is made of the wiuc-vine, 
from kernels even unto huslv, he doth not eat. 

'''AH days of the vow of his separation a 
razor doth not pass over his head; tiU the 
fulness of the days which he doth sejiarate 
to Jehovah he is holy ; grown up hath the 
upper pai-t of the hair of his head. 

" ' All days of his keci)ing separate to Je- 
hovah, near a dead person he doth not go; 
''for his fatlicr, or for his mother, for his 
brother, or for his sister — he is not unclean 
for theni at their death, for the separation of 
his God «'*■ on his head; '*all days of Ids separa- 
tion he is holy to Jehovah. 

••'And when the dead dieth beside him 
in an instant, suddenly, and lie hath defiled 
the head of his sejiaration, then he hath 
sliaved his head in the day of liis cleansing ; 
on tlie seventh day he (lotli slias-e it, '"and 
on the eiglith day he briugeth in two turtle- 
doves or two young jiigeons unto the ])riest, 
unto the opening of the tent of meeting, 
1' and tlie i)riest hath lu'epared one for a sin- 
olVerin;;, and one for a burnt-oM'ering, aud 
hath ma<lij atomiiient for him, because of 
that whii;li In- liath sinned by the body, and 
he hatli hallowed his httad on that (lay; 
Wj>,ml lie hath sei)arat<'d to Jehovah the days 



of his separation, and he hath brought in a 
lamb, a son of a yeai-, for a guilt-offering, 
and the former days are fallen, for his se- 
paration hath been defiled. 

13 ' Aud this is the law of the Nazarite; in 
the day of the fulness of the days of his sepa- 
ration doth one bring him in imto the opening 
of the tent of meetiuLC, " and he hath brought 
near his offering to Jehovah, one he-lamb, a 
son of a year, a perfect one, for a burnt- 
offering, and one she-lamb, a daughter of a 
year, a perfect one, for a sin-offering, and 
one ram, a perfect one, for ])eace-offei-ings, 
'^^ aud a basket of unleavened things of ff our, 
cakes mixed with oil, and thin cakes of un- 
leavened things anointed with oil, and their 
present, and their libations. 

i""' ' And the priest hath brought them near 
before Jehovah, aud hath made his sin-offer- 
ing and his burnt-off'ei'ing ; '' and the ram he 
maketh a sacrifice of peace-offerings to Jeho- 
vah, besides the basket of unleavened things; 
and the priest hath made its present and its 
libation. 

1** ' Aud the Nazarite hath shaved (at the 
opening of the tent of meeting) the head of 
his separation, aud hath taken the hair of 
the head of his sejiaratiou, and hath put it on 
the ffre which is under the sacrifice of the 
peace-off'erings. 

1" ' And the priest hath taken the boiled 
shoulder from the ram, and one unleavened 
cake out of the liasket, and one tliin un- 
leavened cake, aud hath put on the palms of 
the Nazarite after his shaving his separation ; 
'''and the priest hath waved them, a wave- 
offering before Jehovah ; it is holy to the 
priest, besides the breast of the wave-ottering, 
and besides the leg of the heave-offering; aud 
afterwards doth the Nazarite drink wine. 

21 'This is the law of the Nazarite, who 
voweth his ottering to Jehovah for his se- 
]iaration, apart from that which his hand 
attaineth; according to his vow which he 
voweth so he doth by the law of his sepa- 
ration.' 

" And Jehovah siieaketh unto ?>Ioses, say- 
ing, '^'^ ' Speak unto Aaron, .and unto his sons, 
saying. Thus ye do bless the sons of Israel, 
saying to them, 

-'•' '.Tc'hovah bless thee aud keeii thee ; 
-•'''' Jehovah cause His face to shine upon 
thee, and favour thee ; 

-" 'Jehovah lift u]) ITis countenance ui)on 
thee, aud aiipoint for thee - ]ieaco. 

='' 'And they have put ]\Iy name ujion the 
sons of Israel, and I — I do bless them.' 

VII. 1 AND it conieth to pass ou the day 
of Moses' finisliing settiu'j: up the tabernacle, 
that lie auointeth it, and sanctilieth it, aud 
all its vessels, and the altar, and all its ves- 
sels, aud he anointt:th them, and sauctitieth 
them, "anil the princes of Israel (heads of 
the house of their fathers, they arc princes of 
tlic tribes, they who are standing oyer those 
numbered) briiig near, ''yea, they bring their 
ollVrin;; before Jehovah, six waggons covered, 
and twelve oxen— a waggon for two of the 
princes, and an ox for one — and they bring 
them uear bcfuitj the tabernacle. 



0_ficrings of the princes 



VII. 4.— NUMBERS.— VII. Gl. 



upon dedicating the altar. 



* And Jehovah speaketh iiuto Moses, say- 
iug, ^ ' Iierei\'e from them, and tliey have 
licen to do the senace of the tent of meetin.c:, 
and thou hast given them unto the Levites, 
each according to his service.' 

^ And Moses taketh the waggons and the 
oxen, and giveth them unto the Le^^tes. 
"The two of the Avaggous and the four of the 
oxen he hath given to the sons of Gershon, 
according to their service, ^ and the four of 
the waggons and the eight of the oxen he 
hath given to the sous of IMerari, according to 
their serWce, by the hand of Ithamar son of 
Aaron the priest ; ^ and to the sous of Kohath 
he hath not given, for the serx-ice of the sanc- 
tuary is on them : on the shoiUder they bear. 

^••Aud the princes bring near the dedica- 
tion of the altar iu the day of its being 
anointed ; yea, the princes bring near their 
offering before the altar. 

y And Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' One 
priuce a day — oue prince a day- — do they 
l)riug near their offering for the dedication of 
the altar.' 

1- And he who is Ijriuging near on the fh-st 
day his offering is Nahshou son of Ammina- 
dab, of the tribe of Judah. ^-^ Aud his offer- 
ing is one silver dish, its weight a huudred 
aud ihivtY shekels ; one silver bowl of seventy 
shekels, by the shekel of the sanctuary; both 
of them full of floiu- mixed with oil, for a 
present; i^one golden spoon of ten shekels, 
full of perfimie ; ^•' one bullock, a sou of the 
herd, oue ram, one lamb, a son of a year, 
fir a bm-nt-otfering ; i^one kid of the goats 
for a sin-offering ; i" and for a sacrifice uf the 
peace-offerings two oxen, five rams, five he- 
goats, five lambs, sous of a year; this is the 
offering of Nahshou sou of Amminadab. 

'8 On the second day hath Nethaneel son 
of Zuar, priuce of Issaehar, brought near. 
i^_He hath brought near his offering, one 
silver dish, its weight a huudi'ed and thirty 
shekels; oue silver bowl of seventy shekels, 
by the shekel of the sanctuary, both of them 
full of flour mixed with oil, for a ]ireseut; 
^"one golden spoou of ten shekels, full of jier- 
fiune ; -'■ one bullock, a sou of the herd, oue 
ram, one lamb, a son of a year, for a burnt- 
offering ; -- one Idd of the goats for a sin- 
offering ; "•' and for a saciifice of the ijeace- 
offeriugs two oxen, live rams, five he-goats, 
hve lambs, sons of a year ; this is the offering 
of Nethaneel sou of Zuar. 

-■* On the third day, the prince of the sous 
of Zebulun, Elial) sou of Helon ; — -^his offer- 
ing is one silver dish, its weight a huudred 
and thirty shekels; one silver bowl of seventy 
shekels, by the shekel of the sanctuary, both 
of them fiill of fiovu- mixed \\'ith oil, for a 
present; -''one golden spoon of ten shekels, 
full of perfume ; "'' oue bidlock, a son of the 
herd, one ram, oue laml), a son of a year, for 
a burnt-offering ; -* oue kid of the goats for a 
sin-offering ; -■' and for a sacrifice of the peace- 
offerings two oxen, five rams, live he-goats, 
five lambs, sons of a year ; this (•* the offering 
of Eliab son of Helon. 

^''On the fourth day, Elizur, son of Shedeiir, 
prince of the sous of lieuben ; — ■" his offering 
w one silver dish, its weight a hundred and 



thirty shekels; one silver bowl of seventy 
shekels, by the shekel of the sanctuary, both 
of them fidl of Hour mixed with oil, for a 
present ; ^- one golden spoon of ten shekels, 
fidl of perfume ; •'^ one bidlock, a son of the 
herd, one ram, one lamb, a son of a yeai-, for 
a biirnt-offering ; '^"^ one kid of the goats for 
a sin-oflering ; ^Sfind for a sacrifice of the 
peace-offerings two oxen, five rams, five he- 
goats, five lambs, sous of a year ; this is the 
offering of Elizur son of Sheclem-. 

^^ On the fifth day, the prince of the sons 
of Simeon, Shehmiiel son of Zurishaddai ; — 
2'' his offering is oue silver dish, its weight a 
hundred and thirty shekels : one silver bowl 
of seventy shekels, by the shekel of the sanc- 
tuary, both of tliem lidl of floiu- mixed with 
oil, for a present; '^^oue golden s]ioon of ten 
shekels, fidl of perfume ; ^Sone bullock, a son 
of the herd, one ram, one lamb, a sou of a 
year, for a burut-otferiug ; *'one kid of the 
goats for a sin-offering ; ■'^ and for a sacrifice 
of the peace-offerings two oxen, five rams, 
five he-goats, five lambs, sons of a year ; this 
is the offeriug of Shelimiiel son of Ziuish- 
addai. 

■*- On the sixth day, the prince of the sons 
of Gad, EUasaph sou of Deuel; — '*^his offer- 
iug Lt one silver dish, its weight a hundred 
and thirty shekels; oue silver bowl of seveuty 
shekels, by the shekel of the sauctuary, 
both of them fidl of ffoiir mixed with oil, 
for a present; ■'^oue golden spoon of ten 
shekels, fidl of perfume ; •*•' oue bullock, a son 
of the herd, one ram, one lamb, a son of a 
year, for a biu-nt-offering ; ■'"one kid of the 
goats for a sin-offering ; ■*'' aud for a sacrifice 
of the peace-offerings two oxen, five rams, 
five he-goats, five lambs, sous of a year; this 
is the offeriug of Eliasaph sou of Deuel. 

*> Ou the seventh day, the prince of the 
sons of Ephraim, Elishama son of Ammihud ; 
— ** his offering is one silver dish, its weight 
a hiiudi-ed and thirty shekels ; one silver bowl 
of seveuty shekels, by the shekel of the 
sanctuary, both of them full of Hour mixed 
with oil, for a present ; ^'^ one golden spoon of 
ten shekels, fidl of jierfume ; ^^ one l)ullock, a 
son of the herd, oue ram, one lamb, a son of a 
year, for a burnt-offering; ^-oue kid of the 
goats for a sin-offering ; '■''^ and for a sacrifice 
of the peace-offerings two oxeu, five rams, 
five he-Koats, live landjs, sous of a year; this 
is the offering of I'^lishama sou of Ammihud. 

^^ Ou the eighth day, the ])rince of the 
sous of Mauasseh, Gamaliel sou of Pedahzur ; 
— ^^his offering /,s oue silver dish, its weight 
ahiiudi-ed aud thirty shekels : oue silver bowl 
of seventy shekels, by the shekel of the 
sauctuary, both of them full of Hour mixed 
with oil, for a ]/resent; ^"'one golden spoon 
of ten shekels, fidl of perfume; ^'^ oue bul- 
lock, a sou of the herd, one ram, one lamb, 
a son of a year, for a biu-nt-offeriug; ''^oue 
kid of the goats for a sin-offering; '"'and for 
a sacriHce of the peace-offerings two oxen, 
five rams, Hve lie-goats, five lambs, sous of a 
year; this is the offering of Gamaliel son of 
tedahzur. 

''"Ou the uinth day, the prince of the soiis 
of Benjamin, Abidau sou of Gideoni ;— "^his 
95 



Dedication of the altar. 



VII. 62.— NUMBERS.— VIII. 19. Consecration oftlie Levi^^. 



offering is one siiver dish, its weiglit a luiu- 
dred and thirty shekels : one silver howl of 
seventy shekels, by the shekel of the sauctn- 
ai-y, both of them full of flonr mixed with 
oil, for a present; ''^one golden s])oon of ten 
sitekels, full of perfume; ^-^one bidlock, a son 
of the herd, one ram, one lamb, a son of a 
year, for a burnt-ofifering ; 64QQg j^jj Qf ^jjg 
goats for a sin-offering : ^ and for a sacrifice 
of the peace-offerings two oxen, five rams, 
five he-goats, five lambs, sons of a year; this 
is the offering of Abidan son of Gideoni. 

'■" On the tenth day, the prince of the sons 
of Dan, Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai ; — 
'•'' his offering is one silver dish, its weight a 
hundi-ed and thii-ty shekels ; one silver bowl 
of seventy shekels, by the shekel of the 
sanctuary, both of them fvdl of flour mixed 
with oil, for a present; '■^one golden spoon 
of ten shekels, full of perfume; ''^one bid- 
lock, a son of the lierd, one ram, one lamb, a 
son of a year, for a burnt-offering; ""one 
kid of the goats for a sin-offering ; "^ and for 
a sacrifice of the peace-offerings two oxen, 
five rams, five he-goats, five lambs, sons of a 
year; this is the offering of Ahiezer son of 
Ammishaddai. 

''-On the eleventh day, the ]iriuce of the 
sons of Asher, Pagiel son of Ocran; — ''^his 
offering is one silver dish, its weight a luin- 
dred and thirty shekels; one silver bowl of 
seventy shekels, by the shekel of the sanc- 
tuary, both of them full of fiour mixed with 
oil, for a i)rescnt; "''oue golden spoon of ten 
shekels, full of perfume; ''''one 1)ullock, a son 
of the lierd, oue ram, one lamb, a son of a 
year, for a burnt-ofi'ering ; '■"one lud of the 
goats for a sin-off'ering ; '''' and for a sacrifice 
of the peace-offerings two oxen, five j-ams, 
five he-goats, five lambs, sons of a year; this 
is the offering of Pagiel son of Ocran. 

"^On the tweKth day, the prince of the 
sons of Najihtali, Ahira son of Enau ; — ™his 
oH'ering is one silver dish, its weight a hun- 
dred and thirty shekels; one silver bowl of 
seventy sliekels, by the shekel of the sanc- 
tuary, both of them full of fiour mixed with 
oil, for a iiresent; ^"one golden spoon of ten 
shekels, full of X'erfume ; **! one liulloclc, a sou 
of the herd, one ram, one, lamb, a son of a 
year, fo)- a burnt-offering; ^'■'one kid of the 
goats for a sin-offering; ^*and for a sacrifice 
of the ]ieace-offerings two oxen, five rams, 
five he-goats, five lambs, sons of a year; tliis 
is the offering of Ahira son of Euan. 

'*■' This is the dedication of the altar, in the 
day of its being anointed, by the princes of 
Israel : twelve silver dishes, twelve silver 
bowls, twelve golden sjioous; '^•'' a huMdre<l 
and thirty shekels eacli silver dish, and each 
bowl seventy ; all the silver of the vessels is 
two thousand and four hundi-ed shekels, by 
the shekel of the sanctuary. *' Golden spoons 
are twelve, full of perfume ; ten shekels each 
Bpoon, by the .shekel of tlie sanctuary ; all tlie 
gold of tlie sjjoous is a hundred and twenty 
shekels: ^" n\\ the oxen for Inirnt-offering are 
twelve bullocks, rams twelve, lambs, sons of 
a v'ear twelve, and their iiresent; and kids of 
the goats twelve, for sin-off'ering; ^^ and all 
the oxen for the sjcrifice of the peace-offerings 
96 



are twenty and four bullocks, rams sixty, he- 
goats sixty, lambs, sons of a year, sixty ; this is 
the dedication of the altar, in the day of its 
being anointed. 

8" And in the going in of Moses unto the 
tent of meeting to speak with Him — he doth 
even hear the voice speaking unto him from 
off the mercy-seat which is upon the ark of 
the testimony, from between the two cherubs; 
and He speaketh unto him. 

VIII. 1 AND Jehovah s])caketh imto Mo- 
ses, saying, " ' Speak iinto Aaron, and thou 
hast said unto him, In thy causing the lights 
to go ivp, over-against the face of the candle- 
stick do the seven lights give bght.' 

•* And Aaron doth so ; over-against the face 
of the candlestick he hath caused its lights to 
go up, as Jehovah hath eonmiauded Moses. 

^ And this is the work of the candlestick : 
beaten work of gold; unto its thigh, unto its 
fiower it is beaten work ; as the appearance 
which Jehovah shewed Moses, so he hath 
made the candlestick. 

^ And Jehovah speaketh imto Moses, say- 
ing, •> 'Take the Levites from the midst of the 
sous of Israel, and thou hast cleansed them. 

'' 'And thus thou dost to them to cleanse 
them: sprinkle upon them waters of atone- 
ment, and they have caused a razor to pass 
over all their flesh, and have washed their 
garments, and cleansed themselves, * and 
have taken a bidlock, a son of the herd, and 
its present, fiour mixed with oil, — and a se- 
cond bullock a son of the herd thou dost take 
for a sin-offering, " and thou hast bi-ought 
near the Levites Ijefore the teut of meetmg, 
and thou hast assembled the whole company 
of the sons of Israel, ^•' and thou hast brough* 
near the Levites before Jehovah, and tha 
sons of Israel have laid their hands on the 
Levites, ^^ and Aaron hath waved the Levites 
— a wave-offering before Jehovah, from the 
sons of Israel, and they have been — for doing 
the service of Jehovah. 

1- 'And the Levites lay their hands on the 
head of the bullocks, and make thou the one 
a sin-offering, and the one a burnt-offering 
to Jehovah, to atone for the Levites, ^■'and 
thou hast caused the Levites to stand before 
Aaron, and before his sons, and hast waved 
them^ — a wave-offering to Jehovah; "and 
thou hast separated the Levites from the 
midst 01 the sous of Israel, and the Levites 
liave become Mine; ^^and afterwards do the 
Levites come in to serve the tent of meeting, 
and thou hast cleansed thein, and hast wave<f 
them— a wave-offering. 

1'' ' For they are certainly given to Me out 
of the midst of the sons of Israel, instead of 
him who o])eneth any womb — the first-bt)rn 
of all— from the sons of Israel I have taken 
them to Myself; i'' for Mine is every first- 
born among the sons of Israel, among man 
and among beast; in the day of my smiting 
every first-born in the land of E.gypt I sancti- 
fied them for Myself; i^and I take the IjC- 
vites instead of every first-born among the 
sons of Israel: 

'" ' And I give the Levites gifts to Aaron 
and to his sous, from the midst of the sous of 



The law of the passover. vm. 20. —NUMBERS.- x. 8. The pillar of cloud and of fire. 



Israel, to do the service of the sous of Israel 
in the tent of meetinp;, and to make atone- 
ment for the sons of Israel, and there is no 
fla,;^ie among the sons of Israel in the sons of 
srael's drawing nigh iinto the sanctuary.' 
^^ And Moses doih — Aaron also, and all the 
company of the sons of Israel — to the Levites 
according to all that Jehovah hath command- 
ed Moses concerning the Levites ; so have the 
sons of Israel done to them. 

^^ And the Levites cleanse themselves, and 
wash their garments, and Aaron waveth them 
a wave-offering before Jehovah, and Aaron 
maketh atonement for them to cleanse them, 
^" and afterwards have the Levites gone in to 
do their service in the tent of meeting, before 
Aaron and before his sons ; as Jehovah hath 
commanded Moses concerning the Le\ntes, so 
they have done to them. 

-^And Jehovah speaketh nnto Moses, say- 
ing, -■*' This /s that which is the Levites': from 
a son of five and twenty years and upward 
he doth go in to serve the host in the service 
of the tent of meeting, -^and from a son of 
fifty years he doth return from the host of 
the service, and doth not serve any more, 
^'^ and he hath ministered -with his brethren in 
the tent of meeting, to keep the charge, and 
doth not do service ; thus thou dost to the 
Levites concerning their charge.' 

IX. 1 AND Jehovah speaketh iiuto Moses, 
in the ^vilderness of Sinai, in the second year 
of their going out of the land of Egy^at, in the 
first month, saying, - 'Also, the sons of Israel 
prepare the passover in its appointed season ; 
* in the fourteenth day of this month between 
the evenings ye prepare it in its appointed 
season ; according to all its statutes, and ac- 
cording to all its ordinances ye prepare it.' 

*And Moses speaketh imto the sons of 
Israel to prepare the passover, ^and they pre- 
pare the passover in the first month, on the 
fourteenth day of the month, between the 
evenings, in the wilderness of Sinai; accord- 
ing to all that Jehovah hath commanded 
Moses, so have the sons of Israel done. 

^ And there are men who have been defiled 
by the body of a man, and they have not been 
able to prepare the passover on that day, and 
they come near before Moses, and before 
Aaron, on that day, ''and those men say vmto 
him, ' We are demed by the body of a man ; 
why are we withheld so as not to bring near 
the offering of Jehovah in its appointed sea- 
son, in the midst of the sons of Israel?' 
8 And Moses saith unto them, ' Stand ye, and 
I hear what Jehovah hath conunanded con- 
cerning you.' 

" And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, ^o ' Speak unto the sons of Israel, saying, 
Though any man is unclean by a body or in 
a distant journey (of you or oi your genera- 
tions), yet he hath prepared a passover to Je- 
hovah ; ^^ in the second montn, on the four- 
teenth day, between the evenings they pre- 
pare it; with imleavened and laitter things 
they eat it ; ^^they do not leave of till morn- 
ing; and a bone they do not break in it; 
according to all the statute of the passover 
they prepare it 



13 ' And the man who is clean, and hath not 
been on a. journey, and hath ceased to prepare 
the passover, even that person hath been cut 
off from his people; because the offering of 
Jehovah he hath not brought near, in its ap- 
pointed season, that man doth bear his sin. 

" ' And when a sojourner sojourneth with 
you, then he hath prepared a passover to Je- 
hovah, according to the statute of the pass- 
over, and according to its ordinance, so he 
doth ; one statute is to you, even to a sojour- 
ner, and to a native of the land.' 

15 And in the day of the raising up of the 
tabernacle hath the cloud covered the taber- 
nacle, even the tent of the testimony ; and in 
the evening there is on the tabernacle as an 
appearance of fire tUl morning; i^so it is con- 
tmually; the cloud covereth it, also the ap- 
pearance of fire by night. 

i''And according to the going up of the 
cloud from offthe tent and afterwards do the 
sons of Israel journey ; and in the place where 
the cloud doth tabernacle, there do the sons 
of Israel encamp ; ^^ by the command of Je- 
hovah the sons of Israel journey, and by the 
command of Jehovah they encamp; all the 
days that the cloud doth tabernacle over the 
tabernacle they encamp. 

i^And in the cloud prolonging itself over 
the tabernacle many days, then have the sons 
of Israel kept the charge of Jehovah, and 
journey not, -"and so when the cloud is a 
number of days over the tabernacle ; by the 
command of Jehovah they encamp, and by 
the command of Jehovah they journey. 

-1 And so when the cloud is from evening 
tiU morning, when the cloud hath gone up 
in the morning, then they have journeved; 
whether by day or by ni^ht, when the cloud 
hath gone up, then they have journeyed. 

22 whether two days, or a month, or days, 
in the cloud prolonging itself over the taber- 
nacle, to tabernacle over it, the sons of Israel 
encamp, and journey not ; and in its being 
Hfted up they journey; ^by the command of 
Jehovah they encamp, and by the command of 
Jehovah they journey ; the charge of Jehovah 
they have kept, by the command of Jehovah 
in the hand of Moses. 

X. 1 AND Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, 
saying, - ' Make to thee two tnmapets of 
silver; beaten work thou dost make them, 
and they have been to thee for the convoca 
tion of the company, and for the journeying oi 
the camps ; ^ and they have blown with them, 
and all the comijany have met together imto 
thee, unto the opening of the tent of meet- 
ing. 

*And if with one they blow, then have the 
princes, heads of the thousands of Israel, met 
together imto thee ; 

^ ' And ye have blown— a shout, and the 
camps which are encamping eastward have 
journeyed. 

* ' And ye have blown — a second shout, and 
the camps which are encamping southward 
have journeyed; a shout they blow for their 
journeys. 

^ ' And in the assembling of the assembly ye 
blow, and do not shout ; ^ and sons of A aron, 
97 a 



The moving of the camp. 



X. 9.— NUMBERS.— XI. 15. Murmurings of the Tsraelite& 



the priests, blow with the tnimpets ; and they 
have been to you for a statute age-during to 
your generations. 

* ' And when ye go into battle in your land 
against the adversary who is distressing you, 
then ye have shouted with the trumpets, and 
ye have been remembered before Jehovah your 
God, and ye have been saved from your 
enemies. 

^^ ' And in the day of your gladness.and in 
your appointed seasons, and in the beginnings 
of your months, ye have blown also with the 
trumpets over your burnt-offerings, and over 
the sacrifices of your peace-offerings, and they 
have been to you for a memorial before your 
God; I, Jehovah, am your God.' 

" And it Cometh to pass — in the second year, 
in the second month, in the twentieth of the 
month — the cloud hath gone up from off the 
tabernacle of the testimqnyj ^- and the sons 
of Israel journey in their loimieyings from 
the wilderness of Sinai, and the cloud doth 
tabernacle in the vsalderness of Paran ; ^^ and 
they journey at first, by the command of Je- 
hovah, in the hand of Moses. 

" And the standard of the camp of the sons 
of Judah journeyeth in the iiratplace, by their 
hosts, and over its host is Nahshon son of 
Amminadab. 

1^ And over the host of the tribe of the sons 
of Issachar is Nathaneel son of Zuar. 

1" And over the host of the tribe of the sons 
of Zebulim is Eliab son of Helon; 

17 And the tabernacle hath been tahen 
down, and the sons of Gershon and the sons 
of Merari have journeyed, bearing the taber- 
nacle. 

18 And the standard of the camp of Reuben 
hath journeyed, by their hosts, and over its 
host is Elizur son of Shedeur. 

1^ A nd over the host of the tribe of the sons 
of Simeon is Shelimiiel son of Zurishaddai. 

^^ And over the host of the tribe of the sons 
of Gad is Eliasaph son of Deuel ; 

^1 And the Kohathites have joiu'neyed, 
bearing the tabernacle, and the otliers have 
raised iip the tabernacle imtil their coming in. 

-^ And the standard of the camp of the 
sons of Ejihraim hath journeyed, oy their 
Jiosts, and over its host is Elishama son of 
Anmiihud. 

"^ And over the host of the tiibe of the sons 
of Manasseh is Gamalial son of Pedahzur. 

"^ And over the host of the tribe of the sons 
of Benjamin is Abidan son of Gidconi. 

^* And the standard of the camp of the sons 
of Dan hath journeyed (rearward to all the 
camps), by their hosts, and over its host is 
Aliiezer son of Ammishaddai. 

-" And over the host of the tribe of the sons 
of Asher is Pagiel son of Ocran. 

-'' And over the host of the tribe of the sons 
of Naphtali is Ahira son of Enan. 

-8 These are journeyings of the sous of Is- 
rael by their hosts— and they journey. 

-•' And Moses saith to Hobab son of Ragiiel 
the Midianite, father-in-law of Moses, ' AVc 
are journeying unto the ])lace of whicli Jtlio- 
vah hath said, 1 give it to you; go with us, 
and we have done good to thee; for Jcliovah 
hath spoken good concerning Israel.' 



^'' And he saith unto him, ' I do not go; 
but unto my land and unto my kindred do I 
go-' 

31 And he saith, 'I pray thee, forsake us not, 
because thou hast known oiu- encamping in 
the wilderness, and thou hast been to us for 
eyes ; ^s and it hath come to pass when thou 
goest with us, yea, it hath come to pass — that 
good which Jehovah doth kindly with us— it 
we have done kindly to thee.' 

33 And they journey from the mount of Je 
hovah a journey of three days ; and the ark 
of the covenant of Jehovah is journeying be- 
fore them the journey of three days, to spy out 
for them a resting-place ; ^ and the cloud of 
Jehovah is on them by day, in their journey- 
ing from the camp. 

35 And it Cometh to pass in the journeying 
of the ark, that Moses saith, ' Rise, Jeho- 
vah, and Thine enemies are scattered, and 
those hating Thee flee from Thy presence.' 
3*5 And in its resting he saith, ' Return, Je- 
hovah, to the mjTiads, the thousands of Is- 
rael.' 

XT. 1 AND the people is evil, as those sigh- 
ing habitually in the ears of Jehovah, and 
Jehovah heareth, and His anger burnetii, and 
the fire of Jehovah burnetii among them, and 
consumeth in the extremity of the cam]i. 

- And the people cry unto Moses, and Mo- 
ses prayeth unto Jehovah, and the fire is 
qiienched; ^ and he calleth the name of that 
place Taberali, for the fire of Jehovah hath 

burned' amon" them. 

* And the rabl>le who are in its midst have 
lusted greatly, and the sons of Israel also 
turn back and weep, and say, 'Who doth 
give us flesh? ^We have remembered the 
fish which we do eat in Egypt for nought, 
the cucumbers, and the melons^ and the leeks, 
and the onions, and the garlick ; ^ and now 
our soul is dry, there is not anything, save 
the manna, before our eyes.' 

'' And the manna is as coriander seed, and 
its aspect as the aspect of bdolach ; ^ the 
people have turned aside and gathered it, 
and groimd it ^vitll mill-stones, or beat it in a 
mortar, and boiled it in a pan, and made 
it cakes, and its taste hath been as the taste 
of the nioistm-e of oil. " And in the descend- 
ing of the dew on the camp by night, the 
manna descendeth upon it. 

i^And Moses heareth the people weeping 
by its families, each at the opening of his 
tent, and the iinger of Jehovah burnetii 
exceedingly, and in the eyes of Moses it is 
axil. 

"And Moses saith imto Jehovah, 'Wliy 
hast Thou done evil to Thy servant? and 
wliy have I not found grace in Tliine eyes— 
to put the burdcii of all this people upon me? 
1"! — liavc I conceived all this people? I — have 
I begotten it, that Thou sayestunto me. Carry 
it in thy bosom as the nursing father bcarcth 
tlic suckling, unto the ground which Tlioxi 
hast sworn to its fathers? i-'WHicncc have I 
flesh to give to all this people? for they weep 
unto mo, saying. Give to us flesh, and we 
eat. i''I am not able— 1 alone — to bear all 
tliis people, for it is too heavy for me ; i^ and 



The seventy elders prop?ies!/. xi. 16.— NUMBERS.— xii, 15. Miriam smittenvfith leprosy. 



if thus Thou art doin^ to me— slay me, I 
pray Thee; slay, if I nave found grace in 
Thine eyes, and let me not look on mine 
afSiction.' 

^^ And Jehovah saith imto Moses, ' Gather 
to Me seventy men of the elders of Israel, 
whom thou hast known that they are elders 
of the people, and its authorities; and thou 
hast taken them imto the tent of meeting, 
and they have stationed themselves there 
with thee, ^^and I have come down and 
spoken with thee there, and have kept back 
of the Spirit which is upon thee, and have 
put on them, and they have borne with thee 
some of the burden of the people, and thou 
dost not bear ii thyself alon& 

^8 ' And unto the people thou dost say, 
Sanctify yoiirselves for to-morrow, and ye 
have eaten flesh (for ve have wejjt in the ears 
of Jehovah, sajang, Who doth give us flesh? 
for we had good in Egypt) — and Jehovah 
hath given to you ilesh, and ye have eaten. 
^ Ye do not eat one day, nor two days, nor 
five days, nor ten days, nor twenty days; — 
"" imto a month of days, till that it come out 
from yoiir nostrils, and it hath become to you 
an abomination ; because that ye have loathed 
Jehovah, who is in your midst, and weep be- 
fore Him, saying. Why is this? — we have 
come out of Egypt!' 

"1 And Moses saith, ' Six hvmdred thousand 
footmen aj'e the people in whose midst I am; 
and Thou, Thou hast said. Flesh I give to 
them, and they have eaten, a month of days! 
^ Is flock and nerd slaughtered for them, that 
one hath found for them? — are all the fishes 
of the sea gathered for them — that one hath 
foimd for them?' 

^ And Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' Is the 
hand of Jehovah become short? now thou 
dost see whether My word meeteth thee or 
not.' 

-* And Moses goeth out, and speaketh unto 
the people the words of Jehovah, and ga- 
thereth seventy men of the elders of the 
people, and causeth them to stand round 
about the tent, ^ and Jehovah cometh do'wn 
in the cloud, and speaketh unto him, and 
keepeth back of the bpirit which is on him, 
and putteth on the seventy men of the elders ; 
and it cometh to pass at the resting of the 
Spirit on them, that they prophesy, and do 
not cease. 

"^ And two of the men are left in the camp, 
the name of the one is Eldad, and the name 
of the second Medad, and the Spirit resteth 
upon them, (and they are among those writ- 
ten, and have not gone out to the tent), and 
they prophesy in the camp ; -^ and the yoim^ 
man runneth, and declareth to Moses, and 
saith, ' Eldad and Medad are prophesying in 
the camp.' 

^ And Joshua son of Nun, minister of Moses, 
0)ie of his young men, answereth and saith, 
'My lord Moses, restrain them.' -^ And Mo- 
ses saith to him, ' Art thou zealous for me ? 
that all Jehovah's people were prophets ! 
that Jehovah would put His Spirit upon 
them ! ' ^^ And Moses is gathered unto the 
camp, lie and the elders of Israel. 

^^ And a spirit hath journeyed from Jeho- 
99 



vah, and cutteth off quails from the sea, and 
leaveth by the camp, as a day's journey 
here, and as a day's journey there round 
about the camp, and about two cuoits, on 
the face of the land. ^^And the people rise 
aU that day, and aU the night, and all the 
day after, and gather the quails— he who 
hath least hath gathered ten homers — and 
they spread them out for themselves 'round 
about the camp. 

^The flesh is yet between their teeth — it 
is not yet cut off — and the anger of Jehovah 
hath burned among the people, and Jehovah 
smiteth among the people — a very great smit- 
ing ; 34 and on£ calleth the name of that place 
Kibroth-Hattaavah, for there they have 
buried the people who lust. 

ssppQjj^ Kibroth-Hattaavah have the people 
journeyed to Hazeroth, and they are in Haze- 
roth. 

XIL ^ AND Miriam speaketh — Aaron also 
— against Moses concerning the circumstance 
of the Cushite woman whom he had taken : 
for a Cushite woman he had taken ; - aM they 
say, ' Only by Moses hath Jehovah spoken"? 
also by us hath he not spoken?' and Jehovah 
hearettu ^ And the man Moses is very hum- 
ble, more than any of the men who are on 
the face of the ground. 

* And Jehovah saith suddenly unto Moses, 
and unto Aaron, and imto Miriam, 'Come 
out ye three unto the tent of meeting ; ' and 
they three come out. 

^ And Jehovah cometh down in the pillar 
of the cloud, and standeth at the opening of 
the tent, and calleth Aaron and Minam, and 
they come out both of them. 

^And He saith, 'Hear, I pray you, My 
words : If your prophet is of Jehovah — 
in an appearance unto him I make Myself 
known ; in a dream I speak with him ; ? not 
•so My servant Moses ; in aU My house he 
asstedfast; ^ mouth unto mouth I speak 
with him, and by an appearance, and not in 
riddles ; and the form of Jehovah he behold- 
eth attentively; and wherefore have ye not 
been afraid to speak against My servant — 
against Moses ?' 

^ And the anger of Jehovah burneth against 
them, and He goeth on, i" and the cloud 
hath turned aside from off the tent, and lo, 
Miriam is leprous as snow ; and Aaron turn- 
eth unto Miriam, and lo, leprous ! 

^ And Aaron saith unto Moses, '0, my lord, 
1 pray thee, lay not upon us sin in which we 
have been foolish, and in which we have 
sinned ; ^^ j^t her not, I pray thee, be as one 
dead, when in his coming out from the womb 
of his mother — the half of his flesh is con- 
sumed.' 

13 And Moses crieth unto Jehovah, saying, 
' God, I pray Thee, give, I pray Thee, hew- 
ing to her.' 

" And Jehovah saith irnto Moses, ' And 
her father had but spat in her face — is she 
not ashamed seven days? she is shut out 
seven days at the outside of the camp, and 
afterwards she is gathered.' 

I'' And Miriam is shut out at the outside of 
the camp seven days, and the peojile hatb 



Afisaion of the twelve spies. xii. 16.— NUMBERS.— xiv. 10. Murmurings of the people. 



not journeyed till Miriam is gathered; ^^ and 
afterwards have tlie people journeyed from 
Uazeroth, and they encamp in the wilderness 
of Paran. 

XIII. ^ AND Jehovah speaketh unto Mo- 
ses, saying, - ' Send for thee men, and they 
spy the laud of Canaan, which T am gi\'ing to 
the sons of Israel ; one man, one man for the 
tribe of his fathers ye do send, every one a 
prince among them.' 

^ And Moses sendeth them from the %vil- 
derness of Paran by the command of Jeho- 
vah ; all of them are men, heads of the sons 
of Israel they arc, ■* and these their names : 

For the tnbe of Reuben, Shammua son of 
Zaccur. 

^ For the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat son of 
Hori. 

" For the tribe of Judah, Caleb son of Je- 
phunneh. 

^ For the tribe of Issachar, Igal son of 
Joseph. 

8 For the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea, son of 
Nim. 

3 For the tribe of Benjamin, Palti son of 
Raphu. 

i^For the tribe of Zebidun, Gaddiel son of 
Sodi. 

1^ For the tribe of Joseph, (for the tribe of 
Manasseh.) Gaddi son of busi. 

I'^For the tribe of Dan, Ammiel son of 
Gemalli. 

1* For the tribe of Asher, Sethur son of 
Michael. 

" For the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi son of 
Vopshi. 

1^ For the tribe of Gad, Geuel son of 
Machi. 

1^ These are the names of the men whom 
M OSes hath sent to spy the land ; and Moses 
calleth Hoshea son of Nun, Jehoshua. 

1^ And Moses sendeth them to spy the land 
of CanaaUj and saith unto them, ' Go ye up 
this way into the south, and ye have gone 
up the mountain, i^and have seen the land 
wnat it is, and the people which is dwelling 
on it, whether it is strong or feeble ; whether 
it is few or many ; ^^ and what the land is in 
which it is dwelling, whether it is good or 
bad ; and what are the cities in which it is 
dwelling, whether in camps or in fortresses ; 
'■"* and what the land is, whether it is fat or 
lean; whether there is wood in it or not; 
.and ye have strengthened yourselves, and 
have taken of the fruit of the land ;' and the 
days are days of the lirst-fruits of grapes. 

-1 And they go \i\) and spy the land, from 
the wilderness of Zm unto liehob at the going 
in to Hamath ; "- and they go up by the south, 
and come in unto Hebron, and there me 
Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, children of 
Anak (and Hebron was built seven years 
before Zoau in P^gypt), ^^and they come in 
unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down 
thence a branch and one cluster of grapes, and 
they bear it on a staff by two, also some of 
the pomegranates, and of the tigs. 

'■^ That place hath onr. called Brook of Esh- 
col, becau.se of the clu.ster which the sons of 
Israel cut from thence. 
100 



"^ And they turn back from spying the land 
at_^the end of forty days. 

-" And they go anil come in unto Moses, 
and unto Aaron, and unto all the company 
of the sons of Israel, unto the ^vildemeR3 of 
Paran, to Kadesh ; and they bring them and 
all the company back word, and shew them 
the fruit of the land. "^And they recount 
to him, and say, ' We came in unto the land 
whither thou hast sent us, and also it is flow- 
ing with milk and honey — and this is its 
fruit ; ^ only, surely the people which is 
dwelling in the land is strong; and the cities 
are fenced, very great ; and also children 
of Anak we have seen there. "'■'Amalek is 
dwelling in the land of the south, and the 
Hittite, and tlie Jebusite, and the Amorite 
is dwelling in the hill coimtry, and the Ca- 
naanite is dwelling by the sea, and by the 
side of the Jordan. 

3" And Caleb stilleth the people concerning 
Moses, and saith, ' Let us certainly go up — and 
we have possessed it ; for we are thoroughly 
able for it.' 

31 And the men who have gone up with him 
said, 'We are not able to go up against 
the j)eople, for it is stronger than we;' •^^and 
they bring out an evil account of the land 
which they have spied unto the sons of Israel, 
saying, ' The laud into which we passed over 
to spy it, is a land eating up its inhabitants; 
and all the people whom we saw in its midst 
are men of stature ; ^■* and there we saw the 
Nephilim, sons of Anak, of the Nephilim; 
and we are in our own eyes as grasshopiiers ; 
and so we were in their eyes.' 

XIV. ^AND all the company lifteth up 
and give forth their voice, and the people 
weep during that night; -and all the sons 
of Israel murmur agamst Moses, and against 
Aaron, and all the comjiauy say unto them, 
' that we had died in the land of E<^pt, 
or in this wilderness, that we had died! 
*and why is Jehovah bringing us in unto 
this land to fall by the sword? our wives 
and our infants are become a prey ; is it not 
good for us to turn back to Egypt?' "'And 
they say one unto another, ' Let us appoint a 
head, and turn back to Egyi)t.' 

5 And Moses falleth — Aaron also — on their 
faces, before all the assembly of the company 
of the sons of Israel. 

" And Joshua son of Nun, and Caleb son of 
Jephunneh, of those spying the land, have 
rent their garments, ^ and they speak unto 
all the company of the sons of Israel, saying, 
' The land mto which we have passed over to 
spy it, is a very very good land; * if Jehovah 
hath delighted in us, then He hath l)rought 
us in unto this land, and hath given it to 
us, a land which is flowing mth milk and 
honey; "only, against Jehovah rebel not ye* 
and ye, fear not ye the people of the land, foi 
our bread they arc; their defence hath turned 
aside from off' them, and Jehovah is witii us ; 
fear them not.' 

1" And all the comjiany say to stone them 
with stones, and the honour of Jehovah hath 
a]ii)cared in tlie tent of meeting unto all the 
sons of Israel. 



Moaea intercedes for the people, xrv. 11. — NXJMBEES.— xv. 8. 



Death of the »pie6. 



"And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Until 
when doth this people despise Me ? and until 
when do they not believe in Me, for all the 
signs which I have done in its midst ? i'^ I 
smite it with pestilence, and dispossess it, 
and make thee become a nation greater aud 
mightier than it.' 

^* And Moses saith unto Jehovali, ' Then 
have the Egyptians heard! for Thou hast 
brought up with Thy power this people out 
of their midst, ^■^ and they have said it unto 
the inhabitant of this land, they have heard 
that Thou, Jehovah, art in the midst of this 
people, that eye to eye Thou art seen — 
Jehovah, and Thy cloud is standing over 
them, — and in a pillar of cloud Thou art 
going before them by day, and in a piJlar of 
fire by night. 

^^ ' And Thou hast put to death this 

Eeople as one naan, and the nations who 
ave heard Thy fame have spoken, saying, 
1^ From Jehovah's want of ability to bring in 
this people unto the land which He hath 
sworn to them — He doth slaughter them in 
the wilderness. 

1^ ' And now, let, I pray Thee, the power 
of my Lord be great, as Thou hast spoken, 
saying: ^^ Jehovah is slow to anger, and of 
great kindness; bearing away iniquity and 
transgression, and not entirely acqmtting, 
charging iniquity of fathers on sons, on a 
third generation, and on a f oiuiih ; — ^^ forgive, 
I pray Thee, the iniquity of this people, ac- 
cording to the greatness of Thy kindness, and 
as Thou hast borne ^vith this people from 
Egypt, even until now.' 

2*' And Jehovah saith, ' I have forgiven, ac- 
cording to thy word ; ^^ and yet, I live — and 
it is filled — ^the whole earth — witli. the honour 
of Jehovah; "^for all the men who are seeing 
My honoui", and My signs, which I have done 
in Egypt, and in the wilderness, and try Me 
these ten times, and have not hearkened to 
My voice — ^they see not the land which I 
have sworn to their fathers, yea, none of 
those despising Me see it; '^aud My servant 
Caleb, because there hatli been anotlier spirit 
with him, and he is fully after Me — I have 
brought him in unto the land whither he 
hath entered, and his seed doth possess it. 

^ ' And the Amalekite aud the Canaanite 
are dwelling in the valley; to-mori-ow tm-n 
ye and journey for yourselves into the wilder- 
ness — the way of the Bed Sea.' 

-i^Aud Jehovah speaketh imto Moses, and 
unto Aaron, saying, -'' ' Until when hath this 
evil company that which they are murmuring 
against Me? the miu-murings of the sons of 
Israel, which they are murmm-ing against Me, 
I have heard; -^say unto them, I live- — an 
affirmation of Jehovah — if, as ye have spoken 
in Mine ears — so I do not to you ; "^ in this 
wilderness do your carcases fall, even all your 
uumbered ones, to all your number, from a 
son of twenty years and upward, who have 
muiinured against Me ; '^^ ye — ye come not in 
unto the land which 1 have lifted up My hand 
to cause you to tabernacle in it, except Caleb 
aon of Jephuuncli. aud Joshua son of Nun. 

^^ 'As to yoiu- infants — of wlioni ye have 
said, A spoil they are become — I have even 



brought them in, and they iiave known the 
land which ye have kicked against ; ^- as to 
you — your carcases do fall in this \vilderness, 
^^and your sons are evil in the wilderness 
forty years, and have borne your whoredoms 
tm your carcases are consumed in the wilder- 
ness ; 34 by the number of the days in which 
ye spied the land, forty days, — a day for a 
year, a day for a year— ye do bear your ini- 
quities, forty years, and ye have known my 
breaking off ; ^^I am Jehovah, I have spoken ; 
if I do not this to all this evil company who 
are meeting against me;— in this wilderness 
they are consumed, and there they die.' 

^^ And the men whom Moses hath sent to 
spy the land, and they turn back aud cause 
all the company to murmur against him, by 
bringing out an evil account concerning the 
land, 37 even the men bringing out an evil 
accoimt of the land die by the plague before 
Jehovah ; ^Sand Joshua son of Nun, and Caleb 
son of Jephunneh, have lived of those men 
who go to spy out the land. 

39 And Moses speaketh these words unto all 
the sons of Israel, and the people mourn ex- 
ceedingly, 40 and they rise early in the morn- 
ing, and go up ujito the top of the mountain, 
saying, ' Here we are, and we have come up 
unto the place which Jehovah hath spoken 
of, for we have sinned.' 

^ And Moses saith, ' Why is this ? — ye are 
transgressing the command of Jehovah, and 
it dotn not prosper; ^go not up, for Jehovah 
is not in your midst, and ye are not smitten 
before your enemies ; ^ for the Amalekite and 
the Canaanite are there before you, and ye 
have fallen by the sword, because that ye 
have turned back from after Jehovah, and Je- 
hovah is not with you.' 

** And they presume to go up unto the top 
of the mountain, and the ark of the covenant 
of Jehovah and Moses have not departed out 
of the midst of the camp. 

^ And the Amalekite and the Canaanite 
who are dwelling in that mountain come down 
and smite them, aud beat them down — imto 
Hormah. 

XV. 1 AND Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, 
saying, " ' Speak imto the sons of Israel, and 
thou hast said unto them. When ye come in 
unto the land of your dwellings, which I am 
giving to you, 3 then ye have prepared a fire- 
offering to Jehovah, a bm-nt-offering, or a sac- 
rifice, at separating a vow or free-wiU-offer- 
ing, or in your appointed things, to make a 
sweet fragrance to Jehovah, out of the herd, 
or out of the flock. 

* ' And he who is bringing near his offering 
to Jehovah hath brought near a present of 
flour, a tenth deal, mixed with a fourth of 
the hin of oil; ''and wine for a libation, a 
fourth of the hin thou dost prepare for the 
burnt-offering or for a sacrifice, for the one 
lamb; ®or for a ram thou dost prepare a 
present of flour, two-tenth deals, mixed with 
oil, a third of the hin; ''and wine for a 
libation, a third part of the hin, thou dost 
bring near — a sweet fragrance to Jehovah. 

8 ' And when thou makest a son of the herd 
a burnt-otfering or a sacrifice, at separating a 
101 



Laws concerning sacrifices. 



XV. 9.— NUMBERS.— XVI. 9. 



^he sabbath-breaker stotied. 



vow or peace-oflFeringa to Jeliovah " then he 
hath brought near for the son of the herd a 
present of fiour, three-tenth deals, mixed 
with oil, a half of the hin; ^"and wine thou 
bringest near for a libation, a half of the hin 
— a fire-offering of sweet fragrance to Jehovah ; 
" thus it is done for the one o^ or for the one 
ram, or for a lamb of the sheep or of the 
goats. 

^^ 'According to the nimiber that ye prepare, 
so ye do to eacn, according to their number ; 
]^ every native doth thus with these, at bring- 
ing near a fii-e-offering of sweet fragrance to 
Jehovah ; i'* and when a sojourner sqjourneth 
with you, or whoso is in your midst to your 
generations, and he hath made a fire-offering 
of sweet fragi'ance to Jehovah, as ye do so 
he doth. 

'^ ' One statute is for you of the congrega- 
tion and for the sojourner who is sojourning, 
a statute age-during to your generations: as 
ye are so is the sojourner before Jehovah; 
'^ one law and one ordinance is to you and to 
the sojourner who is sojourning with you.' 

1^ And Jehovah speaketh imto Moses, say- 
ing, ^8'gpeak unto the sons of Israel, and 
thou hast said unto them. In yoiir coming in 
imto the laud whither I am bringing you in, 
'^then it hath been, in your eating of the 
bread of the land, ye heave up a heave-offer- 
mg to Jehovah ; -" the beginning of j^our 
dough a cake ye heave up — a heave-offering; 
as the heave-offering oi a threshing-floor, 
BO ye do heave it. ^^^Of the beginning of 
your dough ye do give to Jehovah a heave- 
offering — to yom- generations. 

''- ' And when ye err, and do not all these 
commands which Jehovah hath spoken imto 
Moses, ^the whole that Jehovah hath charged 
upon you by the hand of Moses, from the 
day that Jehovali hath commanded, and 
henceforth, to your generations, ^then it 
hath been, if from the eyes of the company 
it hath been done in ignorance, that all the 
company have preijared one bullock, a son of 
the nerd, for a burnt-offering, for sweet frag- 
rance to Jehovah, and its present, and its 
libation, according to the orcunance, and one 
kid of the goats for a sin-offering. 

25 'And the priest hath made atonement 
for all the company of the sons of Israel, 
and it hath been forgiven them, for it is 
ignorance, and they — they have brought in 
their offering, a fire-offerinf; to Jehovah, 
even their sin-offering befox-e Jehovah for their 
ignorance ; ^^ and it hath been forgiven to all 
the company of the sons of Israel, and to the 
sojourner who is sojourning in their midst; 
for to all the company it is done in iterance. 

2^ ' And if one ijerson sin in ignorance, then 
he hath brought near a she-goat, daughter of 
a year, for a sin-offering; ^and the priest 
hath made atonement for the person who is 
erring, in his sinning in ignorance before Je- 
hovah, by making atonement for him, and it 
hath been forgiven him; -"for the native 
among the sons of Israel, and for the so- 
journer who is sojourning in their midst — 
one law is to you, for him who is doing any- 
i/uMf/ through ignorance 

*" ' And the person who doth aughC with a 
102 



high hand— of the native or of the sojourner 
— Jehovah he is reviling, and that person hatb 
been cut off from the midst of nis people; 
31 because the word of Jehovah he despisedj 
and His command hath broken — that person 
is certainly cut off; his iniquity is on hun.' 

2^ And tne sons of Israel are in the wilder- 
ness, and they find a man gathering wood on 
the sabbath-day, ^a^nd those finding him 
gathering wood bring him near unto Moses, 
and imto Aaron, and unto all the company, 
3'* and they place him in ward, for it is not 
explained wnat is to be done to him. 

^And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'The 
man is certainly put to death, all the com- 
pany stoning him with stones, at the outside 
of the camp. ' 

3^ And all the company bring him out unto 
the outside of the camp, and stone him with 
stones, and he dieth, as Jeliovah hath com- 
manded Moses. 

37 And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, 38 < Speak xmto the sons of Israel, and 
thou hast said unto them, and they have 
made for themselves fringes on the skirts of 
their garments, to their generations, and 
they have put on the fringe of the skii-t a 
ribbon of blue, 39 and it hath been to you for 
a friuge, and ye have seen it, and have re- 
membered all the commands of Jehovah, and 
have done them, and ye search not after 
your heart, and after your eyes, after which 
ye are going a-whoriug; ^"so that ye remember 
and have done all My commands, and ye have 
been holy to yoxir God ; ^^ I am Jehovah your 
God, who hath brought you out from the 
land of Egypt to become your God; I, Je- 
hovah, am your God.' 

XVI. ^AND Korah, son of Izhar, son of 
Kohath, son of Levi, taketh both Dathan 
and Abiram sons of Eliab, and On son of Pe- 
leth, sons of Reuben, ^ and they rise iip be- 
fore Moses, with men of the sons of Israel, 
two himdred and!fifty, princes of the company, 
called of the convention, men of name, 3 and 
they are assembled against Moses and against 
Aaron, and say unto thom, ' Enough of you ! 
for all the company — all of them are holy, 
and in their midst is Jehovah ; and wherefore 
do ye lift yourselves up above the assembly 
of Jehovah?' 

^ And Moses hearetli, and faUeth on his 
face, * and he speaketh imto Korah, and unto 
all his company, saying, 'Morning!— and Je- 
hovah is knowing those who are his, and him 
who is holy, and hath brought near unto Him ; 
even him whom He doth fix on He bringeth 
ncai unto Him. ^ This do : take to your- 
selves censers, Korah, and aU his company, 
'' and put in them fire, and put on theip 
perfume, before Jehovah to-morrow, and^t 
hath been, the man whom Jehovah chooseth, 
he is the holy one;— enough of you, sons of 
Levi.' 

8 And Moses saith unto Korah, ' Hear yc, I 
pray you, sons of Levi; "is it little to you 
that the God of Israel hath separated you 
from the company of Israel to bnng you near 
ujito Himselr, to do the service of the tabiT- 
uacle of Jehovah, and to stand before the 



Pebellion of Korah, ttc. 



XVI. 10.— NUMBERS.— XVI. 50. 



Plague among the people. 



company to serve tliem? — ^" yea, He doth 
bring thee near, and all thy Lrethi-en the sons 
of Levi with thee — and ye have sought also 
the priesthood ! ^^ Therefore, thou and all thy 
company who are met are against Jehovah ; 
and Aaron, what is he, that ye miirmiir 
against him?' 

^^ And Moses sendeth to call for Dathan 
and for Abiram sons of Eliab, and they say, 
' We do not come up ; ^^ is it little that thou 
hast brought us up out of a land flowing with 
milk and honey to put us to deatli in a wil- 
derness that thou also certainly makest 
thyself prince over us? ^^Yea, unto a land 
flowing with millv and honey thou hast not 
brought us in, nor dost thou give to us an in- 
heritance of field and vineyard; the eyes of 
these men dost thou pick out? we do not come 
up.' 

1" And it is very displeasing to Moses, and 
he saith imto Jehovah, ' Turn not Thou unto 
their present ; not one ass from them have I 
taken, nor have I afflicted one of them.' 

1^ AJad Moses saith unto Korah, ' Thou and 
all thy com]:)any, be ye before Jehovah, thou, 
and they, and Aaron, to-morrow ; ^'' and take 
ye each his censer, and ye have put on them 
perfume, and brought near before Jehovah, 
each his censer, two hundred and fifty cen- 
sers; and thou and Aaron, each his censer.' 

^8 And they take each his censer, and put 
on them fire, and lay on them perfimie, and 
they stand at the opening of the tent of meet- 
ing, with Moses and Aaron. i^And Korah 
assembleth against them all the company 
unto the opening of the tent of meeting, and 
the honour of Jehovah is seen by all the com- 
pany. 

^^ And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses and 
unto Aaron, saying, ^^ ' Be ye separated from 
the midst of this company, and I consume 
them in a moment ; ' ^" and they fall on their 
faces, and say, ' God, God of the spirits of all 
llesh — the one man sinneth, and against all 
the company Thou art wroth ! ' 

^* And Jehovah speaketh imto Moses, say- 
ing, -■* ' Speak imto the company, saying. Go 
ye up from round about the tabernacle of 
Koran, Dathan, and Abiram.' 

-^ And Moses riseth, and goeth imto Dathan 
and Abiram, and the elders of Israel go after 
him, ^s and he speaketh imto the company, 
saying, 'Tui'n aside, I pray you, from the 
tents of these wicked men, and come not 
against anything that they have, lest ye be 
consumed in all their sins.' 

-^ And they go up from the tabernacle of 
Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, from round 
about, and Dathan and Abiram liave come 
out, standing at the opening of their tents, 
and their wives, and their sons, and their 
infants. 

*^ And Moses saith, ' By this ye do know 
that Jehovah hath scut me to do all these 
works, that they are not from my own heart; 
""if according to the death of all men these 
die — or the charge of all men is charged upon 
them — Jehovah liath not sent inc ; ^*' and if 
a strange tuing Jehovah do, and the ground 
bath opened her mouth and swallowed them, 
and all that they have, and they have gone 



down alive to Sheol — then ye have known 
that these men have despised Jehovah.' 

^1 And it cometh to pass at his finishing 
speaking all these words, that the ground 
which is under them cleaveth, ^2 j^^ ^\^q 
earth opeueth her mouth, and swaUoweth 
them, and their houses, and all the men who 
are for Korah, and all the goods, ^3 and they 
go down, they, and all that they have, aUve 
to Sheol, and the earth closeth over them, 
and they perish from the midst of the assem- 
bly; 3^ and all Israel who are round about 
them have fled at their voice, for they said, 
' Lest the earth swallow us ; ' ^^ and fire hath 
come out from Jehovah, and consumeth the 
two himdi-ed and fifty men bringing near the 
perfume. 

^'^ And Jehovah speaketh imto Moses, say- 
ing, 37 ' Say unto Eleazar son of Aaron the 
priest, and he lifteth up the censers from the 
midst of the burning, and the fire scatter 
thou yonder, for they have been hallowed, 
"^^even the censers of these sinners against 
theii- own souls ; and they have made them 
spread-out plates, a covering for the altar, for 
they have brought them near before Jehovah, 
and they are hallowed ; and they are become 
a sign to the sons of Israel.' 

35 And Eleayar the priest taketh the bra- 
zen censers wnich they who are burnt had 
brought near, and they spread them out, a 
covering for the altar — *" a memorial to the 
sons of Israel, so that a stranger who is not 
of the seed of Aaron doth not draw near to 
make a perfume before Jehovah, and is not 
as Koran, and as his company, — as Jehovah 
hath spoken by the hand of Moses to him. 

^^ And all the company of the sons of Israel 
murmur, on tbe moiTow, against Moses and 
against Aaron, saying, 'Ye — ^ye have put to 
death the people of Jehovah.' 

''■J And it cometh to pass, in the company 
being assembled against Moses and against 
Aaron, that they turn towards the tent of 
meeting, and lo, the cloud hath covered it, 
and the honour of Jehovah is seen ; ^ and 
Moses cometh — Aaron also — imto the fcront 
of the tent of meeting. 

■*'* And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, ■^^ ' Get you up from the midst of this 
company, and I consume them in a moment ; ' 
and they fall on theii" faces, ''^and Moses 
saith unto Aaron, ' Take the censer, and put 
on it fire from off the altar, and place per- 
fume, and go, hasten unto the company, and 
make atonement for them, for the wrath hath 
gone out from the presence of Jehovah — the 
plague hath begun.' 

■*" And Aaron taketh as Moses hath spoken, 
and runneth unto the midst of the assem- 
bly, and lo, the plague hath begun among 
the people; and he giveth the perfume, ana 
maketh atonement for the people, ^^ and 
standeth between the dead and the living, 
and the plague is restrained ; *^ and those who 
die by the plague are fomtcen thousand and 
seven hundred, apart from those who die for 
the matter of Korah ; ^" and Aaron turneth 
back unto Moses, unto the oioening of the tent 
of meeting, and the plague hath been re- 
strained. 

108 



Aaron's rod blossometh. 



XVII. 1 AND Jehovah speaketh unto Mo- 
ses, saviuff, " ' Speak unto tne sons of Israel, 
and take from them each a rod, for a father's 
house, from aU their princes, for the house of 
their fathers, twelve rods; the name of each 
thou dost write on his rod, ^and Aarou]s 
name thou dost write on the tribe of Levi ; 
for one rod is for the head of their fathers' 
house: *and thou hast placed them in the 
tent of meeting, before the testimony, where 
I meet with you. 

^ ' And it hath come to pass, the man's 
rod on whom I fix doth flourish, and I have 
caused to cease from off me the murmurings 
of the sons of Israel, which they are murmur- 
ing against you.' 

*And Moses speaketh unto the sons of 
Israel, and all their princes give imto him one 
rod for a prince, one rod for a prince, for their 
fathers' house, twelve rods, and the rod of 
Aaron is in the midst of their rods; /and 
Moses placeth the rods before Jehovah, in the 
tent of the testimony. 

*And it cometh to pass, on the morrow, 
that Moses goeth in imto the tent of the 
testimony, and lo, the rod of Aaron hath 
flourished for the house of Levi, and is bring- 
ing out flourishing, and doth blossom blos- 
soms, and doth produce almonds ; ^ and Moses 
bringeth out all the rods from before Jehovah, 
imto all the sons of Israel, and they look, and 
take each his rod. 

i^And Jehovah saith imto Moses, 'Put 
back the rod of Aaron, before the testimony, 
for a charge, for a sign to the sons of rebel- 
lion, and thou dost remove their murmurings 
from ofl" me, and they do not die ; ' ^^ and 
Moses doth as Jehovah hath commanded 
him; so he hath done. 

1^ And the sons of Israel speak imto Moses, 
saying, ' Lo, we have expired ; we have per- 
isned,; we have all of us perished ; " any 
who is at all drawing near imto the tabernacle 
of Jehovah dieth ; have we not been consumed 
— to expire?' 

XVIIL ^ AND Jehovah saith unto Aaron, 
' Thou, and thy sons, and the house of thy 
father with thee, do bear the iniquity of the 
sanctuary ; and tliou, and thy sons with thee, 
do bear the iniquity of your priesthood; - and 
also thy brethren, the tribe of Levi, the tribe 
of thy father, bring near with thee, and they 
are joined unto thee, and serve thee, even 
thou and thy sons with thee, before the tent 
of the testimony. 

* ' And th^y have kept thy charge, and the 
charge of all the tent ; only, unto the vessels 
of the sanctuary and unto the altar they do 
not come near, and they die not, either they 
or you ; * and they have been joined imto thee, 
and have kept the charge of the tent of meet- 
ing, for all the service of the tent; and a 
stranger doth not come near unto you ; '•> and 
ye have kept the charge of the sanctuary, 
and the charge of the altar, and there is no 
more wrath against the sons of Israel. 

"'And I, lo, I have taken your brethren 
the Levites froin the midst of tlic sons of 
Israel; to you a gift they arc given by Je- 
hovah, to do the service of the tent of meet- 
104 



XVII. 1. — NUMBERS. — xvm. 24. Maintenance of the jyneata. 

ing; ^and thou, and thy sous with thee, do 
keep your priesthood, for everything of the 
altar, and within the vail, and ye have served ; 
a service of gift I make your priesthood; 
and the stranger who is coming near is put 
to death.' 

8 And Jehovah speaketh unto Aaron : ' And 
I, lo, I have given to thee the charge of My 
heave-offerings, of all the hallowed things of 
the sous of Isiael — to thee I have given them 
for the anointing, and to thy sons, by a sta- 
tute age-during. '■' This is thine of the most 
holy things, from the fire: all their ofl'ering. 
to all their jiresent, and to all their sin-offer- 
ing, and to all their guilt-oft'ering, which 
they give back to Me, is most holy to thee, 
and to thy sons; i^in the holy of hoUes thou 
dost eat it; every male doth eat it; holy it is 
to thee. 

^1 'And this is thine: the heave-ofl'eriug of 
their gift, to all the wave-offerings of the 
sous of Israel, to thee I have gi\'^u them,' 
and to thy sons, aud to thy daughters with 
thee, by a statute age-during; every clean 
one in thy house doth eat it ; ^- all the best of 
the oU, aud all the best of the new wine, and 
wheat — their iirst-fruHs which they give to 
Jehovah — to thee I have given them. 

^■^ 'The first-fruits of all that is in their 
land, which they bring in to Jehovah, are 
thine ; every clean one in thy house doth eat 
it; ^* every devoted thing in Israel is thine, 
^^ every one opening a womb of all flesh which 
they bring near to Jehovah, among man and 
among beast, is thine ; only, thou dost cer- 
tainly ransom the first-born of man, aud the 
firstlmg of the unclean beast thou dost ran- 
som. 

1^ ' And their ransomed ones from a son of 
a month, thou dost ransom Avith thy valua- 
tion, of silver, five shekels, by the shekel of 
the sanctuary, twenty gerahs it is. 

^^ ' Only, the firstling of a cow, or the first- 
ling of a sheep, or the tu-stling of a goat, thou 
dost not ransom, holy they are : their blood 
thou dost sprinlde on the altar, and "of their 
fat thou makest perfume, a lire-otfering of 
sweet fragrance to Jehovah, ^^ and their flesh 
is thine, as the breast of the wave-offering, 
and as the right leg, it is thine ; ^^ all the 
heave-ofleriugs of the holy things which the 
sons of Israel lift up to Jehovah I liavo 
giveu to thee and to thy sons, and to thy 
daughters with thee, by a statute age-during, 
a covenant of salt, age-during it is before 
Jehovah, to thee and to thy seed witli thee.' 

-" And Jehovah saith unto Aaron, 'In 
their laud thou dost uot inherit, aud a portion 
thou hast uot in their midst: I am thy portion, 
and thine inheritance in the midst of tlie 
sons of Israel ; -^ aud to the sous of Levi, lo, 
I have given all the tenth in Israel for in- 
heritance in exchange for theu* service which 
they are serving— the service of the tent of 
meeting. 

" 'And the sons of Israel come no nuiro 
near unto the tout of meeting, to bear sin, 
to die, "' anil the Levites have done the service 
of the tent of meeting, and they— they bear 
their iniquity ; a statute age-during to your 
generations, that in tlie midst of the sona of 



Water of purification. 



XVIII. 24.— NUMBERS.- xx. 5 



The people again murmur. 



Israel they have no inheritance ; "* but the 
tithe of the sons of Israel which they lift up 
to Jehovah, a heave-ofi'ering, I have given to 
the Levites for inheritance ; therefore I have 
said of them, In the midst of the sons of 
Israel tliey have no inheritance. ' 

^5 And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, ^s ' And unto the Levites thou dost speak; 
and thou hast said unto them. When ye take 
from the sons of Israel the tithe which I have 
given to you from them, for your inheritance, 
then ye have lifted up from it the heave- 
offering of Jehovah, a tithe of the tithe; 
^ and your heave-ofi'ering hath been reckoned 
to you as corn from the threshing-floor, and 
as fulness from the wine-vat ; ^^ so ye do lift 
up — ye also — the heave-otfering of Jehovah 
from all your tithes which ye receive from the 
sons of Israel ; and ye have given from it the 
heave-offering of Jehovah to Aaron the priest; 
^^ out of all your gifts ye do lift up the whole 
heave-ofiering of Jehovah ; out of all its fat, 
— its hallowed part — out of it. 

^" ' And thou hast said unto them. In your 
lifting up its fat out of it, then it hath been 
reckoned to the Levites, as increase of a 
threshing-floor, and as increase of a wine-vat ; 
^^ and ye have eaten it in every place, ye and 
your households, for it is your hire in exchange 
tor your service in the tent of meeting ; ^- and 
ye bearno sin for it, in your lifting up its fat 
out of it, and the holy things of the sons of 
of Israel ye do not pollute, and ye die not. ' 

XIX. ^ AND Jehovah speaketh imto Moses, 
and unto Aaron, saying, ^ ' This is a statute 
of the law which Jehovah hath commanded, 
saying. Speak unto the sons of Israel, and they 
bring unto thee a red cow, a perfect one, in 
which there is no blemish, on which no yoke 
hath gone up ; ^ and ye have given it unto 
Eleazar the priest, and he hath brought it out 
imto the outside of the camp, and hath slaugh- 
tered it before him. 

* ' And Eleazar the priest hath taken of its 
blood with his fiiiger, and hath sprinkled 
over-against the front of the tent of meeting 
of her olood seven times ; ^ and one hath burnt 
the cow before his eyes ; her skin, and her 
flesh, and her blood, besides her dun^, he doth 
burn ; " and the priest hath taken cedar wood, 
and hyssop, and scarlet, and hath cast imto 
the midst of the biu-ning of the cow ; '' and the 
priest hath washed his garments, and hath 
bathed his flesh with water, and afterwards 
doth come in unto the camp, and the priest 
is unclean till the evening ; ^ and he who is 
burning it doth wash his garments with water, 
and hath bathed his flesh with water, and is 
imclean till the evening. 

^ ' And a clean man hath gathered the ashes 
of the cow, and hath placed at the out- 
side of the camp, in a clean place, and it hath 
become to the comjjany of the sons of Israel a 
charge for waters of separation — it is a clean- 
sing : 1" and he who is gathering the ashes of 
the heifer hath washed his garments, and is 
xmclean till the evening ; and it hath been to 
the sous of Israel, and to the sojourner who is 
sojourning in their midst, for a statute age- 
during. 



" ' He who IS conung against the dead body 
of any man— is unclean seven days ; '" he doth 
cleanse himself for it on the third day, and on 
the seventh day he is clean ; and if he cleanse 
not himself on the third day, then on the 
seventh day he is not clean. ^^ ^uy ^^g ^^jj^ 
is coming against the dead, against the body 
of man who dieth, and cleanseth not himself 
—the tabernacle of Jehovah he hath defiled, 
and that person hath been cut off from Israel, 
for water of separation is not sprinkled upon 
him ; he is unclean ; his uncleanness is stiU 
upon him. 

1'' ' This is the law, when a man dieth in a 
tent : every one who is coming in unto the 
tent, and all that is in the tent, is unclean 
seven days; ^^and every open vessel which 
hath no covering of thread upon it is unclean. 

1^ ' Aud every one who cometh, on the face 
of the field, against the pierced of a sword, 
or against the dead, or against a bone of 
man, or against a gi-ave, is unclean seven 
days ; '^'^ and they have taken for the imclean 
person of the ashes of the burning of the 
cleansing, and he hath put upon it running 
water unto a vessel; ^^and a clean person 
hath taken hyssop, and hath dipped it in 
water, and hath sprinkled on the tent, and 
on all the vessels, and on the persons who 
have been there, and on him who is com- 
ing against a bone, or against one pierced, or 
against the dead, or agamst a gi'ave. 

1" ' And the clean hath sprinkled it on the 
imclean on the third day, and on the seventh 
day, and hath cleansed him on the seventh 
day, and he hath washed his garments, and 
hath bathed with water, and hath been clean 
in the evening. 

^^ ' And the man who is unclean, and doth 
not cleanse himseK, even that person hath 
been cut off from the midst of the assembly ; 
for the sanctuary of Jehovah he hath defiled'; 
water of separation is not sprinlded upon him ; 
he w>' unclean. 

"^ 'And it hath been to them for a statute 
age-during, that he who is sprinkling the 
water of separation doth wash his garments, 
and he who is coming against the water of 
separation is unclean till the evening, ^^ and 
all against which the unclean person cometh 
is iinclean, and the person who is coming 
against it is imclean till the evening.' 

XX. ^AND the sons of Israel come in, 
— aU the company — to the wilderness of Zin, 
in the first month, and the people abide 
in Kadesh, and Miriam dieth there, and is 
buried there. 

^And there hath been no water for the 
company, and they are assembled against 
Moses, and against Aaron, ^and the people 
strive with Moses, and speak, saying, 'And 
oh that we had expired when our brethren 
expired before Jehovah! ^and why have ye 
brought in the assembly of Jehovah unto 
this wilderness to die there, we and our 
beasts? *and why hast thou brought us up 
out of Egyjit to bring us in unto this evu 
place? no place of seed, and fig, and vine, 
aud pomegranate ; and water there is none to 
drink. 

105 



iVala- miraculously supplied. xx. G. — NUMBEES. — xxi. 15. 



The brazen serpetU, 



^ And Moses auJ Aarou go in from the 
presence of tlie asaeinbly unto tlie opening 
of the teut of meeting, and fall on their 
faces, and the honour of Jehovah is seen V)y 
them. 

■^And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, 8 ' Take the rod, and assemble the com- 
pany, thou and Aaron thy brother ; and ye 
have spoken imto the rock before their eyes, 
and it hath given its water, and thou hast 
brought out to them w^ater from the rock, 
and hast watered the company, and their 
beasts.' 

^And Moses taketh the rod from before 
Jehovali, as He hath commanded him, ^^ and 
Moses and Aaron assemble the assembly 
unto the front of the rock, and he saith to 
them, ' Hear, I pray you, rebels, from this 
rock do we bring out to you water?' i*and 
Moses lifteth up his hanci, and smiteth the 
rock with his rod twice; and much water 
conieth out, and the company drink, also 
their beasts. 

^^ And Jehovah saith unto Moses, and imto 
Aaron, 'Because yc Jiave not believed in Me 
to sanctify Me before the eyes of the sons 
of Israel, therefore ye do not bring in this 
assembly unto the land which I have given 
to them.' 

^^ These are waters of Meribah, because 
the sons of Israel have ' striven' with Jehovah, 
and He is sanctified upon them. 

^■* And Moses sendeth messengers from Ka- 
desh imto the king of Edom, ' Thus said thy 
brother Israel, Thou — thou hast known all 
the travail which hath found us; ^^that our 
fathers go down to Egypt, and we dwell in 
Egypt many days, and the Egyptians do evil 
to us and to our fathers ; i" and we cry unto 
Jehovah, and He heareth our voice, and send- 
eth a messenger, and is bringing us out of 
Egypt; and lo, we are in Kadesh, a city in the 
extremity of thy border. ^^ Let us pass over, 
we pray thee, through thy land ; we pass not 
over through a field, or through a vineyard, 
nor do we drink waters of a well ; the way 
of the king we go, we turn not aside — right or 
left — till that we pass over thy border.' 

18 And Edom saith unto him, 'Thou dost 
not pass over through me, lest with sword I 
comt, out to meet thee.' 

1* And the sous of Israel say unto him, ' In 
the highway we go, and if of tliy waters we 
drink — I and my cattle — then I have given 
their price ; only (it is nothing) on my feet 1 
pass over.' 

^^ And he saith, 'Thou dost not pass over ;' 
and Edom cometn out to meet him with much 
people, and with a strong liand; -i and Edom 
ref useth to suiier Israel to pass over through 
his border, and Israel turneth aside from off 
him. 

--And the sons of Israel, the whole com- 
pany, journey from Kadesh, and come in unto 
mount Hor, -^and Jehovah speaketh unto 
Moses and unto Aaron in mount Hor, on tlie 
border of the land of Edom, saying, -' ' Aarou 
is gathered imto his people, for he doth not 
go in unto the land wliicli I have given to the 
sons of Israel, because that ye provoked My 
mouth at the waters of Meribah. 
106 



-'' 'Take Aaron and Eleazar his son, and 
cause them to go up mount Hor, "^ and strip 
Aaron of his garments, and thou hast clothed 
with them Eleazar his son, and Aaron is ga- 
thered, and doth die there.' 

-^And Moses doth as Jehovah hath com- 
manded, and they go up unto mount Hor 
before the eyes of aU the company, -3 ^jid 
Moses strippeth Aaron of his garments, and 
clotheth with them Eleazar his son, and Aaron 
dieth there on the tor) of the mount; and 
Moses Cometh down — Eleazar also — from the 
mount, ^^_ and all the company see that Aaron 
hath expired, and they bewail Aaron thirty 
days— aD the house of Israel. 

XXI. 1 AND the Canaanite — king Arad — 
dwelling in the south, heareth that Israel 
hath come the way of the Atharim, and he 
fighteth against Israel, and taketh some of 
them captive. 

^ And Israel voweth a vow to Jehovah, and 
saith, ' If Thou dost certainly give this people 
into my hand, then I have devoted their 
cities ; ' ^ and Jehovah hearkeneth to the voice 
of Israel, and giveth up the Canaanite, and 
he devoteth them and their cities, and calletii 
the name of the place Hormah. 

* And they journey from mount Hor, the 
way of the Red Sea, to compass the land of 
Edom, and the soul of the people is short in 
the way, ^ and the people speak against God, 
and against Moses, ' Why hast thou brought 
us up out of Egypt to die in a wilderness? for 
there is no bread, and there is no water, and 
our soul hath been weary of this light bread.' 

** And Jehovah sendeth among the people 
the burning serpents, and they bite the 
people, and much people of Israel die ; ^ and 
the ijeople come in imto Moses and say, ' We 
have sinned, for we have spoken against Je- 
hovah, and against thee ; pray imto Jehovah, 
and He doth turn aside from us the serpent ; ' 
and Moses prayeth in behalf of the people. 

8 And Jehovah saith imto Moses, ' Make 
for thee a burning serpent, and set it on an 
ensign ; and it hath been, every one who is 
bitten and hath seen it— he hath lived. 

^ And Moses maketh a serpent of brass, 
and setteth it on the ensign, and it hath been, 
if the serpent hath bitten any man, and ho 
hath looked expectingly imto the serpent of 
brass — he liath lived. 

1" And the sous of Israel journey, and en- 
camp in Oboth. 

" And they journey from Oboth, and en- 
camp in Ije-Abarim, in the wilderness that ia 
on the front of Moab, at the rising of tlie sun. 

1- From thence thej' have journeyed, and 
encamp in the valley of Zared. 

" From thence they have journeyed, and 
encamp beyond Arnon, which is in the vn\- 
derness which is coming out of the border of 
the Amorite, for Arnon is the border of Moab, 
between Moab and tlie Amorite ; ^* therefore 
it is said in a book, 'The wars of Jehovah,'- - 

' Waheb in Suphah. 
And the brooKS oi Arnon; 
'^ And the spring of the brooks, 

Which turned aside to the dwelling of At 
And hath leaned to the border of Moab.' 



tsrad smiteth the AmorUea. xxi. 16.— NtJMBEKS.— xxii. 20. Bala/c scndeth to Balaam. 



^^ And from thence they journeyed to Beer: 
it is the well concerning wliich Jeliovah said 
to Moses, ' Gather the peoijlc, and I give to 
them — water.' 

^^ Then singeth Israel this soug, concerning 
the well — they liave answered to it : 
^8 'A well — digged it have princes, 

Prcj)arcd it have nobles of tlio people, 
With the lawgiver, with their staves.' 
And from the wilderness they journeyed 
to Mattanah, i" and from Mattanah to Nalia- 
liel, and from Nahaliel to Bauiotli, -* and 
from Bamotli in the valley which is in the 
field of Moab to the top of Pisgah, whicli 
hath looked on the front of the wilderness. 

^^And Israel sendeth messengers unto Si- 
hon king of the Amorite, saying, -" ' Let me 
pass through thy land, we do not turn aside 
into a lield, or into a vineyard, we do not 
drinli waters of a well ; in the king's way we 
go, till tliat wo i)ass over thy boi'dei'.' 

-■^ And Sihon hath not suOered Israel to pass 
through liis border, and Sihon gathcrcth all 
his jjeople, and cometh out to meet Israel 
into the wilderness, and cometh in to Jahaz, 
and hghteth against Israel. 

^ And Israel smiteth him by the mouth of 
the sword, and ijosscsseth his laud from Ar- 
non unto J abbok — unto the sons of Ammon ; 
for the border of the sons of Ammon is 
strong. 

'*And Israel takcth all these cities, and 
Israel dwelleth in all the cities of the Amo- 
rite, in Heshbou, and in all its villages ; -''for 
Heshbon is a city of Sihon king of the Amo- 
rite, and he hath fought against the former 
king of Moab, and taketh all his land out of 
his hand, unto Arnon ; "^ therefore those using 
similes say — 

' Enter ye Heshbou, 

Let the city of Sihon be built and ready, 
-** For lire hath gone out from Heshbon, 
A llame from the city of Sihon, 
It hath consumed Ar of Moal), 
Owners of the high places of Arnon. 
"" Wo to thee, Moab, 
Thou hast perished, ijeople of Chemosh, 
He hath given his sons who escape — 
Also his daughters — 

into captivity, to a king of the Amorite — 
Sihon ! 
'"And we shoot them. 
Perished hath Heshbou imto Dibon, 
And we make desolate unto Nophah, 
Which is unto Medelja.' 
^^ And Israel dwelleth in the land of the 
Amorite, '^'^ and Moses sendeth to spy out 
Jaazer, and they captiu-e its villages, and 
dispossess the Amorite who is there, ^^and 
turn and go \ip the way of Bashan, and Og 
king of Bashan cometh out to meet them, he 
and all his people, to liattle, at Edrei. 

_^'*Aud Jc4iovali saith unto Moses, 'Fear 
him not, for into thy hand I have given him, 
and all his people, and his land, a))d thou 
hast done to him as thou luist done to Si- 
lion king of tJie Amorite, who is dwelling in 
Heshbou.' 

•^^ And they smite him, and his sous, and 
all his i)eoi)le, iiiitil he hath not left to him 
a remnant, and they possess his laud. 



XXII. ^AND the sons of Israel jom-ney 
and encamp in the plains of Moab, beyond 
the Jordan, hr/ Jericho. 

'^And Balak son of Zippor seeth all that 
Israel hath done to the Amorite, ^ and Moab 
is exceeclinf;ly afraid of the presence of the 
people, for it is numerous ; and Moab is vexed 
by tlie presence of the sous of Israel, * and 
Moab saitli unto the elders of Midian, ' Now 
doth the assembly lick up all that is round 
about us, as the ox licketh up the green thing 
of the Hold.' 

And Balak son of Zippor Ui king of Moab 
at that time, '' and he sendeth mesaengers 
unto Balaam son of Boor, to Pethor, which 
is by the River of the land of the sons of his 
people, to call for him, saying, ' Lo, a jjcople 
hatn come out of Egyj)t; lo, it hath covered 
the eye of the laud, and it is abiding over- 
against me ; "^ and now, come, I pray thee, 
curse for me this people, for it is mightier 
than I ; it may be I prevail — we smite it — 
and I cast it out from the land ; for I have 
known — that which tluni blcsscst is blessed, 
and that which thou cursest is cursed.' 

'^ And the elders of Moab and the elders of 
Midian go, and diviuatious in their hand, 
and they come in unto Balaam, and speak 
imto him the words of Balak, ^and he saith 
unto them, ' Lodge hero to-night, and I have 
brought you back word, as Jehovah speaketh 
uiito me ; ' and the i)riuces of Moab abide 
with Balaam. 

^And God cometh in unto Balaam, and 
saith, 'W)io are these men with thee?' 

i^And Balaam saith unto God, 'Balak, 
son of Zippor, king of Moab, hath sent imto 
me : ^' Lo, the people that is coming out from 
Egyj)t and covcrctli the eye of the land, — 
now come, pierce it for me ; it may be I am 
able to light against it, and have cast it out;' 
i-and God saith imto Balaam, 'Thou dost 
not go with them; thou dost not curse the 
people; for it is blessed.' 

^■^ And Balaam riseth in the morning, and 
saith unto the princes of Balak, 'Go unto 
your laud, for Jehovah is refusing to suH'er 
me to go with you;' i"* and the princes of 
Moab I'ise, and come in imto Balak, and say, 
'Balaam is refusing to come with us.' 

^^And Balak addeth yet to send princes, 
more munerous and honoured than these, 
'•'and they come in unto Balaam, and say to 
him, 'Thus said Balak sou of Zippor, Be not, 
I pray thee, withheld from coming unto me, 
'^lor very greatly I honour thee, and all that 
thou saycst ;into me I do ; and come, I pray 
thee, pierce for me this people.' 

i** And Balaam answercth and saith unto 
the servants of Balak, ' If Balak doth give to 
me the fulness of his house of silver and gold, 
I am not able to pass over the command of 
Jehovah my God, to do a little or a great 
thing; ^'■' aud, now, alnde, I jiray you, in this 
place, you also, to-night; and 1 know what 
Jehovah is adding to speak Avitli me.' 

"" And God cometh in unto Balaam, by 
niglit, and saith to him, 'If to call for thee 
the men have come, rm-, go with them, and 
only tlie thing wliicli 1 speak unto thee — it 
thou dost do.' 

107 



Balaam^ s journey to Balak. xxii. 21.— NUMBERS. — xxiii. 17. 



Balak^s sacrificet. 



^ Ami Balaam riseth in the inoruiug, and 
saddleth his ass, and goeth with the princes 
of Moab, -- and the anger of God biirneth be- 
cause he is going, and a messenger of Jehovah 
stationeth liimseK in the way for an adver- 
sary to him, and he is riding on his ass, and 
two of his servants are with him, ^-^ and the ass 
seeth the messenger of Jehovah standing in 
the Avay, and his drawn sword in his hand, 
and the ass tiirneth aside out of the way, and 
goeth into a held, and Balaam smiteth the 
ass to turn it aside into the way. 

^ And the messenger of Jehovah standeth 
in a narrow path of the vineyards — a wall on 
this side and a wall on that — '^ and the ass 
seeth the messenger of Jehovah, and is pressed 
unto the wall, and presseth Balaam's foot un- 
to the wall, and he addeth to smite her ; ^^ and 
the messenger of Jehovah addeth to pass over, 
and standeth in a strait place where there is 
no way to turn asitle — right or left — "^ and the 
ass seeth the messenger of Jehovah, and 
croucheth iinder Balaam, and the anger of 
Balaam burneth, and he smiteth the ass with 
a staff. 

^ And Jehovah openeth the mouth of the 
ass, and she saith to Balaam, 'What have I 
done to thee that thou hast smitten me these 
three times?' "^and Balaam saith to the ass, 
' Becaiise thou hast rolled thyself against me ; 
oh that there were a sword in my hand, for 
now I had slain thee;' ^Oand the ass saith 
unto Balaam, ' Am not I thine ass, upon 
which thou hast ridden since / was thine unto 
this day? have I at all been accustomed to 
do to thee thus ?' aud he saith, ' No.' 

^1 And Jehovah imcovereth the eyes of Ba- 
laam, and he seeoth the messenger of Jehovah 
standing iu the way, and his drawn sword in 
his hand, aud he boweth and doth obeisance, 
to his face ; '^- and the messenger of Jehovah 
saith unto him, ' Wherefore hast thou smitten 
thine ass these three times? lo, I — I have 
come out for an adversary, for thy way hath 
been perverse before me, ^'^ aud the ass seeth 
me, and turneth aside at my presence these 
three times ; unless she had turned aside from 
my presence, siu-ely now also, thee I had slain, 
and her kept alive.' 

^^ Aud Balaam saith uuto the messenger of 
Jehovah, ' I have siuucd, for I did uot know 
that thou art standing to meet me iu the way ; 
and now, if evil iu thiue eyes — I tiu-u back by 
myself.' 

•'^ And the messenger of Jehovah saitli unto 
Balaam, ' Go with the mcu ; aud only tlic 
word which I speak unto thee— it thou dost 
speak ;' aud Balaam goeth with the princes of 
Balak. 

3'' Aud Balak hearcth that Balaam hath 
come, and goeth out to meet him, unto a city 
of Moab, which is on the border of Aruon, 
which is in the extremity of the l)ordcr; 
*'^aud Balak saith unto Ijalaam, ' J )id I not 
diligently sent imto tliec to call for thee? wliy 
clidst thou not come uuto me? am I not truly 
able to honour thee?' 

•"* Aud Balaam saith mito Balak, ' Tjo, 1 liave 
come uuto tlicc; now— am 1 at Jill al)](! to 
speak auytliiug? the word which God aettcth 
in my mouth— it I do sjieak.' 
108 



2^ And Balaam goeth with Balak, and they 
come to Kirjath-Huzoth, ^'and Balak sacri- 
ticeth oxen and slieep, and sendeth to Balaam, 
and to the princes who are with him'; '^ ana 
it Cometh to pass in the morning, that Balak 
taketh Balaam, and causeth him to go up thn 
high places of Baal, and he seeth from thenct 
the extremity of the people. 

XXIII. 1 AND Balaam saith unto Balak. 
' Build for me in this place seven altars, and 
make ready for me in this place seven bullocks 
and seven rams.' 

^ And Balak doth as Balaam hath spoken, 
and Balak — Balaam also — offereth a bullock 
and a ram on the altar, * and Balaam saith 
to Balak, ' Station thyself by thy bm-nt-offer- 
ing and I go on, it may be Jehovah doth 
come to meet me, and the thing which H« 
sheweth me — I have declared to thee;' and 
he goeth to a high place. 

*And God cometh -unto Balaam, and he 
saith xmto Him, 'The seven altars I have 
arranged, and I offer a bullock aud a ram on 
the altar;' ^and Jehovah putteth a word in 
the mouth of Balaam, and saith, ' Tiu-n back 
imto Balak, and thus thou dost speak.' 

^And he turneth back imto him, and lo, 
he is standing by his burnt-offering, he and 
all the princes of Moab. 
^ And he taketh up his simile, aud saith : 
' From Aram he doth lead me 
Balak king of Moab ; 
From mountains of the east: 
Come — curse for me Jacob, 
And come — be indignant witli Israel. 
8 What — do I pierce? — 
God hath not pierced ! 
And what — am I indignant? — 
Jehovali hath uot been indignant! 
For from the toj) of rocks I see it, 
Aud from heights I behold it ; 
Lo a people! alone it doth tabernacle. 
And among nations doth not reckon it- 
self. 
1° Who hath coimted the dust of Jacob, 
And the uimiber of tlie fourth of Israel ? 
Let me die the death of upright ones, 
And let my last end be lilte his !' 
^^ And Balak saith imto Balaam, ' What 
hast thou done to me? to pierce niiue enemies 
I have taken thee — aud lo, thou hast cer- 
tainly blessed ;' ^- and he answereth and saith, 
' That which Jehovali doth put in my mouth 
— it do I not take heed to speak?' 

13 And Balak saith unto hmi, ' Come, 1 pray 
thee, -with me uuto another ])lacc, whence 
thou dost sec it, only its extremity thou dost 
see, aud all of it thou dost not sec, and 
pierce it for me thence ; ' ^■^ aud he taketh him 
to the field of Zophim, unto the top of Pis- 
gah, and buildctli seven altars, aud offereth a 
bullock and a ram on the altar. 

I'' And he saitli uuto Balak, 'Station thy- 
self here by thy burnt-offering, and I — I 
meet Him tliere;' "'aud Jehovah couicth im- 
to Balaam, aud .sctlotli a word in his mouth, 
and saith, 'Turn back imto Balak, aud thus 
thou dost speak.' 

^7 And he cometh unto him, and lo, he is 
standing by his buiut-oilciin;^, aud the princes 



Balaam takes up his simile, xxiii. 18.— NUMBERS.— xxv. 2. and predicts IsraeVsgreatncits, 



of Moab with him, .and Bal.ak saitli to him : 
' Wliat hatli Johovali spoken?' 

^8 And he t.aketh up his simile, and saith: 

' Rise, Balak, and hear ; 

Give ear nnto me, son of Zippor! 
^ God is not a man — and lieth, 

And a son of man — and repenteth ! 

Hath He said — and doth He not do it ? 

And spoken— and doth He not confinn it? 
^ Lo, to bless I have received : 

Yea, He blesseth, and T cannot reverse it. 
"^ He hath not beheld iniquity in Jacob, 

Nor hath He seen perverseness in Israel ; 

Jehovah his God is with him. 

And a shont of a king is in him. 
''- God is bringing them o^it from Egypt, 

As the swiftness of a Reem is to him ; 
''^ For no enchantment is against Jacob, 

Nor divination against Israel, 

At the time it is said of Jacob and Israel, 

What hath God wrought ! 
^^ Lo, the people as a lioness riseth. 

And as a lion he lifteth himself np. 

He lieth not down till he eateth prey, 

And blood of pierced ones doth drink.' 

"^ And Balak saith unto Balaam, 'Neither 
pierce it at all, nor bless it at all ; ' -•' and 
Balaam answereth and saith unto Balak, 
'Have I not spoken nnto thee, saying. All 
that Jehovah speaketh — it I do?' 

-^ And Balak saith unto Balaam, ' Come, I 
pray thee, I take thee nnto another place ; it 
niay be it is right in the eyes of God — to 
pierce it for me from thence.' 

28 And Balak taketh Balaam to the top of 
Peor, which is looking on the front of the 
wilderness, -"and Balaam saith nnto Balak, 
' Build for me in this place seven altars, and 
make ready for me in this place seven bul- 
locks and seven rams ; ' ^•' and Bal.ak doth as 
Balaam said, and he ofFereth a bullock and a 
ram on an altar. 

XXIV. 1 AND Balaam seeth that ^<^■s good 
in the eyes of Jehovah to bless Israel, and 
he hath not gone as time by time to meet 
enchantments, and he setteth towards the 
wilderness his face ; ^ and Balaam lifteth up 
his eyes, and seeth Israel tabernacling, by its 
tribes, and the Spirit of God is upon him, 
' and he talvcth up his simile, and saith : 
' An afRrmation of Balaam son of Beor — 
And an affirmation of the man whose eyes 
are shut — 
'• An affirmation of him who is hearing say- 
ings of God — 
Wlio a vision of the Almighty sceth. 
Falling — and eyes uncovered : 
" How good have been thy tents, Jacob, 

Thy tabernacles, Israel ; 
^ As valleys they have been stretched out. 
As gardens by a river ; 
As aloes Jehovah hath planted. 
As cedars by waters ; 

7 He maketh water flow from his buckets, 
And his seed is in many waters ; 

And higher than Agag is his king. 
And exalted is liis kingdom. 

8 God is brin.ging him out of Egypt ; 
As the s\viftness of a Reem is to him. 
He eateth up nations his adversaries, 



And thoir bones he breaketh. 
And tntJi his arrows he smiteth, 
^ He hatli bent, he hath lain down as % lion. 
And as a lioness: who doth raise him iip? 
He who is blessing thee is blessed, 
And he who is cui-siug thee is cursed.' 
1" And the anger of Balak bTirneth against 
Balaam, and he striketh his hands ; and Balak 
saith unto Balaam, ' To pierce mine enemies 
I called thee, and lo, thou hast certainly 
blessed— these three times ; 'i and now, flee 
for thyself unto thy place ; I have said, I do 
greatly honour thee, and lo, Jehovah hath 
kept thee back from honoiir.' 

^■-^ And Balaam saith imto Balak, ' Did 1 
not also unto thy messengers whom thou hast 
sent unto me, speak, saying, ^^ If Balak doth 
give to me the fulness of his house of silver 
and gold, I am not able to pass over the com- 
mand of Jehovah, to do good or evil of mine 
own heart — that which Jehovah speaketh — 
it I speak? "and, now, lo, I am going to 
my peoi^le ; come, I counsel thee concerning 
that which this people doth to thy people, 
in the latter end of the days.' 
^^ And he taketh up his simile, and saith : 
' An affirmation of Balaam son of Beor — 
A-ud an affirmation of the man whose eyes 
are shut — 
'' A-U affirmation of him who is hearing saj'- 
ings of God — 
And knowing knowledge of the Most High- 
A vision of the Almighty he seeth, 
Falling — and eyes uncovered : 
1^ I see it, but not now ; 
I behold it, but not near ; 
A star hath proceeded from Jacob, 
And a sceptre hath risen from Israel, 
And hath smitten corners of Moab, 
And hath destroyed all sous of Sheth. 
18 And Edom hath been a possession. 
And Seir hath been a possession, for its 

enemies. 
And Israel is doing valiantly ; 
1" And one doth riile out of Jacob, 
And hath destroyed a remnant from Ai-.' 
-" And he seeth Amalek, and taketh up his 
simile, and saith : 

' A beginning of the Goyim is Amalek ; 
And his latter end — for ever he perisheth.' 
^1 And he seeth the Kenite, and taketh up 
his simile, and saith : 

' Enduring is thy dwelling. 
And setting in a rock thy nest, 
" But the Kenite is for a burning; 
Till when doth Asshur keep thee captive?' 
"3 And he taketh up his simile, and saith : 
'Alas! who doth live when God doth tliis? 
^ And — ships are from the side of Chittim, 
And they have humbled Asshur, 
And they have humbled Eber, 
And it also for ever is perishing.' 
-^ And Balaam riseth, and goeth, and turn- 
eth back to his place, and Balak also hath 
gone on his way. 

XXV. lAND Israel dwelleth in Shittim, 
and the people begin to go a-whoring imto 
daughters of Moab, - and thej^ caU for the 
people to the sacrifices of their gods, and 
the people eat, and bow themselves to their 
109 



The zeal of PMnehas. 



XXV. 3.— NUMBERS.-- xxvT. 31. 



Numbering of the people. 



Rods, ^ and Israel is joined to Baal-Peor, and 
the anger of Jehovah burnetii against Israel. 

* And Jehovah saitli imto Moses, ' Take all 
the chiefs of the people, and hang them be- 
fore Jehovah — over-against the snn ; and the 
fierceness of the anger of Jehovah doth turn 
back from Israel.' 

^ And Moses saith unto the judges of Israel, 
'Slay ye each his men who are joined to 
Baal-Peor.' 

^ And lo, a man of the sons of Israel hath 
come, and bringeth in unto his brethren the 
Midianitess, before the eyes of Moses, and 
before the eyes of all the company of the 
sons of Israel, who are weeping at the open- 
ing of the tent of meeting; ''and Phinehas, 
son of Eleazar, son of Aaron, the priest, 
seeth, and riseth from the midst of the com- 
pany, and taketh a javelin in his hand, ^and 
goeth in after the man of Israel unto the 
hollow place, and pierceth them both, the 
man of Israel and the woman — unto her belly, 
and the plague is restrained from the sons of 
Israel; *and the dead by the plague are four 
and twenty thousand. 

^^ And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, ^1 'Phinehas, son of Eleazar, son of Aaron 
the priest, hath turned back My fury fi nm 
the sons of Israel, by his bein» zealous w h 
My zeal in their midst, and I have not cc - 
sumed the sons of Israel in My zeal. 

^^ ' Therefore say, Lo, I am giving to him 
My covenant of peace, ^^ and it hath been to 
him and to his seed after him a covenant of 
a priesthood age-during, because that he hath 
been zealous for his God, and doth make 
atonement for the sons of Israel.' 

"And the name of the man of Israel who 
is smitten, who hath been smitten with the 
Midianitess, is Zimri son of Salu, prince of 
the house of a father of the Simeonite ; ^^and 
the name of the woman who is smitten, the 
Midianitess, is Cozbi daughter of Zur, head of 
a people — of the house of a father in Midian 
is he. 

^' And Jehovah speaketh imto Moses, say- 
ing, 1'' ' Distress the Midianites, and ye have 
smitten them, ^^ior they are adversaries to 
you with their frauds, ivith which they have 
acted fraudulently to you, concerning the 
matter of Peor, and concerning the matter of 
Cozbi, daughter of a prince oif Midian, their 
sister, who is smitten in the day of the plague 
for the matter of Peor.' 

XXVI. 1 AND it Cometh to pass, after the 
plague, that Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, 
and unto Eleazar son of Aaron the priest, 
saying, 

^ ' Take up the sum of all the company 
of the sons of Israel, from a son of twenty 
years and upward, by the house of their 
fathers, every one going out to the host in 
IsraeL' 

•*Aud_Moses speaketh — Eleazar the priest 
also — with them, in the jjlaius of Moab, by 
Jordan, riear Jericho, saying, •• ' From a son 
of twenty years and upAvard,' as Jehovah liath 
commanded Moses and the sons of Israel who 
are coming out from the land of Egyjit. 

' Keuben, first-born of Israel — sons of Re\i- 
110 



ben: of Hanoch ?.s the family of 'the Hanoeh- 
ite; of Pallu the family of the Palluite; "of 
Hezron the family of the Hezi-onitc ; of Camii 
the family of the Carmite. 

^ These are families of the Reubenite, and 
their numbered ones are three and forty thou- 
sand and seven hundred and thirty. 

8 And the son of PaUu is Eliab; ^and the 
sons of Eliab are Nemuel and Dathan and 
Abiram; this is that Dathan and Abiram, 
called ones of the company, who have striven 
against Moses and against Aaron in the com- 
pany of Korah, in their striving against Je- 
hovah, i*and the earth openeth her mouth, 
and swalloweth them and Korah, in the deatli 
of the company, in the fire consuming the two 
himdred and fifty men, and they become a 
sign ; 11 and the sons of Korah died not. 

1^ Sons of Simeon by their families : of Ne- 
muel is the family of the Nemuelite ; of Jamin 
the family of the Jaminite; of Jachin the 
family of the Jachinite ; ^^ of Zerah the family 
of the Zarhite; of Shaul the family of the 
Shaulite. 

" These are families of the Simeonite, two 
and twenty thousand and two hundred. 

^^ Sons of Gad by their families : of Zephon 
is the family of the Zephonite ; of Haggi the 
famih^ of the Haggite; of Shimi the family of 
the Shunite; i^of Ozni the family of the 
Oznite- of Eri the family of the Erite: ^^of 
Arod the family of the Arodite ; of Areli the 
family of the Arelite. 

1* These are families of the sons of Gad, 
by their numbered ones, forty thousand and 
five hundred. 

I'' Sous of Judah a?r iir and Ouan ; and Er 
dieth — Ouan also — in the land of Canaan. 
"*And sons of Judah, by their families, are: 
of Shelah the family of the Slielanite ; of 
Pharez the family of the Pharzite ; of Zerah 
the family of the Zarhite ; -^ and sons of Pharez 
are: of Hezron the family of tlie Hozronite; 
of Hamul the family of the Hamulite. 

"-These are families of Judah, by their num- 
bered ones, six and seventy thousand and five 
hundred. 

-■' Sons of Issachar by their families ; of 
Tola is the family of the Tolaite ; of Pna the 
family of the Punite; -■' of Jashub tlie family 
of the Jashubite ; of Shimron the family of the 
Shimrouite. 

^ These are families of Issachar, by their 
numbered ones, four and sixty thousand and 
three hundred. 

-"Sons of Zebiilim by their families: of 
Sered is the family of the Sardite ; of Elonthc 
family of the Elonite; of Jahleeltho family of 
the Jahleelite. 

"^ These are families of the Zebulunite by 
tlieir numbered ones, sLxty thousand and five 
hundred. 

"8 Sons of Joseph by their families are 
Manasseh and Epnraim. 

'^ Sons of Manasseh : of Machir is the family 
of the Machirite ; and Machir hath begotten 
Gilead ; of Gilead w the family of the Gil- 
cadite. 

3* Tliese are sons of Gilead : of Jeezer is the 
family of the Jeezerite; of Helek the family 
of the Helekite ; *' and o/ Asriel the family of 



Numbering of the people xxvi. 32. — NUMBERS.— xxvii. 11, in the plains of Moah. 



the Asriclitc ; and of Shechom the family of 
the Shecheuiite ; •'^audo/Shemida tlie family 
of the Shemidaite ; and of Hepher the family 
of the Hepherite. 

^ And Zelophehad son of Hepher had no 
sons biit daughters, and the names of the 
daughters of Zelophehad are Mahlah, and 
Noan, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah. 

3* These are families of Manasseh, and 
their numbered ones are two and fifty thou- 
sand and seven hundred. 

3^ These are sons of Ephraim by their fa- 
milies : of Shuthelah is the family of the 
Shuthelhite; of Becher the family of the 
Bachrite; of Tahan the family of the Ta- 
hanite. ^^ And these are sons of Shuthelah : 
of Eran the family of the Eranite. 

3^ These are families of the sons of Ephraim, 
by their nitmbered ones, two and thirty thou- 
sand and live hundred. These are sons of 
Joseph by their families. 

38 Sons of Benjamin by their families: of 
Bela is the family of the Belaite ; of Ashbel 
the family of the Ashbelite ; of Ahiram the 
family of the Ahiramite; ^^of Shupham the 
family of the Shuphamite; of Hupham the 
family of the Hupnamite. 

■*" And sons of Bela are Ard and Naaman : 
of Ard is the family of the Ardite: of Naa- 
man the family of the Naamite. 

*! These are sons of Benjamin by their 
families, and their numbered ones are five 
and forty thousand and six hundred. 

^"^ These are sons of Dan by their families : 
of Shuham is the family of the Shuhamite ; 
these are families of Dan by their families; 
*^ all the families of the Shuhamite, by their 
numbered ones, are four and sixty thousand 
and four himdred. 

^ Sons of Ashcr by their families : of Jimna 
is the family of the Jimnite; of Jesiii the 
family of the Jesiiite; of Beriah the family 
of the Beriite. ^^ Of sons of Beriah : of Heber 
is the family of the Heberite; of Malchiel 
the family of the Malchielite. ^^And the 
name of the daughter of Asher is Sarah. 

*^ These are families of the sons of Asher, 
by their numbered ones, three and fifty thou- 
sand and four hundred. 

^ Sons of Naphtali by their families : of 
Jahzeel is the family of the Jahzeelite; of 
Guni the family of the Gimite; ''^of Jczer 
the family of the Jezerite; of Shillem the 
family of the Shillemite. 

^" These are families of Naphtali by their 
families, and their munbered ones are five 
and forty thousand and four himdred. 

^^ These are numbered ones of the sons of 
Israel, six hundred thousand, and a thousand, 
seven hundred and thirty. 

^2 And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, ^3 ' To these is the land apportioned oy in- 
heritance, by the niunbcr of names ; ^^ to the 
many thou dost increase their inheritance, 
and to the few thou dost diminish their in- 
heritance ; to each according to his nimibered 
ones is given his inheritance. 

®^ ' Only by lot is the land apportioned, by 
the names of the tribes of their fathers they 
inherit ; ^^ according to the lot is th eir inheri- 
tance apportioned between many and few.' 
Ill 



^^And these are numbered ones of the 
Levite by their families: of Gershon is the 
family of the Gershonite; of Kohath the 
family of the Kohathite; of Merari the fa- 
mily of the Merarite. 

^8 These are families of the Levite: the 
family of the Libnite, the family of the He- 
bronite, the family of the Mahlite, the family 
of the Mushite, the family of the Korathite. 

And Kohath hath begotten Amram, ^'^ and 
the name of Amram's wife is Jochebed, 
daughter of Levi, whom one hath born to 
Levi in E^ypt; and she beareth to Amram 
Aaron, and Moses, and Miriam their sister. 

60 And born to Aaron Nadab and Abihu, 
Eleazar and Ithamar; ''land Nadab dieth — 
Abihu also — in their bringing near strange 
fire before Jehovah. 

^'^And their numbered ones are three and 
twenty thousand, every male from a son of 
a month and upwardsj for they have not 
numbered themselves in the midst of the 
sons of Israel ; for an inheritance hath not 
been given to them in the midst of the sons 
of Israel. 

"^ These are those numbered by Moses and 
Eleazar the priest, who have numbered the 
sons of Israel in the plains of Moab, by Jor- 
dan, near Jericho ; ^^ and among these there 
hath not Ijeen a man of those numbered by 
Moses, and Aaron the priest, who numbered 
the sons of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai, 
^ for Jehovah said of them, ' They do cer- 
tainly die in the wilderness ; ' and there hath 
not been left of them a man save Caleb son of 
Jephunneh, and Joshua son of Nim. 

XXVII. lAND daughters of Zelophehad 
son of Hepher, son of Gilead, son of Machir, 
son of Manasseh, of the families of Manasseh 
son of Joseph, draw near — and these are the 
names of his daughters, Mahlah, Noah, and 
Hoglah, and IMilcah, and Tirzah — ^ and stand 
before Moses, and before Eleazar the priest, 
and before the princes, and all the company, 
at the opening of the tent of meeting, saying : 

^ 'Our father died in the wilderness, and 
he — he was not in the midst of the company 
who were met together against Jehovalx in 
the company of Korah, but for his own sin 
he died, and had no sons ; * why is the name 
of our father withdrawn from the midst of 
his family because he hath no sou ? give to us 
a possession in the midst of the brethren of 
our father ; ' ^ and Moses bringeth near their 
cause before Jehovah. 

^And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, ^ ' Rightly are the daughters of Zeloi^he- 
had speaking; thou dost certainly give to 
them a possession of an inheritance in the 
midst of their father's brethren, and hast 
caused to pass over the inheritance of their 
father to them. 

8 'And unto the sons of Israel thou dost 
speak, saying. When a man dieth, and hath 
no son, then ye have caused his inheritance 
to pass over to his daughter; ^^and if he have 
no daughter, then ye have given his inheri- 
tance to his brethren ; ^^ and if he have no 
brethren, then ye have given his inlieritance 
to his father's brethren ; ^^ and if his father 



Moses warned of his death, xxvii. 12.— NUMBERS.— xxix. 2. Various kinds of offerings. 

have no brctlircn. then ye have given his 
inheritance to liis relation who is near unto 
Inni of his family, and he hath possessed it;' 
and it hatli been to the sons of Israel for a 
statute of judgment, as Jehovah hath com- 
manded Moses. 

i"'' And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Go up 
unto this mount Abarim, and see the land 
which 1 have given to the sons of Israel ; 
"and thou hast seen it, and thou hast been 
gathered unto thy people, also thou, as Aarou 
thy brother hath been gathered, " because ye 
provoked My mouth in the wilderness of Ziu, 
in the strife of the company— to sanctify Me 
at the waters before tneir eyes;' they are 
waters of Meribah, in Kadesh, in the wilder- 
ness of Zin. 

15 And Moses speaketh unto Jehovah, say- 
ing, 1" 'Jehovah— God of the spirits of all 
11 esh— appoint a man over the company, i'^ who 
goeth out before them, and who cometh in 
before them, and who taketh them out, and 
who bringeth them in, and the company of 
Jehovah is not as sheep which have no shep- 
herd.' 

18 And Jehovah saitli unto Moses, ' Take to 
thee Joshua son of Nun, a man in whom is 
the Spirit, and thou hast laid thine hand 
upon liim, i'*and hast caused him to stand 
before Eleazar the priest, and before all the 
company, and hast charged him before their 
eyes, -''and hast put of thine honour upon 
him, so that all the company of tlie sons of 
Israel do hearken. 

21 'And before Eleazar the priest he standeth, 
and he hath asked for him by the judgment 
of the Lights before Jehovah ; at His word 
they go out, and at His word they come in ; 
he, and all the sons of Israel with him, even 
all the company.' 

"And Aloses doth as Jehovah hath com- 
manded him, and taketh Joshua, and caus- 
eth him to stand before Eleazar the priest, 
and before all the company, -^and layeth 
liis hands upon him, and cnargeth him, as 
Jehovah hath spoken by the hand of Moses. 



XXVIII. 1 AND Jehovah speaketh unto 
Moses, saying, - ' Command the sons of Israel, 
and tliou hast said unto them, My offering, 
My bread for My iire-offerings, My sweet fra- 
grance, ye take heed to bring near to Me in 
its appointed season. 

2 ' And thou hast said to them. This is the 
fire-offering wliich ye bring near to Jehovah : 
two lambs, sons of a year, perfect ones, daily, 
a continual burnt-offering ; * the one lamb 
thou preparest in the morning, and the se- 
cond lamh thou preparest between the even- 
ings; ' and a tenth of the cphah of flour for a 
present, mixed with beaten oiL a fourth of 
the bin; "a continual burnt-offering, which 
was made in mount Sinai, for sweet fragrance, 
a fire-offering to Jehovah ; ^ and its libation, 
a fourth of the hin for the one lamb ; in the 
sanctuary cause thou a libation of strong 
drink to be poured out to Jehovah. 

8 ' And the second lamb thou dost prepare 

between the evenings ; as the present of the 

morning, and as its libation tnou preparest 

— s fire-offering, a sweet fragrance to Jehovah. 

112 



" ' And on the sabbath-day, two lambs, sons 
of a year, perfect ones, and two-tenth deals 
of flour, a present, mixed with oil, and its li- 
bation ; 10 the burnt-offering of the sabbath in 
its sabbath, besides the continual burnt-offer- 
ing and its libation. 

" 'And in the beginnings of your mouths 
ye bring near a burnt-offering to Jehovah : 
two bullocks, sons of the herd, and one ram, 
seven lambs, sons of a year, perfect ones; 
i-and three-tenth deals of flour, a present, 
mixed with oil, for the one bullock, and two- 
tenth deals of floxu-, a present, mixed with 
oil, for the one ram ; i^ and a several tenth 
deal of flour, a present, mixed with oil, for the 
one lamb ; a burnt-offering, a sweet fragrance, 
a lire-offering to Jehovah; "and their liba- 
tions are a half of the hin to a bullock, and 
a third of the hin to a ram, and a fourth of 
the hin to a lamb, of mne ; this is the bumt- 
offerinji of every month for the months of the 
year; "and one kid of the goats for a sin- 
offering to Jehovah; besides the continual 
burnt-offering it is prepared, and its libation. 
1^ ' And in the flrst month, in the four- 
teenth day of the month, is the passover to 
Jehovah; i^and in the fifteenth day of this 
month is a festival, seven days imleavened 
food is eaten; i^in the first day is an holy 
convocation, ye do no servile work, i^ and ye 
have brought near a fire-offering, a hiu-nt- 
off'ering to Jehovah: two bullocks, sons of 
the herd, and one ram, and seven lambs, sons 
of a year, perfect ones they are for you ; "" and 
their present, flour mixed with oil, three- 
tenth deals for a bullock, and two-tenth deals 
for a ram ye do prepare ; -i a several tenth deal 
thou preparest for the one lamb, for the seven 
lambs, "^ and one goat, a sin-offering, to make 
atonement for you. 

^ 'Apart from the burnt-offering of the 
morning, which is for the continual burnt- 
offering, ye prepare these ; "^ according to 
these ye prepare daily, seven days, bread of 
a flre-offering, a sweet fragrance, to Jehovah ; 
besides the continual burnt-offering it is pre- 
pared, and its libation ; -^ and on the seventh 
day a holy convocation ye have, ye do no ser- 
vile work.' 

-^ ' And in the day of the first-fruits, in 
your bringing near a new present to Jehovah, 
in your weeks, a holy convocation ye have ; yo 
do no servile work; -^and ye have brought 
near a burnt-offering for sweet fragrance to 
Jehovah : two bullocks, sons of the herd, one 
ram, seven lambs, sons of a year, ^ and their 
present, flour nuxed -with oil, three-tenth 
deals to the one bullock, two-tenth deals to 
the one ram, ^'^ a several tenth deal to the one 
lamb, for the seven lambs ; ^^ one kid of the 
^oats to make atonement for you ; 'i apart 
from the coutinual burnt-offering and its pre- 
sent ye prepare _</(em (perfect ones they are 
for you) and their libations. 

XXIX. I'AND in the seventh month, in 
the first of the month, a holy convocation ye 
have, ye do no servile work ; a day of shout- 
ing it is to you; 'and ye have prepared {% 
burnt-offering, for sweet fragrance to Je- 
hovah: one bullock, a son of the herd, on« 



Concerning sacrifices, and xxix. 3.— NUMEERS.— xxx. 7. the feast of the seventh month. 



ram, seven lambs, sous of a year, ])erfect 
ones; •'and their present. Hour mixed with 
oil, three-tenth deals for the bnllock, two- 
tenth deals for the ram, •• and one-tenth 
deal for the one lamb, for the seven lambs ; 
^and one kid of the goats, a sin-offering, to 
make atonement for you; ''apart from the 
burnt-offering of tlie month, and its present, 
and the continual burnt-offering, and its pre- 
sent, and their libations, according to their 
ordinance, for sweet fragi-ance, a lire-offering 
to Jehovah. 

^ ' And on the tenth of this seventh month 
a holy convocation ye have, and ye have 
humbled your souls ; ye do no work ; ^ and 

Je have brought near a burnt-offering to 
ehovah, a sweet fragi"auce, one bullock, a 
son of the herd, one ram, seven lambs, sous 
of a year, perfect ones they are for you, ''and 
their present. Hour mixed with oil, three- 
tenth deals for the bullock, two-tenth deals 
for the one ram, '"a several tenth deal for 
the one lamb, for the seven lambs, ^^ one kid 
of the §oats, a sin-offering; apart from the 
sin-offenng of the atonements, and the con- 
tinual burnt-offering, and its present, and 
their libations. 

1^ ' And on the fifteenth day of the seventh 
month a holy convocation ye have ; ye do no 
servile work ; and ye have celebrated a fes- 
tival to Jehovah seven days, ^^ and have 
brought near a burnt-offering, a fire-offering, 
a sweet fragi-ance, to Jehovah ; thirteen bul- 
locks, sons of the herd, two rams, foiu-teen 
lambs, sons of a year ; perfect ones they are ; 
^■•and their present, fiour mixed with oil, 
three-tenth deals to the one bullock, for the 
thirteen bullocks, two-tenth deals to the one 
ram, for the two rams, ^' and a several tenth 
deal to the one lamb, for the foiirteen lambs, 
i^aud one kid of the goats, a sin-offeriug; 
apart from the continual burnt-offering, its 
present, and its libation. 

1^ ' And on the second day twelve bullocks, 
sons of the herd, two rams, fourteen lambs, 
sons of a year, jicrfcct ones ; ^^ and tlieir 
present, and their libations, for the bullocks, 
for the rams, and for the sheep, in tlicir 
number, according to the ordinance; i^and 
one kid of the goats, a sin-offering; apart 
from the continual burnt-offering, and its 
pi'esent, and their libations. 

"'^'Aud on the third, day eleven bullocks, 
two rams, fourteen lambs, sons of a year, 
perfect ones; -^and their Y)resent, and their 
libations, for tlie Inillocks, for the rams, 
and for the lambs, in their number, ac- 
cording to the ordinance; '-'-'and one goat, 
a sin-offering ; ai)art from the continual 
burnt-offering, and its present, and its liba- 
tion. 

^ 'And on the fourtfi day ten bullocks, 
two rams, fourteen lambs, sons of a year, 
perfect ones; -■* tlieir present, and their liba- 
tions, for the bullocks, for the rams, and for 
the lambs, in their number, according to 
the ordiiiance; -''and one kid of the goats, a 
sin-offering, apart from the continual bm-nt- 
offering, its present, and its libation. 

^^ ' And on the fifth day nine bullocks, two 
rams, fourteen lambs, sons of a year, perfect 



ones; ^^and their present, and their libations, 
for the bullocks, for the rams, and for tlie 
lambs, in their number, according to the 
ordinance; -^ and one goat, a sin-offering: 
apart from the continual burnt-offering, and 
its present, and its libation. 

■^ ' And on the sixth clay eight bullocks, 
two rams, fourteen lambs, sons of a year, 
perfect ones; ^Oand their present, and their 
libations, for the bullocks, for the rams, and 
for the lambs, in their niunber, according 
to the ordinance ; ^i and one goat, a sin-offer- 
ing ; apart from the continual burnt-offering, 
its present, and its libation. 

^- ' And on the seventh day seven bidlocks, 
two rams, fourteen lambs, sons of a year, per- 
fect ones ; ^^ and their present, and tneir hba- 
tions, for the bullocks, for the rams, and for 
the lambs, in their number, according to 
the ordinance ; ^* and one goat, a sin-offering ; 
apart from the continual bm-nt-offering, its 
present, and its libation. 

^^ ' On the eighth day a restraint ye have, 
ye do no servile work ; ^^ and ye have brought 
near a burnt-offerinrr, a fire-offering, a sweet 
fragrance, to Jehovah ; one bullock, one ram, 
seven lambs, sons of a year, perfect ones ; 
^''tlieir present, and their libations, for the 
bidlock, for the ram, and for the lambs, 
in their number, according to the ordinance ; 
^^and one goat, a sin-offering; apart from the 
continual burnt-offering, and its present, and 
its libation. 

'^'f ' These ye prepare to Jehovah in your ap. 
pointed seasons, apart from your vows, and 
your free-will offerings, for yom- biirnt-offer- 
ings, and for your presents, and for your lib- 
ations, and for your ijeace-offerings.' 

■*" And Moses saith unto the sons of Israel 
according to all that Jehovah hath com- 
manded Moses. 

XXX. lAND Moses speaketh unto the 
heads of tlie tribes of the sons of Israel, say- 
ing, ' This is the thing which Jehovah hath 
commanded : 

" ' When a man voweth a vow to Jeliovali, 
or hath sworn an oath to bind a bond on his 
soul, he doth not pollute his word ; accord, 
ing to all that is going out from his mouth 
he doth. 

•* 'And when a woman voweth a vow to 
Jehovah, and hath bound a bond in the 
house of her father in her youth, •'and her 
father hath heard her vow, and her bond 
wliicli she hath bound on her sold, and her 
father hath kept silent at her, then have all 
lier vows ])cen established, and every bond 
which she hath bound on her sold is esta- 
blished. 

^ 'And if lier father hath disallowed her 
in the day of his hearing, none of her vows 
and her bonds which she hath bound on 
her sold is established, and Jeliovah is pro- 
pitious to her, for her father hath disallowed 
Iier. 

^ ' And if she be at all to a husband, and 
her vows are on her, or a wrougful utterance 
on her lips, which she liath boimd on her 
soul, ''and lier husband hath heard, and in 
the day of his hearing— lie hath kept silent 
113 



Lavi conctrmng vows. 



XXX. 8.— NUMBERS.— XXXI. 33. 



Tlie Midianitcs slaiiu 



at her, then liave lier vows beeu established, 
aad her bonds which she hath bound on her 
soul are established. 

8 ' And if in the day of her husband's hear- 
ing he disalloweth her, then he hath broken 
her vow which is on her, and the Avrongful 
utterance of her lips which she hath bound 
on her soul, and Jehovah is propitious to her. 

8 'As to the vow of a widow or cast-out 
woman, all that she hath bound on her soul 
is established on her. 

1" ' And if in the house of her husband she 
hath vowed, or hath boimd a bond on her 
soul with an oath, ^^ and her husband hath 
heardj and hath kept silent at her — he hath 
not disallowed her — then have all her vows 
been established, and every bond which she 
hath bound on her soul is established. 

^- 'And if her husband doth certainly break 
tliem in the day of liis hearing, none of the 
out-going of her lips concerning her vows, or 
concerning the bond of her soul, is esta- 
blished — her husband hath broken them — 
and Jehovah is propitious to her. 

13 'Every vow and every oath — a bond to 
aumble a soul — her husband doth establish it, 
or her husband doth break it ; ^^ and if her 
husband certainly keei3 silent at her, from 
day unto day, then he hath established all 
her vows, or all her bonds which are upon 
her ; he hath established them, for he hath 
kept silent at her in the day of his hearing ; 
1^ and if lie doth at all break thern after his 
hearing, then he hath borne her iniquity.' 
. IS These a?'e the statutes which Jehovah 
hath commanded Moses between a man and 
his wife, between a father and his daughter, 
in her youth, in the house of her father. 

XXXI. \ ' AND Jehovah speaketh unto 
Moses, saying, - 'Execute the vengeance of 
the sons of Israel against the Midianites — af- 
terwards thou art gathered unto thy x^eople.' 

3 And INIoses speaketh unto the people, say- 
ing, ' Be ye armed some of you for the host, 
and they are against Midian, to put the ven- 
geance of Jehovah on Midian ; •' a thousand 
for a tribe— a thousand for a tribe, to all the 
tribes of Israel — ye do send to the host.' 

^ And there are given out of the thousands 
of Israel a thousand for a tribe, twelve thou- 
sand armed ones of the host ; '' and Moses 
sendeth them, a thousand for a trilje, to the 
host, them aud Phinehas son of Eleazar the 
priest, to the host ; aud the holy vessels, and 
the trum]iets of the shoutiut?. in his hand. 

'' Aud tlicy war against Midian, as Jehovah 
hath commanded Moses, and slay every 
male; '^and the kings_ of Midiau they have 
slain, besides their pierced ones, Evi, aud 
Rekcm, aud Zur, and Hiu', and Reba, live 
kings of Midian ; and Balaam sou of Boor, 
they have slaiu with the sword. 

" And the sons of Israel take cajitive the 
women of Midian, aud their infants; and all 
tlieir cattle, and all their substance, and all 
their wealth they have plundered; i" and all 
tlieir cities, M'itli their habitatious, and all 
their towers, they have burnt with lire. 

1' And they talie all the spoil, aud all the 
l>rey, among man and among beast ; ^" aud 
114 



they bring in, imto Moses, and unto Eleazar 
the priest, and unto the company of the sona 
of Israel, the captives, and tiie prey, and the 
spoil, imto the camp, imto the plains of Moab, 
which are by Jordan, near Jericho. 

13 And Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and 
all the princes of the company, go out to 
meet them, unto the outside of the camp, 
1* and Moses is wroth against the inspectors 
of the force, chiefs of the thousands, and 
chiefs of the himdreds, who are coming in from 
the host of the battle. 

I'' And Moses saith unto them, ' Have ye 
kept alive every female ? i^ lo, they — they 
have been to the sons of Israel, thi'ough the 
word of Balaam, to cause a trespass agamst 
Jehovah in the matter of Peor, and the plague 
is in the comi^any of Jehovah. 

1'' ' And now, slay ye every male among the 
infants, yea, every woman luiown of man by 
the lying of a male ye have slain; i^and all 
the infants among the women, who have not 
known the lying of a male, ye have kept alive 
for yom-selves. 

1^ ' And ye, encamp ye at the outside of the 
camp seven days — any who hath slain a per- 
son, and any who hath come against a pierced 
one, ye cleanse yourselves on the third day, 
and ou the seventh day — ye and your captives ; 
-" and every garment, and every skin vessel, 
and every work of goats' hair, and every 
wooden vessel, ye yom-selves cleanse.' 

-1 And Eleazer the priest saith unto the men 
of the host who go in to battle, 'This is the 
statute of the law which Jehovah hath com- 
manded Moses: ^"only, the gold, and the 
silver, the brass, the iron, the tin, and the 
lead, -3 every thing which may go into fire, ye 
cause to pass over through fire, aud it hath 
been clean ; only, \vith the water of separa- 
tion it is cleansed, and all that may not go in- 
to fire, ye cause to pass over through water ; 
^ and ye have washed your garments on the 
seventh day, aud have been clean, and after- 
wards ye come in unto the camp.' 

-^ And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses,_say- 
iug, -^ ' Take up the sum of the prey of the 
captives, among man and .among beast, thou, 
aud Eleazar the priest, aud the heads of the 
fathers of the company; -"and thou hast 
halved the prey between those handling the 
battle who go out to the host and all the 
company ; -'^ and thou hast raised a tribute to 
Jehovah from the men of war, who go out to 
the host, one body out of five hundred, of 
man, and of the herd, aud of the asses, aud 
of the flock; -''from their half ye do take, and 
thou hast given to Eleazar the priest — the 
heave-ofi'eriug of Jehovah. 
■■ •*!) ' And from the sous of Israel's half thou 
dost take one possession out of fifty, of man, 
of the herd, of the asses, aud of the flock, of 
all the cattle, and thou hast given them to the 
Levites keeping the charge of the tabernacle 
of .Tehovah. 

31 And Moses doth —Eleazar the priest aLso 
— as Jehovah hath couimaudcd Mf)scs. 

•'■-And the prey, the residue of the spoil 
which the people of the host have spoiled, is 
of the tlock si.x hundi r(l thousaiul, ami seventy 
thousand, and live thousaud ; •*•* aiul of the 



Proposals of the 



XXXI. 34.— mjMBERS.— XXXII. 26. 



Gadites and Reuhenitp^ 



herd two and seventy thousand ; "^^ and of 
asses one and sixty thousand ; •'^ and of human 
beings — of the women who have not known tiie 
lying of a male — all the persons are two and 
thirty thousand. 

•^''And the half — the portion of those who 
go out into the host — the number of the flock 
is three himdred thousand, and thirty thou- 
sand, and seven thousand and five hundred. 

^'' And the tribute to Jehovah of the sheep 
is six hundred five and seventy ; ^^ and the 
herd is six and thirty thousand, and their 
tribute to Jehovah is two and seventy; •^^and 
the asses are thii-ty thousand and iive hun- 
dred, and their tribute to Jehovah is one and 
sixty ; '*•' and the human beings are sixteen 
thousand, and their tribute to Jehovah is two 
and thirty persons. 

•*! And Moses giveth the tribute— Jehovah's 
heave-ofi'eriug — to Eleazar the priest, as Je- 
hovah hath commanded Moses. 

*-Aud of the sous of Israel's half, which 
Moses halved fi'om the men who war — ^'-^ and 
the company's half is, of the flock three hun- 
dred thousand, and thirty thousand, seven 
thousand and five hundred ; •" and of the 
herd six and thirty thousand ; ^'^ and of asses 
thirty tliousaud aud five hundred ; ""' and of 
human beings sixteen thousand — ^~ Moses tak- 
eth from the sons of Israel's half the one pos- 
session from the fifty, of man and of beast, 
and giveth them to the Levites keeping the 
charge of the tabernacle of Jehovah, as Je- 
hovah hath commanded Moses. 

'^ And the inspectors whom the thousands 
of the host hath, (heads of the thousands and 
heads of the hundi-eds), di-aw near imto Moses, 
■** and they say unto Moses, ' Thy servants 
have taken uii the sum of the men of war 
who are with us, and not a man of lis hath 
been missed : ''" and we bring near Jehovah's 
offering, each that which he hath found, 
vessels of gold — chain, and bracelet, seal-ring, 
ecM'-ring, and bead — to make atonement for 
om'selves before Jehovah.' 

^1 And Moses receiveth — Eleazar the priest 
also— the gold from them, every made vessel , 
^-and all the gold of the lieave-offering which 
they have lifted up to Jehovah is sixteen 
thousand seveu hundi-ed aud fifty shekels, 
from heads of the thousands, and from heads 
of the hundreds ; ^'^ (the men of the host liave 
spoiled each for himself) ; ''•' and Moses taketh 
—Eleazar the priest also — the gold from the 
heads of the thousands aud of the huudi-eds, 
and they bi-iug it in unto the tent of meeting 
— a memorial for the sous of Israel before 
Jehovah. 

XXXII. 1 AND much cattle hath been to 
the sous of Eeubcn and to the sons of Gad, 
very many ; aud they see the land of Jazer, 
and the land of Gilead, and lo, the place is 
a place /oy cattle; -and the sous of Gad, and 
tlie sous of Reuben, come in and sjieak unto 
Moses, aud unto Eleazar the priest, and unto 
the princes of the company, saying : 

^ ' Atai-oth, and Dibon, and Jazer, and Nim- 
rah, and Heshbou, and Elealeh, aud Shebam, 
and Nebo, and Beon — *the laud which Je- 
hovah hath smitten before the company of 



Israel, is a land for cattle, and thy servants 
liave cattle.' ^And they say, 'If we have 
found grace in thine eyes, let this land be 
given to thy servants for a ] lossession ; cause 
us not to pass over the Jordan.' 

8 And Moses saith to the sons of Gad and 
to the sons of Reuben, ' Do your brethren go 
in to the battle, and ye — do ye sit here ? ^ and 
why discom-age ye the heart of the sons of 
Israel from passing over imto the land which 
Jehovah hath given to them? 

8 ' Thus did your fathers in my sending 
them from Kadesh-Barnea to see the land; 
^ and they go up imto the valley of Eshcol, 
and see the land, and discom-age the heart of 
the sons of Israel so as not to go in unto the 
land which Jehovah hath given to them; 
^^ aud the anger of Jehovah burueth in that 
day, and He sweareth, sayiug, ^^ They do not 
see — the men who are coming up out of Egypt 
from a sou of twenty years and upward — the 
ground which I have sworn to Aoraham, to 
Isaac, and to Jacob, for they nave not been 
fully after Me ; ^^ save Caleb son of Jephim- 
neh the Kenezite, and Joshua son of Nim, 
for they have been fully after Jehovah ; ^'^ and 
the auger of Jehovah burueth against Israel, 
and He causeth them to wander in the wil- 
derness forty years, until the consumijtion of 
all the generation which is doing the evil 
thing in the eyes of Jehovah. 

^■^ ' And lo, ye have risen in the stead of 
your fathers, an increase of men — sinners, to 
add yet to the fury of the anger of Jehovah 
toward Israel; ^^when ye tiirn back from 
after Him, then He hath added yet to leave 
him iu the wilderness, and ye have done cor- 
ruptly to all this people.' 

i*" And they come nigh unto him, and say, 
' Folds for the flock we build for our cattle 
here, and cities for our infants; ^''aud we — 
we are armed hasting before the sons of Israel 
till that we have brought them in unto their 
place; and our infants have dwelt in the 
cities of defence because of the inhabitants of 
the land; ^^v/e do not turn back unto our 
houses till the sons of Israel have inherited 
each his inheritance, ^^ for we do not inherit 
wth them beyoud the Jordan and yonder, 
for our inheritance hath come imto us beyond 
the Jordan at the *itw-rising. ' 

-*• And Moses saith imto them, ' If ye do 
this thing: if ye are armed before Jehovah 
for battle, "^ aud every armed one of you hath 
passed over the Jordan before Jehovah, till 
his dispossessing His enemies from before 
Him, -- and tlie land hath been subdued be- 
fore Jehovah — then afterwards ye do turn 
back, and have been acquitted by Jehovah, 
and by Israel ; and this laud hath been to you 
for a possession before Jehovah. 

-* ' And if ye do not so, lo, ye have sinned 
against Jehovah, and know ye your sin, that 
it doth find you; '-■* build for yourselves cities 
for yom- infants, and folds for your flock, 
and "that which is going out from your mouth 
do ye.' 

-^ And the sons of Gad and the sons of Reu- 
ben speak unto Moses, saying, '^Thy servants 
do as my lord is commanding ; "^ our infants, 
our wives, our cattle, aud all our beasts, are 
115 



Sons of Reuben and Gad, itsc. xxxii. 27. —NUMBERS. — xxxiii. 40. 



The encampments. 



there in cities of Giload, ^ and thy ser- 
vants pass over, every armed one of the host, 
before Jehovah, to battle, as my lord is say- 

•^ And Moses commandeth concerning them 
Eleazar the priest, and Joshua son of Nun, 
and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of 
the sons of Israel ; ^ and Moses saith unto 
them, 'If the sons of Gad and the sons of 
Reuben pass over with you the Jordan, every 
one armed for battle, before Jehovah, and the 
land hath been subdued before you, then ye 
have given to them the land of Gilead for a 
possession; ^'^aud if they do not pass over 
armed with you, then they have possessions 
in your midst in the land of Canaan.' 

^1 And the sons of Gad and the sons of Reu- 
ben answer, saying, 'That which Jehovah 
liath spoken imto thy servants — so we do; 
^" we — we pass over anned iDefore Jehovah to 
the laud of Canaan, and with us is the posses- 
sion of our inheritance beyond the Jordan. ' 

3* And Moses giveth to them, to the sons of 
Gad, and to the sons of Reuben, and to the 
half of the ti'ibe of Mauasseh sou of Joseph, 
the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorite, 
and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, the 
land by its cities, iu the borders, the cities of 
the land round about. 

■^^And the sons of Gad l)uild Dihou, and 
Ataroth, and Aroer, ^^ and Atroth, Shophan, 
aud Jaazer, and Jogbehah, '^'^ and Beth-Nim- 
rah, aud Beth-Haran, cities of defence, aud 
shee])folds. 

^^ And the sons of Reuben have build Hesh- 
bon, and Elealeh, and Kirjathaim, ^*^and 
Nebo, and Baal-Meou (changed in name), aud 
Shibmah, aud they call by these names the 
names of the cities which tliey have built. 

s'-'And sons of Machir sou of Mauasseh go 
to Gilead, and capture it, and dispossess the 
Amorite, who is in it; ■*°and Moses giveth 
Gilead to Machir sou of Mauasseh, and he 
dwelleth in it. 

*i And Jair sou of Mauasseh hath gone aud 
caiitureth their towns, and calleth them 
'Towns of Jair; ' ^- aud Nobah hath gone and 
captureth Kenath, aud its villages, and call- 
etn it Nobah, by his own name. 

XXXIII. 1 THESE are journeys of the sons 
of Israel wlio have come out of the land of 
Egvpt, by tlicir hosts, by the hand of Moses 
and Aaron; -and Moses writeth their out- 
goings, ])y their journeys, by the command of 
Jehovah ; and these are their joiu-neys, by 
their out-goiugs : 

' And they journey from Raracses iu the 
first month, on the riftucuth day of the first 
month, on the morrow of the passover have 
the sous of Israel gone out witli a high haud, 
before the eyes of all tlic Egyi)tians— * ami 
the Egyptians are burying tliose whom Jeho- 
vah hath smitteu among tliem, every first- 
born, and on tlicir gods hath .lehovah done 
judgments—'^ and the sons of Israel journey 
from Ramcscs, and cucamp in Succoth. 

"And they journey from Succoth, and cu- 
camp iu Etham, wliich is in the extremity 
of the ^vilderncss ; ^ aud they journey from 
Etham, and turn back on Pi-Hakiroth, which 
116 



is on the front of Baal-Zephon, and they en- 
camp before Migdol. 

8 And they journey from Pi-Hahiroth, and 
pass over through tne midst of the sea, into 
the -wilderness, and go a journey of three days 
in the Avilderness of Etham, and encamp in 
Marah. 

^ And they joiirney from Marah, and come 
in to Elim, and in Elim a?-e twelve fountains 
of waters, and seventy palm trees, aud they 
encamp there ; i" aud they jom-ney from Elim, 
and encamp by the Red Sea. 

^^ And they journey from the Red Sea, and 
encamp in the wilderness of Sin: _^- and they 
journey from the wilderness of Sin, and en- 
camp in Dophkah. 

1^ And they jom-ney from Dophkah, and 
encamp in Alush; ^'aud they journey from 
Alush, and encamp iu Rephidim ; and there 
was there no water for the j)eople to drink. 

^^ And they journey from Rephidim, and 
encamp in the wilderness of Sinai ; ^^and 
they journey from the wilderness of Sinai, 
aud eucamp in Isabroth-Hattaavah. 

1^ Aud they journey from Kibroth-Hatta- 
avah, and encamp iu Hazeroth; ^^ aud they 
journey from Hazeroth, aud encamp in Rith- 
mah. 

1" Aud they journey from Rithmah, aud 
encamp in Rimmon-Parez ; -"and they jour- 
ney from Rimmou-Parez, and encamp in 
Libnah. 

-^ Aud they journey from Libnah, and en- 
camp in Rissali ; -" and they journey from 
Rissah, aud encamp iu Kehelathah. 

-^ And they journey from Kehelathah, and 
encamp in mount Shapher; "-^and they jour- 
ney from mount Shapher, and encamp in 
Haradah. 

-^ And tliey journey from Haradah, aud en- 
camp in Makheloth ; -" and they jom-ney from 
Maheloth, and encamp iu Tahath. 

-'' Aud they journey from Tahath, and en- 
camp iu Tarali ; -^ aud they journey from 
Taran, and encamp iu Mithcah. 

-^ And they journey from Mithcah, and eu- 
camp in Hashmouah ; ^Oand they journey from 
Hashmonah, and encamp in Moseroth. 

"'I And they journey from Moseroth, and 
encamp in Bene-Jaakau; 32 and they journey 
from Bene-Jaakan, and encamp at Hor- 
Hagidgad. 

^-^ Aud they journey from Hor-Hagidgad, 
and eucamp in Jotbathah; -'^ aud they jour- 
ney from Jotl)ath;ih, and eucamp iu Ebrouah. 

33 And tlicy journey from Elironah, and en- 
camp iu Eziin\-Gal)er ; ^i: aud they journey 
from Ezi(ui-Gabcr, and encamp in the -wilder- 
ness of Ziu, which is Kadesh. 

37 And tlicy journey from Kadesh, and eu- 
camp in nioiiut Hor, in the extremity of the 
land of Kdom. 

38 And Aaron the lu-icst goeth u]i unto 
moiuit Hor. by the command of Jehovah, 
and dietli there, in the fortieth year of the 
going out of tlie sons of Israel from the laud 
of Egyjit, in the fifth mouth, on the fir.st of 
tlu^ ui()nth ; 33 and Aaron is a son of a hundred 
and twenty aud three years in his dying in 
mount Hor. 

■"o Ajid the Canaanite— king Arad— who is 



The Canaanites dispossessed. xxxiiT. 41.— NUMBERS. — xxxv. 5. Boundaries of Canaan. 



dwelling in tlie soiitli, in the land of C.ancaau, 
heareth of the coming of the sons of Israel. 

■'^ And tliey journey from mount Hor, and 
encamp in Zalmonah ; ''- and they joiu-ney 
from Zalmonah, and encamp in Pimon. 

■*^ And theyjom-ney from Punon, and en- 
camp in Oboth ; ■*■* and they journey from 
Oboth, and encamp in Ije-Abarim, in the bor- 
der of Moab. 

■•^And they journey from Tim, and encamp 
in Dibon-Gacl ; '"' and they journey from Di- 
bon-Gad, and encamp in Almon-Diblathaim. 

'*''Aud they journey from Almon-Diblath- 
aixn, and encamj) in the mountains of Aba- 
rim, before Nebo; "^^and they journey from 
the mountains of Abarim, and encamp in the 
plains of Moab, by Jordan, near Jericho. 

^3 And they encamp by the Jordan from 
Beth-Jeshimoth, unto Abel-Shittim, in the 
plains of Moab. 

''''And Jehovah sj^eakctli imto Moses, in 
the plains of Moab, by Jordan, near Jericho, 
saying, ^^ ' Speak unto the sons of Israel, and 
thou hast said unto them. When j^e are pass- 
ing over the Jordan imto the land of Canaan, 
"-then ye have dispossessed all the inhabit- 
ants of the land from before you, and have 
destroyed all their imagery, yea, all their 
molten images ye destroy, and all their high 
places ye lay waste, ^'f and ye have possessed 
the laud, and dwelt in it, for to you I have 
given the land — to possess it. 

'■'^ ' And ye have inherited the land by lot, 
by your families ; to the many ye increase 
their inheritance, and to the few ye diminish 
their inheritance ; whither the lot goeth out 
to him, it is his ; by the tribes of your fathers 
ye inhex'it. 

^^ ' And if ye do not dispossess the inhabit- 
ants of the land from before you, then it hath 
been, those wliom ye let remain of them, are 
for pricks in yom- eyes, and for thorns in your 
sides, and they have distressed you on the 
land in which ye are dwelling, ^^ and it hath 
come to pass, as I thought to do to them — I 
do to you.' 

XXXIV. lAND Jehovah speaketh imto 
Moses, saying, ^ ' Command the sons of Israel, 
and thou hast said imto them. When ye are 
coming in unto the laud of Canaan — this is 
the land which falleth to j^ou by inheritance, 
the land of Canaan, by its borders — ^then 
hath the south quarter been to you from the 
wilderness of Zin, by the sides oi Edom, yea, 
the south border hath been to you from the 
extremity of the Salt Sea, eastward ; '' and 
the border hath turned round to you from 
the south to the ascent of Al^rablsim, and 
hath passed on to Zin, and its outgoings 
have been from the south to Kadesh-Barnea, 
and it hath gone out at Hazar-Addar, and 
hath passed on to Azmon; ^and the border 
hath tiirned roimd from Azmon to the brook 
of Egypt, and its outgoings have been at 
the sea. 

" 'As to the west border, even the gi'eat 
sea hath been to you a border; this is to you 
the west border. 

"^ 'And this is to you the north border: 
from the great sea ye mark out for yourselves 



mount Hor; ^from moimt Hor yc mark out 
to go in to Hamath, and the outgoings of 
the border have been to Zedad ; -'and the 
border hath gone out to Ziphron, and its out- 
goings have been at Hazar-Enan ; this is to 
you the north border. 

1° ' And ye have marked out for yourselves 
for the border eastward, from Hazar-Enan to 
Shepham ; ^^ and the border hath gone down 
fi'om Shepham to Riblah, on the east of Ain, 
and the border hath gone down, and hath 
smitten against the shoulder of the sea of 
Chinnereth eastward ; ^" and the border hatli 
gone down to the -Jordan, and its outgoings 
have been at the Salt Sea ; this is for you the 
land by its borders round about.' 

^'^ And Moses commandeth the sons of Is- 
rael, saying, 'This is the land which ye in- 
herit by lot, which Jehovah hath commanded 
to give to the nine tribes and the half of the 
tribe ; !•* for the tribe of the sons of Reuben 
have received, by the house of their fathers ; 
and the tribe of the children of Gad, by the 
house of their fathers ; and the half of the 
tribe of Manasseh have received their inheri- 
tance; I'' the two tribes and the half of the 
tribe nave received their inheritance beyond 
the Jordan, near Jericho, eastward, at the 
swji-rising.' 

^^ And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, say- 
ing, 1'' ' These are the names of the men who 
give to you the inheritance of the land: 
Eleazar the priest, and Joshua son of Nun, 
^^ and one prince — one prince — for a tribe ye 
do take to give the land by inheritance. 

^'■^ ' And these are the names of the men i 
of the tribe of Judah, Caleb sou of Jephun- 
neli ; -" and of the tribe of the sons of Simeon, 
Shemuel son of Aminihud ; ^' of the tribe of 
Benjamin, Elidad son of Chislon ; ^-aud of 
the tribe of the sons of DaUj the prince Bukki 
son of Jogli ; -^ of the sons of Joseph, of the 
tribe of the sons of Manasseh, the prince 
Hanniel son of Ephod; "^and of the tribe of 
the sons of Ephraim, the prince Kemuel son 
of Shiphtan ; -^ and of the tribe of the sons of 
Zebidun, the prince Elizaphan son of Par- 
nach ; -^ and of the tribe of the sons of Issa- 
char, the prince Paltiel son of Azzan ; ^ and 
of the tribe of the sons of Asher, the prince 
Ahihud son of Shelomi ; -^ and of the tribe of 
the sons of NaphtaU, the prince Pedahel son 
of Ammihui' 

^'' These are those whom Jehovah hath com- 
manded to give the sons of Israel inheritance 
in the land of Canaan. 

XXXV. lAND Jehovah speaketh unto 
Moses, in the plains of Moab, by Jordan, 
near Jericho, saying, '^ ' Command the sons of 
Israel, and they have given to the Levites of 
the inheritance of their possession cities to 
inhabit ; also a suburb for the cities round 
about them ye do give to the Levites. -^And 
the cities have been to them to inhabit, and 
their suburbs are for their cattle, and for 
their goods, and for all their beasts. 

^ ' And the suburbs of the cities which ye 

give to the Levites are, from the wall of the 

city and without, a thousand cubits round 

about. ■'^And ye have measured from the 

117 



Citie.i of thi- Levites. 



XXXV. 6.— NUMBERS.— XXXVI. 7. 



Gitiea of refuge. 



outside of the city, the east quarter, two 
tboiisaud by the cubit, aud the south quarter, 
two thousand by the cubit, and the west 
quarter, two thousaud by the cubit, and tlie 
north quarter, two thousand by the cubit; 
and the city is in the midst ; this is to them 
the suburbs of the cities. 

'^ ' And the cities which ye give to the Le- 
vites are the six cities of refuge, which ye 
give for the fleeing thither of the man-slayer, 
and besides them ye give forty and two cities ; 
^all the cities which ye give to the Levites 
are forty and eight cities, them and their 
suburbs. ^ And the cities which ye give are 
of the possession of the sons of Israel, from 
the many ye multiply, and from the few ye 
diminish; each, according to his inheritance 
which they inherit, doth give of his cities to 
the Levites.' 

" And Jehovah speaketh Tinto Moses, say- 
ing, ^^ ' Speak unto the sons of Israel, and 
thou hast said unto them, When ye are pass- 
ing over the Jordan to the laud of Canaan, 
"and have jjrepared to yourselves cities — 
cities of refuge they are to you — then lied 
thither hath a man-slayer, smiting a person 
unawares, i" and the cities have been to you 
for a refuge from the redeemer, and the man- 
slayer doth not die till his standing before 
the company for judgment. 

1^ ' As to the cities which ye give — six are 
cities of refuge to you; ^^the three of the 
cities ye give beyond the Jordan, and the 
three of the cities ye give in the land of 
Canaan; cities of refuge they are. ^■''To sons 
of Israel, and to a sojoui-ner, and to a settler 
in their midst, are these six cities for a refuge, 
for the fleeing thither of any one smiting a 
person unawares. 

^^ ' And if with an instrument of iron he 
hath smitten hini, and he dieth, he is a mm-- 
derer : the murderer is certainly put to 
death. 

^'' ' And if with a stone in the hand, where- 
with he dieth, he hath smitten him, and he 
dieth, he is a murderer: the murderer is cer- 
tainly put to death. 

18 ' Qj. -vvith a wooden instrument in the 
hand, wherewith he dieth, he hath smitten 
him, and he dieth, he is a murderer: the 
murderer is certainly jjut to death. 

1" ' The redeemer of blood himself doth put 
tlie murderer to deatli ; in his coming agamst 
him he doth put him to death. 

'■^'^ ' And if in hatred he thrust him through, 
or hath cast anything at him by lying in 
wait, and he dieth; -'or in enmity he hath 
smitten liim with his hand, and he dieth ; 
the smiter is certainly put to death ; he w a 
murderer; the redeemer of blood doth put 
tlie murderer to death in his coming against 
him. 

^■•''And if, in an instant, without enmity, 
he hath thrust him through, or hath cast at 
him any instrument, without lying in wait; 
-^ or with any stone wherewith he dietli, with- 
out seeing, and causeth it to fall upon him, 
and he dieth, and he is not his enemy, nor 
seeking his evil; '-^then have the comi)any 
judged between the smiter and the redeemer 
of blood, by these judgments. 
118 



-^'And the comiiany liave delivered the 
man-slayer out of the hand of tlie redeemer 
of blood, and the company have caused him 
to turn back unto tiie city of his refuge, 
whither he hath fled, and he hath dwelt'in 
it till the death of the chief priest, who hath 
been anointed with the holy oil. 

-^ ' And if the man-slayer at all go out from 
the border of the city of his refiige whither 
he fleeth, -'' and the redeemer of Blood hath 
found him a,t the outside of the border of 
the city of his refuge, and the redeemer of 
blood hath slain the man-slayer, blood is not 
for him; "^ior in the city of his refuge he 
doth dwell till the death of the chief priest ; 
and after the death of the chief priest doth 
the man-slayer tiirn back unto the city of his 
possession. 

** ' And these things have been to you for a 
statute of judgment to your generations, in 
all your dwellings: ^^ whoso smiteth a i)er- 
son, by the mouth of witnesses doth one slay 
the imu'derer; and one witness doth not tes- 
tify against a persou — to die. 

•*' ' And ye take no atonement for the life of 
a murderer who is condemned — to die, for he 
is certainly put to death; •^-and ye take no 
atonement for him to Hee imto the city of his 
refuge, to turn back to dwell in the laud, 
until the death of the priest. 

^'^ ' And ye profane not the land which ye 
are in, for blood profaueth the land; as to 
the land, it is not pardoned tor blood which 
is shed in it except by the blood of him who 
sheddeth it; •^■'and ye defile not the laud in 
which ye are dwelling, in the midst of which 
I do tabernacle, for I Jehovah do tabernacle 
in the midst of the sons of Israel.' 

XXXVl. lAND the heads of the fathers 
of the families of the sons of Gilead, son of 
Machir, son of Manasseh, of the families of 
the sons of Joseph, come near, and speak be- 
fore Moses, and before the princes, heads of 
the fathers of the sons of Israel, -and say, 
Jehovah commanded my lord to give the laud 
for inheritance by lot to the sons of Israel, 
and my lord hath been commanded l)y Je- 
hovah to give the inheritance of Zeloi)hehad 
our brother to his daughters. 

•*'And — they have been to one of the 
sons of the otlier tribes of the sons of Israel 
for wives, and their inheritance hath been 
withdraAvu from the inheritance of our fa- 
thers, and hath been added to the inheritance 
of the tribe whicli is theirs, and from the lot 
of our inheritance it is withdrawn, ■'and if it 
is the jubilee of the sons of Israel, tlien liath 
their inheritance been added to the inherit- 
ance of the tribe which is theirs, and from 
the inheritance of the tribe of our fathers is 
their inheritance withdrawn.' 

* And Moses commandeth the sons of Israel, 
by the command of .Jehovah, saying, ' Rightly 
are the tribe of tlu! sons of Josepli speaking; 
*^this in the thing which Jehovah hath com- 
manded concerning the daughters of Zelophe- 
had, saying. To tliose good in their eyes hit 
them be for wives; only, to a family of the 
tribe of their fathers let them lie for wives ; 
' and the inheritance of the sons of Israel doth 



Rcffulati-on-t respecting 



I. 1.— DEUTERONOMY.— I. 31. the daughter of Zelophehan. 



not turu round from tri'oe unto tribe; for each 
to tlie iuheritauce of the tribe of his fathers, 
do the sons of Israel cleave. 

8 ' And every daiighter possessiuij; an inheri- 
tance, of the tribes of the sons of Israel, is to 
one of the family of the tril^e of her father for 
a Avife, so that the sons of Israel possess each 
the inheritance of his fathers, ''and the inheri- 
tance doth not tiirn round from one tribe to 
another ti'ibe : for each to his inhei itance do 
they cleave, the tribes of the sons of Israel.' 

^'' As Jehovah hatlx commanded Moses, so 



have the daugliters of Zelophehad done, " and 
Mahlah, Tirzah, andHo^lah, and Milcah, and 
Noah, daughters of Zelophehad, are to the 
sons of their fathers' brethren for wives ; ^^ to 
men of the families of the sons of Manasseh, 
son of Joseph, they have been for wives, and 
their inheritance is with the tribe of the 
family of their father. 

1^ These are the commands and the judg- 
ments which Jehovah hath commanded, by the 
hand of Moses, concerning the sons of Israel, in 
the plains of Moab, by Jordan, 7iear Jericho. 



DEUTERONOMY. 



CHAP. i. 1 THESE are the words which 
Moses hath spoken \mto all Israel, beyond the 
Jordan, in the ^vilderness, in the plain over- 
against Suph, between Paran andTophel, and 
Laban, and Hazeroth, and Di-Zahab ; ^ eleven 
days' from Horeb, the way of mount Seir, un- 
to Kadesh-Barnea. 

* And it Cometh to pass in the foiiiieth year, 
in the eleventh month, on the first of the 
month hath Moses spoken \mto the sous of 
Israel according to all that Jehovah hath com- 
manded him concerning them ; "* after his 
smiting Sihon king of the Amorite who is 
dwelling in Heshbon, and Og kin^of Bashan 
who is dwelling in Ashtaroth in Edrei, ''be- 
yond the Jordan, in the land of Moab, hath 
Moses begun to explain this law, saying : 

^ ' Jehovah our God hath spoken unto us in 
Horeb, saying. Enough to you — of dwelling 
in this mount; ''turn ye and joiu'ney for you, 
and enter the moiint of the Amorite, and un- 
to all its neighbouring places, in the plain, in 
the hill-country, and in the low coimtry, and 
in the south, and in the haven of the sea, the 
land of the Canaanite, and of Lebanon, unto 
the great river, the river Phrat ; ^ see, I have 
set before yoii the land ; go in and possess the 
land whicn Jehovah hath sworn to your 
fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, 
to give to them, and to their seed after them. 

" ' And I speak imto you at that time, say- 
ing, I am not able by myseK to bear you ; 
^^ Jehovah yoiir God hath multiplied yoii, and 
lo, ye are to-day as the stars of the heavens 
for multitude ; ^i Jehovah, God of yom- fathers, 
is adding to you, as ye are, a thousand 
times, and doth bless you as He hath spoken 
to yoii. 

^■•^ ' How do 1 bear by myself yoiu* pressure, 
and your burden, and yom* strife? ^^ Give for 
yourselves men, wise and intelligent, and 
known to your tribes, and I set them for your 
heads ; ^■^ and ye answer me and say. Good 
is the thin^ which thou hast spoken — to do. 

13 ' And I take the heads of your tribes, 
men, wise and known, and I appoint them 
heads over you, pi'inces of thousandSj and 
princes of hundreds, and princes of hfties, 
and princes of tens, and authorities, for your 
tribes. 

^^ ' And I command yoiir judges atthat time, 
saying. Hearkening between y-cur brethren- 



then ye have judged righteousness between a 
man, and his brother, and his sojourner ; ^^ ye 
do not discern faces in judgment ; as the little 
so the gi'cat ye do hear ; ye are not afraid of 
the face of any, for the judgment is God's, 
and the thing which is too hard for you, ye 
bring near unto me, and I have heard it; 
1^ and I command you, at that time, all the 
things which ye do. 

i^'And we journey from Horeb, and go 
through all that gi'eat and fearful wilderness 
which ye have seen — the way of the hill- 
country of the Amorite, as Jehovah our God 
hath commanded us, and we come in unto 
Kadesh-Barnea. 

-" ' And I say imto you, Ye have come in 
unto the hill-country of the Amorite, which 
Jehovah our God is givin," to us ; -^ see, Je- 
hovah thy God hath set before thee the land ; 
go up, possess, as Jehovah, God of thy fa- 
thers, hath spoken to thee ; fear not, nor be 
affrighted. 

-'- ' And ye come near unto me, all of you, 
and say, Let us send men before us, and they 
search for lis the land, and they bring us back 
word concerning the way in which we go uji 
into it, and the cities unto which we come in ; 
-^and the thing is good in mine eyes, and I 
take of you twelve men, one man for a tribe. 

'■^ ' And they tiirn and go up to the hill- 
country, and come in unto the valley of Esh- 
col, and spy it, -^and tliey take with their 
hand of the fruit of the land, and bring down 
imto us, and bring lis back word, and say, 
Good is the land which Jehovah om* God is 
giving to us. 

^^ ' And ye have not been wiUiug to go up, 
and ye provoke the mouth of Jehovah your 
God, 2'' and mm-mur in yoxir tents, and say, 
In Jehovah's hating us He hath brought lis 
out of the laud of Egyjjt, to give us into the 
hand of the Amorite — to destroy us ; "^ whither 
are we going up? our brethren have melted 
our heart, saying, A people greater and tallei- 
than we, cities great and fenced to heaven, and 
also sons of Anakim — we have seen there. 

-^ ' And I say imto you, Be not tei'idfied, nor 
be afraid of them ; ^" jeliovah your God, who 
is going before you— He doth tight for you, 
according to all that He hath done with you 
in Egyiit Ijefore your eyes, ^^ and in the 
wilderness, where thou hast seen that Je- 
119 



b'ced of Esau <{; Lot spared, i. 32.— DEUTERONOMY.— it. 25. lUstory of the MoahUes, <tr. 



ho vail thy God hath liorne tlicc as a man bcar- 
eth his sou, in all the way which ye have gone, 
till your couiing in uuto this i)lace. 

3- 'Aud in tliis thing ye are not stedfast in 
Jehovah your God, •*•* who is going before you 
iu the way to search out to you a place for 
your encamping, in tire by night, to shew you 
in the way in which ye go, and in a cloucl l)y 
day. 

S'* ' And Jehovah heareth the voice of your 
words, aud is wroth, and sweareth, saying, 
*^ Not one of these men of this evil generation 
doth see the good land which I have sworn to 

five to your fathers, ■^'' save Caleb son _ of 
ephunneh— he doth see it, and to him I give 
the land on which he hath trodden, and to his 
sons, because that he hath boon fully after 
Jehovah. 

•'^ 'Also with me hath Jehovah been angry 
for your salve, saying, Also, thou dost not go 
in thither ; -'^ Joshua son of Nun, who is .stand- 
ing before thee, he goeth in thither; him 
strengthen thou ; for he doth cause Israel to 
inherit. 

3" 'And yoiu- infants, of whom ye have said, 
Eor a prey they are, aud your sons who have 
not known to-day good and evil, they go in 
thither, and to them I give it, and they 
possess it ; ■*" and ye, turn for yourselves, and 
journey toward the wilderness, the way of 
the Red Sea. 

■*! ' And ye answer and say imto me, We 
have sinned against Jehovah : we — we go up, 
and we have fought, according to all that 
which Jehovah our God hath commanded us ; 
and ye gird on each his weapons of war, and 
ye are ready to go up into the hill-country; 
■*■'' and Jehovah saith uuto me, Say to them, 
Ye do not go up, nor fight, for I am not in 
your midst, and ye are not smitten before 
your enemies. 

■•'■* 'And I speak unto you, and ye have not 
hearkened, and provoke tlie mouth of Je- 
hovah, and act proudly, and go up into the 
hill-country ; ■*■* and the Amorite who is dwell- 
ing iu that hill-countiy cometh out to meet 
you, aud they pursue you as the bees do, and 
smite you in Seir — unto Hormah. 

'^^ ' And yo turn l)ack and v/eep before Je- 
hovah, and Jehovah hath not hearkened to 
your voice, nor hath he given ear unto you ; 
*^ and ye dwell in Kadesh many days, accord- 
ing to the days which ye had dwelt. 

II. 1 'AND we turn, and journey into tlie 
wilderness, the way of the Red Sea, as Je- 
hovah hath spoken unto me, aud we go round 
the mount of Seir many days. 

- ' And Jehovah siieaketh unto me, saying, 
' Enough to you — is the going round of this 
mount; turn for yourselves nortli ward. 

*'And the people command thou, saying. 
Ye are passiug over into the border of your 
brethren, sons of Esau, who are dwelling in 
Seir, and they are afraid of you ; and ye 
have been very watchful, •'' ye do not strive 
with them, for I do not give to you of their 
land even the treading of the sole of a foot ; 
for a possession to Esau I have given mount 
Seir. 

• 'Food ye buy from them with money, and 
120 



have eaten ; and also water ye buy from thcra 
with money, aiul have drunk, "for Jehovah 
thy God hath blessed thee in all the work of 
thy hands; He hath known thy walking in 
this great wilderness these forty years; Je- 
hovali thy God is with thee ; thou hast not 
lacked anything. 

^ ' And we pass by from our brethren, sons 
of Esau, who are dwelling in Seir, by the way 
of the plain, by Elath, and by Ezion-Gaber; 
and we turn, and pass over the way of the 
wilder]iess of Moab ; ■' and Jehovah saith unto 
me. Do not distress Moab, nor stir thyself u]) 
against them in battle, for I do not give to 
thee of their laud for a X'ossession ; for to 
the sons of Lot 1 have given Ar for a pos- 
session.' 

^^ ' The Emim formerly have dwelt in it, 
a people gi'cat, and numerous, and tall, as the 
Analum; '^ Repliaini they are reckoned, they 
also, as the Anakim; and the Moabites call 
them Emim. ^" And in Seir have the Horim 
dwelt formerly ; aud the sons of Esau dispos- 
sess them, and destroy them from before 
them, and dwell in their stead, as Israel liath 
done to the land of his possession, which Je- 
hovah hath given to them ; ^^ now, rise ye, 
and pass over for yourselves the brook Zered; 
and we pass over the brook Zered. 

i"* 'And the days which we have walked from 
Kadesh-Barnea until that we have passed 
over the brook Zered, are thirty aud eight 
years, till the consumption of all the geuera- 
tion of the men of battle from the midst of 
the camp, as Jehovah hath sworn to them; 
^^ and also the hand of Jehovah hath been 
against them, to destroy them fi-om the midst 
ot the camp, till they are consumed. 

1" 'And it cometh to pass, when aU the 
men of battle have finished dyin^ from the 
midst of the people, ^' that Jehovah sjieaketh 
uuto me, saying, '^ Thou art jiassing over to- 
day the border of Moab, even Ar, ^'' and thou 
hast come near over-against the sons of Am- 
mon, thou dost not distress them, nor stir up 
thyself against them, for I do not give any of 
the land of the sons of Amnion to thee for a 
possession ; for to the sons of l^ot I have given 
it for a possession. 

"" 'A land of Eepliaim it is reckoned, even 
it ; R,ephaim dwelt in it formerly, and the 
Ammonites call them Zamzummim; -' a peo- 
ple great, aud numerous, and tall, as the An- 
alcim, and Jehovah destroyeth them before 
them, and they dispossess tliem and dwell in 
their stead, -'- as He hath done tor the sons of 
Esau, who are dwelling iu Seir, when He de- 
stroyed the Horim from before tliem, and 
they dispossess them, and dwell in their 
stead, unto this day. 

-•' 'As to the Aviin who are dwelling in Ha- 
zerim uuto Azzah, the Caphtorim — who aj-o 
coming out from Caphtor — liave destroyed 
them, and dwell in tlieir stead. 

■•^ ' Rise ye, journey and pass over the bw^ok 
Arnon ; see, 1 have given into thy hand Sihou 
king of Heshbon, the Amorite, and liis laud; 
l^e.gin to X'ossess, and stir up thyself against 
him in battle. ^^' This day 1 ])egiii to ])ut thy 
dread and thy fear on the face of the peoplea 
under the whole heavens, who hear thy fame, 



SiJion and Off Ruhdited. 



n. 26.— DEUTERONOMY.— TTT. 27. 



A llotmait of their land. 



and have trembled and been jiaiucd liccausc 
of thee. 

"^ ' And I send messengers from the wilder- 
ness of Kedemotli, nnto Silion kiup; of Hesh- 
bon, — words of peace — saying, -' Let me 
pass over throiigh thy land; in the several 
ways I go; I turn not aside — right or left — 
-8 food for money thou dost sell me, and I 
have eaten ; and water for money thou dost 
give to me, and I have drunk; only, let me 
pass over on my feet, — ™' as the sons of Esau 
who are dwelling in Scir, and the Moabites 
who are dwelling iu Ar, have done to me — till 
that I pass over the Jordan, unto the land 
which Jehovah our God is giving to us. 

•** ' And Sihon king of Hesh1)on hath not 
been willing to let us pass over by liim, for 
Jehovali thy God hath hardened his sjarit, 
and .strengthened his heart, so as to give him 
into thy hand as at this day. 

■^' ' And Jehovah saith imto me. See, I have 
begun to give before thee Sihon and his land; 
begin to possess — to possess his land. 

^^ ' And Sihon cometh out to meet us, he and 
aU his people, to battle to Jahaz ; ^3. and Je- 
hovah our God giveth him before us, and we 
smite liim, and his sons, and all his people; 
^ and we capture all his cities at that time, 
and devote the whole city, men, and the wo- 
men, and the infants — we have not left a rem- 
nant ; ^^ only, the cattle we have spoiled for 
ourselves, and the spoil of the cities which we 
have captured. 

3" 'From Aroer, whicli is by the edge of 
the brook Arnon, and the city which is by the 
brook, even unto Gilead tliere hath not been 
a city whicli is too high for us; the whole 
hath Jehovali our God given before us. 

3'' ' Only, unto the laud of the sons of Am- 
nion thou hast not drawn near, any part 
of the brook Jabbok, and cities of the hill- 
country, and anything whicli Jehovali our 
God hath not commanded. 

III. ^ ' AND we turn, and go up the way 
to Baslian, and Og king of Bashan cometh 
out to meet us, he and all Ids people, to battle, 
to Edrei. 

- 'And Jehovah saith unto me, Fear him 
not, for into thy hand I have given him, and 
all his people, and his land, and thou hast 
done to him as thou hast done to Sihou king 
of the Amorite who is dwelling in Heshbou. 

^ ' And Jehovah our God giveth into our 
liands also Og king of Bashan, and all his 
people, and we smite him till there hath not 
Itecu left to him a remnant ; "* and we caj:)- 
ture all his cities at that time, there hath not 
been a city which we have not taken from 
them, sixty cities, all the region of Argob, 
the kingdom of Og in Bashan. ^ All these 
are cities fenced with high walls, two-leaved 
doors and bar, a]iart from cities of ■\dllages 
very many ; ^ and we devote them, as _we 
have done to Sihon king of Heshbon, devoting 
every city, men, the women, and the infants ; 
'■ and all the cattle, and the spoil of the cities, 
we have spoiled for ourselves. 

8 ' And we take, at that time, the land out of 
the hand of the two kings of the Amorite, whicli 
i.s beyond the Jordan, from the brook Araoii 



unto mount Hcrmon ; '^ (Sidonians call Her- 
mon, Sirion ; and the Amorites call it Scuir,) 
^^ all the cities of tlu: plain, and all Giload, 
and all Bashan, unto Salcliah and Edrei, 
cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, >' for 
only Og king of Bashan had been left of the 
remnant of theEephaim; lo, his bedstead m 
a bedstead of iron ; is it not in Rabbatli of 
the sons of Ammon? nine cubits its length, 
and four cubits its breadth, by the cubit of 
a man. 

^-'And this land we have possessed, at 
that time; from Aroer, which is by the brook 
Arnon, and the half of mount Gilead, and its 
cities, I have given to the Beubenite, and to 
the Gadite ; ^^ and the rest of Gilead and all 
Bashan, the kingdom of Og, I have given to 
the half tribe of Manassch; all the region of 
Argob, to all that Bashan, called the land of 
Eephaim. 

*"* ' Jair son of Manasseh hath taken all 
the region of Argol), unto the border of 
Geshuri, and Maachathi, and calleth them 
by his own name, Basliau-Havoth-.Jair, unto 
this day. i-'And to Machir I have given 
Gilead. 

1^ ' And to the Ileubenite and to the 
Gadite I have given from Gilead even unto 
the brook Arnon, the middle of the valley 
and the border, even unto Jabbok the ])rook, 
the border of tlie sons of Ammon, ^~ and tlie 
plain, and the Jordan, and the border, from 
Cliinnereth even unto the sea of the plain, 
the salt sea, imder the springs of Pisgah, at 
the c<^^«?-rising. 

^8 ' And I command you, at that time, 
saying, .Jehovah your God hath given to you 
this land to possess it; armed ye pass over 
before yom- brethren the sons of Lsrael, all the 
sons of might. " Only, your vidves, and your 
infants, and your cattle — I have known that 
ye have much cattle — do dwell in your cities 
whicli I have given to you, -" till that Je- 
hovah give rest to your brethren like your- 
selves, and they also have jDOSsessed the land 
which Jehovali your God is giving to them 
beyond the .Jord;iii, then ye have turned back 
each to his possession, which I have given to 
you. 

-1 ' And Jehoshua I have commanded at 
that time, saying, Thine eyes are seeing all 
that which Jehovah your God hath done to 
these two Idngs— so cloth Jehovali to all the 
kingdoms whither thou are passing over; 
-2 fear them not, for Jehovah your God, He la 
fighting for you. 

-•' ' And 1 entreat for grace unto Jehovah, 
at that time, saying, ^ Lord Jehovah, Tliou 
—Thou hast begun to shew Thy servant Thy 
greatness, and Thy strong hand; for who 
is a God in the heavens or in earth who doth 
according to Thy works, and according to 
Thy might? ^''Let me pass over, I pray 
Tliee, and see the good land which is be- 
yond the Jordan, this good hill-country, and 
Lebanon. 

2" ' And Jehovah sheweth himself wroth 
with me, for your sake, and hath not hear- 
kened unto me, and .Teliovah saith unto me, 
Enough for thee; add not to speak unto Me 
any moie about this thing: -''go up to tlie top 
121 



ATours, with argument)!, iiT. 28.— DEUTERONOMY. — tv. 3.3. again exhorts to ohedienee. 



of risgah, and lift 111 1 thine eyea westward, 
and northward, and soiithward, and east- 
wai-d, and see witli thine eyes— for thou dost 
not i)ass over this .Jordan ; '•'^'and charge Jeho- 
shua, and strengthen him, and harden him, 
for he doth jiass over before this people, and 
he doth cause them to inherit the land which 
thou seest. 

'^^ ' And we dwell in a valley over-against 
Beth-Peor. 

IV. 1 ' AND now, Israel, hearken unto the 
statutes, and unto the judgments which I am 
teaching you to do, so that ye live, and have 
gone in, and possessed the land which Je- 
hovah God of your fathers is giving to you. 
^ Ye do not add to tlie word which I am com- 
manding you, nor diminish from it, to keep 
the commands of Jehovah your God which 
1 am commanding you. 

^ 'Your eyes are seeing that which Jehovah 
hath done in Baal-Peor, for every man who 
hath gone after Baal-Peor, Jehovah thy God 
hath destroyed him from thy midst; ■* and ye 
who are cleaving to Jehovah your God, are 
alive, all of you, to-day. 

^ 'See, I have taught you statutes and judg- 
ments, as Jehovah my God hath commanded 
me — to do so, in the midst of the land whither 
ye are going in to possess it ; ^ and ye have 
kei)t and done tJiein (for it Is your wisdom 
and your understanding) before the eyes of 
the peoples who hear all these statutes, and 
they have said. Only, a people vsdse and under- 
standing is tliis great nation. 

^ ' For which is the great nation that hath 
God near unto it, as .Tehovah our God, in all 
we have called imto him? ^ and which is the 
great nation which hath righteous statutes and 
judgments according to all tliis law which 
I am setting before you to-day? 

" ' Only, take heed to thyself, and watch thy 
soul exceedingly, lest thou forget the things 
which thine eyes have seen, and lest they tiirn 
aside from tliy heart, all days of thy life ; and 
thou hast made them known to thy sons, and 
to thy sons' sons. 

"* 'The day when thou hast stood before Je- 
hovah thy God in Horeb — in Jehovah's say- 
ing imto me. Assemble to Me the people, and 
I cause them to hear My words, so that tliey 
learn to fear Me all the days that they are 
alive on the groimd, and their sons they teach ; 
— " and ye draw near and stand under the 
mountain, and the mountain is burning with 
fire unto tlie lieart of the heavens — darkness, 
cloud, yea, thick darkness : 

"^ ' And Jehovah speaketh unto you out of 
the midst of the fire ; a voice of words ye are 
hearing and a similitude j'e arc not secinij, 
only a voice ; *^ and He declareth to you His 
covenant, which He hath commanded you to 
do, the Ten Matters, and He writeth them 
ujioii two tables of stone. 

'•* ' And me hath Jehovah commanded at 
that time to teach you statutes and jiulgments, 
for your doing them in the land whither ye 
are i)assing over to possess it ; ^•' and yc liave 
been very watchful of your souls, for yc liavc 
not seen any similitude in the day of Je- 
hovah's siieaking unto you in Horcb out of the 
122 



midst of the fire, ^''lest yc do corruptly, and 
have made to you a graven image, a simili- 
tude of any fif^ire, a fu"rm of male or female— 
^~ a form of any beast which is in the earth— 
a form of any winged bird which tiieth in the 
heavens — ^^a form of any creeping thing on 
the groimd — a form of any fish which is in the 
waters under the earth ; 

^^ ' And lest thou lift up thine eyes towards 
the heavens, and hast seen the sun, and the 
moon, and the stars, all the host of the 
heavens, and thou hast been forced, and 
hast bowed thyself to them, and sei-ved them, 
which Jehovali thy God hath apportioned to 
all the peoples imder the whole heavens. 

-" ' And you hath Jehovah taken, and He is 
bringing you out from the iron furnacCj from 
•Egy[3t, to be to Him for a people — an inheri- 
tance, as at this day. 

^1 'And Jehovah hath shewed himself wroth 
with me because of your words, and swear- 
eth to my not passing over the Jordan, and 
to my not going in tutto the good land which 
Jehovah thy God is giving to thee — an inheri- 
tance; -2 for I am dying in this land; I am 
not passing over the Jordan, and ye are 
passing over, and have possessed this good 
land. 

^ ' Take heed to yoiu-selves, lest ye forget 
the covenant of Jehovah your God, which 
He hath made with you, and have made to 
yourselves a graven image, a similitude of 
anything concerning which Jehovah thy God 
hath charged thee : ^ for Jehovah thy God is 
a fire consuming — a zealous God. 

•J5 ' "V^en thou begettest sons and sons' 
sons, and ye have become old in the land, 
and have done coiruptly, and have made a 
graven image, a similitude of anything, and 
nave done the evil thing in the eyes of Je- 
hovah, to provoke Him to anger: — -''I have 
caused to testify against you this day the 
heavens and the earth, that ye do perish ut- 
terly hastily from off the land whither ye are 
liassing over the Jordan to possess it; ye do 
not [prolong days upon it, but are utterly de- 
stroyed; -''and Jehovah hath scattered you 
among the peoples, and ye have been left few 
in number among the nations, whither Je- 
hovah leadeth you, -^and yc have served there 
gods, work of man's hands, wood and stone, 
which see not, nor hear, nor eat, nor smell. 

"" ' And— ye have sought from thence Je- 
hovah thy God, and hast found, when thou 
seekest Him with all thy heart, and with all 
thy soul, 3** in distress being to thee, and all 
these things have found thee, in the latter 
end of the days, and thou hast txirned back 
unto Jehovah thy God, and hast hearkened 
to His voice ; ^' for a merciful God is Jehovah 
thy God ; He doth not fail thee, nor destroy 
tliee, nor forget the covenant of thy fathers, 
which He hath sworn to them. 

3= ' For, ask, I pray thee, at the foi-mer 
days which nave been before thee, from 
the day that God prepared man on the earth, 
and from the one, cud of the heavens 
even unto the other end of the licavens, 
wliother there hatli boon as this great thing 
—or hath been heard like it? '''IHath a people 
hoard the voice of God s]ieaking out of the 



Cities of refuge. 



TV. 34.- DEUTERONOMY. -v. 24 . The decalogue repeated. 



midst of tlic firo, as tliou hast heard, thoii — 
and doth livo? ^"Or hath God tried to go in 
to take to Himself, a nation from the midst 
of a nation, by trials, by signs, and by won- 
ders, and by war, and by a strong hand, and 
by a stretohed-ont arm, and by great terrors — 
according to all that Jehovah your God hatli 
done to yoii, in Egypt, before your eyes? 
3^ Thou, thou hast been shewn it, to know 
that Jehovah He is God ; there is none else 
besides Him. 

^"' From the heavens He hath caused thee 
to hear His voice, to instruct thee, and on 
earth He hath shewed thee His great fire, 
and His words thou hast heard out of the 
midst of the fire. 

•■'' ' And because that He hath loved thy 
fathers, He doth also fix on their seed after 
them, and doth bring thee out, in His pre- 
sence, by His great power, from Egy]:)t : ■*^ to 
dispossess nations greater and stronger than 
thou, from thy presence, to bring thee in to 
give to thee their land — an inheritance, as at 
this day. 

33 ' And thou hast known to-day, and hast 
turned it back imto thy heart, that Jehovah 
He is God, in the heavens above, and on the 
earth beneath — there is none else ; ''*' and thou 
hast kept His statutes and His commands 
which I am commanding thee to-day, so that 
it is well to thee, and to thy sons after thee, 
and so that thou prolongest days on the 
ground which Jehovah thy God is giving to 
thee — all the days.' 

'*' Then Moses separateth three cities be- 
yond the Jordan, towards the sun-rising, ^^for 
the fleeing thither of the man-slayer, who 
slayeth his neighbour unknowingly, and he 
is not hating him heretofore, and he hath 
lied unto one of these cities, and he hath 
lived: ''^Bezer, in the Malderness, in the land 
of the plain, of the Reubenite; and Eamotli, 
in Gilead, of tlie Gadite; and Golan, in 
Bashan, of the Manassahite. 

■•^ And this is the law which Moses hath set 
before the sons of Israel ; '^^ these are the testi- 
monies, and the statutes, and the judgments, 
which Moses hath spoken imto the sons of 
Israel, in their commg out of Egypt, '*'' be- 
yond the Jordan, in the valley over-against 
Beth-Peor, in the land of Sihon, king of the 
Amorite, who is dwelling in Heshbou, whom 
Moses and the sous of Israel have smitten, in 
their coming out of E^ypit, ^" and they possess 
liis land, and the land of Og king of Bashan, 
two kings of the Amorite who are beyond 
the Jordan, toroards the sxm-rising ; *'^ from 
Aroer, which is by the edge of the brook 
Ai'uon, even unto Mount Siou, which is Her- 
mou — ■^Sand all the plain beyond the Jordan 
eastward, even iinto the sea of the plain, 
under the springs of Pisgah. 

V. lAND Moses calleth imto all Israel, 
and saith unto them, ' Hear, Israel, the stat- 
iites and thejudgments which lam speaking 
in your ears to-day, and ye have learned 
them, and have observed to do them. "Je- 
hovah our God made ^vith us a covenant in 
Horeb ; =* not with our fathers hath Jehovah 
maile this covenant, but with us ; we— these 



—here to-day— all of us alive. * Face to face 
hath Jehovah spoken with you, in the mount, 
out of the midst of the lu-e; ^I am standing 
between Jehovah and you, at that time, to 
declare to you tlio word of Jehovah, for ye 
have been afraid from the jiresence of the 
fire, and ye have not gone up into the mount ; 
saying : 

'' ' I Jehovah am thy God, who hath brought 
thee out from the land of Egypt, from a house 
of servants. 

" ' Thou hast no other gods in My pres- 
ence. 

8 ' Thou dost not make to thee a graven 
image, any similitude which is in the heavens 
above, and wliich is in the earth beneath, and 
which is in the waters under the earth ; •' thoii 
dost not bow thyself to them nor serve them, 
for I Jehovah thy God am a zealous God, 
charging iniquity of fathers on children, and 
on a third generation, and on a fourth, to 
those hating Me; ^''and doing kindness to 
thousands, to tliose lo\ang Me, and to those 
keeping My commands. 

^1 'Thou dost not take up the Name of Je- 
hovah thy God for a vain thing, for Jehovah 
doth not acquit him who taketh up His Name 
for a vain thing. 

^'- ' Observe the day of the sabbath — to sanc- 
tify it, as Jehovah thy God hath commanded 
thee ; ^■^ six days thou dost labour, and hast 
done all thy work, ^^ and the seventh day is 
a sabbath to Jehovah thy God; thou dost 
not do any work, thou, and thy sou, and thy 
daughter, and thy man-servant, and thy hancl- 
maid, and thine ox, and thine ass, and all 
thy cattle, and thy sojourner who is \vithin 
thy gates; so that thy man-servant, and thy 
hand-maid doth rest like thyself ; i° and thou 
hast remembered that a servant thou hast 
been in the land of Egypt, and Jehovah thy 
God is brin.ging tliee out thence by a strong 
hand, and by a stretched-out arm; there- 
fore liath Jehovah thy God commanded thee 
to keep the day of the sabbatli. 

i"" ' Honour thy father and thy mother, as 
Jehovah thy God hath commanded thee, so 
that thy days are prolonged, and so that it is 
well with thee, on the groimd which Jehovah 
thy God is giving to thee. 

^'' ' Thou dost not murder. 

^8 ' Thou dost not commit adultery. 

19 ' Thou dost not steal. 

-0 ' Thou dost not answer against thy neigh- 
bour — a false testimony. 

-1 ' Thou dost not desire thy neighbom-'s 
wife; nor dost thou covet thy neighbour's 
house, his field, and his man-servant, and his 
hand-maid, his ox, and his ass, and anything 
which is thy neighbour's. 

^'^ ' These words hath Jehovah spoken unto 
all your asseml)ly, in the mount out of the 
midst of the fii-e, of the cloud, and of the 
thick darkness — a great voice ; and He liath 
not added, and He writctli them on two tables 
of stone, and giveth them unto me. 

"3 ' And it Cometh to pass as ye hear tlie 
voice OTit of the midst of the darkness, and 
of the mountain burning with fire, that ye 
come near unto me, all the heads of your 
tribes, and your elders, "■'and say, Lo, Je- 
123 



Exhortation to ohrdience. 



V. ai— DEUTERONOMY.— VII. 4. Canaanitex to he destroyed. 



ho vail our God liatli showecl iis His lionour, 
and Tlis greatness ; and His voice we have 
heard out of the midst of the fire ; this day we 
have seen that (lod doth speak Avith man — 
and he hath lived. 

-° 'And, now, why do we die? for consume 
us doth this great fire — if we add to hear the 
voice of Jehovah our God any more — then we 
have died. -" For who of all flesh is he who 
hath heard the voice of the living God speak- 
ing out of the midst of the fire like us — and 
doth live ? '-'" Draw near thou, and hear all 
that which Jehovah our God saith, and thou, 
thou dost speak unto iis all that which Je- 
hovah our God speaketh unto thee, and we 
have hearkened, and done it. 

"** 'And Jehovah heareth the voice of your 
words, in your speaking unto me, and Jehovah 
salth unto me, I have heard the voice of the 
words of this people which they have spoken 
unto thee ; they have done well in all that 
they have spoken. -^0 that their heart had 
been thus to them, to fear Me, and to keep 
My commands all the days, that it may be 
well with them, and with their sons — to the 
age! 

3" ' Go, say to them. Turn back for yoiu-- 
selves, to your tents ; ^^ and thou here stand 
thou with Me, and let Me speak unto thee all 
the command, and the statutes, and the judg- 
ments which thou dost teach tuem, and they 
have done in the laud wliich I am giving to 
them to possess it. 

^■- ■ And ye have observed to do as Jehovah 
your God hath commanded you, ye turn not 
aside — right or left; ^■' in all the way which 
Jehovah your God hath commanded you ye 
walk, so that ye live, and it is well with you, 
and ye have ])rolonged days in the land which 
ye jiossess. 

VI. 1 'AND this is the command, the sta- 
tutes, and the judgments which Jehovah vour 
God hath commanded to teach you, to Ao in 
the land which ye are i^assiug over thither to 
possess it, - so that thou dost fear Jehovah 
thy God, to keep all His statutes and His com- 
mands, which 1 am commanding thee, thou, 
and thy son, and thy sou's sou, all days of thy 
life, and so that thy days are prolonged. 

'•' ' And thou hast licard, Israel, and ob- 
served to do, that it may be well with thee, 
and that thou maycst multiply exceedingly, 
as Jehovah, God oi' thy fathers, hath spoken 
to thee, in the land nowing with milk and 
honey. 

•• ' Hear, Israel, Jehovah our God is one 
Jehovah; ^and thou hast loved Jehovah thy 
God with all thy heart, and with all thy 
souL and with all thy might, " and these words 
which I am commanding thee to-day have 
been on thine heart, ''and thou hast repeated 
them to thy sons, and S])okcn of themin 
thy sitting in thine liouse, and in tliy walking 
in the way, and in thy lying down, and in thy 
rising up, ^and liast bound them for a sign 
upon thy hand, and thoy have l)een for froiit- 
lets between thine eyos, '^ and thou hast writ- 
ten them on door-post^t of thy house, and on 
thy gates. 

'**' And it hatli l)ecn, when Jehovah tlivGod 
124 



doth bring thee in unto the land which He 
hath sworn to thy fathers, to Abraham, to 
Isaac, and to .Jacob, to give to thee — cities great 
and good, which thou hast not built, " and 
houses full of all good things which thou hast 
not filled, and wells digged which thou hast 
not digged, vine-yards and olive-yards which 
thou hast not jjlanted, and thou hast eaten, 
and been satisfied ; 

'^ ' Take heed to thyself lest thou forget 
Jehovah who hath brought thee out of the 
laud of Egypt, out of a house of servants; 
^■' Jehovah thy God thou dost fear, and Him 
thou dost serve, and by His name thou dost 
swear; "ye do not go after other gods, of 
the gods of the peoples who ai-e round about 
you ; ''' for a zealous God is Jehovah thy God 
m thy midst — lest the anger of Jehovah thy 
God burn against thee, and He hath destroyed 
thee from oit' the face of the groimd. 

^'' ' Ye do not tiy Jehovah your God as ye 
tried in Massah ; ^^ ye do diligently keep tne 
commands of Jehovah your God, and His 
testimonies, and His statutes which He hath 
commanded thee, i** and thou hast done that 
which is right and good in th.e eyes of Je- 
hovah, so that it is well with thee, and thou 
iiast gone in and possessed the good land 
which Jehovah hath sworn to thy fathers, 
'"to drive away all thine enemies from thy 
presence, as Jehovah hath spoken. 

20 'When thy son asketh thee hereafter, 
saying, Wliat arc the testimonies, and the 
statutes, and the judgments, which Jehovah 
oiu- God hath commanded you ? -' then thou 
hast said to thy son. Servants we have been 
to Pharaoh in Egyjit, and Jehovah bringeth 
us out of E.gjrpt by a high hand ; -- and Je- 
hovah giveth signs and wonders, great and 
sad, on Egyi^t, ou Pharaoh, and on all his 
house, before oiu" eyes; -* and us He hath 
brought out thence, in order to bring us 
in, to give to us the land which He had sworn 
to our fathers. 

-^ And Jehovah commandeth us to do all 
these stahites, to fear Jehovah our God, for 
good to ourselves all the davs, to keep us 
alive, as at this day ; "'' and riglitcousncss it is 
for us, when we observe to do all this com- 
maud before Jehovah our God, as He hath 
commanded us. 

VII. 1 ' WHEN Jehovah thy God doth 
bring thee in unto the land whither thou art 
going iu to possess it, and He hath cast out 
many nations from thy presence, the Hittite, 
and the Girgashite, and the Amorite, and the 
Canaanitc, and the Perizzitc, and the Hivite, 
and the Jebusite, seven nations more numc- 
lous and mighty than thou, - and Jehoval) 
thy God hath given them before thee, and 
tliou hast smitten them — thou dost utterly 
devote them — thou dost not make with them 
a covenant, nor dost thou favour tlicni. 

•' 'And thou dost nut join in marriage with 
them; thy daughter thou dost not give to his 
son, and his daui;hter thou dost not take to 
thy son, •• for he doth turn aside thy son from 
after Mc, and they have sensed other goda, 
and the anger of Jehovah hath burned against 
you, and hath destroyed thee hastily. 



Conditions of God's kindness, vii. 5.— DEUTERONOMY.— viii. 14. Idolatry to be avoided. 



' ' But thus thou dost to them : their altars 
ye break down, and their standing pillars ye 
shiver, and their shrines ye cut down, and 
their graven imases ye burn with tire ; *• for a 
holy people art thoti to Jehovah thy God ; ou 
thck nath Jehovah thy God fixed, to be to 
Him for a iiecnliar people, out of all the 
peoples who are on the face of the ground. 

■^ Not because of yom- being more numer- 
ous_ than any of the peoples hath Jehovah 
delighted in you, and fixeth on you, for ye 
are the least of all the peoples, ^ but because 
of Jehovah's loving yovi, and becaiise of His 
keeping the oath wnich He hath sworn to 
your fathers, hath Jehovah brought you out 
by a strong hand, and doth ransom you from 
a house of servants, from the hand of Pharaoh 
king of Egjnit. 

^ ' And tGou hast known that Jehovah thy 
God He is God, the faithfiil God, Iceeping the 
covenant, and the kindness, to those loVing 
Him, and to those keeping His commands — 
to a thousand geuei'atious, i" and repaying to 
those hating Him, uuto their face, to destroy 
them ; He clelayeth not to him who is hating 
Him — imto his face. He repayeth to him— 
1^ and thou hast kept the command, and the 
statutes, aud the judgments, which I am 
commanding thee to-day to do them. 

1" ' And it hath been, because ye liear these 
judgments, and have ke]it, and done them, 
that Jehovah thy God hath kept to thee the 
covenant and the kindness which He hath 
sworn to thy fathers, ^^ and hath loved thee, 
and blessed thee, and miiltiplied tliee, and 
hatli blessed the fruit of thy womb, aud the 
fruit of thy ground, thy corn, and thy new 
■\vine, and thine oil, the increase of thine 
oxen, and the wealth of thy flock, on the 
groimd whicli He hath sworn to thy fathers 
to .give to thee. 

" ' Blessed art thou above all the peoples, 
there is not in thee a barren man or a barren 
woman — nor among yoiu' cattle; ^^ and Je- 
hovah hath turned aside from thee every 
sickness, and none of the evil diseases of 
Egyiit (which thou hastlcnown) doth He put ou 
thee, aud He liath put them ou all hating thee. 

i" 'And thou liast consumed all the peoples 
whom Jehovah thy God is giving to thee; 
thine eye hath no pity on them, and thou 
dost not serve theii- gods, for a snare it is to 
thee. 

^^ ' Wlien thou sayest in thiue heart, These 
nations are more numerous than I, liow am I 
able_ to dispossess them? — ^^ thou art not 
afraid of them; thou dost surely remember 
that which Jehovah thy God hath done to 
Phai-aoh, and to all Egypt, ^'^ tlie gi-eat trials 
which thine eyes have seen, aud the signs, 
aud the wonders, aud the strong hand, aud 
the stretched-out arm, with which .Jeliovah 
thy God hath brought thee out ; so doth Je- 
hovah thy God to all the iieoples of whose 
presence tlioii art afraid. 

"" ' Aud also the locust doth Jehovah thy 
God send among them, till the destruction of 
those who are left, and of those who are hid- 
den from thy presence ; -ithou art not terri- 
fied by their presence, for Jehovah tliy God is 
in thy midst, a God sxreat and fearful. 



2" ' And Jehovah thy God hath cast out 
these nations from thy presence little b// little, 
(thou art not able to consume tliem hastily, 
lest the beast of the field multiply against 
thee), -^ and Jehovah thy God hath given them 
before thee, and destroyed them — a gi-eat de- 
struction—till their destruction; ^and He 
hath given their Idugs into thy hand, and thou 
hast destroyed their name from under the 
heavens ; no man doth station himself in thy 
presence till thou hast destroyed them. 

-^ 'The graven images of their gods ye do 
burn with tire ; thou dost not desire the silver 
and gold on them, nor hast thou taken it to 
thyself, lest thou be snared by it, for the abo- 
mination of Jehovah tliy God it is; -"and 
thou dost not bring in an abomination unto 
thy house — or thou hast been devoted like it ; 
— thou dost utterly detest it, and thou dost 
utterly abominate it ; for it is devoted. 

VIII. ^ ' ALL the command which I am 
commanding thee to-day ye observe to do, so 
that ye live, and have multiplied, and gone in, 
and possessed the land which Jehovah hath 
sworn to your fathers ; - and thou hast remem- 
bered all the way which Jehovah thy God 
hath caused thee to go these forty years in the 
wilderness, in order to humble thee, to try 
thee, to know that which is in thy heart, 
whether thou dost keep His commands or not. 

■* ' And He doth hmnble thee, and cause 
tliee to hunger, aud doth cause thee to eat 
the manna (which thou hast uot known, even 
thy fathers have not known), in order to cause 
thee to know that not by bread alone doth 
man live, but by every produce of the moutJ 
of Jehovah man doth live. 

* 'Thy raiment hath not worn out from off 
thee, and thy foot hath not swelled these 
forty years, ^ and thou hast Icuown, with thy 
heart, tliat as a man chastiseth his son 
Jehovah thy God is chastisiug thee, "and 
thou hast kept the commands of Jehovah 
thy God, to walls in His ways, aud to fear 
Him. 

'' ' For Jehovah thy God is bringing thee 
in imto a good land, a laud of brooks of 
waters, of fountains, and of depths coming 
out in valley aud in moimtaiu : ^ a laud of 
wheat, and barley, and vine, aud fig, and 
pomegranate ; a land of oil olive and honey ; 
'■•a land iu which Avithout scarcity thou dost 
eat bread, thou dost not lack anything in it ; 
a laud whose stones are iron, and out of its 
mountains thou dost dig brass ; '" and thou 
hast eaten, and been satisfied, and hast 
blessed Jehovah thy God, on the good land 
which he hath given to thee. 

^^'Take heed to thyself, lest thou forget 
Jehovah thy God so as not to Ivcep His com- 
mands, and His judgments, aud His statutes 
which I am commanding thee to-day; i-lest 
thou eat, and hast been satisfied, and good 
houses dost build, and hast inhabited; ^^ aud 
thy herd aud thy flock be multiplied, aufl 
silver and gold be midtiplicd to thee; aud all 
that is thine be midtiplied : 

i-* ' And thy heaii; hath been high, and thou 
hast forgotten Jehovah thy God (who is ])riug- 
ing thee out of the laud of Egyirt, out of a 
125 



Moaes' chai-ge continued, viii. 15. — DEUTEKONOMY.— ix. 27. Israel's rebellions narrated. 



house of servants ; " wlio is causiug thee to 
go in the jj^i-cat and the terrible ■wilderness 
— burning serpent, and scorvuon, and thirst- 
where there is no water ; who is brinjjinc; out 
to thee waters from the flinty rock ; ^^ who is 
causiuK thee to eat niauna in the wilderness, 
wliich thy fathers liave not known, in order 
to humble thee, and in order to try thee, to 
«lo thee good in thy latter end), ^'' and thou 
hast said in thy heart, ■ My power, and the 
might of my hand, hath made for me this 
wealth : 

18 ' And thou hast remembered Jehovah thy 
God, for He it is who is giving to thee power 
to make wealth, in order to establish His 
covenant which He hath sworn to thy fathers 
as at this day. 

13 ' And it hath been — if thou really forget 
Jehovah thy God, and hast gone after other 
gods, and served them, and bowed thyself to 
them, I have testified against you to-day that 
ye do iitterly perish ; "" as the nations whom 
Jehovah is destroying from your presence, so 
ye jjerish; because ye hearken not to the 
voice of Jehovah yom* God. 

IX. 1 ' HEAR, Israel, tho;i art passing over 
to-day the Jordan, to go in to possess nations 
greater and mightier than thyself ; cities gi-eat 
and fenced in the heavens ; -a people great and 
tall, sons of Anakim, wliom thou — thou hast 
known, (and thou — thou hast heard: Who 
doth station himself before sons of Anak?) 
^ and thou hast known to-day, that Jehovah 
thy God is He who is passing over before thee 
—a fire consuming; He doth destroy them, 
and He doth himible them before thee, and 
thou hast dispossessed them, and destroyed 
them hastily, as Jehovah hath spoken to 
thee. 

^ ' Thou dost not speak in thy heart (in Je- 
liovah thy God's driving them away from be- 
fore thee), saying. For my righteousness hath 
Jehovah brought me in to possess this land, 
seeing for the wickedness of these nations is 
Jehovah disiiossessing them from thy pres- 
ence ; s not for thy righteousness, and for the 
uprightness oE thy heart, art thou going in to 
possess their land ; but for the wickedness of 
these nations is Jehovah thy God dispossess- 
ing them from before thee; and in order to 
establish the word which Jehovah hath sworn 
to thy fathei's, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to 
Jacob; ''and thou hast luiown, that not for 
thy righteousness is .Tehovah thy God giving 
to thee this good land to possess it, for a people 
stiff of neck tiiou art. 

7 ' Rumcniber — do not forget — that tvith 
which thou hast made Jehovah thy God 
wroth ill the wilderness; even from the day 
that thou hast come out of the laud of lOgypt 
till your coming in unto this jjlace rebels ye 
have been witli .Tehovah; ''even in Horeb 
ye have made Jehovah ^vl•oth, and Jehovah 
sheweth Himself angry against you— to des- 
troy you. 

3 ' In my going up into the mount to receive 
the tables of stone (tables of the covenant 
which Jeliovah hath made with you), and I 
abide in this mount forty days and forty 
oitihts : bread I have not eaten, and water I 
126 



have not drunk; i** and Jehovah giveth unto 

me the two tables of stone \vritten \\ath the 
hnger of God, and on them according to all 
the words which Jehovah hath spoken with 
you in the mount, out of the midst of the fire, 
in the day of the assembly. 

11 'And it Cometh to pass, at the end of 
forty days and forty nights, .Tehovah hath 
given imto me the two tables of stone — tables 
of the covenant, i^and Jehovah saith imto 
me, Rise, go down, hasten from this, for thy 
people hath done corruptly, whom tliou hast 
brought out of Ejjypt ; they have turned aside 
hastily out of the way which I have com- 
manded them— they have made to themselves 
a molten thing ! 

1^ ' And Jehovah speaketh iinto ine, saying, 
I have seen this peoi)le, and lo, a people stifl 
of neck it is : i* desist from Me, and I destroy 
them, and blot out their name from under the 
heavens, and I make thee become a nation 
more mighty and nimierous than it. 

1' ' And T turn, and come down from the 
moimt, and the mount is burning with fire 
and the two tables of the covenant on my two 
hands, i^and I see, and lo, ye have sinned 
against Jehovah your God ; ye have made to 
yom-selves a molten calf; ye have turned a- 
side hastily out of the way which Jehovah 
hath commanded you. 

1'' ' And I lay hold on the two tables, and 
cast them out of my two hands, and break 
them before yoiu- eyes, i^and I throw myself 
before Jehovah, as at first, forty days and 
forty nights; bread I have not eaten, and 
water I have not di-nnk, because of all your 
sins which ye have sinned, by doing the evil 
thing in the eyes of Jehovah, to make Him 
angiy. 

13 ' For I have been afraid because of the 
anger and the fury ^vith which Jehovah hath 
been wroth against you, to destroy you ; and 
Jehovah doth hearken unto me also at this 
time. 

-" ' And with Aaron hath Jehovah shewed 
himself very angry, to destroy him, and I 
pray also for Aaron at that time ; -i and your 
sin, which ye have made — the calf — T have 
taken, and I burn it with fire, and beat it. 
grinding well till that it is small as dust, and 
I cast its dust unto the brook which is going 
down out of the mount. 

-- ' And in Taberah, and in Massah, and_ in 
Ivibroth-Hattaavah, ye have been making 
Jehovah -wroth: -^and in Jehovah's sending 
you from Kadcsh-Barnea, saying. Go \ip, and 
]>ossess the land which I have given to you, 
then ye provoke the mouth of Jehovah your 
God, and have not given credence to Him, 
nor hcarkenctl to His voice; -■'rebels ye have 
been with Jehovah from the day of my 
knowing you. 

■'•"' 'And I throw myself before Jehovah, 
the forty days and the forty nights, as T had 
thrown myself, for .Ttliovah hath said — to 
destroy you; -''and T in-ay \into Jehovah, 
and say, IjOI'iI .Tehovah, destroy not Thy 
peo])lc, and Thine inheritance, whom Thou 
iiast ransomed in Thy greatness; whom Thou 
liast brought out of K.rvi)t with a strong 
hand; -'^bc niintlful of Thy servants, of Ab- 



Renewal of the two tables. ix. 28.— DEUTERONOMY.— xi. 13. 



Obedience enfoiwtcl. 



rahaiu, of Isaac, and of Jacob, turn not unto 
the stiffness of this people, and unto its 
•wickedness, and nnto its sin ; ^ lest the land 
say fi'om which Thou hast brought us out, 
Because of Jehovah's want of ability to bring 
them in unto the land of which He hath 
spoken to them, and because of His hating 
them, He brought them out to put them 
to death in the ^vi]de^ness: -^and they are 
Thy people, and Thine inheritance, whom 
Thou hast brought out by Thy great power, 
and by Thy stretched-out arm! 

X, ^ ' At that time hath Jehovah said unto 
me, Grave for thee two tables of stone, like 
the first, and come up unto Me, into the 
mount, and thou hast made for thee an ark 
of wood, - and I %vrite on the tables the words 
which were on the hrst tables, which thou 
hast broken, and thou hast placed them in the 
ark ; ^ and I make an ark of shittim wood, 
and grave two tables of stone lUce the first, 
and go up to the mount, and the two tables 
in my hand. 

* ' And He wi-iteth on the tables, accord- 
ing to the first writing, the Ten Matters, 
which Jehovah hath spoken unto you in the 
mount, out of the midst of the fire, in the 
day of the assembly, and Jehovah giveth 
them imto me, ^ and I tiu'u and come down 
from the mount, and put the tables in the ark 
which I had made, and they are there, as 
Jehovah commanded me. 

*■ ' And the sons of Israel have joiu-neyed 
from Beeroth of the sons of Jaakauto Mosera, 
there Aaron died, and he is buried there, 
and Eleazar his sou doth act as priest in his 
stead ; ^thence they jom-neyed to Gudgodah, 
and from Gudgodah to Jotbathah, a land 
of brooks of water. 

8 'At that time hath Jehovah separated 
the tribe of Le^-i, to bear the ark of the 
covenant of Jehovah, to stand before Jeho- 
vah, to serve Him, and to bless in His name, 
imto this day, " therefore there hath not been 
to Levi a portion and inheritance with his 
bretkren ; Jehovah Himself is his inherit- 
ance, as Jehovah thy God hath spoken to 
him. 

^" ' And I — I have stood in the moimt, as 
the former days, forty days and forty nights, 
and Jehovah hearkeneth ujito me also at 
that time ; Jehovah hath not willed to des- 
troy thee. 

^\ 'And Jehovah saith unto me. Rise, go 
to joiu-ney before the people, and they go in 
and possess the land which I have sworn to 
their fathers to give to them. 

^" ' And now, Israel, what is Jehovah thy 
God asking from thee, except to fear Jehovah 
thy God, to walk in all His ways, and to love 
Him, and to serve Jehovah thy God with all 
thy heart, and with all thy soul, ^^to keep 
the commands of Jehovah, and His statutes 
which I am commanding thee to-day, for 
good to thee ? 

^* ' Lo, to Jehovah thy God are the heavens 
and the heavens of the heavens, the earth 
and all that w in it; ^'only in thy fathers 
hath Jehovah delighted — to love them, and 
He doth fix on theii- seed after them — on you, 



out of all the peoples as at this day ; i" and 
ye have circimicised the foreskin of your 
heart, and yom- neck ye do not harden any 
more; ^^for Jehovah yom- God— He is Go(l 
of the gods, and Lord of the lords ; God, the 
great, the mighty, and the fearful ; who ac- 
cepteth not persons, nor taketh a bribe ; 
16 He is doing the judgment of fatherless ami 
widow, and lo\'ing the sojom-ner, to give to 
him bread and raiment. 

^^ ' And ye have loved the sojourner, for 
sojom-ners ye were in the laud of Egyj^t. 

-0 'Jehovah thy God thou dost fear. Him 
thou dost serve, and to Him thou dost cleave, 
and by His name thou dost swear, -i He is 
thy praise, and He is thy God, who hath 
done with thee these gi-eat and fearfvd tlunga 
which thine eyes have seen: -^with seventy 
persons did thy fathers go down to Egypt, 
and now hath Jehovah thy God made thee 
as stars of the heavens for multitude. 

XL 1 ' AND thou hast loved .Jehovah tny 
God, and kept His charge, and His statutes, 
and His judgments, and His commands, all 
the _ days ; ^ and ye have known to-day— 
for it is not yoiu- sons who have not known, 
and who have not seen the chastisement 
of Jehovah yom* God, His gi-eatness, His 
strong hancl, and His stretched-out arm, 
^and His signs, and His doings, which He 
hath done in the midst of Egypt, to Pharaoh 
king of Egypt, and to aU his "land ; ■* and that 
which He hath done to the force of Egypt, to 
its horses, and to its chariot, when He hath 
caused the waters of the Red Sea to fiow 
against their faces in their pm-suing after 
them, and Jehovah destroveth them, unto 
this day ; ^ and that which He hath done to- 
you in the wilderness, till your coining in 
unto this place ; ^ and that which He hath 
done to Dathan, and to Abiram, sons of 
Eliab, sons of Reuben, when the earth hath 
opened her mouth and swalloweth them, and 
their houses, and their tents, and all that 
liyetli. which is at their feet, in the midst 
of all Israel : 

" ' — But it is your eyes which are seeing: 
all the great work of Jehovah, which He hath, 
done ; * and ye ha.ve kept all the command, 
which I am commanding thee to-day, so that' 
ye are strong, and have gone in, and jios- 
sessed the laud whither ye are jiassing over 
to possess it, " and so that ye prolong days on 
the ground which Jehovah hath sworn to 
your fathers to give to them and to theii- seed 
— a land fiowiug with milk and honey. 

1" 'For the laud whither thou art fjoiug in 
to possess it, is not as the land ot Egypt 
whence yc have come out, where thou sowest 
thy seed, and hast watered with thy foot, as 
a garden of the gi-een herb ; ^^ but the land 
whither ye are 2Jassing over to possess it,, is a 
laud of hills and valleys; of the rain of the 
heavens it driuketh water; ^-a land wliich 
Jehovah thy God is searching ; continually 
are the eyes of Jehovah thy God upon it, from 
the beginning of the year even unto the latter 
end of the year. 

1* 'And it hath been— if thou hearken dili- 
gently imto My commands which I am com-- 
]27 



Thu clvarge cotit'mued. 



XI. 14— DEUTERONOMY,— XII. 17. Place oj burnt-offering. 



mandiug you to-day, to love Jeliovah yoiir 
God, aud ibo serve Him witli all your heart, 
and with all your soid— "that I have giveu 
the raiu of youi- laud in its season — sprink- 
ling and gathered — and thou hast gathered 
thy corn, andthynew wine, and thine oil, ^^and 
I have given herbs in thy field for tliy cattle, 
and thou hast eaten, and been satisfied. 

1'' ' Take heed to yourselves, lest your heart 
be enticed, aud ye have turned aside, and 
served other gods, aud bowed yoiu-selves to 
them, 1'' and the anger of .Jehovah hath burn- 
ed against you, and He liatli restrained the 
heavens, and tliere is no rain, and the ground 
doth not give her increase, and ye have per- 
ished hastily from otf the good land which 
Jehovah is giving to you. 

IS ' And ye have iilaced these my words on 
your heart, and on yoiir sou], and have bound 
them for a sign on your hand, and they have 
been for frontlets between your eyes ; ^^ and 
ye have taught them to your sons, by speaking 
of them in thy sitting in thy house, aud in thy 
going in the way, and in thy lying down, and 
in thy rising up, "" and hast written them on 
the side-posts of thy liouso, and on thy gates, 
"1 so that your days arc multiplied, aud the 
days of your sons, on the groimd which Je- 
hovah hath sworn to your fathers to give to 
them, as the days of the heavens ou the 
earth. 

-- ' For, if ye diligently keep all this com- 
mand which i am commanding you— to do it, 
to love Jehovah your God, to walk in all Hia 
ways, and to cleave to Him, "•' then hath Je- 
hovah dispossessed all these nations from be- 
fore you, and ye have ])0ssessed nations, greater 
and mightier than you ; -^ every place on 
which the sole of your foot treadeth is yours ; 
from the wilderness, and Lebanon, from the 
river, the river Phrat, even imto the farther 
sea is your border ; ^' no man doth station 
himself in your presence ; your dread and 
your fear doth Jehovah your God put on the 
face of all the land on which ye tread, as He 
hath spoken to you. 

■■^ ' See, I am setting before you to-day a 
blessing and a reviling : -^ the blessiug, wheu 
ye hearken mito the commands of Jehovah 
yoiu- God, which I am ctjmmandiug you to- 
day; -** aud the reviling, if ye do not hearkoi 
imto the commands of Jehovah your God, aud 
have turned aside out of the way which I am 
commanding you to-day, to go after other 
gods which ye have not kuowii. 

-"'And it hath been, wiieu Jehovah thy 
God dotli bring thee in unto the land whitlier 
thou art going in to possess it, that thou hast 
giveu the blessing ou mouut Gerizim, and the 
reviling on motmt Ebal ; '■"' are tliey not beyond 
the .Jordan, behind tlie way of the going in 
of the sun, in tlic land of the (Janaanite, who 
is dwelling in the ])lain over-agaiust Gilgal, 
near the oaks of Moreh? ^' for ye are passing 
over the Jordan to go in to possess the land 
which .Jehovah your God is giving to you ; and 
ye have possessed it, and dwelt in it, •*-ancl 
observed to do all the statutes and tlie judg- 
ments which I am setting before you to-day. 

XII. » 'THESE ar>' the statutes and tlie 
128 



judgments which ye observe to do in the 
land which Jehovah, God of thy fathers, 
hath given to thee to possess it, all the days 
that ye are living on the ground: -ye do 
utterly destroy all the places where the 
nations whicli ye are dispossessing served 
their gods, on the high mountains, aud on the 
lieights, and under every green tree; ^and ye 
have broken down their altars, and shivered 
their standing pillars, and their shrines yc 
burn with lire, and graven images of their 
gods ye cut down, and have destroyed their 
uame out of that ijlace. 

■* ' Ye do not do so to Jehovah yoiu- God ; 
^ but unto the place which Jehovah your God 
doth choose out of all your tribes to put His 
name there, to His tabernacle ye seek, and 
thou hast entered thither, '' and hast brought 
in thither your bui-nt-offerings, and your 
sacrifices, and your tithes, and the heave- 
otfering of your hand, and your vows, and 
your free-will offerings, and the firstlings of 
your herd and of your flock; "and ye have 
eaten there before Jehovah your God, and 
have rejoiced in every putting forth of your 
hand, ye aud your households, with which 
Jehovah thy God hath blessed thee. 

s ' Ye do not do according to all that we 
are doiug here to-day, each anything that is 
right in his own eyes, "for ye have not come 
in hitherto unto the rest, and unto the in- 
heritance, which Jehovah thy God is giving 
to thee ; ^'^ aud ye have i^assed over the Jor- 
dan, aud have dwelt in the land which Je- 
hovah yoiu" God is causing yoii to inherit, 
and He liath given rest to you from all your 
enemies round about, aud ye have dwelt con- 
fidently : 

11 ' Aud it hath been, the place on which 
.Jehovah your God doth fix to cause His 
name to tabernacle there, thither ye bring in 
all that which I am commanding you, your 
burut-ofi'erings, aud your sacrifices, your 
tithes, and the heave-offering of your hand, 
and all the choice of yoiu" vows whicli ye 
vow to Jehovah; i- aud ye have rejoiced 
before Jehovah your God, ye, and your .sous, 
aud your daughters, aud your men-servants, 
aud your haud-niaids, and the Levitc who is 
within your gates, for he hath no part and 
inheritance with you. 

1^ ' Take heed to thee, lest thou cause thy 
burnt-offerings to ascend iu any place which 
thou seest, ^^ except in the ]ilace which .Je- 
luivah doth choose in one of thy tribes, there 
thou dost cause thy burnt-offerings to ascend, 
and tliere thou dost do all that which I aui 
commanding thee. 

15 ' Only, with .all the desire of thy soul thou 
dost sacrifice, aud hast eaten flesh according 
to the blessing of Jehovah thy God which He 
liath given to thee, iu all thy gates; the im- 
clean aud the clean do cat it, as of the roe, 
and as of the hart. 

"''Only, the blood ye do not eat— on the 
earth thou dost ]ii>ur it as water; ^"thou art 
not able to cat within tiiy gates the tithe of 
thy corn, aud of tliv new wine, and tliiiic oil, 
and the tirstliiii;s of tliy herd and of tliy Hock, 
an<L any of tliy vows which thou vowcst, and 
tliy fi-Aii-will ollcriiigs, and heave-offering of 



Blood not to he eaten. 



XII. 18.— DEUTEEONOMY.-xrv'. 1. 



Cautions aa to idolatry 



thy hand ; ^^ but before Jehovah thy God thou 
dost eat it, in the iilace which Jehovali 
thy God dotli fix on, thou, and thy son, and 
thy daugliter, and thy man-servant, and thy 
hand-maid, and the Levite who is within thv 
gates, and thou hast rejoiced before Jehovah 
thy God in every putting forth of thy hand ; 
'8 take heed to thee lest thou forsake the 
Levite all thy days on thy groimd. 

20 < "Wlien Jehovah thy God doth enlarge 
thy border, as He hath spoken to thee, and 
thou hast said, Let me eat flesh — for thy soul 
desireth to eat flesh — of all the desire of thy 
soul thou dost eat flesh. 

21 ' When the place is far from thee which 
Jehovah thy God doth choose to ]iut His 
name there, then thou hast sacrificed of thy 
herd and of thy flock which Jehovah hath 
given to thee, as I liave commanded thee, and 
hast eaten within thy gates, of all the desire 
of thy soul ; -" only, as the roe and the hart 
is eaten, so dost thou eat it ; the unclean and 
the clean doth alike eat it. 

-^ ' Only, be sure not to eat the blood, for 
the blood is the life, and thou dost not eat 
the life with the flesh ; -■'thou dost not eat it, 
on the earth thou dost pour it as water; 
-^ thou dost not eat it, in order that it may be 
well with thee, and with thy sons after thee, 
when thou dost that which is right in tlie eyes 
of Jehovah. 

-" ' Only, thy holy things which thou hast, 
and thy vows, thou dost take up, and hast 
gone in unto the place which Jehovah doth 
choose ; "'' and thou hast made thy bumt- 
ofFerings— the flesh and the blood — on the 
altar of Jehovah thy God ; and the blood of 
thy sacrifices is poured out by the altar of 
Jehovah thy God, and the flesh thou dost eat. 

-^Observe, and thou hast obeyed all these 
words which I am commanding thee, in order 
that it may be well with thee and with thy 
sons after thee — to the age, when thou dost 
that which is good and right in the eyes of 
Jehovah thy God. 

29 'Wlien Jehovah thy Goddoth cut off the 
nations — whither thou art going in to possess 
them— from thy presence, and thou bast pos- 
sessed them, and hast dwelt in their land — 
'^^ take heed to thee, lest thou be snared after 
them, after their being destroyed out of thy 
presence, and lest thou enquire about their 
gods, saying, How do these nations serve their 
gods, and I do so — even I ? 

31 'Thou dost not do so to Jehovah thv 
God ; for every abomination of Jehovah which 
He is hating they have done to their gods, 
for eA^en their sons and their daughters they 
burn with fire to their gods. *-The whole 
thing which I am commanding you — it ye ob- 
serve to do ; thou dost not add unto it, nor 
diminish from it. 

XIII. 1 ' WHEN there ariseth in your midst 
a prophet, or a dreamer of a dream, and he 
hath given imto thee a sign or wonder, " and 
the sign and the wonder hath come which he 
hath spoken of unto thee, saying, Let us go 
after other gods (which thou hast not known), 
and serve them, ^thoii dost not hearken 
unto the words of that prophet, or unto that 
I 



dreamer of the dream, for Jehovah your God is 
trying you, to know whether ye are loving 
Jehovah your God with all your heart, and 
with all your soul; ••after Jehovah your God 
ye walk, and Him ye feai", and His commands 
ye keep, and to His voice ye hearken, and 
Him ye serve, and to Him ye cleave. 

" 'And that prophet, or that dreamer of 
the dream, is put to death, for he hath 
spoken apostacy against Jehovah your God 
(who 13 bringing you out of the land of Egypt, 
and hath ransomed you out of a house of 
servants), to drive you out of the way in 
which Jehovah thy God hath commanded 
thee to walk, and thou hast put away the 
evil thing from thy midst. 

^ ' When thy brother — son of thy mother, 
or thy son, or thy daughter, or the wife of 
thy tosom, or thy friend who is as thine 
own soxil — doth move thee, in seci'et, saying, 
Let us go and serve other gods — (which 
thou hast not known, thou and thy fathers, 
^ of the gods of the peoples who are round 
about you, who are near imto thee, or who 
are far ofi' from thee, from the end of the 
earth even unto the end of the earth) — ^thou 
dost not consent to him, nor hearken unto 
him, nor doth thine eye have pity on him, nor 
dost thou spare, nor dost thou cover him over. 

^ ' But thou dost sm-ely kill him ; thy hand 
is on him, in the first place, to put him to 
death, and the hand of all the people last; 
1" and thou hast stoned him with stones, and 
he hath died, for he hath sought to drive thee 
away from Jehovah thy God, who is bringing 
thee out of the land of Egypt, out of a house 
of servants ; ^^ and all Israel do hear and fear, 
and add not to do like this evil thing in thy 
midst. 

1'^ 'When thoii hearest,_in one of thy cities 
which Jehovah thy_ God is giving to thee to 
dwell there, one saying, '^ Men, sons of worth- 
lessness, liave gone out of thy midst, and 
they foi'ce away the inhabitants of their city, 
saying. Let us go and serve other gods, which 
ye have not knov/n — i^and thou hast enquired, 
and searched, and asked diligently, and lo, 
truth ; the thing is established ; this abomin- 
ation hath been done in thy midst : 

15 'Thou dost surely smite the inhabitants 
of that city by the mouth of the sword; de- 
voting it, and all that is in it, even its cattle, 
by the mouth of the sword ; i" and all its 
spoil thou dost gather unto the midst of its 
Ijroad place, and hast burned with tire the 
city and all its sp)oil completely, before Jeho- 
vah thy God, and it hath been a heap age- 
during, it is not built any more ; i" and there 
doth not cleave to thy hand any of the de- 
voted thing, so that Jehovah doth turn back 
from the fierceness of His anger, and hath 
given to thee mercies, and loved thee, and 
multiplied thee, as He hath sworn to thy 
fathers, i^when thou dost hearken to the voice 
of Jehovah thy God, to keep all his com- 
mands which I am commanding thee to-day 
to do that which is right in the eyes of Je- 
hovah thy God. 

XIV. 1 ' SONS ye are to Jehovah your God; 
ye do not cut yourselves, nor make baldness 
129 



Concerning tithes. 



XIV. 2.-DEUTEE0N0My.— XV. 15. 



The year of release. 



between yoiir eyes for the dead ; - for a lioly 
people art thou to Jehovah tliy God, and on 
thee hath Jehovah iixed to be to Him for a 
people, a pccidiar treasure, out of all the 
peoples who are on the face of the gro\ind. 

3 ^Thou dost not eat any abominable thing; 
* this is the beast which ye do eat : ox, lamb 
of the sheep, or kid of the goats, ''hart, and 
roe, and fallow deer, and wild goat, and 
pygarg, and wild ox, and chamois; '^ and every 
beast dividing the hoof, and cleaving the cleft 
into two hoofs, bringing up tlie cud, among 
the beasts — it ye do eat. 

7 ' Only, this ye do not eat, of tliqse bring- 
ing \ip the cud, and of those dividing the 
cloven hoof: the camel, and the hare, and 
the rabbit, for they are bringing up the cud 
but the hoof liave not divided ; unclean they 
are to you; **and the sow, for it is dividing 
the hoof, and not bringing up the cud, unclean 
it is to you ; of their tiesh ye do not eat, and 
against their carcase ye do not come. 

9 'This ye do eat of all that are in the 
waters; all that hath fins and scales ye do 
eat; i^and anything which hath not fins and 
scales ye do not eat ; unclean it is to you. 

" 'Any clean bird ye do eat; ^-aud these 
are they of which ye do not eat: the eagle, 
and the ossifrage, and the ospray, '^'^ and the 
gledCj and the kite, and the vultiire after 
its kincl, I'' and every raven after its kind; 
1^ and the owl, and the night-hawk, and the 
cuckoo, and the hawk after its kind; ^''the 
little owl, and the great owl, and tlie swan, 
17 and the pelican, and the ^er-eagle, and the 
cormorant, i^and the stoi-k, and the heron 
after its kind, and the lapwing, and the bat ; 
i«and every teeming thing which is Hying, 
unclean it is to you; they are not eaten; 
"^ any clean fowl ye do eat. 

-1 ' Ye do not eat of any carcase ; to the 
sojourner who is within thy gates thou dost 
give it, and he hath eaten it; or sell it 
to a stranger; for a holy people thou art to 
Jehovah thy God ; thou dost not boil a kid in 
its mother's milk. 

^'•^ ' Thou dost certainly tithe all the increase 
of thy seed which the field is bringing forth 
year by year: -'and thou hast eaten before 
Jehovah thy God, in the place where He dotlx 
choose to cause His name to tabernacle, the 
tithe of thy corn, of thy new wine, and of 
thine oil, and the firstlings of thy herd, and 
of thy flock, so that thou dost learn to fear 
Jehovah thy God all the days. 

^ ' And when the way is too much for 
thee, that thou art not able to carry it — when 
the place is too far oft' from thee which 
Jehovah thy God doth choose to put His 
name there, when Jehovah thy God doth bless 
thee ;— ^ tlien thou hast given it in money, and 
hast bound up the money in thy liand, and 
gone unto the i)lace on wliich Jehovah thy 
God doth fix; -"and thou hast given the 
money for any thing which thy soul desireth, 
for oxen, and for sheep, and for wine, and for 
strong drink, and for any thing which thy 
soul asketh, and thou hast eaten there before 
Jeliovali tiiy God, and tliou liast rejoiced, 
thou and thy house. -" As to the Levite who 
is within tliy gates, thou dost not forsake 
130 



him, for he hath no portion and inheritance 
witli thee. 

-'* ' At the end of three years thou dost bring 
out all the tithe of thine increase in that year, 
and hast placed it within thy gates; ^and 
come in hath the Jjcvite (for he hath no pait 
anil inheritance with thee), and the sojourner, 
and the fatherless, and the ^vidow, who are 
within thy gates, and they have eaten, and 
been satisfied, so that Jehovah thy God dotli 
bless thee in all the work of thy hand which 
thou dost. 

XV. 1 ' AT the end of seven years thou dost 
make a release, "and this is the matter of the 
release: Every o^vuer of a lo.an is to release 
his hand which he doth lift up against his 
neighbour, he doth not exact of his neighbour 
and of his brother, but hath proclaimed a 
release to Jehovah; *of the strana;er thou 
mayest exact, and that which is thine with 
thy brother doth thy hand release; •*only 
when there is no needy one with thee, for 
Jehovah doth gi-eatly bless thee in the land 
which Jehovah thy God is giving to thee — an 
inheritance to ])0ssess it. 

" ' Only, if thou dost diligently liearken to 
the voice of Jehovah thy God, to observe to 
do all this command which I am commanding 
thee to-day, ^ for Jehovah thy God hath bless- 
ed thee as He hath spoken to thee ; and thou 
liast lent to many nations, and thou hast not 
borrowed ; and thou hast ruled over many 
nations, and over thee they do not rule. 

'' ' Wlien there is with thee any needy one 
of one of thy brethren, in one of thy cities, in 
thy land which Jehovah thy God is giving to 
thee, thou dost not harden tliy heart, nor shut 
thy hand from thy needy brother ; ^ for thou 
dost certainly open thy hand to him, and dost 
certainly lend him sufficient for his lack which 
lie lacketh. 

"' Take heed to thee lest there be a word 
in thy heart — worthless, saying, Near is the 
seventh year, the year of release; and thine 
eye is evil against thy needy brother, and thou 
dost not give to hini, and he hath called con- 
cerning thee unto Jehovah, and it hath l>ecn 
in thee sin; i^thou dost certainly give to him, 
and thy heart is not sad in thy giving to him, 
for because of this thing doth Jehovah thy 
God bless thee in all thv works, and in everj' 
liutting forth of thy hand ; i' because the needy 
one doth not cease out of the land, therefore 
I am commanding thee, saying. Thou dost cer- 
tainly o]ien thy liaud to thy brother, to thy 
poor, and to thy needy one, in thy land. 

12 ♦ ^Vllen thy brother is sold to thee, a 
Hebrew or a Hebrewess, and he hath served 
thee six years— then in the seventh year thou 
dost send him awav free from thee. '•' And 
when thou dost sendi him away free from tliee, 
thou dost not send him away empty ; ^^ thou 
dost certainly encircle him out or thy flock, 
and out of thy threshing-floor, and out of thy 
wine-vat; o/ that which Jehovah tliyGod liatn 
blessed thee thou dost give to him, " and thou 
hast rememT)ercd that a servant thou hast becD 
in tlie land of Eg>'])t, and Jehovah thy God 
doth ransom thee ; therefore I am command- 
ing thee this thing to-day. 



Yearly feasts. 



XV. 16. -DEUTERONOMY, -x vir. 6. A uthority of the, judges. 



1^ ' And it hath been, when he saith nnto 
thee, I go not out from thee — because he hath 
loved thee, and thy house, because it is good 
for liim with thee — i" then thon liaat taken 
the awl, and hast put it through his ear, and 
through the door, and he hath been to thee 
a servant age-during; and also to thy hand- 
maid thou dost do so. 

18 ' It is not hard in thine eyes, in thy 
sending him away free from thee; for the 
double of the hire of an hireling he hath 
served thee six years, and Jehovah thy God 
hath blessed thee in all that thou dost. 

IS ' Every firstling that is born in thy herd 
and in thy flock — the male thou dost sanctify 
to Jehovah thy God ; thou dost not work with 
the firstling of thine ox, nor shear the first- 
ling of thy flock ; -^ before Jehovah thy God 
thou dost eat it year by year, in the place 
which Jehovah doth choose, thou and thy 
house. 

-1 ' And when there is in it a blemish, lame, 
or blind, any evil blemish, thou dost not sacri- 
fice it to Jehovah thy God ; -" within thy 
gates tliou dost eat it, the unclean and the 
clean alike, as the roe, and as the hai-t. 
^ Only, its blood thou dost not eat ; on the 
earth thou dost pour it as water, 

XVI. 1 ' OBSERVE the month of Abib— 
and thou hast made a passover to .Jehovah 
thy God, for in the month of Abib hath Je- 
hovah thy God brought thee out of Egypt by 
night ; ^ and thou hast sacrificed a passover 
to Jehovah thy God, of the flock, and of the 
herd, in the place which Jehovah doth choose 
to cause His name to tabernacle there. 

^ ' Thou dost not eat with it any fermented 
thing, seven days thou dost eat with it un- 
leavened things, bread of affliction ; for in 
haste thou hast come out of the land of Egypt ; 
so that thou dost remember the day of tliy 
coming out of the laud of Egypt all days of 
thy life; '•and there is not seen with thee 
leaven in all thy border seven days, and there 
doth not remain of the flesh which thou 
dost sacrifice at evening on the first day till 
morning. 

^ 'Thou art not able to sacrifice the pass- 
over within any of thy gates which .Jehovah 
thy God is giving to thee, ® except at the place 
which Jehovah thy God doth choose to cause 
His name to tabernacle — there thou dost sa- 
crifice the passover in the evening,= at the go- 
ing in of the sun, the season of thy coming out 
of Egypt ; ^ and thou hast cooked and eaten 
in the place on which Jehovah thy God doth 
fix, and hast turned in the morning, and 
gone to thy tents ; ^ six days thou dost eat 
unleavened things, and on the seventh day 
is a restraint to Jehovah thy God ; thou dost 
do no work. 

* ' Seven weeks thou dost number to thee; 
from the beginning of the sickle among the 
standing corn thou dost begin to number 
seven weeks, ^^and thou hast made the 
feast of weeks to Jehovah thy God, a tribute 
of a free-wiU offering of thy hand, which thou 
dost give, as Jehovah thy God doth bless 
thee. " And thoii hast rejoiced before Jeho- 
vah thy God, thou, and thy son, and tliy 



daughter, and tliy man-servant, and thy 
liand-maid, and the Levite who is wthin 
thy gates, and the sojourner, and the father- 
less, and the widow, who are in thy midst, 
in the place which Jehovali thy God doth 
choose to cause His name to tabernacle there, 
^■■^and thou hast remembered that a servant 
thou hast been in Egypt, and hast observed 
and done these statutes. 

13 'The feast of booths thou dost make 
for thee seven days, in thine in-gathering 
of thy threshing-floor, and of thy wine-vat ; 
"and thou hast rejoiced in thy feast, thou, 
and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy man- 
servant, and thy hand-maid, and tlie Levite, 
and tlie sojourner, and the fatherless, and 
and the widow, who are within thv gates. 
1^ Seven days thou dost feast before Jehovah 
thy God, in the place which Jehovah doth 
choose, for Jehovah thy God doth bless thee 
in all tliine increase, and in eveiy work of 
thy hands, and thou hast been only rejoicing. 

1^ ' Three times in a year doth every one of 
thy males appear before Jehovali thy God in 
the place which He doth choose — in the feast 
of unleavened things, and in the feast of 
weeks, and in the feast of booths ; and they 
do not appear before Jehovah empty ; i'' each 
according to the gift of his hand^ according 
to the blessing of Jehovah thy God, which 
He hath given to thee. 

18 ' Judges and authorities thou dost make 
to thee within all thy gates which Je- 
hovah thy God is giving to thee, for thy 
tribes; and they have judged the people — a 
righteous judgment. i-'Thou dost not tm-n 
aside judgment; thou dost not discern faces, 
nor take a bribe, for the bribe blindeth the 
eyes of the wise, and perverteth the words of 
the righteous. -" Righteousness — righteous- 
ness thou dost pursue, so that thou livest, and 
hast possessed the land which Jehovah thy 
God is giving to thee. 

"1 ' Thou dost not plant for thee a shrine of 
anj^ trees near the altar of JehoA'^ah thy God, 
which thou makest for thyself, "•'-ana thou 
dost not raise up to thee any standing image 
which Jehovah thy God is hating. 

XVII. 1 'THOU dost not sacrifice to Je- 
hovah thy God ox or sheep in which there 
is a blemish— any evil thing ; for it is the abo- 
mination of Jehovah thy God. 

2 ' When there is found in thy midst, in one 
of thy cities which Jehovah thy God is giving 
to thee, a man or a woman who doth the evil 
thing in the eyes of Jehovah thy God by 
transgressing His covenant, * and he doth go 
and serve other gods, and doth bow himself 
to them, and to the sun, or to the moon, or to 
any of the host of the heavens, which I have 
not commanded — * and it hath been declared 
to thee, and thou hast heard, and hast search- 
ed diligently, and lo, truth ; the thing is esta- 
blished; this abomination hath been done in 
Israel — 

^ ' Then thou hast brought out that man, 
or that woman, who hath done this evil thing, 
unto thy gates — the man or the woman — and 
thou hast stoned them with stones, and they 
have died. ® By the mouth of two Avitnessea 
131 



Duties of a king. 



xvTi. '/. DEUTERONOMY.— xvrn. 22. The. propliet Itlce Moses. 



or of tliree witnesses is lio who is dead put 
to death ; lie is not put to death by the mouth 
of one witness ; " tlio liand of the witnesses is 
on liim, in the first jilace, to jiut liim to death, 
and the hand of all the people last; and 
thou hast put way the evil thing out of thy 
midst. 

* ' Wlien anything is too hard for thee for 
iudgment, between blood and blood, between 
plea and plea, and between stroke and stroke 
— matters of strife within thy gates — then 
thou hast risen, and gone up unto the place 
on which Jehovah thy God doth fix, ^ and 
hast come in unto the priests, the Levites, 
and unto the judge who is in those days, and 
hast inquired, and they have declared to thee 
the word of judgment, ^^ and thou hast done 
according to the tenor of the word which 
they declare to thee {they of that ]ilace which 
Jehovah doth choose; and thou hast ob- 
served to do according to all that they direct 
thee. 

^1 ' According to the tenor of the law which 
they direct thee, and according to the judg- 
ment which they say to thee thou dost do; 
thou dost not turn aside from the word which 
they declare to thee, right or left. ^'^ And the 
man who acteth with presumption, so as not 
to hearken unto the priest (who is standing to 
serve there Jehovah thy God), or unto the 
judge, even that man hath died, and thou 
nast put away the evil thing from Israel, 
'^ and all the people do hear and fear, and do 
not presume any more. 

M'Wlien thou comest in unto the land 
which Jehovah thy God is giving to thee, 
and hast possessed it, and dwelt in it, and 
thou hast said, Let me set over me a king like 
all the nations which'a?'e round about me, — 
'' thou dost certainly set over thee a king on 
whom Jehovah doth fix; from the midst of 
thy brethren thou dost set over thee a king ; 
thou art not able to set over thee a stranger, 
who is not thy brother. 

^^ ' Only, he doth not multiply to himself 
horses, nor cause the people to turn back to 
Egypt, so as to multiply horses, seeing Je- 
hovah hatli said to you, Ye do not add to 
turn back in this way any more. ^^ And he 
doth not multiply to himself wives, and his 
heart doth not turn aside, and silver and 
gold he doth not multiiily to himself— ex- 
ceedingly. 

^8 ' And it hath been, when he sitteth on 
the throne of his kingdom, that he hath 
^vritten for himself the copy of tliis law, 
on a book, from that before the priests the 
Levites, '"and it hath been with him, and he 
hath read in it all days of his life, so that he 
doth learn to fear Jehovah his God, to keep 
all the words of this law, and these statutes, 
to do them; ''"so that his heart is not high 
above his brethren, and so as not to turn 
aside from the command, right or left, so that 
he prolonfjeth days over his kingdom, he and 
his sons, in the midst of Israel. 

XyilL 1 'THERE is not to tlie priests the 

Jjevites — all the tribe of Levi — a portion 

and inheritance with Israel; fire-offerings of 

Jehovah, even His inheritance, they eat, -and 

132 



he hath no inheritance in the midst of hia 
brethren ; Jehovah Himself is his inheri- 
tance, as He hath spoken to him. 

^ ' And this is the priest's right from the 
people, from tliose sacrificing a sacrifice, 
whether ox or sheep, he hath even given to 
the priest the leg, and the two cheeks, and 
the stomach; ''the first of thy corn, of thy 
new wine, and of thine oil, and the first of 
the fleece of thy flock, thou dost give to him; 
''for on him hath Jehovah thy God fixed, out 
of all thy tribes, to stand to serve in the name 
of Jehovah, He and his sons continually. 

^ ' And when the Levite cometh from one 
of thy cities out of all Israel, where he hath 
sojourned, and hath come with all the desire 
of his soul unto the place which Jehovah 
doth choose, '' then he hath ministered in the 
name of Jehovah his God, lilve all his brethren, 
the Levites, who are standing there before 
Jehovah, ^portion as portion they do eat, 
apart from his sold things, with the fathers. 

^ ' When thou art coming in unto the land 
which Jehovah thy God is giving to thee, 
thou dost not learn to do according to the 
abominations of those nations : i" there is 
not found in thee one causing his son and 
his daughter to pass over into fire, a user of 
divinations, an observer of clouds, and an 
enchanter, and a sorcerer, ^^ and a charmer, 
and one asking at a familiar spirit, and a 
wizard, and one seeldng unto the dead. 

^" 'For the abomination of Jehovah is every 
one doing these, and because of these abom- 
inations is Jehovah thy God dispossessing 
them from thy presence. '^Perfect thou art 
with Jehovah thy God, '■^for these nations 
whom thou art possessing, unto observers of 
clouds, and unto diviners, do hearken; and 
thou — not so hath Jehovah thy God suffered 
thee. 

'^ ' A prophet out of thy midst, out of thy 
brethren, like to me, doth Jehovah thy God 
raise up to thee — unto him ye hearken; '"ac- 
cording to all that thou didst ask from Je- 
hovah thy God, in Horeb, in the day of the 
assembly, saying, Let me not add to liear the 
voice of Jehovah my God, and this great fire 
let me not see any more, and I die not ; ''' and 
Jehovah saith unto me. They have done well 
that they have sfioken ; '^ a prophet I raise 
up to them, out of the midst of their brethren, 
like to thee ; and I have given my words in 
his mouth, and he hath spoken imto them all 
that which I command him; "and it hath 
been — the man who doth not hearken unto 
My words which he doth speak in My name, 
I require it of him. 

-<• ' Only, the prophet who presumeth to 
speak a word in My name — that which I 
have not commanded him to speak — and who 
siieaketh in the name of other gods — even 
that prophet hath died. 

-' ' And when thou sayest in_ thy heart, 
How do we know the word which Jehovah 
hath not sjiokeu ?—'-'- that which the iirophet 
sT)eaketh in the name of Jehovah, and the 
thing is not, and cometh not — it is the word 
wliich Jehovah hath not spoken ; in presump- 
tion hath the prophet spoken it;— thou art 
not afraid of him. 



The cities of refuge. 



XIX. 1.— DEUTERONOMY.— XX. 16. 



Laws in time of war. 



' XIX. 1 ' WHEN Jehovah thy God doth 
cut off the nations, whose land Jehovah thy 
God is gi\'ing to thee, and thou hast succeeded 
them, and dwelt in their cities, and in their 
houses, 2 three cities thou dost separate for 
thee in the midst of thy land which Jehovah 
thy God is giving to thee to possess it. * Thou 
dost prepare for thee the way, and hast di- 
vided into three parts the border of thy land 
which Jehovah thy God doth cause thee to 
inherit, and it hath been for the fleeing 
thither of every man-slayer. 

* ' And this is the matter of the man-slayer 
who rieeth thither, and hath lived : He who 
smiteth his neighbour unknowingly, and 
is not hating him heretofore, ^even he who 
cometh in with his neighbour into a forest to 
hew wood, and his hand hath driven with an 
axe to cut the tree, and the iron hath slipped 
from the wood, and hath met his neighbour, 
and he hath died — he doth flee unto one of 
these cities, and hath lived, ^ lest the re- 
deemer of blood pursue after the man-slayer 
when his heart is hot, and hath overtaken 
him (because the way is great), and hath 
smitten him — the lifCj and he hath no sen- 
tence of death, for he is not hating hinn here- 
tofore ; 7 therefore I am commanding thee, say- 
ing, Three cities thou dost, separate to thee. 

" ' And if Jehovah thy God doth enlarge 
thy border as He hath sworn to thy fathers, 
and hath given to thee all the land which He 
hath spoken to give to thy fathers — ^ when 
thou keepest all this command to do it, which 
I am commanding thee to-day, to love Je- 
hovah thy God, and to walk in His ways all 
the days — then thou hast added to thee yet 
three cities to these three; ^•'and innocent 
blood is not shed in the midst of thy land 
which Jehovah thy God is giving to thee — an 
inheritance, and there hath been upon thee 
blood. 

" ' And when a man is hating his neigh- 
bour, and hath lain in wait for him, and 
risen against him, and smitten him — the life, 
and he hath died, and he hath fled imto que 
of these cities, ^-then the elders of his city 
have sent and taken him from thence, and 
given him into the hand of the redeemer of 
blood, and he hath died; i^ thine eye hath 
no pity on him, and thou hast put away the 
innocent blood from Israel, and it is well with 
thee. 

\* ' Thou dost not remove a border of thy 
neighbour, which they of former times have 
made, in thine inheritance, which thou dost 
inherit in the land which Jehovah thy God is 
giving to thee to possess it. 

^* ' One witness doth not rise against a man 
for any iniquity, and for any sin, in any sin 
which he sinneth ; by the mouth of two wit- 
nesses, or by the mouth of three witnesses, is 
a thing established. 

^^ ' When a violent witness doth rise against 
a man, to testify against him apostacy, ^'' then 
have both the men who have the strife stood 
before Jehovah, l)efore the x^riests and the 
judges who arc in those days, i** and tlie 
judges have searched diligently, and lo, the 
witness is a false witness, a falsehood he hath 
testified against his brother : 



^^ ' Then ye have done to him as he devised 
to do to his brother, and thou hast put away 
the evil thin^ out of thy midst, -" and those 
who are left do hear and fear, and add not to 
do any more according to this evil thing in 
thy midst ; -^ and thine eye doth not pity — 
life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand 
for hand, foot for foot. 

XX. I'WHEN thou goest out to battle 
against thine enemy, and hast seen horse and 
chariot — a people more numerous than thou 
— thou art not afraid of them, for Jehovah 
thy God is with thee, who is bringing thee 
up out of the land of Egypt; ^and it hath 
been, in your drawing near imto the battle, 
that the priest hath come nigh, and spoken 
unto the people, ^and said unto them. Hear, 
Israel, ye are drawing near to-day to battle 
against your enemies, let not your hearts be 
tender, fear not, nor make haste, nor be terri- 
fied at their presence, *for Jehovah your God 
is He who is going with you, to fighib for you 
with your enemies — to save you. 

^ 'And the authorities have spoken unto 
the people, saying. Who is the man that hath 
built a new house, and hath not dedicated 
it? — let him go and turn back to his house, 
lest he die in battle, and another man dedi- 
cate it. 

^ ' And who is the man that hath planted a 
vineyard, and hath not made it common ?— 
let him go and turn back to his house, lest 
he die in battle, and another man make it 
common. 

^ 'And who is the man that hath betrothed 
a woman, and hath not taken her? — let him 
go and turn back to his house, lest he die in 
battle, and another man take ner. 

^ ' And the authorities have added to speak 
imto the people, and said. Who is the man 
that is afraid and tender of heart? — let him 
go and turn back to his house, and the heart 
of his brethren doth not melt like his heart ; 
' and it hath come to pass as the authorities 
finish to speak unto the people, that they 
have appointed princes of the hosts at the 
head of the people. 

10 ' Wlien thou drawest near unto a city to 
fight against it, then thou hast called un- 
to it for Peace, ^^ and it hath been, if Peace 
it answer thee, and hath opened to thee, 
then it hath come to i:)ass — all tlie })eople who 
are foimd in it are to thee for tributaries, and 
have served thee. 

12 ' And if it doth not make peace with 
thee, and hatli made with thee war, then 
thou hast laid siege against it, ^^and Jeho- 
vah thy God hath given it into thy hand, 
and thou hast smitten every male of it by 
the mouth of the sword. "Only, the wo- 
men, and the infants, and the cattle, and all 
that is in the city, aU its spoil, thou dost seize 
.forthyself, and thou hast eaten the spoil of 
thine enemies which Jehovah thy God hath 
given to thee. ^^ So thou dost do to all the 
cities which are very far oft' from thee, which 
are not of the cities of these nations. 

i« 'Only, of the cities of these peoples 
which Jehovah thy God is giviag to thee /or 
an inheritance, thou dost not keep alive any 
133 



0/ uncertain murder. 



XX. 17.— DEUTERONOMY.— XXII. 7. 



The ivicked soit. 



breathing; "for thou dost certainly devote 
the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, 
and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Je- 
busite, as Jehovah thy God hath commanded 
thee, "so that they teach you not to do ac- 
cording to all their abominations which they 
have done to their gods, and ye have sinned 
against Jehovah your God. 

'^ ' When thou layest siege unto a city 
many days, to fight against it, to capture it, 
thou dost not destroy its trees to force an 
axe against them, for of them thou dost eat, 
and them thou dost not cut down — for man's 
is the tree of the field — to go in at thy pres- 
ence in the siege. ™ Only, the tree, which 
thou knowest that it is not a fruit-tree, 
it thou dost destroy, and hast cut down, 
and hast built a bulwark against the city 
which is making with thee war till thou hast 
subdued it. 

XXI. ' ' WHEN one is found slain on the 
ground which Jehovah thy God is giving to 
thee to possess it — fallen in a field — it is not 
known who hath smitten him, ''then have 
thine elders and thy judges gone out and 
measured unto the cities which are round 
about the slain one, ^aud it hath been, the 
city which is near unto the slain one, even 
the elders of that city have taken a heifer of 
the herd, which hath not been wrought with, 
which hath not di-awn in the yoke, ■* and the 
elders of that city have brought down the 
heifer unto a hard valley, which is not tilled 
nor sown, and have beheaded there the heifer 
in the valley. 

° ' And the priests, sons of Levi, have come 
nigh — for on them hath Jehovah thy God 
fixed to serve Him, and to bless in the name 
of Jehovah, and by their mouth is every 
strife, and every stroke — " and all the elders 
of that city, who are near unto the slain one, 
do wash their hands over the heifer which 
is beheaded in the valley, 'and they have 
answered and said. Our hands have not shed 
this blood, and our eyes have not seen — 
" receive atonement for Thy people Israel, 
whom Thou hast ransomed, O Jehovah, and 
suffer not innocent blood in the midst of 
Thy p)eople Israel ; and the blood hath been 
pardoned to them, "and thou dost put away 
the innocent blood out of thy midst, for 
thou dost that which is right in the eyes of 
Jehovah. 

10 i ■\yiien thou goest out to battle against 
thine enemies, and Jehovah thy God hath 
given them into thy hand, and thou hast 
taken captive its captivity, "and hast seen in 
the captivity a woman of fair form, and hast 
delighted in her, and hast taken to thee for 
a wife, 'Hhen thou hast brought her in unto 
the midst of thy household, and she hath 
shaved her head, and prepared her nails, 
"and turned aside the raiment of her capti- 
vity from off her, and hath dwelt in thy house, 
and bewailed her father and her niotlier a 
month of days, and afterwards thou dost go 
in unto her and hast married her, and she 
hath been to thee for a wife : 

'* ' And it hath been— if thou hast not de- 
lighted in her, that thou hast sent hor away 
134 



at her desire, and thou dost not at all sell her 
for money ; thou dost not tyrannize over her, 
because that thou hast humbled her. 

15 ' When a man hath two wives, the one loved 
and the other hated, and they have borne to 
him sons (the loved one and the hated one), 
and the first-born son hath been to the hated 
one; ^^then it hath been, in the day of hia 
causing his sons to inherit that which he hath, 
he is not able to declare first-born the son of the 
loved one, in the face of the son of the hated one 
— the first-born. ^'^ But the first-born, son of 
the hated one, he doth acknowledge, to give 
to him a double portion of all that is found 
with him, for he is the beginning of his 
strength ; to him is the right of the fu-st-born. 

18 ' When a man hath a son apostatizing and 
rebellious — he is not hearkening to the voice 
of his father, and to the voice of his mother, 
and they have chastised liim, and he doth not 
hearken imto them — ^^ then laid hold on him 
have his father and his mother, and they have 
brought liim out unto the elders of his city, 
and unto the gate of his place, -" and have 
said imto the elders of his city. Our son-j-this 
one — is apostatizing and rebellioxis ; he is not 
hearkening to our voice — a glutton and drunk- 
ard ; -1 and all the men of his city have stoned 
him with stones, and he hath died, and thou 
hast put away the evil out of thy midst, and 
all Israel do near and fear. 

" ' And when there is in a man a sin — a 
cause of death, and he hath been put to 
death, and thou hast hanged him on a tree, 
^ his corpse doth not remain on the tree, for 
thou dost certainly bury him in that day— for 
a thing lightly esteemed of God is the hanged 
one — and thou dost not defile thy ground 
which Jehovah thy God is giving to thee— an 
inheritance. 

XXII. 1 ' THOU dost not see the ox of thy 
brother or his sheep driven away, and 
hast hidden thyself from them, thou dost 
certainly turn them back to thy brother; 
- and if thy brother is not near imto thee, 
and thou hast not known him, theu thou hast 
removed it unto the midst of thy house, and 
it hath been with thee tiU thy brother seek 
it, and thou hast given it back to him ; ^ and 
so thou dost to his ass, and so thou dost to 
his garment, and so thou dost to any lost 
thing of thy brother's, which is lost by him, 
and thou hast f oxmd it ; thou art not able to 
hide thyself. 

* ' Thou dost not see the ass of thy brother, 
or his ox, falling in the way, and hast 
hid thyself from them; thou dost certainly 
raise (hem up with him. 

* ' The habiliments of a man are not on a 
woman, nor doth a man put on the garment 
of a woman, for the abomination of Jehovah 
thy God is auy one doing these. 

" ' When a bird's nest cometh before thee 
iu the way, in any tree, or on the earth, 
iirood or eggs, and' the mother sitting on the 
])rood or on the eggs, thou dost not take the 
mother with the young ones ; '' thou dost cer- 
tainly send away the mother, and the young 
ones dost take to thyself, so that it is well 
with thee, and thou hast prolonged days. 



Of fornication. 



XXII. 8.— DEUTEllONOMY.— xxiii. 16. Cleanliness enjoined. 



8 ' Wlieu tliou biiildest a new house, tlieu 
thou hast made a parapet to thy roof, aud 
thou dost not put blood ou thy house wheu 
one falleth from it. 

3 ' Thou dost not sow thy vineyard mth 
divers things, lest the fulness of the seed 
which thou dost sow, aud the increase of the 
vineyard, be separated. 

1" ' Thou dost not plow with an ox and with 
an ass together. 

11 'Thou dost not put on a mixed cloth, 
wool and lineu together. 

12 ' Fringes thou dost make to thee on 
the four skirts of thy covering with which 
thou dost cover thyself. 

13 ' When a man taketh a wife, aud hath 
gone in imto her, and hated her, !■* and laid 
against her actions of words, and brouglit 
out against her an evil name, and said. This 
woman I have taken, and I draw near unto 
her, and I have not found in her tokens of 
virginity: 

1^ ' Then hath the father of the damsel — 
and her mother— taken and brought out the 
tokens of virginity of the damsel unto the 
elders of the city in the gate, i'' and the father 
of the damsel hath said unto the elders. My 
daughter I have given to this man for a wife, 
aud he doth hate her; i^ aud lo, he hath laid 
actions of words, saying, I have not found to 
thy daughter tokens of virginity — and these 
are the tokens of the virginity of my daugh- 
ter! and they have spread out the garment 
before the elders of the city. 

18 ' And the elders of that city have taken 
the man, aud chastise him, i^ and lined him a 
iiundred silverlings, aud given to the father of 
the damsel, because he hath broiight out an 
evil name on a virgin of Israel, and she is to 
him for a wife, he is not able to send her away 
all his days. 

^" ' And if this thing hath been truth— to- 
kens of virginity have not been found for the 
damsel — -i theu they liave brought out the 
damsel unto the opening of her father's house, 
and stoned her have the meu of her city with 
stones, and she hath died, for she hath done 
folly in Israel, to go a-whoring i7i her father's 
house ; and thou hast put away the evil thing 
out of tliy midst. 

"" ' When a man is found lying with a wo- 
man, maiTied to a hiisband, theu tliey have 
died even both of them, the man who is lying 
with the woman, also the woman ; and thou 
hast put away the evil thing out of Israel. 

23 'when there is a damsel, a virgin, be- 
trothed to a mau, aud a man hath found her 
in a city, and lain with her; "^then ye have 
brought them both out unto the gate of that 
city, and stoned them with stones, and they 
have died: — the damsel, because that she 
hath not cried, heluff in a city ; and the man, 
because that he hath humbled his neighboiir's 
wife ; and thou hast put away the evil thing 
out of thy midst. 

-" ' And if in a field the man find the damsel 
who is betrothed, and the mau hath laid hold 
on her, and lain with her, then hatli the man 
who hath lain with her died alone ; ~f aud to 
the damsel thou dost not do anything, the 
damsel hath no deadly sin ; for as a man ris- 



eth against his neighbour and hath murdered 
him— the life, so is this thing ; ^7 for {^ ^ ^g]^ 
he found her, she hath cried— the damsel who 
is betrothed — and she hath no saviour. 

^ ' When a mau findeth a damsel, a virgin 
who is not betrothed, and liath caught her, 
and lain with her, and they have been found, 
29 then hath the man who is lying with her 
given to the father of the damsel fifty silver- 
lings, and to him she is for a wife ; because 
that he hath humbled her, he is not able to 
send her away all his days. 

30 ' A man cloth not take his father's wife, 
nor imcover his father's skirt. 

XXIII. 1 ' ONE wounded, bruised, or cut 
in tlie member doth not enter into the assem- 
bly of Jehovah; ^ a bastard doth not enter into 
the assembly of Jehovah ; even a tenth gene- 
ration of him doth not enter into the assem- 
bly of Jehovah. 

^ *An Ammonite and a Moabite doth not 
enter into the assembly of Jehovah ; even a 
tenth generation of them doth not enter into 
the assembly of Jehovah — to the age; ''be- 
cause that they have not come before you 
v\ith bread and with water in the way, in 
your coming out from Egypt, and because he 
hath hired against thee Balaam son of Beor, 
of Pethor of Aram-Naharaim, to revile thee ; 
^ aud Jehovah tliy God hath not been willing 
to hearken unto Balaam, and Jehovah thy 
God doth turn for thee the reviling to a bless- 
ing, because Jehovah thy God hath loved 
thee ; *> thou dost not seek their peace and 
their good all thy days— to the age. 

7 ' Thou dost not abominate an Edomite, 
for thy brother he is; thou dost not abomi- 
nate an Egyijtian, for a soi'ourner thou hast 
been in his land ; ^ sons wlio are begotten of 
them, a third generation of them, doth enter 
into the assembly of Jehovah. 

^ ' When a camp goeth out against thine 
enemies, then thou hast kept from every evil 
thing. 

1" ' When there is in thee a man who is not 
clean, from an accident at night — then he 
hath gone out imto the outside of the camp — 
he doth not come in unto the midst of the 
camp — 11 and it hath been, at the turning of 
the evening, he doth bathe with water, and at 
the going in of the sim he doth come in unto 
the midst of the camp. 

1" ' And a station thou hast at the outside 
of the camp, and thou hast gone out thither 
without, 1^ and a nail thou hast on thy staff, 
and it hath been, iu thy sitting without, that 
thou hast digged with it, and turned back, 
and covered thy filth ; i^ for Jehovah thy God 
is walking up and down iu the midst of thy 
cam]), to deliver thee, and to give thine ene- 
mies before thee, and thy camp liath been 
holy, and He doth not see in thee the naked- 
ness of anything, and hath turned back from 
after tliee. 

I'' ' Tliou dost not shut up a servant ttnto 
his lord, who is delivered unto thee from his 
lord ; 1" with thee he doth dwell, in thy midst, 
in the place which he ehooseth within one of 
thy gates, v/here it is pleasing to him; thou 
dost not oppress him. 

135 



Law of divorce, l-c. 



xxiii. 17.— DEUTERONOMY.— XXV. 5. 



Justice and (jcneroaity. 



'" ' There is not a wliore among the daugh- 
ters of Israel, nor is there a whoremonger 
among the sons of Israel ; ^^ thou dost not 
bring a gift of a whore, or a price of a dog, 
into the house of Jehovah thy God, for any 
vow ; for the abomination oit Jehovah thy 
God are even both of them. 

^' ' Thou dost not lend in usury to thy bro- 
ther; usviry of money, usury of food, usury 
of anything which is lent on usuj-y. ^ To a 
stranger thou mayest lend in usury, and to 
thy brother thou dost not lend in usui-y, so 
that Jehovah tliy God doth bless tliee in every 
putting forth of thy hand on the land whither 
thou goest in to possess it. 

^^ ' When thou vowest a vow to Jehovah 
thy God, thou dost not delay to complete it; 
for Jehovah thy God doth certainly require 
it from thee, and it hath been in thee — sin. 

"" _' And when thou f orbearest to vow. it is 
not in thee a sin. "^ The produce of thy lips 
thou dost keep, and hast done it, as thou 
liast vowed to Jehovah thy God; a free- 
will-offering, which thou liast spoken with 
thy mouth. 

^ ' When thou comest in imto the vine- 
yard of thy neighbour, then thoii hast eaten 
grapes, according to thy desire, thy suffici- 
ency; but into thy vessel thou dost not put 
any. _ ^ Wlien thou comest iu among the 
standing-corn of thy neighbour, then thou 
hast plucked the ears with thy hand, but a 
sickle thou dost not wave over the standing- 
corn of thy neighbour. 

XXrV. 1 'WHEN a man doth take a wife, 
and hath married her, and it hath been, 
if she doth not find grace in his eyes (for he 
hath found in her nakedness of anything), 
and he hath written for her a writing of di- 
vorce, and given it into her hand, and sent 
her out of his house, - and she hath gone out 
of his house, and hath gone and been another 
man's, ^ and the latter man hath hated her, 
and wi'itten for her a writing of divorce, 
and given it into her hand, and sent her 
out of his house, or when the latter man 
dieth, who hath taken licr to himself for 
a wife: 

* ' Her former husband who sent her away 
is not able to turn back to take her to be to 
him for a wife, after tliat she hath become 
defiled; for an abomination it is before Je- 
hovali, and thou dost not cause the land to 
sin which Jchovali thy God is giving to thee 
— an inheritance. 

5 ' When a man taketli a new wife, he doth 
not go out into the liost, and one doth not 
pass over unto him for anything; free he is 
at his own house one vear, and hath rejoiced 
his wife whom he hath_ taken. 

® ' None dotli take iu pledge mill-stones, 
and rider, for life it is he is taking in pledge. 

^ 'WHien a man is found stealing a person, 
of liis brethren, of the sons of Israel, and 
hath tyrannized over him, and sold him, then 
hath that thief died, and thou hast imt away 
the evil thing owX, of thy midst. 

* 'Take hoed, in the. plagne f)f lejtro.sy, to 
watch greatly, and to do acconliug to all tliat 
the priests, the Lcvites, teach you; as I have 
136 



commanded them ye observe to do ; ' remem- 
ber that wliich Jehovah thy God hath done 
to Miriam in the way, in your coming out of 
Egypt. 

'■^ Wlien thou 1 if test up on thy brother a 
debt of anything, thou dost not go in imto his 
house to obtain liis pledge ; ^^ at the outside 
thou dost stand, and the man on whom thou 
art lifting it up is bringing out unto thee the 
pledge at the outside. 

^2 'And if he is a poor man, thou dost not 
lie do\vn with his pledge ; " thou dost cer- 
tainly give back to him the pledge at the 
going in of the sim, and he hath lain down 
in his owm raiment, and hath blessed thee; 
and to thee it is righteousness before Jehovah 
thy God. 

" 'Thou dost not oppress a hireling, poor 
and needy, of thy brethren or of thy sojourner 
who is in thy land Avithin thy gates; ^^in 
his day thou dost give his hire, and the sun 
doth not go in upon it, for he is ]ioor, and 
imto it he is lifting up his soul, and he doth 
not cry against thee unto Jehovah, and it 
hath been in thee — sin, 

^•^ ' Fathers are not put to death for sons, 
and sons are not put to death for fathers — 
each for his own sin, they are put to death. 
. 1'' 'Tliou dost not turn aside the judgment 
of a fatherless sojourner, nor take in pledge 
the garment of a widow; ^^and thou hast 
remembered that a servant thou hast been in 
Egypt, and Jehovah thy God doth ransom 
thee from thence ; therefore I am command- 
ing thee to do this thing. 

19 'Wlien thou rea])est thy harvest in thv 
field, and hast forgotten a sheaf in a field, 
thou dost not turn back to take it ; to the 
sojourner, to the fatherless, and to the ^idow, 
it is; so that Jehovah thy God doth bless 
thee in all the work of thy hands. 

-*' Wlien thou beatest thine olive, thou 
dost not examine the branch behind thee; 
to the sojourner, to the fatherless, and to the 
widow, it is. 

^ ' Wlicn thou cuttest thy vineyard, thou 
dost not glean behind thee; to the sojourner, 
to the fatherless, and to the -wadow, it is; 
-"and thou hast remembered that a servant 
thou hast been in the land of Egypt ; there- 
fore I am commanding thee to do tliis thing. 

XXV. 1 ' WHEN there is a strife between 
men, and they have come nigh unto the judg- 
ment, and they have judged, and declared 
righteous the righteous, and declared wrong 
the Avi-ong-docr, -then it hath come to pass, 
if the -wTong-doer is to be smitten, that the 
judge liatli caused him to fall down, and one 
hath smitten him in his presence, according 
to the sufiicicncy of his •wrong-doing, by nunj- 
ber; ^ forty times lie doth smite him — he is 
not adding, lest, lie is adding to smite hira 
above these— many stripes, and thy brother 
is lightly esteemed in thine eyes. 

* 'Thou dost not muzzle au ox in its thresh- 
ing. 

•''''^\^lcn brothn^i dwell togothor, and one 
of them hath died, and hntli no son, ilio >vife 
of the dea<l is iiotr (vilhoiit to a .stiaiige man ; 
her liusband's brother doth go iu unto hor, 



Amalck to be destroyed. xxv. 6.— DEUTERONOMY.— xxvii. 3. First-fmits and titties. 



aucl liatli taken licr to liim for a wife, and 
cloth perform the duty of her husband's bro- 
ther ; ^ and it hath been, the first-born which 
she beareth doth rise for the name of his 
dead brother, and his name is not wiped away 
out of Israel. 

' ' And if the man doth not delight to take 
his brother's wife, then hath his brother's 
wife gone up to the gate, unto the elders, and 
said, My husband's brother is refusing to 
raise up to his brother a name in Israel ; he 
hath not been willing to perform the duty of 
my husband's brother ; ^ and the elders of his 
city have called for him, and spoken imto 
him, and he hath stood and said, I have no 
desire to take her ; 

^ ' Then hath his brother's wife di-awn nigh 
unto him, before the eyes of the elders, and 
drawn his shoe from off his foot, and spat in 
liis face, and answered and said. Thus it is 
done to the man wlio doth not build up the 
house of his brother; i" and his name hath 
been called in Israel— The house of him whose 
shoe is drawn off. 

^^'When men strive together, one with 
another, and the wife of the one hath drawn 
near to deliver her husband out of the hand 
of his smiter, and hath piit forth her hand, 
and laid hold on his secrets, ^ then thou hast 
cut off her hand, thine eye doth not spare. 

^* ' Thou hast not in thy ba"_^a stone and a 
stone, a great and a small. ^''Thou hast not 
iu thy house an ephah and an ephah, a great 
and a small. ^^ Thou hast a stone complete 
and just, thou hast an ephah complete and just, 
80 that they prolong thy days on the ground 
which Jehovah thy God is giving to thee; 
^^ for the abomination of Jehovah thy God i« 
any one doing these tilings, any one doing ini- 
quity. 

1^ ' Remember that which Amalek hath done 
to thee in the way, in your going out from 
Egypt, ^^ that he liath met thee in the way, 
and smiteth in all those feeble behind thee 
(and thou wearied and fatigued), and is not 
fearing God- ^^ And it hath been, in Jehovah 
thy God's giving rest to thee, from all thine 
enemies round about, in the land which Je- 
hovah thy God is giving to thee — an inherit- 
ance to possess it — ^thou dost blot out the re- 
memberance of Amalek from under the hea- 
vens thou dost not forget. 

XXVI. 1 ' AND it hath been, when thou 
comest in unto the land which Jehovah thy 
God is giving to thee — an inheritance, and 
thou hast possessed it, and dwelt in it, - that 
thou hast taken of the first of all the fruits of 
the groimd which thou dost bring in out of 
thy land which Jehovah thy God is giving to 
thee, and hast put it iu a l)asket, and gone 
unto the place which Jehovah thy God doth 
choose to c.ause His name to tabernacle there. 

3 ' Ajid thou hast come in unto the priest 
who is in those days, and hast said unto him, 
I have declared to-day to Jehovah thy God, 
that I have come in unto the land which Je- 
hovah hath sworn to our fathers to give to us ; 
*aud the priest hath taken the basket out of 
thy hand, and placed it before the altar of 
Jehovah thy God. 



* ' And thou hast answei'ed and said before 
Jehovah thy God, A perishing Aramaean i» 
my father ! and he goeth down to Egypt, and 
sojourneth there with few men, and becometh 
there a nation, great, mightyj and numerous ; 
" and the Egjrptians do us evil, and afflict us, 
and put on us hard service ; ^ and we cry unto 
Jehovah, God of our fathers, and Jehovah 
heareth our voice, and seeth our affliction, and 
our labour, and our oimression ; ^ and Jehovah 
bringeth us out from Egypt, by a strong hand, 
and by a stretched-out arm, and by great fear, 
and by signs, and by wonders, ^ and he bring- 
eth us in imto this place, and giveth to us this 
land — a land flowing with milk and honey. 

^^ ' And now, lo, I have brought in the first 
of the fruits of the ground which thou hast 
givento me, Jehovah ; — and thou hast placed 
it before Jehovah thy God, and bowed thy- 
self before Jehovah thy God, ^^ and rejoiced in 
all the good which Jehovah thy God hath 
given to thee, and to thy house, thou, and the 
Levite, and the sojoui'uer who is in thy midst. 

^^ ' When thou dost complete to tithe all 
the tithe of thine increase in the third year, 
the year of the tithe, then thou hast given to 
the Levite, to the sojourner, to the fatherless, 
and to the widow, and they have eaten with- 
in thy gates, and been satisfied, ^ and thou 
hast said before Jehovah thy God, I have 
put away the separated thin" out of the house, 
and also have given it to the Levite, and to 
the sojourner, and to the orphan, and to the 
widow, according to all Thy command which 
Thou nasc commanded me ; I have not passed 
over from Thy commands, nor have I for- 
gotten. ^'* I have not eaten in mdne afiiiction 
of it, nor have I put away of it for unclean- 
ness, nor have I given of it for the dead ; 1 
have hearkened to the voice of Jehovah my 
God ; I have done according to all that Thou 
hast commanded me ; ^^ look from Thy holy 
habitation, from the heavens, and bless Thy 
people Israel, and the groimd which Thou 
hast given to us, as Thou hast sworn to our 
fathers— a land flo\ving ivith milk and honey. 

1" 'This day Jehovah thy God is command- 
ing thee to do these statutes and judgments; 
and thou hast hearkened and done them with 
all thy heart, and with all thy soul, i'' Jehovah 
thou hast caused to promise to-day to become 
thy God, and to walk in His ways, and to 
k£ep His statutes, and His commands, and 
His judgments, and to hearken to His voice. 

18 ' And Jehovah hath caused thee to pro- 
mise to-day to become His people, a peculiar 
treasure, as He hath spoken to thee, and to 
keep all His commands ; ^^so as to make thee 
uppermost above aU the nations whom He 
hath made for a praise, and for a name, and 
for beauty, and for tliy being a holy people to 
Jehovah thy God, as He hath spoken. 

XXVII. 1 ' AND Moses— the elders of Is- 
rael also— commandeth the people, saying, 
Keep all the command which I am command- 
ing you to-day ; " and it hatli been, in the day 
that ye pass over the Jordan tuito the laud 
which Jehovah thy God is giving to thee, that 
thou hast raised up for thee great stones, and 
plaistered them with plaister, ^ and wi-ii^n 



The curses from Ebal. xxvii. 4.— DEUTERONOMY.— xxviii. 19. Promises from Gcrizzim. 



on them all the words of this law iu thy 
passing over, so that tliou Roest in unto the 
land which Jehovah thy God is griving to 
thee— a land flowing with milk and honey, 
as Jehovah, God of thy fathers, hath spoken 
to thee. 

* ' And it hath been, in your passinjr over 
the Jordan, ye raise up these stones which I 
am commandjng you to-day, in mount Ebal, 
and thou hast plaistered tnem with plaisfcer, 
* and built there an altar to Jehovah tny God, 
an altar: of stones, thou dost not wave over 
them iron. ^ Of complete stones thou build- 
est the altar of Jehovah thy God, and hast 
caused to ascend on it burnt-offerings to Je- 
hovah thy God, 7 and sacrificed peace-offer- 
ings, and eaten there, and rejoiced before 
Jehovah thy God, ^ and wiitten on the stones 
all the words of this law, well engraved.' 

'And Moses speaketh — the priests, the 
Levites, also — unto all Israel, saying, ' Keep 
silent, and hear, Israel, this day thou hast 
become a people to Jehovah thy Gotl; i" and 
thou hast nearkened to the voice of Jehovah 
thy God, and done His commands, and His sta- 
tutes, which I am commanding thee to-day.' 

^^ And Moses commandeth the people on 
that day, saying, ^- ' These do stand, to bless 
the people, on moimt Gerizzim, in your ])ass- 
ing over the Jordan : Simeon, and Levi, and 
Judah, and Issachar, and Joseph, and Ben- 
jamin. !•* And these do stand, for the revil- 
ing, on mount Ebal : Reuben, Gad, and Asher, 
and Zebulim, Dan, aud Naphtali. 

i'*'And the Levites have answered aud 
said unto every man of Israel — a loud voice : 

1^ ' Cursed is the man who maketh a graven 
and molten image, the abomination of Je- 
hovah, work of the hands of an artificer, 
and hath jjut it iu a secret place, — and all the 
people have answered and said. Amen. 

i" 'Cursed is he who is making light of his 
father and his mother, — and all the jjeople 
have said, Amen. 

1'' ' Cursed is he who is removing his neigh- 
bom-'s border, — and all the people have said, 
Amen. 

^* ' Cm'sed is he who is causing the blind to 
err in the way, — aud all the ijeople have said. 
Amen. 

^'■''Cursed ;«he who is turning aside the 
judgment of fatherless, sojoiu'uer, and widow, 
— and all the people have said, Anieu. 

"0 ' Cursed is he wlio is lying with his fa- 
ther's wife, for he hath uncovered his father's 
skirt, — aud all the peo])le liave said, Amen. 

"' ' Cursed is he who is lying with any beast, 
— and all the people have said, Amen. 

"^ ' Cursed is lie who is lying with his sister, 
davmhter of his father, or daughter of his 
mother, — and all the ijoo))ln have said, A.moii. 

-•*'Ciu-sc(l is he wlio is lying with his 
mother-in-law, — and all the people have said, 
Amen. 

^ ' Cursed is lie who is smiting his neigh- 
bour in secret, — and all the ])eople have said, 
A men. 

"''' Cursed is lie Avho is taking a bribe to 
smite a pcr.son, innocent blood, — and all the 
peoi)le have said. Amen. 

^^ ' Cui'sed ia he who doth not cataljlish the 
138 



words of tliis law, to do them, — and all the 
people have said, Amen. 

XXVin. 1 ' AND it hath been, if thou dost 
hearken diligently to the voice of Jehovah 
thy God, to observe to do all His commands 
which I am commanding thee to-day, that 
Jehovah thy God hath made thee uppermost 
above all the nations of the earth, ^ and all 
these blessings have come upon thee, and 
overtaken thee, because thou dost hearken to 
the voice of Jehovah thy God : 

■^ ' Blessed art thou in the city, and blessed 
art thou in the field. 

■* ' Blessed is the fnut of thy womb, and the 
fruit of thy gi'ound, and the fruit of thy 
cattle, increase of thine oxen, and wealth of 
thy flock. 

* ' Blessed is thy basket and thy kneading- 
trough. 

^ 'Blessed art thou in thy coming iu, aud 
blessed art thou in tliy going out. 

^ ' Jehovah giveth thine enemies, who are 
rising up against thee — smitten before thy 
face; in one way they come out unto thee, 
and in seven ways they fiee before thee. 

8 ' JehovaL coumiandeth with thee tlie bless- 
ing iu thy store-houses, aud in every putting 
forth of thy hand, aud hath blessed thee in the 
land which Jehovah thy God is giving to thee. 

^ 'Jehovah doth establish thee to Himself 
for a holy people, as He hath sworn to thee, 
when thou keepest the coumiands of Jehovali 
thy God, and liast walked in His ways ; i" and 
all the xieoples of the land have seen that the 
uame of Jehovah is called upon thee, and 
they have been afraid of thee. 

^^ ' And Jehovah hath made thee abundant 
in good, in the fnut of thy womb, and in the 
fruit of thy cattle, and iu the fruit of thy 
groimd, on the ground which Jehovah hath 
sworn to thy fathers to give to thee. 

^^ ' Jehovah doth open to thee his good trea- 
sure — the heavens— to give the rain of thy 
laud in its season, and to bless all the work 
of thy hand, and thou hast lent to many na- 
tions, and thou — thou dost not borrow. 

^■* ' And Jehovah hatli given thee for head, 
and not for tail; and thou hast been only 
above, and art not beneath, for thou dost hear- 
ken unto the commands of Jehovah thy God, 
which I am coimnauding thee to-day, to keep 
aud to do, ^•' aud thou dost not turn aside 
from all the words wliich I am commanding 
you to-day — right or left — to go after other 
gods, to serve them. 

15 ' And it hatli been, if thou doat not hear- 
ken unto the voice of Jeliovah thy (>od to 
observe to do all His commands, and His 
statutes, whicli I am coniinanding thee to- 
day, that all these res'ilings have come upon 
tliec, and overtaken tlice : 

1" ' Ciu'sed art tliou iu the city, and ciu'sed 
art thou in the field. 

'^ ' Cursed is thy basket aud thy kneading- 
trough. 

18 Cursed is the fruit of thy body, aud the 
fruit of tliy land, increase of thine oxen, aud 
wealth of tliy IIdcIc. 

'■• 'Ciu-sed art thou in thy coming in, aud 
cmsed art thou in thy going out. 



Threateniiujs m case xxviii. 20.— DEUTERONOMY.— xxvm. 56. of thdr disobedience. 



"" 'Jehovah doth send ou thee the ciirse, 
the trouble, and the rebuke, iu every putting 
forth of thy hand which thou dost, till thou 
art destroyed, and till thou perish hastily, 
because of the evil of thy doings by which 
thou hast forsaken Me. 

21 'Jehovah doth caiise to cleave to thee 
the iiestilence, till He consume thee from off 
the groimd whither thou art going in to pos- 
sess it. 

22 ' Jehovah doth smite thee with consump- 
tion, and with fever, and with inflammation, 
and with extreme burning, and with sword, 
and with blasting, and with mildew, and they 
have pursued thee till thou perish. 

^ 'And thy heavens which are over thy 
head have been brass, and the earth which 
is under thee iron ; ^ Jehovah giveth the rain 
of thy land — dust and ashes ; from the hea- 
vens it cometh down on thee till thou art 
destroyed. 

^ ' Jehovah givethjthee smitten before thine 
enemies; in one way thou goest out unto 
them, and in seven ways dost flee before 
them, and thou hast been for a trembling to 
all kingdoms of the earth; ^Saud thy car- 
case hath been for food to every fowl of the 
heavens, and to the beast of the earth, and 
there is none causing trembling. 

27 ' Jehovah doth smite thee wth the ulcer 
of Egypt, and with emerods, and with scurvy, 
and with itch, of which thou art not able to 
be healed. 

2^ 'Jehovah doth smite thee with mad- 
ness, and with blindness, and with astonish- 
ment of heart; 29 and thou hast been grop- 
ling at noon, as the blind gropeth in dark- 
ness; and thou dost not cause thy ways to 
prosper ; and thou hast been only oppressed 
and plundered all the days, and there is no 
saviour. 

'" 'A woman thou dost betroth, and an- 
other man doth lie with her; a house thou 
dost build, and dost not dwell in it ; a vine- 
yard thou dost plant, and dost not make it 
common; ^^ thine ox is slaughtered before 
thine eyes, and thou dost not eat of it ; thine 
ass is taken violently away from before thee, 
and it is not given back to thee ; thy sheep 
«»•«; given to thine enemies, and there is no 
saviour for thee. 

32 ' Thy sons and thy daughters air. given 
to another people, and thine eyes are look- 
ing and consmning for them all the day, 
and thy hand is not to God ! ^3 The fruit of 
thy ground, and all thy labour, eat up doth 
a people whom thou hast not known ; and 
thou Jbast been only oppressed and bruised 
aU the days ; ^^ and thou hast been mad, be- 
cause of the sight of tliine eyes which thou 
dost see. 

3* 'Jehovah doth smite thee with an e\dl 
idcer, ou the knees, and on the legs (of which 
thou art not able to be healed), from the sole 
of thy foot even unto thy crown. 

^^^ ' Jehovah doth cause thee to go, and thy 
king whom thou raisest ujj over thcc, unto a 
nation which thou hast not known, thou and 
thy fathers, and thou hast sei-ved there other 
gods, wood and stone ; ^^ and thou hast been 
for an astonishment, for a simile, and for a 



byeword among all tlie peoples whither Jeho- 
vah doth lead thee. 

38 ' Much seed thou dost take out into tlie 
field, and little thou dost gather in, for the 
locust doth consume it ; ^^ vineyards thou dost 
plant, and hast laboured, and wine thou dost 
not drink nor gather, for the worm doth con- 
sume it ; ■"' olives are to thee in all thy border, 
and oil thou dost not pour out, for thine olive 
doth faU off. 

^ ' Sons and daughters thou dost beget, 
and they are not with thee, for they go into 
captivity ; ■•2 aU thy trees and the fruit of thy 
ground doth the locust possess ; ^ the sojour- 
ner who is thy midst goeth iip above thee 
very high, and thou goest down very low; 
^ he doth lend to thee, and thou dost not lend 
to him ; he is for head, and thou art for tail. 

^ ' And come upon thee have all these 
curses, and they have pursued thee, and over- 
taken thee, till thou art destroyed, because 
thou hast not hearkened to the voice of Jeho- 
vali thy God, to keep His commands, and 
His statutes, which he hath commanded thee ; 
**' and they have been on thee for a sign and 
for a wonder, also on thy seed — to the age. 

^'' 'Because that thou hast not served Je- 
hovah thy God with joy, and with gladness 
of heart, because of the abundance of all 
things — ^thou hast served thine enemies, 
whom Jehovah sendeth against thee, in hun- 
ger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and iu 
lack of all things ; and he hath put a yoke of 
iron on thy neck, till He hath destroyed thee. 

^ 'Jehovah doth lift up against thee a 
nation, from afar, from the end of the earth 
as the eagle it fiieth ; a nation whose tongue 
thou hast not heard, ^"a nation — fierce of 
coimteuance — which accepteth not the face 
of the aged, and the young doth not favour; 
^^and it hath eaten the fruit of tliy cattle, 
and the fruit of thy groimd, till thou art de- 
stroyed ; which leaveth not to thee corn, new 
wine, and oil, increase of thine oxen, and 
wealth of thy Hock, tiU it hath destroyed thee. 

^2 ' And it hath laid siege to thee iu all thy 
gates, till thy walls come down, the high and 
tlie fenced ones in which thou art trusting, in 
all thy land ; yea, it hath laid siege to thee 
in all thy gates, in all thy land, which Je- 
hovah thy God hath given to thee; ^^and 
thou hast eaten the fruit of thy body, flesh of 
thy sons and thy daughters (whom Jehovah 
thy God hath given to thee), in the siege, and 
in the straitness with which thine enemies do 
straiten thee. 

''■* ' The man who is tender iu thee, and who 
is very delicate — his eye is evil aj^'ainst his 
brother, and against the wife of his bosom, 
and against the remnant of his sons whom 
he leaveth, ^^ against giving to one of them 
of the liesh of his sous wlioni ho eateth, 
because he hath nothing left to him, in 
the siege, and iu the straitness with which 
thine enemy doth straiten thee in all thy 
gates. 

^•' 'The tender womau iu thee, and the 
delicate, who hath not tiicd the sole of her 
foot to place on the ground because of de- 
licateness and because of tenderness — her 
eye is evil against the husband of her bosom, 
139 



The covenant renewed, xxviii. 57.— DEllTERONOMY.— xxix. 24. Mercies to the peniteTU. 



and against her son, and against her daugh- 
ter, ^'' and against her seed which cometh 
out from between her feet, even against her 
sons whom she doth bear, for she doth eat 
them for the lacking of all things in secret, 
in the siege and in the straitness with which 
thine enemy doth straiten thee within thy 
gates. 

^^ ' If thou dost not observe to do all the 
words of this law which are written in this 
book, to fear this honoured and fearful name — 
Jehovah thy God — ^^ then hath Jehovah made 
wouderf id thy strokes, and the strokes of thy 
seed — .gi-eat strokes, and stedfast, and evil 
sicluiesses, and stedtast. 

"" ' And He hath brought back on thee all 
the diseases of Egyjit, of the presence of which 
thou hast been afraid, and they have cleaved 
to thee^ "1 also every sickness aud every stroke 
which is not written in the book of this law ; 
Jehovah doth cause them to go up upon thee 
till thou art destroyed, ''- and ye have been 
left with few men, instead of which ye have 
been as stars of the heavens for multitude, be- 
cause thou hast not hearkened to the voice of 
Jehovah thy God. 

"^ ' And it hath been, as Jehovah hath re- 
joiced over you to do you goodj aud to multi- 
ply you, so doth Jehovah rejoice over you to 
destroy you, and to lay you waste; and ye 
have been pulled away from off the groimd 
whither thou art going iu to possess it ; ^^ and 
Jehovah hath scattered thee among all the 
peoples, from the end of -the earth even unto 
the end of the earth ; and thou hast served 
there other gods which thou hast not known, 
thou aud thy fathers — wood and stone. 

•^5 'And among those nations thou dost not 
rest, yea, there is no resting-place for the 
sole ot' thy foot, and Jehovah hath ^ven to 
thee there a trembhng heart, and failing of 
eyes, and grief of soul ; ''^ and thy life hath 
been lianging in suspense before thee, and 
thou hast been afraid by night and by day, 
aud dost not believe in thy life; '''in the 
morning thou sayest, that it were evening! 
and in the evening thou sayest, that it were 
morning! from the fear of thy heart, ^^^th 
which tliou art afraid, aud from the sight of 
thine eyes whicli thou seest. 

•"* 'And Jeliovah hath brought thee back to 
Egypt with sliijjs, by a way of which I said to 
thee, Thou dost not add any more to see it, 
and ye have sold yourselves there to thine 
enemies, for men-servants aud for maid-ser- 
vants, and there is no buyer.' 

XXIX. 1 THESE are the words of tlio 
covenant which Jeliovah hath conunandod 
Moses to make witli the sous of Israel iu the 
land of Moab, apart from the covenant which 
He made with theiu in Horcb. 

-Aiid Moses calleth unto all Israel, and 
saith unto them, ' Ye — ye have seen all that 
which .Jehovah hatli done before your eyes in 
the land of Egypt, to I'liaraoh, and to all liis 
servants, and to all liis land; •'the great trials 
wliioh thine eyes have seen, tlic signs, and 
tliosc great wonders ; ''and Jeliovah liath not 
given to you a heart to k-iiow, and eyes to 
Bee, aud cars to hear, till this day, ''and 1 
140 



cause you to go forty years in a wilderness; 
your garments have not been consumed from 
ofi' you, and thy shoe hath not worn away 
from ofi" thy foot ; ^ bread ye have not eaten, 
and wine and strong tli-ink ye have not drunk, 
so that ye know that I avi Jehovah your God. 
J ' And ye come in unto this place, and 
Sihon king of Heshbon — also Og king of 
Baslian — doth come out to meet us, to battle, 
aud we smite them, ^and take their land, 
and give it for an inheritance to the Reuben- 
ite, aud to the Gadite, aud to the half of the 
tribe of Manasseh; *and ye have kept the 
words of this covenant, and done them, so 
that ye cause all tliat ye do to prosper. 

^^ ' Ye are standing to-day, all olf you, be- 
fore Jehovah your God — youi" heads, your 
tribes, your elders, and your authorities — 
every man of Israel; ^^your infants, your 
wives, and thy sojourner who is in the midst 
of thy camps, from the hewer of thv wood 
imto the drawer of thy water — ^^for thy 
passing over into the covenant of Jehovah 
thy God, aud into His oath which Jehovah 
thy God is making with thee to-day; ^^in 
order to establish thee to-day to Him for a 
people, and He Himself is thy God, as He 
hath spoken to thee, and as He hath sworn to 
thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. 

i*'And not with you alone am I making 
this covenant and this oatli ; ^^ but with him 
who is here vrith us, standiug to-day before 
Jehovah om- God, and with him who is not 
here with us to-day, ^^for ve have luiown 
how we dwelt in the land of Egypt, and how 
we passed by through the midst of the na- 
tions which ye have passed by ; ^^ and ye see 
their abominations, and their idols, wood aud 
stone, silver and gold, which are with them, 
18 lest there be among you a man or woman, 
or family or tribe, whose heart is turning 
to-day from Jehovah our God, to go to serve 
the gods of those nations, lest there be in you 
a root fruitful of gall and worm-wood : 

1^ ' Aud it hath been, in his healing the 
words of this oath, and he hath blessed him- 
self in his heart, saying, I have peace, thoufili 
in the stubbornness of my heart I go on, in 
order to end the fidness with the thirst. 
-" Jehovah is not willing to be propitious to 
him, for then doth the anger of Jehovah 
smoke, also His zeal, against that man, and 
lain dowu on hiin hath all the oath which is 
written iu this book, and Jehovah hath 
blotted out his name from under the heavens, 
"• and Jehovah hath separated him for evil, 
out of all the tribes of Israel, according to 
all tlie oaths of the covenant which is written 
in this book of the law. 

'-"- ' A nd the latter generation of your sous 
who rise after you. and the stranger M'ho 
cometh iu from a land afar otf, have said 
when they have seen tlie strokes of that laud, 
and its sicknesses which Jehovah hath sent 
into it, — -•'((/n7/t liriiustone aud salt is the 
whole land burnt, it is not sown, nor doth it 
shoot up, nor doth there go up on it any herb, 
like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, 
Adniah and Zcboim, which Jehovah over- 
turned iu His anger, and in His fury,) — ■•^yea, 
all the nations have said. Wherefore hath 



Advantages of revemtion. xxix. 25.— DEUTERONOMY.— xxxi. 10. Joshua made leader. 



Jehovah done thus to this land? what the 
heat of this !j,Teat anger? 

-5 ' And thiey have said, Because that they 
have forsaken the covenant of Jehovah, God 
of their fathers, which He made with them 
in His bringing them out of the land of Egypt, 
2^ and they go and serve other j^ods, and bow 
themselves to them — gods which they have 
not known, and whicn He hath not appor- 
tioned to them; ^aud the anger of JehtiVah 
burneth against that laud, to briu^ in on it 
all the reviling that is written in tliis book, 
"^ and Jehovah doth pluck them from ofl' their 
groimd iu auger, and in fury, and in great 
wrath, and doth cast them imto another land, 
as at this day. 

"^'The things hidden arc to Jehovah oi»r 
God, and the things revealed are to us and to 
our sons — to the age, to do all the words of 
this law. 

XXX. ^ ' And it hath been, when all these 
things come upon thee, the blessing and the 
reviling, which I have set before thee, and 
thou hast brought them back unto thy heart, 
among all the nations whither Jehovah thy 
God hath driven thee away, " and hast turned 
back imto Jehovah thy God, and hearkened 
to Has voice, according to all that I am com- 
manding thee to-day, thou and thy sons, with 
all thy neart, and* with all thy soul — ^then 
hath Jehovah thy God turnea back to thy 
captivity, and pitied thee, yea, He hath 
turned back and gathered thee out of all the 
peoples whither Jehovah thy God hath scat- 
tered thee. 

* ' If thine outcast is in the extremity of 
the heavens, thence doth Jehovah thy God 
gather thee, and thence He doth take thee ; 
^ and Jehovah thy God hath brought thee 
in unto the land which thy fathers have 
possessed, and thoii hast inherited it, and 
He hath done thee good, and multiplied thee 
above thy fathers. 

s ' And Jehovah thy God hath circumcised 
thy heart, and the heaxt of thy seed, to love 
Jehovah thy God with all thy heart, and with 
all thy soul, for the sake of thy life ; " and 
Jehovah thy God hath put all this oath on 
thine enemies, and on tliose hating thee, who 
have pursued thee. 

* ' And thou dost turn back, and hast 
hearkened to the voice of Jehovah, and hast 
done all His commands which I am command- 
ing thee to-day; ''and Jehovah thy God hath 
made thee abimdant in every work of thy 
hand, in the fruit of thy body, and iu the 
fruit of thy cattle, and in the fruit of thy 
ground, for good; for Jehovah turneth back 
to rejoice over thee for good, as He rejoiced 
over thy fathers, ^'' for thou dost hearken to 
the voice of Jehovah thy Godj to keep His 
commands, and His statutes, which are written 
in the book of this law, for thou turnest back 
unto Jehovah thy God, with all thy heart, 
and with all thy soul. 

"'For this command which I am com- 
manding thee to-day, it is not too wonderful 
for thee, nor is it far off. ^" It is not in the 
heaveny, — saying, Who doth go ui> for us into 
the heavens, and doth take it for us, and 



doth cause ns to hear it— that we may do it 
1'' And it is- not bcsyoud the sea,— sayiu'g. Who 
doth pass over for us beyond the S(;a, and 
doth take it for us, and doth cause us to liear 
it — that we may do it ? i-* For very near unto 
thee is the word, in thy mouth, and in thy 
heart — to do it. 

^^ ' See, I have set before thee to-day life 
and good, and death and evil, i^in that "I am 
commanding thee to-day to love Jehovaii thy 
God, to walk in His ways, and to keep His 
commands, and His statutes, and His judg- 
ments; and thou hast lived and multiplied, 
and Jehovah thy God hath blessed thee in the 
land whither thou art going in to possess it. 

^'■'And if thy heart doth turn, and thou 
dost not hearken, and hast been driven away, 
and hast bowed thyself to other gods, and 
served them, ^^1 have declared to you this 
day, that ye do certainly perish, ye do not 
pr6long days on the ground which thou art 
passing over tlie Jordan to go in thither to 
possess it. 

1" ' I have caused to testify against you to- 
day the heavens and the earth ; life and death 
I have set before thee, the blessing and the 
reviling ; and thou hast fixed on life, so that 
thou dost live, thou and thy seed, -" to love 
Jehovah thy God, to hearken to His voice, 
and to cleave to Him (for He is thy life, and 
the length of thy days), to dwell on the ground 
which Jehovah hath sworn to thy fathers, to 
Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give to 
them.' 

XXXL ^AND Moses goeth and speak eth 
these words unto all Israel, ^ and he saith 
unto them, ' A son of a hundred and twenty 
years am I to-day ; I am not able any more to 
go out and to come in, and Jehovah hath said 
unto me. Thou dost uotpass over this Jordan, 

^ ' Jehovah thy God He is passing over be- 
fore ihee, He doth destroy these nations from 
before thee, and thou hast possessed them; 
Joshua — he is passing over before thee as Je- 
hovah hath sjioken, •* and Jehovah hath done 
to them as he liath done to Sdion and to Og, 
kings of the Amorite, and to their land, whom 
He destroyed. ^And Jehovah hath given 
them before your face, and ye have done to 
them according to all the command which 
I have commanded you ; " be strong and 
courageous, fear not, nor be terrified because 
of them, for Jehovah thy God is He who 
is going with thee ; He doth not fail thee nor 
forsake thee.' 

'' And Moses calleth for Joshua, and saith 
unto him before the eyes of all Israel, 'Be 
strong and courageous, for thou — thou dost 
go iu with this people unto the land which 
Jehovah hath sworn to their fathers to give 
to them, and thou — thou dost cause them to 
inherit it; ^and Jehovah is He who is going 
before thee. He himself is with thee ; He doth 
not fail thee nor forsake thee; fear not, nor 
be affrighted.' 

" And Moses writeth this law, and giveth 
it imto the priests (sons of Levi, those bearing 
the ark of the covenant of Jehovah), and unto 
all the elders of Israel, '" and IVIoses com 
mandeth them, saying, ' At the end of seven 
141 



A poatacy foretold. 



xxxT. ll.-DEUTERONOMY.— XXXII. 14. 



Book of the lata 



years, in the .appointed time, the year of re- 
lease, iu tlie feast of l)ootlia, 'Hn the coming 
iu of all Israel to see the face of Jeliovali in 
the place which He chooseth, thou dost pro- 
claim this law before all Israel, iu their ears. 

^'^ ' Assemble the people, the men, and the 
women, and the infants, and thy sojourner 
who is within thy gates, so that they hear, 
and so that they learn, and have feared Je- 
hovah your God, and observed to do all the 
words of this law; ^^and their sons, who 
liave not known, do hear, and have learned 
to fear .lehovah your God all the days which 
ye are living ou the ground whither ye are 
passing over the Jordan to possess it.' 

1* And Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' Lo, thy 
days have drawn near to die; call Joshua, 
and station youi-selves in the tent of meeting, 
and I charge him ; ' and Moses goeth — Joshua 
also — and they station themselves in the tent 
of meeting, ^^ and Jehovah is seen in the 
tent, in a pillar of a cloud ; and the pillar of 
the cloud standeth at the opening of the tent. 

16 And Jehovah saith unto Moses, ' Lo, 
thou art lying down with . thy fathers, and 
this people hath risen, and gone a-whoring 
after the gods of the stranger of the land 
into the midst of which it hath entered, and 
forsaken Me, and broken My covenant which 
I made with it ; i'' and Mine anger hath 
Iturned against it iu that day, and I have 
forsaken them, and hidden My face from 
them, and it hath been for consumption, and 
many evils and distresses have found it, and 
it hath said in that day, Is it not because 
that my God is not in my midst — these evils 
have found me? ^^and I certainly hide My 
face in that day for all the evil which it hath 
done, for it hath turned unto other gods. 

I'* ' And now, write for yoii this song, and 
teach it the sons of Israel; put it iu their 
mouths, so that this song is to Me for a 
witness against the sons of Israel, ^*and I 
bring them in imto the ground which I have 
sworn to their fathers — flowing ^vith milk and 
lioney, and tliey have eaten, and been satisfied, 
and been fat, anil have turned imto other 
gods, and they have served them, and des- 
liised Me, and l)roken My covenant. 

-1 'And it hath been, when many evils and 
distresses do mccit it, that this song hath 
testified to its face for a witness; for it is 
not forgotten out of the mouth of its seed, 
for I have known its imagining which it is 
doing to-d.ay, before I liring them in unto the 
land of which I have sworn.' 

'■^'^ And Moses writeth this song on that day, 
.and doth teach it the sous of Israel, "^aua 
He commandcith Joshua son of Nun, and 
saith, 'Be strong and courageous, for thou 
(lost bring in the sons of Isr.ael unto the land 
which I have sworn to them, and I — I am 
with thee.' 

■■^And it cometh to pass, when Mo.ses 
linisheth to write the words of this law on a 
book till their completion, "•''that Moses cotu- 
mandeth the Levites bearing tlie ark of the 
covenant of Jehovah, saying, -" 'Take this 
Book of the f/iw, and thoti hast set it on the 
gide of tlie ,ark of the covenant of Jehovali 
your God, and it hath been there against 
142 



thee for a witness; "'for I — T h.ave known 
tliy rebellion, and thy stitt' neck; lo, in my 
being yet alive with yoii to-day, rebellions ye 
have been with Jehovah, and also surely 
after my death. 

'■^^ ' Assemble unto me all the elders of yoiir 
tribes, and your authorities, and I spealc in 
their ears these words, and cause to testify 
against them the heavens and the earth, 
-" for I have known that after my death ye do 
very corruptly, and have turned aside out of 
the way ■•yhich I commanded you, and evil 
hath met you iu the latter end of the days, 
because ye do the evil thing in the eyes of 
Jehovah, to make Him angry with the work 
of yoiir hands.' 

3" And Moses speak eth in the ears of all 
the assembly of Israel the words of this song, 
till their completion : — 

XXXII. 1 ' GIVE ear, heavens and I 

speak ; [mouth ! 

And thou dost hear, earth, sayings of my 

- Drop as rain doth My doctrine; 
Flow as dew doth My sayings ; 
As storms on the tender grass. 
And as showers on the herb, 

3 For the Name of Jehovah I proclaim. 
Ascribe ye greatness to oiir God ! 

* The Rock ! — perfect is His work. 
For all His ways are just; 
God of stedf astness, and without iniquity ; 
Righteous and upright is He. 

^ It hath done corruptly to Him ; 
Their blemish is not His sons', 
A generation pei-verse and crooked! 

^ To Jehovah do ye act thus, 
people foolish and not wise? 
Is not He thy f ather^thy possessor ? 
He made thee, and doth establish thee 

'' Remember days of old — 
Understand the years of many generations- 
Ask thy f.ather, and he doth tell thee; 
Thine elders, and they say to thee : 

8 In the Most High causing nations to inherit, 
In His separating sons of Adam- 
He settetn up the borders of the peoples 
By the number of the sons of Israel. 

" For .Tehovah's portion is His people, 
Jacob is the line of His inheritance. 

"' He findeth him in a land— a desert. 
And iu a void — a howling wilderness, 
He turneth him round — 
He causeth him to understand — 
He keepeth him as the apple of His eye. 

" As an eagle waketh up its nest. 
Over its young ones fluttereth. 
Spreadetn its wings — taketh them, 
Bcareth them on its pinions ; — 

'- Jehovah alone doth lead him, 
And there is no strange god -ndth him. 

1'^ He maketh him ride ou high places of earth. 
And he c.ateth increase of the fields, 
And He maketh him suck honey from a rock, 
And oil out of the tiint of a rock; 

'^ Butter of the herd, and milk of the flock, 
Witli fat of lambs, and rams, sons of 

Bash an, 
And hc-goata, with fat of kidneys of wheat; 
And of the blood of the grape thou dost 
drink wine! 



The last song of Moses. xxxiT. 15.— DEUTERONOMY.— xxxiit. 4. The last song ofMoaet. 

3' Aucl He liatli said, Where a7-e tlieir Rods— 

The rock iu which they trusted ; 
='•'' "Wliich the fat of their sacrifices do eat, 
They drink the wine of their libation ! 
Let them ai-ise and hclji you, 
Let it be for you a hiding-place ! 
3" See ye, now, that I— I am He, 
And there is no god with Me : 
I put to death, and I keep alive ; 
I nave smitten, and I heal ; 
And there is not from My hand a deliverer, 
^^ For I lift up unto the heavens My hand. 

And have said, I live— to the age! [sword, 

*i If I have sharpened the brightness of My 

And My hand doth lay hold on judgment," 

I turn back vengeance to Mine adversaries, 

And to those hating Me — I repay! 

^- 1 make drunk Mine arrows with blood, 

And My sword devoureth flesh. 

From the blood of the pierced and captive, 

From the head of the freemen of the enemy. 

*'^ Sing ye nations— ici^/t his people. 

For the blood of His servants He aveng- 

eth, [versaries. 

And vengeance He turneth back on His ad- 

And hath pardoned His land — His people.' 

*" And Moses cometh and speaketh all the 

words of this song in the ears of the people, 

he and Hoshea son of Nun; ''^and Moses 

finisheth to speak all these words unto all 

Israel, *^ and saith unto them, ' Set your 

heart to all the words which I am testifying 

against you to-day, that ye command your 

sons to observe to do all the words of this 

law, *'' for it is not a vain thing for you, for it 

is your life, and by this thing ye prolong 

days on the ground whither ye are passing 

over the Jordan to possess it.' 

^ And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, in 
this self -same day, saying, ^^ ' Go up unto this 
mount Abarim, mount Nebo, which is in the 
laud of Moab, which is on the front of Jericho, 
and see the laud of Canaan which I am giving 
to the sons of Israel for a possession ; ^'' and 
die in the mount whither thou art going uii, 
and be gathered unto thy people, as Aaron 
thy brother hath died in the mount Hor, and 
is gatliered imto his people : 

^ ' Because ye tres]iassed against me in the 
midst of the sons of Israel at the waters of 
Meriliath-Kadesh, the wilderness of Zin — be- 
cause ye sanctified ]Me not in the midst of the 
sons of Israel; ''-but over-against thou seest 
the land, and thither thou dost not go in, 
unto the land which I am giving to the sons 
of Israel.' 



' And Jeshurun waxeth fat, and doth kick : 

Thou hast been fat — thou hast been thick. 

Thou hast been covered. 

And he leaveth God who made him. 

And dishonoureth the Rock of his salvation. 
' They make Him zealous with strangers. 

With abominations they make Him angry. 

They sacrifice to demons — no god ! 

Gods they have not known- 
New ones — from the vicinity they came ; 

Not feared them have your fathers ! 
' The Rock that begat thee thou forgettest, 

And neglectest God who formeth thee. 
' And Jeiiovah seeth and despiseth — 

For the provocation of His sons and His 

daughters. 
' And He saith : I hide My face from them, 

I see what is their latter end; 

For a froward generation are they. 

Sons in whom is no stedfastness. 

They have made Me zealous by 'no-jgod,' 

They made Me angry by tlieir vanities ; 

And I make them zealous by 'no-peoi)le,' 

By a foolish nation I make them angi-y. 
' For a fire hath been kindled in Mine anger. 

And it bumeth unto Sheol— the lowest. 

And consumeth earth and its increase. 

And setteth on fire foundations of mouu- 
' T gather upon them evils, [tains. 

Mine arrows I consume uj^on them. 
' Exhausted by famine, [tion. 

And consumed by heat, and bitter destruc- 

And the teeth of beasts I send upon them. 

With poison of fearful things of the dust. 
' Without bereave doth the sword, 

And at the inner-chambers — fear, 

Both youth and virgin, 

Suckling with man of grey hair. 
' I have said : I blow them away, [man ; 

I cause their remembrance to cease from 

If not — the anger of an enemy I fear, 

Lest their adversaries know— 

Lest they say. Our hand is hi^li, 

And Jehovali hath not wrought all this. 
' For a nation lost to counsels are they, 

And there is no understanding in them. 
' If they were \vise — 

They deal wisely with this ; 

They attend to their latter end : 
' How doth one pursue a thousand, 

And two cause a myriad to flee ! 

If not — that their rock hath sold t'hem. 

And Jehovah hath shut them up? 

For not as our Rock is their rock, 

(And our enemies are judges!) 
■ For of the vine of Sodom their vine is. 

And of the fields of Gomorrah; 

Their grapes are grapes of gall — 

They have bitter clusters ; 
' The poison of dragons is their^wine 

And the fierce venom of asps. 
' Is it not laid up with Me? 

Sealed among My treasures? 
' Mine are vengeance and recompense. 

At the due time— doth their foot slide ; 

For near is a day of their calamity. 

And haste do things prepared for them. 
' For Jehovah doth judge His yjeople, 

And for His servants doth repent Himself. 

For He seeth — the going away of power, 

And none is restrained and left. 



XXXIII. 1 AND this is the blessing roith 
which Moses the man of God Ijlcssed the sons 
of Israel before his death, " and lie saith: — 
' Jehovah from Sinai hath come. 
And hath risen from Seir for them ; 
He hath slione from mount Paran, 
And hath come with myriads of holy ones ; 
At His right hand are springs for them. 
' Also He is loving the peoples ; 
All His holy ones ore in tliy hand. 
And they — they sat down at thy foot, 
Each He lifteth up at thy words. 
* A law hath Moses commanded us, 
A possession of the assembly of Jacob. 
143 



Moned blessing. 



XXXIII. r>.— DEUTERONOMY— xxxTV. 12. 



Tfie death of Moaes- 



* And he f s in .ToRlninin l?ing, 

III tho heads of the people gathorin;^ to- 

'I'lie trilies of Israel! [gethcr, 

•• Let Ilcnhen live, and not die, 

And let his men be a nnmbcr. 
^ And this is for Jndah ; and he saith : — 

Hear, O .Jehovah, tlie voice of .Tudah, 

And unto his people do Tlioii liring him in; 

His hand hath striven for him, 

And an help from his adversaries art Thou. 
8 And of Levi he said: — [pions one. 

Thy Tlnimmim and thy Urim am for thy 

Whom Thou hast tried in Massah, 

Tlioii dost strive with Him at the waters of 
Meribah ; 
3 Wlio is saying of his father and his mother, 

I have not seen him ; 

And his brethren he hath not discerned. 

And his sons he hath not known ; 

For they have observed Thy saying, 

And Thy covenant they keep. 
" Tliey teach Thy jiulgments to Jacob, 

And Thy law to Israel ; 

They pnt perfume in Thy nose. 

And whole burnt-offering on Thine altar. 
'1 Bless, Jehovah, his strength. 

And the work of his hands Thoii acceptest. 

Smite the loins of his withstanders. 

And of those hating him — that they rise 
'^ Of Benjamin he said: — [not! 

The beloved of Jehovah doth tabernacle 
confidently by him. 

Covering him over all the day ; [nacle. 

Yea, between his shoulders He doth taber- 
" And of Joseph he said: — 

Blessed of Jehovah is his land. 

By precious things of the heavens. 

By dew, and by the deep croiiching beneath, 
'^ And by precious things — fruits of the sun. 

And by precious things — cast forth by the 

moons, [tains, 

^' And by chief things — of the ancient moun- 

And by precious things — of tlie age-during 

heiglits, [fidness, 

1^ And by precious things — of earth and its 

And the good pleasure 

Of Him who is dwelling in the bush, 

— Let it come for the head of Joseph, 

And for the crown of him 

Who is separate from his brethren. 
1' His honour is a firstling of his ox. 

And his horns are, horns of a reem; 

By them peoples he doth push together 

To the ends of earth ; 

And they are tlie myriads of Ephraim, 

And they are the thousands of Manasseh. 
'8 And of Zebulun lie said: — 

Rejoice, Zelnilun, in thy going out. 

And, Issachar, in thy tents ; 
'" Peoples to the mountain they call, 

Tliere they sacrifice righteous s.acrifices; 

For the abundance of the seas tlioy suck. 

And hidden things hidden in the sand. 
2" And of Gad he said:— 

Blessed of the Enlarger Is Gad, 

As a lioness he doth tabernacle. 

And liath torn the arm— .also the crown! 
" And he jirovideth the first jiart for liiniself. 

For there the portion of the lawgiver is 
covered, [peoi)le ; 

And he cometli with the heads of the 
144 



The righteousness of Jehovah he hath done, 
And His judgTuents with Israel. 

-'- And of Dan he said: — [Baslian. 

Dan is a lion's wholp; he doth leap from 

-* And of Naphtali he said : — 
Naphtali, satisfied wth pleasure. 
And ndl of the blessing of Jehovah, 
West and sotith possess thou. 

"^ And of Asher he said: — 
Blessed with sons is Asher. 
Let him be accepted by his brethren. 
And dipping in oil his foot. 

-' Iron and brass are thy shoes, 
And as thy days — thy strength. 

"^ There is none like the God of Jeshurun, 
Riding the heavens in thy help. 
And in His excellency the skies. 

"^ A habitation is the eternal God, 
And beneath are arms age-during. 
And He casteth out from thy presence the 
enemy, and saith, 'Destroy!' 

"8 And Israel doth tabernacle in confidence 
alone ; [wine ; 

The eye of Jacob is unto a land of corn and 
Also His heavens drop down dew. 

-' thy happiness, O Israel! who is like thee? 
A i^eople saved by Jehovah, 
The shield of thy help, [lency: 

And He who is the sword of thine excel- 
And thine enemies are subdued for thee. 
And thou on their high places dost tread.' 

XXXrV. 1 AND Moses goeth up from the 
plains of Moab unto moi